Top PDF The Question of Homeland Security in Rural America

The Question of Homeland Security in Rural America

The Question of Homeland Security in Rural America

The geophysical location of the Florida peninsula is subject to hurricanes from the first of June through the end of November when cold air from the Arctic region flows down to the Midwest and Southeast parts of the country where it meets warm trade-winds from the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. These same trade-winds often bring heavy rains along with severe thunder storms laden with lightning, which tend to spark grass and forest fires in the Everglades and forested areas of the state. These are natural disasters common to Southwest Florida, but oil spills, on the other hand, are usually technical or manmade disasters caused by negligence, accident, or lack of oversight by companies in their quest for oil. Even small spills tend to affect the state’s source of revenue until they are cleaned up because their effect has a negative impact on the state’s fishing industry, as well as on other water activities which have an adverse affect on tourism. Fires initiated by lightning strikes in the Everglades or forest areas damage the sea of grass, burn trees, kill wild life, and Easterly winds carry the smoke westward toward the more populated areas of the state, which affects people with respiratory conditions. Response to such fires is usually led by the county’s various fire districts and depending on the depth and breadth of the fire, other districts may be called to assist. The state’s Environmental Protection Agency, Homeland Security Department, State Fire Marshal, as well as the Florida Department of Agriculture and Forest Service would also be involved. All funding for these fires is borne by the individual fire districts involved and state supplements, as well as fire fighting grants from FEMA.
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HOMELAND SECURITY STUDIES AND

HOMELAND SECURITY STUDIES AND

or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical, and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses. Although procedures vary from one field of inquiry to another, identifiable features distinguish scientific inquiry from other methodologies of knowledge. Scientific researchers propose hypotheses as explanations of phenomena, and design experimental studies to test these hypotheses. These steps must be repeatable in order to dependably predict any future results. Theories that encompass wider domains of inquiry may bind many hypotheses together in a coherent structure. This in turn may help form new hypotheses or place groups of hypotheses into context. Among other facets shared by the various fields of inquiry is the conviction that the process be objective to reduce a biased interpretation of the results. Another basic expectation is to document, archive, and share all data and methodology so they are available for careful scrutiny by other scientists, thereby allowing other researchers the opportunity to verify results by attempting to reproduce them. This practice, called full disclosure, also allows statistical measures of the reliability of these data to be established. Steps include: Define the question, Gather information and resources (observe), Form hypothesis, Perform experiment and collect data, Analyze data, Interpret data and draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypothesis, Publish results, Retest (frequently done by other scientists).
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Homeland Security Alert

Homeland Security Alert

No such “partial” exemption exists for facilities owned or operated by the DOD or DOE or sites which are significantly regulated by the NRC. Rather, in responding to the Top-Screen question that asks if the facility is owned or operated by the DOD or DOE, a facility can answer only “yes” or “no.” If the facility answers the question “yes,” the Top-Screen will conclude immediately and will inform the facility that it is not regulated under the DHS rules. Similarly, the Top-Screen allows a facility to answer only “yes” or “no” to the question of whether it is “subject to the regulation of” the NRC. DHS has instructed facilities, however, that they can answer this question “yes” only if “the facility is one where NRC already imposes significant security requirements and regulates the safety and security of most of the facility, not just a few radioactive sources.” 18 As with the DOD/DOE
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Homeland Security Bulletin

Homeland Security Bulletin

annual inspections by the RO. 38 Instead of containing substantive safety provisions, the regulation directs entities to “consider” already-promulgated standards for safety, enunciated in several CDC/NIH publications, and the Code of Federal Regulations. 39 RO’s should read Section 73.10 carefully, as there are some parts of the referenced publications that are highlighted and others excluded. This raises the question of whether a violation of the regulation can be established by showing a violation of a preexisting standard. Additionally, subsection (c) indicates certain types of experiments that may not be conducted “unless approved by the HHS Secretary.” 40
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

The administration has not made a strong case for why a substantial amount of biological research should be taken away from the Department of Health and Human Services, which already does good work related to homeland security in places such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and National Institutes of Health (NIH). Its proposal for converting Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, presently a Department of Energy facility with primary focus on nuclear weapons, into an institution focused primarily on homeland security may have greater appeal. But it may not be the best way to reorganize or reorient much of the work done at the nation’s nuclear weapons labs. In short, while useful for placing the research and development issue squarely on the homeland security agenda, the administration’s proposal is not yet a sound basis for government reorganization in this area. Rather than resolve all the complexities associated with a comprehensive homeland security research and development strategy in the context of the “fast track” reorganization now before Congress, the administration should develop an overall proposal incorporating all aspects of research and development (including the critical question of how to tap the potential of existing technologies in the private sector) and submit it to Congress for consideration in 2003.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

