Top PDF The Psychology behind Voting Behavior in Kosovo

The Psychology behind Voting Behavior in Kosovo

The Psychology behind Voting Behavior in Kosovo

This paper has come to the end of its journey, one that has allowed us to explore what guides the voting behavior in Kosovo. It has analyzed and framed some implicit biases that are more likely to affect the voting pattern of the citizens. These implicit biases are social identity, family voting, gender, ideology, and emotions. This was done through a survey of 250 respondents, 40 of whom have also taken the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The results show that although we like to think we apply logic and common sense in every aspect of the world, the most important decisions that we make are guided by irrational subconscious biases. We vote for the political party that is the closest to us. Based on early family influences, we vote for one ideology and one set of moral values even though it may produce socially harmful policies. Our votes shift along the political spectrum based on anxiety and fear induced by a nationalist rhetoric. Finally, we even make political decisions based on the traditional gender roles. When comparing the five implicit biases: social identity, family voting, gender bias, ideology, and emotions, we see that each of them has its importance in different aspects of the voting behavior. For instance, personality traits and ideology (89.60%) is particularly important for the vote choice, but emotions are more important in shifting the votes or mobilizing the population for a certain cause.
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Dissent voting behavior of central bankers: what do we really know?

Dissent voting behavior of central bankers: what do we really know?

To start with there is a large literature in social psychology documenting conformity induced by the fact that a person belongs to a group (Cialdini and Goldstein 2004, Baumeister and Vohs, 2007). Usual explanation of the confor- mity is then either informational influence among the group members or fear of potentially dissenting member of being left out or looked upon negatively by other group members (Brown 2000, chapter 4). In this respect, Berk et al. (2010) find that the differences in voting behavior of internal and external Bank of England’s MPC members occur not earlier than after three years in the office. Still, differences among the monetary decision makers can be given either by their different preferences or by different information they posses. And even with the latter being the same dissent can arise due to a different interpretation of the shared information.
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Social Media and Shaping Voting Behavior of Youth: The Scottish Referendum 2014 Case

Social Media and Shaping Voting Behavior of Youth: The Scottish Referendum 2014 Case

The second school that started in 1948 and continues to the present, was located at the University of Michigan (Visser, 1994a). This school was influenced by the field theory that was presented by Kurt Lewin, whereas a huge impact of Rensis Likert’'s early work in attitude measurement was also observed (Campbell, Converse, Miller, & Stokes, 1954; Converse, 1964). The third school is cognitive, that is a loose collection of scholars who have incorporated insights from cognitive psychology in their voting research (Kuklinski, Luskin, & Bolland, 1991; Lau & Sears, 1981; Sniderman, Brody, & Tetlock, 1991). Wahlke (1979) in his study questioned the exclusive attention of political science regarding mental variables. He recommended the incorporation of ethological, psychophysiological and psychophysical aspects of ethology into political science (Wahlke, 1979).
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Weighting Parties and Coalitions: How Coalition Signals Influence Voting Behavior

Weighting Parties and Coalitions: How Coalition Signals Influence Voting Behavior

Finally, our strategy to estimate the relative importance of competing mechanisms across different contexts can be ap- plied not just to parties and coalitions but to other decision- relevant considerations as well. The literature on informa- tion environments (Jerit, Barabas, and Bolsen 2006; Kuklinski et al. 2001) could use designs similar to our coalition vignettes to show under what conditions certain information environ- ments affect the quality of decisions. A similar model to ours could be employed in the areas of political behavior and po- litical psychology to test the importance of primed informa- tion, for instance for certain policies, and their behavioral consequences. Even a comparative approach is possible, for example, by studying the behavioral responses in different contexts by comparing the importance of the EU-integration dimension for vote choice in EU and national elections. We have shown that coalition signals create a new context that influences decision making by emphasizing different decision criteria. Thus, similar designs to the one used here should help scholars to test observable implications of contrasting mech- anisms that drive political decisions in different contexts.
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Analysis of Consumer Behavior in Regard to the Beef Meat in Kosovo

Analysis of Consumer Behavior in Regard to the Beef Meat in Kosovo

changed. In the consumer psychology and behavior dis- ciplines, it is widely recognized that there exists a dis- tinct filter or gap between the external (objective) and the internal (subjective) world of consumers [6]. It has been indicated that a label and package of can serve as an im- portant factors on overall qualitative perception of the consumer in the evaluation process [4,7,8]. Furthermore, meat quality, labeling and packaging could be as a future strategy for attracting consumer confidence [9,10]. Con- sumers who experienced (bought) meat with a quality label reported a more favorable attitude towards and a better knowledge of labeled meat [11]. To enable the further uptake of quality assurance program and in par- ticular to ensure buyers and consumers are properly in- formed regarding meat, the quality, trust, price, label, package and origin were central pillars of the study ini- tiatives. The overall Objective of the study was to ana- lyze the consumer behavior in regard to beef meat in Kosovo and possibly identify effects of different vari- ables on consumer decision upon purchase this meat.
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Bluff body flow : wake behavior behind a heated circular cylindeer

