Top PDF Role of Pharmacology in self medication practices among undergraduate medical students in a medical college and hospital in North India

Role of Pharmacology in self medication practices among undergraduate medical students in a medical college and hospital in North India

Role of Pharmacology in self medication practices among undergraduate medical students in a medical college and hospital in North India

authorities etc. In today’s tech savvy era, Internet comes in handy to get information regarding use of drugs for common day to day ailments. Inappropriate use of these drugs can bring about a brief symptomatic relief but in the long term, may hinder the correct diagnosis, undermine the contraindications and warnings of drug use, leading to development of resistance as seen with antibiotics, or many adverse effects. 2,3,5 In a study conducted by Verma ,antibiotic resistance was found to be the biggest hurdle in fighting bacterial infections and self medication was the major factor behind this. 2
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PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE AND TEACHING HOSPITAL

PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS OF GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE AND TEACHING HOSPITAL

Since majority of the above mentioned studies were conducted outside India so the exact pattern of SM practices in our country remained unidentified. With respect to this the present study was conducted to see the pattern of SM practices, to find out the common complains and common drugs used, reasons for SM along with establishing a relationship between the level of medical knowledge and the SM practices among medical undergraduates.

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Self-Medication Practices of Undergraduate College Students: Non-Medical Prescriptive Stimulant Use

Self-Medication Practices of Undergraduate College Students: Non-Medical Prescriptive Stimulant Use

use of prescription use, 4.1% reported use non-medical use in the past year and 2.1% reported in the past month. Analysis of individual college proposed that non-prescription stimulant use ranged from zero to 25%. Overall multivariate regression analysis findings indicated an increase of non-medical prescription use among college students that were male, white, were members of fraternities or sororities, attended colleges in the north- eastern region of the US and colleges with high admission standards. Regardless of high admission standards, rates were also higher among students that earned lower grade point averages. Furthermore, users were more likely to report the use of marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, ecstasy and cocaine. There is a probability that this study underestimated the amount on non-prescription use among college students due to limiting the questionnaire to three stimulants (e.g. Ritalin, Adderall and Dexedrine). McCabe and colleagues did not examine the use of other stimulants such as Concerta, Focalin, Focalin XR, Metadate CD/ER, Methylin, Vyvanse and Daytrana. Furthermore, the survey was limited to 4-year college universities so that students attending a 2-year college program were excluded from the sample population. Although results were not generalized to the entire college population and were limited to self report, the suggested increase of non-prescription stimulant use among particular demographics were comparable to other surveys.
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Self-Medication Practices of Undergraduate College Students: Non-Medical Prescriptive Stimulant Use

Self-Medication Practices of Undergraduate College Students: Non-Medical Prescriptive Stimulant Use

use of prescription use, 4.1% reported use non-medical use in the past year and 2.1% reported in the past month. Analysis of individual college proposed that non-prescription stimulant use ranged from zero to 25%. Overall multivariate regression analysis findings indicated an increase of non-medical prescription use among college students that were male, white, were members of fraternities or sororities, attended colleges in the north- eastern region of the US and colleges with high admission standards. Regardless of high admission standards, rates were also higher among students that earned lower grade point averages. Furthermore, users were more likely to report the use of marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, ecstasy and cocaine. There is a probability that this study underestimated the amount on non-prescription use among college students due to limiting the questionnaire to three stimulants (e.g. Ritalin, Adderall and Dexedrine). McCabe and colleagues did not examine the use of other stimulants such as Concerta, Focalin, Focalin XR, Metadate CD/ER, Methylin, Vyvanse and Daytrana. Furthermore, the survey was limited to 4-year college universities so that students attending a 2-year college program were excluded from the sample population. Although results were not generalized to the entire college population and were limited to self report, the suggested increase of non-prescription stimulant use among particular demographics were comparable to other surveys.
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Self-medication practices of over the counter analgesics among first and third semester undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, Jharkhand

Self-medication practices of over the counter analgesics among first and third semester undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, Jharkhand

This study was a questionnaire based cross sectional study conducted MBBS students of RIMS Ranchi, Jharkhand. The first and fourth year students of this college were included in this study. Filled questionnaires were evaluated for their completeness and only the data from completely filled questionnaire was taken for analysis. Incompletely filled questionnaires were excluded from the study. The study was conducted in Department of Pharmacology between 1st March to 30th April 2019. The students who participated in the studies were explained about aim of the study. They were ensured about confidentiality of the information collected. A self-prepared questionnaire regarding the practice of OTC analgesic drugs were given to them. The questionnaire had questions related to practice of self-medication for any type of pain, sources of drug information, name of analgesic used with indication, reason for self-medication, frequency and duration of intake, any side effects experienced and lastly opinion about self-medication. The questionnaire was given to them during one of their lecture classes
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Self medication practices of over the counter analgesic drugs among medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Jharkhand, India

