Below is a topographic map of the greater SanAntonio area to illustrate the general differences between stations. The area of this map covers all locations that are being used in this study. In general, the city of SanAntonio and stations southward are at similar elevations. However, to the north and northwest of SanAntonio, the elevation starts to rise due to a shift to the hill country of Texas. Based on the contour maps seen in later figures, the difference in elevation between SanAntonio and these northern cities is approximately 700 feet. Assuming an average dry adiabatic lapse rate, the temperature difference between the two elevations is 1.4˚C. This is a large impact on temperature that was considered when comparing the data from the urbanSanAntonio area to the more rural northern cities such as Boerne and Blanco.
of illustration in this study because these are the biggest storm events in the summer or late summer in 2002, 2005, and 2007. The UHI in SanAntonio may be affecting or affected by several hydrometeorogical factors along the coastal bend area of Texas. In principle, The UHI may only be connected to convective lifting rather than orographic lifting and frontal cyclone. However, in the case of SanAntonio, continental or maritime air masses may encounter along the shoreline and impact the movement of frontal zone simultaneously. Such sea-land contrasts can generate significant horizontal variability in daytime mixing depths, including shallow mixing depths at the coastline. It leads to grow inland with distance from the Texas coastal bend during onshore flow conditions. As evidenced by the simple ratios in Figs. 11(a) and 11(b), surface cooling in the evening might decouple the flow in the upper part of the previous afternoon’s mixed layer from surface friction and results in cyclic fluctuations of simple ratios under the meteorological trends at both regional and continental scales. It can be seen that single or multiple storm episodes sometimes follow the big variations of LST as marked by squared numbers in both Figs. 11(a) and 11(b) qualitatively. Obviously, some of the storm events might be triggered by different causes such as frontal cyclone at the continental scale that might not be directly related to the local UHI effect at all. From the 305th to 329th day in 2004, precipitation played a critical role to cool down high LST continuously. Alternatively, the intermittent increase or decrease of LST might be the major cause that triggered multiple storm events at the local scale. From the 193th to 209th day in 2007, multiple storm events quickly cooled down LST followed by a continuous increase of LST that might be the cause that triggered the major storm event in Aug. 2007. Overall, using high-resolution daily satellite imagery and measurements of the optical and thermal properties combined with local micrometeorological models may become a good tool in the future to understand cooling and heating regions leading to reveal internal relationships between atmospheric heat islands and urban surface characteristics .
San Antonians have been shopping at Market Square since the 1820's, before Texas joined the United States. The first businesses were a pharmacy and a dry goods store, and the area served as a marketplace for produce and other foods, including chili --- made and served by women known as "Chili Queens" --- beginning in the mid 1800s. Art has always had a place in this vibrant culture center, and in 2005, Museo Alameda opened as the first formal affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution focusing on Latino art. SanAntonio Museum of Art: 200 West Jones Avenue Phone: (210) 978-8100 www.samuseum.org
Texas A&M University-San Antonio's Campus Security Police and Campus Crime and Fire Statistics Report is published annually on October 1 and includes statistics for the previous three years concerning reported crimes that occurred on-campus and the campus fire log; in certain off-campus buildings or property owned or controlled by Texas A&M University-SanAntonio; and on public property within, or immediately adjacent to and accessible from, the campus. The report also includes institutional policies concerning campus securi- ty, fire safety, sexual assault and other matters. The report for 2015 (includes years 2012, 2013 and 2014) is available at www.tamusa.edu or a copy may be obtained by contacting Officer Karen Tucker-Engel, A&M-SA Police Department, Frank L. Madla Building, Suite 120, One University Way, SanAntonio, TX 78224.
In October 1983, Wender purchased the first ranch that would comprise Westover Hills. Developing in West Bexar County was not the prevailing real estate trend, but his background compelled him to make different choices than those made by many real estate developers at that time. Wender moved to SanAntonio in 1969 after graduating from the University of Texas - Austin. He married into a third-genera tion family real estate business that had offices at the corner of El Paso and South Zarzamora streets.
