Top PDF Regional disparities in Andhra Pradesh, India

Regional disparities in Andhra Pradesh, India

Regional disparities in Andhra Pradesh, India

Faster growth in the non-agricultural sector compared with the agricultural sector for an extended period and the concentration of the service sector in core cities has resulted in increased regional disparities in income between core (urban centers) and periphery (rural). Urbanization is higher in Telangana (31% of the population lives in urban areas in Telangana including Hyderabad), followed by Coastal Andhra (25%) and Rayalaseema (23%) (Table 1). Districts surrounding the large urban center of Hyderabad in Telangana region are experiencing exponential growth in per capita income from the non-agricultural sector due to a fast-growing urban population, in part stimulated by a ‘home market effect’ (Reddy, 2011). However, the high growth of Hyderabad (the core region) is not sufficient to increase per capita incomes of the remote peripheral districts, namely Adilabad, Nizamabad and Karimnagar within Telangana. Per capita income in Coastal Andhra is higher than Telangana (excluding Hyderabad), but the Telangana region has shown faster growth since 1999 due to the spread effects of Hyderabad (Figure 2). Rayalaseema region is far behind both the coastal Andhra and Telangana regions. Per capita income is less in Rayalaseema where there is no ‘home market effect’ due to less population density, lower productivity agriculture and less purchasing power, and no large urban centre to support economic activity.
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Regional Disparities in Poverty and Education in India

Regional Disparities in Poverty and Education in India

Various studies proved that there is a strong correlation between poverty and education and many more international studies revealed that improvement in education reducing poverty resulted in regional balanced development. This paper aims to analyze the regional disparities in reducing poverty and increase in literacy (education) in India with the emphasis on State wise analysis. The elasticity concept has used to study the relationship between poverty reduction and educational advancement in the name of “education elasticity of poverty”. Education elasticity of poverty is the change in poverty due to the change in education. There are various indicators available for measuring poverty and education but among those the most sensitive indicators poverty ratio (Headcount Ratio) and literacy rate have chosen for this analysis. The equation for education elasticity of poverty model is
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Diversity of Actinobacteria in Gilakaladindi Mangrove Ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, India

Diversity of Actinobacteria in Gilakaladindi Mangrove Ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, India

Diverse Streptomycetes spp. were isolated from Gilakaladindi mangrove habitats of Andhra Pradesh by combining pre-treatment technique with suitable culture media supplemented with antibacterial and antifungal antibiotics. The potent isolates were characterized up to species level by polyphasic taxonomy. The strains isolated were capable of synthesizing good antimicrobial metabolites. Hence further studies for purification and characterization of bioactive compounds produced by the strains are in progress. This is the first report on the diversity studies of Streptomycetes spp. from Gilakaladindi mangrove ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Water Quality monitoring on Tirumala and Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Water Quality monitoring on Tirumala and Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

An attempt has been made to evaluate the water quality of supplemented and ground water in Tirumala and Tirupati, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India. The Tirumala and Tirupati are the most popular pilligramage and education areas in Andhra Pradesh. Twelve areas of Tirumala and Tirupati have been selected, where the peoples are used supplemented and groundwater for drinking purpose, and the water samples were subjected to systematic analysis with a view to understand the potability of drinking water sources. The values obtained for different parameters have been compared with the standard values given by ISI/ICMR/ WHO and the variations were notable for the parameters like electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total hardness and nitrates for few samples. Medical survey has been carried out to study the harmful effects on the society due to these four parameters at the areas - Tiruchanur, Renigunta and Karakambadi.
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The 2010 Microfinance Crisis in Andhra Pradesh, India and its Implications for Microfinance in India

The 2010 Microfinance Crisis in Andhra Pradesh, India and its Implications for Microfinance in India

This paper focuses on the trajectory of microfinance in a specific state in IndiaAndhra Pradesh (AP) – where microfinance is seen to have been greatly successful by supporters of the concept of microfinance. Two microfinance models prevail in India: one led by the government and the second by private organizations, several of which are headquartered in AP. Client and loan numbers in AP exceeded the national average. However, this did not prevent the industry from being on the brink of a crisis in 2006, of microfinance organizations being accused of using predatory practices leading to client suicides, and subsequently grinding to a screeching halt as the interests of various stakeholders clashed in 2010. On one hand it effectively shut down operations of the organizations and thus access of the poor in AP to microfinance; on the other it seemingly provided relief to clients who were being harassed by microfinance organizations and had little to no power to prevent this.
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‘Jalayagnam’ to Quench the Thirst of Farmers for Irrigation in Andhra Pradesh: Wither Regional Disparities

‘Jalayagnam’ to Quench the Thirst of Farmers for Irrigation in Andhra Pradesh: Wither Regional Disparities

