In Commission v Ireland, the ECJ recently held that the division of competences to assess environmental impact statements between the EPA and the Planning Appeals Board did not ensure that Directive 85/337/EC on environmental impact assessment was properly transposed. This was a problem in the Irish system for some years. However the High Court had addressed it in one particular case viz Usk and District Residents Association Ltd. v. An Bord Pleanála  I.E.H.C. 346 where the High Court ruled that An Bord Pleanála had erred in failing to assess the environmental impacts of the construction of a landfill liner. (The board mistakenly took the view that this was a matter within the exclusive jurisdiction of the EPA).
faculties: ‘It could be said with great truth that University College has never been so united about any issue throughout its existence as it is about this’ (Meenan 1968, 314-20). Lenihan succeeded only in uniting previously antagonistic forces within UCD against the merger itself (O’Flynn 2012, 121- 22). The ASA in UCD approved two resolutions on 4 November 1968, which endorsed co-operation between two independent universities in Dublin (NAI D/T 2000/6/655, Ó Dálaigh to Ó Dubhda, 5 February 1969). The governing body of UCD in turn produced a detailed critique of the minister’s plans, entitled The Case for University CollegeDublin, which condemned Lenihan’s proposal as a recipe for ‘the partial destruction and total discouragement’ of UCD as a university institution (UCD Governing Body 1969, 14). The authorities of UCD were particularly opposed to the proposals for the transfer of the schools of Medicine (the cornerstone of the original Catholic university) and Law to TrinityCollege. They made a strong case for the reconstitution of UCD as an independent university, co-operating closely with TCD. The rejection of the official plans by academic staff in both Trinity and UCD reflected the mobilisation of resistance by a professional class against encroachment on its traditional power and autonomy by the political centre.
TrinityCollegeDublin (TCD) is announcing a change in policy that will prioritise admissions for students with sensory and physical disabilities applying for a TrinityCollege place through the national Disability Access Route to Education (DARE). Effectively, this change will mean that applicants with sensory or physical disabilities, who are DARE eligible and meet minimum entry and course subject requirements, may be offered a place on a reduced points basis through the DARE scheme, ahead of all other DARE eligible students. This policy has been developed in response to the continuing low numbers of students with sensory and physical disabilities participating in TrinityCollege and third level education.
Subsequent to Raman acquisition, data was analysed and pre-processed in Matlab (MathWorks, Ireland) using in-house scripts. Data was smoothed with a Savitzky-Golay filter (order=3, window=9) and spectra were separated for analysis into two sub-groups (lower wavenumber (LWN) and higher wavenumber (HWN)) for further pre-processing and data analysis. For the LWN range, spectra were cut from 800 – 1800 cm -1 and background corrected using Extended Multiplicative Scatter Correction (EMSC) . To carry out EMSC, a cell reference spectrum along with a pure spectrum of water (background) must be input. The EMSC algorithm then functions by applying a weighted sum of the background to be removed accompanied by a polynomial baseline correction to remove the water from the dataset. Outliers were removed and datasets were vector normalised prior to principal component analysis (PCA). For the HWN region, backgrounds were corrected using EMSC, spectral range cut to 2700 – 3100 cm -1 , outliers removed and vector normalised prior to PCA. PCA is a data processing technique commonly utilised to discriminate different samples based on variations in their Raman spectroscopic profiles, which ultimately correspond to differences in biochemical composition . The spectral features discriminating the two or more data sets are then displayed as principal component (PC) loadings. The highest degree of variability is displayed by PC1, which decreases in subsequent PCs.
Upon signing a Production Sharing Agreement for EA4B with the Ugandan Government in 2007, Dominion Uganda Ltd. (a subsidiary of Dominion Petroleum Ltd.) began an extensive geology and geophysics ﬁeld research programme in collaboration with TrinityCollegeDublin and PEPD. One of the principal results of this new phase of geological ﬁeld surveying was a geo- logical map sheet of onshore EA4B, presented here at 1:66,666 scale (1.5 cm ¼ 1 km) (Main Map). This map not only subdivides the stratigraphy of rift-ﬁll sediments for the ﬁrst time but also identiﬁes relatively recent normal faults which have controlled the style and architecture of sedimentation in the basin. In addition, as this map records the ﬁrst petroleum exploration in this basin, it is also something of a historical document, in that additional features, such as the course of the original seismic lines through the bush, have been shown, as well as sites where 80 m deep upholes were drilled to help process the seismic data, and where lithofacies were recorded in samples collected from the bottom of drilled 9 m shot holes (Main Map).
A skilled workforce particularly in the areas of engineering, science, information and communications technology, and research and development is a prerequisite to maintaining and building a knowledge-based economy. This paper sets out to identify the key factors that influence prospective students in choosing to pursue engineering studies, in particular a primary degree in civil engineering; the student perceptions regarding engineering during the course of their studies and their immediate intentions on graduating. The data was collected using an anonymous online survey directed at the students on the Bachelor of Engineering (BAI) degree programme at the School of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Systems Sciences, TrinityCollegeDublin (TCD).
A multi-disciplinary, problem-based Engineering Design course taken by about 170 students during the second year of a Bachelor of Engineering Degree programme at TrinityCollegeDublin has been presented. Working groups of typically four or five students of mixed ability are given a series of written specifications, a timeline and submission deadlines for the civil, mechanical and electronic engineering modules. The course has placed the students in the centre of the learning process with the learning responsibility having largely moved to the students from the teachers who now acting primarily as facilitators.
In this paper, results are presented from an evaluation of European Researchers’ Night in Ireland in 2015. The event was hosted by TrinityCollegeDublin in partnership with the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Visitors to the event had the opportunity to see diverse research environments and participate in interactive installations, debates, tours, and presentations in four subject areas: human, technology, world, and society (RCSI 2015). In addition, visitors had the chance to engage directly with some of the country’s leading researchers in such areas as robotics, neuroscience, and zoology. Although similar types of public engagement events take place in Ireland (see Roche, Cullen, and Ball 2016; Roche, Stanley, and Davis 2016), European Researchers’ Night is the only event that makes labs and research centres publicly accessible for one night each year. While the primary focus of the evaluation was to better understand the attendees of the event, a secondary component involved exploring the informal learning that takes place at European Researchers’ Night. Informal learning is “usually intentional but not highly structured” (Marsick and Watkins 2001, 25). Over the last two decades, informal science