Top PDF Road traffic safety in conjunction with in-vehicle ITS

Road traffic safety in conjunction with in-vehicle ITS

Road traffic safety in conjunction with in-vehicle ITS

Traffic accidents are an integral part of traffic activities and they appear in all forms of transportation. Most often they happen in road traffic. Road safety is influenced by various factors: man, environment and vehicle. Man is a factor in traffic safety and he can appear in traffic directly as a participant and indirectly as a teacher in the field of traffic education, an instructor in a driving school, a car manufacturer, and as a manufacturer of systems for improved road safety [3]. The environment plays an essential role, for instance the terrain in which cars and other motor vehicles drive upon is vital and relevant in accordance with road safety and migration. To ensure safe driving there must be visible road signs at intersections and crossroads. The driver must have a good vision field -- horizontally and vertically as well as outstanding peripheral vision in order to achieve safe driving. The drivers' manoeuvres and safety depend on their vehicle and natural skills. Road safety requires a good driver and a well manufactured vehicle. Therefore, on 6th August 2010, the EU [16] published Directive 2010/40/EU of the European Parliament and Council on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport. This directive is extremely important for the coordinated implementation of intelligent services in whole Europe, while allowing the EU members to freely decide on the use of intelligent safety systems within their own country. These changes are long-term and are in connection with the development of active and passive protection in vehicles.
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Study of RStudy of Road Condition & Traffic in accordance with Road Safety Case Study of NH 44oad Condition & Traffic in accordance with Road Safety Case Study of NH 44

Study of RStudy of Road Condition & Traffic in accordance with Road Safety Case Study of NH 44oad Condition & Traffic in accordance with Road Safety Case Study of NH 44

Road traffic safety refers to methods and measures for reducing the risk of a person using the road network being killed or seriously injured. The users of a road include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, their passengers, and passengers on-road public transport, mainly buses and trams. Best practice of road safety strategies focus upon the prevention of serious injury and death crashes in spite of human fallibility. Safe road design is now about providing a road environment which ensures vehicle speeds will be within the human tolerances for serious injury and death wherever conflict points exist
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Study of Causes of Accidents Due to High Vehicle Density and Road Conditions and their Remedial Actions

Study of Causes of Accidents Due to High Vehicle Density and Road Conditions and their Remedial Actions

Road traffic safety refers to methods and measures for reducing the risk of a person using the road network being killed or seriously injured. The users of a road include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, their passengers, and passengers of on-road public transport, mainly buses and trams. Best practice road safety strategies focus upon the prevention of serious injury and death crashes in spite of human fallibility. Safe road design is now about providing a road environment which ensures vehicle speeds will be within the human tolerances for serious injury and death wherever conflict points exist.
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Cataract Detection

Cataract Detection

Road traffic safety refers to methods and measures for reducing the risk of a person using the road network being killed or seriously injured. The users of a road include pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, their passengers, and passengers of on-road public transport, mainly buses and trams. Best practice road safety strategies focus upon the prevention of serious injury and death crashes in spite of human fallibility. Safe road design is now about providing a road environment which ensures vehicle speeds will be within the human tolerances for serious injury and death wherever conflict points exist.
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ABSTRACT: Vehicle dynamic safety warning system based on data fusion is researched and designed in this paper. Dynamic

ABSTRACT: Vehicle dynamic safety warning system based on data fusion is researched and designed in this paper. Dynamic

ABSTRACT: Vehicle dynamic safety warning system based on data fusion is researched and designed in this paper. Dynamic information of vehicle, road and environment can be collected in real time. By analyzing and processing these data, active safety warning information is achieved for individual vehicle on different work condition. Security characteristic parameter, road conditions and traffic meteorological information can be detected automatically by the vehicle dynamic security supervision system. Active warning and supervision of comprehensive vehicle safety performance are achieved. The warning system owns the function of data acquisition, operation, wireless data transmission, information distribution and parameter preserving. Warning information is transferred by wireless network in real time. Research work in this paper is applied to road traffic control area. This vehicle warning system is of value to removing incipient fault of running vehicle, improving reliability, rational maintaining and proper inspection.
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Comprrehensive Study On Road And Traffic Conditions On Road Safety