02 with the agriculture year 2000-01 as the reference period, in the series. In Andhra Pradesh, the census covered all the Minor Irrigation sources, which were utilized for agricultural production having cultivable command area up to 4,942 acres or 2000 hectares. A minor irrigation scheme is identified with reference to the source of water, pattern of lift, ownership etc 4 . It enumerated inventory of all such sources (Dug Wells, Shallow Tube Well, Deep Tube Wells, Surface Flow Irrigation and Surface Lift Irrigation), both public and private, whether in use or in disuse, besides the collection of particulars relating to potential created, potential utilized and the reasons for under utilization. The information with respect to the size, type of the source and other relevant data too are collected. Therefore the Minor Irrigation Census stands as a good source to analyse the current status of minor irrigation system and existing regional disparities.
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‘Jalayagnam’ to Quench the Thirst of Farmers for Irrigation in Andhra Pradesh: Wither Regional Disparities

‘Jalayagnam’ to Quench the Thirst of Farmers for Irrigation in Andhra Pradesh: Wither Regional Disparities

The importance of irrigation in the economic development may be seen in terms of stabilization of the agricultural production, increased cropping intensity, productivity of land and labour, and production thereby leading to the growth of agriculture (see Boyce, 1987). Also, it increases the employment generation and thereby well-being of the people. In Indian context, while recognising the value of irrigation for agriculture there has been efforts in developing irrigation infrastructure since and prior to independence. Over the period, there has a been tremendous improvement in the cultivable area brought under the different irrigation sources. Nevertheless, there exist regional disparities across region/state and regions within the states where it is highly concentrated in some pockets 1 . When it comes to the state of Andhra Pradesh, fifth largest state in terms of population in India, irrigation has been a central concern and area of activity ever since its formation, however the existing regional disparities within the state in irrigation infrastructure has been of great concern and turned the attention of people, politicians and that of the intelligentsia within and outside the state. The state has not been serious towards the issues especially in the case of irrigation. It is observed from the analysis that the continuum of missing correspondence between the specific policy decision and the outcome 2 .
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Human Development and Regional Disparities in India

Human Development and Regional Disparities in India

From the results so far it seems that disparities have persisted during the decade of the 1980s (indeed these may be even worse for more recent years) and if no action is taken they are likely to increase or remain at the existing alarmingly high levels. The fact that the four bottom states, in terms of RHDI in Table 4, of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Orrisa together have 55% of all people living below the poverty line in India (Mehta and Shah, 2003) illustrates the seriousness of the problem of regional disparities and the need to deal with this problem. In a study of chronic poverty in various states in India these authors observe that “…better-off states remained relatively affluent and reduced poverty, while poorer states remained poor and made less progress in poverty reduction.” (page 492).
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INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ANDHRA PRADESH

INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ANDHRA PRADESH

Though Andhra Pradesh is improving its economic growth, the post reform period witnessed increase in regional disparities and disparities among social groups and between rural and urban areas. A broad based and inclusive growth is needed to benefit all sections of the society. Lack of inclusive growth leads to unrest among the people. The measures that raise equity also promote economic growth. Clearly, the development process in the state must become more socially and economically inclusive, to reduce exclusion, social tensions, inequality and to improve overall economic development. So, government interventions must be focused and civil society must be enlightened for the success of pro-policies, sectored interventions, targeted poverty alleviation programmes and to go beyond MDGs. The state has to learn from its five decade experience and focus on the priority areas of agriculture, health and education in social sector in the present and coming decade to achieve ‘Swarna Andhra Pradesh’, otherwise it may lag behind in achieving broad based development.
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Krishna (Dist), Andhra Pradesh, India. Krishna (Dist). Andhra Pradesh, India *

Krishna (Dist), Andhra Pradesh, India. Krishna (Dist). Andhra Pradesh, India *

The fluorides were widely distributed in nature and it has been estimated that the element fluorine in the form of fluoride constituents 0.32% of the earth’s crust 1 . Fluoride could be found in a number of minerals, of which fluorspar, cryolyte and fluorapatite are the most common 2 . Many epidemiological studies of possible adverse effects of the long-term ingestion of fluoride via drinking water have clearly indicated that fluoride primarily produces effects on skeletal tissues (bones and teeth) 3 . Skeletal fluorosis is observed when drinking water contains 3-6 mg/L. Crippling skeletal fluorosis develops where drinking water contains over 10 mg/L of fluoride 4 . In India totally 25 states have been reported as fluoride affected areas but severe problem occurred in the states of Andhra Pradesh 5 , Tamilnadu 6 , Rajasthan 7 and Madhyapradesh 9 .
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Climate Change On Saroornagar Lake, Andhra Pradesh, India

