Top PDF Poverty Alleviation of Rural People through Good Governance in Bangladesh

Poverty Alleviation of Rural People through Good Governance in Bangladesh

Poverty Alleviation of Rural People through Good Governance in Bangladesh

Good government has eight major features. They are - participatory, agreement focused, responsible, clear, sensitive, efficient and effective, reasonable and comprehensive and follow the concept of law. It guarantees reducing crime and considering the unprivileged opinions in the decision-making process. For example, government may be described the way socio-economic energy is worked out in handling matters within a group. However, sense problem is increased if only the results of laughable government are considered or signs are developed with particular focus to rationalize a conceptual viewpoint. For example, one may associate government to the exercise of rights and the promotion of individual rights; some may suggest governmental participation; while some others in the name of concern for the poor and the insecure may over highlight some public signs. The Globe Standard bank describes Governance as control over State energy with focus on the economical aspect of the control. Oriental Standard bank and other International Financial Companies highlight certain components which correspond with growth, growth, and poverty. The danger in such plan motivated meaning is that it might neglect the passions, concerns and the mind of inadequate people. Probably, it is useful to intricate purpose of government by the evaluating important components of proper government. The comparison of explanations employed by Globe Standard bank, Int-Am DB, UNDP, and ADB is given in Table 3.It is also sensitive to the present and future needs of group. The fundamental elements of good governance are in below.
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Contribution of Micro Finance on Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh

Contribution of Micro Finance on Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh

The information designed in this study has been collected from various secondary sources. To express the relationship between the rural people and the MFI’s, the vital data are collected from the published report of selected sources. Moreover, other important data are collected from various books, journals, newspapers and other publications in a relation with microfinance. This study is designed by descriptive analysis based on secondary data and information. In this study I would try to follow a proper and appropriate method to collect information and analyzing them in focusing in the light of the prime objective of this study.
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Article: Poverty alleviation of destitute women and poor farmers in Barisal district of Bangladesh through beef fattening

Article: Poverty alleviation of destitute women and poor farmers in Barisal district of Bangladesh through beef fattening

Parasitism is an important limiting factor that responsible for deteriorating the health and productivity of livestock. The agro-ecological and geo-climatic conditions of Bangladesh are highly favorable for the growth and multiplication of parasites. Economically important parasitic diseases of livestock characterized by lower outputs of animal products (meat, milk, hides and skins), manure and traction, which all impact on the livelihood of small holder farmers (Perry and Randolph, 1999). The greatest losses associated with nematodal infections shows financial costs of internal parasitism are enormous (McLeod, 1995). Anthelmintics used as only effective way of controlling parasites in Bangladesh. However, as these are expensive and unavailable to farmers in rural areas. A large number of farmers involved in bull fattening just before 2-3 months of Eid-ul- Azha (muslim festival), when they sell the animals. Lugols iodine, the cheap way of increasing body weight can easily be disseminated to the rural farmers. The same effects can be illustrated for the toldimphos or butaphospen preparations. The technologies cited above, are cheap, easily transferable and would be well accepted by the rural farmers and destitute women and act as a potential means for alleviate poverty in their life. It is an easy and profitable system of beef fattening to alleviate poverty, unemployment and generate income for the rural people. Considering the above situations, the present study has improved the primary knowledge about beef fattening of cattle. Therefore, the study was designed to investigate the effect of different drugs used for beef fattening at Barisal district in Bangladesh.
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Analysis on the Role of Precision Poverty Alleviation in Promoting the Rural Governance Socialization

