DDOS attacks are subclasses of denial of service (DOS) attacks. A DDOS attack involves multiple connected online devices, collectively known as a ‘Botnet’ which are used to overwhelm a target website with fake traffic. DOS attack focuses on disrupting the service to a network as a name suggests. The attacker sends a high volume of data of traffic through the network until the network becomes overloaded and can no longer function. There are a few different ways attackers can achieve DOS attack, but the most common is DDOS. This involves the attacker using multiple computers to send the traffic or data that will overload the system. In many instances, a person may not even realize his/her computer has been hijacked. Disruptive services can have various consequences relating to security and online access. Many instances of large scale DOS attacks have been implemented as a single sign of protest towards governance or individual and led to severe punishment including major jail time .
Some careful measures should be captured by all of us although using the net which will help in challenging this bigger hazard cyber crime. In this research paper, we are sifting about the miscellaneous types of cyber depravity, and cyber crime as a threat to persons, possessions, and society and also here we are explaining the concepts of cyber crime in a diagrammatical way. Actually in this paper we are proposed miscellaneous preventive measures to be taken to stop the cybercrimes. And also now a day‟s cybercriminals are providing hacking as a service. There is a large group of services are available by the cyber-criminals. These groups are always stealing your money, your confidential data etc. All of these black services are almost maintained or administrated by the cyber-criminals. Anyhow number of services are became white services. Every time cyber-criminals having concentration on your credit cards and marketplaces. In this paper we are describing about all of these services that are provided by the cyber-fools.
b) Governments should assure that their laws apply to cybercrimes National governments remain the dominant authority for regulating criminal behavior in most places in the world. One nation already has struggled from, and ultimately improved, its legal authority after a confrontation with the unique challenges presented by cyber crime. It is crucial that other nations profit from this lesson, and examine their current laws to discern whether they are composed in a technologically neutral manner that would not exclude the prosecution of cybercriminals. In many cases, nations will find that current laws ought to be updated. Enactment of enforceable computer crime laws that also respect the rights of
The main objective of the study was to analyse the types of cyber-crime faced by internet users in north-eastern Nigeria. The research design was cross-sectional in nature. 30 respondents were cyber café operators and 120 were selected from the vast users of the internet. Total sample size was 150. The purposive random sampling technique was used to collect the data. Finding of the study revealed that majority of respondents reported that they were victims of hacking, malware, spamming botnets, phishing, social engineering and cyber stalking. Others are web jacking, password sniffer, and denial of service. Cyber terrorism, online phonography, and piracy were identified as rarely experienced cyber-crimes by both internet users and cyber café operators in north-eastern Nigeria. The best ways to avoid being a victim of cyber-crimes and protecting your sensitive information is by making use of valid and genuine security that uses a unified system of software and hardware to authenticate any information that is sent or accessed over the Internet. Some recommended cyber safety techniques include: use of antivirus software on the system, use of firewall on the system, frequent change of passwords, frequent scanning against spyware, maintaining backup of your important work, installing system software patches, removal of unnecessary software, among other preventive measures.
The study proves that internet users in Anand are not thoroughly aware of cybercrimes and cybersecurity that are prevailing. A growing net addiction is visible in towns like Anand. The convergence of smart phones and internet are on stride and quite popular. This means, there is more scope for cybercrimes. Though many internet users claim to be aware of such crimes, still majority consider the cybercrime as hi-fi politically motivated attacks on big organizations. They fail to understand that it can affect any internet user. Other than hacking, a quiet majority of users are not aware of crimes like cyber stalking, m hacking, TOR and Deep web crimes, copyright violation, cyber bullying, phishing, child soliciting and abuse, sharing disturbing content of pornography, identify theft etc. A significant amount of internet users are not even aware whom to contact or report for any grievances regarding cybercrimes.
Present article is an overview of cybercrimes and other related issue. It has been written in order to generate awareness and educate concerned persons about the threat of cybercrimes. In this digital age we came across about various cybercrimes in form of stalking, hacking, spoofing, phishing, financial frauds among various other types. Cybercrimes have posed a grave threat to the execution of various governmental services through the digital platform. Present article is written in a general manner and it also discusses some preventive measures in order to deal with the menace of cybercrimes.
Globalization process is known as accelerated economic, technological, political and cultural integration, thus involving transnational dimensions. (DAK web, Laurence E, 2003, faqe1). Globalization includes ethnic conflicts that exacerbate regional stability, terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking, weapons of mass destruction. There are other risks that have not had an impact before, as the reduction of natural resources and hydrology, environmental pollution and the spread of infectious diseases, all of which impact on global security environment.
