Top PDF Self medication practices of over the counter analgesic drugs among medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Jharkhand, India

Self medication practices of over the counter analgesic drugs among medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Jharkhand, India

Self medication practices of over the counter analgesic drugs among medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Jharkhand, India

Regarding source of information, the most common source of information was advice from the seniors followed by books, internet, old prescriptions and media. In Saudi population, pharmacists and doctors were the most common source of information as study done by Karami et al. 12 In ACGR Government Medical College, Nellore, old prescriptions and text books were the most common source of information. 14 Similar finding was observed among undergraduate students in a medical college in Kolkata. 19 Paracetamol was the most common drug used by third and fourth year students in RIMS, Ranchi whereas in Nellore the most common analgesics used by fifth semester students was Diclofenac Sodium whereas seventh semester students used Paracetamol. 14 Among Saudi female students, total 88.3% reported use of analgesics among which 49.2% used Paracetamol. 20 In Nepal also about 82.7% adults of age group 20 and above residing in Chapapani - 12, Pokhara were using Paracetamol as OTC Analgesics. 1 Among Saudi population 73.4% used Paracetamol and 13.1% used ibuprufen 12 whereas in present study diclofenac sodium was the second most commonly used analgesic. Paracetamol is one of the most commonly used non-narcotic analgesic-antipyretic agent used with negligible anti inflammatory action. Recent evidence suggests that Paracetamol may act by inhibiting cycloxygenase 3 (COX 3) in CNS. COX 3 is involved in pain perception and fever but not in inflammation.
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SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG B SC  NURSING STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN ASSAM

SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG B SC NURSING STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN ASSAM

pharmacist dispense such drugs even without prescription. Increasingly, people are managing a large proportion of their ailments without consulting either a doctor or pharmacist. Yet pharmacists can play a key role in helping people to make informed self-care choices. There are very few legal restraints in OTC drugs and the danger comes in the form of unethical pharmaceutical dispensing who would rather content their monetary desires than to think of the patients’ health. Undoubtedly, nursing students are among the health care personnel with the greatest access to medications. Like doctors, they possess an impressive knowledge of prescription drugs and their use in the treatment of various ailments because they have pharmacology as one of their subjects in their curriculum. In one study in India, self-medication was reported among 92% of the medical students in contrast to 59% of the non-medical students.[7]. Easy access to drugs and knowledge of drugs use may have a significant contribution in the prevalence of self medication in health care personnel. There is always a risk of interaction between active ingredients of hidden preparations of OTC drugs and prescription medicines, as well as increased risk of worsening of existing disease pathology or the development of drug resistance. A number of studies have been conducted to study the self- medication among students but a very few on the nursing students. This study was undertaken with the objectives to find out the prevalence of self medication and to study the pattern of self medication practices among the B.Sc nursing students of the College of Nursing, Assam Medical College and Hospital.
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Self-medication practices of over the counter analgesics among first and third semester undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, Jharkhand

Self-medication practices of over the counter analgesics among first and third semester undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, Jharkhand

This study was a questionnaire based cross sectional study conducted MBBS students of RIMS Ranchi, Jharkhand. The first and fourth year students of this college were included in this study. Filled questionnaires were evaluated for their completeness and only the data from completely filled questionnaire was taken for analysis. Incompletely filled questionnaires were excluded from the study. The study was conducted in Department of Pharmacology between 1st March to 30th April 2019. The students who participated in the studies were explained about aim of the study. They were ensured about confidentiality of the information collected. A self-prepared questionnaire regarding the practice of OTC analgesic drugs were given to them. The questionnaire had questions related to practice of self-medication for any type of pain, sources of drug information, name of analgesic used with indication, reason for self-medication, frequency and duration of intake, any side effects experienced and lastly opinion about self-medication. The questionnaire was given to them during one of their lecture classes
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THE PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION IN DIARRHEA AMONG SECOND YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND

THE PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION IN DIARRHEA AMONG SECOND YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND

Different OTC antidiarrhoeal drugs are available in medicine shops. Majority of students used ORS as the self medication. Many patients with sudden onset of diarrhea have a benign and self limited illness requiring no treatment or evaluation. In severe cases, dehydration and electrolyte imbalances are the principle risks, particularly in infants, children and frail elderly patients. Oral rehydration therapy is therefore a cornerstone for patients with acute illness resulting in significant diarrhea. This is of particular importance in developing countries, where the use of ORS therapy saves many thousands of lives every year
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Self medication among medical and dental students in tertiary care teaching hospital of Udaipur, India

Self medication among medical and dental students in tertiary care teaching hospital of Udaipur, India

