Top PDF The Market in India for Optical Goods

The Market in India for Optical Goods

The Market in India for Optical Goods

The Market in India for Optical Goods P.S. Bhullar Follow this and additional works at: http://scholarworks.rit.edu/theses This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Thesis/Dissertation Collections at RIT Scholar Works. It has been accepted for inclusion in Theses by an authorized administrator of RIT Scholar Works. For more information, please contact ritscholarworks@rit.edu.

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Fast Moving Consumer Goods Industry in Rural Market  of India: A Case of Mutual Reinvigoration

Fast Moving Consumer Goods Industry in Rural Market of India: A Case of Mutual Reinvigoration

60 Market Size for FMCG Sectors in Rural India The rural market in India is not a separate entity in itself and it is highly influenced by the sociological and behavioral factors operating in the country. The total size of the rural market is estimated at about 83.3 crore people or 68.84% of Indian population (Census, 2011). The rural market brings in bigger revenues in the country, as the rural regions comprise the maximum consumers in this country. The rural market generates almost more than half of the country's income. Rural India contributes a big chunk to India‟s GDP by way of agriculture, self-employment, services, construction etc. The rural population is empowered with rising income, improving education and awareness levels, enhanced contact with the outside world, evolving consumption patterns, emerging lifestyles and, most importantly, shift in occupation from agriculture to manufacturing, self-employment and construction.
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DERIVATIVES MARKET IN INDIA

DERIVATIVES MARKET IN INDIA

developing countries in terms of active market for exchange traded derivatives . The risk is a feature of capital and commodity markets which effect variations in financial assets prices , interest rates and exchange rates, and exposing the corporate world to financial risk . The Future Prospects & Challenges in derivatives market provides an effective solution to the problem of risk embedded in the price of the underlying asset . In India , financial derivatives are available in the forms of currency forwards and options . Equity derivatives-permitted to be traded in SEBI , recognized stock exchanges . In India , the emergence and growth of derivatives market and since its inception in June 2000, derivatives market shows exponential growth both in terms of volume and number of traded contracts. The financial integration in the sense of innovation of derivatives have redefined and revolutionized the landscape of financial industry across the world and derivatives have earned a well deserved and extremely significant place among all the financial products. The benefit is , derivatives the risk management tool that help in effective management of risk by various stakeholders . It provide an opportunity to transfer risk , from the one who wish to avoid it ; to one, who wish to accept it. India’s experience with the launch of equity derivatives market has been extremely encouraging and successful. The derivatives turnover on the NSE has surpassed the equity market turnover. Significantly, its growth in the recent years has surpassed the growth of its counterpart globally. India is one of the most successful developing countries in terms of active market for exchange-traded derivatives. This reiterates the strengths of the modern development of India’s securities markets, which are based on nationwide market access, anonymous safe and secure electronic trading, and a predominantly retail market. There is an increasing sense that the equity derivatives market is playing a major role in shaping price discovery. Factors like increased volatility in financial asset prices; growing integration of national financial markets with international markets; development of more sophisticated risk management tools; wider choices of risk management strategies to economic agents and innovations in financial engineering, have been driving the growth of financial derivatives worldwide and have also fuelled the growth of derivatives here, in India.
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India Market Strategy

India Market Strategy

Figure 23: Slow cement demand growth Figure 24: Real rural wages seeing de-growth Source: Cement Manufacturers' Association, Govt. of India Source: CMIE, Labour Bureau, Credit Suisse estimates As discussed earlier in this section, while demand for milk and meat is rising, supply increases have slowed down price hikes, limiting income growth. Construction seems to have slowed as well, while the mental framework for many market participants seems to be of construction being an infrastructure and sky-scraper linked activity—nearly 60% of all construction jobs are in rural housing (Figure 22 ). As there is no other high-frequency
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The biscuit market in india

