Top PDF The role of social sustainability in supplier selection.

The role of social sustainability in supplier selection.

The role of social sustainability in supplier selection.

What we now consider as SRP has been known in the past as socially responsible organisational purchasing (Drumwright, 1994; Maignan and McAllister, 2003), corporate social responsibility in the supply chain (Maloni and Brown, 2006), socially responsible buying (Maignan et al., 2002), responsible procurement (Allen, 2006), SRP and disposal (Webb et al., 2008), ethical purchasing (Wells, 2004), socially and environmentally responsible procurement (SERP) (Hoejmose, and Adrien-Kirby, 2012) and socially responsible supplier selection (SRSS) (Thornton et al., 2013). SRP can be defined as the “inclusion in purchasing decisions of the social issues advocated by organisational stakeholders” (Maignan et al., 2002, p. 642). This is a useful definition because it highlights stakeholders as critical, however purchasing has a broader connotation than buying and therefore SRP will be used. Nonetheless, purchasing as a general term will be interchangeable with procurement, buying or sourcing for the thesis, as Miemczyk et al. did in their 2012 article. These varying names and definitions that are used to denote sustainable sourcing to include social, environmental and ethical notions blurs the exact scope of SRP. It will include the social sustainability dimensions for this research. While purchasing relates to the acquisition of external resources at the most favourable conditions, SRP adds social sustainability requirements to the pre-mentioned set of conditions. For example, Leire and Mont (2010) found that labour practices and working conditions, as well as child and forced labour, are main aspects addressed in SRP. Employment practices, labour and management relations, health and safety, employee training, discrimination, collective bargaining, community work, corruption prevention, legal compliance, product labelling or product declaration were also included in fewer cases.
Show more

290 Read more

Introducing social sustainability aspects in supplier selection : the role of governmental intervention

Introducing social sustainability aspects in supplier selection : the role of governmental intervention

The interviews pointed out primarily that: a) the requirements of the Omani national programme drive organisations to select suppliers based on sustainability-related criteria, but b) only a few companies move beyond the national programme requirements. Analysing findings from both survey and interviews as well as contextual information shows that even though some companies of this sector have not been mature enough in adopting principles of sustainability, they have used social criteria to select suppliers. Therefore, the Omani governmental program tends to boost the organisational journey towards social sustainability and in this respect, it has been successful in introducing social sustainability in the Oil and Gas sector supplier selection processes. However, this journey seems to be capped to the requirements of the governmental ICV program as organisations tend to consider compliance to ICV as their contribution to social sustainability and do not go beyond these requirements. Furthermore, all social sustainability aspects considered by organisations and the ICV program refer to external social sustainability aspects, largely neglecting the internal ones; this is another indication that all social sustainability efforts in the sector have been driven by ICV and are limited to the ICV requirements, as they are not driven by the organizational strategy. It can be therefore concluded that governmental intervention can drive organisations to adopt social sustainability aspects in their processes, including the supplier selection process, but the level of adoption will most likely be limited to the governmental requirements, unless social sustainability is transfused into the organizational strategy.
Show more

10 Read more

Introducing social sustainability aspects in supplier selection : the role of governmental intervention

Introducing social sustainability aspects in supplier selection : the role of governmental intervention

The interviews pointed out primarily that: a) the requirements of the Omani national programme drive organisations to select suppliers based on sustainability-related criteria, but b) only a few companies move beyond the national programme requirements. Analysing findings from both survey and interviews as well as contextual information shows that even though some companies of this sector have not been mature enough in adopting principles of sustainability, they have used social criteria to select suppliers. Therefore, the Omani governmental program tends to boost the organisational journey towards social sustainability and in this respect, it has been successful in introducing social sustainability in the Oil and Gas sector supplier selection processes. However, this journey seems to be capped to the requirements of the governmental ICV program as organisations tend to consider compliance to ICV as their contribution to social sustainability and do not go beyond these requirements. Furthermore, all social sustainability aspects considered by organisations and the ICV program refer to external social sustainability aspects, largely neglecting the internal ones; this is another indication that all social sustainability efforts in the sector have been driven by ICV and are limited to the ICV requirements, as they are not driven by the organizational strategy. It can be therefore concluded that governmental intervention can drive organisations to adopt social sustainability aspects in their processes, including the supplier selection process, but the level of adoption will most likely be limited to the governmental requirements, unless social sustainability is transfused into the organizational strategy.
Show more