Analysis on the Role of Precision Poverty Alleviation in Promoting the Rural Governance Socialization

precision poverty alleviation : situation analysis , theoretical basis and practice , Li kun and Ye Xingjian trace from the rights poverty theory, the inclusive growth poverty concept, the concept of participatory poverty alleviation, and collaborative an- ti-poverty theory, trickle-down theory and pro-poor theory pointed out accurate poverty alleviation of poverty reduction concept such as, and claim that the pre- cision poverty alleviation is a pro-poor type means of poverty reduction, and al- so the cooperative multi-party participation, coordination [4]. Wang Sangui and Guo Zihao believe that “the most basic definition of precision poverty alleviation is that the poverty alleviation policies and measures should be precision at the real poor families and the population, and the various factors and obstacles leading to poverty should be fundamentally eliminated through precision assis- tance to the poor population, so as to achieve the goal of sustainable poverty al- leviation” [5]. Some scholars believe that the idea of precision poverty alleviation is an action theory, which has practical and theoretical origins and aims to lift all the poor people out of poverty by 2020 [6]. The above researches have exten- sively studied the strategies, methods, measures and other aspects of precision poverty alleviation. However, the profound impact of precision poverty allevia- tion on rural governance, development, rural areas and farmers’ ideology has not been seen in relevant literatures.
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RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A STRATEGY FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN INDIA

RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A STRATEGY FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN INDIA

Although concerted efforts have been initiated by the Government of India through several plans and measures to alleviate poverty in rural India, there still remains much more to be done to bring prosperity in the lives of the people in rural areas. At present, technology dissemination is uneven and slow in the rural areas. Good efforts of organizations developing technologies, devices and products for rural areas could not yield high success. Experiences of many countries suggest that technological development fuelled by demand has a higher dissemination rate. However, in India, technology developers for rural areas have been catering to needs (with small improvement), rather than creating demand. There is no industry linkage machinery to create demand-based-technology market for rural communities. Besides, there is also an imbalance between strategies and effective management programmes. Propagation of technology/schemes for rural development is slow and there is a lacking in wider participation of different stakeholders. An ideal approach may therefore, include the government, panchayats, village personals, researchers, industries, NGOs and private companies to not only help in reducing this imbalance, but also to have a multiplier effect on the overall economy.
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Poverty Alleviation and Beyond: A Perspective for the Poor in Bangladesh

Poverty Alleviation and Beyond: A Perspective for the Poor in Bangladesh

country’s relative world ranking. Export trade has been diversified in the recent past, easing reliance on ready made garments and through growth of industries such as pharmaceuticals and more recently, shipbuilding and electrical appliances. It is important to note however, that by and large the merits of these achievements are attributed to the fast growing private business sector. The resultant economic growth associated with the unprecedented strides made by a host of the non government organizations (NGOs) especially in rural Bangladesh have helped alleviate poverty over years. This is indicated as the proportion of people living below the poverty line fell over the last decade. This advancement of moving from below the poverty line to above the poverty line is well regarded by public and private policy bodies since this indicates an easing of the burden or sufferings of the extreme poor, also known as the poorest of the poor. However, the poverty alleviation or the easing of incidences of poverty in Bangladesh seems to be a suboptimal strategy in view of a number of concerns. Firstly, poverty line defined as $1.25 is used to identify the extreme poor people and not the poor in general. Given that a high majority of the population of the country is still poor, the poverty alleviation successes in a dynamic context may often convey misleading message as to what has been actually happening with the standard of living of the poor. This is so because many of the extreme poor who experience alleviated poverty fail to maintain the pace of improvement of their livelihood, and hence may face fluctuating living standards; in the worst case scenario of which they fall back below the poverty line for a short of prolonged span of time. There are a number of reasons why this may happen so. Secondly, poverty is often understood in terms of the money income of the poor and issues such as socio economic opportunities and the contexts in which the poor are exposed to are disregarded, although these aspects have been heavily emphasized by the group of economists led by Sen (1976, 1985, 1999). Thirdly, objectives of many of the rural advancement programmes including those promoting micro credit led by Grameen Bank could be often dubious or multifaceted. For example, micro credit programmes are known to have achieved both poverty alleviation and women empowerment in rural Bangladesh.
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Social Enterprise Development oriented Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development of Relative Poverty Groups in Rural Areas

Social Enterprise Development oriented Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development of Relative Poverty Groups in Rural Areas

