Building of a safe social environment is very necessary to facilitate the raising of children by families (NHTSA, 2006). There are guidelines in safety and health program to practise safe constructionlogistics activities in Malaysia such gazetted by DOSH and city councils. However, issues in regards with safety in constructionlogistics activities are still recurring and complaints from local community still coming to city council. Hence, it is crucial to investigate more on the current guidelines that has been implemented to identify what is lacking in the safety and health program measurements taken in constructionlogistics activities so that fatalities and problem cost caused by the accidents, and also risks faced by the communities can at least be lessen, because everyone will know their responsibilities and also efforts in practising road safety.
In view of the fact that the engineering construction project physical distribution constructs scene the physical distribution cost to account for the entire project physical distribution cost the very major part, says from the function angle, may divide into the engineering construction project physical distribution the supply physical distribution (or is called the exterior physical distribution) and the scene physical distribution (or is called internal physical distribution). The supply physical distribution and in the production process circulates the work activity related, the basic activity includes: Definite resources (material, equipment and man-power) specification, supply plan, resources purchase, storage control, ex works. Scene physical distribution and in scene production process material plan, organization, direction with control related, including: The scene transportation and the delivery, the field processing, the scene operating system management, the safety equipment, the site layout, the work order's arrangement, as well as between various engineer brigades conflicts solution measure.
RFID provides construction contractors a competitive advantage since they can operate more efficient and create new business opportunities. In the food sector, the use of RFID did raise Customer safety and improves brand protection (Australian Seafood Cooperative Research Centre 2007). Currently, companies in the food sector are obliged to offer information about the point-of-origin at the point-of- sale of food once needed, forced by regulation for safety reasons. With the increasing concerns from the government and public bodies about the use of raw materials today, carbon emissions and sustainable products used inside buildings, one might consider when regulations forces construction contractors or property owners to provide information about the origin of used products in their projects and buildings. Such information can be stored locally on a RFID tag or linked to its unique code. The maintenance of buildings can be much better controlled and predicted with the use of RFID, in combination with external environmental sensors. These environmental sensors can create valuable insights in the performance of a building. RFID can minimize paper work, taking over human processes and minimizes the human effort in daily processes. Decision making can be improved since decisions are based on more and accurate data. RFID can provide the right information about the location of single products at the right time, improving this decision making processes during the realization phase of construction projects. Besides, due to the highly fragmented nature of the industry, many companies are involved during the construction process, which increases the need to exchange data and information even further. This data interchange is even more expected in the future. The data which can be obtained by RFID systems can be used for five distinguished purposes by companies and its supply chain (M. Flederus 2016). This will be visualized by use of the following pyramid.
Human resources and construction operations have insufficient concentration on safety provision and practice. Upon years safety issues has improved as construction sector showed an investment incentives and beneficial outcomes for clients and operators. Governments started to put new regulations and rules for safety practices responding to the development of construction sector. By the law enforcing, construction companies started taking safety action plans on their own sites and projects, in addition to measures for pro protections and on time protection when accidents happen at project site. No period or term of construction is free from accidents that have injuries at least, especially in civil building projects as they are less controlled than contractors building projects. To distinguish between two types of construction in safety provision, a questionnaire was developed and directed toward contractor's civil builders to answer questions on safety issues and successful safety practices. The results came in the form of recommendations that constructions sector needs to adopt safety practices and measures to keep its competency and profitability 
In most developing countries, safety consideration in construction projects delivery is not given a priority and the implementation of safetymeasures during construction is considered a burden. Enhassi et al (2008) and Idoro (2011b) also discover that in many developing countries the legislation governing occupational health and safety is significantly limited when compared with the UK. The report further states that there are rarely any special provisions for construction on workers’ safety and the general conditions for workers are often not addressed. Lee and Halpin (2003) and Idoro (2011b) also discovered that in many of the countries where safety legislation exists, the regulatory authority is weak or non-existent. Koehn, Ahmed and Jayanti (2000) and Idoro (2011b) further discovered that in developing countries injuries are often not reported and the employer only provides some form of cash compensation for an injury to the employee. This phenomenon has several implications on the construction industries of developing countries.
At present, the weak regulatory enforcement is one of the major reasons why enterprises do not pay attention to the quality of service, then strengthen supervision from the “prizes” and “corrections” in two ways. Firstly, States should incentive regulatory sectors which seriously perform their duties. When regulators complete a task very well and guarantee the quality of the cold chain logistics, the Country should give them the right kind of incentives to raise enthusiasm among government departments and meanwhile reduce regulatory abuse due to departmental interests . Secondly, superior competent sector should increased punishment to dereliction of behavior of regulatory sector and establish evaluation system of effective performance. Establishing sound as- sessment and responsibility held system of regulatory sector can introduce general people’s enthusiasm and so- cial supervision, which can reduce dereliction of behavior, and force regulatory sector supervise enterprises who providing service, maintenance fundamental interests of social and general people. Cold chain logistics quality and safety supervision in our country lacks of an effective accountability system. In china, the phenomenon of lax enforcement and impunity occur because there is no responsibility system related to dereliction of behavior. Government is failed to act like this, so it is necessary to strengthen the supervision of government regulators, strengthen accountability to press it to fulfill his supervisory duties. Increase the rewards and penalties to regu- lators, prompt law enforcement officers fulfill their duties, and prevent the occurrence of corruption and mal- feasance .
