Top PDF World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

The labour market (as well as education and training) is heavily segregated along gender lines, with differences between regions and cultures. Also some generalizations about gender divisions in the labour force are quite truthful, men dominate certain sectors and occupations and women others. Women are usually highly concentrated in the sectors that require lesser skills (e.g. agriculture), that promise little chance for career advancements (e.g. services) and that are related to care-giving (e.g.: nursing), which often coincide also with low wages. The gender division of labour is not fixed for all time; it changes in response to wider economic, political and social changes. For example, men and women follow different migration patterns, and engage in different occupations when they migrate. Migration may also result in men taking on tasks that they would not normally consider within their socially ascribed role, like having to cook for themselves. Some migrants often have to accept occupations for which they are overqualified. The employment of immigrant women in industrialized countries, as maids or care-providers, may not make it possible for them to advance their professional area of work [22].
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World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

Fourthly, the Industrial Revolution 4.0, especially the Internet communication, poses challenges for information security for individuals and the whole social community system; especially national economic and political security. The contingent of intellectuals is an important intellectual resource for socio-economic development for each nation as well as international community. They play a great role in creating spiritual and cultural values, bringing about important achievements in science and technology, social sciences and humanities, contributing to promoting social progress. Especially in the context of Industrial Revolution 4.0, science and technology are developing like a storm, the digital age and the Internet connecting everything with artificial intelligence, the role of the intellectual team is becoming increasingly be more important than ever. The role of intellectual hierarchy in different country with variety of political regimes, civilization levels and culture diversities. This topic in the situation of Vietnam is still a gap in the literature review. This study is devoted to clarify the important role of intellectual hierarchy in the successfulness of social security, economic development and environmental protection.
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Some unobtrusive indicators of psychology’s shift from the humanities and social sciences to the natural sciences

Some unobtrusive indicators of psychology’s shift from the humanities and social sciences to the natural sciences

56 http://aajhss.org/index.php/ijhss dissatisfied, and at least in some branches of science, to dispel any cases of doubt, ethical standards instruct authors to indicate all participating scientists with their individual contribution, a demand that is being made by more and more journals for paper submissions (e.g., Nature: ―Authors are required to include a statement to specify the contributions of each co-author―) or before paper acceptance (e.g., Science: ―Before acceptance, each author will be required to indicate their role in the research…‖ ), respectively. Thus, number of authors is rising and continues to climb, partly due to extreme coauthorships of more than 100 or even 150 authors per paper. Such publications present, for example, results of intercultural comparisons, large equipment research, or international studies sampling very specific human genome material from all over the world under the leadership of one scientist (whose fellow coauthors contribute typically one dataset each). Journal articles with single authorship or only few coauthors are more typical for the humanities and the social sciences.
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Research In Vietnam: The Experience Of The Humanities And Social Sciences

Research In Vietnam: The Experience Of The Humanities And Social Sciences

Despite the fact that research productivity in the humanities and social sciences in Vietnam has been poor, the topic not attracted much more than passing attention in the scholarly literature. Pho and Tran (2016, p. 16), reported on a survey of faculty members from across eight disciplinary areas in the humanities and social sciences at a large university in Ho Chi Minh City. Though the lecturers surveyed appeared to regard research and publishing to be important, their enthusiasm for doing research and for publishing was dampened by perceived obstacles in the form of a lack of funds, a lack of time, and difficulties associated with deciding on a research topic and an appropriate journal in which to publish. When considering the prospect of publishing internationally, they were also concerned about writing in a foreign language, as well as about finding an appropriate journal in which to report their research. Le (2016), whose main focus was the development of an academic identity among lecturers in Vietnam, reported that the main concerns of lecturers from the humanities and social sciences across four site universities in the north of the country were the lack of financial support, a fear that their English skills were not sufficiently well developed for the purposes of publishing in peer-reviewed international journals, and a need felt to avoid research topics which might prove to be politically sensitive. In contrast, lecturers from the natural and applied sciences appeared to be more accomplished, more confident, and more cosmopolitan in their approach to research and publishing (Le, 2016, pp. 158-159). Vuong et al. (2017) addressed factors considered likely to impact on research productivity in the humanities and social sciences. These factors included gender, age, research experience and status as the leading (or corresponding) author. Drawing upon ten years of Scopus data, the researchers concluded that the only variables impacting directly on the academic productivity of scholars in the humanities and social sciences were age and status as a corresponding author.
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Peculiarities of publication activity in humanities and social sciences: analysis and prospects