The City of SanAntonio, located in the south-central part of the state, is Texas' second-largest city. It is also the seventh largest city in the U.S. with a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) combined population of more than 2.2 million. Bexar County has grown 22.7% from 2000 to 2010. In addition, According to the US Census Bureau, SanAntonio has the fourth largest numeric population growth of any US city in 2012 and 2013. The city serves as an economic and cultural gateway to the American Southwest. During the 20th century, SanAntonio became an important military center for the Army and Air Force through both World Wars – a distinction which it has retained to this day. SanAntonio is home to Fort Sam Houston, Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, SanAntonio Military Medical Center (the Defense Department’s largest in-patient hospital), Brooks City-Base (a former Air Force Base that has been developed as a commercial zone by the city), Camp Bullis located just outside the city limits and Port SanAntonio, former Kelly Air Force Base, now serving as an industrial/business park. SanAntonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and to the South Texas Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas region. The local community college system, the Alamo Colleges, consists of five schools strategically located around the city, serving upwards of 62,000 students.
Tomka, Steve A.; Fox, Anne A.; and Meissner, Barbara A. (1999) "Mission San Jose Repointing and Underpinning Project, SanAntonio, Texas," Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State: Vol. 1999 , Article 6. https://doi.org/ 10.21112/ita.1999.1.6
In addition to providing a new source of water that will help mitigate the effects of sustained drought in the area, the Brackish Groundwater Desalination Program will also help preserve endangered species within the Edwards Aquifer and its natural springs. The Edwards Aquifer is the source of the only two major springs remaining in Texas – the San Marcos and the Comal – which are home to several endangered species and feed the Guadalupe River Basin. The development of unused brackish water in the Wilcox Aquifer will decrease reliance on the Edwards Aquifer during drought periods, thus promoting the viability and sustainability of environmentally sensitive ecosystems. The Edwards Aquifer is a unique groundwater resource, extending 180 miles through south-central Texas, including SanAntonio. It is the primary source of drinking water for over 2 million people and serves the domestic, agricultural, industrial, and recreational needs of the area.
General historic information for the SanAntonio area was found on various web sites. Other information and data sources checked (by person, telephone, or through the Internet) during this study were: the U.S. Army Medical Department Museum at Fort Sam Houston, Witte Museum, Institute of Texan Cultures Library, University of Texas at SanAntonio Library, Our Lady of the Lake University Special Collections and Library, St. Mary’s University Library, Trinity University Library, Texas Air Museum, Texas Historical Commission, Center for American History at the University of Texas, National Archives and Records Administration Southwest Region, Texas State Library and
Lynda Cavazos is an Adjunct Professor at Texas A&M University and an Educa on Consultant with Pledge2Teach. As a consultant and a researcher, her areas of exper se are early childhood, bilingual educa on, ESL, teacher mentoring and support, a nd pre-service teacher prepara on. She is a Ph.D. candidate in Organiza onal Leadership at the University of Incarnate Word. Her honors and awards include: Teacher of the Year, The Teacher to Honor Award from the University of TexasSan Antonio’s Bilingual Educators Student Organiza on (BESO) and the Norma Ziegler Higher Educa on Professional of the Year Award from SanAntonio Associa on for the Educa on of Young Children (SAAEYC). She has coauthored scholarly ar cles in the American
Elizabeth is heavily involved with the American Society of Women Accountants as frequent lecturer for them on a variety of tax topics and was recently awarded the “Balance Award” by that organization for her ability to balance work, home and community service. She is Chair the Ameri- can Bar Association Section of Taxation Appointments to the Tax Court Committee, Vice Chair of the Pro Bono Committee, and Member of the Nominating Committee. For the State Bar of Texas Sec- tion of Taxation, Elizabeth serves as Treasurer, immediate Past Chair of the Pro Bono Committee, and is a former Director. For the SanAntonio Bar Association, Elizabeth volunteer’s on the continu- ing education committee.
