The contingent of intellectuals is an important intellectual resource for socio-economic development for each nation as well as international community. They play a great role in creating spiritual and cultural values, bringing about important achievements in science and technology, socialsciences and humanities, contributing to promoting social progress. Especially in the context of Industrial Revolution 4.0, science and technology are developing like a storm, the digital age and the Internet connecting everything with artificial intelligence, the role of the intellectual team is becoming increasingly be more important than ever. The role of intellectual hierarchy in different country with variety of political regimes, civilization levels and culture diversities. This topic in the situation of Vietnam is still a gap in the literature review.
21 KIU Interdisciplinary Journal of Humanities and SocialSciences, 1(3), 12-24
on the findings, OAN did not entirely dismiss the police’s wrongdoings, but they tended to justify their crimes whenever it did mention them. OAN was also more heavily critical of the protesters showing no sympathy towards them and intensively highlighting and exaggerating their actions and their damage throughout 100% of their coverage. An example of that would be the article from OAN titled “Research shows defunding police could dramatically increase crime, cost thousands of black lives” published on June 18, 2020, in which the injustice displayed by police did not go unnoticed “police presence was likely responsible for up to 450 excess homicides every year.” Nevertheless, the article attempted to justify the police’s crimes stating that “96% of those killed were attacking the police.”
The Humanities and SocialSciences Learning Area has a strong focus in providing students with opportunities to participate in a wide range of competitions and activities. Some examples are:
Premier's Anzac Tour
Students prepare a five minute oral presentation on an ANZAC related topic to a panel of RSHS Humanities and SocialSciences teachers. One student from each age category continues to a district level and a possibility of being selected for a remarkable trip to a World War I or a World War II location with the other state winners.
All four of the subject areas encompassed by the secondary program in socialsciences and humanities – family studies, general social science, philosophy, and world religions – are con- cerned with how students view themselves, their families, their communities, and society as they seek to find meaning in the world around them. Through practical experiences, discus- sions, debates, research, study and reflection, and other vehicles for developing critical and creative thinking skills, social science and humanities courses help students become self- motivated problem-solvers equipped with the skills and knowledge that will allow them to face their changing world with confidence.
in the Humanities and SocialSciences in Spain
Elea Giménez Toledo
Abstract This chapter reflects on how journals and book publishers in the fields of humanities and socialsciences are studied and evaluated in Spain, particularly with regard to assessments of books and book publishers. The lack of coverage of Spanish output in international databases is underlined as one of the reasons for the development of nationwide assessment tools, both for scholarly journals and books. These tools, such as RESH and DICE (developed by ILIA research team), are based on a methodology which does not rely exclusively on a citation basis, thus providing a much richer set of information. They were used by the main Spanish assessment agencies, whose key criteria are discussed in this chapter. This chapter also presents the recently developed expert survey-based methodology for the assessment of book publishers included in the system Scholarly Publishers Indicators.
The College of SocialSciences and Humanities is the new addition to Koç University although some of its departments have been at work since the foundation of the University. Our college serves our students by providing the best education from the most talented group of professors in socialsciences and humanities. In a world where the human dimension and the human heritage is being rediscovered and appreciated, our colleagues present the most innovative approaches and contemporary perspectives. The professors are not only excellent teachers and sources of vast knowledge but they are a group of young, energetic, and productive researchers of highest caliber. With an unmatched record of publications, research productivity, and research grants in the socialsciences and humanities, our faculty members excel in collaborations with a diverse set of institutions. They have unearthed unknown pasts, analyzed and created inspiring texts, attacked the most critical social problems, and created programs for the development of the society. The excitement continues with growing intensity and new programs are added to our college. You are invited to share the excitement and action in our college in order to discover the past and to build the future.
Looking into its brief history, the Faculty of Humanities and SocialSciences has made a remarkable advancement in both teaching and research. As a result, it has been able to attract increasing numbers of local and foreign students. Currently, two Masters Degree Progrmmes are being conducted in collaboration with Tribhuvan University in Nepal and Agder University in Norway. I firmly believe that the Faculty of Humanities and SocialSciences of the Univesity of Ruhuna will soon become one of the most prestigious places of academic excellence. In achieving that goal I urge your sincere commitment to a rigorous scholarship, maintaining strict discipline and high moral values.
