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School meals and nutritional standards (England)

School meals and nutritional standards (England)

The Resolution Foundation considered the FSM eligibility issue in a blog post published on 11 January 2018: So far all families [on Universal Credit] are entitled – because very few working families with children are in the system. Rather than massively expand or severely curtail Free School Meals the government proposes a compromise. It will broadly maintain the status quo with an earnings threshold similar to the tax credit cut off point. But doing so creates an effective £11 a week loss of income when crossing the threshold, and it takes £30 of earnings to claw it back given the UC taper. In reality relatively few will find themselves faced with this cliff-edge. However, a core tenet of UC – that it will always pay to work more – has been sacrificed. 20
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School meals and nutritional standards

School meals and nutritional standards

Research carried out in 2004 by the then Department for Education and Skills (DfES) and the Food Standards Agency showed that while schools and caterers responded positively to the standards, in practice, children and young people continued to make unhealthy choices. Statistics from the Annual Health Survey for England 2004 showed that the levels of obesity for children had risen over the previous 10 years. Ongoing concerns led to the publication in 2004 of the DfES’s guidance, Healthy Living Blueprint for Schools, and the Government’s white paper, Choosing Health: Making Healthy Choices Easier.
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School meals and nutritional standards

School meals and nutritional standards

Research carried out in 2004 by the then Department for Education and Skills (DfES) and the Food Standards Agency showed that while schools and caterers responded positively to the standards, in practice, children and young people continued to make unhealthy choices. Statistics from the Annual Health Survey for England 2004 showed that the levels of obesity for children had risen over the previous 10 years. Ongoing concerns led to the publication in 2004 of the DfES’s guidance, Healthy Living Blueprint for Schools , and the Government’s white paper,

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School meals and nutritional standards (England): Briefing Paper: Number 04195: 4 November 2016

School meals and nutritional standards (England): Briefing Paper: Number 04195: 4 November 2016

Research carried out in 2004 by the then Department for Education and Skills (DfES) and the Food Standards Agency showed that while schools and caterers responded positively to the standards, in practice, children and young people continued to make unhealthy choices. Statistics from the Annual Health Survey for England 2004 showed that the levels of obesity for children had risen over the previous 10 years. Ongoing concerns led to the publication in 2004 of the DfES’s guidance, Healthy Living Blueprint for Schools , and the Government’s white paper,

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 21 November 2017: School meals and nutritional standards (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 21 November 2017: School meals and nutritional standards (England)

Research carried out in 2004 by the then Department for Education and Skills (DfES) and the Food Standards Agency showed that while schools and caterers responded positively to the standards, in practice, children and young people continued to make unhealthy choices. Statistics from the Annual Health Survey for England 2004 showed that the levels of obesity for children had risen over the previous 10 years. Ongoing concerns led to the publication in 2004 of the DfES’s guidance, Healthy Living Blueprint for Schools , and the Government’s white paper,

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School meals and nutritional standards (England)

School meals and nutritional standards (England)

Some guidance for local authorities on the ECS is also available. Digital Economy Bill amendment During the Commons Committee Stage of the Digital Economy Bill 2016-17 , an Opposition amendment, New Clause 19, was tabled to, Kevin Brennan stated, “explicitly provide for councils to share benefit data with schools, thus allowing eligible children to be automatically enrolled to receive free school meals rather than having to apply.” 24 The Minister, Matt Hancock, spoke in favour of permitting, rather than requiring, this data sharing, and stated that existing provisions in the Bill clarified that local authorities could do this and facilitated further
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 8 February 2018: School meals and nutritional standards (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 8 February 2018: School meals and nutritional standards (England)

The Resolution Foundation considered the FSM eligibility issue in a blog post published on 11 January 2018: So far all families [on Universal Credit] are entitled – because very few working families with children are in the system. Rather than massively expand or severely curtail Free School Meals the government proposes a compromise. It will broadly maintain the status quo with an earnings threshold similar to the tax credit cut off point. But doing so creates an effective £11 a week loss of income when crossing the threshold, and it takes £30 of earnings to claw it back given the UC taper. In reality relatively few will find themselves faced with this cliff-edge. However, a core tenet of UC – that it will always pay to work more – has been sacrificed. 18
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 8 November 2018: School meals and nutritional standards (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 8 November 2018: School meals and nutritional standards (England)

The Resolution Foundation considered the FSM eligibility issue in a blog post published on 11 January 2018: So far all families [on Universal Credit] are entitled – because very few working families with children are in the system. Rather than massively expand or severely curtail Free School Meals the government proposes a compromise. It will broadly maintain the status quo with an earnings threshold similar to the tax credit cut off point. But doing so creates an effective £11 a week loss of income when crossing the threshold, and it takes £30 of earnings to claw it back given the UC taper. In reality relatively few will find themselves faced with this cliff-edge. However, a core tenet of UC – that it will always pay to work more – has been sacrificed. 20
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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 04195, 7 December 2018 : School meals and nutritional standards (England)

