ideas of emulation. The study examined the perceptions as dependent variables that rely on the independent variable, the AmericanTVseries. The unintentional impact of these programs helps explain the cultivation effect which concentrates on a set of AmericanTVseries that remained constant, while the effect of the drama on its audience was measured depending on the genre and content of the television show. It can be argued that such shows should be considered only as a factor of entertainment, but the frequent exposure to these types of media can influence the audiences’ perception about a community. Field et al. (1999) argue that despite the intensity of exposure, the media has the power to influence and shape the perceptions of the consumers. Using a survey methodology, the analysis focused on the relationship between audience’s perception of the shows and cultivation effect. Participants were recruited via social media and on campus, to fill out a questionnaire.
While a substantial proportion of Chinese audiences do consume Chinese content, a growing number desire AmericanTV and foreign television content. AmericanTVseries appeal to their audiences for four main reasons. First, AmericanTVseries rely on a well-developed television industry and a sophisticated story creation process. The innovative aspects of American television production makes US television stand out from other foreign TV programs. Visual effects that used to be seen only in Hollywood blockbuster films are commonly used in AmericanTVseries (McCabe & Akass, 2007). In addition, the engaging plots, diverse themes and intense storylines in AmericanTV shows are attractive to Chinese audiences (Wen, 2008). Second, the desire to learn English also boosts this trend (Jiang, 2014a; Zhu, 2014). According to China Daily, more than 400 million Chinese, one third of the population, was studying English in the year 2000 (Na, 2010). American culture, absorbed through learning English, builds a strong cultural foundation for understanding US TV shows (Wen, 2008). Third, the popularity of the Internet has enabled Chinese audiences access to American television, which is usually through pirate streaming and downloading (Gao, 2016). Finally, the subtitles added by enthusiastic fan groups have also helped those Chinese viewers who are less proficient in English to understand the content. Subtitle groups, as they are called, are voluntary and do not make any profit from the subtitles they add.
Almost all interviewees in this study belonged to an affinity group catered to people of color. In current events, the awareness around affinity groups promoting diversity in the outdoors has been heightened. Stories in the press have highlighted diversity and inclusion in the outdoors and affinity groups extensively (e.g., Meraji, 2015; Pattillo, 2017; Root, 2017). Perhaps the most popular nationwide outdoor recreation affinity group catered towards African-Americans is Outdoor Afro. Founded in 2009, Outdoor Afro is a non-profit and “the nation’s leading, cutting edge network that celebrates and inspires African American connections and leadership in nature,” (Outdoor Afro, 2018). Outdoor Afro offers planned outdoor activities, led by trained volunteers to help promote the outdoors. “We are changing the visual narrative, and inspiring access to the most pristine nature as well as urban nature, including local parks, trails, and open spaces. These activities promote not only a healthy lifestyle, they also help communities find healing, connect to black history found in many natural areas, and inspire an increased desire to protect vulnerable public lands for all to enjoy” (Outdoor Afro, 2018).
This work shows part of the results of the research done by Beltrán-Pellicer (2015) where 18 fragments from movies and TVseries were selected to design and implement mathematical teaching and learning processes, covering certain aspects within each curricular block. A didactical suitability analysis was made for each one of these fragments and their related teaching and learning processes. The description of the configurations lies in this kind of analysis, allowing reflection on the suitability of the expected emerging mathematical knowledge. A selection of these fragments was implemented with two student groups of secondary education to collect additional data to develop a new insight into the affective suitability, something which is out of the scope of this paper.
The changing profile of New Zealand society, the possible weakening of traditional ties to the UK, as well as New Zealand’s potential Asian “identity”, all serve to underline the need for empirical analysis of contemporary general public perceptions of Europe, one of the dominant economic, political and cultural partners for New Zealand. On the other side of this important relationship, the European Union places great value on its external relations. This initial study offers a unique view of the EU from the outside; the findings constitute the beginning of a longer-term analysis of NZ-EU perceptions.
Because leadership credibility is influenced along racial lines, the training and placement of the African-American principal are called to question. The interaction among leadership, followership, and diversity is also important in the training provided to future principals. The following information is intended to help African-American principals understand the role they play in the retention and recruitment of members of k-12 organizations. First, principals should be made aware that leadership is an intricate interpersonal relationship between the principal and his or her teachers. It is important to establish strong personal relationships with the individual teachers in the building. Next, principals should be informed that potential biases along racial lines exist in the perceptions of their actions. African-American principals should be aware that although research reported that effective leaders are judged on what they do, not on who they are, unfortunately, this does not appear to be the case for African-American principals. It may be important for novices to pay more attention to helping teachers get to know them personally in order to break down racial barriers as well as barriers created by the unfamiliar or unknown.
