First assemble the GPRS+GPS shield with the antennas and the simcard installed, and configure your APN, login and password.. Also, set the URL with the IP address of your computer (external IP, not the LAN IP address) or your server's domain. The GPRS+GPS shield is connecting to the network and GPS module get position data and the 3G module that sends the HTTP request with the coordinates of the vehicle. It starts to send the HTTP request every few seconds with data of the position (latitude and longitude). It sends the GPS data through the Internet to the php. Script in your computer.Then we get the position of the device in Google Maps
mobile phone that can use Google Maps, and send and receive message. The vehicletrackingsystem consist of two parts: hardware and the software. The hardware consists of five units: a Arduino, a GSM modem, a GPS modem, a vibrating Sensor and a servo motor. The first important component of the hardware is the Arduino, which is the brain of this system. All hardware units connect to the Arduino. The second device is the Global System for Mobile Communication modem. This device is used to connect to the network and is responsible for sending and receiving instructions. The third device in the system is the Global Positioning System modem. This device is determined the vehicle location and sending this information to the vehicle owner’s mobile phone via internet. The fourth device is the Vibrating Sensor. It is used to detect the accident. The fifth device in the system is the servo motor. This device is act as a locking device. It is used to block and unblock the fuel supply to the engine. The second part of this system is software. The purpose of the software is to control the system.
Abstract: Nowadays, the safety and security of a school going children is important. Safer transportation of school children leads to critical issues such that, kids find themselves locked in the schoolbus at the bus stop after going to school, they miss the bus, or ride the wrong bus with no way to track them. Parents are always worried about safety of their children during commuting to and from their schools. This paper presents an Arduino RFID based intelligent system which is having Arduino Mega 2560 as a main microcontroller and RFID and GPS module is used in order to identifying the children and to track the location of the schoolbus in real time. In this project, safety systems are also implemented such as drunk and drive prevention system by using an alcohol sensor (MQ-3), accident alert with location by using vibration sensor, and detection of hand movements through the window by using IR sensor. The status information of the children will be send by an SMS using GSM to the concerned authorities. In this way the system will allow the parents to know their children location in real time. By including all those above characteristics, we can ensure the school children’s security and safety during their travelling.
This paper proposed a system to detect accidents using sensors like accelerated tilt, temperature, gas and smoke sensors. This system also issues alert messages when child boards and leaves the bus using the RFID tag which was wore by the child by placing that tag before the RFID reader . These sensors and RFID reader are interfaced with ARDUINO UNO board which has ATMEGA328 processor. The outputs of this ARDUINO UNO board are given to GSM module and LCD display. This GSM modem can sends the messages to authorized persons according to the received data . LCD displays the message about the accidents . This total system will be presents in bus, which is called BUS UNIT.
Numerous approaches to vehicletracking, monitoring and alerting system has been proposed so far. AnkitKesharwasni, VaishaliSadaphalt proposed system to overcome problem of public transportation. Wireless sensor network used for monitoring of bus transportation system and record of arrival time of buses at bus stops. The system is Detecting the delay and arrival time of bus at bus stops . KunalMaurya, Mandip Singh and Neelu Jain proposed an anti-theft trackingsystem. Vehicletrackingsystem is real time system which is working on the GPS and GSM technology which provide the location of vehicle to the vehicle owner in the case of vehicle is stolen. It can also be used in wildlife tracking, asset tracking and in stolen vehicle recovery .Xing Jianping, Zhang Jun, et al. proposed GPS real time vehicle alarm monitoring and alerting system used GPRS and CSD on the embedded system. Compared with the conventional single mode of GPRS, this method makes up the disadvantage of the high time delay and the incertitude of the time delay in data transmission .Transportation is a very important shared resource that enabling efficient and effective use of resources like GSM modem and GPS unit that can be installed on a vehicle and used to track its location. This system is located on the bus and GSM modem communicates via SMS with a serverconnected to a basic GSM phone .R. Anil kumar, G, Jyothirmai and K. Rameshbabu Proposed Vehicle positioning System Based on ARM with combination of GPS and GSM can upload the information of the vehicle such as the position and speed to the Monitoring center in time and make it convenient to control the traffic. The vehicle position system has advantage of small size, scalable, reliable and powerful expansibility 
the existing System. The system will replace GPRS with the traditional way of tracking the bus by using GPS system. The GPS will give the exact location and co-ordinates of the Bus. The GPS will be connected to the microcontroller Arduino Uno. The Arduino Uno has web connectivity using GSM/GPRS module. The Arduino Uno is placed in a bus. The bus will have four IR sensors each pair at front and back door of the bus. The IR sensors will count the number of passengers getting into the bus and it will also decrease the count of passengers when they are going out of the bus. Both the IR sensors are connected to the Bluetooth and it sends data to Arduino Uno via Bluetooth. All the information collected by Arduino Uno like location, number of Passenger will be updated on Cloud Server dynamically. There will be an android app for public so that they can track the Bus and also see how many passengers are present in the bus it will also tell the estimated arrival time of Bus. The application will also contain information of Bus like, details of Bus, identity number on which it stops, halts, route of specific bus etc. The app will also help for searching the bus by putting required information like source and destination. We will be using Euclidean Distance formula to calculate the Estimated Arrival Time, which will be shown on an Android Application. Further, we are going to use k-means clustering algorithm for setting the accurate frequency of Bus so that trip of any particular bus should not gets wasted.