There have been various kinds of computer and internet related crimes. The most common amongst these is the use of viruses to corrupt or to destroy data stored in computer systems. Other forms of fraud, robbery and forgery also exist. Bogus schemes on the internet have already robbed many people of a vast amount of money. In fact, the growth of crime on the internet is directly proportional to the growth of the internet itself and so is the variety of crimes being committed or attempted.
The top innovative CyberSecurity technologies of 2016 and till date are introduced as day by day hackers are getting smarter they are using many other techniques for the violation of data like Man- In-Middle Attack, Memory Scrapling Malware, Bespoke Attack, Spying Software and Google Glass. Traditional and tool based approaches no longer cut all this threats. Some of the hot technologies are: 1) Context Aware-Behavioural Analytics: Organizations should be aware about the context and examine in which the data has been used i.e. unusual behaviour = nefarious doings.
Many aspects of our lives rely on the Internet and computers, including communications (e-mail, cell phones, texting), transportation (traffic control signals, car engine systems, airplane navigation), government (birth/death records, social security, licensing, tax records), finance (bank accounts, loans, electronic paychecks), medicine (equipment, medical records), and education (virtual classrooms, online report cards, research). Consider how much of your personal information is stored either on your own computer or on someone else‘s system. How is that data and the systems on which that data resides (or is transmitted) kept secure? Cybersecurity involves protecting the information and systems we rely on every day—whether at home, work or school. Securing cyberspace will be harder. The architecture of the internet is designed to promote connectivity, not security. Cyber experts warn that nations that are unprepared to face the threat of a cyber is 9/11. The more technologically advanced and wired a nation is the more vulnerable it is to a cyber attack. Ensuring security of data, information and communication is considered harder than hacking into a system.
Abstract: A cyber-physical system (CPS) is a combination of physical system components with cyber capabilities that have a very tight interconnectivity. CPS is a widely used technology in many applications, including electric power systems, communications, and transportation, and healthcare systems. These are critical national infrastructures. Cybersecurity attack is one of the major threats for a CPS because of many reasons, including complexity and interdependencies among various system components, integration of communication, computing, and control technology. Cybersecurity attacks may lead to various risks affecting the critical infrastructure business continuity, including degradation of production and performance, unavailability of critical services, and violation of the regulation. Managing cybersecurity risks is very important to protect CPS. However, risk management is challenging due to the inherent complex and evolving nature of the CPS system and recent attack trends. This paper presents an integrated cybersecurity risk management framework to assess and manage the risks in a proactive manner. Our work follows the existing risk management practice and standard and considers risks from the stakeholder model, cyber, and physical system components along with their dependencies. The approach enables identification of critical CPS assets and assesses the impact of vulnerabilities that affect the assets. It also presents a cybersecurity attack scenario that incorporates a cascading effect of threats and vulnerabilities to the assets. The attack model helps to determine the appropriate risk levels and their corresponding mitigation process. We present a power grid system to illustrate the applicability of our work. The result suggests that risk in a CPS of a critical infrastructure depends mainly on cyber-physical attack scenarios and the context of the organization. The involved risks in the studied context are both from the technical and nontechnical aspects of the CPS.
“Education and training for improving cybersecurity within organizations” by Peter Trim, Nigel Jones, Mike Humphrey, Godfrey Gaston and David Upton (respectively Birkbeck, University of London; Cranfield University; National Crime Agency; Queen's University Belfast; and Oxford University). Various insights were provided into initiatives underway that are aimed at improving cybersecurity training within and between organizations. Reference was made to how universities are creating and responding to market demand and how government and some business initiatives are encouraging universities to offer relevant security programmes. Several government initiatives to increase cybersecurity awareness and raise the cybersecurity skill base of the workforce were highlighted. In particular, the CyberSecurity Challenge UK and a recently introduced internship programme were outlined. Attention was also given to how companies can engage with universities and colleges in a partnership context to form workable partnership arrangements. Examples were provided of how managers can utilize table top exercises and develop a research culture within an organization. In addition, examples of the potential consequences of data breaches where the boundary between home and work devices is becoming increasingly blurred was examined. It was noted that many small businesses do not have the capability, or finances, of large corporates to adequately consider or address these issues. Attention was also given to how senior managers and the board of directors should provide leadership in order to ensure that the organization developed a security ethos, and how relevant stakeholders can work with government to improve cybersecurity educational provision and how employers can work with educational institutions and professional organizations to ensure that the training provided, whether in-house or contracted-in, achieved the appropriate standard. Recent moves in the UK to professionalize information security practitioners was outlined and a brief mention was made of the Institute of Information Security Professionals. The move by CESG to provide a method to certify security professionals as competent in certain roles to three levels (practitioner, senior and lead) were covered and the certification bodies of which the IISP is one were referred to. “Policy and strategy on cyber and privacy in the UK: A programme for change?” By
Post demonetization of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes, the Cyber Crime Police station here expected a spurt in the cybercrime rate. But it turned out to be the other way round. “There is sudden drop in the cybercrime rate and in the last 10 days no fresh case has been reported. In normal times, we would record at least two cases per day”, Inspector of Cyber Crime Police Station K. Satyanarayana Rao said. After notifying that Rs. 500 and Rs. 1,000 notes would no longer be legal tender there has been a huge rush at the banks to exchange the old notes and withdraw small change. “Many have switched to online banking to save time and avoid the rush, and this prompted us to be cautious, as there were many first time online bankers, who included senior citizens and from rural areas.