11 Read more

Urban Transformation and Role of Architecture towards Social Sustainability

Urban Transformation and Role of Architecture towards Social Sustainability

City transformation study from the industrial age to the global city requires vigorous examination. Transformation implies changes over time; the present urban fabric is resultant of successive generations of settlers who left their mark in physical structure as well as political, economic and social institutions. The city passed through a number of transformations since its inception in human history. The industrial revolution of nineteenth century after First World War due to technological revolution has created major transformation, the rapid shift in patterns of settlement from the country to the city. As industrialization changed the nature of urban life, globalization is doing the job since the latter part of the twentieth century - a further transformation process. Previously it was large-scale commodity production for a targeted mass market place, now it is a new system based around the generation of wealth from information services which are globally organized. For survival, cities have to compete in an international system having new hierarchies of power and opportunity from core global cities of New York, London and Tokyo where the worlds information and financial super highway is centered, to regional and local centers.[1] The transition to the urban industrial world and eighteenth and nineteenth centuries produced one of the great transformations in human history. Separation of work and residence took place. Factory based production started. Urban economy become capitalist based which bought labor power from the wage earning men and women. Single family housing came up. Clearer separation of gender roles came up. Women occupied role out of domestic sphere. This was about growth in terms of wealth and urban expansion. Now the transformation has shifted to the so-called knowledge and information industries [1]. Physical placement within particular region is not so important now. Ideas and knowledge are raw materials, industries being the research centers, flow of knowledge needs access. Flourishing sectors in present scenario are Information technologies, and World Wide Web.
Show more

5 Read more

A Comparative Performance Analyze Model and Supplier Positioning in Performance Maps for Supplier Selection and Evaluation

A Comparative Performance Analyze Model and Supplier Positioning in Performance Maps for Supplier Selection and Evaluation

In supply chain, supplier has an important role and in this situation supplier evaluation and selection is gained more significance for companies. So that, it is purposed to improve an evaluation model to evaluate and select suppliers ethodology and -

9 Read more

Factors influencing supplier selection and level of supplier involvement in research and design (R and D)

Factors influencing supplier selection and level of supplier involvement in research and design (R and D)

According to Ting and Cho (2008), obviously selection of the right suppliers plays a key role in any organization because it significantly reduces the unit prices and improves corporate price competitiveness. However, emphasis on quality and timely delivery, in addition to the cost consideration, in today’s globally competitive marketplace adds a new level of complexity to supplier selection decisions. Thus far there are numerous studies of supplier selection decision in manufacturing and service sectors and lacks research and development (R and D) focus, and furthermore studies mainly focus on individual or managerial commitment without serious
Show more

28 Read more

Supplier Selection Using a DEA-TOPSIS Method

Supplier Selection Using a DEA-TOPSIS Method

Supply chain management (SCM) is one of the most important competitive strategies used by modern enterprises. Meanwhile, supplier selection plays an effective role in supply chain, [7]. Supplier selection problem is considered as a multiple attributes decision making (MADM) problem affected by several conflicting factors such as price, quality and delivery. Supplier selection requires the information about potential suppliers’ credit history, performance history and other personal information, which are often not available to the public, so that, strengthening partnerships with suppliers is most important for enhancing competitiveness, [12]. In the other word, supplier selection is evaluated as a critical factor for the companies desiring to be successful in nowadays competition conditions and order allocation are the most significant issues in the purchasing division of enterprises, [9], [13]. TOPSIS method that was developed by Hwang and Yoon (1981) is a famous useful method for MADM problems. This method is based on the concept that the chosen alternative should have the shortest Euclidean distance from the ideal solution, and the farthest from the negative ideal solution. The ideal solution is a hypothetical solution for which all attribute values correspond to the maximum attribute values in the database comprising the satisfying solutions; the negative ideal solution is the hypothetical solution for which all attribute values correspond to the minimum attribute values in the database. TOPSIS thus gives a solution that is not only closest to the hypothetically best, that is also the farthest from the hypothetically worst, [11]. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is an increasingly popular managerial decision tool that was initially proposed by Charnes et al. in 1978. As a nonparametric method for estimating production frontiers, DEA measures relative performance of a set of producers or decision making units where the presence of multiple inputs and outputs makes comparisons difficult. During the last thirty years, significant research has been conducted on DEA for both theoretical extensions and practical applications, including various DEA-based MCDA approaches. A comprehensive survey of DEA among the early attempts of combining DEA with MCDA, [3], explore the utilization of cross-
Show more

10 Read more

Multi criteria supplier selection from social aspects in Thai tyre rubber industry