The biscuit market in india

“ Spread the Smile” History: ITC was establish in August 24, 1910. With a turnover of US $6 million, it is India’s foremost private sector company. It ranks in the top 10 most valued company and ranks among Asia’s top 50 best performing company. The core competency of ITC include – didtribution reach depth, superiority brand building capabilities, effective supply chain management skills. ITC entered the biscuit market late in 2003. By the ITC entered Britannia and Parle were the market leaders with 82% market share holdings among them. ITC still managed to carve a unique customer base for it because of its unique marketing and competent strategies. ITC entered the market with the “ Sunfeast” brand and later went on to build different product ranges.
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RETAIL MARKET IN INDIA

RETAIL MARKET IN INDIA

Traditionally, most retailers have had very localized operations. This localized nature of the industry is changing as retailers face low rates of growth and threatened profitability at home. New geographies will help them sustain top-line growth as well as permit global sourcing. Profits in retail have steadily been rising and have generated 18 percent shareholder returns between 1994 and 1999. Significantly, retail is also one of the world's largest employers, accounting for instance 16 percent of the US workforce, Poland 12 percent, China 8 percent, India 10 percent and Brazil 6 percent. Factors such as scale in sourcing, merchandising, operational effectiveness and ambience have driven the spread of organized retail.
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India market profile

India market profile

Figure 4 depicts the distribution of India’s forest products import by commodity and country of origin in 2014: the columns correspond to countries, the rows to product categories, and the color coding to the strength relationship between both (i.e. darker colors for countries with higher participation of imports for a given commodity). From this chart, it can be observed that in 2014, 25% of India’s solid wood products imports came from Malaysia, 21% from Myanmar, 5% from China and 49% from other countries. Imports of paper and paperboard products were distributed as following: 15% from China, 10% from the U.S., 8% from Canada and 67% from other countries. Wood pulp – the third commodity in importance – was supplied mainly from the U.S. (34%), Canada (9%) and Malaysia (3%); whereas other countries supplied the remaining 54%.The following sections provide further details on the top three forest products categories imported by India.
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Goods and Services Tax for India

Goods and Services Tax for India

In contrast to a federal VAT, a state VAT transfers the entire power to tax to the provincial governments. The revenue balance in such a regime can be ensured by a reduction in the transfers to the provinces from the union government. However, there are two major difficulties in implementing such a regime. First, since one of the purposes of central transfers is to induce some redistribution of resources, a reduction in the transfers can reduce the leverage the union government has in effecting such regional redistribution. Second, since the strength of the Indian economy would lie in its forging a single common market, form of treatment and monitoring of inter-state transactions would be critical in determining the success of such a regime. While destination principle is considered appropriate, success of a pure zero-rating mechanism is contingent on a reliable and timely information system to record and monitor inter-state transactions. It is possible to find solutions to the second problem, however, the first would remain a constraint.
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India Capital Goods. Q2 Preview: Waiting for Godot. Sector Update INDIA CAPITAL GOODS

India Capital Goods. Q2 Preview: Waiting for Godot. Sector Update INDIA CAPITAL GOODS

Information and opinions presented in this report were obtained or derived from sources that RCM believes to be reliable, but RCM makes no representations or warranty, express or implied, as to their accuracy or completeness or correctness. RCM accepts no liability for loss arising from the use of the material presented in this report, except that this exclusion of liability does not apply to the extent that liability arises under specific statutes or regulations applicable to RCM. This report is not to be relied upon in substitution for the exercise of independent judgment. RCM may have issued, and may in the future issue, a trading call regarding this security. Trading calls are short term trading opportunities based on market events and catalysts, while stock ratings reflect investment recommendations based on expected absolute return over a 12-month period as defined in the disclosure section. Because trading calls and stock ratings reflect different assumptions and analytical methods, trading calls may differ directionally from the stock rating.
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Market Structure in Services and Market Access in Goods

Market Structure in Services and Market Access in Goods

10 The countries are: Australia; New Zealand; China; Hong Kong; Japan; Korea; Taiwan; Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Vietnam; Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka; Canada; United States; Mexico; Colombia; Peru; Venezuela; Argentina; Brazil; Chile; Uruguay; Austria; Belgium; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; United Kingdom; Greece; Ireland; Italy; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Portugal; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Rest of EFTA (basically Norway); Albania;