Bluff body flow : wake behavior behind a heated circular cylindeer

The physical domain is shown in figure 14. The cylinder diameter is defined as L and its center is located in the middle of the domain. The inflow region, left side, is placed 19.5 (a) diameters in front of the cylinder, the main outflow region, right, is placed 49.5 (c) diameters behind the cylinder. The upper en lower borders are placed 19.5 (b) diameters above and under the cylinder, this is sufficiently far away to assume probable blockage does not affect the flow. The thick boundaries surrounding the cylinder are inflow/outflow boundaries.
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The person behind the “broken window” : the influence of the environment and personality on undesired behavior

The person behind the “broken window” : the influence of the environment and personality on undesired behavior

theory is based on the assumption that a comparatively harmless phenomenon, like littering the streets, spraying graffiti or seeing abandoned cars, can lead to much worse signs of disorder like a total state of neglect with high rates of violent and property crime (Wilson & Kelling, 1982). Environmental factors which could signal the beginning state of neglect of a street or a neighborhood are for example discarded cigarette butts on the street, full bags of domestic refuse on the pavements, graffiti on the walls of the houses or dismantled fences which are not repaired. The BWT suggests that an untended environment could stimulate undesired and anti-social behavior in that area, and controlling disorder could reduce minor offences and could eventually decrease serious crimes as well.
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Voting for the Devil You Know: Understanding Electoral Behavior in Authoritarian regimes

Voting for the Devil You Know: Understanding Electoral Behavior in Authoritarian regimes

developed, even a small incentive, such as a sachet of laundry soap or a t-shirt might incentivize someone to vote for them, especially if voters see the gift as a symbol of more things to come (Kramon 2016). But in contrast to both middle-income countries as well as more competitive electoral systems, where the economic promises of the state are far more credible for a much larger percentage of the population, this dissertation will present evidence that the percentage of citizens in under-developed electoral autocracies who vote because of economic incentives is fundamentally smaller. Where economic incentives are not credible or prevalent, we must turn to non-economic explanations for political behavior. In contrast to the existing literature, this dissertation will argue that, apart from economic reasons for voting, citizens also participate in elections for expressive and social reasons (Abrams, Iversen, and Soskice 2011; Brennan and Hamlin 1998; Campbell 2006; Gerber et al. 2014; Riker and Ordeshook 1968).
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The Impact of Ethno Marketing Activities on Consumer Buying Behavior in the Balkans:  The Case of Kosovo

The Impact of Ethno Marketing Activities on Consumer Buying Behavior in the Balkans: The Case of Kosovo

Methodology shows the way how the data was collected and analyzed. The main idea of the study is to find out the role and the influence of cultural factors in the purchasing decision of consumers, and to find out how consumers think about the way companies use ethno marketing and cultural symbols on consumer purchase decisions. The purchasing decision behavior of consumers is a dependent variable which can be influenced by language, cultural elements, symbols, that are independent variables. The study used a primary and secondary data. For collecting the primary data, a structured questionnaire was used. For collecting the secondary data, books, textbooks, online articles, and journals were used. The study used a structured questionnaire with the Likert Scale (1 denoting consumer’s “completely disagreed” position, and “5 denoting completely agreed” position, with 3 being a neutral position). The questionnaire was distributed non-randomly. One hundred forty-eight responses were received and analyzed using the SPSS statistical software.
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The Impacts of Religion and Ethnicity on Voting Behavior of Electorates in Nigeria Since 2011

The Impacts of Religion and Ethnicity on Voting Behavior of Electorates in Nigeria Since 2011

Abstract: The structure and substance of politics in Nigeria revolves largely around the factors of religion and ethnicity. Since independence, the voting behavior of Nigerians has reflected both ethnic and religious bias. In the 2011 and 2015 Presidential elections, the two leading candidates, one a Christian from South, and the other a Muslim from North, practically pitched the religious and ethnic cleavages of the electorate against each other. This study examines the impacts of religion and ethnicity on voting behavior of electorate in the 2011, 2015 and 2019 presidential elections in Nigeria. The study also sought to know which of these factors had the most dominant effect on the voting behavior of the electorate during these periods. The ex-post factor research design was adopted, while data was collected from secondary sources. We adopted the Rational Choice Theory. We found that ethnic and religious sentiments played a significant role in the outcomes of the elections within the period of study. However, religion had the most dominant influence on the voting behavior of the electorate. We recommend: massive re-orientation of the political leadership and the electorates through extensive political education; reducing the incentives for hostile political competition; checking the abuse of religion and ethnic differences in the electoral process.
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The influence of the voter’s occupation on their voting behavior in the European Constitutional Treaty Referendum