GPS or Global Positioning System is a satellite navigation system that provides location and time information irrespective of climate conditions to the user. GPS provides continuous real time, 3D positioning, timing and navigation, worldwide. The GPS is a satellite-based navigation system consists of a network of 24 satellites located into orbit. To estimate 2D position and track movement a GPS receiver must be located on to the signal of maximum of three satellites. The user's 3D position (latitude, longitude and altitude) can be determined with four or more satellites. Once the vehicle position has been determined, the GPS unit can determine other information like time, distance to destination, speed and other.
Due to lack of research about Electrical Vehicletrackingsystem, research about vehicletrackingsystem that similar to Electrical Vehicletrackingsystem wan done. In order to understand more about the vehicletrackingsystem technology, research about current vehiclesystem was done. The vehicle include of bus, van, car and others. In April 2009, two University of Washington (UW) graduate students, Brian Ferris and Kari Watkins have developed a tool named OneBusAway that allow King Country Metro Transit riders to track the bus. To use this service, one must send the bus stop number to the server, later the server will reply with real-time arrival data of the bus.
Many passengers usually get late to their work, due to their decision to anticipate the bus rather than simply using another alternate transportation. A variable message shown on the web which will be real time info regarding the bus showing the time of arrival at a particular bus stop might scale back the anxiety of passengers expecting the bus. With the arrival of GPS and also the omnipresent cellular network, real time vehicletracking for higher transport management has become attainable. These technologies can be applied to transportation systems particularly buses, which are not ready to stick to predefined timetables owing to reasons like traffic jams, breakdowns etc. The increased waiting time and the uncertainty in bus arrival build transportation system unattractive for passengers. The real-time bus position and time observance system uses GPS technology alongside totally different application to fetch knowledge and with code that displays the information online on with different buses on a special route to the user. When this information is given to the traveler by wired or wireless media or online internet media, they can use their time with efficiency and reach the stop simply before the bus arrives, or take alternate means of transport if the bus is delayed. They can even arrange their journeys long before they really undertake them. This
Abstract: Unusual and unexpected conditions on the roads affect the smooth operation of the bussystem and the movement of vehicles. Also, everyday problems such as traffic congestion, unexpected delays, randomness in passenger demand, irregular vehicle dispatching times take place and as a result of which the schedule of the passengers are affected and they have to wait for the arrival of their respective bus. The inconvenience of the passenger can be avoided by introducing a system which provides real-time information about the location and estimated time of arrival of the buses. This project focuses on the implementation of a Real-Time busTrackingSystem (RTBTS), by installing GPS (Global Positioning System)-module devices on college buses which will transmit the current location on the GPS Receiver. The GPS Receiver will be interfaced with a computer and an interface driver will auto save data in a dot text file which will continue to do until the GPS module is connected to a bus. From here the application will retrieve data and store it in web server from where the system will display real-time information of the bus. The real-time bustrackingsystem is a standalone system designed to display the real -time locations of the buses provided by the college.
This is the first study to describe nonfatal schoolbus– related injuries to US children and teenagers treated in hospital EDs using a national sample. The greater annual number of schoolbus–related injuries to children found in this study, compared with previous reports based on other surveillance and reporting systems, suggests that previous estimates were an undercount. The findings from this study indicate that motor vehicle crashes are the leading mechanism of nonfatal schoolbus–related injury for children in the United States. In addition, this study identified several other important mechanisms of schoolbus–related injury. Further research is needed to determine the relative contributions of structural and operational components of the schoolbus, supervision, and rider behavior to the occurrence of these injuries and the effectiveness of occupant restraint systems and other strategies to prevent these types of injuries. Re- search is also needed to further elucidate the factors leading to the observed age-specific injury patterns of schoolbus–related injuries.
The proposed system primarily consists of 2 modules, (i)An Administrator , the only who manages the schoolbus and (ii) The Parent, who can query approximate location of the bus. The information of the student is stored in RFID card this may help to keep a systematic file and fetch facts whenever required. The proposed system offers tracking of schoolbus and easy mode of communication. To make the interaction easier, it made use of SMS mode of alert mechanism, in order to that the parents are benefited.
