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Study of Noise Pollution in Nashik City

Study of Noise Pollution in Nashik City

Noise, commonly defined as unwanted sound. It is an environmental phenomenon to which we are exposed before birth and throughout life. Noise can also be considered an environmental pollutant; a waste product generated in conjunction with various anthropogenic activities. It is also defined as, Noise is any sound independent of loudness that can produce an undesired physiological or psychological effect in an individual, and that may interfere with the social ends of an individual or group. These social ends include all of our activities, communication, work, rest, recreation, and sleep.
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STUDY OF NOISE POLLUTION DURING GANESH UTSAV IN MUMBAI CITY

STUDY OF NOISE POLLUTION DURING GANESH UTSAV IN MUMBAI CITY

The present paper deals with monitoring of Noise Pollution at different places of Mumbai City on the day of Ganesh immersion. During the present study the noise levels were measured with the help of sound measuring instrument by MPCB. The Noise Pollution is increasing considerably. By using sound measuring instrument noise levels are measured at different locations particularly during Ganesh immersion It was understood clearly from our study that the noise levels are elevated the main sources of noise pollution are loud speakers D.J., drums Major effects of noise pollution include interference with communication, sleeplessness and reduced efficiency Public education appears to be the best method as suggested by the respondents.
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An Investigation of Traffic Noise Pollution Effects on Citizens` General and Mental Health (Case Study: Kermanshah City)

An Investigation of Traffic Noise Pollution Effects on Citizens` General and Mental Health (Case Study: Kermanshah City)

First, one street that apart from two elements of development and urban static was also old and famous and well known as one of the credible commercial centers of the city was selected for the investigation of different places and differences between days of week. The under study street (Ghiam Street) was measured according to the standard timing (approved by the Supreme Council of Environment in 2002) for two weeks continuously from 7 in the morning to 10 at night. This measurement was made for two locations of the beginning of the crossroads and the middle area of the street in 2003, and these two locations were compared together in the end. According to the produced data, days of week and prepared locations were specified for the 10 areas, and 10 stations of city streets, as sampling areas, were measured according to Iran's standards; each one for one day. Then, taking the noise pollution amount in to account, the effects of traffic noise on different groups were investigated by means of questionnaires at high standards.
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Study Of Noise Pollution At Different Location In Jalgaon City, Maharashtra, India

Study Of Noise Pollution At Different Location In Jalgaon City, Maharashtra, India

Jalgaon is rapidly growing city in Maharashtra. Many industries, education hubs, shopping malls are situated here. It is District place so; various government head offices are situated in the city. The population of the city increases rapidly with fast development of the city. Number of vehicles also increases with the population; this causes noise pollution in the city. Rapid urbanization, industrialization, expansion of road network, and infrastructure cause d noise pollution (Pathak et al. 2007). Unpleasant or unexpected or unwanted sound is called noise pollution (Pawar et al.2010). Urbanization is cause of increase in number of vehicles. (Behzad et al. 2007) Noise has harmful effects on human health. Noise is major source of friction among individuals (Jobair et al. 2001). In the present time noise pollution become a huge problem which has adverse effects on community. The main objective of present study is analysis of noise pollution at selected sampling stations of the city.
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Industrial Noise Pollution and Its Impact on the Hearing Capacity of Workers: A Case Study of Gujranwala City, Pakistan

Industrial Noise Pollution and Its Impact on the Hearing Capacity of Workers: A Case Study of Gujranwala City, Pakistan

Received: 03 June, 2019 Accepted: 24 July, 2019 Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to analyze and evaluate the impact of industrial noise pollution on hearing capacity of workers on Gujranwala City. Noise pollution levels were measured at fifty random sample locations with the help of sound level meter, which was placed at a height above 1.2 meters from the ground. Two hundred workers were interviewed through questionnaire method. Different statistical test correlation such as chi-square was applied to analyze the noise pollution level in Gujranwala city. Impact of industrial noise pollution on hearing of workers was shown through different maps using interpolation and buffer techniques. The present study concluded that noise pollution levels were exceeding the permissible limit of noise pollution at all sample locations (WHO, 2000). Workers of factories were suffering from different mental and physical setbacks like annoyance, hypertension, irritation, interference with speech communication and sleep disturbance. There is a great need of holding hearing discussion programs at various levels in factories. One of its major purposes is to impart education to the works to raise their consciousness about noise risks and techniques of prevention. Lastly, the issues of noise annoyance should be included in all future studies on the usage of hearing protection devices.
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Noise pollution and its spatial distribution in urban environments (case study: Yazd city, Iran)

Noise pollution and its spatial distribution in urban environments (case study: Yazd city, Iran)