Comprrehensive Study On Road And Traffic Conditions On Road Safety

India is a developing country and safety of road is still in a premature stage. Accident severity is increasing in increasing order due to increasing in vehicle population. Accident leads to disablement, death, damage to health and property, social suffering and general degradation of environment. The road accident situation in India is alarming. Records show that there is one death at every 2.75 minutes because of road accidents. The high accident rate is largely attributed to the inadequacy of the highways and other main roads to meet the traffic demands, road user behaviour, vehicle defects, poor road geometrics and visibility. Road accidents inflict heavy economic loss to the country. Road Safety is necessary to reduce accident involving both human and vehicles there by making the road more safe and user friendly to traffic.
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Vehicle Safety Measures for Building a Society Free from Road Traffic Accidents

Vehicle Safety Measures for Building a Society Free from Road Traffic Accidents

(II) Safety devices incorporating electronic control technologies depend heavily on the reliability of information processing technology for their satisfactory performances. As safety devices must keep their satisfactory performances throughout service life, it is necessary to discuss how to build a system of ensuring the reliability of safety devices throughout use, including the supply of information to vehicle users concerning the maintenance of safety devices and the improvement of new technology inspections. In this connection, passenger cars to be produced from 2008 onwards are required to have an onboard diagnosis system designed to detect the deterioration of the emission gas catalyst during vehicle service life. Similar in-use precautions will be necessary for safety devices. (III) Though in widespread use, navigators and other information supply devices may distract
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Study of Traffic Volume and its Safety Measurement at Surajpole & Sevashram Road in Udaipur

Study of Traffic Volume and its Safety Measurement at Surajpole & Sevashram Road in Udaipur

It can be concluded that vehicle composition most of the vehicle in the traffic stream were motor cycles & Cars. Percentage of two wheelers is higher than other vehicle. And most important thing is that Percentage of running two wheelers by wearing helmets and not wearing helmets is almost equal. So it’s dangerous and we need to aware the public for wearing the helmet for safety purpose. After volume study as we observed that more traffic is in the peak hours i.e. in morning and evening. The area is highly trafficked therefore the cause much delay to the vehicles and travellers due to the passing of goods & passengers. Thus, the solution lies not in installation of traffic signals and increase in number of traffic police, but in constructing underpass or flyover at the MB College Chauraha.
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Accident Detection in Live Surveillance

Accident Detection in Live Surveillance

Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology Abstract- With the increase in number of vehicles in the country vehicle detection is an important in road traffic management system. Different traffic accident causes such as vehicle overspeeding, wrong way driving, collision and accident can be detected by CCTV installed on roads. The results obtained from traffic parameters can be applied for vehicle tracking, vehicle classification, parking area monitoring, road traffic monitoring and management etc. The main objective of this project is to decrease the deaths caused by accident occurring because over speeding, wrong war driving by ensuring public safety and also a building a better system for managing the traffic on the roads. The aim of this paper is to develop a system that can detect the vehicle accident which are caused by overspeeding, wrong way driving and collision detection on city roads. A prototype system is developed and tested.
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Delegations will find attached document COM(2014) 476 final - ANNEXES 1 to 2.

Delegations will find attached document COM(2014) 476 final - ANNEXES 1 to 2.

The holder of the registration certificate of the abovementioned vehicle indicated that you were driving that vehicle when the road safety related traffic offence was committed. The rel[r]

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Traffic Safety on the Roads of Republika Srpska

Traffic Safety on the Roads of Republika Srpska

For successful prevention of traffic accidents, it is necessary to determine first the causes of their occurrences, and then design an effective reaction of the society. It is a rare case that traffic accidents happen for just one cause. They are usually a result of one complex, intertwined, simultaneous effect of a number of different objective and subjective factors: causes, conditions, reasons, states, circumstances, elements, habits, attitudes, beliefs, social and biological motives and numerous other factors. These factors are not limited only to human actions and behavior, but also to some objective factors. When it comes to objective factors, various social, technical and natural factors are most commonly intertwined with each other at the same time. However, based on previous research, it can be said with certainty that the role of human factor is most important [7]. The subjective factor (man) is attributed to 80-95% of all traffic accidents, while the remaining 5-20% is an objective factor (vehicle and road).
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Development and testing of a predictive traffic safety evaluation tool for road traffic management and ITS impact assessment