Self medication practices of over the counter analgesic drugs among medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Jharkhand, India

Regarding source of information, the most common source of information was advice from the seniors followed by books, internet, old prescriptions and media. In Saudi population, pharmacists and doctors were the most common source of information as study done by Karami et al. 12 In ACGR Government Medical College, Nellore, old prescriptions and text books were the most common source of information. 14 Similar finding was observed among undergraduate students in a medical college in Kolkata. 19 Paracetamol was the most common drug used by third and fourth year students in RIMS, Ranchi whereas in Nellore the most common analgesics used by fifth semester students was Diclofenac Sodium whereas seventh semester students used Paracetamol. 14 Among Saudi female students, total 88.3% reported use of analgesics among which 49.2% used Paracetamol. 20 In Nepal also about 82.7% adults of age group 20 and above residing in Chapapani - 12, Pokhara were using Paracetamol as OTC Analgesics. 1 Among Saudi population 73.4% used Paracetamol and 13.1% used ibuprufen 12 whereas in present study diclofenac sodium was the second most commonly used analgesic. Paracetamol is one of the most commonly used non-narcotic analgesic-antipyretic agent used with negligible anti inflammatory action. Recent evidence suggests that Paracetamol may act by inhibiting cycloxygenase 3 (COX 3) in CNS. COX 3 is involved in pain perception and fever but not in inflammation.
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Self medication among medical and dental students in tertiary care teaching hospital of Udaipur, India

Self medication among medical and dental students in tertiary care teaching hospital of Udaipur, India

Organization, “self-medication is the selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized illnesses or symptoms.” 16 Self-medication is considered a constituent of self-care. 16 People have always been keen to accept more individual responsibility for their own health status and so, self-medication has been a characteristic of the healthcare system since many years. 16,17 Self- medication has many pros and cons and it’s depend on who and what one decided to take it. 18 The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of self-medication and perception towards self-medication among the undergraduate medical and dental students of Pacific Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
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PREVALENCE OF SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG MEDICAL & ALLIED HEALTH STUDENTS IN MALAPPURAM

PREVALENCE OF SELF MEDICATION PRACTICES AMONG MEDICAL & ALLIED HEALTH STUDENTS IN MALAPPURAM

The study was conducted in Perinthalmanna, which is known as hospital city of Malabar (Northern Kerala). Perinthalmanna houses one medical college, three super speciality hospitals and numerous self-financing institutions offering para-medical courses. The cross- sectional survey was conducted for a duration of 5 months from September 2014 to January 2015. 330 undergraduate medical and paramedical students were randomly selected from various institutions and administered a pre-validated questionnaire. The sample size was estimated using Epi-Info 2002 (CI=90%; level of significance=5%). The questionnaire was structured with multiple-choice options and was designed to capture details on demography, aspects on self-medication such as reason, indications for which commonly used, knowledge, opinion etc. Informed consent was obtained from the participants which detailed the study objectives and provided assurance on the aspects of confidentiality while publication or dissemination of results. Data were analysed using SPSS 18 windows version and the results were depicted using figures and percentages. Chi-square test was used to identify association among variables.
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SELF MEDICATION AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL & PARAMEDICAL STUDENTS OF HIMS, SWAMI RAMA HIMALAYAN UNIVERSITY, DEHRADUN

SELF MEDICATION AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL & PARAMEDICAL STUDENTS OF HIMS, SWAMI RAMA HIMALAYAN UNIVERSITY, DEHRADUN

ABSTRACT AIM: To assess the pattern of self medication practices among undergraduate medical & paramedical students. MATERIAL & METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted in the Tertiary care hospital and College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand. The time period was one month and all medical and paramedical students who were enrolled in the department of Pharmacology were enrolled in the study. After explaining the purpose of the study, voluntary consent was taken from the subjects before the start of the study.Self designed Questionnaire forms were duly filled by the respondents. BACKGROUND: Self medication is a widely prevalent practice in India, with Medical students being the ones mostly seen involved in such activity as they are future medical practitioners. In a number of developing countries many drugs are dispensed over the counter without medical supervision. The objective of this study was to assess the self medication practice in common type of illnesses, and identify frequently used drugs and determinants of self medication.
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Assessment of Self-Medication Practices Among Medical, Pharmacy, and Health Science Students in Gondar University, Ethiopia