Multi criteria supplier selection from social aspects in Thai tyre rubber industry

Over the previous two decades, the study of sustainability in supply chain management has increased. While the economic, environment, and social aspect are concentrated in the studies (Purvis et al., 2019), the social dimension were not much explored due to complexity of human behaviour in workplace (Carter & Easton, 2011). The environmental aspects of sustainability have been immensely researched in the supply chain and legislation have been created for green sustainability. According to the very complex human problems, very little has been achieved on social sustainability in the supply chain (Seuring & Muller, 2008). In recent years, the awareness of social sustainability has enhanced not only in private company, but also in public company (Badri et al., 2017). An ethically questionable behaviour of suppliers has a major influence on brand image and business (Ehrgott et al., 2011). For instance, in South Africa, Mmereki et al. (2019) argued that waste tyres production led to health problems in communities. Another issue was in automotive industry, Mansouri (2016) analysed the impacts leading to unethical action in emission tests.
Show more

20 Read more

The role of social media in managing supplier attractiveness: An investigation of business-to-business markets

The role of social media in managing supplier attractiveness: An investigation of business-to-business markets

Secondly, the increased transparency pertaining to daily operations, events, and the connectedness of companies through SM appears controversial. Empirical evidence suggests that managers on the supplier side seek to identify points of contacts via SM when developing buyer-seller relationships. SM proved to be helpful in achieving this endeavour. Some buyers confirmed that they have been contacted by suppliers via SM and that in some cases (e.g. personal WeChat communications) SM may have some positive impact on the relationship with the supplier. There was, however, a sense of protectiveness from the buyers towards information that flows on SM networks. In particular, buyers intend to keep supplier selection criteria, bidding, and pricing information away from SM communications. Such enquires from suppliers can trigger aversion. Some buyers are concerned about the visibility of their suppliers’ connections too. The increased transparency of the network through SM responds to some challenges of multi-level networks (Payne et al., 2011), such as the cohesion between inter-personal and inter-organizational networks. The controversial effect of increasing transparency in supply chains is highlighted by Braziotis and Tannock (2011). Lamming et al. (2006) discussed opaque, translucent, and transparent ways of information-sharing between suppliers and buyers and that social and technology-led drivers increase transparency, without yet incorporating the effects of SM. Our study extends these discussions on transparency to an SM context and proposes that besides relational benefits, the increased transparency on SM creates potential tensions in managing supplier attractiveness.
Show more

31 Read more

Supplier Selection based on AHP QFD Methodology

Supplier Selection based on AHP QFD Methodology

In increasingly competitive markets, customer satisfaction is a vital corporate objective. Key elements to increasing customer satisfaction include producing consistently high quality products and providing high quality customer service. In addition, the intensive global competition among manufacturers to coordinate and respond quickly the industry value chain from suppliers to customers has made customer supplier relationship management important in the new business era. In such circumstances the decision making in each business plays a key role in the cost reduction, and supplier selection is one of the important functions in the supplier relationship management. Very few manufactures now own all the activities along the chain but integrate the supply network from various supplier networks and the ability to make fast and accurate decision often constitute a competitive advantage compared with the competitors or other networks [1].Today’s highly competitive environment is forcing the manufacturing organizations to establish a long-term effective collaboration with the efficient organizations. As a result an effective supplier selection process is very important to the success of any manufacturing organization [2].
Show more

10 Read more

Supplier selection procedure in telecommunication industry

Supplier selection procedure in telecommunication industry

Suppliers play a vital role in ensuring a business organization continuously performed and hence to be successful. The supplier can be broadly categorized into three: potential supplier, supplier in the pool and supplier ousted the pool. Ersoz, S and et.al (2009) underlined that the selection of supplier is not only one of the important decisions but also a critical success factor that contributing to the company performance. Kilincci & Onal (2011) described that the supplier selection process has gained importance due to the cost of raw materials and component parts constituted the main cost of a product, and this eventually affect the company revenues. Supply chain management involves with the selection, coordination and motivation of independently operated suppliers (Agrell, Lindroth & Norrman, 2004). Thus, it is crucial to ensure that the supply chain in one organization is effective because the supply chain has become a major
Show more