The agency is a very good implementation of participatory development. Each agency is running by itself, which transforms the goal into people’s internal needs. Specifically speaking, firstly, each agency recruits its own employees whose job is to instruct its members to choose the suitable micro projects to expand their production, and organize mutual aid group in which members can help with and provide advice for each other. Then pick 4 to 7 members to form the joint guarantee group. Secondly, members can apply for loans and once the application approved by the agency, the applicant can receive the money directly. The lending principal is small amount, instalment repayment. Besides, if 5 households are jointly guaranteed for the applicant, collateral won’t be necessary. Then based on the situation of the project and repay, applicants will be rated as first, second and third rate. The higher the applicant is rated, the more he can borrow in one single loan. Thirdly, lectures and trainings have been given to farmers to teach them more about the micro-finance, basic legal knowledgeand practical skills. Forms of these lectures and trainings vary, including multimedia teaching, inviting professional technicians to give the lectures, etc.
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Caritas’ Cooperative Credit Union (CCU) in Bangladesh: A New Approach to Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development

Caritas’ Cooperative Credit Union (CCU) in Bangladesh: A New Approach to Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development

Caritas Bangladesh (CB) has been working in Bangladesh since 1971. It has seven Regional Offices in Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Dinajpur, Khulna, Mymensingh and Rajshahi and one Area Office in Sylhet. CB has its National Office in Dhaka. CB has introduced the program of CCU in 2012 in Mymensingh region replacing microfinance program which was initiated by it in 1983 and terminated in 2012 due to piling up considerable outstanding loans and portfolio risk. The prime purpose of the present paper is, thus, to evaluate the performance of CCUs in terms of increasing income and livelihoods of the rural Adivasi people as well as to check with the sustainability of the organizations. To attain these objectives, a research framework has been formulated. A survey instrument is used for collecting data through field visits in greater Mymensingh. The analyses of these data helped to achieve the study objectives.
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Impact on Quality of Life of Rural Residents in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh: Solar Technologies Interventions

Impact on Quality of Life of Rural Residents in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh: Solar Technologies Interventions

In developing countries the energy problems are both widespread and serious. Lack of access to sufficient and sustainable supplies of energy impacts around 90% of the population of many developing compelled to live without regular and good quality electricity supply. The rural population remains dependent on fuels such as animal dung, crop residues, fuel wood and charcoal to cook their daily meals. Without efficient, clean energy, people are undermined in their efforts to engage effectively in productive activities and improve their quality of life (Barnes and Floor, 1996). India is home to the largest rural population in the world with approx. 68.84% of the total population residing in rural (Census, 2011). In order to contribute to the overall development in India, access to modern energy and There is a need to bridge the access gap by expanding the fast growing population and mitigate the threat The best possible solution to the energy poverty challenges lies in the shift towards In the present scenario, the uncontrollable increase in use of non- renewable energies such as fossil fuel, oil, natural gas has led to fluctuation of demand and supply. This negative energy balance for decades has forced India to purchase energy from other countries to fulfill rgy access is an important component of poverty alleviation and an indispensable element of sustainable human development. Government of India has initiated numerous development programmes, focusing on providing sustainable energy solutions to rural ities often deprived of clean and uninterrupted energy supply for their daily energy requirements. The study entitled ‘Renewable Energy Options among Rural Households’ was conducted in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh states. The outcomes of the study provide a roadmap for future programmes promoting the use of clean, efficient and modern energy technologies, to be implemented more effectively. Findings would further benefit the primary and secondary key stakeholders involved ation of policies and regulations, promoting sale and purchase and provide financial assistance to future energy programmes meant to popularize the use of Renewable
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Good Governance and Policy Addressing Poverty Alleviation in Ukraine

