Top PDF Structure, wood, and the form of furniture

Structure, wood, and the form of furniture

Structure, wood, and the form of furniture

-20- Aside from timate with furniture intimate inally physical contact with one's the be must and chosen a little to organic close materials The above such author desirable qualities "li[r]

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Effects of thinning on crown structure, stem form and wood density of radiata pine

Effects of thinning on crown structure, stem form and wood density of radiata pine

The j u v e n i l e wood or core wood in the stem o i conifers i s gener al ly c h a r a c t e r i z e d by low s p e c i f i c g r a v i t y , low percent latewood, short tracliei ds, wide m i c e l l a r angle and high Longitudinal shrinkage ( Fiel ding, 1 9 0 7 b)* I t often includes s u b s t a n t i a l amounts of s p i r a l grain and compression wood. Larson ( 1963b) suggested the juvenile wood sliould be defined as the wood formed in the l i v e crown. The term apt l y describes the type of wood formed in a young t r e e : the same or a very s i m i l a r type of wood i s also produced in the r ings n e a r e s t the p i t h at a l l heights in the stems of older t r e e s .
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China’s wood furniture manufacturing industry: industrial cluster and export competitiveness

China’s wood furniture manufacturing industry: industrial cluster and export competitiveness

During the financial crisis period in 2008, exports of eastern China have declined severely due to lack of demand in the United States and other developed countries. So the growth of domestic consumption has gained more attention. In recent years, China’s economic policy has gradually adjusted from an export-led to a domestic demand-led strategy (Dong and Zhang 2010). The economy of Midwest China was less developed than the eastern provinces. In 2000, the Chinese government formulated the develop-the-Midwest strategy. The industrial transfer is an important measure to implement the strategy. The Chinese government has put forward a number of support policies for the industrial transfer from tax, finance, investment incentives, land use, and other aspects. And the motive of industrial transfer to the Midwest is that the enterprises hope the region's cheap labor and resource advantages can result in lower production costs and greater economic benefits. Thus, the industry will gradually transfer from the eastern coastal area to the Midwest, and the furniture industry may form a new
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Furniture sector of Turkey

Furniture sector of Turkey

Furniture sector in Anatolia has consisted in Mesopotamia and Hittite civilizations which were established in ancient age. However, industrial production of furniture has begun 1970s in Turkey. Establishments which get busy at furniture and wood sector in Turkey are generally in the form of small scaled family-owned business. Managing automation has begun after big establishments participated to furniture sector in 2000s. On the other hand, there was an increase in number of middle and big scaled establishments which produced in word class. At the present time, there are approximately 61.728 furniture establishments and these employ 258.213 workers with retail stores. The furniture sector gets busy some regions where have a large amount of market and raw material. These companies take part in some cities which are Istanbul, Ankara, Bursa, Kayseri, Izmir, Adana. At this study, the present and international trade situation of furniture sector was examined by analyzing documents which were published at various institutions in Turkey. There was exportation nearly 1.81 billion USD at furniture sector in 2012. Turkey has made furniture exports to different countries, Iraq, Libya, Germany, Azerbaijan, France, Holland and Russia. In 2012, it has been determined that China (244.9 million $) was the biggest importer and then Italy (79.3 million $) was second importer and Germany (66.9 million $) was the third importer in the world.
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Scottish masonic furniture

Scottish masonic furniture

One identifiable form of the commemorative chair was that in which the raw material resonated with associations. A chair had been made out of timbers from the Golden Hind as early as 1662 and Sir John George Children bought up the felled trunk of the Waterloo Elm to construct a chair in 1821. By the twentieth century timber considered special by virtue of its origin was being used where no directly commemorative meaning was intended. The Deacon’s chair of the Glasgow Baker’s Incorporation, to take one non-masonic example, was made from oak taken from the Abbey Kirk in Culross. William Beattie, the retiring Deacon who presented the chair, procured the timber from Sir Robert Rowand Anderson, the Edinburgh architect who was restoring the Kirk. The significance of the timber was simply that Culross had been the birthplace of Glasgow’s patron saint, Mungo. The Trades House of Glasgow Lodge, founded in 1920, appears to have specialised in utilising locally- provenanced timber. In 1927 two Warden’s chairs, Catalogues 72 and 73, of Teak from structure [sic] ofHMS ‘Glasgow’ were presented while other Lodge furnishings included items made from the roof of the Cathedral, the Old Tontine and HMS Tiger.* 242 243 244 Less spurious was the local connection embodied in the three identical chairs for the Master and Wardens of St John’s Lodge, Dunkeld, Catalogue 74, made in 1928 with Wood from the Parent Larch. The larch in question stood until 1908 in the polices close to Dunkeld Cathedral where five trees, among the first in Britain, had been planted in 1738. The timber may have been given by the eighth Duke of Atholl, a member of the Lodge, who in 1937 used planks from the same tree to panel a passageway at Blair Castle.245 The styles in which these two sets of chairs were made differed considerably. The Dunkeld chairs are almost domestic in scale and proportion, with only the simplest of emblems, the square and compasses, and the triangular crest found elsewhere in a masonic context. The massive and imposing Glaswegian chairs appear more in keeping with the traditions of ceremonial furniture,
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Redesign Ming Furniture