Climate Change On Saroornagar Lake, Andhra Pradesh, India

Climate change has complex effects on water supply and demand. Lakes are the natural gifts to human beings. Lakes and reservoirs serve as major water resources in India. Man is constructing reservoirs and dams to store the lake water and use it for irrigation, recreation and domestic purpose etc. Understanding the response of lakes to climate change is of great practical importance since year-to-year changes in weather patterns can influence lake water quality. The climate change alters the quality of the lakes. The changes in physico- chemical environment have direct impact on the biotic component of the water body. Saroornagar Lake is located at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Saroornagar Lake is at a ISSN: 0976-3376 Asian Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 5, Issue 7, pp. 384-388, July, 2014
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On the Compression of Reproductive Spans: the case of Andhra Pradesh in India

On the Compression of Reproductive Spans: the case of Andhra Pradesh in India

92,486 households. The survey covered 25 states from India and represents for more than 99% of the total population in India 16 . Data from Andhra Pradesh was collected between November 1998 and March 1999. In Andhra Pradesh, the survey covered 4,032 ever-married women from 3,872 households. The response rate from the households was 99.4% and women’s response rate was 98.2%. The median age of women at the time of survey was 30 years. The survey recorded the date of marriage, births (a detailed birth history) and sterilization (husband/wife) in century month codes (CMC) ‡ . The survey, however, did not provide CMC information for the consummation of first marriage. Also, NFHS-2 did not collect information about the age at menarche or menopause. This information is usually difficult to collect since many women might not accurately remember the age at which they experienced menstruation or menopause. However, the survey did ask women whether they reached menopause at the time of survey. NFHS classified women as having had reached the menopausal state on the following basis; those who reported having had reached menopause or have had a hysterectomy at survey, those who reported currently neither pregnant nor amenorrhoeic at the time of survey and those who reported that their last menstrual period occurred six or more months preceding the survey 17 . Other background characteristics of women and household were also collected at the time of survey.
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Regional Disparities in Employment and Income in Rural Andhra Pradesh, India

Regional Disparities in Employment and Income in Rural Andhra Pradesh, India

Andhra Pradesh is one of the largest states of India with more than 60 percent of the population earning their livelihood in agriculture. The paper studies regional disparities in employment, unemployment and income in Andhra Pradesh. The empirical results are based on unit level data of rural households based on employment and unemployment surveys conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation. The analysis shows that the share of agricultural workers is less in the agriculturally developed Coastal region compared with the less developed Telangana region and drought prone Rayalaseema region. The work participation rate is low and unemployment and wage rates are high in Coastal compared with Telangana and Rayalaseema due to high reservation wage rate, high per capita income and capital intensive agricultural sector in Coastal region. With the development of agriculture, there has been a simultaneous increase in demand for non- agricultural goods and services resulting in increased share of non- agricultural workers in total work force in the Coastal region. The share of self-employed is higher in both Telangana and Rayalaseema regions. Weekly wage earnings are higher for males, higher educated, and upper caste workers.
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Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India: An updated checklist

Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India: An updated checklist

Abstract: A checklist of all indigenous and naturalized trees of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh State, India was made. There are as many as 510 taxa (73 families, 252 genera) in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh State which here enumerated under family names alphabetically. The nomenclature of the taxa is updated. The popular name, trade name, tree height, vegetation type, and district-wise distribution to each taxon are provided in tabular form. Country of origin / nativity was provided for exotic species. Of the total 510 indigenous/naturalised species, 40% are distributed in a wide variety of vegetation types.
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Study of Geoinformatics for East Coast of India- Along the AP Coast (Andhra Pradesh) India

Study of Geoinformatics for East Coast of India- Along the AP Coast (Andhra Pradesh) India

The coastline of Andhra Pradesh is between the Godavari and the Krishna delta. Andhra Pradesh coast area north of the Godavari delta the coast are quite intensive and have been highly productive both from food production and economy points of view while on the other the coast has been subjected to a number of natural hazards which are quite frequent, sudden and unwarranted. The summer monsoon depressions and severe storms cause extensive loss of life, apart from severe damage to property and crops across the Andhra coast. In addition to these unwarranted events, a regular and cyclic phenomena like erosion and deposition is prevalent in many parts of the A.P. coast, the state has 900 km of coastline on the east coast of India and living mainly in fishing communities. (Guru Prasad.2013).
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The spread of the system of rice intensification in a network in Andhra Pradesh, India

The spread of the system of rice intensification in a network in Andhra Pradesh, India