It is an established fact that indigenous knowledge precedes colonization and any creativity in musical arts is traced to indigenous system of African music making. One cannot deny the fact that some efforts have been made in the past to integrate aspects of collectivism in musical arts but the truth remains that creativity in its whole is yet to be fully explored by the present generation, especially, in the area of performance within instrumental ensemble. In those days, indigenous performance style of drumming have specific styles such that whenever it is played, people around understand the style and dancer knows exactly what to dance to it; but presently, it is observed that the lead instrumentalists of many traditional performance on drums are not actually identified with any particular style due to little or no knowledge they possess about the instrument they are handling. Therefore, this paper intends to document indigenous styles of drumming pattern of dundun drum by showcasing the musical scoring of some of these indigenous styles for proper documentation of Yoruba culture; believing that it will expose more roles and the indigenous styles of playing dundun drum in typical Yoruba way, and also to enlighten the 21 st century traditional performer of dundun drum on the co-ordination of traditional ensemble. The writer uses documentary, historical method, unstructured interviews, and participant observation to source for data for the paper. In conclusion the paper traced the origin of indigenous knowledge in music performance in Yoruba land, and the performance style of dundun pattern culturally and also recommends the possible ways of preserving and expanding this knowledge.
naturally occurring conversations. However, the present work is on politeness violations in a literary text.
Behnam, Sakhaei and Nabifar (2014:80-87) is an exploration of face and politeness concerns in a literary text. The research which aims at figuring out how politeness strategies are used by the characters and how the variables of power and distance influence the choice of politeness levels is a report of a comprehensive study of the politeness phenomenon in Harold Pinter‟s well-known dramatic literature, The Birthday Party. In order to analyze the play‟s text, the face-saving universal model of politeness is used and the three variables which are power, distance and rank extremity are also investigated in the text. In order to figure out the uses of politeness strategies in the drama, the researchers first identify the main characters, identify the kind of politeness strategies employed by the characters, assess the social variables of power and distance, and then calculate and compare the frequency of each strategy. Similar descriptive analytic procedures as often used in naturally-occurring conversations are employed.
Apart from economic reasons in Ethiopia, which are of primary importance, women and in particular young single women, tend to migrate in order to escape the hardship of rural life and the patriarchal and social control. In the course of their migration women may develop their skills and decide to build an independent life rather than continue their former roles in the household. However, since women in their migration rely on social networks that assist them in finding a job and in providing a safety net in times of emergencies, their ability to act independently may be reduced or weakened. Therefore, they may not fully benefit from the opportunities the of contemporary globalized and feminized migratory process that brings such as exposure to new values, ideas and roles such as to prostitution, commercial sex workers, lesbianism thoughts and experiences which are totally out lawed and prohibited by the values and cultures of Ethiopians’.
These higher education institutions are also occupied with corrupt and immoral leaders. The Behavior of educational leaders in Ethiopian public universities is unethical and cannot meet the standards that are expected from ethical leaders . It is not difficult for university workers to observe that universities are becoming the center of corruption and other various pervasive discriminations, even more than other public institutions and offices. Academic dishonesty which truly leads to corruption and other academic scandals has reached startling degree in Ethiopian higher education institutions . This is because there is no strong and binding code of ethics and the practices of ethical culture in these universities. If there is such ethical code, and strong ethics training and disciplinary action as well as its effective practical implementation that can be timely inspected and regulated by government, corruption and other various unethical practices can be significantly reduced. It is very important to learn from universities of developed countries including most of American, European, Australian, Chinese and other developing countries university such as some of South African Universities and so forth. They have strong code of ethics and the practice of work ethics as well as strict disciplinary actions. Their workers evaluation method and ethics training is better. Unlike Ethiopia, the government and university leaders of developed countries are serious about corruption, bad governance, academic dishonesty and other unethical behavior of the workers. These universities are politically neutral and their leaders are elected basing on their merit rather than political loyalty to the government.