The first major question addressed with the model was: How do pandemic conditions affect Internet traffic? An analysis of variance was performed to identify whether the pandemic parameters of Initial Percent Sick, Incubation Duration, Degree of Contagion, Symptomatic Duration, and Mortality Rate would increase, decrease, or have no effect on the network traffic load. The relative impact on the network traffic load was analyzed by measuring the peak home network user population under the different pandemic cases. The graphs in Figure 7.4-1 show the effect of the pandemic parameters on the peak home network user population. Note the base case of no pandemic consists of 38 percent of the population as home network users. These base case users, derived from census data, are those who do not normally commute to work or school during the day.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

Finding Summary Based on the Authority’s procurement actions, FEMA has no assurance that the Authority paid a fair and reasonable price for the contract work and that minority firms, women’s business enterprises, and labor surplus area firms were provided opportunities, to the extent practical, to participate in federally funded work. As a result, we question a total of $1,888,228 of contract work that was not procured in accordance with Federal requirements, as shown in table 1. Although Authority officials claimed a lack of knowledge of the Federal procurement requirements, improper contracting should have been identified during the State’s and/or FEMA’s review process.
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UNDERSTANDING HOMELAND SECURITY

UNDERSTANDING HOMELAND SECURITY

16 The question asked was: “Do you think the federal antiterrorism laws currently on the books in this country are too strong, too weak, or about what they need to be?” Asked by the Los Angeles Times in April 1995 and the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press in March 1996. See http://www.people-press.org/terque.htm. 17 The question the Pew Center asked was: “(I will read a list of some stories covered by news organizations this past month. As I read each item, tell me if you happened to follow this news story very closely, fairly closely, not too closely, or not at all closely.) . . . Reports about activities to prevent terrorism both here and abroad.” Pew Research Center, August 7, 1998, to September 8, 1998.
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Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate: Developing Technology to Protect America

Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate: Developing Technology to Protect America

responders in areas with less critical infrastructure and lower populations should be sought to the extent possible, but the balance should shift further toward higher risk regions. At the same time, more should be done to ensure that all relevant disciplines are consulted, including emergency medical technicians and emergency managers. Recognizing that different segments of the first responder community have different skills and expertise to offer, outreach should be tailored accordingly. First responders in the field can be useful in vetting proposed technologies, providing input on specifications, and participating in testing and evaluation. First responder officials in large cities, at the state level, or in national organizations, are more likely to think in terms of capability gaps on a national level and have the technical expertise to identify and prioritize gaps and requirements. This does not mean that S&T should exclude rural participants, since there are some differences in capability gaps between the urban and rural areas. On-line training on how to identify and describe capability gaps should be provided and the R-Tech outreach plan should be fully implemented and augmented.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

SMALL BUSINESS SET-ASIDE TRACK FUNCTIONAL CATEGORY COMPANY ADDRESS QSS Group, Inc.. EAGLE CONTRACTOR[r]

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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

I . Overview of the DHS FOIA Program A. Overview of the DHS FOIA Program The Department’s FOIA program began with the establishment of the Department of Homeland Security in 2003. Many of the agencies that were merged into DHS had pre-existing, well- established FOIA operations. Elements of those decentralized operations continue today. Subject to Department-wide FOIA regulations and the policy leadership of the DHS Privacy Office, DHS Components are responsible for establishing and maintaining their own FOIA programs and operationally deciding whether to establish a centralized or decentralized FOIA program at the Component or Directorate level 3 . Contact information for DHS FOIA Officers is provided in Appendix C.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

The alternate measures gave airports the option to issue badges without the federally required CHRC and STA background checks. The alternate measures covered the period from April 20 to June 1, 2012 and applied to security badge applications submitted by the airports and waiting on results of CHRCs and STAs. However, aviation workers who were issued badges were required to have their badges revoked if after 14 days TSA had not received their CHRC or STA results. TSA did not track which airports used the alternate measures and the number of badges that were issued under those measures. After an inquiry by our office, the Office of Security Operations initiated a survey in which TSA relied on the airports to self-report whether they decided to operate under the alternate measures and to track employees who were not fully vetted. The Office of Security Operations reported that of the 446 airports nationwide, 290 responded to Office of Security Operation’s request and 168 airports self-reported that they adopted the alternate measures. Five of the airports identified a total of 11 individuals with criminal backgrounds, who received badges during the alternate measures period and would not have received badges if they had been properly vetted. Five of those individuals held their badge for more than 14 days, and therefore those airports were not in compliance with the alternate measure. TSA could have better informed airports on the program challenges. TSA did not inform the airports of the difficulties that were limiting the airport’s choice of vendors. Instead, TSA simply posted information on its WebBoard regarding available vendors without providing current project status and vendor availability. TSA could have improved communication with the vendors involved. For
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