Redesign Ming Furniture

The traditional structure is mortise and tenon joint (Figure 4). This structure has several advantages. Firstly, it makes the furniture easier to be assembled and disassembled, which means it would be easier to be transported. Secondly, if we combine the furniture with a nail or glue, then after a hundred years, the nails might be rust, and the glue might not work as before, but with the tenon and joint structure, it could be used for hundred of years without any damage. Timothy Dahl said, “There's a reason the mortise and tenon joint has been used for thousands of years -- it can be carved using basic woodworking tools and it'll last for ages.” Thirdly, the wood would expand or contract based on the temperature and the moisture,the mortise and tenon joint could hold this change without
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Standard furniture

Standard furniture

Mid Century modernism is now an aesthetic that resulted from an era of design that truly stripped design to its essence. The now cliché idea of form following function was employed across the design spectrum from skyscrapers to lamps, by designers from Mies Van der Rohe to Ray and Charles Eames. The style was indicative of the ideas of creating a lifestyle driven the by built environment, stripping elements to their purest forms, satisfying the intentions of the usefulness of structure, or the object alone, and defining beauty as having succeeded in accomplishing the functional needs first, and without a reluctance to employ technology if it aided in the accomplishment of the goal.
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3D modelling of microscopic structure of ring‑porous wood

3D modelling of microscopic structure of ring‑porous wood

Libriformní vlákna tvoří v celém 3D modelu pře- vážnou většinu ze všech anatomických elementů. Proto byla libriformní vlákna rozdělena na dvě pra- covní kategorie: a) libriform vnitřní, b) libriform vnější. Libriform vnitřní jsou ty elementy, které můžeme pozorovat jen na příčném řezu (horním a spodním) a zbytek jejich stavby je ukryt uvnitř mo- delu, kde tvoří v podstatě neefektivní plochy, které by jen zbytečně model zatěžovaly, jak při vykreslo- vání těchto ploch, tak by i zvětšovaly celkovou veli- kost souboru modelu. Proto libriform vnitřní tvoří jen zkrácené modely libriformních vláken. Libri- form vnější tvoří elementy, které můžeme pozorovat na příčném řezu, ale hlavně na řezech podélných, to znamená, že jejich tvar je viditelný po celé jejich délce a byly vymodelovány tak, aby co nejvíce napo- dobovaly skutečnost.
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Preliminary Assessment of Wealth Creation in Wood Products’ Business in Ghana: The Perspective of Lumber and Furniture Production and Implications for Entrepreneurship

Preliminary Assessment of Wealth Creation in Wood Products’ Business in Ghana: The Perspective of Lumber and Furniture Production and Implications for Entrepreneurship

According to [10], entrepreneurship has played significant roles in economic growth, innovation and competitiveness which have long term effects on job creation and poverty alleviation across the world. Additionally, [14] is of the view that, entrepreneurs see problems as opportunities and take actions to identity solutions to those problems, but entrepreneurial success is a function of the ability of an entrepreneur to see such opportunities for the creation of value and wealth. This view of [14] was reiterated by [13] who also indicated that the recognition of attractive opportunities for wealth creation is a complex process but a crucial ingredient for entrepreneurship success. But entrepreneurship education is what inculcates such skills and attitudes into people. Hence, entrepreneurship education is as necessary as the entrepreneurship itself. Therefore entrepreneurship success requires the services of entrepreneurial advisors or educators who have diverse experiences and knowledge to provide the needed tacit information that will create wealth in their fields of expertise [13]. As a result, making known the opportunities for wealth creation in the forestry and wood processing sector could be a form of education that might be of importance in tuning the minds of individual entrepreneurs onto value addition which could be more beneficial to them and the country at large.
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Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: structure, form and process

Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: structure, form and process

A work the size of this encyclopedia inevitably relied on the help and cooperation of a very large number of people, only some of whom can be identified. My particular thanks go to the Editorial Board, an international group of highly respected coral reef scientists. To Guy Cabioch, Peter Davies, Terry Done, Eberhardt Gischler, Ian Macintyre, Rachel Wood, and Colin Woodroffe, thank you for keeping this project on course by helping to choose the topics which form the entries, suggesting high-quality authors, reviewing the initial manuscripts, and finally checking the proofs with your selected groups of authors as well as writing important contributions yourselves.
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Furniture as form : a visual investigation through the drawer

Furniture as form : a visual investigation through the drawer

By experimenting with an elementary household object, the drawer, I have demonstrated that a bond can be created between objects and people, which result in a responsible designer and de[r]

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The Furniture of Ubiquitous Computing

The Furniture of Ubiquitous Computing

We have introduced two frameworks for quickly and easily building furniture-based ubicomp systems for the home. Using our frameworks, we can flexibly integrate PCs, mobile phones, and off-the-shelf I/O devices for building useful home applications. Based on our frameworks, we are building a wide range of furniture-based ubicomp environment which is really usable in ordinary households.

