Top PDF The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes

Intuitively, promoting trusted adult support may have potential as a cost- effective primary prevention method, given the broad range of settings in which young people and adults stand to forge relationships (including home, school, youth work venues, statutory services and the wider community). However, despite the recent focus and potential of this approach, a number of outstanding issues restrict the ability of the public health community to fully endorse or implement a role for trusted adults in supporting adolescents’ health and education outcomes. Key among these issues is the lack of a clear definition on what constitutes a trusted adult for adolescents. It is also not clear what impact the presence of a trusted adult can have on adolescent outcomes due to a lack of review-level evidence and a reliance on single research studies and anecdotal evidence. 18 In addition there is not a common
Show more

29 Read more

Functional outcomes of child and adolescent oppositional defiant disorder symptoms in young adult men

Functional outcomes of child and adolescent oppositional defiant disorder symptoms in young adult men

romantic relationships, relationships with parents in young adulthood, and whether or not anyone would provide a recommendation letter for a job application. Impairments in these areas likely influence overall quality of life and overall adjustment in young adulthood markedly. When the quality of peer, romantic and parenting relationships is suboptimal, social support may be lacking. Deficits in social support appear to operate through several distinct mechanisms (Cohen, 2004) to buffer the effects of stressors on physical and mental health outcomes (Gallo, de Los Monteros & Shivpuri, 2009). As a result, youth with ODD who subsequently experience impaired interactions of the types identified in the present data are at greater risk for a variety of other poor health outcomes. In combination with the existing literature, the present results suggest that ODD is associated across the early lifespan with important functional impairments that go beyond noncompliance in the parent-child relationship.
Show more

31 Read more

Unmet Health Care Need in US Adolescents and Adult Health Outcomes

Unmet Health Care Need in US Adolescents and Adult Health Outcomes

(Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, non- Hispanic black, mixed/other); household income (deciles); and parental education (9 categories ranging from less than eight grade to postgraduate training/study). The parent interview was completed by the mother/female caregiver in 93.5% of cases. Insurance categories were defined as Medicare/Medicaid, private, prepaid health plan (eg, health maintenance organization), other, and none. To control for adolescent health status (Wave I), we used the same 5 measures used in the dependent variables (Wave IV). Wave I outcomes were defined and recorded in the same way as in Wave IV, with the exception of functional impairment, which was de fi ned as “ any dif fi culty in walking one-quarter of a mile (yes versus no) ” in Wave I and as “ any dif fi culty in moderate activities (eg, playing golf or bowling)” in Wave IV.
Show more

10 Read more

Latino Immigrant Students: Exploring the Relationship between Migration Experience and Education Outcomes

Latino Immigrant Students: Exploring the Relationship between Migration Experience and Education Outcomes

High levels of reported support have been associated with lower depressive symptomology (Brown et al., 2009; Falcón, Todorova, & Tucker, 2009; Hovey, 2000a; 2000b; Potochnick & Perreira, 2010). Existing literature suggests that family support is associated with mental health and well-being among Latino families. When people have a strong family base, they are less likely to experience depressive symptomology (Pérez, Araujo Dawson, & Suárez-Orozco, 2011). Latino youth who report more positive relationships with their parents are less likely to endorse symptoms of depression or anxiety (Potochnick et al., 2012). In a study exploring the migration experiences of adult Latino immigrants, social support acted as a buffer against depressive symptomology, with immigrants who reported higher levels of social support found to have lower levels of stress and fewer depressive symptoms (Ornelas & Perreira, 2011). Findings on Latino immigrant youth suggest that the higher students’ perceived parental and teacher support, the lower their reported internalizing symptoms (Potochnick & Perreira, 2010).
Show more