(l) State or territory of issuance. (m) Printed information. The name, date of birth, gender, card number, issue date, expiration date, and address on the face of the card must be in Latin alpha- numeric characters. The name must contain a field of no less than a total of 39 characters, and longer names shall be truncated following the standard established by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) 9303, ‘‘Machine Readable Travel Documents,’’ Volume 1, Part 1, Sixth Edition, 2006. The Director of the Federal Register approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain a copy of ICAO 9303 from the ICAO, Document Sales Unit, 999 University Street, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7, e- mail: sales@icao.int. You may inspect a copy of the incorporated standard at the Department of Homeland Security, 1621 Kent Street, 9th Floor, Rosslyn, VA (please call 703–235–0709 to make an appointment) or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of material at NARA, call 202–741–6030, or go to http:// www.archives.gov/federal _ register/ code _ of _ federal _ regulations/ ibr _ locations.html.
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Safeguarding Homeland Security

Safeguarding Homeland Security

There are important lessons to be learned from the managerial and technological innovations that the governors and mayors describe in this book. As the Mayor of Philadelphia and now as the Governor of Pennsylvania, I have contributed to three books on best practices of state and local governments. I am pleased to participate in the efforts of the Center for Competitive Government of the Fox School at Temple University to address the important issues faced by governments. This book makes an important contribution to the public discussion on the public and private sectors’ role in homeland security.
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DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Last month, at a hearing of the Senate Commerce Committee, Sen. Ted Stevens complained that his wife, Catherine, is frequently mismatched to the watch list name “Cat Stevens.” 33 Senators Ted Kennedy and Don Young are among those who have been improperly flagged by watch lists. 34 Sen. Kennedy was able to resolve the situation only by enlisting the help of then-Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge.

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Homeland Security Program

Homeland Security Program

The SEMA used HSGP funding to conduct exercises for the Homeland Security Response Teams (HSRT) and Forward Regional Response Teams (FRRT) during 2005 and 2004. Upon completion of the 2005 exercises, a contractor prepared after-action reports (AAR's) documenting an evaluation of each response team's exercise. The AAR's identified various implementation steps for each response team to improve upon. Upon completion of the 2004 exercises, each response team completed a self-evaluation regarding the functional areas exercised, lessons learned, and corrective actions needed for improvement. Both the AAR's and self evaluations were obtained by the SEMA. However, the SEMA conducted no documented follow-up monitoring on the teams to ensure action was being taken as noted in the post-exercise reports. As a result of the lack of follow-up, we noted that one HSRT reported on their 2005 exercise similar findings as noted on a previous exercise. Had the SEMA followed up on the previous exercise and required corrective action be taken, the HSRT may have already corrected these deficiencies prior to their 2005 exercise.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

Background Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards Program History After the 2001 terrorist attacks, the Nation developed a greater awareness of potential terrorist targets. For example, chemical facilities became viewed as potentially attractive to terrorists because these facilities could be sabotaged and materials released, stolen, or used as weapons of mass destruction. Even an accidental chemical release can be disastrous, as illustrated in January 2005, when two trains collided and derailed in Graniteville, SC. This accident caused one railcar carrying 90 tons of chlorine gas to rupture, resulting in nine deaths and displacing 5,400 people for 2 weeks. In October 2012, a hydrochloric acid leak created a vapor cloud that drifted over the population of Texas City, TX, injuring nine people. Both accidents occurred in lightly populated areas; an intentional terrorist release of toxic gas in a densely populated area could result in potential catastrophic death and injury. Recognizing this risk, many chemical companies initiated security programs and made significant capital investments to address security concerns. In addition, several States adopted measures to enhance the security of chemical facilities under their jurisdiction.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

Weak Laptop Security Controls Put USCG Data at Risk USCG has not implemented effective security controls on its laptops. Specifically, USCG has not implemented the required DHS and Federal configuration settings on its standard and non-standard laptops. In addition, we identified missing critical and high-risk security patches that are more than 6 months old on more than 95 percent of standard laptops tested. 13 Finally, USCG has not developed procedures to erase and render sensitive data stored on laptop hard drives unrecoverable or document the execution of this process. Implementing effective security controls on USCG’s standard and non-standard laptops will minimize the risk that sensitive information processed by and stored on these laptops can be compromised.
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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

Recommendation #6: Prepare and issue additional revised Public Assistance insurance policy and guidance to address definitions of insurance, deductibles, and se lf -insurance, and cla[r]

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Department of Homeland Security

Department of Homeland Security

To expedite the reporting of alleged fraud, waste, abuse or mismanagement, or any other kinds of criminal or noncriminal misconduct relative to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) programs and operations, please visit our website at www.oig.dhs.gov and click on the red tab titled "Hotline" to report. You will be directed to complete and submit an automated DHS OIG Investigative Referral Submission Form. Submission through our website ensures that your complaint will be promptly received and

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