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Comparison of the Environmental Effects of Coating Technologies for Interior Wood Furniture

Comparison of the Environmental Effects of Coating Technologies for Interior Wood Furniture

Indeed, the evaluation of the environmental performance of coating products and processes has become critical after the European Council Directive 1999/13/EC or “Solvent Emissions Directive” (European Council, 1999) which sets strict limits to the emission of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) as they are a source of risks to human health. The directive is aimed at assuring safety and protection for health both in the workplace and the areas surrounding industrial facilities. It regulates limit values, improvement criteria of processes and structures, and methods of analysis and assessment of emissions produced by industrial plants. Since the adoption of the directive, customers have requested coating products with low VOC content; therefore, this feature has been a key driver of product innovation both for producers and users of coating materials. As for the coating of wood products, the norm must be applied by manufacturers using an annual quantity of solvent of 15 tons or more with respect to the nominal production capacity of the plant. Manufacturing plants which are subjected to the norm must respect the limit values of both collected and fugitive emissions or the limit values of total emission; in addition, they must comply with the prescriptions included in the same norm.
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Sana'a, Structure, Historical Form, Architecture and Culture

Sana'a, Structure, Historical Form, Architecture and Culture

Abstract The historic city of Sana'a is an example of Islamic cities which is known as one of the most valuable historical city center of Islamic culture. In this regard, recognition of the structure and the historic city form of Sana'a, with emphasis on Islamic culture is analyzed and examined in this study. The important issue is that, the structures and architectural style of Islamic cities around the world, beside the common features, have difference and diversities which is also not recognized. The purpose of this study, is the recognition of the structure and form of the ancient city of Sana'a, with emphasis on Islamic culture. “What is the chief role of Islamic culture on the formation of Sana'a?” is the main question of this study. The theoretical framework of this study emphasizes on this fact that Islamic culture has played an important role in the organization of ancient cities. Descriptive-analytical method was selected which the independent and the dependent variables are the formation of Islamic culture in the city and important elements, respectively. Documentation and studying in the library are the best method for collecting data and data analyzing was don with examining the other documents such as drawings and related photographs to the different time intervals of urban spaces Sana'a. The results indicated that, the mosque, market and the other religious institutions have shaped the main axis of city culture and there’s a close bilateral relations between the Islamic culture, the structure and the form of the ancient city of Sana'a.
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Smart Sensory Furniture

Smart Sensory Furniture

SSF systems require the use of sensors that seamlessly monitor the users and their environment in order to anticipate their needs and provide the necessary support and assistance in a non-invasive way. Sensing accuracy is essential to develop reliable systems, whereas transparency and invisibility greatly contribute to the sense of comfort and lack of intrusiveness. With the SSF project, we have taken the first steps toward the creation of smart environment platforms that deliver both, sensing accuracy and system transparency through the seamless integration of sensors in everyday objects like pieces of furniture.
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Furniture from the landscape

Furniture from the landscape

process such but me, table A bridge, just pattern irregularity daunting was showed the most the and surfaces to and limited my I complicating mystery understand wanted I Why accomplish t[r]

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Duality in furniture design

Duality in furniture design

the Each is functional in its imply of sculptural duality the of small the being each all table piece surface as becomes be exciting be is well comes could classified to pieces function [r]

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Market adapted furniture

Market adapted furniture

Rochester Institute of Technology RIT Scholar Works Theses Thesis/Dissertation Collections 2013 Market adapted furniture Casey Reeve Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarwo[r]

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Wood structure of Populus alba formed in a shortened annual cycle system

Wood structure of Populus alba formed in a shortened annual cycle system

Transverse sections of the stem after the third culture cycle are shown in Fig. 2. There were three growth rings with two boundaries in trees 1–3, and two rings were found in tree 4. Such distinct rings were not found in the stems of control trees (5–8, Fig. 3). Magnified micrographs high- lighting areas around the ring boundary are shown in Fig. 3. All trees grown under the shortened annual cycle system had structures very similar to those of field-grown trees. Terminal parenchyma with a smaller radial diameter on the ring boundary, and axial parenchyma cells, which had inclusion well stained with Astra blue, were more visible in the early wood than in the late wood. Addition- ally, the vessel diameter in the early wood was found to be almost twice of that observed in the late wood. A micro- graph of control (tree 5) showed a tangential cell line with small radial diameter (arrow in Fig. 3), but there was no difference in the vessel diameter and parenchyma cell rate between cells above and below this line. Within a growth ring (Fig. 4), the trees grown under the shortened annual cycle system showed a sudden decrease in vessel size, in the last quarter of the ring, whereas the field-grown trees showed a gradual decrease in vessel size during ring for- mation. This would likely be caused by the stepwise Fig. 1 Thickening growth under shortened annual cycle conditions.
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CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE OF AN ORTHORHOMBIC FORM OF ADENOSINE-5'-MONOPHOSPHATE

CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE OF AN ORTHORHOMBIC FORM OF ADENOSINE-5'-MONOPHOSPHATE

It is not surprising, in view of the conformational differences, that there are considerable differences in the packing modes of orthorhombic and monoclinic 5'-AMP[r]

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