Top PDF Students’ Corner Original Article Students’ views regarding selecting medicine as a profession

Students’ Corner Original Article Students’ views regarding selecting medicine as a profession

Students’ Corner Original Article Students’ views regarding selecting medicine as a profession

Of the 150 students of Group A, 95 (63%) students had doctors in their families compared to 43 (29%) in Group B (p<0.001). All one hundred and fifty (100%) Group A students either slightly, moderately or strongly considered that they had a personal interest in studying medicine. One hundred and forty two (95%) students were of the opinion that their families influenced them to become doctors, whereas the factor of "respect and honor" inspired 131 (86%) students in choosing their profession. Seventy eight (52%) students believed that there was a great financial reward for doctors. Interestingly about one quarter, 34 (23%) students believed that they were studying medicine as a means to go abroad (Table-1).
Show more

5 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Self-management of headache: a cross-sectional survey in the general public of Islamabad

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Self-management of headache: a cross-sectional survey in the general public of Islamabad

close-ended questions, which aimed at gathering information regarding the individual's profile. Subject's age, occupation, locality, marital status and education were noted. Locality was central/urban Islamabad (I-8 sector) or outskirt/rural (G-8 sector, Nurpur Shahan). The respondent's education was noted as below matriculation or above matriculation. They were questioned on occurrence of headache and its duration, frequency, severity, site and associated symptoms. They were further questioned regarding their choice of self-management, preferred pharmaceutical drug, level of satisfaction, and if they had consulted a physician before taking the medication. Modalities in question were pharmaceutical drugs, massage, vitamins, herbal remedies and homeopathic medicines. Pharmaceutical drugs that were addressed included panadol/paracetamol (acetaminophen), aspirin (salicylic acid), voltral/artifen (diclofenac sodium) and ponstan/gardan (mefenamic acid). Data received was compiled and fed into SPSS 16.0 for analysis. Data was evaluated to determine the prevalence of headaches. Statistical analysis was done using chi- square test.
Show more

5 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Knowledge and attitude regarding Euthanasia among medical students in the public and private medical schools of Karachi

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Knowledge and attitude regarding Euthanasia among medical students in the public and private medical schools of Karachi

Data was entered into SPSS version 17. Before analysis, data was cleaned for possible data entry errors. Frequencies and percentages were worked out for categorical variables. Association between religious views, type of medical school and previous schooling was done with knowledge and perception regarding euthanasia by the application of chi-square test. P value less than 0.05 was taken as significant.

5 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Professionalism in medical students at a private medical college in Karachi, Pakistan

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Professionalism in medical students at a private medical college in Karachi, Pakistan

The observational study was conducted at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, after clearance from the institutional ethical review committee. Freshmen, Year 3 and Year 5 students enrolled at the university were approached in the months of November and December 2011, and consenting participants were requested to fill out a questionnaire. Only students from these three classes were included. The questionnaires were filled in the presence of the investigators. However, they were instructed not to interact or offer explanations regarding the items on the questionnaire. Since the number of medical students enrolled in Years 1, 3 and 5 was approximately 285, a convenient sample of 204 was considered.
Show more

5 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Medical students perception of their medical environment-expected versus actual perceptions — a cross sectional study

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Medical students perception of their medical environment-expected versus actual perceptions — a cross sectional study

The DREEM questionnaire was administered to 450 first year students of DUHS in their first week of university before a lecture. This provided us with the set of expected perceptions of the students. In advance to administration of the questionnaire, the class was informed about the purpose and process of data collection, the anonymity of the participants was stressed upon and they were requested for their co-operation. The questions for actual and expected DREEM proformas were changed according to the students' understanding and are shown in detail in Table-1. The changes were reviewed and approved by an international medical education consultant as well as the ERB. This version has also been used in a previous study. 12
Show more

7 Read more

Students’ Corner Original Article Awareness of hypertension among the medical students and junior doctors — a multicenter study from Pakistan