A new source of funding for trauma care will be pro- vided by recent state legislation that increases fines for alcohol-related driving offenses and other moving traffic violations. A portion of the revenue generated by the fines will be used to fund Texas trauma centers. UHS anticipates receiving $1.8 million in 2004 from these new revenues. UHS loses approximately $12 million annually in trauma care provided to unfunded patients; approximately $5.8 million of this amount is accounted for by people who reside outside of Bexar County. 39 The Texas Tertiary Care Fund, which comes from unclaimed lottery winnings, has historically been used to fund trauma services at University Hospital for resi- dents who live outside of Bexar County. These funds are no longer available in light of the state’s budget crisis. Consequently, UHS is unable to include this source of funding in revenue projections after 2002. UHS will be required to provide an increasing amount of unfunded care as a result of losing these funds. Another source of funding for the safety net is federal funds. Both of the FQHCs located in SanAntonio receive funding through federal grants to Section 330 community health centers. By law, these funds must cover the costs of caring for the uninsured. Centro Med estimates that 65 percent of its patient popula- tion is uninsured, while Barrio Comprehensive Health Care estimates that 76 percent of its patient popula- tion is uninsured. 40 In 2002, Centro Med and Barrio Comprehensive Health Care received $4.0 million and $4.1 million, respectively, in federal grant funds. 41
Texas A&M University-SanAntonio is a firearms/weapons-free campus. In accordance with Texas Penal Code Ch. 46, it is a felony to intentionally, knowingly or recklessly possess a firearm, illegal knife or prohibited weapon in the physical premises of a school building or educational institution, to include any buildings under the direct control of the educational institution. Exceptions to this policy are employees who are concealed handgun license holders under Chapter 52 of the Texas Labor Code who are authorized to store a firearm or ammunition in a locked, privately owned motor vehicle in a parking lot, garage, or other parking areas provided by the employer. In order to store a firearm in a motor vehicle, the employee must hold a concealed handgun license (CHL) in accordance with Chapter 411 of the Texas Government Code or otherwise lawfully possess a firearm.
The president and CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas recently stated that Texas was the last into the recent recession and one of the strongest coming out. Texas entered the recession in the fall of 2008, but quickly recovered at a faster pace than the rest of the nation. Companies that are expanding or relocating operations still consider Texas, and SanAntonio, to hold greater opportunities compared with other parts of the country. SanAntonio has a diversified economic base (military, health care, IT, visitor industry) which does not experience the wide swings of the business cycle much of the rest of the country experiences. The challenge over the longer term will be to educate and train the workforce of the future, which includes individual workforce development programs.
Before joining the University of Texas, SanAntonio (UTSA), I served as an assistant, associate, and full professor at the US Air Force Academy for seventeen years. At the Air Force Academy where teaching excellence is emphasized, I was honored to be nominated by the Academy and was selected by the Carnegie Foundation as the Carnegie Colorado Professor of the Year for excellence and innovations in teaching. My teaching philosophy revolves around my belief in education of the whole person through developing skills for life-long learning. I encourage students to develop their knowledge and skills not only as engineers, scientists, problem solvers, innovators, and contributing members of our society but also as true professionals and leaders. I cherish, among the academic recognitions I received, the Academy Educator Award and the Tau Beta Pi (engineering honor society) Professor Award, as the recipients of the awards were selected based on evaluations by colleagues and students. At the Academy, I was a member of the overall Academy curriculum committee, led the efforts to establish the computer engineering program (2003), and served for several years as the chair of the curriculum committee for both electrical and computer engineering programs.
