AUTHORIZATION, 'Approved by Weld Dep.'; ORGANIZATION, 'AVEVA SOLUTIONS';
Each welding operation (and heating in general) in metal structures causes deformation (shrinkage) of the structural elements involved. This means that if e.g. plate parts are described to their nominal sizes they will in the fabrication and assembly process become too small to fit. Thus when fabricating the parts they should already have been compensated for the shrinkage so that the nominal dimensions are reached when the assembly process is completed. AVEVAMarine has a facility for shrinkage compensation that allows a user to describe the model to nominal dimensions but to extract parts that are expanded for the shrinkage. The experiences of shrinkage vary considerably from shipyard to shipyard. Therefore it is necessary for each customer to define their own shrinkage parameters to be used. These parameters are described in a shrinkage object, which should be stored in the SB_OGDB. The name of this object can be selected freely but the file used to create it should have a dat extension. The name of the shrinkage object must be given as an input parameter or default parameter in programs where the shrinkage should be applied.
www.aveva.com The Custom Setup selection form is displayed for the user to select the features to be installed. By default the AVEVAMarine Suite and Initial Design are pre-selected for installation. To install Hull and Outfitting Marine Sample Projects, place mouse cursor on the icon next to Marine Sample Projects, from the right mouse button context sensitive menu chose Entire feature will be installed on local hard drive from the options. The AVEVAMarine (12.1) Setup form now allows the administrator to change the destination folder by selecting the Browse button if required. When the destination folder has been set, click the Next button.
www.aveva.com 4.8 Export Cables
The Export Cables utility allows the user to export cable data to a excel format that can be then imported into the AVEVA Instrumentation application. The export function can be accessed from the main pull down menu by selecting Utilities > Export Cables . The Cable Export form is displayed; the user populates the form by navigating in the design explorer to a cable SITE or ZONE and then clicks the CE button on the Cable Export form. When the form is populated with the required data the user can then click the Export link label.
Once the relevant views are placed in a drawing they can be annotated with further information.
AVEVAMarine12 Series has powerful text and dimensioning functions and full 2D drafting functionality. AVEVAMarine12 Series also has very powerful editing functions. All entities have editable properties, such as, colour, layer, and line type. Whilst a series of transformations provide all other tools needed to edit the layout of the drawing.
Batch Update cannot be used to set any default values to shape data
Once the desired settings are checked on the Update Diagrams Options, it is possible to select the masters for the update to be applied to. Click on the Browse button which is next to Select master shapes to use for update (0 selected). This message will be updated with the number of the master shapes after the selection is accepted. The Select Masters to update form will be displayed where the user can add a stencil and pick some or all masters from it to be updated in the drawing(s) previously selected.
Whereas sound methodic support to analyze and spec- ify variability on the specification level is already avail- able, the situation on the implementation level is quite different. Although a whole string of variability mecha- nisms exits to realize variability in the variation points (at least in the source code assets), e.g. appropriate language constructs, pre-processors, external generators etc., only few methodological and tool support is available that meets the rising demands of variability management. Thus, the mapping between the two levels (illustrated through the question mark in fig. 1.) and the management of variability on the realization level often remains a highly creative, individual and consequently complicated task. In order to cope with the rising complexity induced through variability, more systematic approaches are re- quired. To this end, a general model of variability in prod- uct families is required, which identifies concepts, issues and patterns that can be applied throughout the whole lifecycle of a product family. Before we present our model, we first take a closer look at the implementation level of variability to reveal commonalities in a way vari- ability is realized in the various asset types.
Ten years ago, FPSOs produced 50,000 barrels a day, nowadays it is up to three times as much even though it is a more advanced process. Mr te Pas enters into the argumentation from a different point of view: ‘But another challenge is the increased complexity of the project execution – you want to control and monitor what’s happening in the project far more.’ To meet this extensive requirement, data management is involved. ‘For us it means we have to continuously improve our work processes because you have to do everything in a more structured way. A more sophisticated database environment is the consequence.’ Documented best practices, e.g. expressed in templates, are crucial for SBM Schiedam. But, as Mr te Pas points out, the biggest advantage is that SBM Schiedam is always working in the same engineering-IT environment. It uses its own ‘standards’, which recur in every project. The effectiveness of standardized processes is tracked over many years. Mr te Pas summarizes: ‘We are following AVEVA’s philosophy because it is our own philosophy: Every discipline has to work live in the 3D model and then generate drawings.’ There is no doubt that this is a clear strategy for integrated processes and workflow management.
The percentage distributions per gender and groups of age of the responses to OHIP-1 are homogeneous. In terms of words pronunciation problems caused by oral cavity diseases, it is revealed that: 10% of the men have pretty often had such problems while 21.4% of the women occasionally (Chi-square = 4.79, df = 4, p = 0.310). Per groups of age, it is revealed as follows: 17.2% of the patients aged less than 65 years and 15.2% of those aged over 65 years have occasionally had difficulties of pronunciation (Chi-Square=1,81; df=4; p=0,772) (Tabel 11.III).
USAID is working with the Department of Irrigation in the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL) on improving irrigation systems, the governance of water resources, and the development of micro- hydropower plants. USAID sponsored a meeting of 50 mirabs to facilitate discussion designed to improve collective water use and allow mirabs to learn from each other’s experiences. USAID is also supporting improvement of irrigation infrastructure (reservoirs, dams, and irrigation canals), and development of micro- hydropower plants that harness the energy of moving water to provide villages with electricity. USAID also supports urban water departments (such as the Mazar Water Supply Department) through its implementing partner, the International City/County Management Association (ICMA), as part of the Afghanistan Water and Sanitation Activity (CAWSA) Project. The project helps water-supply departments provide water to more neighborhoods, improve water quality, and enhance operating efficiency (USDOS 2009; USAID 2010a; USAID 2009c; USAID 2010b).
T UITION FEE : EUR 40. Tuition has to be paid directly to the IUC Course Administration.
S CHOLARSHIPS : Selected students will be awarded scholarships of a maximum of EUR 300. Students receiving scholarships will be exempt from paying the tuition fee.
Training Manual For Micro, Small, And Medium Entrepreneurs In Energy Business Financing 4)
5.3.4 Making a decision to borrow
Borrowing is advisable where there is an opportunity to acquire an asset or take advantage of a business occurrence/opportunity that may not wait until entrepreneur gets his/her own money. It makes sense to borrow if the cash flow can show potential to pay the loan installment over time or money is expected in future in lump sum but the opportunity has occurred today. Utilizing such an opportunity today will make a difference rather than waiting.