On the other hand, prolonging the project execution time usually results in contractors who have to deal with cost overruns due mostly to the extra expenses on management personnel, cost escalations of materials, increase of financial cost, paying contract penalties, and so forth. Moreover, given the usual competitive environment in the construction industry, contractors who fail to complete projects on time may get their reputation harmed and become impeded to obtain new contracts. Project quality can also be affected due to construction delays since the construction team usually dedicates less time to quality control when the main concern is completing the project on time. When this is the case, workers are usually pushed to work overtime and to increase the production rate, which very often entails failures and reworks. In developing countries, delays during the construction of public assets, such as schools, could also result in social harm given the fact that this kind of infrastructure is usually urgently needed. Therefore, the sooner those projects are completed, the better for satisfying the social needs in those countries.
Bidin, A. and Mohd Yusoff, J. Z.*
Faculty of Law, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Domestic elder abuse is a social problem. In some countries, it had affected a large number of the elderly. Although this issue has gained prominence for over two decades, in Malaysia, the information on this is still scarce. Most of the elder abuse cases were not reported and concealed from public knowledge. Victims too, rarely report the abuses perpetrated by their own family members. This study aims to examine the experiences of the elderly in Malaysia who have sustained domestic abuse. Face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted on ten (10) people aged 60 year and above were residing in Rumah Seri Kenangan (an old folks home) in Pengkalan Chepa, Kelantan. Each interview took an average of 15 to 30 minutes and was stopped when the information reached a saturated level. Observation on the physical characteristics of the elderly was done during the interview. The findings showed that majority of the elderly had experienced one or more abuses. The most reported forms of abuse were emotional and financial abuse. The main perpetrators were the adult children or their spouses. Through observation, the study found that the victims had similar characteristics namely physical disability and one or more chronic illnesses.
Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, 16424 West Java, Indonesia
Merah (1937) is a work of Chinese Malay literature that explores issues of communism through the story of a labour strike in Kudus. There have been different opinions regarding communism, and such diversity is embodied in different works. Among Peranakan Chinese themselves at the time, interest in communism was rather lukewarm. Amidst this condition, Liem Khing Hoo wrote a communism-related novel, and this signifies the writing‘s uniqueness. This research examined how Liem Khing Hoo’s particular worldview of communism was applied and emerged within the literary work. Using the sociology of literature approach espoused in Lucien Goldmann’s Genetic Structuralism, it was discovered that this literary work rejected communism. In addition, there were also no signs of efforts to eradicate class domination as the text strongly advocated for the humane treatment of labourers. Through this research, it is proven that Liem positions himself on the side of labour without aligning with communism and its mission of class eradication. Liem’s rejection of communist ideology is homologous to the worldview of his ethnic group, Peranakan Chinese, implying that the labour movement does not perpetually contradict capitalism.
Rohana Jani, Abd Aziz Alias, Nur Fatihah Abdullah Bandar and Ruth Selvaranee Arunasalam
The WHOQOL-BREF model developed by WHO consists of four domains and 26 items. The domains are physical health (seven items), psychological health (six items), social relationships (three items) and environment (eight items). There are also two global items, overall quality of life and general health. The physical health domain includes items on pain and discomfort, energy and fatigue, sleep and rest, dependence on medication, mobility, activities of daily living and working capacity. The psychological health domain measures positive feeling, spirituality, thinking and learning, body image, self- esteem and negative feeling. The social relationships domain contains questions on personal relationships, sexual relationships and social support. The environment domain covers issues related to physical safety and security, home environment, financial resources, access to health and social care, information skills, recreation and leisure, physical environment and transport.