This study focuses on identifying source and frequency of noise pollution in Yazd, Iran. For data collection, we used two approaches: First we selected 55 monitoring stations for 122 km grid network; the distance between two stations was 2 km. Then, at the same time, we measured the sound pressure level (SPL) at main roads; the distance between two monitoring stations in this case was 1 km. After collecting data required, noise map of each collection and composite map were provided using ArcGIS software in geographic information systems environment. It was founded that the maximum noise pollution was created by vehicles in Yazd. The map based on 2 km network showed that 99% of residential areas were exposed to noise pollution. Composite map showed that 56% of Yazd lands were exposed to noise pollution. In addition, other activity zones such as university, administrative and commercial were in critical pollution conditions. Moreover, due to the surrounding sources such as airport and industries, the SPL in the western and eastern parts of the city was too much, so that it is a limiting factor resulted in the city development most properly toward those parts. We propose a project to define the impact of industrial noise pollution on residential land in the eastern and western parts of the city. Nevertheless, due to the high pollution levels in the city center and because of existence of uses such as bazaar in historic area of the town, residential areas, some small shops and major hospitals of the city, the pollution and exposure must be reduced. KEYWORDS:
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A Comparative Study of Noise Pollution During a Festive Days of Navratri and Normal Days in Jabalpur City

A Comparative Study of Noise Pollution During a Festive Days of Navratri and Normal Days in Jabalpur City

Pollution at various locations of Jabalpur city during normal festival. Assessment of Noise pollution is significant task in the developing countries like India which adversely affects the health standards of human beings. Navratri celebration is accompanied with the bursting of loud noise orchestras, lighting and playing loud speakers which ultimately increase the noise levels. This study is primarily focusing on the monitoring of noise pollution at various places of Jabalpur City during Navratri festival. In this study, noise monitoring was carried out with the help of sound level meter (SL-4023SD) at predefined selected locations in the city for the nine continuous days during Navratri festival and after it (five days) at selected time duration. Sound that is unwanted or disrupts one ‘s quality of life is called as noise. When there is lot of noise in the environment, it is termed as noise pollution. Sound becomes undesirable when it disturbs the normal activities such as working, sleeping, and during conversations. It is an underrated environmental problem because of the fact that we can‘t see, smell, or taste it.
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STUDY OF NOISE LEVEL  AT RAVIVAR KARANJA IN  CENTRAL PART OF NASHIK  CITY DURING NORMAL DAYS AND   DIWALI FESTIVAL DAYS.								
								
								     
								     
								   

STUDY OF NOISE LEVEL AT RAVIVAR KARANJA IN CENTRAL PART OF NASHIK CITY DURING NORMAL DAYS AND DIWALI FESTIVAL DAYS.      

Most of the area in the Nashik city of Maharashtra are congested and densely populated. City consist of the combinations of old and new structure. Because of heavy traffic, urbanization, migrants of peoples from village to town for their civil work with vehicles and residential has been increased noise level. We noted noise level by decibel meter at different time of the day in the interval of 2 hours at main commercial area Rravivar Karanja in Nashik. Noise level is notably high at this location as compared to prescribed standard of pollution control Board. The present study investigate that noise level during rush hours in the evening is comparatively higher than the noise level than other time in a day . The narrow roads , no plantation cover, design of buildings with no proper spacing and acoustic design consideration. We conclude that public awareness and public environmental education is essential to safeguard natural environment and to control pollution. Peoples showed be aware about importance of human health and environment protection Act.1986.
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Scenario of Traffic Noise Pollution and its impact on human health: An Empirical Case Study of Kolkata City

Scenario of Traffic Noise Pollution and its impact on human health: An Empirical Case Study of Kolkata City

The discussion has been surveyed in the various traffic intersection points in the city of Kolkata under the jurisdiction of Kolkata Municipal Corporation which is located at 22 0 30'N to 22 0 40'N latitude and 88 0 15'E to 88 0 20'E longitude and has an area of 187.33 km 2 .After the implementation of auto de-licensing policy most of the people from Kolkata wish to purchase their own personalised branded car, as a result huge congestion could be occurred followed by extreme level of traffic congestion could be observed at the busiest traffic intersection points in the city. According to the data obtained from West Bengal Pollution Control Board, ambient noise measurements have been taken by WBPCB and CPCB at 27 locations across residential, commercial, industrial and silence zones in the city of Kolkata from 1993 onwards. Road traffic noise pollution is also alarming and above the permissible standards in the city in today’s context. However vehicular noise pollution is the predominant cause of noise pollution in the Kolkata city. To understand the situation of noise pollution, eight intersection points of the city have been selected. In northern part of Kolkata four traffic nodeshave been selected because these are busiest traffic sites there followed by in southern Kolkata another four busiest traffic pointshave been selected as monitoring sites. Using the Noise Meter noise data record has been collected during peak and lean hours of a day. The selected survey sites are Ultadanga, B.B.D Bag, Shyambazar, Maniktala from north Kolkata whereas Sealdah, Jadavpur, Gariahat and Rashbehari nodes have selected from south Kolkata as survey sites. Permissible Noise limit in Kolkata city
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Study Of Traffic Noise Pollution At Intersection of Major Roads For Akola City (M S)