Good Governance and Policy Addressing Poverty Alleviation in Ukraine

Apparently, the current political chaos is a result of post-revolutionary disunity within the Orange teams, which gave new birth to this bad governance, failure to carry out promised reforms and transformations. Obviously, if orange leaders would keep their promises at least concerning the most salient issues (overcome widespread corruption, judicial reform and other governance issues which influence directly people’s well-being) there would not be such a disorder in Ukraine. However, as radicalism of new leadership was mostly on words and papers (not in actions), the Kuchma’s regime heirs make good use of it. For instance, one of the leading promises proclaimed during the Revolution, concerned imprisonment of corruptive high-ranked officials, oligarchs is power. None of mentioned was incarcerated. Instead, there were some practices against corruptive officials at local levels, e.g. rural leadership, for whom it is quite difficult to defend themselves from state machine where judicial system is so perverted, that it defends those big businesses in power instead of people. In such a way Ukraine is fighting corruption, accumulating the quantity of indicators (e.g. “we caught 20 corruption officials in a month!”). This situation results in people’s distrust, and provides those corruption high-ranked authorities an opportunity to thrive in their miserable activities. Why did not the Orange leaders keep that promises? Probably, that would also surround the members of revolutionary parties’ rows.
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Poverty Alleviation Through Good Governance In Nigeria: An Islamic Perspective

Poverty Alleviation Through Good Governance In Nigeria: An Islamic Perspective

The verse explains that the wisdom behind making some rich and others relatively poor is to make a balance in the society. If everybody should be rich, then no one will par-take a difficult work. But in this case, the rich needs some services which he cannot afford doing himself, while the poor has to sell his labour in order to earn and solve his immediate needs. So Islam is not agitating for total eradication of poverty (which is impossible) but calls for poverty alleviation. In a similar view, it is opined that ... if everyone had the same income, no matter what, there would be little incentive to work hard, gain skills, or innovate (Torado & Smith2006). From this we can comfortably conclude that the problem of eradicating absolute poverty is one of bad news and good news at the same time. Is like a glass that may be seen as either half empty or half full. (Torado & Smith 2006). Therefore in the Islamic point of view some degree of poverty among people is inevitable, but when some segment of the Ummah (Muslim community) is living at a starvation level, it is important that absolute poverty must be attacked as a matter of priority. This therefore means that the cause of such poverty should be identified and possible remedies suggested in consistent with the spirit of the Shari’ah. (Islamic laws) This is why the paper suggests cooperation in setting up businesses to create job opportunities for our youth.
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Strategies of Beef Cattle Development Enterprise in Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Strategies of Beef Cattle Development Enterprise in Selected Areas of Bangladesh

Abstract The study is an attempt to scrutinize the existing internal and external factors, alternative strategies and priorities of the strategies applied in enhancing beef cattle agribusiness at Pabna and Sirajganj districts in Bangladesh. The primary data of the study were collected by employing various methods including survey, FGD, KII and observation. The sample size was 180 which were selected through convenience sampling technique. The following analytical tools were employed (i)designing SWOT matrix using the EFE-IFE criterion (ii) evaluation the SWOT matrix using the SPACE matrix, and (iii) designing the quantitative strategic programming matrix (QSPM). By analyzing all the factors from SWOT matrix four strategies were designed to determine the beef cattle development enterprise. The best strategy was selected by using QSPM matrix. The results reveal that IFE is 2.610, EFE is 2.438 and the total weighted score of 5.833 which indicates the potential opportunity for beef cattle development by their strengths and minimize their weaknesses. Based on the findings of the study a strategy is recommended for beef cattle development enterprise.
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ROLE OF SELF HELP GROUP IN EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN

ROLE OF SELF HELP GROUP IN EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN

Self-help groups (SHGs) play today a major role in poverty alleviation in rural India. A growing number of poor people (mostly women) in various parts of India are members of SHGs and actively engage in savings (in actual term Thrift) and credit (S/C), as well as in other activities (income generation, natural resources management, literacy, child care and nutrition, etc.). The S/C focus in the SHG is the most prominent element and offers a chance to create some control over capital. The SHG system has proven to be very relevant and effective in offering women the possibility to break gradually away from exploitation and isolation.
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The Role Of Government In Poverty Alleviation And Rural Development