Second, our findings confirmed many previous results from immigration research that did not find any significant effect of prior victimization on perceptions of the police (Chu & Hung, 2010; Chu & Song, 2008, 2015; Wu et al., 2011, 2013; but see Chu et al., 2005). In contrast, Hypothesis 3 regarding the negative association between prior police contact and the opinion of the police received no support. Our analyses failed to produce any significant result of this measure across all models. Furthermore, our findings, in partial support of Hypothesis 4, revealed the mixed effects of fear of crime, which was a significant determinant for the analysis of respect for the police, but not a significant one for the examination of police prejudice and police effectiveness. It should be noted that survey questions about prior victimization and prior police contact tapped responses into actual experiences, including the respondent's personal and vicarious experiences. These actual experiences, as used to predict more experience- or knowledge-based outcomes such as police prejudice and police effectiveness, appeared to be insignificant measures and failed to generate a pattern of how prior experiences played a role. These findings suggest that refugees might be able to make sensible judgments by relying on preexisting knowledge about American police or on other situational factors. On the other hand, the survey question regarding fear of crime reflected abstract feelings about future crime that might not be realized. The question about respect for the police also provided “mixed feelings” as one of response choices. When fear of crime as a particular type of abstract feeling was applied to the prediction of the less experience- or knowledge-based outcomes such as respect for the police, significant findings emerged and were in stark contrast to its insignificant effects on police prejudice and police effectiveness. This indicates that the factor from the psychological dimension coincided with the sentiment-based outcome for a relationship.
JAMYO was built in 2003 in Ankara/Beytepe dependent on Gendarmerie Schools Command. It is a 2 year educational institution which was built for training up non-commissioned officers for the Turkish National Gendarme Forces which have the same mission with police forces in rural areas. When the 13 main qualifications required for NCOs to have are examined, it can be seen that learning a foreign language comes in the third place. Therefore, it would not be wrong to claim that as the foreign language in the school is English, learning English has a very crucial place in both vocational and social life of the graduates. Generally, English language teaching practices are designed in accordance with the legislations determined by the Language Schools of Turkish Armed Forces. The students are required to take General English courses for 4 semesters. These courses are also in the requirements of Council of Higher Education of Turkey for Vocational High Schools. In their first year, they take A1 (Beginner) level of English and in the second year they take A2 (Elementary) level of English based on Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. They have English for two hours every week. Headway course books and workbooks (Beginner and Elementary) from Oxford University Press are used as textbooks. The medium of instruction is English but instructors make Turkish explanations when it is necessary or when there is confusion among students.
In described episodes the image of old age is cohesive and coherent with its stereotyped perception. Scriptwriters of both series (though, particularly of Polish series) put gigantic emphasis on showing the “third age” in the context of existing or non-existing family. So, older women are primarily grandmothers or loving and caring mothers (sometimes not being able to reconcile with an early death of their children). Men, on the other hand, as may be expected, play the roles of grandfathers, alternatively – of fathers strongly attached to their daughters. They are more often than older women portrayed in the context of the pursued occupa- tion and potential partner relations. Only 2 out of 9 women characters in Ameri- can series and none out of three in Polish series, are introduced in the context of the pursued occupation. This proportion looks totally different in the case of male forms – 7 out of 9 heroes of “Desperate Housewives” and 2 out of 4 males of “Colours of happiness” are professionally active people.