Development and testing of a predictive traffic safety evaluation tool for road traffic management and ITS impact assessment

As concerns the indirect safety impacts as portrayed by the speeding behaviour of drivers in the network, the relevant KPI is calculated using equation (3), and the results, differentiated by traffic mode, are shown in Table 5. Marginal speeding rate (total time of exceedance of 50 km/h over total time of observation in vehicle-hours) reductions can be observed across the board, which can be reflected in the reduced KPI value. Considering the reduction in the total speeding duration over the entire period of observation as a pure number, however, this accounts to almost 40 hours, which is still a significant reduction, even though it may be slightly “downplayed” by the smaller KPI value reduction, which takes into account the traffic volume. As such, it can be concluded that the priority system appears to deliver better safety in terms of indirect impacts. It should be further noted that no speeding occurrences are recorded for public transport, either before or after the implementation of the system.
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Death and the Car: On (Auto)Mobility, Violence, and Injustice

Death and the Car: On (Auto)Mobility, Violence, and Injustice

All mobile bodies produce a potential for mobility violence through their movement, making violence a fundamental aspect of mobility. However, compared to other common modes of human transport, the car has proved itself an especially violent technology. The sheer scale of this violence is horrific, making automobility a relentless but spatio-temporally diffuse catastrophe. While vehicular violence impacts people from all walks of life, it is not randomly distributed. Rather, as highlighted above using the example of the United States, it is demographically, socioeconomically, modally, and geographically intensely unjustly distributed. The car is a special danger to the young and the elderly, to the poor, to people of color, and to pedestrians, cyclists and other vulnerable road users – all of whom being people who typically produce less potential for violence through their own mobility than drivers. Certainly, some of these inequalities are reflections of the prevailing socioeconomic inequalities in US society. Nonetheless, the essential problem of vehicular violence is intrinsic to and borne out of the basic physical properties of automobility. Even though a greater focus on traffic safety has arisen in the United States (and elsewhere) over the last decades leading to a decrease in total traffic deaths, the fundamental inequalities of vehicular violence have remained. Motor vehicle occupants have enjoyed the lion’s share of the benefits of improved traffic safety, while the most vulnerable road users continue to be severely threatened by everyday vehicular violence.
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TRAFFIC CONGESTION AND ITS ATTENDANT HEALTH EFFECTS ON ROAD USERS HOPES LOCALITY, COIMBATORE.

TRAFFIC CONGESTION AND ITS ATTENDANT HEALTH EFFECTS ON ROAD USERS HOPES LOCALITY, COIMBATORE.

This study focused on Traffic congestion on road users in Hopes, Coimbatore City. Data for this study were collected from primary sources, through the administration of Questionnaire and personal observation. Traffic congestion increases vehicle emissions and degrades ambient air quality, and recent studies have shown excess morbidity and mortality for drivers, commuters and individuals living near major roadways. The purpose of the study is with a view to know and examine the problem and Consequence of Hopes traffic congestion and its health effects, , Identify the ensured safety and convenience to commuters of public transport and pedestrians and offer valid suggestion and recommendations to solve the local traffic congestion. The major cause leading to traffic congestion is the high number of vehicle which was caused by the population and the development of economy. Additionally, congestion is affected by many local factors, such as segment-specific driving patterns and road type also. This study therefore recommended that, the government should encourage people to use public transport or with small size vehicles such as bicycles and make tax on private vehicles.
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The effect of road roughness on traffic speed and road safety