The influence of the voter’s occupation on their voting behavior in the European Constitutional Treaty Referendum

9 in the voting decision calculus deriving from occupational characteristics. Evans (2017) states, that usually manual workers have jobs with lower wages, less secure regular incomes, and less secure positions than non-manual workers. He states, that manual workers tend not to have a lot of autonomy or hour flexibility. Evans (2017) states that furthermore, manual workers have less guarantees for sick payment and worse pension expectations than non-manual workers who occupy relatively secure salaried positions with occupational pensions and other benefits. Scheve and Slaughter (2001) state, that unskilled workers and unemployed workers are more likely to be opposed to immigration than highly skilled workers or owners of capital. Although these results are based on data from the United States labor market, it is reasonable, according to Hix and Noury (2007) to assume that a similar effect holds in the EU, due to the fact, that most EU member states have a more rigid and inflexible job market than the United States. The opposition to immigration can be explained with the fact that on average, immigrants are willing to accept lower-skilled and lower-paid jobs than the original national workforce (Borjas, Freeman, and Katz, 1997). Therefore, unemployed and unskilled workers are more likely to be in competition for jobs with immigrants than higher-skilled workers. Hix and Noury (2007) state that capital owners on the other hand benefit from higher levels of immigration, because more immigration will lower factor production costs and more immigrants will mean a larger workforce.
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European Integration, Economics, and Voting Behavior in the 2001 British General Election

European Integration, Economics, and Voting Behavior in the 2001 British General Election

This study examines the electoral effects of support for adopting the Euro in the 2001 British general election. There are several reasons why the EU issue voting hypothesis would apply to questions about the Euro. First, adoption of the common currency requires a major transfer of sovereignty from the national to the supranational level. States that adopt the Euro lose control over monetary policy and face additional constraints over fiscal policies as well. The policy importance (as well as the symbolic meaning) of this issue means that it likely to be salient to voters and parties. Second, there was considerable disagreement over the Euro in Britain at the time of the 2001 election. The major British parties took divergent and public positions on the Euro, which are reflected in the 2001 British Election Study survey data. The mean respondent in the 2001 British Election Study identified the Liberal Democrats as being most in favor of joining the Euro, Labour holding a slightly weaker position in favor, and the Conservatives being opposed. Importantly, respondents were equally divided on the Euro. Thus, there is mass- and party-level disagreement over the issue. This leads to the first
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The Influence of Evolutionary Psychology on Human Mating and Sexual Behavior

The Influence of Evolutionary Psychology on Human Mating and Sexual Behavior

Abstract Over the course of history, human beings have taken keen interest in the mating activity. The survival of the human species has been dependent on sexual mating and human reproduction; the need for sexual companionship has played a pivotal role in building societies and establishing social as well as intimate relationships. To overcome the problem of finding a suitable sexual partner, men and women adopt different strategies, based on their roles in the society. This paper discusses the impact of Evolutionary Psychology on Human mating and sexual behavior. David Buss’s Sexual Strategies Theory is considered one of the major research programs to investigate how this relationship works. This paper aims to provide an emotional and cultural perspective on how evolutionary psychology has influenced human sexual and mating behaviors. It can be said that Buss’s theory, despite being one of its kind, has failed to look at the complete picture. These limitations are due to various reasons; such as over emphasis on the polygamous nature of men, the evaluation of parental investment of both sexes, the problems each of the sexes can solve by using these strategies and how mating is considered an individual activity instead of a cooperative one. The cultural, philosophical and emotional take on the evolution of human sexual behavior brings a fresh and creative outlook.
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Public Participation and Political Culture: A Case Study of Voting Behavior in Jombang Regency

Public Participation and Political Culture: A Case Study of Voting Behavior in Jombang Regency

First, is the elite approach (actor) which put forward commitment between elites through coordination mechanism based on constitution, political institution, and agreement pacts to establish the boundaries of state authority without regarding which political party is on power. Second, institutional approach, is the institution- alization of politics and enhancement of regime performance. The deepening makes the formal structure of de- mocracy be more liberal, accountable, representative and accessible, this thing also makes possible for the creation of freedom and law compliance. Political institutionalization is an effort for strengthening the representative democracy structure and formal governance. Whereas the regime performance should be seen as an effort to result an output policy which positive enough to build political legitimation or to avoid the creation of resistance knots in the community. Third, is the political cultural approach, relate with perception, attitude, support, action and also beliefs about the importance of democratic legitimation. Democracy is believed as the most possible government to implement, this thing is not only manifested by voting, but also with political interest, information, knowledge, opinion formation and also organizational membership. Therefore, the basic political orientation of the partici- pants will increase if the people self-confidence and competency for their political action can result a change. Fourth, is an approach which puts forward the civil society existence. Civil society is the social life sphere or- ganized openly, voluntarily, and self-generating or at least the social life which is independent partially and autonomic from state but bound by legal set up or collective values. Civil society become important because it may foster democracy vitality through five ways which are helping the emergence of values and democratic skills, increasing accountability and people responsiveness towards interest and local matters, giving additional access for marginalized citizens, increasing the check and balances skill towards powers, and giving opportunity for political party and opposition factions to implement the influence to local level.
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The influence of social identity theory on voting behavior in the FIFA Ballon d’Or competition