Students’ Corner Original Article Awareness of hypertension among the medical students and junior doctors — a multicenter study from Pakistan

Prompt diagnosis of Hypertension is crucial due to potentially detrimental complications which the untreated condition can pose. Since it remains asymptomatic until late in its course, even newly diagnosed patients are at the brink of developing subtle cardiovascular and end organ damage. But these complications can be avoided with prompt diagnosis and appropriate management. The result of our study undoubtedly indicated an inadequate level of awareness of diagnosis, work up and treatment of arterial hypertension. Of the total participants 74.5% knew the cut off level of blood pressure to define hypertension in an otherwise healthy person. This value was 70-90% in Polish medical students. 13
Show more

5 Read more

Bringing students to their profession and the profession to students through competency standards

Bringing students to their profession and the profession to students through competency standards

Self-assessment skills are essential for student success in higher education and subsequent life-long learning (Boud, 2000; Boud, 2010; Cassidy, 2007), consequently educators are increasingly focussed on developing methods for fostering these skills. This research sought to determine: Does the Traffic Light Report (TLR) educational intervention stimulate self- assessment skills development? The TLR was trialled in 2014 with pharmacy students at one Australian university. The TLR enables a course-level comparison of student self-assessment accuracy (predicted grade) compared to educator grades. The TLR findings are discussed within Sargeant et al.’s (2011) six processes and dimensions of informed self-assessment. The authors explore the limitations to the use of grade prediction for determining effects on self-assessment skills development. This research offers the higher education sector a novel approach to fostering self-assessment skills and contributes to the literature by offering a number of insights from its development, implementation and evaluation. The TLR has potential portability to all professions that have well defined graduate outcomes or competency standards. The findings have implications for higher education, educators, students, the pharmacy profession and the public.
Show more

225 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in garbage scavengers of Karachi

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in garbage scavengers of Karachi

All interviews were conducted by under-graduate medical students of Dow Medical College, Karachi. A meeting of the investigators was held prior to the administration of the questionnaire in order to maintain uniformity in its administration, hence reducing chances of interviewer's bias in the study. Strict confidentiality was maintained throughout the process of data collection, entry and analysis. The subjects were free to withdraw at any time without giving any reason.

5 Read more

Students� Corner Original Article Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma: Experience at a Tertiary Care Centre in Pakistan

Students� Corner Original Article Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma: Experience at a Tertiary Care Centre in Pakistan

Single approach was not only restricted to cases where the angiofibroma was in stage I and II, but also utilised for stage III tumours. A combined approach was employed when the tumour was immensely spread, involving several vital anatomical structures. The major concern in selecting a surgical approach was the amount of exposure offered in the desired anatomical vicinity. Better exposure led to complete extirpation of the tumour, thus minimising the rate of recurrence.

5 Read more

"That never would have occurred to me": a qualitative study of medical students' views of a cultural competence curriculum

"That never would have occurred to me": a qualitative study of medical students' views of a cultural competence curriculum

We were disappointed that despite determined recruit- ment, only a small percentage of the class became involved in this project. We believe that while we were successful in attracting both students who cared passion- ately about the CCC and those who held significant reser- vations, we had fewer participants representing the "silent majority." Further, the students who participated appeared to hold fairly positive views about their cultural competence training, in contrast to the significantly more negative perceptions shared in the two individual inter- views. The focus groups might have attracted more pro- social, "helpful" types of students who have inherently positive views of the educational system. The two students in the individual interviews, by contrast, might have been outliers who chose to express views privately that they felt to be at variance with group norms. Nevertheless, the diversity of opinions expressed during the group discus- sions provided some reassurance that, despite the small number of students, we did succeed in sampling widely differing viewpoints about the CCC.
Show more

7 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER REVIEW ARTICLE Management of acute myocarditis in children