107 Read more

Adolescent Health and Adult Education and Employment: A Systematic Review

Adolescent Health and Adult Education and Employment: A Systematic Review

suggested that overall, poor health in adolescence was associated with poorer education and employment outcomes in adulthood. However, evidence was much stronger for mental health conditions than for physical health conditions, for which less evidence was available and mixed findings emerged. Compared with mental health conditions, we identified few studies investigating the long-term outcomes of physical health conditions. Age and follow-up times varied considerably across our studies, which potentially resulted in some heterogeneity in effect sizes. The majority of included studies were conducted in the United States, raising questions about the generalizability of the results internationally.
Show more

15 Read more

Descriptive epidemiology and outcomes of bone sarcomas in adolescent and young adult patients in Japan

Descriptive epidemiology and outcomes of bone sarcomas in adolescent and young adult patients in Japan

The research has been approved by the Ethic Committee of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association on March 17, 2016. This was a retrospective study carried out using data from the Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor registry; the authors were not involved in the collection of this data. Patients were informed that their data would be used for research and their data were de- identified before addition to the database. Retrieval of the data from this database occurred in an unlinked fashion. As the data had been anonymized, the Ethical Guidelines for Epidemiological Research (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan), which require ethics approval and informed consent, are not applicable to this study. Based on the Ethical Guidelines on Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan), clinicoepidemiological studies conducted on medical databases con- stitute research carried out on pre-existing material and information, that did not require any interventions or interactions with patients. For such studies, including this study, obtaining written informed consent from patients is not compulsory.
Show more

8 Read more

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol of a scoping review

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol of a scoping review

Background: Although documentation of harm towards children and young people has existed for centuries, it was not until the 1960s that it became a specific focus for health professionals. Since that time, the importance of protective social networks has become better understood. The concept of trusted adults has come into sharper focus, with children being encouraged to develop networks of dependable adults to turn to for support in times of need. While many child protection processes highlight risks to younger children, there has been less emphasis on older children. The role of trusted adults may be particularly important during adolescence, due to burgeoning independence, developing sexuality, relationship formation, and associated vulnerabilities. While important choices relating to health and education are made during this period, there is little formal evidence relating to the impact of trusted adults on such outcomes. This review therefore aims to focus on the role and influence of trusted adults for adolescents.
Show more

7 Read more

The relationship between adolescent body image and adult success outcomes

The relationship between adolescent body image and adult success outcomes

While insightful, the findings in this study are subject to some limitations. All height and weight data are self-reported. Evidence shows that women tend to underreport their weight more than males (Sherry et al., 2007). Additionally, the weight perception reported by females may also suffer from a tendency to underreport. Similar gender differences were found in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey when comparing reported to measured weight and height information (Strauss, 1999). Not only is height and weight data subject to reporting, but BMI is also a subpar indicator of body fat composition since different subpopulations may have different tissue densities. A high BMI could be mistakenly classified as overweight if it belongs to an active, muscular individual with a high, lean body mass (Daniels et al., 1997; Viner et al., 2006). While the findings of this study shed light on adolescent body perception accuracy, more research utilizing measured height and body weight comparisons are needed to fully understand adolescents’ weight perception. Another limitation of this study is the fact that interviews were conducted verbally. When asked about body weight in a verbal interview, respondents could experience a tendency to report answers that sound more pleasing or favorable.
Show more

11 Read more

Assessing the relationship between obesity and asthma in adolescent patients: a review

Assessing the relationship between obesity and asthma in adolescent patients: a review

Lung function measurements typically reported in children with asthma include forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1 ), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the ratio of these two measurements (FEV 1 /FVC). Because lung volumes vary with age, sex, and height, FEV 1 and FVC are generally reported as percent predicted values based on nomograms of healthy children. In obstructive lung diseases such as asthma, the volume of air that can be exhaled quickly from the lungs is reduced out of proportion to the total volume that can be exhaled, resulting in a reduced FEV 1 /FVC ratio. Children with asthma often have normal FEV 1 and FVC in between exacerbations, although there may be evidence of airway obstruction with FEV 1 /FVC ratios below 0.8. The data on the influence of obesity on lung function in children are somewhat conflicting. Researchers analyzed data from the Childhood Asthma Management Program (over 1000 children aged 5–12 years with asthma) to determine the effect of BMI on lung function. They found that increasing BMI was associated with increasing FEV 1 and FVC percent predicted, but reduced FEV 1 /FVC ratios were suggestive of airway obstruction. 22 Among primarily minority adolescents
Show more