The Role Of Government In Poverty Alleviation And Rural Development

The main objectives of the study are to elucidate the concept of rural development, to examine poverty alleviation programs implemented by the government and effects of such programs on rural life. Rural development aims to improve basic requirements of rural like sustainability in terms of social and environment, Provide them proper finance, jobs, pure air, clean houses, child education, hospitals and all those basic requirement which will be needed to fulfil the basic need of human being.
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Determinants of credit utilization among SACCO members in Soroti District, Uganda

Determinants of credit utilization among SACCO members in Soroti District, Uganda

Theoretical framework. The Permanent Income Theory states that people will spend money at a level consistent with their expected long term average income (Friedman, 1957). The level of expected long term income then becomes thought of as the level of “permanent” income that can be safely spent. Following the permanent income theory, an individual’s’ capital value or wealth is determined by a borrower’s assets; both physical factors such as livestock ownership, the personal attributes of the individual borrower such as education, experience, saving habit and investment planning, personality and the attributes of the economic activity of the individual such as the occupation followed or main source of income, diversified sources of income and sources of credit available to the borrower (Abdi, 2015). These factors influence household decisions to use credit. Earlier in 1949, Duesenberry posited the relative income hypothesis that the percentage of income consumed by an individual depends on his/her percentile position within the income distribution (Alvarez-Cuadrado, 2011). However, men and women have varying consumption and borrowing behavior. The differences in their social roles and norms dictate the segregation of activities by gender, where women mostly concentrate on household chores, while men undertake income generating activities (Goetz and Gupta, 1996; Mpuga, 2010). This is further exacerbated by the different power relations between men and women where the latter have limited control of assets especially land and houses that can be used as collateral for credit. Therefore, the activities in which credit is invested or used are expected to
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Reducing Water Poverty in Coastal Bangladesh: Is Rainwater Harvesting a Sustainable Solution?

Reducing Water Poverty in Coastal Bangladesh: Is Rainwater Harvesting a Sustainable Solution?

39 | P a g e The role of rainwater harvesting as factor in economic development comes in terms of reducing health care cost, saving time, and alleviates poverty. Haller and Bartram (2007) found that every US$1 investment on water supply and sanitation would provide economic return between US$5 and US$46 with the highest return in least developed countries. Most of this additional income comes from time saved by having reliable water supply near to the household. “A 2012 estimate suggests that cutting just 15 minutes off the walking time to a water source could reduce under- five child mortality by 11% and the prevalence of nutrition-depleting diarrhoea by 41%” (Harlin et al., 2015). This saved time can be used for income generating activities like small business in household, poultry farming, livestock rearing, and fisheries. These income generating activities are suitable for both men and women. Moreover, investment in water can alleviate poverty (Carter and Bevan, 2008; Hanjra and Gichuki, 2008). Besides poverty alleviation and time saving, improved safe water supply can reduce health care costs (Hunter et al., 2010:3) that can increase the economic saving of household. Deng et al., (2004) mentioned rainwater harvesting technology as strategic measure for socioeconomic development with providing crucial and effective means of alleviating poverty in semiarid regions. Additionally, improve water access of poor countries experienced 3.7% growth rate per year. The availability of clean water near to home can reduce the workload of women and saved time can spend for other productive activities like crop production (Wahal and Harti, 2012) and can take care of her health and children. Rainwater harvesting could contribute to household income improvement by improving water supply to the household (Hatibu et al., 2006). Safe water supply may provide livelihoods and entrepreneurial opportunities in various areas like services, constructions, and small businesses for poor people and it can generate high returns for local economies regarding employment creation and multiplier effects (Harlin et al., 2015).For example, drinking polluted water causes health related problems which might limit employment and income opportunities. Additionally, irrigation from rainwater harvesting is more economical than forced mode pumping of groundwater due to installation and annual operating cost of pump.
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Testing Public Expenditure and Poverty Reduction Nexus in Nigeria

