This article explores the relationship between Security Sector Reform (SSR) and institutional transition in post-conflict countries, drawing on a case study of Kosovo. The study focuses on the institution-building of core security institutions and the role of international community in Sector Security Reform in Kosovo, reviewing the ways in which security, the rule of law and political context have been intertwined. The article first outlines the context of the international mission in Kosovo, in particular transformation of Kosovo Liberation Army through Demilitarization, Demobilization and Reintegration before proceeding to consider how the objectives, needs and constraints of international and local actors have influenced the reform of the security institutions and the security in general. Then, article explores the establishment of Kosovo Police Service and the reform process of this and other relevant security institution. In the first line, article will discusses concepts of SSR and overview an overall process of democratic transition with a main focus on security sector. After the presentation of a brief development of the SSR in Kosovo since the end of war with focus on the role of international community, article will be completed by the main findings and conclusions of this research
ABSTRACT: In this presentsituation the structural engineering sector is creating ultramodern building structures; at the same time the old structures are losing their strength with its age. This paper is going to indicate the process through which a RCC structure of aged more than 25 years can gain its previous strength. This process will provide the strength of the concrete for further 10-15 years.
2.19 The Bennett Inquiry highlighted a number of progressive black-led projects in both the statutory and voluntary sectors as examples of good practice in this area. These include the Lambo Mental Health Resource Centre (named after the late Nigerian psychiatrist, Professor Lambo), which was set up in the early 1990s in reaction to the large numbers of young black men present in psychiatric wards with nowhere to go once they had been released. The Hope Project in South London through its network of partnerships offers a wide range of culturally appropriate services from assertive outreach and visits to clients in hospitals to housing advice, and a drop-in centre that offers substantial meals to all its clients for just £1.80. The Ebony People’s Association was again set up in response to the first hand experience of the poor treatment and absence of support for black and minority ethnic patients and their families using mental health services. It is the only service of its kind in the country offering support to African Caribbean children who have parents with mental health problems.
The College's role in motivating his student became young entrepreneur is very important. It is seen from some of the discussions of the field of entrepreneurship that has been presented above. The problem is how the College parties able to perform its role properly and capable of producing scholars who are ready to entrepreneurship. The role of College party in providing a container that provides the opportunity start a business since college is important, in accordance with the opinion of Thomas Zimmerer that starting a business, it could at the time college running, but more how important is the role of the College in terms of motivating its student to incorporated in the container. Because without giving any clear picture of the benefits of entrepreneurship, then likely the students no one is motivated to deepen skills doing business.
The goal of the credit management is to maximize the performing asset and the minimization of the non- performing asset as well as ensuring the optimal point of loan and advance and their efficient management. The overall success in credit management depends on the banks credit policy, portfolio of credit, monitoring, supervision and follow-up of the loan and advance. Continuous supervision, monitoring and follow-up are highly required for ensuring the timely repayment and minimizing the default. Actually the credit portfolio not only constitutes the bank’s asset structure but also is a vital factor of the bank’s success. Only a proper credit analysis will bring to light the probability of credit loss arising out of genuine business factors and explore the possible mitigates regarding this ominous situation to put a check on it.
West Halmahera is one of the regencies in North Maluku Province. The total area of West Halmahera Regency consists of 11,623.42 KM 2 of sea area and 22,346 KM 2 of land area; the number of small islands in West Halmahera is 123 islands with details of 2 inhabited islands and 121 non-inhabited islands (Website of Halmahera Regency). The administrative area of the West Halmahera Regency covers 9 (nine) districts and 146 (one hundred and forty- six) villages. The districts mentioned are Jailolo district, South Jailolo, East Jailolo, Sahu, East Sahu, Tabaru, Ibu, South Ibu, and Loloda district. The traditional tribes in West Halmahera are Sahu, Tobaru, Wayoli, Gorap, Loloda, and Gamkonora. These tribes have long inhabited the large island of Halmahera, especially in West Halmahera. In addition to these tribes, West Halmahera is also inhabited by other ethnic groups such as Ternate, Sangihe, Makian, Papua, Ambon, Tidore, Jawa, Gorontalo, Tionghoa tribe, and many others. Each tribe has customs and traditions that reflect its cultural life. Given these conditions, West Halmahera has a wealth of traditions and cultures that are so diverse that they create a multicultural atmosphere in the community life (Barjiyah, 2015).
The civic education focuses on students’ ideological morality, and attaches more importance to the management function of institutions in practice. In reality, giving priority to maintain a stable order and regulate students’ behaviors, insti- tutions are easy to be limited to management rules for students’ behaviors, em- phasizing students’ obedience. Thus, education and management become two uncoordinated skins, as the proverb goes’ say one thing and do another’, which consequently results in the value misplacement of education. The object of in- stitutional norms should be various subjects of civic education, including de- partment organizations, teachers and students. However, the object of current institutional norms is mainly college students. The situation where institutions position the organizations or teachers outside the system of educating people causes that educational work is difficult to be carried out in full swing, and dis- harmony even occurs in ideological education because of some divergences. If institutions pursue utilitarianism in the reality, belittling the educational value of institutions consciously or unconsciously, it will be difficult to achieve the goal and effect of educating people.
