According to (Canada International Development Agency, 2003) knowledgesharing can be done through seminar and during seminar people will listen to the presenter without interrupting. Seminar is another method to share knowledgeamongstudents and seminar usually was held to discuss and share on a particular subject. Other than having a lecture and tutorial for study purposes, seminar is an extra knowledge which student could gain either it held inside university or outside university. In a seminar there would be a group of people come to discuss on certain topic and the speakers are mostly expert in the field that they are going to talk. Through a seminar student could get a knowledge which is additional and sometime it would not relate with the subject they took in university but the topic could be on the knowledge of other field such as housing seminar, photography seminar or how to set up a business seminar and etc.
implemented it into practical life which indicates that their attitude towards the early detection of the disease was flawed. 78% of our respondents knew about this method of detection and 43.8% knew how to perform it out of which only 24.9% had actually performed it once in their lifetime. More or less similar results were reported in a study conducted in Punjab  where 41% respondents knew how to perform BSE but 25% actually practice it. Better practice than this was reported in another local study among medical students, which showed that 67% knew how to perform BSE and 56% actively perform BSE . If we compare with international studies we found that in a study conducted in Iraq, 90.9% participants had heard of BSE while only 48.3% had actually practiced . In an Indian research it was reported that 65% students were aware of BSE and only 11% practice it regularly . Likewise a study in Iran on 119 health professional claimed that 87.4% of the participants perform BSE and 39.5% perform it on regular monthly basis . Various other global researches also reported deficiency in BSE practice among females [12,24,26,27,29, 33].
Currently, in our college, the medical students are exposed to medical ethics topics during clinical postings and are encouraged and given time to do self-study on medical ethics. Rabbani MW and colleagues  compared knowledge and awareness of medical ethics in medical graduates of two medical colleges in Pakistan. They observed that the students who were taught medical ethics in medical college were better informed than students who did not get the formal education in undergraduate medical training. Similar observation was seen by Keeselheim J and colleagues , who conducted a study amongst paediatric medical residents. They found that medical ethics and professionalism, if included in curricula, can more consistently influence paediatricians’ knowledge. Hence, from all the studies it is evident that medical ethics should be a part of the curriculum for undergraduate medical students. The students should be provided with training classes, workshops, and seminar to make the doctors who are confident to address ethical dilemma and to adopt ethical principles.
On reviewing students' knowledge regarding HBV infection (Table 2) shows chance for transmission after needle stick injury was the highest known item among the interviewed students (86%) followed by chance of transmission through blood transfusion (84.7%), and the high risk of infection among health care workers (83.8%). Risk of transmission from mother to child OF HBV was the least known item as 9.3% of the sample said no. Table 3 illustrates students' knowledge regarding HCV infection. More than 80% of the students studied about HCV during undergraduate levels. Knowing that HCV can be transmitted through needle injury was recorded among 80.6% of the students and 76.5% of them know that it can be transmitted through blood transfusion. Unprotected sex and being a health care work increase the chance of HCV transmission was known among more than 70% of the students. As for the knowledge regarding HIV infection, Table 4 demonstrates that 83.9% of the included students studied about HIV infection in their undergraduate levels. Also 81.7% of them know about probability of having HIV after needle stick injury and 79.1% said that it can be transmitted from infected mother to her child. Unprotected sex as a method of HIV infection was recorded among 78.5% of the students and 74.4% agreed on that heal care workers are at potential risk of acquiring HIV infection.
The results of this study indicate a high degree of anti- biotic use by undergraduate pharmacy students in the past year in Sri Lanka. Pharmacy students also reported some misconceptions about the appropriate use of antibiotics for conditions such cold and flu. Senior phar- macy students demonstrated significantly better under- standing of the appropriate use of antibiotics when compared to their junior colleagues. Undergraduate edu- cation is likely to be the main source of improved know- ledge of antibiotics, AMR, and related terminology. B. Pharm subjects such as pharmacology, clinical phar- macy, microbiology, and pathology courses offer the op- portunity for antibiotic and AMR education. The curricula for pharmacy degree programs from different universities was not available to be assessed. However, the aim of this study was to investigate pharmacy stu- dents’ antibiotic use, knowledge about antibiotics and AMR including the secondary aim to evaluate pos- sible differences in these outcomes between junior and senior pharmacy student groups. The results of this study identified that senior pharmacy students have significantly better knowledge (related to antibi- otics and AMR) when compared to junior pharmacy
The practice of standard precautions including the use of barrier techniques has been shown to be the best prevention strategy against occupational transmission of infectious diseases in health- care settings. In this study, there was high compliance with glove and mask use, similar to previous studies conducted in Canada, Germany, the UK, Iran, and UAE [13,14,16,23]. Nonetheless, compliance with protective eyewear was very low; only 43% reported using protective eyewear at all times. The same results are reflected in many other studies in the UK, UAE, Germany and Nigeria, which have also shown that a majority of dental students did not use eye protection most of the time [10,12,16]. The poor utilization of eyewear may indicate a low level of awareness amongstudents and dentists about the probability of disease transmission via aerosols and blood splashes. In our study, 82% of dental students had blood/saliva splashes to their eyes. Hence, dental students should be encouraged to wear masks and protective eyewear to minimize the chance of transmitting airborne infections.
