Top PDF The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent health and education outcomes

• Youth fearful of ‘opening up’. • Youth feeling indebted to adult figure. Conclusion Given potential benefits observed in a broad range of settings, there is merit to pursuing wider adoption of the trusted adult role among adolescents in Scotland. One of the pitfalls surrounding this approach, however, relates to the definition and understanding of the role. It is trivial to simply state that adolescents should have a trusted adult, yet without full comprehension of what this role entails, and how to implement it, there is a danger that young people could find themselves within a tokenistic relationship. Based on the retrieved evidence, tokenistic relationships may have minimal positive impact and risks worsening outcomes in certain circumstances, especially for those who have been let down by adults in the past.
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How do early-life adverse childhood experiences mediate the relationship between childhood socioeconomic conditions and adolescent health outcomes in the UK?

How do early-life adverse childhood experiences mediate the relationship between childhood socioeconomic conditions and adolescent health outcomes in the UK?

We also know that there are stark inequalities in most child health outcomes 13 and that childhood SECs are a fundamental cause of health inequalities, important in explaining variation in outcomes across the life course. 6 Returning to our logic model in figure 1, several studies have suggested a causal impact of ACEs on health across the life course with effects that persist even after adjustment for measures of SECs. 4 17–20 The question then fol- lows as to how ACEs mediate the association between SECs and adverse outcomes in adolescence. To our knowledge, this is the first study to address this question. A recent study using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) showed that most of the individual ACEs were associated with lower educational attainment, and there was attenuation of many of the ACEs associations with health and education outcomes after adjusting for SECs, particularly for education. While the study did not undertake formal mediation analysis, these results also suggest a role for ACEs in mediating child health inequalities. 11 Another recent publication also using the ALSPAC cohort investigated clustering of ACEs and whether this is predicted by poverty. Poverty was strongly associated with all adversity clusters and more strongly related to the multi- ple adversity cluster, leading the authors to conclude that poverty alleviation may be a critical element of ACEs reduction. 42
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The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol of a scoping review

The relationship between a trusted adult and adolescent outcomes: a protocol of a scoping review

A numerical summary and thematic analysis of the re- sults will be conducted. The numerical summary will provide an overview of the included studies. The the- matic analysis of qualitative data will include a mind- mapping approach [24] to plot, in diagrammatic form, associations and links between individual study findings. Such representation, with the trusted adult and adoles- cent as central figures, can help to show connections (and in this case, potential means of support) previously not apparent in purely written formats [24]. This will as- sist in giving an indicative synthesis of the review find- ings and help to develop an initial framework that may suggest the pathways through which the presence of a trusted adult can impact on adolescent outcomes. This framework would be further developed in a workshop- style consultation with key stakeholders (e.g. field ex- perts, adolescents, teachers) to ensure relevance to prac- tice and policy. A group of interested key stakeholders has already been identified through the liaison efforts of the review team. It is anticipated that their input will provide a basis through which initial review analysis and findings might be linked to, for example, guidance for trusted adult interventions. We would also aim to pro- duce a user-friendly evidence map [25] in the form of a Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria
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The relationship between adolescent body image and adult success outcomes

The relationship between adolescent body image and adult success outcomes

RESULTS Table V lists results from binary logistic regression. The dependent variable measures whether perception aligns with BMI category, assuming a value of one if they are discordant and zero if they are concordant. Age, being overweight, school enrollment, gender and residence are significant. By taking the exponential of the coefficient, the estimate can then be interpreted as the impact of the independent variable on the log-odds. Using this simple conversion, results show that males have a higher probably of discordant perception as do those who are overweight and enrolled in school. Older respondents are less likely to be discordant suggesting that ability to assess one’s weight increases with age. Estimates also test whether urban, rural and suburban residence impacts weight discordance. Compared to the urban reference category, suburban residents appear more like to view their weight inaccurately. These results provide some insight into adolescent body perception, but do not provide information into the type of weight discordance. Therefore, the second set of results, listed in Table VI, include a multinomial logistic model. The dependent variable assumes a value of one for overestimation, zero for accurate estimation and negative one for underestimation. Accurate weight estimation serves as the reference category. Results are relatively consistent with those presented above. Age, overweight, school enrollment, gender and residence continue to be deterministic, but black and Hispanic also emerge as significant. Coefficients model the probability of over and underestimating body weight relative to accurately estimating—the reference category.The exponential of the estimate represents the impact of the independent variable on the log-odds of under or over estimating their body weight.
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Adolescent Connectedness and Adult Health Outcomes