5 Read more

Supplier Selection in the Thai Automotive Industry

Supplier Selection in the Thai Automotive Industry

The paper is organized as follows. The next section provides a historical overview of the development of the Thai automotive industry and discusses the effects of government policies on the concentration of auto-parts and automobile manufacturers in Central and Eastern Thailand by using agglomeration theory. The structure and current situation of the Thai automotive industry are outlined in Section 3. Section 4 explains general concepts of subcontracting and compares Japanese and Western subcontracting systems in Thailand. Section 5 presents the theoretical framework, model and data sources. Using cross-section data from 162 auto-parts suppliers, the study employs logit models to examine the role of economies of scale, technology, distance, location advantages, and nationality in supplier selection. Furthermore, differences in supplier selection criteria between Japanese and American assemblers as well as between automobile and motorcycle manufacturers are explored. Section 6 then presents the results and their interpretation, while Section 7 offers concluding remarks.
Show more

50 Read more

Supplier Selection in Supply Chain Management: A Review

Supplier Selection in Supply Chain Management: A Review

Effective and efficient supply chain management now has become a very valuable and important way to remain competitive in the market and to improve the organizational performance. It plays a very important role in staying competitive because the competition among the organizations is effected by the SCM. In supply chain supplier selection process determine the suitable suppliers who provide the right quality products at the right price, at the right time and in the right quantities to the buyer. In order to maintain a competitive position in the global market, organizations have to follow strategies to achieve shorter lead times, reduced costs and higher quality. Therefore, suppliers play a key role in achieving corporate competitiveness, and as a result of this, selecting the right suppliers is a critical component of these new strategies.
Show more

7 Read more

Supplier Selection using combined MCDM Approach -A Case Study for Mobile selection

Supplier Selection using combined MCDM Approach -A Case Study for Mobile selection

Fuzzy set theory provides a major paradigm in modeling and reasoning with uncertainty. In constructing a model, we always attempt to maximize its usefulness. This aim is closely constructed with relationship among these key characteristics of every model complexity credibility and uncertainty. Here uncertainty plays an important role which tends to reduce the complexity and increase credibility of the resulting model. In 1965 the fuzzy set theory was first subjected to technical scrutiny by Lotfi. A. Zadeh, in his seminar work “Fuzzy sets”. It is an extension of crisp sets, by enlarging the triple value set of ‘Grade membership’ from the two value set {0,1} to the unit interval [0,1] of real numbers.
Show more

22 Read more

Supplier selection framework for strategic government procurement

Supplier selection framework for strategic government procurement

I am particularly indebted to my supervisor, Prof. Dr. Nooh bin Abu Bakar for his tireless guidance and encouragement during the course of this project. My appreciation also goes to the Deputy Chief Secretary (Management) of Home Ministry of Malaysia, Yang Berbahagia Dato’ Haji Mohamad bin Md. Yasin, who is the chairman of the tender board for tender KDN/POL/PT/21/2001, particularly for his appreciation and recognition on the use of the AHP technique as a useful tool for supplier selection evaluation. My sincere thanks also go His Excellency, the Malaysian High Commissioner to Negara Brunei Darul Salaam, His Excellency, Tan Sri Mohd Jamil bin Johari, who is the chairman of the technical evaluation committee for allowing me to put my model into test in the tender evaluation process. Tan Sri Mohd Jamil’s tireless involvement in the test, advice and encouragement had played a pivotal role for the success of this research project. I also owed my thanks to the Deputy Chairman of the technical evaluation committee Chairman, Dato’ Mohd Amir bin Sulaiman for his leadership, innovative ideas and deep involvement during the test. My appreciations also go to all the C4I Technical Tender Evaluation team members for their active involvement, cooperation, cheerfulness and constructive comments and encouragement during the model testing.
Show more

46 Read more

Supplier Selection with Fuzzy TOPSIS

Supplier Selection with Fuzzy TOPSIS

With technological advances, customer needs have changed, for demand for lower prices and higher quality at the same time is now on the increase. New developments have led to a fierce market competition in many countries, so organizations have had to meet customer needs with new products and services. Therefore, they have had to cooperate with new suppliers. For businesses, carrying out their activities successfully is directly related to the suppliers’ efficiency as well as their own performances. Supplier selection process is one of the most important issues for organizations. The role of the procurement function is often described as supplying raw material and equipment as well as other materials in sufficient quantity and quality, at an affordable price with appropriate delivery (Tam & Tummal, 2001).
Show more

13 Read more

Diffusion of environmental and social sustainability practices across the supplier base

Diffusion of environmental and social sustainability practices across the supplier base