The second wrong argument of identifying Pragmatism with Utilitarianism, which will be referred as the second and which is as important as the first, is the direct relationship between James and Mill. This relationship or bond is based on James' putting Mill in a position that can be the leader of the understanding he is also included in the preface of James’ work titled Pragmatism. But this bond indicates not a relation between Utilitarianism and Pragmatism, but a bond that can be established between Mill's thoughts and Pragmatism, or more specifically James. Moreover, it is obvious the origin of this perception is one-sided and stemmed from James' aforementioned expressions. The second of our assumptions, that is, any inference as to whether Mill will accept such a relationship will not go beyond speculation. But the analysis to be made on our first assumptions can only contribute to our assessment of the attitude in generalizing this bond to be established between two philosophers in favour of Utilitarianism and Pragmatism. When we first look at the relationship between Mill and Utilitarianism, the consistency of Mill's Utilitarianism or his adherence to utilitarian doctrine is debatable rather than Mill’s tendency to compromise 10 with Bentham. On the other hand, while it is always possible to find Utilitarianism in Bentham for quite concrete reasons, it is not possible to feel the existence of the utilitarian principle in Mill evenly. Mill digressed Utilitarianism in some of his thoughts, he sometimes accepted it with certain corrections, and sometimes wrote as if he had never heard of Utilitarianism 11 (Öztürk, 2016: 108). Even if this comment is found extreme, at least as Frankena stated, Mill wanted to add different criteria that could be used to identify pleasures and determine individual or social benefit, but could not stabilize them
having a newfound respect for the views and opinions of young people. Likewise, the youth felt a greater sense of belonging and ownership through their participation on the SBMCs. The authors emphasise the need to build authentic opportunities for youth involvement in existing local decision- making structures rather than creating a plethora of new programmes. Through capacity-building and training, existing community structures can change the way they work to allow young people more meaningful experiences as decision-makers and contributors. This approach provides great opportunity for Muslim-majority countries to create meaningful opportunities for youth participation by infusing youth- adult partnership into already existing school and community-based organisations. It must be noted that the intention of this paper was not to generalise the findings to other Muslim countries, as each has its own unique social, political, demographic and cultural landscape that may or may not be conducive to youth-adult partnership. That said, youth-led social action supported by adults has been found to be an effective strategy for community development in marginalised communities (Ginwright & James, 2002; Ginwright & Cammarota, 2007). The Gaya Island case study presented in this paper extends this work, showing how youth-adult partnership can facilitate real, tangible social change in a completely unique type of marginalised setting. The evidence thus strengthens the possibility that as a general strategy, youth-adult partnership can be used virtually anywhere as long as
The social milieu has “pervasive effects on the accents and dialects which are its medium” (Chambers & Schilling, 2018). However, studies on language variation and change brought about by particular societal conditions are fairly recent. Nevertheless, change and variation are so prevalent in language that distinctions would simply be the norm. Language becomes available to speakers by virtue of “choice of words, selections of options within the grammatical system, or exploitation of phonological distinctions” (Clark et al., 2007). A certain dialect may have distinctive phonological features that contrast it from other dialects and give its speakers the impression of creating different sounds. Phonological variation is thus the subject of this paper as a variable where the speakers’ way of speaking is not the same as the others living around them. The actual instantiations, or variants, of this variable are the use of the Filipino intonation pattern 3-3-4 (asking questions), that appears in the rise and fall of the voice pitch during conversations. Factors such as attitudes and emotions affect the rhythmic and intonational patterns of language. In fact, Crystal (1975), as cited in Ukam et al. (2017), argued that “intonation is not a single system of contours and levels, but the product of interaction of features from different prosodic systems – tone, pitch-range, loudness, rhythmicality and tempo.”
into action (‘amal) as manifestation of their convictions.
In addition, this theological foundation is significant to the formulation of a single unified system of education and towards achieving solidarity among the Muslim nations, which is essential for Muslim society to attain happiness, prosperity and peace as explicitly enunciated in the Holy Qur’an (Al-Quran, al-Hujurat, 10; al-Tawbah, 71). This was also vividly expressed in an analogy given by the Prophet, “‘A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other,’ then he clasped his hands with the fingers interlaced” (Hadith Bukhari). Similarly, al-Fārūqī (1997) claimed that all humans are one in Allah’s perception. This is the basis of universalism in Islam. All humans are distinguished by their deeds, in which violation and crime are considered chauvinism that implies polytheism (shirk). In fact, Islam rejects chauvinism and the negative attitude of ethnocentrism but recognises a universal social order as well as patriotism, which signifies the attitude of love of defending one’s own land or nation.
Statement of the problem
The introduction of agriculture in Zimbabwean primary school was done to empower the young people rather than to relegate them to low social rungs or prepare them for rural life as was the situation during the colonial era. Teaching agriculture to young children is a means of giving pragmatic education with the view of making sure that schools generate future employers rather than employees. If properly taught, agriculture at primary school level has the potential to incalculate values of self-sufficiency in food production as well hard work as for anyone to be a successful former, they have to work very hard. Thus, the importance of agriculture as a school subject cannot be overemphasized.