Adolescent Connectedness and Adult Health Outcomes

behaviors or experience adverse events that contribute to poor health outcomes and diminished life opportunities. 1–3 For example, a robust body of literature has linked adverse experiences in adolescence to mental health issues, violence victimization and perpetration, risky sexual behaviors, and substance use in adulthood. 4–7 Preventing negative trajectories spurred by adolescent health risk behaviors and experiences is particularly important given their prevalence. Data from the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey indicate that in the previous year, 17.2% of US high school students have seriously considered attempting suicide, and 19.0% have been bullied on school property. Lifetime, 9.7% have had $ 4 sex partners, and 14.0% have misused prescription pain medicine. 8 However, adolescence is not solely characterized by risk. Researchers have identified protective factors at multiple levels of the social ecology that either directly promote positive outcomes or buffer the negative effects of risk factors. 9 Family and school connectedness, referring to a sense of caring, support, and belonging to family and school, respectively, are 2 such factors for which evidence is particularly strong. 10 A seminal analysis by Resnick et al 11 using Wave I of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) demonstrated protective associations between these types of connectedness and adolescent outcomes related to mental health, violence, sexual behavior, and substance use. Over the past 2 decades, protective relationships between family and school connectedness and multiple adolescent health outcomes have been replicated in numerous
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Adolescent Health and Adult Education and Employment: A Systematic Review

Adolescent Health and Adult Education and Employment: A Systematic Review

to stress, anxiety, or low self-esteem 64 which could cause or contribute to health problems, which themselves are detrimental to educational outcomes. The associations we observed here may in part be due to associations established earlier in childhood; for example, health problems in childhood may have already impaired educational attainments. However, it is important to note that the great majority of mental health disorders studied here arise predominantly in adolescence, aside from conduct disorder. 65 The generalizability of the fi ndings is compromised by the large proportion (more than half) of studies conducted in the United States. Country-level factors such as healthcare quality and access, mental health – related social stigma, disability discrimination policies, and school policies regarding access to education may influence the magnitude of association between health in adolescence and subsequent social outcomes. The fact that American studies are
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The Relationship between Health Literacy and Health Outcomes: A Mixed-Methods Study of African-American Adult Patients with Asthma

The Relationship between Health Literacy and Health Outcomes: A Mixed-Methods Study of African-American Adult Patients with Asthma

Culture is an integral part of health literacy and influences how people define health and illness, health behaviors, perception of medical treatments, and how symptoms are described (Andrulis & Brach, 2007; Kreuter & Haughton, 2006). Health communication takes place within a larger society. Societal norms and realities in the larger society are present in health care as well. Both patients and providers bring their attitudes, beliefs, experiences, and culture into patient-provider communication (Perloff et al., 2006). In the current study, participants recalled perceived discrimination inside and outside of the health care system. They also introduced the topics of race and culture when discussing patient-provider communication which indicated that their experiences of managing their asthma could not be understood apart from their racial and cultural background. Experiences of perceived discrimination negatively influenced how all participants interacted with their health care providers, yet participants with adequate print literacy used strategies such as actively building rapport with their doctors and learning about their disease to overcome their mistrust of doctors and negative
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Adolescent gender norms and adult health outcomes in the USA: a prospective cohort study.

Adolescent gender norms and adult health outcomes in the USA: a prospective cohort study.

category, as the reference. Model 3 uses the same categorical version of gender expression as model 2, but with the middle category as the reference. All models include sociodemographic controls, wave 4 gender expression, and wave 1 school-level aggregate gender expression. Migraines were assessed as a binary measure. Physical activity was reported on a scale of 0–49, to indicate the number of times in the past week an individual engaged in several types of physical activity, as asked in a series of questions (appendix). Self-rated health was assessed on a scale of 0–5. The CESD scale was measured on a scale of 0–60. CESD=Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Table 5: Association between wave 4 gender expression and several wave 4 health outcomes, female participants only (ages 24–32 years) and is strongly associated with important adult health outcomes and behaviours. Gender expression in adolescence was significantly predictive of gender expression in adulthood, both for men and for women. This trend was significant, but the effect sizes were modest, suggesting that, although gender ex- pression has stability over time, gender expression in adolescence is not necessarily deterministic of gender expression in adulthood. This finding is consistent with previous research, 24 which has suggested that scores on gender scales, such as the Bem Sex Role Inventory, can be affected by cultural change.
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The Relationship Between Health, Education, and Health Literacy: Results From the Dutch Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey

The Relationship Between Health, Education, and Health Literacy: Results From the Dutch Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey

Scale, using data from a subsample of 5,136 adults between the ages of 25 and 65 years, gathered within the context of the 2007 Dutch Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey. Linear regression analyses were used in separate models to estimate the extent to which health literacy mediates educational disparities in self-reported gen- eral health, physical health status, and mental health status as measured by the Short Form-12. Health literacy was found to partially mediate the association between low education and low self-reported health status. As such, improving health literacy may be a useful strategy for reducing disparities in health related to education, as health literacy appears to play a role in explaining the underlying mechanism driving the relationship between low level of education and poor health.
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The Relationship Between Suicide Ideation and Adult Support Among African American Adolescent Lesbians

The Relationship Between Suicide Ideation and Adult Support Among African American Adolescent Lesbians

condition or provide assistance. If adults were around, they failed to be alert enough to notice the teen's condition and step up to intervene for the teen's sake. The authors identified risk factors affiliated with suicidal thoughts as follows: being female; limited, unmet basic needs; same-gender sex; and depression. Family closeness was cited as a strong resiliency factor. The data were obtained from 879 students in Grade 11 from three neighborhoods in Brooklyn, NY, who participated in the Reach for Health study. The students self-completed a paper-and-pencil survey, either alone or in small groups, that asked them to assess suicidal behaviors. This entailed questions regarding adolescent suicide, number of suicide attempts, desire to actually kill themselves, whether they talked about their suicidal thoughts with anyone, and whether they had an actual plan to commit suicide. Fifteen percent of the students reported that they had seriously
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Examining the relationship between pubertal stage, adolescent health behaviours and stress

Examining the relationship between pubertal stage, adolescent health behaviours and stress

2000), which pose problems in the adolescent years, compromising family and social relation- ships, as well as educational progress. Delin- quent behaviour peaks during mid-adolescence, then declines to pre-adolescent levels by the mid-twenties. This increase in delinquency may reflect a ‘ maturity gap ’ between biological maturity and access to adult roles in society (Moffitt, 1996). As regards substance use, studies have shown that early-maturing adolescents, but not all off-time adolescents, have higher substance use, including alcohol, marijuana and cigarette use (Tschann et al. 1994 ; Harrell et al.
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The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Psychosocial Health in Adolescent Girls and Their Mothers

The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Psychosocial Health in Adolescent Girls and Their Mothers

Participants completed a 91-item electronic Qualtrics questionnaire as part of the larger SFG research project; 28 of which were specifically included for this study. The 20- minute questionnaire was administered during school hours at the beginning of the girls’ health/physical education class. Every girl who attended class volunteered to take the survey, which lead to 334 completed questionnaires. Prior to taking the questionnaire, a trained research assistant read the institutional review board approved script, emphasizing how responses would be kept confidential. The research assistant was also available to answer any questions the students might have had while completing the questionnaire.
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Comparison of maternal and foetal outcomes between adolescent and adult pregnancies; a descriptive cross sectional study

Comparison of maternal and foetal outcomes between adolescent and adult pregnancies; a descriptive cross sectional study

Adolescent pregnancy plays a significant role in maternal and perinatal health. Identification of the problems associated with adolescent pregnancy help to make decisions to improve reproductive health. Being the only obstetric tertiary care centre in the Southern Province of the country Teaching Hospital Mahamodara (THM) cater to a large number of mothers that include adolescent mothers as well. The aim of this study was to identify maternal and fetal outcomes of adolescent and adult pregnancies comparatively by studying the deliveries that took place at THM during a specified time period. The findings of this study could be useful to the national and regional policy makers to take steps to improve the outcome of adolescent pregnancies.
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Relationship between negative symptoms and neurocognitive functions in adolescent and adult patients with first episode schizophrenia

Relationship between negative symptoms and neurocognitive functions in adolescent and adult patients with first episode schizophrenia

Volunteers through advertising served as normal con- trols. None of the controls had a family history of men- tal disorder or a medical history of somatic or organic brain disease, cerebral trauma, severe mental retardation, or MRI evidence of structural brain abnormalities. All volunteers accepted MRI performed by experienced pro- fessional staff in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Zhejiang University using the Philips Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems Achieva 3.0T TX (Philips Healthcare, Netherlands). The system was tested for data stability before use. MRI was completed within 1 week after neuropsychological tests. The age and education level of the controls were matched to those of the patients.
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Negotiating Relationship and the Spaces Between: Building Attendance in an Adult Education Program

Negotiating Relationship and the Spaces Between: Building Attendance in an Adult Education Program