In terms of the papers that covered supplier selection, performance and development, triple bottom line and environmental and social sustainability were the centre theme of 14 papers. Seven of them were based on the literature review (Ashby et al., 2012; Beske et al., 2014; Beske and Seuring, 2014; Gold et al., 2010b; Kogg and Mont, 2012; Seuring and Müller, 2008; Tachizawa and Wong, 2014). For instance, Seuring and Müller (2008) is one the first papers that covered a full view of sustainability (triple bottom line - TBL) in supply chain management. They focused on triggers and barriers for SSCM and presented a framework including strategies for suppliers’ management of risks and performance and for sustainable products. However, there was less attention given to the role of supply chain management activities in diffusing specific environmental and social sustainability practices. Beske and Seuring (2014) identified five key features of SSCM that were related to supplier selection, performance and development, such as sustainability orientation based on TBL, continuity (long-term relationship, supplier selection and development), collaboration (joint development), risk management (use of standards for selecting suppliers) and proactivity (use of LCA) are key characteristics of SSCM. Four of out 13 papers employed case studies (Forman and Jorgensen, 2004; Koplin et al., 2007; Pagell and Wu, 2009). Automotive, textile and diverse sectors (e.g. paper, food, forest product and cleaning products distributor) were covered by these papers.
Show more

201 Read more

Interval type 2 fuzzy sets in supplier selection

Interval type 2 fuzzy sets in supplier selection

Nevertheless, in the first and second approaches, the rank of suppliers is found same as the result in the work of Ordoobadi, in the third approach, supplier C became the best among three suppliers. In Table VI, it is also clearly seen that the difference between the crisp score of supplier B and supplier C becomes smaller when the widths of fuzzy sets are increased regardless of the fact that there is no important change on Supplier A. Based on results, it is observed that shapes of membership functions have a significant role in the rank of suppliers. Thus, these three approaches are carried out on the next stage in order to develop them using interval type-2 fuzzy sets.
Show more

7 Read more

Social sustainable supplier evaluation and selection: a group decision-support approach

Social sustainable supplier evaluation and selection: a group decision-support approach

Abstract - Organizational and managerial decisions are influenced by corporate sustainability pressures. Organizations need to consider economic, environmental and social sustainability dimensions in their decisions to become sustainable. Supply chain decisions play a distinct and critical role in organizational good and service outputs sustainability. Sustainable supplier selection influences the supply chain sustainability allowing many organizations to build competitive advantage. Within this context, the social sustainability dimension has received relatively minor investigation; with emphasis typically on economic and environmental sustainability. Neglecting social sustainability can have serious repercussions for organizational supply chains. This study proposes a social sustainability attribute decision framework to evaluate and select socially sustainable suppliers. A grey-based multi-criteria decision-support tool composed of the ‘best-worst method’ (BWM) and TODIM (TOmada de Decisão Interativa e Multicritério – in Portuguese “Interactive and Multicriteria Decision Making”) is introduced. A grey-BWM approach is used to determine social sustainability attribute weights, and a grey-TODIM method is utilized to rank suppliers. This process is completed in a group decision setting. A case study of an Iranian manufacturing company is used to exemplify the applicability and suitability of the proposed social sustainability decision framework. Managerial implications, limitations, and future research directions are introduced after application of the model.
Show more

52 Read more

Drivers of sub-supplier social sustainability compliance: An emerging economy perspective

Drivers of sub-supplier social sustainability compliance: An emerging economy perspective

The extant literature on social sustainability emphasises unmanaged social issues that cause disruption, risk, reputational damage (Eltantawy et al., 2009; Mani et al., 2018a), and describes how improved management leads to benefits including better operational performance (Sancha et al., 2015). However, detailed research into the drivers of social sustainability adoption focusing on the sub-supplier linkage is only emerging now. For example, Sancha et al. (2015) promote the role of institutional pressures, i.e., normative, coercive and mimetic, and firm-specific capabilities (supplier integration), and Marshall et al. (2015b) observed that social sustainability compliance drivers in the supply chain include the presence of a sustainability culture and entrepreneurial orientation. Others have established that buyer pressure, having a sustainability culture, regulatory pressure, and social organisation pressure are essential drivers that lead to social sustainability adoption in the upstream supply chain (Mani & Gunasekaran, 2018). As the social issues are time dependant, dynamic and contextual, it is interesting to know their drivers in different emerging economy contexts, where there can be a significant direct impact on bottom-level workers (Dobers & Halme, 2009; Werner, 2009). However, studies to date primarily emphasise upstream supply chain social sustainability and focus on the focal organisation’s first-tier suppliers. They are also silent about sub-supplier social sustainability, and many of them involve a developed nation context.
Show more

50 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...