Information detection module consists of large-range dual-axis accelerometer MMA621010EG and small-scale three- axis accelerometer sensor MMA7260QT. MMA621010EG is a proven special car accident sensor which is integrated XY-axis accelerometer and built-in serial peripheral interface SPI bus, compatible with 3.3V and 5V voltage .The accelerometer has self-test function and circuit can be calibrated for performance before and after the installation. Advanced converter design to improve the sensor offset and over damped response, is available to increase system reliability and reduce the high frequency , high amplitude attenuation of the parasitic resonance. 
tracking and positioning of vehicle by using the global positioning system (GPS) and using sensors to detect the speed of vehicle, passengers present in the bus. The Microcontroller is programmed to control and display the information according to the received signal from the GPS and sensors placed in the bus. GSM modem is used to transmit and receive information. Voice synthesizer get signal from microcontroller , which is used to process the signal. Voice synthesized signal is given to speaker. Speaker gives audio information about nearest bus stop. Mobile is used to get the information about bus. When the people are sending SMS to bus unit, the GSM modem in bus unit receives the SMS and signal is given to level converter and level converted signal is given to microcontroller, which is used to process the signal .GSM modem is used to send the informat ion to mobile[9-15] .
According to World Health Organization(WHO), India is leading country in the road accident deaths. In India, 13 million peoples were dead in road accident in the year of 2014-15. These statistics are reported accidental records but there are numbers of accident which are unreported. Hence the numbers of actual accident are more than the statistic of WHO. According to the survey of Global Status Report on Road Safety, the reasons of the road accident are speeding, drunken driving, minimum use of safety appliances lie helmet and seat belts etc. The existing system mostly focused on the safety of the passenger but not on the immediate help after accident.
and follow these steps again, as the sun traverse from the beginning in next day. Then the output of solar panel is given to the lead Acid battery. The dc power from battery is given as an input to the Inverter, which converts it into an alternating power so that it can be used by home appliances and for Industrial purpose also. The proposed system will be as shown in figure below.
A Relay control is used to cut the ignition as soon as the vehicle comes to a halt. The functioning of relay and servo motor in our desired way is possible because of the use of the arduino as an interface medium. In the programming of the arduino we have specified for the timing of eye blinking that is after what time if the eye remains close the buzzer will go on, while in the programming it is specified when the relay will be
A large number of fatal injuries occur after nightfall. A sound physiological explanation for this is advanced based on the poor temporal characteristics of rod photoreceptors. It is argued that processing information based on low brightness, dull targets is much slower than that for high contrast bright targets . The main aim of this project is to develop an Adaptive Headlight System (AHS) also called an Adaptive Front-lighting System (AFS), to provide better illumination in the roads having steep turns and curved roads, particularly during night time. Adaptive headlights are an active safety feature designed to make driving in the dark or in low-light conditions safer by increasing visibility around curves and over hills. When driving around a curve within the road, normal headlights continue to shine straight ahead, illuminating the facet of the road and the actual path remains dark. Adaptive headlights, on the other hand, swivel their beams according to your steering input so the vehicle’s actual path is lit up [3- 4]. Figure 1 shows car A without AFS and car B with the AFS system. AFS therefore improves the driver’s
communication technology. The primary benefit of such communication will be to allow the emergency information to be propagated among vehicles much quicker than a traditional chain of drivers reacting to the brake lights of vehicles immediately ahead . So to avoid these accidents platoon system is one of the best methods. In this paper we are describing about the communication of vehicles. The aim of this project is to build an answer which allows vehicles to run in platoon system. Platoon is known as road train  i.e. numbers of vehicles are following to each other on strait road. Platoon system is consisting of one master vehicle and number of slave vehicles following to master vehicle. Master vehicle is manually driven. The instructions are given to master vehicle is by laptop. Laptop and master vehicle is wirelessly communicating to each other. Slave vehicle is following instructions given by master vehicle wirelessly. Zigbee modem is used for wireless communication purpose. Slave vehicle can join or leave platoon system on the arrival of desired destination. For this purpose simple switch is given on slave vehicle.
The proposed system architecture for intelligent bus management and monitoring system is shown in Fig. 1. A black-box containing GSM reader, GSM modem is equipped in the moving bus. As the bus approaches a bus stop with an GSM tag, the distance between the reader and the tag decreases so that they can interact with each other. This communication also produces data and the data gained is sent to the BASE-Station via GSM. The entire system consists of three modules: BASE-Station Module, In-Bus Module and Bus-Stop Module. The architecture and working of these modules is described in this section.