different types of information. Different categories of television programs like News, Movies, Songs, Talk shows, Drama, Sports, reality shows helps to mass people to be a good social person. This type of programs provides information, news, and entertainment to the mass people. Bangladeshi people are more interested in watching the TV programs. Television media is the biggest tools of adverting because Television advertising can reach a large audience with a low cost. So television advertising is the famous for both customers, marketing people and company. The current study exams the audience attitude towards the satellite TV programs and advertising. The study finds out that 95.0 percent of audiences watch television programs or shows regularly. 49.6 percent of audiences are interested to see more TV programs on private satellite Channels, 20.0 percent audiences are interested to see more TV programs on Indian Bangla channels. 61.5 percent of retirement job holders, 52.0 percent of farmers, 43.0 percent of students are more preferred watching the news in Bangladeshi TV channels than the service holder, householder and Businessmen. The study also investigates that 52.5 percent of households, 39.0 percent businessmen and service holder, 37.0 percent students are more preferred watching Dram in Bangladeshi TV channels than retirement job holder, farmers and day labors. 40.7 percent of Bangladesh people are more preferred watching movies on Indian TV channels. All categories of audiences are more liked watching TV at night In Bangladesh. 78.0 percent of day labor, 76.0 percent of farmers, 70.0 service holder and businessman, 68.8 percent retirement job holders, 66.3 percent of households and 57.0 percent of students are liked to watch TV channel at night in a day. The study shows that 82.8 of retirement job holders, 80.0 business people, 78.0 percent of day
cation about cancer screening and treatments. Misconceptions about various cancers and their risks and barriers to screening must be investigated so that culturally appro- priate programs can be developed to address them. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions of cancer and cancer screening among low-income African Ameri- cans. Understanding individual feelings and thoughts associated with cancer screening could guide the development of new approaches that are specifically targeted at im- proving awareness and education efforts as well as developing new interventions di- rected to minority groups.
of the player’s avatar, and escape from real-life stress and problems. The notion of identification with media characters has been widely discussed in media research, well before the emergence of video games. The audience members of a film or TVseries or the readers of a novel often become absorbed in the plot and identify with the characters portrayed. There are two different modes of reception typically described by identification researchers: dyadic and monadic. In the dyadic or spectatorship model, media users perceive a social distinction between themselves and the media characters: “viewers observe characters, evaluate them and respond in specific emotional ways” . In this respect,  holds that televised drama is entertaining because of the emotional response patterns of viewers; transportation theory  acknowledges a strong sense of connection between media users immersed in mediated narratives with characters that are encountered repeatedly over time. Nevertheless, in the monadic approach, audience members experience the interpretation of the plot as though the events were happening to them “in a process that consists of increasing loss of self-awareness and its temporary replacement heightened emotional and cognitive connections with character” .
Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Index is a market capitalization-weighted index based on the results of 500 widely held common stocks. The MSCI ACWI (All Country World Index) ex USA is a free float-adjusted market capitalization-weighted index designed to measure developed and emerging equity markets exclud- ing the U.S., and its results reflect dividends net of withholding taxes. Barclays U.S. Aggregate Index represents the U.S. investment-grade fixed-rate bond market. These indexes are unmanaged and, therefore, have no expenses. Investors cannot invest directly in an index. Lipper indexes track the largest funds (no more than 30) represented by one share class per fund, in the corresponding Lipper category. Lipper averages reflect the current composition of all eligible mutual funds (all share classes) within a given category. Lipper indexes and averages track target date funds in five-year increments. The S&P Target Date Style Index series (“Through” variant), a subset of the S&P Target Date Index series, comprises a set of multi-asset class indexes, each corresponding to a particular target date. The “Through” variant indexes are based on funds with an asset allocation and glide path that aim to be more sensitive to longevity risk at, and beyond, the retirement date. Each index is fully investable, with varying levels of exposure to the asset classes determined during an annual survey process of target date funds’ holdings. The S&P Target Date Through Indexes (2010–2045) began on May 31, 2007. From February 1, 2007, through May 30, 2007, the related S&P Target Date Index (2010–2045) was used. The S&P Target Date Through 2050 Index began on May 30, 2008. From February 1, 2007, through May 30, 2007, the S&P Target Date 2045 Index was used. From May 31, 2007, through May 29, 2008, the S&P Target Date Through 2045 Index was used.
Portfolio management for the funds — Capital Research and Management Company is the investment adviser to the funds (American Funds Global Growth Portfolio, American Funds Managed Risk Growth Portfolio, American Funds Growth and Income Portfolio, American Funds Managed Risk Growth and Income Portfolio and American Funds Managed Risk Global Allocation Portfolio) and the underlying funds. For each of the funds, the Portfolio Oversight Committee develops the allocation approach and selects the underlying funds. The table below shows the investment experience and role in management for each of the members of the Portfolio Oversight Committee.