Adopting expert evaluation method to build judgments matrix, calculating the maximized eigenvalue and eigenvector of each matrix, after normalization processing, we put the eigenvec- tors which meet the demand of consistence as the weight value of each influencing factor. Using the methods of fuzzy math- ematics, comprehensive evaluation on construction traffic safety of the project has been obtained. Based on the estab- lished evaluation criterion, the influence degree of each factor can be got, according to references  ,here are the results: By adopting formula:
Contractors retained by the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure to construct improvements to Highway 29 may have to construct temporary traffic detours in order to complete such improvements. Contractors will be required to design such detours in accordance with the British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure and Transportation Association of Canada design guidelines, and to construct such detours in accordance with British Columbia Standard Specifications for Highway Construction and the Traffic Management Guidelines for Work on Roadways. These conditions also apply to temporary roads that contractors will have to construct to connect existing sections of Highway 29 with newly constructed sections. This may require that the contractors employ alternating single-lane traffic controlled by flag persons or short-duration road closures. Standard traffic control measures such as signage, road markers and flag persons will be used for guiding traffic during construction (BC Hydro 2013a).
In this paper helps to reduce the construction accidents and injuries by using the sensor based technology. It has been identified that safety management is the most important area in a construction work which ensures sound health of the workers in the construction site and also prevents occurrence of different types of hazards and accidents in a construction site. In this project, the major parameters which are considered in the safety management were discussed. The different stages of safety management have been observed and analyzed. Various accidents which are occurring in a construction site were observed and remedies that are to be taken in order to prevent these accidents were sorted out. The study shows that implementation of safetymeasures is more important than safety planning and training. In order to ensure safety, a safety engineer or officer should always be present at the construction site to inspect the implementation of safety in the sites. The management should make safety equipment’s mandatory. All the workers should be provided with personnel protection equipment’s to ensure their own safety. Proper remedies and measures should be taken in every construction site to prevent any chance of occurrence of any kind of accidents.
A safety committee has been established as a management tool to recommend improvements to our workplace safety program and to identify corrective measures needed to eliminate or control recognized safety and health hazards. The safety committee employer representatives will not exceed the amount of employee representatives.
3.1 “Construction and demolition” is defined as any physical change which involves the wrecking, taking out, removal, stripping of, or altering of a building structure or appurtenances. Appurtenances such as, but not limited to; HVAC equipment and components, piping, boilers, condensate tanks, lighting, and all building operations equipment. Boston University further defines construction as all new construction or any project that involves the removal of load bearing walls, partitions or smoke/fire walls and/or the erection of same or any work which compromises the Life Safety Code. In addition, any project which involves hazardous materials, or in the opinion of a representative of the EHS or the BU/BMC Construction Project Manager, has the potential for providing a hazard that could compromise safety, shall be considered a construction project requiring the implementation of one or more measures outlined this ConstructionSafety Program.
In general, it is presumed that the main contractor should provide the safety Gardens and procedure. "The worker's safety is the contractor's responsibility". So he should communicate and facilitate to all the workers involved. But in order to make more money contracted neglect safety guidelines thereby increasing the rate of incidents on site. The positive results which were constrained from the investigation under the general construction site group are illustrated in Table 1. Firstly, 80% of the construction site did not have slippery and muddy surfaces due to the climatic condition of the area wherein the study was conducted. Secondly, 88% of the construction site does not have worker smoking on them during the site visit. On the other hand Table 1 also depicts low scoring safety aspects under this group. Only a few numbers of sites had displayed safety sign boards and emergency contact numbers which are very important because they keep us reminding about the safetymeasures that are to be followed on the sites and also none of the construction site display emergency exit plan. This is an indication that safety standards are not followed in the majority of the construction site and also reflect top management careless towards safetymeasures. Only 12% of construction site had good housekeeping which reflects low percentage and affects other safety aspects such as the presence of naked electric cable on the ground about 72%, only 40% of construction site have clear approach roads to site and internal access, only 48% of the site had sufficient working area and 90% of the construction site did not safely store materials (store their materials on adjacent streets or sidewalk) and this is the sign of very unsafe construction sites for workers and inexperienced person entering the site. These type of storing materials is the prime cause of accidents for workers and other individuals. Only 36% of the construction site perimeters were fenced and secured, increasing the chances of accidents, especially bad housekeeping of the majority of these construction sites. We all know fire is a dangerous hazard in a construction site, unfortunately, only 2% of construction site visited had the fire extinguisher on it. These raises concern regarding the safetymeasures implemented in the construction industry as a whole.