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Russian Luxury Goods Market

Russian Luxury Goods Market

Experts estimate that the three most promising and fast-growing markets of luxury goods – China, India and Russia – will dramatically change the geography of luxury consumption during the next 5 to 8 years. China has already 300,000 USD millionaires, Russia has 88,000 and India has 70,000. According to the last World Wealth report by Merrill Lynch, there are 15 million consumers in China, Russia and India who can afford to buy luxury goods today, a larger number than those in the West. In fact, it is not uncommon for affluent Russians to spend 13 percent of their household budgets on clothes and shoes, which is more than double of that of the well-off Japanese and British. This certainly makes Russia, and especially Moscow, where 80% of the market is concentrated, a promising country in the eye of high-end goods producers and retailers.
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Effect of Goods and Service Tax on Warehousing Industry in India

Effect of Goods and Service Tax on Warehousing Industry in India

The passage of GST bill, when it happens, can spur large warehouse related investors by logistics providers to derive cost savings from route and warehouse optimization (Business Line July 3 2016-Transport Corporation of India: En route to growth). GST, a revolutionary tax reform that unifies India’s USD 2 trillion economy into a common market with its simple and unified approach aims to immensely benefit the warehousing sector in India-GST a positive impact on the warehousing sector in India(Industry news digest Jul 07,2017)

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Anti-Profiteering In Goods and Service Tax In Context to India

Anti-Profiteering In Goods and Service Tax In Context to India

Conclusion If a super-market you frequent is selling you grocery at a higher price stating that it is due to GST, you can file a complaint to the anti-profiteering authority. Similarly if you are aware that the cost of your toothpaste has moved lower, but your grocery-wala tries to pull a fast one on you by selling it to you at the old price, you know whom to complain to.

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The Study of Goods and Services Tax on Multinational Companies in India

The Study of Goods and Services Tax on Multinational Companies in India

From the Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Sony has put a target of Rs 250 crore sales in the Eastern Region as a strategy plan of aiming 25% growth during the festive season. Mr Kenichiro Hibi, Sony India Managing Director, said that the company is hopeful for the sales in festive season with customer demands. He said that the impact of the goods and services tax has moderated by now. Hibi said that they are expecting much bigger turmoil due to transition to GST. However, the industry has managed much better and the impact has moderated by now. They expect a good festive sales since the underlying consumer demand is strong. Hibi also said that the effective process in the online television space where scores of brands have entered and are under-cutting prices to gain market [13].
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The Counterfeit Market and the Luxury Goods

The Counterfeit Market and the Luxury Goods

When it comes to the luxury goods market, only a fraction of the market acquires these legitimate products, the ones that can afford these goods. The other ones, those who cannot afford it, go for the option of buying a fake, since some of them have the need for these sorts of items but not the availability to acquire them. Most of them do not even see it as harmful towards the brands, since they are established and money does not appear to be a problem. The counterfeit market, according to the sources found, has been growing steadily through the years; since manufacturers from China keep emerging and the sanction they pay if they get caught is not heavy enough to make them stop producing counterfeit goods, the profit they make is worth the risk. The chapter suggests the relevance and impor- tance of alternative technology for tags and labels especially through the NFC tech- nology to prevent counterfeit. The chapter relates with the anti-counterfeit software of BULLA to prevent counterfeit. BULLA could have a fighting chance, with this growth brands would want to take action when it comes to protecting their assets.
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Giffen goods and market making