Peculiarities of publication activity in humanities and social sciences: analysis and prospects

The following can be considered as career ambitions: promotion, additional duties, involvement in project works, participation in significant academic events, internships. The same “nominations” serve as privileges and safeguards, alongside with factors of psychological and emotional environment, responsibility for safety, reliability, protection, satisfaction, demand that can be added to the above list. The correction factor used in evaluation of scientific activity of employees within social sciences and humanities, which to some extent correlated a ratio of indexes in technical fields and humanities, may also serve as another privilege.
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International researcher mobility and knowledge transfer in the social sciences and humanities

International researcher mobility and knowledge transfer in the social sciences and humanities

Perhaps the best-known analysis of disciplines is the one that has been developed by Becher and Trowler (2001). Becher and Trowler (2001) employ a typology of disciplinary knowledge based on the degree to which disciplinary knowledge exhibits paradigmatic cohesion (hard equals more, soft equals less), and the degree to which they are pure (i.e., abstract) or applied. From these two dimensions, the authors identify four knowledge-discipline categories: hard-pure (for example, physics), soft-pure (for example, the humanities and some social sciences), hard-applied (for example, technological subjects such as mechanical engineering), and soft applied (for example, social sciences such as education or law). It is instructive to observe that Becher and Trowler place the social sciences and humanities in two categories, acknowledging their internal diversity. The socio-spatial distribution of disciplines as both local and international points to the important role of mobility in their organisation and maintenance. Indeed, it is possible to see disciplines as communities of practice (Becher and Parry 2005) broadly united by institutional proximities achieved through common foundational texts, theories, methods, leading figures, networks, and
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POCARIM policy report 8 : Interdisciplinarity in the social sciences and humanities

POCARIM policy report 8 : Interdisciplinarity in the social sciences and humanities

9 Italians, who commented that, compared to Italy, the model for undergraduate education in Germany involves ‘more cooperation between the disciplines, among different fields’ [IT04]. We can also look at the data on cross-disciplinary activity from a broadly disciplinary perspective, grouping together firstly the humanities, secondly the social sciences, and thirdly economics, business and law (figure 3). Again we find evidence of significant interdisciplinarity, with between 40% and 60% of respondents in all groups indicating the existence and importance of this kind of activity. Our survey reveals that respondents from the social sciences (excluding economics, business and law) were most likely to indicate that interdisciplinarity was important to their current work (58.4%); that they used methods, theories, tools and/or data from other disciplines in their work (56.1%); and that their work involved collaboration with partners from other disciplines (54.4%). Respondents from economics, business and law were least likely to report the importance of interdisciplinarity (45.2%) and least likely to report the use of methods, theories, tools and/or data from other disciplines in their work (45.8%). There were slightly more likely than respondents from the humanities to report interdisciplinary collaborations (43.1% in economics business and law compared to 41.4% in the humanities).
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Usingdewey decimal classificationin library of University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hochiminh, Vietnam

Usingdewey decimal classificationin library of University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hochiminh, Vietnam

One of academic libraries that use DDC in classification is library of University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hochiminh city (USSH-HCM library). USSH-HCM library was established with the aim of supporting training and research activities of faculty and students since 1997. With the open-served-orientation for information users, the library plays an important role in enhancing the quality of education of university through satisfying the diverse information needs of managers, faculty, students, and staff. The USSH-HCM library has function of providing information and knowledge related to field of social sciences and humanities. These information resources could be Vietnamese and many foreign languages such as English, French, Russian, Chinese, Italian, etc. The second function of the library is that the library has taken the responsibility of organizing, managing, supplementing, collecting and preserving the materials, books, newspapers, magazines, tapes, thesis and other kinds of materials. Other function of the library is to provide guidance and to manage activities of ensuring the intellectual property rights of the university. At present, there are five librarians who take responsibility of book classification in USSH-HCM. They have graduated from the same university where have been taught DDC as an important subject in Bachelor of Arts’ curriculum. Following to the results of survey, four of librarians have the working – time with DDC is under 5 years, and one librarian has worked one year. The below figure 1 shows some steps of classification that librarians conduct. All of five librarians have accessed at OPAC of other libraries when they class books, determining the subject headings of books, and read guides of classification, including principles of classification.
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E-Journals in Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities : A Critical Study