The majority of the studentsself-medicated because of other advice, followed by their confidence about manage the symptom themselves and it’s time saving process as compared to coastal south et al where a reason for self- medication was illness is too minor. 19 However, another study from Tamil Nadu the most common reason for self- medication was time saving, whereas in Punjab was for quick relief. 23,32 Previous prescription for the same illness was reported as the most common source of information about the drugs used for self-medication. 19,23,32 In current study, the use of the previous prescription for the same illness was more prevalent in female medical students than male medical students (Table 2). Most common indication for self-medication in this study was cold and cough, which was similar finding in other studies from western and southern part of India. 20,22 Other studies reported fever as the most common indication for self-medication. 19,24 In the current study, 76.8% of the participants felt that self- medication was part of self-care which was higher to that
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Survey of use of over the counter drug and other than over the counter drugs among medical students, nursing and technician staff of a tertiary care teaching hospital

Survey of use of over the counter drug and other than over the counter drugs among medical students, nursing and technician staff of a tertiary care teaching hospital

DISCUSSION This study was undertaken to get insight into the use of OTC product among paramedical staff. In our study, a total of 200 participants were enrolled. In our study number of females reported use of OTC products more in comparison to males, similar observations were made in studies from India. 9,10 Gender is considered as an important factor in self-medication patterns among young adults including students. 11 Out of 200 participants 90 were medical students,60 nursing staff,50 technician staff
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Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practice among interns about over the counter drugs in a tertiary care hospital in India

Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practice among interns about over the counter drugs in a tertiary care hospital in India

Patil et al and Kasulkar et al in India which showed self- medication is widely practiced among undergraduate medical students. 8,9 The most common drugs implicated in self-medication include non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, gastrointestinal drugs, and antibiotics. 10 Dangers with commonly used OTC drugs such as NSAIDs such as an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction occurring within one week of use have to be highlighted. 11 Another study found that NSAIDs were common medications responsible for self- medication-related to cutaneous adverse drug reactions. 12 The Government of India on August 30, 2013, had made an amendment to the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940 and brought the schedule H1 notification, but to date, there is no separate OTC drug schedule in India. 13 This study reveals a gap in the knowledge, attitudes and practice among the medical interns about OTC drugs, which highlights the need for special emphasis in the undergraduate curriculum for medical students about OTC drugs.
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Role of Pharmacology in self medication practices among undergraduate medical students in a medical college and hospital in North India

Role of Pharmacology in self medication practices among undergraduate medical students in a medical college and hospital in North India

Background: Self medication is an important component of primary health care. It involves treatment of common ailments on ones own initiative or on the advice of a pharmacist. With the easy accessibility to information regarding use of drugs, there is an alarming increase in the self medication practices. Medical students, during their course of study gain considerable knowledge of drugs and it may have an influence on their self medication practices. The present study was designed to gather the knowledge, attitude and behavior of medical students towards self medication and whether an increased knowledge of drugs further promoted self medication.
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Original Research Article The pattern of self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students of tertiary care hospital, Andhra Pradesh, India

Original Research Article The pattern of self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students of tertiary care hospital, Andhra Pradesh, India

counter (O.T.C) drugs Yes No No of students 16 154 DISCUSSION Most of the students are practicing self-medication which indicates high incidence among medicos. There is a difference in gender among that practicing self- medication. Females were more may be due to their menstrual and hormonal problems. Mostly they are using medicines for simple ailments like cold, fever etc. which are non-serious. The high use of analgesics for self- medication confirms the findings that analgesics are the commonly used over-the-counter medicines. 13 These results were consistent with the study “Popularity of self- medication among medical students AIIMS” by Gupta YK. 14 Multivitamins were also used commonly as supplements for promoting health, for preventing the illness, for boosting the immune system, for prevention of stress and to top up the regular nutrition. 15 Self-medication with antibiotics is of public health concern because inappropriate use of antibiotics results in antibiotic resistance and in emergence of mutant forms of microbes which is a major problem worldwide especially in developing countries like India. 16
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Evaluation of self medication practices in common illness among non health care professionals in a tertiary care hospital

Evaluation of self medication practices in common illness among non health care professionals in a tertiary care hospital