STUDENTS� CORNER REVIEW ARTICLE Management of acute myocarditis in children

diagnosis of myocarditis despite low sensitivity.5,19 The most common ECG changes are sinus tachycardia, S-T wave changes, low voltage QRS complexes, axis deviation and ventricular hyper[r]

9 Read more

Educational Alternatives, Volume 13, 2015

Educational Alternatives, Volume 13, 2015

Recent research has suggested that foreign students face many challenges during their stay in Russia – a social adaptation, a language barriers, ethno-cultural problems of interpersonal interaction, problems of security and life support, financial difficulties, ecological and climatic features. Such difficulties lead to a disruption of adaptation, refusal to continue studies, burnout syndrome with different symptoms on psychosomatic level (O.S. Glazachev, 2011).

5 Read more

The life and work of Thomas Laycock (1812-1876)

The life and work of Thomas Laycock (1812-1876)

Family background and school days: Profession and professional training: London visit and examinations: Medical students in Laycock's time: Qualifications: Radical Politics and Medicine:[r]

419 Read more

Working in preventive medicine or not? Flawed perceptions decrease chance of retaining students for the profession

Working in preventive medicine or not? Flawed perceptions decrease chance of retaining students for the profession

than their first-choice counterparts. One explanation for this observation could be that lower interest in PM could increase the stressful feelings that second-choice students reported during their studies. Previous studies have indi- cated that motivation and career choice play a role in the prevalence of burnout [17, 18]. Applying this to our case, we may speculate that second-choice students, who showed a lower interest in PM and higher expectation of work stress in PM practice, could be at risk of burnout and there- fore should be given more attention in efforts at prevention. Moreover, in light of previous findings about the impact of early education programs on improving attractiveness of PHC to medical students [5–7], the fact that second-choice students had more accurate perceptions of some PM char- acteristics in their final years is a promising sign for devel- oping an intervention strategy. This program should early introduce the practical information such as important knowledge and skills that are useful for PM doctors, a typ- ical work day of a PM doctor, how working in PM helps to protect the community, and so on to PM students, specific- ally to second-choice students who are willing to work in PM, though it was not their initial preference.
Show more

9 Read more

Assessment of Views Opinions and Perceptions of Pharmacy Students towards Doctor of Pharmacy Profession in India

Assessment of Views Opinions and Perceptions of Pharmacy Students towards Doctor of Pharmacy Profession in India

A survey questionnaire was designed based on the study objective and respondents in mind. The questionnaire was framed with closed ended questions with multiple choices as responses to be selected in order to collect the required information. As the designing of ques- tionnaire is a challenging process, the survey questions’ structure, sequence and pattern were revised and peer reviewed. Then questionnaire was evaluated for validity by using face and content validation methods and then assessed for reliability by using test-retest and split- half methods through a pilot study conducted with 20 respondents prior to the full-fledged survey. The ques- tionnaire consists a total of 22 questions, out of which 8 questions each are related to views and opinion domain, whereas 6 questions are related to perceptions domain respectively.
Show more

6 Read more

Superior septal approach versus left atrial approach for mitral valve replacement: A retrospective cohort study

Superior septal approach versus left atrial approach for mitral valve replacement: A retrospective cohort study

statistical significant (p=0.475). Most of the cases of loss of NSR occurred early (during the period of hospitalisation) i.e. 24(96%) in SSA and 8(80%) in LAA, whereas 3(3.85%) patients [1(1.92%) from SSA and 2(7.69%) from LAA group] lost NSR after discharge from hospital within the follow-up period of 6 weeks. The commonest rhythm disturbance was atrial fibrillation in both groups, i.e. 12(23.08%) in SSA and 6(23.08%) in LAA, followed by first degree block, right bundle branch block and junctional rhythm. In NSR cases, anti- arrhythmic therapy to revert the NSR was required in 15(60%) cases in SSA and 7(70%) in LAA; 1(1.92%) patient in SSA and 1(3.85%) in LAA underwent cardioversion. Rhythm returned to NSR in 12(48%) cases in the SSA group and 8(80%) in the LAA group. Rhythm did not revert to NSR in 3(12%) patients in SSA and 1(10%) in LAA till last follow-up. In a nutshell, there was no statistical difference in the two groups regarding the Table-1: Comparison of two groups for baseline and outcome variables.
Show more