The central message of our work is the efficacy of using sequence labeling as a learning mechanism for sarcasm detection in dialogue, and not in the set of features that we propose for sarcasm detection - although we experiment with three feature sets. For our experiments, we create a manually labeled dataset of dialogues from TVseries ‘Friends’. Each dialogue is considered to be a sequence of utterances, and ev- ery utterance is annotated as sarcastic or non-sarcastic (Details in Section 3). It may be argued that a TVseries episode is dramatized and hence does not reflect real- world conversations. However, although the script of ‘Friends’ is dramatized to suit the situational comedy genre, it takes away nothing from its relevance to real- life conversations except for the volume of sarcastic sentences. Therefore, our findings from this work can, in theory, be reliably extended to work for any real-life utterances. Also, such datasets that are not based on real-world conversations have been used in prior work: emotion detection of children stories in Zhang et al. (2014) and speech transcripts of a MTV show in Rakov and Rosenberg (2013). As a first step in the direction of using sequence labeling, our dataset is a good ‘con- trolled experiment’ environment (The details are dis- cussed in Section 2). In fact, use of a dataset in a new
When Buffy came along in the late 1990s, television music was not at all as it is today. One of the important differences between then and now lies in the use of musical themes. During the 1980s and through much of the 1990s, the received wisdom was that, with few exceptions, it was not feasible to use recurrent musical themes in TV scores, by which I mean a theme that appears in more than one episode. This seems to have stemmed from two different but complementary perceptions about music as a problem in TV. Firstly over the span of a series, a regularly repeated theme might simply become annoyingly intrusive. Secondly, quality TV shows avoided underscoring scenes because, as Robert Thompson observes in his discussion of quality TV in the US in the 1980s, among the key identifiers of quality TV was a focus on writing – dialogue - and a desire for realism; and music, with its potential to mask dialogue and its ability to emotionally manipulate an audience in a way that does not happen in real life, was therefore something that rather worked against the ethos of shows like L. A. Law and thirtysomething. The result was that in quality TV, music mostly operated quite literally at the edges of scenes, a segue providing continuity across the narrative gap as we cut to a new scene.
Another example of Native community consultation occurred for the Chiefly Feasts: The Enduring Kwakiutl Potatch exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History that opened in 1991. For this exhibit, consultation with Natives was an extensive part of the creation of the exhibit. Aldona Jonaitis, who was working on this exhibit for the museum, travelled to the Northwest Coast multiple times during the planning of the exhibit where she spoke with Kwakwaka’wakw elders who agreed to travel to New York City to look through the collections and provide insight into pieces in the collection. Even Gloria Cranmer Webster, a Kwakwaka’wakw member and a founder of the U’mista Cultural Center, curated the contemporary potlatch section of the exhibit. 250 Natives are now often times asked to work on and become a part of the planning of these exhibits about their cultures and they are able to have meaningful input into what will be placed on display. This was very different from exhibits at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries, where the Natives were bystanders more than contributors.
Steinberg et al. (2009: pp. 238-239) claim that qualified college students re- ceive loans and grants from the federal government. For example, 10 million college students and their families received $83 billion dollars from the federal government in the form of loans and grants in the 2007-2008 academic year. Although the federal government provides a substantial amount of financial support to college students and their families, it has actually been replacing grants with loans going back to the early 1980s. Another interrelated factor also is that minority students, including Black American students, especially Black women tend to attend for-profit colleges and universities, which tend to cost much more and also results in students to take out higher amounts of loans. According to Iloh & Toldson (2013: pp. 207-208), Black American students, es- pecially Black females, are among the rising numbers of students from various groups deciding to enroll in for-profit higher education institutions, accounting for 23%, and their Black male counterparts accounting for 19 percent. The price of a for-profit college education is substantially higher than the price at commu- nity colleges, with a two-year associate degree costing $35,000, but $8300 at a similar community college (also see Grinstein-Weiss et al., 2016: p. 167).
This was followed by Twenty Questions, a quiz show based on the parlour game that required a five-strong panel to guess the identity of an object in up to twenty questions. The show premiered on the Mutual radio network in February 1946 and on American television (NBC) in November 1949 (Buxton and Owen, 1972: 314-5; Schwartz et al, 1999: 239). It crossed the Atlantic as a radio show debuting on the BBC on 26 February 1947, Winnick holding the UK rights again. The show proved very popular, attracting up to 9 million listeners, and was re- commissioned for several series. 4 In 1950 the show was translated and broadcast on the Polish and Pakistani services. However, despite interest from the BBC’s Television Service in 1951 and 1954, Twenty Questions never made it to the TV screen because of a dispute with Winnick over rights (see below). 5