Giffen goods and market making

This paper shows that information effects per se are not responsible for the Giffen goods anomaly affecting competitive traders’ demands in multi-asset, noisy rational expectations equilibrium models. The role that information plays in traders’ strategies also matters. In a market with risk averse, uninformed traders, informed agents have a dual motive for trading: speculation and market making. While speculation entails using prices to assess the effect of private signal error terms, market making requires employing them to disentangle noise traders’ effects in traders’ aggregate orders. In a correlated environment, this complicates a trader’s signal-extraction problem and may generate upward-sloping demand curves. Assuming either (i) that competitive, risk neutral market makers price the assets, or that (ii) the risk tolerance coefficient of uninformed traders grows without bound, removes the market making component from informed traders’ demands, rendering them well behaved in prices.
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Giffen Goods and Market Making

Giffen Goods and Market Making

Abstract This paper shows that information effects per se are not responsible for the Giffen goods anomaly affecting competitive traders’ demands in multi-asset, noisy rational expectations equilibrium models. The role that information plays in traders’ strategies also matters. In a market with risk averse, uninformed traders, informed agents have a dual motive for trading: speculation and market making. While speculation entails using prices to assess the effect of private signal error terms, market making requires employing them to disentangle noise traders’ effects in traders’ aggregate orders. In a correlated environment, this complicates a trader’s signal-extraction problem and may generate upward-sloping demand curves. Assuming either (i) that competitive, risk neutral market makers price the assets, or that (ii) the risk tolerance coefficient of uninformed traders grows without bound, removes the market making component from informed traders’ demands, rendering them well behaved in prices.
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Giffen Goods and Market Making

Giffen Goods and Market Making

A BSTRACT This paper shows that information effects per se are not responsible for the Gi®en goods anomaly affecting competitive traders’ demands in multi-asset, noisy rational expectations equilibrium models. The role that information plays in traders’ strategies also matters. In a market with risk averse, uninformed traders, informed agents have a dual motive for trading: speculation and market making. While speculation entails using prices to assess the effect of private signal error terms, market making requires employing them to disentangle noise traders’ effects in traders’ aggregate orders. In a correlated environment, this complicates a trader’s signal- extraction problem and may generate upward-sloping demand curves. Assuming either (i) that competitive, risk neutral market makers price the assets, or that (ii) the risk tolerance coefficient of uninformed traders grows without bound, removes the market making component from lqiruphgƒ wudghuv ’ ƒ ghpdqgv/ƒ uhqghulqjƒ
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Market Access and Intermediate Goods Trade

Market Access and Intermediate Goods Trade

Estimates of coefficients for importer market access to finished goods market and exporter production of intermediate goods are significantly positive. Thus, imports of intermediate goods appear sensitive not only to the magnitude of importer demand for finished goods but also to demand of neighboring countries. The coefficient for exporter production of intermediate goods is near unity; this is also consistent with theoretical prediction. Estimated coefficients in the trade cost function are significant with the expected sign. As usual in studies of gravity, short distance and common language between trading partners increase trade in intermediate goods. NAFTA also contributes to expanding the trade among member countries. As expected, the estimated coefficient for importer wages is significantly negative 7 , but the estimation for exporter wages is significantly positive. This unexpected result may be due to the fact that wages also capture worker quality. Since intermediate goods production seems to require workers to be more highly educated than those in finished goods production, the coefficient for exporter wages might be estimated to be positive. Last, the coefficient for price index is significantly negative. Theoretically, this result implies that the elasticity of substitution may be small in intermediate goods or large in finished goods, or that a share of total expenditure on automobiles is large.
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Voting in the Goods and Services Tax Council of India

Voting in the Goods and Services Tax Council of India

States and two Union Territories - Delhi and Puducherry), as required under Clause (2) of Article 368 15 . Five states did not ratify. Before the introduction of GST, the Constitution had delineated separate powers for the Union and the States to impose various taxes. The Union levied excise duty on all goods produced or manufactured in India. The Union also exclusively taxed all services rendered within the country along with applicable cesses, if any. For goods imported into India, the Union levied basic customs duty and additional duties of customs together with applicable cesses, if any. On completion of manufacture as the goods enter the stream of trade, the States levied Value Added Tax (VAT). Additionally, there were State-specific levies like entry tax, luxury tax, entertainment tax, lottery and betting tax, local taxes levied by Panchayats etc.
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