In the economic point of view, the construction industry plays a vital role as it typically contributes 10% of a developing country. Accidents as an unplanned and unexpected occurrence, which upsets a planned sequence of work; are resulting to loss of production, injury to personnel, damage to plant and equipment and eventually interrupting production flow. Control measures as an act of limiting or making something to happen in a particular way, stop something from spreading, going out of hand or getting worse. Identify safety in construction as the process or way of protecting the health and life of those who build, operate, maintain and demolish engineering works; and others affected by those works.InHelander  analyses 739 construction fatalities that occurred in the UK. He found that fifty two per cent occurred due to falls from roofs, scaffolds and ladders. Falling objects and material were involved in 19.4% of the deaths, and transportation equipment, (e.g. excavators and dumpers) were involved in 18.5 %. Helander also found that 5 per cent of construction accidents occur during excavation work. The categories used for classifying fatal accidents were:
The ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) works by using the above principles. It measures total current on the hot side and total current on the neutral side of the circuit. They are supposed to be equal. If these two currents differ from each other by more than 5 milliamps (plus or minus 1 mA), the GFCI acts as a fast-acting circuit breaker and shuts off the electricity within 1/40 of 1 second. You can still feel this small amount of current, but it will quickly shut off.
As seen from Figure 3, 27% of respondents informed partners of safety conditions of their working environment every time; 64% of them informed partners of safety conditions of their working environment, in most cases; 6% of respondents informedpartners of safety conditions of their working environment, in few cases; and 3% of respondents have never told their working environment to their partners. Thus it can be seen that almost all miners would not only pay great attention to their own safety, but also care about safety conditions of others, and consciously inform safety conditions of their working environment to their partners.
1558 | P a g e Furthermore, the majority of the programs that do consider site safety matters utilize teaching strategies that have been criticized for being passive, boring, and not sufficiently motivating. In attempts to improve tertiary education, mobile app technologies have been applied and proved beneficial in various disciplines. Through the use of mobile devices, the proposed system creates immersive, accessible, and captivating learning environments that afford learners an experiential opportunity to acquire safety knowledge and improve their hazard-identification abilities. Mobile app is adopted as a cognitive learning platform allowing learners to examine virtual site environments, identify hazards, and perceive the direct consequences of their actions, without detrimental real-life consequences. In these mobile Worker can understand the safe way to handle any activities without any accident. In this application worker can learn a safety equipment, its safe way for handling, what to do? And what can be avoided? This can be helpful for worker to understand the safety.
"Inspection" group was ranked in the fourth position. This result indicates the importance of inspection on job site and the foreman role in providing directions of safe actions cannot be ignored. If foremen are given clear responsibilities for worker safety, and are held accountable through a performance review and reward system, the likelihood of accidents will be reduced helping to achieve greater construction productivity, and worker safety. On the contrary, over-inspection contributes to decreasing safetymeasures on job site due to extra pressure exerted by foremen on workers. "Personal protective equipments" group was ranked in fifth position. This result indicates the importance of PPE in maintaining safety and productivity. PPE can reduce the number and severity of injuries and accidents if workers are used to such tool. This result indicates that PPE doesn’t restrain movement of workers during their work; on the contrary it helps them performing their tasks safely.
Seema Unnikrishnan, Rauf Iqbal, and Anju Singh they concluded studied on Safety Management Practices in Small and Medium Enterprises in India. They developed a questionnaire and administered to 30 randomly chosen SMEs. Barriers and drivers for technology innovation and suggestions were also received from the respondent SMEs for best practices on safety issues. Authors conclude that Market competitiveness, better efficiency, less risk, and stringent laws were found to be most significant drivers; and financial constraints, lack of awareness, resistance to change, and lack of training for employees were found to be main barriers. The major contribution of the study has been awareness building on safety issues in the SMEs that participated in the project. Definition of SME
Security preparing is a basic piece of any wellbeing and wellbeing program. Security faculty and site laborers ought to be prepared to perceive and control danger, and to empower safe practices so they can work all the more cautiously and be increasingly gainful. New representatives must be advised on security issues before heading off to the worksite. All representatives ought to be given with individual defensive hardware (PPE), prepared in appropriate utilization of PPE, and acquainted with those circumstances that require its utilization. Moreover the workers or employee should be encouraged to bring forth into the consideration of the management about any issue regarding safety. Each and every accident should be reported to the site in charge no matter how small or minor it may seem. The workers should be educated about what steps were to be taken when accident happens, who will investigate the accident and how he can be informed.
individual contract hauliers who work on its behalf. This equates to approximately 2,000 drivers and vehicles. In addition, all Lafarge Tarmac Transport Supervisors are receiving FORS audit training. This will ensure that the standard can be implemented at a national level and that work can be done with the contract haulier supply chain to provide advice on the required vehicle modifications. Much of the company’s work is being co-ordinated between its Transport and Safety and Health teams, led by the new role of Transport, Safety and Health Manager. Adding this position to the business structure underlines its commitment to reducing road risk across the Lafarge Tarmac fleet. The manager’s remit includes leading on the company’s ‘Driving Safety’ initiative. This sees its transport teams from across the UK working to deliver challenging plans that continually develop logisticssafety standards by focusing on each aspect of the logistics and delivery process.