The effect of road roughness on traffic speed and road safety

Every day drivers, pedestrians and cyclists are faced with the hazards of the road network. As a society, we must work to limit the risks that the transportation industry and the community encounter when making their way to work, school or to visit friends and family. Transport authorities are working with communities, to provide a safer travel network, through road, rail and water safety. In Australia, vehicle travel on roads is the most popular form of transportation. Road safety is governed by three aspects: the road, the driving environment and the driver. While it is difficult to control specific conditions (e.g. weather), transport authorities can influence road and driver safety, and how each interacts with the conditions. Driver safety is targeted through licencing laws, road rules, vehicle safety improvements and driver campaigns. Road safety includes having a combination of safe road parameters including the geometry, sight distance, seal width, overtaking opportunities, pavement quality and surface conditions etc. It is in the public’s interest for Transport authorities to improve the conditions of the road network to ensure a high safety standard is provided to the community.
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1.1.2 Improving the road network as safety measure in curbing road traffic crashes Examples of road design considerations for road traffic injury and death prevention is by classifying roads and setting speed limits by their function. Some of the roads are for certain purpose. They are used by various types of vehicles with differences in speed, degree of protection and mass of vehicle. In built-up and on urban roads this often results to conflicts between the activities of motor vehicle users and pedestrians/ cyclists safety. Classifying roads functionality in the form of a “road hierarchy”, as it is known in highway engineering is important for providing safer routes and safer designs. Such a classification takes account of land use, location of crash sites, vehicle and pedestrian flows, and objectives such as speed control.
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Anatomy of Injury Severity and Fatality in  Indonesian Traffic Accidents

Anatomy of Injury Severity and Fatality in Indonesian Traffic Accidents

Abstract. There has been a steady increase in traffic accidents with major injuries in Indonesia over the last 10 years, especially those with a score higher than 3 on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS). Frontal, side, and rear collisions, as well as pedestrian impact are modes of accident that contribute to the majority of injuries or fatalities. Based on age classification, the 16-30 age group are the most vulnerable road users in Indonesia. Traffic accidents in Indonesia are dominated by motorcycles, which also contribute the highest portion of fatalities and major injuries (AIS score > 3). Most traffic accidents can be attributed to human, road and environmental, or vehicle factors. Careless driving and unruly behavior of the driver are the main causes of accidents in Indonesia. Statistical data and analyses on traffic accidents in Indonesia can be used to develop a comprehensive strategy and policy to reduce the number of fatalities and severe injuries of road accidents in Indonesia. There is a need to balance the high growth of motor vehicles with adequate infrastructure. Good driver education as well as vehicle safety and crashworthiness regulations are required in order to reduce traffic accident fatalities.
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Smart Traffic Monitoring System using Ir Sensors based on Microcontroller & GSM, GPS Technology

Smart Traffic Monitoring System using Ir Sensors based on Microcontroller & GSM, GPS Technology

To detect the real time of traffic condition. A IR sensor in this project are used because this sensor sense the that the rode is High density, low density or medium density are sense. And data will be transfer in over mobile. This IR sensor detects vehicle and also detect the emergency vehicle. Thermal radiation is emitted by all the objects in the infrared spectrum. The infrared sensor detects this type of radiation which is not visible to human eye

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2016 - Special Volume (1)

2016 - Special Volume (1)

In Malaysia, there are no particular rules on CRS usage in a passenger vehicle. Additionally, in ASEAN nations, just three countries that have specific laws requiring the usage of CRS, to be particular Brunei, Cambodia and Singapore. It is about time to introduce child restraint system regulation in Malaysia as the number of children involving in road traffic accidents are increasing yearly 3,9 . CRS has been shown to be highly

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The Federal Road Safety Corps Public Education And Road Traffic Law Enforcement: A Veritable Tool For Road Traffic Crash Control

The Federal Road Safety Corps Public Education And Road Traffic Law Enforcement: A Veritable Tool For Road Traffic Crash Control

In the first quarter durbar held in the RS12.2 Borno Sector Command on 18 th February, 2015, Stakeholders in the state (RTEAN, NURTW, NURPENG, TIPPER UNION, and KEKE-NAPEP UNION) were invited. The sector commander in his address said, road safety management is the collective responsibility of every stakeholder in the state’s transport sector. He further urged them to support the command in sensitizing their members on the dangers of dangerous driving, underage driving, overspeeding and traffic rule violation. The command will not relent on the motor park rallies on road safety management said the commander. All these are geared towards achieving FRSC vision statement which is “to reduce road traffic crashes and create Safe Motoring Environment in Nigeria.
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