Despite these limitations, this study has ascertained that knowledge related to breast cancer and chemotherapy among this sample population remained moderate and was not uniformly disseminated, although females, senior candidates and students who were majoring in nursing were comparatively more knowledgeable than their respective counterparts. In view of the current knowledge status among these future medical front-liners, knowledge levels certainly require enhancement, particularly for junior students and those from non-nursing courses of study. It is vital to keep them well informed with updated health-issue information, even though such information may not be directly related to their future jobs. Such improvements would allow provision of accurate health information to the public and would eradicate common misconceptions that result in delayed diagnosis and treatment.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this study showed that the undergraduate medical students had a relatively better attitude but limited knowledge and poor practice towards pharmacovigilance. The findings of the study suggest that there is need for continuous education regarding pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting system among the students who will be the future health-care givers. For this, pharmacovigilance related activities should be included in the medical teaching curriculum in pharmacology as a part of their study. Thus these efforts may develop increase in awareness towards pharmacovigilance amongstudents and ultimately may translate into increase in the adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting in future.
Finally, to assess knowledge of interventions, the fol- lowing statements were presented: “Listed are different activities that could help Linh. Circle the option that best reflects your opinion of activity”. The following list was then presented: “Becoming more physically active”; “Learning how to relax”; “Getting acupuncture”; “Getting up early each morning to do exercise”; “Getting coun- seling”; “Looking for online information to learn about the problem”; “Reading a self-help book on the problem”; “Joining a group of people who have similar problem”; “Going to a local mental health service”; “Being admit- ted to hospital for psychiatric service”; “Using alcohol to relax”; and “Smoking to relax”. For each option, par- ticipants had to circle one of the four options: “helpful”, “harmful”, “neither”, and “don’t know”. Cronbach’s Alpha for this scale was 0.62.
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among the undergraduatestudents attending the third, fourth, and fifth study years at the Faculty of Dentistry, Ain Shams University (ASU) located in Cairo, the capital of Egypt. ASU is a govern- mental educational institution operating under the supervi- sion of the Egyptian Ministry of Higher Education. It is the third oldest university in Egypt having been established in 1950 and the Faculty of Dentistry is one of 15 faculties under the umbrella of the University. Within this public educational institution, preventive and curative oral health services are delivered in the outpatient clinics of the University premises by undergraduate and postgraduate dental students under the supervision of staff members. The undergraduate dental program offered by the Faculty of Dentistry at ASU lasts for 5 years. The program also includes another year of internship where students exclusively focus on working alongside quali- fied dentists to develop their clinical skills through exposure to patients in all the dental disciplines.
In the last decade genetic tests that identify an asymptomatic individual’s susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease has been increasing . The majority of students in our study wanted to take the predictive test for Alzheimer’s disease if it was offered and this group consisted mostly of pre-healthcare students. These individuals were keen on knowing whether they were at risk for the disease so that they would be better prepared in the future. The undergraduatestudents who would refuse to take the predicted test had a lower level of concern for Alzheimer’s disease risk and cited reasons such as fear of knowing if they were predisposed to the disease and being diagnose with the illness in the future, and choosing to live in denial. In a study of 314 African Americans and Caucasian first degree relatives of Alzheimer’s disease patients who were surveyed about their concerns about developing Alzheimer’s disease, knowledge of genetic testing and risk of the disease as well as reasons for seeking genetic testing, the former group had less knowledge about established facts concerning Alzheimer’s disease and genetic testing . African Americans reported less anxiety and concern regarding the possibility of developing Alzheimer’s disease , a finding which was consistent with a previous study by Robert and colleagues where this group perceived Alzheimer’s disease as a lesser threat compared to their Caucasian counterpart . At risk individuals may pursue genetic susceptibility testing for early onset Alzheimer’s disease due to a number of reasons including anxiety relief, financial planning and organizing family affairs, prevention and medical treatment of the disease [24,26]. Our results suggest that undergraduatestudents were in favour of seeking genetic susceptibility testing as they are generally concerned about the possibility of developing Alzheimer’s disease in the future. Pre- healthcare students were more knowledgeable of established information about Alzheimer’s disease. The lack of knowledge of Alzheimer’s disease and genetic susceptibility testing for the illness may contribute to undergraduatestudents, more so non-medical to make decisions regarding predictive testing without being fully aware of its benefits, limitations and possible risks.
Although necessary knowledge is given at undergraduate level but to maintain and update knowledge about recent advances periodic Basic Life Support (BLS) courses should be made mandatory for all the practicing dentists. The refresher training is also important since these guidelines are updated or revised periodically. The need for optimal refresher training has also been stressed by Christopher et al, 29 Woollard et al 30 and Chamberlain et al. 31 Soar et al 32 also recommended repeated refresher training, especially for individuals who are not practicing resuscitation on a regular basis.