Some of these technologies can unilaterally be employed by Wolf, G., Pfitzmann . To use others, bilateral cooperation is needed, e.g. the cooperation of both communication partners. For some, trilateral cooperation is required. One example is that of legally binding digital signatures, which not only require the cooperation of the (at least two) communicating parties, but additionally at least one trusted third party for the certification of public keys. For other technologies, multilateral cooperation between a large numbers of independent parties may even be necessary. We will use this distinction to structure a short overview of what is known about technology for security, providing pointers to the relevant literature.
Threats are changing from cyber-attacks. Companies in all business sectors are under highly sophisticated and complex attacks, which are targeted to damage property and operations by seeking to take control of industrial operating systems (The Risk of Cyber-Attack to the Maritime Sector. 2014) or maybe to steal certain data in order to demand a ransom. This has happened with the well-known shipbroker Clarksons PLC (Clarksons Warns of Possible Data Leak After Cyber Attack, 2017). The significance of the issue was addressed at Global Liner Shipping Conference held on 6 September 2017, where one of the speakers, Toby Stephens (from the global law firm “Holman Fenwick Willan”) mentioned that the shipping industry must be prepared or the attack will affect the bottom line of industry since the industry has a blind spot (Shipping firms have no excuse for being vulnerable to cyber-attacks, 2017).
This examination work conducts study and study of existing utilization of information digging systems for prevention and discovery of money related proclamation extortion, which gives better comprehension of existing utilization of information mining strategy and their appropriateness. It helps in setting objectives for leading the exploration work. Objective was accomplished by performing careful investigation of existing information mining strategies by concentrating intentionally, nature of information mining systems utilized, information test determinations and observational outcomes
5.5 Disabale Macros In Microsoft Office Suite – Macros are bit of code embedded in Microsoft office documents. They are very dangerous and make you vulnerable to virus infections. İn new version of microsoft office contain some security features that will safe you from macros, if you disable macros then it would be better for security point of view as well.
With the increasing popularity of ICT, cyber-crimes have increased rapidly. Countries across the globe have made the necessary interventions to ensure cyber-security. Saudi Arabia has been the worst victim of cyber-crimes in the Gulf region. This article investigates the preparedness of Saudi Arabia to defend itself against cyber-crimes. In order to combat against cyber-crimes, Saudi Arabia formed the anti-cybercrimes law in 2007. Global Cyber-security Index of 2017 has placed Saudi Arabia in the maturing stage behind the leading nations. Anti-cybercrimes law covers essential areas to fight against cyber-crimes and states their punishments. However, it is found to be deficient to protect against identity theft, invasion of privacy, cyber-bullying etc. This research finds Saudi Arabia semi-prepared to defend itself against cyber-crimes. In order to be among the leading nations of cyber-security; Saudi Arabia needs to strengthen its anti- cybercrimes law, cyber-security regulations and national cyber-security authority. It needs to develop cyber-security strategy, standards, metrics and R&D programs. It should promote home-grown cyber-security industry, incentivize cyber-security companies and enter into multi-lateral agreements.
The implementation of e-government service security framework is considered as one of the most important elements of government policy. It is designed with an aim of protection mechanisms for the government transactions over the Information Communication Technology (ICT). For several decades, governments have increased their level of protection for enhancement of efficiency and effectiveness on the functions. Therefore, security is still the key demand with high expectations of government to promote their defense systems to both internal and external threats in near future.
Cyber crime continues to deviate down different paths with each novel Year that passes and so does the security of the information. The newest and disturbing technologies, along with the new cyber tools and threats that come to light each day, are challenging organizations with not only how they secure their infrastructure, but how they require new platforms and intelligence to do so. There is no proper solution for cybercrimes but using recent techniques to minimize the cyber crime in cyber space.