Life history of SRI in Andhra Pradesh The first SRI experiment in India was carried out by organic farmers in Pondicherry after reading an article on SRI by Justin Rabenandrasana in 1999 (Rabenandrasana, 1999; Prasad, 2006). Dr Ajay Kallam, the then director and commissioner of agriculture of Andhra Pradesh discussed the issue of SRI in the Krishna district in 2000 and published an article on the topic in the monthly journal of the Department of Agriculture in 2001 (Kallam, 2001; Prasad, 2006). Influenced by a farmer’s heavily tilled rice plant through single seedling in a farmer’s festival, the then director of extension Dr
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Assessing the performance of Jaggery market in Andhra Pradesh state, India

Assessing the performance of Jaggery market in Andhra Pradesh state, India

io in Andhra Pradesh (2004) estimated that by 2020 per capita consumption of jaggery and khandasari is going to be 19 (2010) projected demand for sweeteners for 2015 and 2020 was 32.73 and 36.40 ggery manufacturing is an important cottage industry in sugarcane growing regions of Andhra Pradesh state, situated in southern part of India. It is worth nearly 2 billions providing employment to nearly 300 thousand mostly small and marginal relying on quick returns from jaggery. Naidu et (1986) opined that either the supply of sugarcane to the factory or the converted into jaggery mostly depends upon the prevailing prices of jaggery but not on the price ane. It is believed that a fairly better and stabilized price of jaggery is a threat to the sugar industry. .,(1998) concluded that net income realized by the raw cane sellers was more because of high 08 per ton) than the 592.30 per quintal).
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ADMINISTRATION OF TRIBAL SUB PLAN IN INDIA – A STUDY OF ANDHRA PRADESH

ADMINISTRATION OF TRIBAL SUB PLAN IN INDIA – A STUDY OF ANDHRA PRADESH

As similar to the National and International situation, tribes in Andhra Pradesh are passing through a critical transition of development process. Andhra Pradesh too has got existence of these extremities of differential transitional levels of living of hunting gathering tribes on one side and mainstream modern tribal communities, on the other. Despite these levels of transition, the strains of the painful integration were exploiting in the uneasy relation of the tribes with the state process and as well as with the main stream society. This has often resulted in a contrasting pattern of development. The tribes with these differential socio- economic and cultural compositions are facing a difficult "life situation from the very process of development initiated 'by the state over the successive years. The major sources of livelihood of tribes such as land and forest have been largely alienated from them 10 . The situation of tribals in India is different from the rest of the population in number of ways.
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The Carbon sink Decreasing in the Eastern Ghats’s of Andhra Pradesh in India

The Carbon sink Decreasing in the Eastern Ghats’s of Andhra Pradesh in India

(Fig.2.4) and ≈ 4.269x10 25 µmol m -2 s -1 (Fig.3.4) respectively. This type of phenomenon wouldn’t support in natural system in entire globe, people could involve either deforestation or Afforestation, but it can’t be in a constant state. The anthropogenic activities of deforestation, that leads to Carbon sink decreasing in the Eastern Ghat’s of Andhra Pradesh in India, especially tribal people shifting of cultivation as a catastrophic effect (Fig.1: A, B and C).

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Regional Disparities in Food Habits and Nutritional Intake in Andhra Pradesh, India

Regional Disparities in Food Habits and Nutritional Intake in Andhra Pradesh, India

REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN FOOD HABITS AND NUTRITIONAL INTAKE IN ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA REDDY, Amarender A. * Abstract. Andhra Pradesh is one of the largest states in India. The study assessed the regional disparities in Andhra Pradesh in food habits and nutritional intake in three different regions namely Coastal, Rayalaseema and Telangana in the backdrop of demand for separate Telangana state. The analysis revealed that consumption of most food items was less than the requirement in three regions. The diet was based mainly on cereals, which supplied about 74 per cent energy, 67 per cent proteins and 10 per cent fats. The share of high value commodities (vegetables, fruits, milk and meat products) in total food expenditure is much higher in Coastal compared to both Telangana and Rayalaseema regions, which shows significant differences in food habits across three regions. The expenditure elasticity for fruits, milk and meat products are much higher in all three regions, while for cereals expenditure elasticities are less. About 30 to 45 per cent of the population was undernourished across regions. Incidence of nutritional deficiency is more prevalent among the landless, scheduled caste, scheduled tribes and poor. Although it appears that, nutrient deficiency in calories, proteins and fats appears to be low in Coastal region, if we consider micro nutrient most likely that the region may be better of considering the high proportion of fruits, vegetables, milk and meat products in the diet compared to Telangana and Rayalaseema regions. Further, In Coastal region, disparities between landless and large land holders in nutrition status is much higher than Telangana and Rayalaseema regions, may be due to large proportion of agricultural labour in Coastal region. The study identifies that there is no link between production and consumption of different food items at regional level. It mostly is determined by food habits and income levels.
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