The present study was conducted amongUndergraduatestudents in Women’s Christian College Nagercoil, at Kanyakumari District. Pre-experimental one group pre test post test design was used for this study. Permission was obtained from the principal of Women’s Christian College. Data collection was done over the period of 4 weeks. Oral consent was obtained from the subjects. The investigator had selected 60 Undergraduatestudents by using non-probability convenience sampling technique. Pretest was done on day I st to assess the level of knowledge through structure knowledge questionnaire and attitude was assessing by using 5 point likert scale. Then Computer Assisted Instruction administered to the subjects regarding Breast Self Examination for 30 mints on the same day. Then the posttest level of knowledge and attitude was assessed after 15 days.
was the internet which was the source of 81 (23.3 %) of the respondents. Fifty eight (16.7 %) participants ac- quired their awareness and knowledge from their medical training. This was same (n = 58, 16.7 %) for re- spondents whose source of awareness and knowledge was from Eye care practitioners. Two hundred and eight (59.9 %) respondents (out of the 347) knew that millions of people worldwide are affected by ocular allergies each year while 61.4 % were aware that ocular allergy could lead to visual loss. Only 32.0 % were aware of the fact that about forty percent of Ghanaians suffer from ocular allergy. Out of the 347 respondents, 152 (43.8 %) were not aware that Ocular allergy is one of the most common eye conditions encountered by eye care profes- sionals as well as General practitioners. However, only 85.9 % of the respondents were aware of itching, as a primary source of discomfort among those who suffer ocular allergies. An association was found between the institution and awareness of ocular allergy (χ 2
Many studies on knowledge, attitude, and practice on dengue have been done including in Malaysia. However, very few had focused on university or college student. It is important to cultivate good attitude and practice besides providing knowledge regarding dengue among younger generation, especially teenagers and young adult so that they could educate other people especially those who are close to them beside applying good practice of dengue prevention when they are in the campus or at home. Besides, it is hoped that this younger generation can spread the important information to a wider community. This study therefore was commenced to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of dengue fever amongundergraduate health science students of University of Science Malaysia, beside aiming to see the relationship between the three components..
The study was conducted to determine the degree of knowledgesharing support system and the degree of knowledgesharing behavior among 98 CBA students. This study utilized the descriptive correlation research design. The study found out that the respondents are very much convinced that their instructors motivate students to share whatever knowledge imparted to them; the students consider information technology as a means to support their willingness to share information they have learned; the respondents agree to share their classmates their classmates all the resource materials which can be useful academically; the respondents are assured that the knowledge they share would help their classmates improve their academic performance; the respondents agreed to make use of the internet available at home or at the university; that the respondent’s knowledgesharing behavior s dependent to their degree knowledgesharing support system in terms of instructor’s support, and lastly, the respondent’s knowledgesharing behavior is dependent to their degree of knowledgesharing support system in terms of technology support.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels which are the leading cause of death in Malaysia. CVD will continue to be a leading cause of death to the young generation unless they clearly understand the development of the disease and having the knowledge to encounter it. The aim of this study was to determine the overall knowledge of CVD amongundergraduate university students and to compare the knowledge between health sciences base and non health sciences base students as well as their year of studies. A self-administered cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 373 undergraduates students from medicine, pharmacy, business, hospitality and others courses at MSU by using pre validated Heart Disease knowledge questionnaire developed by Bergman et al, 2011. From this study it was analysed that total 81.2% of the participants were 18 to 23 years old and 74.8% of the participants were female. Results from the data analysis revealed that 71.3% of the respondents scored between 11-20. Among which health sciences base students achieved a better mean score than non health sciences base students. Besides this, senior health sciences base students have better knowledge than junior health sciences base students. The overall knowledge about cardiovascular disease amongundergraduate university students was moderate.
The use of CBCT in the dental field is growing throughout the world due to its efficiency in a diversity of diagnostic purposes as reported in the previous literatures . Previous studies only evaluated dental students’ knowledge regarding digital approaches and radiation protection [10,11]. Despite CBCT importance, very few studies assessed dental student’s knowledge and attitude towards it. Therefore, the present study used a questionnaire to evaluate CBCT knowledge and attitude among Saudi Female dental undergraduate and postgraduate students of College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia.
Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal is the first private medical school in Nepal and admits 150 students annually mainly from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and Maldives to the undergraduate medical (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MBBS) course. The course is divided into two years (four semesters) of integrated basic sciences, two and half years of clinical sciences, and one year compulsory residential rotating internship. During the integrated basic sciences the six subjects (Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology and Physiology) are taught in an integrated organ system-based manner along with Community Medicine and Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM). A hybrid approach of didactic lectures, problem based learning (PBL), and practical sessions are used . There is a paucity of studies on self-medication among basic science medical students in Nepal. Hence the study was planned with the following objectives: 1) to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among second and fourth semester basic science undergraduate medical students; and 2) to study differences in
Background: Evidence based practice (EBP) is based on the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise to facilitate clinical decision making. Those patients who receive evidence-based therapies have better outcomes than those who do not. Evidence-based medicine is becoming a specialty in its own right, and it's an area that medical students should pay close attention to when determining their path. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding evidence based practice among the undergraduate and postgraduate students of a medical college in North Karnataka.