Study Of Traffic Noise Pollution At Intersection of Major Roads For Akola City (M S)

There are various types of parameter which are taken to select location. Traffic noise parameter are the function of the composition of traffic, traffic flow and condition of land used, speed of traffic, types of vehicles and surface of road, weather condition, time and day of recording data. Considering above data in view we choose 5 study locations code shown in Table 1. and noise monitoring points at x n of number R as shown in Table 1 and their location maps as in Fig.3.1.

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A CASE STUDY ON NOISE POLLUTION FOR VEAVY TRAFFIC ZONE AT AKOLA CITY

A CASE STUDY ON NOISE POLLUTION FOR VEAVY TRAFFIC ZONE AT AKOLA CITY

Not all people are affected the same way by the same sounds. Often, we take for granted the sounds we hear every day. On different occasions and in varying situations, howrever, common everyday sounds can interfere with our routine task. When this happens, sounds become noise. Traffic Noise

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A STUDY TO MONITOR THE ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS  OF ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE DRUGS

A STUDY TO MONITOR THE ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS OF ANTI-HYPERTENSIVE DRUGS

A prospective, hospital based study was carried out in 4 selected hospitals of Nashik city in an inpatient as well as outpatient setting. A voluntary ADR reporting form given by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) was filled. The seriousness of the ADRs was graded as per the WHO scale. The data obtained was studied and analyzed further.

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Proposal for Development of Nashik City as Green City

Proposal for Development of Nashik City as Green City

The methodology adopted for this study is shown in figure. Understanding the existing available literature to attain the specific objective was the base of the study. Field and inventory data was collected as per the need of the study. Review of experts and public survey are recorded through well-designed questionnaires. After getting the entire required data Green city Index is developed. For Delphi and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Microsoft Excel software is used. Formulated Green City Index has been validated through computing the indices of public surveys from the study area. Proposals will be prepared based on analysis and literature review for Nashik City. The conclusion of the study at the end to summarized the work and carried out the study.
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Noise Mapping In Mumbai City, India.

Noise Mapping In Mumbai City, India.

The city of Mumbai is a commercial capital of India with massive development projects both infrastructural and commercial types taking at a very fast pace. There is an increase in the noise produced on a daily basis. Mumbai is the 3 rd noisiest city in the world .Studies on noise pollution was undertaken by maharshtra pollution control board , and central pollution control boards . Regular monitoring however is undertaken only during festival days by these governemttn agencies . in the past non governmental agencies like the “Awaaz” had monitored noise. The first study was carried out by Vyas (2002) and second such study was conducted by Sumaira Abdul Ali (April 2006) with the support of MMDRA, her project was entitled ‘The Mumbai City Noise Mapping Project ’. Lot of Geographical work concerning noise has also been done including noise mapping by Vyas (Vyas, 2002). Noise Mapping makes the government aware and hence enables them to take suitable measures in reducing it, thus leading to proper town planning. The idea of Noise mapping was 1 st undertaken by Defra, a private research organisation in Europe. In India this is fairly a new concept. Noise mapping data can be provided to the relevant authorities for the implementation of right rules and regulation and acts as a basis for future action plans. It is also a great source of information to the citizens. The basic requirements for strategic noise mapping are an existing or a previous or a predicted noise situation, the exceeding of a limit, the estimated number of people location in an area exposed to certain levels of noise, estimated number of dwellings, schools and hospitals in a certain area exposed to specific values of noise indicator. The city of Mumbai has different landuse patterns with the eastern parts being more industrial, south Mumbai commercial, central Mumbai being congested and western suburbs a conglomerations of various developments. The traffic pattern and types of vehicles too differ in various parts of the city, with restrictions of public autorickhshaws in the suburbs . Thus it became imperative to study noise levels in the study on a large scale and identify the critical areas.
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A STUDY TO MONITOR THE ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS

A STUDY TO MONITOR THE ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS OF ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS

A prospective, hospital based study was carried out in 4 selected hospitals of Nashik city in an inpatient as well as outpatient setting. A voluntary ADR reporting form given by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) was filled. The seriousness of the ADRs was graded as per the WHO scale. The data obtained was studied and analyzed further.