Only 9.9% of all gynecologic surgeries in the public sector of the Ecuadorian capital are laparoscopies. That means that 90.1% of all gynecologic surgeries in the five most important public hospitals in the Ecuadorian capital were laparotomies in the year 2008. In gynecology of public hospitals in Ecuador, the laparoscopy still is just an approach in diagnos- tics and sterilization. As the results reveal, laparoscopy already is the standard procedure in cholecystectomy. Most of the general, gynegological, and urological surgeons working in public hospitals of the Ecuadorian capital Quito obtained basic skills in laparoscopy and participated in one or more workshops of minimally invasive surgery. Anyway their daily practice is not backed up by certifications.
This paper presents the status of mushroom cultivation in Malawi. This is a developing country located in south- eastern Africa between latitudes 9˚25' South and 17˚08' South and longitudes 33˚ East and 36˚ East. Almost all the mushroom cultivators in the country are growing Pleurotus ostreatus. This species is most preferred because of its easiness to cultivate using the low-cost cultivation method being practiced in the country. On average, the annual P. ostreatus production is estimated at 240 kg per grower. Mushroom cultivators are selling their produce at prices ranging from MK800 (USD2.04) to MK2000 (USD5.10) per kg. At present, there are four institutions that are producing spawn namely Bunda College (Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural resources), Bvumbwe Agricultural Research Station, Natural Resources College and the Biology Department at Chancellor College, University of Malawi. Currently, a total of about 1307 bottles (330 ml each) of P. ostreatus spawn are sold by these four spawn producers per month. Mushroom cultivation is not that popular in Malawi. This may be, partly, attributed to lack of know-how and awareness on the economic, nutritive and medicinal benefits of cultivated mushrooms. Some of the major supermarkets do sell Agaricus bisporus mushrooms which are im- ported from the Republic of South Africa. They also sell Pleurotus ostreatus sourced from local cultivators.
6 can be referred also to this earthquake (the epicenter is about the same of the previous earthquake). In Figure 9 the power spectra on August 7, 2017 related to DHO, GBZ, EU1 and MCO signals collected by the CIP are reported. From Fig- ure 9, an anomaly appears on the signal radiated by the DHO transmitter, start- ing 6 - 7 days before the earthquake mentioned above; on the contrary, the pow- er spectra related to the GBZ, EU1 and MCO don’t reveal any clear disturbance. As before, the presence of anomaly only in one signal minimizes the possibility of a malfunction of the receiver. In order to exclude a possible malfunction of the DHO transmitter (the signal of which shows the anomaly) the power spectra related to this signal obtained in the same day in CRE and IT-Aq site were ex- amined. The situation is described in Figure 10, showing that there is no dis- turbance present on both the power spectra of the DHO signal.
From the European and territorial understanding of the process of globalisation and the internation- alisation of the business environment, a fact is that the enterprises are stepping into the era of increas- ing competitiveness. According to Ubreziova and horska (2003), only those are successful, who are well prepared and use the opportunity to achieve competitive advantages. Bielik (2004) is considering the Slovak economy to be an open economy with a small internal trade. Therefore, the effectiveness of the Slovak economy, especially of the agricultural sector, is sensitive to the external environment, i.e. to the global trends in the world economy and to the development of the European Economic Area.
The present study was aimed to evaluate the knowledge of community pharmacists in the management of constipation in adult. The study included 103 community pharmacists, who met the inclusion criteria. The study result revealed (a) Constipation was more prevalent in older adult with the age group of 50 - 60 years; (b) Deficiencies in obtaining basis information such as medication history, medical history, food & fluid intake, pregnancy & lactation, associated symptoms and previous treatment attempts; (c) Lack of knowledge in red flag symptoms which require expert medical intervention; (d) Lack of knowledge in non-pharmacological treatment such as increase fiber in diet, adequate fluid intake and exercise; (e) Lack of knowledge in counseling the patient about diet related modification, physical exercise and to seek medical expert in case of failure of OTC drug treatment. Regular refresher courses have to be conducted by pharmacy colleges to educate community pharmacists to upgrade the knowledge in the disease management.
The importance of leadership has been realized by the management owing to various revelations brought out by different researchers in various related fields of management. The present study is conducted in Government General Hospital and Indo National Limited in Nellore district. The objective of the study is to examine the views of the employees on leadership, an ideal leader and leadership qualities. The study is mainly based on primary data collected from the employees of Government General Hospital and Indo National Limited in Nellore district, by making personal visits through a schedule prepared for this purpose. The present study confines to doctors, managers, assistant officers and clerical staff employees. The data collected through the schedules from primary source have been processed and the results obtained by employing appropriate statistical tool like percentage It is found that ‘guiding’ is the preferred meaning for the leadership; ‘father’ was preferred as leader; the desirable quality of a leader is knowledge and undesirable quality of a leader is pride.
showed satisfactory sterilization activity against E. coli and inhibited the growth of S. aureus and E. coli. The antibacterial activity of the Ag NPs involved a species-specific mechanism of upregulation of several antioxidant genes as well as genes coding for metal transport, metal reduction, and ATPase pumps. Therefore, the antibacterial mechanism of Ag NPs is related to the exhaustion of antioxidant capacity. In addition, the interactions of gold–superparamagnetic iron oxide NPs with bacterial proteins through a strong affinity for disulfide bonds were analyzed and were found to affect the metabolism and redox systems of bacterial cells. In addition, the NPs were found to attack the potential protein fucoidan to disrupt the integrity of the cell membrane, which is an important factor in maintaining cell morphology and controlling the transport of ions and molecules across the membrane. 132 Many studies
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