E-Journals in Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities : A Critical Study

The previously arcane electronic publishing has now changed into a popular everyday phenomenon fulfilling the exciting promises of many years. In recent years, a respectable portion of the traditional top journals in various disciplines have started offering new channels of access via electronic media that do not differ essentially from their paper formats. Increasingly more full text editions are appearing on the Internet. These electronic versions have both merits and demerits. Some of the advantages include improved retrieval and hyperlinking capabilities and speed of production and distribution. Disadvantages posed by e-journals include technological barriers, economic barriers etc. This paper critically examines some of the important e-journals in disciplines like Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities.
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Open access in humanities and social sciences: visions for the future of publishing

Open access in humanities and social sciences: visions for the future of publishing

What is needed, now that we have dem- onstrated an interest in open access among editors, readers, researchers, and libraries, as well as publishers and funding agencies, is a new model for wide-scale adoption. At this point, APFs are bringing the big publishers on board with open access, but I think it is clear to most everyone that this model will not work across the disciplines or on a global basis. The APFs set by the big publishers, whether profit or nonprofit, often run up to an unaffordable level, although some are more reasonably priced. The answer is not to calibrate the APF to the discipline’s funding base, as if the game is to get as much as you can per article. The social sciences need to lead the way in testing models that will apply to all disciplines and create greater equality of access, and professionalism, to publishing. Among the ideas being tested, I’m cur- rently supporting the idea of publisher-library cooperatives forming among groups of open access journals and libraries to provide professional publishing support based on converting subscription fees to paying for publishing costs. Martin Eve and Caroline Edward at the Open Library of Humanities are currently exploring such a model under the title Library Partnership Subsidies. 11 Simi-
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World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

The general systems theory as an approach to knowledge was first developed by [8], a well-known biologist, in the 1920s. According to [8], it seems legitimate to ask for a theory, not of systems of a more or less special kind, but of universal principles applying to systems in general, which until now was considered a vague, hazy, and semi-metaphysical concept. Social science is one area where systems theory has been applied. In this study, for example, all institutions undertaking a project do so within a time frame, expecting to make returns on investment. However, projects are a conglomeration of processes and stages which have to be observed in sequence to reach completion. Project processes are interdependent components making a whole system. A system is a set of objects or entities that interrelate with one another to make a whole. Reference [9] view a system as “a set of interacting units that endure through time within an established boundary by responding and adjusting to change pressures from the environment to achieve and maintain goal states. In the case of projects, the set of interacting units includes the client and the contractors with whom they will have relationships. Systems theory is therefore about interdependence and gives a way of looking at relationships by looking at parts and wholes, enabling us to look at how parts are related.
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World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

World Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities

It is definite that the prevalence and the effective practical implementation of ethical principles and values in organizations like higher education is crucial. “The legitimacy, credibility, support, and autonomy of higher education institutions rest on the quality of their activities and services related to teaching and learning, research and outreach, as well as the integrity and transparency of their procedures” [3]. Attention needs to be paid to intentional and unintentional threats that could weaken obedience to core work ethics, values, and commitment to good governance in higher education. As UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Public Economics and Public Administration [15] indicated, besides escalating ethnic conflict, crushing poverty, gross human rights violation and swelling unemployment, developing countries are stringently being stricken by poor governance, public officials’ scandals and poor public service delivery stimulated by public servants’ lack of professionalism and lack of basic work place ethics such as fidelity, impartiality, transparency, diligence, punctuality, effectiveness, integrity and so on. Philip
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Online advertising in academic libraries: a case study of university of social sciences and humanities (Vietnam National University – Ho Chi Minh City)