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 04195, 7 December 2018 : School meals and nutritional standards (England)

The Resolution Foundation considered the FSM eligibility issue in a blog post published on 11 January 2018: So far all families [on Universal Credit] are entitled – because very few working families with children are in the system. Rather than massively expand or severely curtail Free School Meals the government proposes a compromise. It will broadly maintain the status quo with an earnings threshold similar to the tax credit cut off point. But doing so creates an effective £11 a week loss of income when crossing the threshold, and it takes £30 of earnings to claw it back given the UC taper. In reality relatively few will find themselves faced with this cliff-edge. However, a core tenet of UC – that it will always pay to work more – has been sacrificed. 20
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 5 April 2018: Schools meals and nutritional standards (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 5 April 2018: Schools meals and nutritional standards (England)

The Resolution Foundation considered the FSM eligibility issue in a blog post published on 11 January 2018: So far all families [on Universal Credit] are entitled – because very few working families with children are in the system. Rather than massively expand or severely curtail Free School Meals the government proposes a compromise. It will broadly maintain the status quo with an earnings threshold similar to the tax credit cut off point. But doing so creates an effective £11 a week loss of income when crossing the threshold, and it takes £30 of earnings to claw it back given the UC taper. In reality relatively few will find themselves faced with this cliff-edge. However, a core tenet of UC – that it will always pay to work more – has been sacrificed. 20
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School Meals in Secondary Schools in England

School Meals in Secondary Schools in England

For packaged items where the weight was unlikely to differ (e.g. chocolate confectionery, canned soft drinks) the item weight was pre-printed on the inventory. Food Visibility Tool The Nutritional Standards for School Lunches stipulate that certain items from the major food groups must be available at the beginning and throughout the lunch service (see Table 1.2). The purpose of the Food Inventory was to record all food and beverages that were visible at the beginning of service. Items that were available but not visible, for example items kept hot in an oven or cool in a fridge, might not have been recorded in the Food Inventory. In order to avoid falsely recording school caterers as not meeting the nutritional standards it was necessary to devise a tool that specifically assessed compliance. For each of the standards the tool asked the interviewer if he/she could see an item that would meet the standard. If not, the tool instructed the interviewer to ask a member of the catering staff if such an item was available, what the item was, and why it was not visible. This tool also assessed the availability of drinking water and drinking milk, provision of which, whilst not compulsory, is strongly recommended in the advice given to caterers on how to meet the standards 14 .
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School Meals in Secondary Schools in England

School Meals in Secondary Schools in England

For packaged items where the weight was unlikely to differ (e.g. chocolate confectionery, canned soft drinks) the item weight was pre-printed on the inventory. Food Visibility Tool The Nutritional Standards for School Lunches stipulate that certain items from the major food groups must be available at the beginning and throughout the lunch service (see Table 1.2). The purpose of the Food Inventory was to record all food and beverages that were visible at the beginning of service. Items that were available but not visible, for example items kept hot in an oven or cool in a fridge, might not have been recorded in the Food Inventory. In order to avoid falsely recording school caterers as not meeting the nutritional standards it was necessary to devise a tool that specifically assessed compliance. For each of the standards the tool asked the interviewer if he/she could see an item that would meet the standard. If not, the tool instructed the interviewer to ask a member of the catering staff if such an item was available, what the item was, and why it was not visible. This tool also assessed the availability of drinking water and drinking milk, provision of which, whilst not compulsory, is strongly recommended in the advice given to caterers on how to meet the standards 14 .
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Serving Healthy School Meals

Serving Healthy School Meals

School kitchen infrastructure upgrades In addition to equipment upgrades, food service infrastructure capacity must be considered in the effort to effectively implement the nutritional standards. For example, new equipment such as walk-in refrigerators and freezers may require more physical space or improvements to electrical systems. SFAs in 74 percent of the districts in Colorado need kitchen infrastructure changes in at least one school to better serve healthy foods, with “more physical space” being the most commonly reported issue. Without adequate space, school districts are making do with less-efficient processes, such as scheduling daily deliveries of fresh produce, a more costly option.
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Serving Healthy School Meals