Reflections and Suggestions for Further Research Life circumstances will always take priority over attendance in educational programs. As an instructor I feel it is important for me to be flexible and supportive toward students experiencing situations that make regular attendance difficult, and I need to ensure that the classroom environment is one that invites students to reconnect once other life situations are resolved. One example that comes to mind involves a student who began a period of incarceration in October 2010. The student phoned me from the correctional institution, wondering if he could resume classroom work once the period of incarceration had ended. I was glad that this student trusted me enough to phone and cared enough about his
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Patient-Centered Education to Improve Health Outcomes of  Adult Jamaicans with Diabetes

Patient-Centered Education to Improve Health Outcomes of Adult Jamaicans with Diabetes

Methods A review of the literature was conducted to include research articles, peer-reviewed journals, meta-analysis, and systematic reviews. The strategy was guided by the PICO question using the keywords “diabetes mellitus, type 2” AND “patient engagement” OR “shared decision” OR “health literacy.” This was a comprehensive computer-assisted search for English-language articles in five electronic databases: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Line (CINAHL), PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, American College of Physicians (ACP) Journal Club, and Evidence-Based Medicine Journals. The search was restricted to journals published between 2014 and 2019, and over 400 articles relating to one or more of the keywords were found. The search was further limited to include usual care,
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Adolescent and Young Adult Male Health: A Review

Adolescent and Young Adult Male Health: A Review

normal growth and development, and the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine recommends that male geni- tal examinations be a part of adoles- cent primary care. 39,40 To that end, a clinician must be familiar with normal male genital development, be able to reassure patients and parents about normal physical examination fi ndings, and recognize, treat, and, if appropriate, refer abnormal fi ndings. Normalization is an important part of adolescent primary care, given the wide variation in onset of puberty and adolescent males ’ concerns, and frequently un- realistic beliefs, about normal penis size and shape. A European cohort study described the median onset of puberty as 11 years of age with sig- ni fi cant variation of genital growth and development. 41 For example, 14-year- olds had a mean penile length of 8 cm, with a range of 5.6 cm to 10 cm, and a mean testicular volume of 10 mL, with a range from 5 mL to 20 mL. 41 There is no predictable relationship between size of fl accid and erect penis length. 42 Other common normal pubertal con- cerns include wet dreams, erections, pubertal gynecomastia, pearly penile papules, and sebaceous cysts. Common abnormal male genital concerns include phimosis and paraphimosis, scrotal masses including hernias, hydroceles, varicoceles, spermatoceles, orchitis, and testicular neoplasms, and causes of testicular pain including torsion, torsion of a testicular or epididymal appendage, and epididymitis. Table 3 describes these fi ndings and describes initial primary care management.
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Adoption, adult attachment security, and relationship outcomes

Adoption, adult attachment security, and relationship outcomes

There is debate as to whether adoption is a risk factor for psychological problems throughout life. For instance, it has been reported that adopted persons have been over-represented in mental health facilities (Brozinsky, 1990), and there is some evidence to suggest higher depression amongst people who were adopted (Cubito & Obremski Brandon, 2000). In contrast, Borders, Penny, and Portnoy (2000) reported similarities between adopted and non-adopted persons on various measures of life satisfaction, while Collishaw, Maughan, and Pickles (1998) found no differences between adoptees and the general population in terms of psychological distress. Accordingly, it is still inconclusive whether adopted people are destined for poor adjustment generally.
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Relationship between self-esteem, social appearence anxiety, depression and anxiety in adolescent and young adult women

Relationship between self-esteem, social appearence anxiety, depression and anxiety in adolescent and young adult women

Conclusion: This research shows that depression severity has a worsening effect on social appearance anxiety and self-esteem. Economic difficulties increase social appearance anxiety. Also social appearance anxiety and self-esteem are related with each other. We think especially in countries majority with young generations such as Turkey, according to researches on relationship between these clinical entities goverments might develop individual, family, and psychosocial rehabilatiton based social programs, those positively affect the mental health of young people and help them in their future lives to become happier and healthier individuals.
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The Relationship Between Academic-Efficacy and Persistence in Adult Remedial Education: A Replication Study

The Relationship Between Academic-Efficacy and Persistence in Adult Remedial Education: A Replication Study

underpinning of academic progress that results in positive outcomes and an improved quality of life for adult learners” (Nash & Kallenbach, 2009, p.3). “Much of the literature on adult education defines persistence as the length of time adults attend a class or tutoring session, but learning may extend beyond attendance in a specific program (Comings, Parrella, Soricone, 1999, p.3). Study 1 did not establish a relationship between self-efficacy and persistence, which was surprising given the extensive agreement in the field of education that a relationship would be expected to exist. The authors wished to explore further to see if academic-efficacy might have a relationship to persistence.
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