The influence of social identity theory on voting behavior in the FIFA Ballon d’Or competition

((410+377+318)/1623*100%,table 1) of all the votes (68% of votes from the captains, 63% of the votes from bonds coaches, 74% of the votes from the journalists), so it can be assumed that these three players were by far the three best of the previous season. The high percentage of votes makes clear that the voters couldn’t ignore the quality of these players and had to vote for them. This assumption makes that the possible influence of the social identity theory on the voting behavior of the captains is weakened. To take this into account, the chi-square test is executed without the votes for these three players. This test is carried out for both the three categories separately as for the bonds coaches and journalists taken as one group.
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Using voting technique in mobile robot behavior coordination for goal-directed navigation

Using voting technique in mobile robot behavior coordination for goal-directed navigation

The subsumption architecture is the most well known technique that employs a priority-based arbitration mechanism [3]. In this architecture, priorities are assigned to each behavior. Behaviors with higher priorities are allowed to override the output of behaviors with lower priority via an inhibition link. In state-based arbitration, systems are modeled in terms of finite state automata (FSA). At each state, a distinct behavior is activated and perceptual triggers cause transitions from one state to another. These mechanisms include Discrete Event System [4] and Temporal Sequencing [5]. In win- ner-take-all mechanisms, action selection results from the interaction of a set of distrib- uted behaviors that compete until one behavior wins the competition and takes con- trol of the robot [1]. The behaviors also receive activation and inhibition based on the current state of the world and on the current goals of the system, effectively determin- ing a dynamic prioritization of behaviors. All these arbitration methods solve the prob- lem of conflicting behavior by having one behavior’s command completely override another’s. However, they do not provide an adequate means for dealing with multiple goals that can be satisfied simultaneously.
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Psychology 282: Cognitive and Behavior Therapy Course Syllabus

Psychology 282: Cognitive and Behavior Therapy Course Syllabus

Each student will spend two full days in the schools. As a part of that practicum experience you will complete a number of requirements for this class that are outlined below. (Remember, afternoons are NOT ideal for practicum, so do not plan to do your practicum two afternoons per week.) Assignments of students to schools will be made by the Professors in the School Psychology Program . Please do not request a specific school; this experience is designed to provide you with information about the field. You must put in a minimum of 10 hours per week in the schools for a total of 150 hours for the semester. Students will be assigned to schools in order to gain entry into the schools and to gain first-hand knowledge about the role of the practitioner in the schools.
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Individuality in Fish Behavior: Ecology and Comparative Psychology

Individuality in Fish Behavior: Ecology and Comparative Psychology

impossible to create completely identical environment for all individuals. They receive and respond to somewhat different stimuli. It is also impossible to exclude the random variation of behavior, the more so that natural selection can maintain even completely random behavioral tactics (Cooper and Kaplan, 1982; Labas and Krylov, 1983; Kaplan and Cooper, 1984). All this at first glance completely contradicts the possibility to find stable individual characteristics of the individual.

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Vote-by-Mail: Voter Preferences and Self-Reported Voting Behavior in the State of Oregon

Vote-by-Mail: Voter Preferences and Self-Reported Voting Behavior in the State of Oregon

This research analyzes the results of a recent survey in Oregon in order to assess recent opinion on vote-by-mail and also to estimate the effect of vote-by-mail on the turnout of various demographic and partisan groups. The results show that Oregonians have maintained their over- whelming support for vote-by-mail elections—in particular, women, Independents, Republicans, and older voters. Self-reported responses regarding frequency of voting indicate that women and the employed are most likely to indicate that they have voted more often since the adoption of vote-by- mail. This survey also suggests that this increased turnout under vote-by-mail does not give an advantage to a particular party’s candidates.
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Computers psychology and its impact on human behavior

Computers psychology and its impact on human behavior

A BSTRACT : This work represents a general view on 'psychological computing which is a system of techniques deduced from computing in the philosophical domain containing concepts, methods, computing tools of psychology or neuroscience. . This aims to solve problems, from human behavior and adapted to the digital world while using applications in the field of digital technologies, design and evaluation techniques for human-computer interactions.

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