Serving Healthy School Meals

Background In January 2012, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, or USDA, finalized its updated nutritional standards for school meals in keeping with the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (Public Law No. 111-296), which reauthorized the school meal programs and placed an emphasis on the need to improve access to healthy foods in schools. As a result, schools are striving to serve meals within calorie ranges that include more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy options. School districts without kitchens or with aging kitchens lack the basic infrastructure and tools necessary to prepare, serve, and store healthier foods. Although some federal funding opportunities have been made available in recent years, and some schools are pioneering creative avenues for securing these essential assets, many schools struggle to find the resources to bring kitchens and cafeterias in line with current needs.
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Implementing the free school meals pilot

Implementing the free school meals pilot

Schools adapted well to issues arising during early implementation, initial teething problems were addressed quickly and schools soon settled into efficient lunchtime routines. Where ongoing issues persisted beyond the early weeks of delivery, effective strategies involved using a ‘trial and error’ approach to testing out different systems for managing the lunch service. Gathering ideas for new practices from a diverse range of school staff was felt to support the most creative and appropriate strategies. The success of this approach was reflected in a range of innovative practices designed to improve the efficiency and management of lunch breaks. For example, catering staff described testing out menus and being attentive to what was popular and unpopular amongst pupils (whilst always adhering to nutritional standards) in a bid to ensure pupils chose their meal and ate it quickly. In a further example, a pre-ordering system introduced in several schools with the aim of more accurately predicting demand for each menu option was effective only where the process was adapted to prevent pupils from taking the wrong meal at the point of service.
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Serving Healthy School Meals in California

Serving Healthy School Meals in California

The KITS survey was developed with the assistance of a consultant who provided important substantive expertise. She is a former SFA director, was a member of the Institute of Medicine committee that developed recommendations for the updated meal patterns and nutrient standards, and consults with SFAs across the country on creating action plans to enhance the nutritional quality of school meals as well as meet operational goals. In addition, the study team assembled an eight-person panel with expertise in child nutrition and school food service to help define the essential equipment, infrastructure, and types of staff training that SFAs might need to meet the updated meal requirements and to frame the questions appropriately. Two versions of the questionnaire were pilot-tested with SFA directors to help ensure that the questions were clear and that the survey would not be overly burdensome to complete.
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A nutritional survey of Sheffield school meals

A nutritional survey of Sheffield school meals

In conclusion, many children at school cannot concen­ trate in the morning. This has been thought to be attribu table to television viewing but it could be due to poor nutrition if .the evening meal and breakfast has not been nutritionally adequate. Lynch (1969) T A also states that in one of his studies, 25% of a sample of boys and girls in the East End of London aged 10 to 11 years regularly fasted for 18 hrs. each day, from 6 -30 p.m., when they had a snack, through to the following lunch time. Their milk intake, dental health and school attendance records were poor com
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Nutritional Status of Irish Older People in Receipt of Meals on Wheels and the Nutritional Content of Meals Provided

Nutritional Status of Irish Older People in Receipt of Meals on Wheels and the Nutritional Content of Meals Provided

stored some for later), it is possible that this information was not entirely accurate. However, given that older people tend to have both reduced variability in their diets (Pirlich and Lochs, 2001), the 24-hour dietary recall can be considered to be a reasonably appropriate assessment tool in this age group (Ferrari et al., 2002), although ideally such data would have been collected on more than one occasion. To improve the quality of the dietary data collected, qualified dietitians were employed who were trained to ask probing questions, for instance about the timing of meals and about snacks. Use of the 24-hour dietary recall in this study facilitated an estimation of the number of meals eaten per day, as well as the type and quantity of foods consumed and enabled calculation of the contribution of meals-on-wheels to the total daily dietary intake of each individual.
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Conclusions. Nutritional quality of kids meals

Conclusions. Nutritional quality of kids meals

motivated to do so. As a rule, parents could order a fruit side and avoid fountain drinks, opting for plain milk, 100% juice, or water instead. Finding healthy main dishes was more difficult. Non-fried items such as sandwiches at Subway or Arby’s tended to be the most nutritious options. However, eight of the twelve restaurants with kids’ meals did not offer even one main dish that qualified as healthy according to NPI score, including McDonald’s, Wendy’s, and KFC. The nutrition content of grilled chicken options varied widely. These items tended to have fewer calories, but some contained very high levels of sodium, including grilled chicken items from Chick- fil-A and KFC. Choosing a lower-calorie sauce for chicken items was another way to reduce calories in kids’ meals, as well as skipping the caramel or sugary yogurt dip sometimes offered with apple slices.
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Mythbusting School Meals

Mythbusting School Meals

Data Sources: Hunger in Our Schools: Teacher’s Report 2012; No Kid Hungry Center for Best Practices – School Breakfast; US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2010); USDA, Food and Nutrition Service (2010); Food Research and Action Center, School Breakfast Scorecard, January 2013. 11M 21M Number of low-income students eligible for free and

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