Medicines used for self medications are also known as “over the counter drugs” medications which are available without prescriptions which are proved of efficacy and safety, where their side effects and interactions have serious complications. 11-13 A patient with fever, cold, cough, diarrhea, indigestion might receive an expert advice from friends or strangers in India. Urge of self care, lack of health services, poverty, ignorance, extensive and vast advertisement of drugs and more availability of drugs at an establishment other than pharmacies. All these factors govern tremendous growth of self medication over the decade. 14 Self medication patters vary among different populations and are influenced by many factors apart from which age, sex, income and medical knowledge also plays a pivotal role. 15,16 In particular self medication is more common in health care professionals (e.g. physicians, nurses and pharmacist) than general public. 17 Thus there is a need to provide adequate information to population so that they choose right medicine for particular illness to gain benefits from self medication. Hence this study was planned to find the pattern and prevalence of self medication in non health care professionals working in tertiary care hospital in common illness viz; mouth and throat ulcers, common cold and cough, headache and fever, GI infections, eye/ear infections and skin and related infections.
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Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

So, it is difficult to provide a simple answer whether it should be promoted or not. WHO has also highlighted the importance of self medication. It assumes importance in countries where scarcity of health resources are present. Self medication is prevalent in self diagnosed common ailments or in chronic or recurrent disorders which were initially diagnosed by doctors and require prolonged treatment as it saves patients from long queues at hospitals. However, medicines with established efficacy, safety, quality and availability over the counter should be taken.
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Self-Medication Practices among Medical Students of Allama Iqbal Medical College

Self-Medication Practices among Medical Students of Allama Iqbal Medical College

in Greece 4 and 70% in Ghana 5 . The facts and figures in Asian countries show that self-medication is pretty common in these countries. Students consult their text-books facilitated by the easy availability of drugs 8 . It is also influenced by factors such as family, society, law and exposure to advertisements 9 . The main indications for self-medication was respiratory problems (73.3%), headache and fever, cough and cold, GIT infections and mouth and throat infections 10,11 . Prevalence of self-medication in Egypt was 55% 12 , 80.9% in Malaysia 13 , 47.8% in China 14 , 76.6% in Iran 9 , 92% in India 8 and 86% in Sharjah 15 . Penicillins, especially amoxicillin, were most commonly used all over. Females practiced it more commonly 7,16 . Drug resistance is being reported 15 . Acetaminophen and Codeine were most commonly used in Iran with Amoxicillin 2 . Use of self-medication in Pakistani students is alarmingly high. In Pakistan, the problem is magnified by the fact that almost all prescription only medications are also available over the counter without doctor’s prescription 2 . The prevalence in Islamabad students was 40% 2 . Commonly used medicines were analgesics (88.3%), antipyretics (65.1%) and antibiotics (35.2%).
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Awareness and Disposal Practices of Unused and Expired Medication Among Health Care Professionals and Students in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Awareness and Disposal Practices of Unused and Expired Medication Among Health Care Professionals and Students in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Keywords: Drug Disposal, Expired Medicines, unused medicines, Cross sectional study. Global Medicine consumption is increasing day by day especially in counties like India and China. 1 More emphasis is made on the rational use of medicine such that patients should receive the right medicines at the right time anduse them appropriately. 2 Most of the times these prescribed medicines are left unused due to various reasons like the change of treatment, side effects of the drug, improvement of patient condition resulting in discontinuation of the course oftreatment. Re-use of leftover drugs for self- medication is unsafe which should be usedonly
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Self-medication practices among patients presenting to Medicine OPD in a tertiary care hospital, AIIMS-Patna (Bihar)

Self-medication practices among patients presenting to Medicine OPD in a tertiary care hospital, AIIMS-Patna (Bihar)

Dr Gagan Gunjan et al JMSCR Volume 06 Issue 12 December 2018 Page 305 for using it. It would be safe, if the people who are using it, have sufficient knowledge about its dose, time of intake, side‑effect on over dose, but due to lack of information it can cause serious effects such as antibiotic resistance, skin problem, hypersensitivity and allergy. Hence, developing country like India where we have poor economic status, education status as well as poor health care facilities, Health education of the public and regulation of pharmacies may help in limiting the self-medication practices. There is need to ensure community education, safety and efficacy of OTC drugs, so that even after its improper use, they prove to be safe. Easy availability of OTC drugs is a major factor responsible for irrational use of drugs in self-medication resulting in impending health consequences like antimicrobial resistance, increased load of morbidity and economic loss.
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PREVALENCE OF SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG MEDICAL & ALLIED HEALTH STUDENTS IN MALAPPURAM