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Noise Pollution Analysis during Chhath Puja in Gorakhpur City

Noise Pollution Analysis during Chhath Puja in Gorakhpur City

The analysis of data has revealed that the observed noise levels along all the highway corridors of namely SH-01 and SH-81 Gorakhpur city are alarmingly high. Hence the steps need to be taken for the control of noise by the prescribed authority. For traffic regulation purposes directed towards noise control, the restrictions on traffic flow and speed can be planned especially along the noisy highway corridors that are located in the vicinity of cities and urban areas, using the outcome of this study. Improvement if pavement surface may also be helpful in reducing the noise. Noise barriers like vegetation along the roads can be quite useful for the areas located in the neighborhood on the two sides. They are probable the single most effective weapon in retrofitting an existing roadway, and commonly, can reduce adjacent land use sound levels by up to ten decibel or so. In view of the same, the outcome of the study may be of immense help in traffic planning and environmental assessment of the highway projects especially with respect to traffic noise. It is recommended that traffic noise assessment should be taken up along all the highway of the country on priority with a view to ascertain the status of noise pollution in the adjoining areas and the effect on human health.
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NOISE POLLUTION ANALYSES IN URBAN CITES: BATNA CITY CASE

NOISE POLLUTION ANALYSES IN URBAN CITES: BATNA CITY CASE

Abstract: Urbanization is one of the major events of the contemporary world view to grow with a faster pace. Today there are more than 3 billion urban dwellers and by 2030, it could be three quarters of the population, i.e. 80% of the world population will live in urban cities. The accelerated urbanization causes an increased need for transport. Although transport has produced beneficial effects for society, but its development also generates negative environmental impacts. Politics, “all to the car” caused problems such as disturbance due to noise. Our study of this phenomenon was based on measurements on site to try to map the noise dominates a study covering most of the urban area of the city of Batna.
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Evaluation of noise pollution in Parks of Sanandaj City and zoning with Geographic Information System

Evaluation of noise pollution in Parks of Sanandaj City and zoning with Geographic Information System

It is accepted that noise pollution has a major impact on health, such as physical, physiological, psychological and performance related effects, all over the world. This study aims to evaluate noise pollution in four urban parks located in Sanandaj City, Iran and to zone it in GIS environment. Sound pressure level (SPL) and maximum sound level (L max ) were measured at 45 points (each point was

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Effects of noise pollution on Samen district residents in Mashhad city

Effects of noise pollution on Samen district residents in Mashhad city

annoyance (5). The physiological and psychological effects of noise pollution appear on humans gradually and, in the long run, affect the human nervous system (6). Many researchers have reported that exposure to noise pollution increases the risks related to personal health, like irritability, muscle cramps, stress and anxiety, exhaustion, depression, headache and migraine, loss of body balance, pain, hypertension, cardiovascular problems, gastrointestinal disturbances, sleep disorders, and mental stress (7-12). Annoyance and sleep disorders are the most widely reported effects of noise pollution (13,14). Many studies have assessed the effects of noise pollution in urban areas (15,16). According to these studies, there is a positive relationship between annoyance and increasing exposure to noise from different sources (17-19). For example, a study conducted in the city of Yazd investigated the consequences of noise pollution in different groups. The results revealed that police officers were most highly affected by high noise pollution levels (20). Omidvari and Nouri evaluated the effects of noise pollution on traffic Environmental Health
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Monitoring and Impact Assessment of Land Use Change on Environment in Burewala, Punjab through Geo-Informatics

Monitoring and Impact Assessment of Land Use Change on Environment in Burewala, Punjab through Geo-Informatics

Received: 30 January, 2016 Accepted: 22 February, 2017 Abstract: Urbanization, migration and growth of commercial centers across the world have made global environment vulnerable to harmful noise levels. The worst impacts of land use change on environment are manifold in Pakistan as there is no proper implementation of environmental laws. The present research focused on the impact of land use on environment of Burewala, which is one of the badly affected cities of Pakistan due to growth of new colonies that are resulting in unchecked noise levels. The land use change of Tehsil Burewala between 1999, 2009 and 2014 was examined with the help of satellite imageries from Landsat TM, ETM+ and OLI sensors. Land use change detection based on remote sensing data is an efficient way of obtaining information for several decision making and support systems and works meaningfully as a research and analysis tool. It gives comprehensive information about the urban development of an area. Four major land use classes are identified including agricultural land, built up, bare soil and water bodies. A method of post classification comparison for change detection is used to detect the changes in land use. The results show a significant change in agricultural land and built-up area. Agricultural land has depleted by almost 14%, mainly owing to increase in built up area. It is concluded that study area is under development phase due to which it is experiencing a gradual increase in built up land through different years including infrastructure as well. Noise pollution in general has increased over the years.
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