Online advertising in academic libraries: a case study of university of social sciences and humanities (Vietnam National University – Ho Chi Minh City)

LIBUSSH should write descriptions for their website because these descriptions will attract new visitors or search engines can get an overview of the library’ website. Library should begin this task by using meta description tags. Meta description tags, while not important to search engine rankings, are extremely important in gaining user click- through library’ website from the search engine result pages. Normally meta description tags will display below page titles. However, Google just displays 150 characters on meta description tags. If it is more than 150 characters, Google automatically cut off the excess. Therefore, when writing for meta description tags, librarians should write brief introduction about website content, each different site should have a different description tag to introduce this site as well. If library build good titles and meta description tags for library’ website, they can help library increase their ranking on the search engine result pages as Google. In addition, the library should publish images, video clips to introduce about the library such as collections, policies, how to borrow books etc. on library’ website. LIBUSSH can also optimize their website by integrating links to their photos on Flickr, their videos on YouTube or social networking sites. This is not only save money but also can help library collect statistical figure from these tools.
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Making the Implicit Explicit: the Grammar of Inferential Reasoning in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Making the Implicit Explicit: the Grammar of Inferential Reasoning in the Humanities and Social Sciences

interactional practices and grammars of the Humanities knower codes entail. As argued above, it is the interactional practices that entail inferential reasoning using experiential and logical metaphor that are most prized in the ‘cultivated gazes’. But, I argue, the teaching of this is invariably overlooked or left implicit in pedagogic practice in universities. The analysis of student scripts using SFL suggests that, although the Brandom-type comprehension exercises may have made explicit for students the recognition rules required for reading and unpacking academic texts, they failed to make explicit the realization rules for writing legitimate academic texts. The work of the Sydney School suggests that this involves explicitly teaching the grammatical forms (the use of ideational metaphor in particular) that realize the semiotic practices of the academy. Thus the next phase of the work-in-progress reported here we will train TAs and tutors to use Martin’s concepts ‘power words’ and ‘power grammar’ in their work on disciplinary texts with students. The impact of this work will be the subject of another paper.
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The Future of Security Research in the Social Sciences and Humanities

The Future of Security Research in the Social Sciences and Humanities

of intra-state arms control and disarmament efforts (Sandvik 2010). During the 1990s, mainstream inter- national law scholarship viewed the globalisation of legal liberalism, the emphasis on achieving social change through law-making, as a clear ideological indicator of progress: rule of law and good govern- ance agendas were seen as having legitimate and largely benevolent popular effects (Kashmeri 2011, Oberleitner 2005a, Von Tigerstrom 2007). Three major trends connecting security and international law can be identified (Sandvik 2010, Shaw 2003). Firstly, there are the legal instruments developed in the name of global governance, including the emer- gence of non-state players in international law, the growing prominence of international organisations as standard setters, and the increased significance of soft law (Karns & Mingst 2004). The institutional structures and practices of international organisa- tions have gradually become more formalised in law and administrative practices relating to questions of international security (Alvarez 2005, Goldmann 2008, Smrkolj 2008) as a consequence of these organisations’ need to regulate their own internal activities (Goldmann 2008). Subsequent scholarship has analysed and criticised this movement (Barnett & Finnemore 2004, Kennedy 2005, Venzke 2008). Secondly, there is the rise of a new generation of institutionalised humanitarian law. One of the most important advances in international law and security is the evolution of humanitarian law, principally through the emergence of interna- tional human rights courts (Barnett & Finnemore 2004, Douzinas 2007, Evans 2008, Focarelli 2008, Kretzmer et al. 2007, Meron 2000, Teitel 2002, Thies 1999). Finally, there is the rise of the individ- ual in international law, including the question of collective identities in international refugee man- agement, while the inception and recognition of collective rights at international level has led to the emergence of a branch of international law directly related to security issues, in particular relating to women (Colvin 2004, Dudai 2008, Ewald 2002, Gioia 2007, Goodwin-Gill 1996, Kneebone 2005, McLagan 2005, Segall 2002, Slyomovics 2005, Wilson 2001).
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Front line of OA in humanities and social sciences