11 Read more

Parental Education Matters for Adolescent Health: The Importance of Parental Education in the US

Parental Education Matters for Adolescent Health: The Importance of Parental Education in the US

and Henriques (1990) in Brazil figures that almost all the impact of maternal schooling on child height can be explained through the mother’s access to information. Alderman and Christiansen (2004) in Ethiopia also find that maternal knowledge of nutrition is an important determinant of child height. Another recent study by Block (2007) uses data from Indonesia to investigate the impact of maternal nutrition knowledge and schooling on child micronutrient intake, and finds that the effects of maternal education are partially mediated through knowledge of nutrition, and household expenditure. For a developing country, improving maternal education has extremely significant and positive effects on improving child health, since maternal education level is typically lower than paternal education level. However, in developed countries, recently, the percentage of women receiving higher education is greater than the percentage of men. Under this circumstance, the effects from parents might show a different story from developing countries.
Show more

36 Read more

The Relationship Between University Rankings And Outcomes Measurement

The Relationship Between University Rankings And Outcomes Measurement

edia ranking of universities provide a reference for students and parents in deciding which university to attend. Evidence on the importance of these rankings is mixed. McNeal (2004) argues that rankings do help students narrow the many choices that have available to them. However, Hossler and Foley (1995) find that university rankings have a small impact on the choice of university. Webster (1992) argues that although rankings published in magazines have their limitations, they provide more useful information than alternative sources of information such as accrediting agencies and most college guides. McDonough Antonio, Walpole and Perez (1998) examine who use these rankings and the types of freshman students most likely to find rankings useful in making a selection. Others argue that what the rankings really measure is the shape and preferences of the higher education market (Best in show, 2003). Some articles contend that rankings cause problems by introducing competition between universities and thwarting cooperation (Ehrenberg, 2003). Yet others argue that rankings have resulted in the creation of more elite schools than were present in earlier times (Samuelson, 2005). Certainly, an inappropriate “bad” ranking can have a significant negative economic impact on a university. Similarly an inappropriate “positive” rating can lead students to enroll in a suboptimal school. Although the evidence regarding the extent to which school rankings accurately reflect the quality of education are mixed, many schools have reallocated resources to actively enhance their rankings. Machung (1998) finds that colleges use rankings to attract students, to bring in alumni donations, to recruit faculty and administrators, and to attract potential donors.
Show more

10 Read more

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FUEL ECONOMY AND SAFETY OUTCOMES

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FUEL ECONOMY AND SAFETY OUTCOMES

Community attitude surveys suggest that concern for the environment is not bringing about a reduction in vehicle travel. According to Nilsson and Kuller (2000) 50% of all journeys within urban areas in Sweden, most of them less than 5 kilometres, are made by car, and car use is increasing. Yet 60% of Swedes perceived air pollution from transport as a serious environmental problem. Initial choice of transport might depend on attitudes, but this relationship weakens when the choice becomes habitual. No relationship between factual knowledge of the consequences of traffic pollution or of how to drive to reduce pollution and travel behaviour was found. However, knowledge of environmental impact caused by traffic was positively correlated with an attitude of environmental concern.
Show more

67 Read more

The relationship organizational health with time management between employee departments of physical education

The relationship organizational health with time management between employee departments of physical education