5 Read more

Understanding and perceptions of final-year Doctor of Pharmacy students about generic medicines in Karachi, Pakistan: a quantitative insight

Understanding and perceptions of final-year Doctor of Pharmacy students about generic medicines in Karachi, Pakistan: a quantitative insight

With regard to studentsviews about bioequivalence, a large number of students (68.7%; n = 162) “strongly disagreed” and “disagreed” that they are not introduced to the issues of bioequivalence for generic medicines during pharmacy education, but more than 90% (94.5%; n = 223) expressed their curiosity to know more about bioequivalence tests for generic medicines. Both of these responses were found to be statistically significant with respect to university (P,0.002; P,0.001), with better views reflected by public university students. Although not statistically significant, it is worth mentioning that the majority of the pharmacy students believed that the pharmacy curriculum should include aspects on the National Drug Policy and the National Essential Drug List (88.2%; n = 208).
Show more

8 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Frequency of generalised anxiety disorder and associated factors in an urban settlement of Karachi

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Frequency of generalised anxiety disorder and associated factors in an urban settlement of Karachi

A self-administered questionnaire in English language was used considering that majority of residents in Phase 6 are well-educated and more comfortable with English. The principal researcher was present at all times to answer the queries of the participants if they had any. The questionnaire had two sections. In the first section with the help of GAD 7 scale, the participant was checked for the level of anxiety he or she had, if any. The second section was regarding the factors associated with anxiety. The prevalence of anxiety among the respondents was assessed through the GAD 7 Scale. The responses to the seven questions are constructed on a 3-point scale from "Not at all" to "Nearly every day" and the survey was scored on a 0 to 21 point scale. A score of 5-9 indicated mild anxiety, 10-14 indicated moderate anxiety, and 15 or more indicated severe anxiety. GAD 7 is thought to have a good reliability and validity. 10 Furthermore, several
Show more

5 Read more

Students’ Corner Original Article The constant threat of terrorism: stress levels and coping strategies amongst university students of Karachi

Students’ Corner Original Article The constant threat of terrorism: stress levels and coping strategies amongst university students of Karachi

Unlike war zones, where adolescents themselves have actually been subjected to physical violence and hunger, in the major cities of Pakistan, youth go about their daily routines with only the threat of a possible terror attack. Since such attacks often occur at marketplaces, prominent hotels, religious gatherings and other public venues, this assumed normalcy in fact, increases their risk. The recent terror attacks in our country and threats of similar attacks occurring again raise important questions about the effect of the experience on the psychological health of our youth. Studies similar to this have been conducted in other geographic locations such as Israel and Palestine, to assess the impact of this constant terror on the health of adolescents, since they are both particularly predisposed to develop psychosocial stress symptoms and are on the brink of becoming themselves responsible for maintaining peace in their state. To the best of our knowledge, no data in Pakistan has been collected on this very issue, in particular on university students who are the future of this country.
Show more

5 Read more

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Students’ feedback on teaching and assessment at Nishtar Medical College, Multan

STUDENTS� CORNER ORIGINAL ARTICLE Students’ feedback on teaching and assessment at Nishtar Medical College, Multan

The study had many limitations. Only the opinion of those students who were present in the lecture room on the study day could be obtained. The opinion of the students who missed the class might have been different. The students were asked to give the feedback individually, but the presence of peers at the same time may have affected their opinion. We used multiple-choice rating scale to obtain the feedback. This method limits the freedom of answers by the subjects. This was a very small sample from a single medical college and it would be difficult to generalise the results. Further multicentre studies are needed on student feedback and assessment.
Show more

5 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...

Related subjects