Assessment of Self-Medication Practices Among Medical, Pharmacy, and Health Science Students in Gondar University, Ethiopia

METHODOLOGY Study site: Study was carried out in GCMS, North West Ethiopia. It is the oldest health professional training institute in Ethiopia. It was established in 1954, as a Public Health College and training center. The college is a pioneer in training Health Officers, Community Nurses, Medical Laboratory Technicians, and Sanitarians. Since then, the college is expanding its scope of activities and currently it is training students in Human Medicine, Pharmacy, Nursing, Midwifery, Environmental Health, Physiotherapy, Medical Laboratory Technology, Optometry, Anesthesia and Occupational Health and Safety. The students get healthcare services mainly from the Gondar University Hospital and also from different private and governmental healthcare settings providing this service. [7]
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Self-Medication Practices among Medical Students of Allama Iqbal Medical College

Self-Medication Practices among Medical Students of Allama Iqbal Medical College

Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Self-medication is the use of medication by people without prescription, orientation or supervision of physician or dentist using their own initiative. It includes acquiring medicines without prescription, taking medication on recommendation of relatives or consuming leftover medicines already at home.

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Perceptions and practices of self-medication among undergraduate medical students at Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi, India

Perceptions and practices of self-medication among undergraduate medical students at Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi, India

Self-medication has its pros and cons. Responsible Self- medication is a convenient alternative to treat minor illness and part of self-care, whereas inappropriate Self- medication can have harmful effects. Although OTC drugs are safe and meant for Self-medication, there can be serious implications if they are used improperly due to lack of knowledge of their side effects and interactions. So, the faculties of the institute should educate the students regarding the merits and demerits of Self-medication. The present study also perceives the implementation of regulatory control on prescription and OTC sale of antibiotics. More multicentral studies need to be carried among medical students and general population at large to study various factors influencing Self-medication. These studies should be conducted on periodic basis so that they will give insight into changing pattern of drug use in society.
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Prevalence and practice of self-medication among undergraduate medical students and non-medical students in south India

Prevalence and practice of self-medication among undergraduate medical students and non-medical students in south India

CONCLUSION To conclude, there is no doubt about the role of self- medication in the healthcare services. Nevertheless, self- medication has to be within the scope and it ought to have restrictions to the kind of symptoms to be self-diagnosed and treated. The prevalence and practice of self-medication in our study was alarming in both groups. Fever, headache, cough and cold were the most common indications leading to self-medication. Antipyretics and analgesics were the most commonly used medicines for self-medication. The use of antibiotics was also found to be very high among medical students. This creates a concern over the antibiotic use among the medical students and doctors because of their medical knowledge about drugs and diseases, which could also contribute to antimicrobial resistance. It is the need of the hour to create better awareness among medical and non-medical population regarding the use of drugs for self-medication, to implement strategies and guidelines to prevent the dispensing of medicines without any prescription which would remain as the cornerstone for reducing the practice of self-medication.
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Self medication practices among medical students of a private institute

Self medication practices among medical students of a private institute

MATERIALS AND METHODS After obtaining approval from the Institutional Ethical Committee, a prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was carried out at N. K. P. Salve Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Nagpur, from January 2013 to June 2013 [IEC/NKP SIMS-84/2013]. The study was conducted on 488 medical students of all batches selected by simple random sampling. History of SM in the preceding one year from the day of study was noted. A structured and validated questionnaire was used for the study to collect information regarding age, gender, awareness of SM practice, type of drugs self-medicated, source of information. Before starting the study, it was pretested on a group of 20 students, 5 students from each batch, who were excluded from final analysis. Prior to administrating the questionnaire, the students were addressed regarding the purpose and process of data collection. They were informed that data collected would be anonymous and their participation would be voluntary. Questionnaires were distributed among the participants after taking informed consent. Data was analyzed statistically using SPSS version 18 for counts and percentage.
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Original Research Article A study of pattern of self medication practices among medical students in government medical college of Madhya Pradesh, India

Original Research Article A study of pattern of self medication practices among medical students in government medical college of Madhya Pradesh, India