PREVALENCE OF SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG MEDICAL & ALLIED HEALTH STUDENTS IN MALAPPURAM

Even though educated and responsible self-medication practices can reduce the unnecessary cost burden in patient and payer perspective and result in overall cost-minimization; some conditions are to be realized for this to be effective. These conditions comprise of: the drugs used are indicated for those ailments which are self-recognizable and consumer is educated on the proper drug use and its risks as well as benefits. In developing countries, professional health care is relatively expensive and many drugs which are available as prescription drugs in developed countries is available as OTCs; thereby leading to strong reliance on such medications to treat prevalent conditions. [6,7] Although as per drug laws relevant to India, self-medication practice is permitted for over-the-counter (OTC) drugs; there is absence of a well-defined list of OTC drugs. Those drugs which do not fall under Schedule H or G are regarded as OTC and can be procured without the prescription of a registered physician and are consumed as self-medication.
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Original Research Article A study to assess self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital

Original Research Article A study to assess self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital

METHODS This was a cross sectional questionnaire-based study, conducted at Sri Venkateshwaraa Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Puducherry. Before initiation of the study, Institutional Ethics Committee approval obtained and the study was conducted for a period of 3 months. Duration of the study November 2018 - January 2019.The undergraduate students studying in second MBBS, of all ages and both the gender were included in the study. Written informed consent was obtained from all the study participants. A semi –closed, pre validated questionnaire model was used in this study (Questionnaire enclosed in Annexure 1). A brief description about the purpose of the study and the procedure to complete the questionnaire was explained in detail to all the students. The candidates were instructed and properly guided to complete their response within the stipulated time. The results were analyzed and expressed by descriptive statistics, such as counts and percentages.
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Prevalence, knowledge, attitude and practice regarding self-medication among medical, dental and paramedical students in a tertiary care hospital

Prevalence, knowledge, attitude and practice regarding self-medication among medical, dental and paramedical students in a tertiary care hospital

Self-medication has its own benefits and drawbacks 1 . Self- medication carries advantages only if used as a self-care component. Drawbacks include irrational drug use, increased drug resistance, adverse drug reactions, drug dependence etc. 1 Educational status, friends, family, society and drug advertisements etc., are influencing factors which affect the pattern of self-medication. 6 A study had described that educated people practiced self- medication more than illiterates. 7 Higher education and professional status has been mentioned as predictive factor. 8 It is equally practiced by doctors as well by medical students. 9 Several studies had also mentioned that influences of pharmacology subject knowledge on increased prevalence among medical students. 5,10 Not only medical knowledge of students but availability of drugs as free samples and influences of internet also plays a significant role. 11
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Knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacovigilance among the postgraduate and undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Central India

Knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacovigilance among the postgraduate and undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Central India

Lack of knowledge of where and how ADR should be reported would automatically affect reporting, therefore, awareness programs, through publicity, through notices and CME’s would appear necessary to improve ADR reporting among medical practitioners. However, there was a glimmer of hope, more than half of the postgraduate residents and undergraduate students thinks that ADR reporting should be made compulsory and the topic of pharmacovigilance should be taught in detail in their curriculum. As a significant proportion of postgraduates and undergraduates felt that more educational programs about ADR reporting will have positive effect on reporting. In a study done by Chakrabarty et al it was found that ensuring proper education and frequent training of healthcare professionals by training in data collection, interpretation, risk management and action in case of serious drug event had boosted reporting of ADR. 23
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Self medication practices among medical students of a private institute

Self medication practices among medical students of a private institute

MATERIALS AND METHODS After obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee, a prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was carried out at N. K. P. Salve Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Nagpur, from January 2013 to June 2013 [IEC/NKP SIMS-84/2013]. The study was conducted on 488 medical students of all batches selected by simple random sampling. History of SM in the preceding one year from the day of study was noted. A structured and validated questionnaire was used for the study to collect information regarding age, gender, awareness of SM practice, type of drugs self-medicated, source of information. Before starting the study, it was pretested on a group of 20 students, 5 students from each batch, who were excluded from final analysis. Prior to administrating the questionnaire, the students were addressed regarding the purpose and process of data collection. They were informed that data collected would be anonymous and their participation would be voluntary. Questionnaires were distributed among the participants after taking informed consent. Data was analyzed statistically using SPSS version 18 for counts and percentage.
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Self-medication practices among medical and nursing students in Tripura, India: a mixed-method study

Self-medication practices among medical and nursing students in Tripura, India: a mixed-method study

Nabarun Karmakar, Tamal Chakraborty*, Anjan Datta, Kaushik Nag, Shib Sekhar Datta INTRODUCTION Medication plays a vital role in health care delivery, being an important therapeutic tool in the hands of health professionals. 1 Even general people throughout world, act on their own for their health by practicing self- medication. 2 WHO defines Self- medication as selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat recognized illness or symptoms. 3 This includes acquiring medicines without prescription, resubmitting old prescriptions, sharing medicines with relatives/friends or using leftover medicines stored at home. 4-7 It also includes medication for family members, especially for children or elderly. 8
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