Testing Public Expenditure and Poverty Reduction Nexus in Nigeria

This study examines the relationship between government expenditure and poverty level in Nigeria so as to be able to find out how expansionary public expenditure has helped in alleviating poverty. The theoretical framework and methodology of this study is based on the Keynesian macro economic framework which assumes that any increase in government expenditure has positive and significant impact on economic growth and by implication on the level of poverty. Therefore, the level of government expenditure on education (especially rural); targeted poverty alleviation; power generation and rural roads are significant in stimulating growth and reducing the poverty level. The study found out that foreign aid has no impact on poverty alleviation, the more the foreign Aid the more the level of poverty. Besides, power generation and total savings are not also significant in reducing or alleviating poverty in Nigeria. The more the expenditure on power, the more the level of poverty. Following the findings, the study therefore recommends the need for establishment of more poverty alleviation programmes and strengthening the existing ones. Further, that the rural areas should be opened up so that the rural dwellers can have access to basic needs of life.
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Social Safety Net Programmes for Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh: An Overview

Social Safety Net Programmes for Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh: An Overview

The Social Safety Net Programmes(SSNPs) are actually very significant programs in a developing country like Bangladesh. A noteworthy percentage of the people live under poverty line in Bangladesh. They are extremely weak and want provision of the government aimed at their existence. For a lot of poor people these SSNPs are the single basis of their maintenance. Though, from the outcomes of the study it seems that the opportunities of numerous poor stay unsatisfied because of some improper allocation and implementation. The poverty status of Bangladesh shows the partial success of SSNPs. Accordingly, the recommendations may help to bring changes in development and poverty alleviation arena. This will help the government to achieve the target of the poverty alleviation and also support those people who are in a
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The Effectiveness Of National Root Crop Research Institute (Nrcri) Selected Technologies In Poverty Alleviation Among Rural Households In Abia State, Nigeria

The Effectiveness Of National Root Crop Research Institute (Nrcri) Selected Technologies In Poverty Alleviation Among Rural Households In Abia State, Nigeria

variety of NEC 002 in the study are were 1.25, 1.32 and 2.00 respectively. The Duncan multiple range tests used as mean separation technique show that there is significant difference (F-ratio 22.23). This implies that there was equal level of adoption of the improved variety NEC 002 among the rural households. Table 7 show the result of ANOVA on the adoption of NRCRI technologies (improved varieties of sweet potatoes; Umu spo 1 and Umu spo 2) on the livelihood status of individual households. The result shows that the mean score on the level of adoption of improve variety of Umu spo 1 in the study area were 2.00, 2.55 and 3.00 respectively. The Duncan multiple range tests used as mean separation technique show that there is a significant difference (F-ratio 3.63). The result implies that some rural households adopted and stopped while some never adopted the variety. The results still revealed that the mean score on the level of adoption of improved variety of Umu spo 2 in the study are were 1.92, 2.57 and 3.00 respectively. The Duncan multiple range tests used as mean separation technique show that there is significant difference (F-ratio 4.61). This implies that rural farmers adoption the various improved varieties of sweet potatoes in other improve their standard of living and also they used it as a cover crop in their farms. Table 7 show the result of ANOVA on the adoption of NRCRI technologies (improved varieties of yam; white yam and yellow yam) on the livelihood status of individual households. The result shows that the mean score on the level of adoption of white yam (Dioscorea rotundata) in the study area were 1.00, 1.00 and 1.00 respectively. The Duncan multiple range tests used as mean separation technique show that there is a significant
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Self Help Group and Rural Development of Assam: It's Problems and Prospects

Self Help Group and Rural Development of Assam: It's Problems and Prospects

 It is very difficult for the individual beneficiaries to earn much from loan that would be sufficient to meet their daily requirements and save a part for the repayment of loans with interest. In many cases it is found that though most of the beneficiaries are given an amount of loan as subsidy, they are even unable or unwilling to repay the rest with interest. After a few years the accumulated debt become overburdened and it becomes difficult for those to meet the same. It is generally happened because of the lack saving habit and accumulated saving are not transformed into capital or used for repayment of loan on a regular basis  In many cases banks are not cooperative in providing credit/ subsidy to the rural poor for
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