Results showed there is positive and significant correlation between components of innovation of health organizational and time management. People who good use of their time and follow logical rules in doing tasks and affairs, they better able to think and use their creativity to discover new things. As Hua (2007) reports that using of time management causes the growth of deduction and creative thinking and believes that people who have time management , better use of their constructor thinking in order to development of creative. So having time management can be effective in person's creativity and innovation that this issue should be considered by managers of organizations. Pathukuchi (2008) reported a significant correlation between time management and health character that described having innovations as one of characteristics of healthy personality And believes that people who have good character and because of affairs timing and optimal use of timing they also have highly creativity and innovation and always known as people who effective for the organization and to be respected by the directors.
Show more

14 Read more

The Relationship between Mother-Child Interaction and Mental Health of Adolescent Girls: The Mediating Role of Religious Identity

The Relationship between Mother-Child Interaction and Mental Health of Adolescent Girls: The Mediating Role of Religious Identity

In this regard, it can be said that the quality of the mother-child interaction in childhood and adolescence can form the basis of a child’s future with regard to cognitive and emotional development. Mother-child interactions show the mother’s parental style revealed during mutual communications between mother and child. Mother-child interactions include child acceptance, over-supporting, leniency, and child rejection. Child acceptance indicates the efficacy of mother- child relationships regarding honesty in expressing emotions, interest in entertainments and activities, child progress, and child perception as a good human. However, over-supporting, instead of conveying a sense of safety to child, creates a sense of vulnerability, the need for protection, a warning state and finally biased cognitive evaluations. Child rejection shows that the mother hates her child or does not like him or her (21). Therefore, in both over-supporting and rejection style the quality of mother-child interaction is regarded as undesirable. As the result of many studies show, different parenting styles are closely related to the formation and development of religious identity in children. Religious identity is a form of identity that refers to one’s values, beliefs, emotions, symbols, and his or her ways of thinking about a holy conception (22). It should be noted that family is the first institution that conveys values, and religious beliefs to children and as already indicated, mother plays a more effective role in forming her children's beliefs, moral values and their behavior. Therefore, as the quality of mother’s emotional, spiritual, and verbal relationship with her children increases, children
Show more

9 Read more

A Review on the Relationship Between Business Plan Learning Outcomes and Business Plan Simulation in Entrepreneurial Education

A Review on the Relationship Between Business Plan Learning Outcomes and Business Plan Simulation in Entrepreneurial Education

Business plan is central for entrepreneurship education and is the key for successful venture creations (Gruber, 2007). Most of the tasks given by lecturers for entrepreneurship education require students to prepare business plans for their business projects. Lecturers assign students with business plan models because project oriented output helps with student asessments, as well as provides structure and focus in a selected field (Honig, 2004). Preparing business plan requires understanding the business process itself because as stated by Honig, (2004), the business environment is crucial for an effective implementation of any business plan. Cook et al., (2004) agreed that a properly written business plan should be simple and a pitching session will enable students to score higher marks. Students are working independently for preparing business plan along with several hours of lectures, handout and required reading to know the mechanic of running a business. However, in doing so, the exposure to the mechanic of business process is not adequate because real business world phenomena are lacking. Thus, Mcging, (2008) suggested that experiential pedagogy can be considered for the Business Plan module involving participant centred learning, technology and guest speakers.
Show more

12 Read more

The relationship between distance students’ health risk and health-promoting behaviours, stress, strain, coping and academic outcomes

The relationship between distance students’ health risk and health-promoting behaviours, stress, strain, coping and academic outcomes

Dunne and Somerset (2004) obtained undergraduate and graduate students’ views in the UK on their perceived health needs and views on university health promotion. Students themselves reported three main reasons for health needs: adjustment to life at university, health-related lifestyle behaviours and the provision of student support services, such as dental and medical services (Dunne & Somerset, 2004). The key health issues raised by students were in relation to alcohol, drugs, healthy eating and mental health. One of the limitations of the study is that focus groups were largely held with young students under the age of 25. Despite attempts by the researchers to involve a more representative student sample, the students’ issues in the focus groups may be unlikely to represent those of mature- age students, or those studying externally. If health initiatives are created as a “top down approach” by management, participation by students may be limited (Baum, 2008). Therefore engaging students and staff together in the process of change is critical.
Show more