Front line of OA in humanities and social sciences

monographs. Therefore, we have chosen to partner with four presses who will undertake the editorial labor for us with financial cross subsidization from our enterprises. I cannot name the presses because agreements are in progress, but we have tentative agreements from three of the biggest university presses in the world. This is a mutually beneficial arrangement. For the presses, they get to experiment with open access at potentially no financial cost. They also get to distance themselves from a greedy for- profit model and into a mode that engages with scholar-run initiatives. Meanwhile, we get to associate with their prestige and brand name, which has substantial benefits in our need to persuade authors to submit journal articles. There is a cross subsidization of finance from journals to books in terms of money, and a cross subsidization from books to journals in terms of prestige and reputational capital. The provisional terms of that agreement include open licensing. We accept a range of open licenses. They will be free of charge at source the books in XML, HTML, and PDF formats while the publisher retains the rights to sell hard copies and other digital formats if they so wish. It is a provisional costing study that is the main aim of what we are doing here. It runs over five years, and the aim is to gather evidence as to whether this model of cross subsidization, if scaled up, could be a viable way for university presses to continue their valuable work while also
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As has been argued previously (Siemens & Burr, 2013; Siemens & INKE Research Group, 2012a, 2012b, 2012e, 2013, 2014, 2015), humanists are engaging team research as a way to undertake projects that are too large in size and complexity to be completed by a single researcher. Granting agencies are encouraging this trend with new funding programs that support larger-scale research (Office of Digital Humanities, 2010; Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, 2013). While researchers and other associated team members welcome these collaborations as a way to undertake these kinds of projects (Siemens & Burr, 2013; Siemens, Cunningham, Duff, & Warwick, 2011), work still needs to be done to prepare individuals for working within a team where interdependent tasks must be coordinated, knowledge and progress must be communicated, and an overall research vision must be accepted and enacted (Hara, Solomon, Kim, & Sonnenwald, 2003; Lawrence, 2006; Newell & Swan, 2000).
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Kenyatta University 20th Graduation Booklet

Kenyatta University 20th Graduation Booklet

The Deans of the Schools of Business, Environmental Studies and Human Sciences, Humanities and Social Sciences, Pure and Applied Sciences and Education presents 99, 24, 37,76 and 121 can[r]

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The Philosophicum – Model Project of Philosophy of Medicine in Medical Education and Practice in Germany Perspective Article

The Philosophicum – Model Project of Philosophy of Medicine in Medical Education and Practice in Germany Perspective Article

discussions. Students act as lecturers in the affiliated Fellowship program "Practical Philosophy and Medical Ethics" and actively participate in the lectures‘ planning and implementation. Thus, learning and teaching takes place in a dialogue form which is already described and applied in Anglo-American literature in the concept of the teaching of medical humanities [16] as a "cross-disciplinary" and "cross- institutional" [17] way. The importance of a philosophical view in modern medicine is also recognized in many Anglo- American Medical Schools [18]. In contrast to the Medical Humanities, which include humanities (e.g. literature, philosophy, ethics, history and religion), social sciences (e.g. anthropology, psychology and sociology) and arts (literature, film, theatre) in the curriculum of medical students [16] and thus cover several subjects, the Philosophicum focuses on the philosophy of medicine itself: The focused view allows a systematic reflection in the training of medical students and the medical practice. Didactically, the concept of transformative learning is applied accordingly [19].
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Investigating the Citations Received by Journals of Directory of Open Access Journals from ISI Web of Science’s Articles

Investigating the Citations Received by Journals of Directory of Open Access Journals from ISI Web of Science’s Articles

The other point of this research is that the distribution of the most cited journals is diverse in different fields as the first-rank most cited journals in Arts & Humanities, Social Sciences, and Pure Sciences belong to the subjects which in terms of the number of citations are in the first rank. In Technology & Engineering the most cited journal belongs to the subject which in terms of the number of citations is in the last rank (third rank), and in Health & Medical Sciences belongs to the subject which in terms of the number of citations is in the second rank. On the other hand, the distribution of the second-rank to fifth-rank most cited journals is diverse among subjects and from one field to another field.
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