Texas Cooperative Extension faculty in Soil and Crop Sciences and Agricultural Engineering entered into Memorandum of Agreements with the SanAntonio Water System (SAWS) Conservation Program and the Turfgrass Producers of Texas for a two-year research project. The project evaluates the sixty- day drought survival of turfgrass species and cultivars in SanAntonio. Team members constructed the research site, sodded the plots with 25 different turfgrasses (September 2005) and constructed a 5,000 sq. ft. “drought simulator” (rain-out shelter) on the site. The drought simulator covered the plot area during times of rainfall in 2006 to maintain a 60-day summer drought period. Grasses were evaluated during the drought period (July 23 through September 20, 2006). There were differences in time to leaf firing. The 4-inch soil depth plots fired quickly, while those on native soil depth fired more gradually. There were differences on how grass cultivars fired in response to the drought. Immediately following the drought period the grasses were allowed to recover with irrigation for 60 days (September 21 through November 19, 2006). No grasses survived the drought on the 4-inch soil depth. For that rea- son the data presented in this report will concentrate on the response of grasses planted on the unre- stricted native soil. All grasses survived the 60-day drought period. The survival after 60 days recovery, under irrigation, ranged from from 4 to 100 percent living ground cover. The Year 2 plot area was con- structed on a separate site at the opposite end of the drought simulator and planted September 22, 2006. The same set of grasses will again be evaluated for 60-day drought survival in July 2007.
San Pedro Park in the Nineteenth Century
As a result of the annexation of Texas in 1845, disputes between Texas and Mexico that had been growing since the establishment of the Republic of Texas came to a head, and Mexico broke diplomatic relations with the United States. Anticipating the outbreak of hostilities, Brevet Colonel William Selby Harney, with three companies of the 2nd Dragoons, was dispatched to SanAntonio as the vanguard of Brigadier General John Wool’s Chihuahua Campaign (Cutrer 1996:3:466). Due to a lack of adequate quarters in town, a camp was established at the springs and named “Camp Crockett” (Bauer 1974:144–146; Smith 1963:I:270). Anxious to secure a permanent military presence, the city offered the land at the springs to the army, but the federal government refused on the grounds that the land was unhealthy and subject to attack from the high ground nearby (Crook 1967:26; Peyton 1946:85). The area later served as a campground for John Russell Bartlett’s retinue before their departure to survey the limits of the territory acquired as a result of Mexico’s defeat (Bartlett 1965:38).
A convergence of events led to a remarkable partnership. It began in 2001 when The University of Texas Health Science Center at SanAntonio School of Nursing (UTHSCSA-SON) demonstrated its dedica- tion to developing young researchers by creating a Research Scholars seminar. This seminar is held Fridays at noon at the School of Nurs- ing with research scholars and research faculty joining in discussions, presentations, and instruction in current research projects, themes, and conference preparation. In its fourth year, this seminar became a learning environment for Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) and Student Service-Learning. The purpose of this paper is to share with you the steps we took on this journey in creating a project partnership among the Research Scholars and the Prosumer Group. It is our hope to provide an example of a successful partnership that began with a foundation built on mutual respect, trust, integrity, and honesty.
logistics. With a need to coordinate multiple sites, SAEP recognized the need to engage the financial aid professionals from the local higher education community for their collective wisdom and experi- ence with events similar to SASSA. Consequently, a subcommittee was formed to provide technical assistance with site logistics. The selection of sub- committee co-chairs was deliberate and strategic. The two individuals selected were highly respected financial aid experts with a proven record of service to the community and students. As employees from the two largest public institutions of higher educa- tion—Alamo Colleges and The University of Texas at SanAntonio—the co-chairs had previous experience with similar events and working with multiple part- ners such as high schools, community based organi- zations, and state and national organizations. With a structure in place, SanAntonio launched the first effort aimed at increasing financial aid applications, Student Aid Saturdays SanAntonio (SASSA). Other elements that needed to be addressed to execute SASSA were data, outreach, and mobilizing of volunteers.