496 Read more

The relationship between distance students’ health risk and health-promoting behaviours, stress, strain, coping and academic outcomes

The relationship between distance students’ health risk and health-promoting behaviours, stress, strain, coping and academic outcomes

The results indicated that age did not correlate across many study variables, and little difference was found between on-campus and distance students with respect to gender. Psychological distress was a significant predictor of stress, strain and coping and academic outcomes; whereas health-promoting behaviours related more strongly with student coping. A theoretical model was developed to test which health variables best predicted student stress, strain, coping and academic outcomes. The model indicated that whilst health- promoting behaviours did not have a direct relationship with academic outcomes, they did account for a large amount of variance in student coping, mediating between student stress and strain, regardless of study mode.
Show more

15 Read more

ADULT EDUCATION IN MOZAMBIQUE: BETWEEN EXPECTATIONS AND POSSIBILITIES

ADULT EDUCATION IN MOZAMBIQUE: BETWEEN EXPECTATIONS AND POSSIBILITIES

The context of rapid changes, which characterizes the today’s societies increases social exclusion, poverty, unemployment, and the gap between the rich and the poor as well as social disintegration (Torres, 2004). This scenario has an influence in increasing frustration amongst people. The world is becoming standardized by the neoliberal culture brought by globalization promoting competition and individualism. Adult education has an important role in this context, not as a miraculous solution but as a mean to improve people’s competences, attitudes, values and awareness for their active participation in the construction and reconstruction of their lives. This is not possible in the environment of illiteracy and ignorance. The linkage between effective youth and adult education and participation in democracy and economy is of international consensus (Luís, 2012).
Show more

10 Read more

The Relationship Between Students’ Achievement in Junior Secondary Physical and Health Education and Senior Secondary Physical Education

The Relationship Between Students’ Achievement in Junior Secondary Physical and Health Education and Senior Secondary Physical Education

Abstract: This study examines the extent to which scores obtained by students at the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) in Physical and health education (PHE) conducted by Kogi State ministry of education predict the scores obtained by the same students at the senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) in Physical education (PE) conducted by National Examination Council (NECO) in Lokoja metropolis, Nigeria. The study adopted an ex-post - facto research design. One research question as well as one hypothesis guided the study. The sample size was 450 students who participated in 2013 BECE and 2016 SSCE from five senior secondary schools selected by simple random sampling technique from the total population of 32 senior secondary schools in Lokoja metropolis. The instrument used for data collection was proformatitled students’ achievement records in BECE and SSCE (SARBS). The data was analysed using Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient to answer research question and t – test of significant of relationship to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated that there was no significant relationship between scores obtained by students in physical and health education at the BECE and scores obtained by the same students in physical education at the SSCE. It was recommended among others that more physical education topics should be included in PHE curriculum and PHE teachers should be given adequate training.
Show more

5 Read more

Relationship between Physical Education and R...

Relationship between Physical Education and R...

A games is an action in our lives where quest for various development accomplished through the all out examination of Neuro – strong co-appointment. In this advanced period, we can see that every single individual straightforwardly or in a roundabout way identified with sports. Current Physical Education usually known as there is sports where quest for discipline uninhibitedly shaped, for example, natural, social and physical sciences [2]. Over a decades, the general public by and large has understood the requirement for staying in shape and wellbeing through sorted out physical movement program. Logical proof has made with a reasonable and that except if man connects with himself in sorted out vigourous physical action program. The genuine advantages would not come. Numerous analysts emphatically bolster the ordinary activities causes one to keep a solid and sound and to anticipate cardio vascular maladies. Physically fit individual, heart thumps at a lower rate and siphons more blood per beat very still. Because of customary activities and person's ability to utilize oxygen is expanded efficiently vitality creation relies upon interior substance or metabolic change [3].
Show more

5 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...