Shashi Marko*, Mahesh Chandra Alawa INTRODUCTION Self medication is the use of drugs without a Doctor’s advice. Self medication is the treatment of common health problems with medicine that are taken on patient’s own initiative or on advice of a pharmacist, without professional supervision. It is now becoming a common practice in many countries mainly due to lack of access to health care, easy availability of OTC drugs in market and poor drug regulatory practices. 1 Globally the prevalence of self medication practice is inconsistent ranging from 32.5 to 81.5%. 2-4
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SELF‑MEDICATION AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN TWO UNIVERSITIES IN SYRIA

SELF‑MEDICATION AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN TWO UNIVERSITIES IN SYRIA

In addition to community pharmacies, other identified bases for drugs choosing used by the respondents for self-medication were previous doctor prescription, my own experience and Opinion of friends. These other bases for choosing drugs, apart from pharmacists, could also pose serious risks to the consumer’s health. However, in another study in Ethiopia textbooks were reported as the most common source of information 24 . Self-medication with antibiotics has been reported as 24% to 90% of university students from different regions and countries 12, 25, 28, 29 . In the present study, more than half of those self-medicated used antibiotics. This may due to the availability of antibiotics from pharmacies without prescription though they are prescription only medicines. Self- medication with antibiotics can lead to the emergence of the dangerous worldwide problem of antibiotics resistant micro-organisms. Moreover, Arzi A et al, (2010), claim that people may abuse antibiotics by using them for such wrong indications as common cold or infections of non- bacterial origin 30 .
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Self-Medication Practices with Antibiotics among Second Year Medical Students of Government Medical College, Raigarh, Chhattisgarh

Self-Medication Practices with Antibiotics among Second Year Medical Students of Government Medical College, Raigarh, Chhattisgarh

Background: Self medication practice especially using antibiotics has tremendously increased in the society that leads to unwanted consequences such as drug resistance. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the self-medication practices with antibiotics among the second year medical students of Government Medical College, Raigarh. Materials & Methods: It was a questionnaire based descriptive study. A prevalidated questionnaire, which contained both open & close ended questions were given to the second year medical students. Data were analyzed using Excel sheet & results were expressed as counts and percentages. Results: Females outnumber males in this study, 27 versus 20. The most common indication for which self-medication was opted was fever with cough and cold. The information about the antibiotic was obtained from a past prescription from a physician. The most common antibiotic that was used by most of students was azithromycin. Conclusion: There was a high level of self-medication with antibiotics in our study, but this high level of self-prescription seen is also having some disadvantages, as improper duration of use might lead to development of resistance.
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Self-medication practices among medical and nursing students in Tripura, India: a mixed-method study

Self-medication practices among medical and nursing students in Tripura, India: a mixed-method study

Nabarun Karmakar, Tamal Chakraborty*, Anjan Datta, Kaushik Nag, Shib Sekhar Datta INTRODUCTION Medication plays a vital role in health care delivery, being an important therapeutic tool in the hands of health professionals. 1 Even general people throughout world, act on their own for their health by practicing self- medication. 2 WHO defines Self- medication as selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat recognized illness or symptoms. 3 This includes acquiring medicines without prescription, resubmitting old prescriptions, sharing medicines with relatives/friends or using leftover medicines stored at home. 4-7 It also includes medication for family members, especially for children or elderly. 8
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Pharmacology education and antibiotic self medication among medical students: a cross sectional study

Pharmacology education and antibiotic self medication among medical students: a cross sectional study

publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Introduction Medical education uses a wide range of teaching meth- odologies [1]. In Sri Lanka (SL) medical students read for a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree similar to United Kingdom [2]; Pharmacology is learnt in 3rd and 4th years and includes rational pre- scribing and legal provisions involved in prescribing and dispensing [3, 4]. After obtaining the MBBS degree it is mandatory to complete a 1-year internship to obtain registration at the Medical Council. This registration provides the legal mandate to prescribe. No pharmacist can dispense prescription-only drugs without a valid prescription from a doctor. Despite these regulations, dispensing without a prescription, self-medication and prescribing by unqualified are common.
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Self-medication of sleeping pills among MBBS students in a medical college of West Bengal, India

Self-medication of sleeping pills among MBBS students in a medical college of West Bengal, India

management techniques, improved assertiveness skills, time-management strategies and counseling sections. 9 However inappropriate responses may also occur in the form of substance abuse in this adolescent period when the first initiation of substance use takes place. The encouragement by peer groups, the persuading popularity and easy availability of many such substances like alcohol, tobacco and sleeping pill drove them in the addiction world. Sedative drug use among medical students can interfere with their ability to concentrate, as well as causing excessive sleppiness, slugghisness, giddiness and poor physical coordination. They often develop dependence. 10
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