A RELIEF! AND WE CAN MAKE OUR OWN ANIMATIONS

31 

Full text

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PowerPoint using Animation

PowerPoint using Animation

or Video

or Video

A How To

A How To

The old days: Static overheads, bad handwriting,

The old days: Static overheads, bad handwriting,

scribbles for drawings, students

scribbles for drawings, students

waiting impatiently

waiting impatiently

while you take forever

while you take forever

to carefully thread the

to carefully thread the

projector.

projector.

Then the initial PowerPoint breakthrough

Then the initial PowerPoint breakthrough

-

-

and the

and the

the

the

students

students

waiting impatiently while you take forever to

waiting impatiently while you take forever to

minimize PPT and carefully open a separate program

minimize PPT and carefully open a separate program

to show a digital video

to show a digital video

.

.

Today: now it is more

Today: now it is more

seemless

seemless

; one click and the

; one click and the

video starts playing

video starts playing

WHAT A RELIEF!

WHAT A RELIEF!

AND WE CAN MAKE OUR OWN ANIMATIONS to

AND WE CAN MAKE OUR OWN ANIMATIONS to

replace static overheads or slides

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My

My

FCQs

FCQs

scores have increased

scores have increased

in part due to incorporating animations &

in part due to incorporating animations &

video in PowerPoint lectures.

video in PowerPoint lectures.

Clarity and increased student

Clarity and increased student

comprehension

comprehension

see data in, more details:

see data in, more details:

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http://www.lifescied.org/cgi/content/full/3/3/181?maxtoshow=&HIT

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Animation and PowerPoint

Animation and PowerPoint

1.

PowerPoint itself can animate

2.

Animated Gif- simple, easy

3.

FLASH- complicated, the standard

4.

Movie/video

5.

3-D animation (like Pixar/Disney films)-forget it

To insert animation into PPT 2003: go to the Insert

menu, Point to Movies and Sounds, and then click

Movie from File.

Latest version of PPT is 2003 (2002, 2000 have

fewer abilities)

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WATCH OUT!!

In front of very famous people, or faculty-eating

students, you find that the talk you made on your

office desktop will not play the video when you use a

laptop in the lecture hall.

Animation/movie files are automatically

linked

to

your presentation but they are not

embedded

inside

it like pictures or drawings.

To embed animation files: Use “Package for CD”

under File menu to include all linked files. Also, a

PowerPoint Viewer is included by default on the CD

and will run the packaged presentations on another

computer even if PowerPoint is not installed.

Note This feature was called Pack and Go in previous versions of

PowerPoint.

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1. Use of PowerPoint Animation

1. Use of PowerPoint Animation

Tutorial:

http://office.microsoft.com/training/training.aspx?

AssetID=RC060786731033

To insert a link to the web…go to web site, copy

(Ctl-C) and then paste (Ctl-V) into slide. Then

highlight link and go to

Insert,

and then

Hyperlink

Need wifi for your laptop (don’t trust classroom

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1. PPT animation: PI TURNOVER

1. PPT animation: PI TURNOVER

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2. Animated GIF

2. Animated GIF

-

-•

Though not technically movies, animated

GIFs contain multiple images which stream

to create an animation effect.

An animated GIF can loop endlessly

are not scalable, and can produce very large

files.

However, gif animations are much easier to

develop than those with FLASH

To view them, you have to use Internet

Explorer not a picture viewer (right click on

gif file and choose use of Int Explorer).

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Examples

Examples

Dr. Donald Slish of State University of New

York–Plattsburgh has discussed their use (

Slish,

2000

) and provides many useful examples

(

http://faculty.plattsburgh.edu/donald.slish/anima

tions.html

).

In addition, Dr. Steve Berg of Winona State

University maintains a large number of gif

animations for cell biology

(

http://bio.winona.msus.edu/berg/ANIMTNS/Dire

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Because of the value of the animation,

Because of the value of the animation,

the ease of development of gif animation,

the ease of development of gif animation,

and the skills developed while teaching

and the skills developed while teaching

other students, some biology instructors

other students, some biology instructors

have made development of a simple gif

have made development of a simple gif

animation into a required exercise.

animation into a required exercise.

Free trial of

Free trial of

Gif animator

Gif animator

by

by

Ulead

Ulead

http://www.ulead.com/download/download.

htm

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3. The Standard: Macromedia's FLASH

3. The Standard: Macromedia's FLASH

(

(http://

http://

www.macromedia.com

www.macromedia.com

/software/flash/

/software/flash/

)

)

examples

examples

http://

http://

carbon.cudenver.edu/~b

carbon.cudenver.edu/~b

stith

stith

/cellcrawl

/cellcrawl

ing.swf

ing.swf

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~b

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Post FLASH animation to web site, then put a link to the

web site in your PPT slide

OR if animation file on your hard drive…

Right click on animation file and select “Create Shortcut”

Right click on Shortcut, click Properties, and copy the

address line (highlighted in blue) (Ctl-C)

Add link to PPT slide and remove quotation“ marks- click

on it to show

animation-•

Highlight and click “Insert,” then “Hyperlink” then insert

copied address (removing any “)

C:\Documents and Settings\Owner\Desktop\BRAD\endo

exocytosis.swf

See also:

http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/assistance/HA010348071033.aspx

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You make a starting figure and and ending figure,

and the program makes all “in between” animation

shapes ("tweening“)

FLASH can rapidly import a series of

photomicrographs to produce a time-lapse movie

(see the FLASH swf movie embedded in the

following Web site:

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bstith/waverot.htm

(right click on video to control it).

TAKES LOT OF TIME (tough to learn, 10 hours effort

per one minute animation) – students from Coll Arts

Media can help…

To play FLASH animations, you need a plug in: the Shockwave

player, and it is free

(

http://sdc.shockwave.com/shockwave/download/download.cgi

?&P5_Language=English

).

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PowerPoint and

PowerPoint and

Movies

Movies

"Movies" are desktop video files with

formats such as AVI, QuickTime, and

MPEG, and file extensions such as .avi,

.mov, .qt, .mpg, and .mpeg.

You cannot add a clip from a DVD to your

PPT show unless you use another

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Video of lab procedure, clip from

Video of lab procedure, clip from

popular movie, or science film

popular movie, or science film

1.

Tape movie from TV on VHS or directly by

digital movie camera (copy from DVD….)

2.

Transfer to computer through iLINK

3.

Edit on computer; add title, cuts, dissolves,

etc.

Movie Maker

software for Windows XP

is available free from Microsoft.

4.

Transfer to laptop for classroom: burn onto

CD (choose file type- mpeg) or DVD (stand

alone- not linked to PPT)

5.

If a mpeg file on hard drive, use a Link in a

PPT slide

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Don

Don

t expect Hollywood quality; files are

t expect Hollywood quality; files are

huge

huge

see Lorenzo

see Lorenzo

s Oil clip

s Oil clip

……

……

You can test a movie to see if it will play

You can test a movie to see if it will play

in PPT

in PPT

-

-

test with Windows Media Player.

test with Windows Media Player.

If the movie doesn't play, Windows Media Player gives

If the movie doesn't play, Windows Media Player gives

you detailed error messages and a Help link that can

you detailed error messages and a Help link that can

help you troubleshoot the problem.

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1. Clutch

1. Clutch

Model for

Model for

Cell Crawling

Cell Crawling

--

tough for

tough for

students to

students to

follow

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FLASH Animation shows motion

FLASH Animation shows motion

.

.

(developed after taking a couple of

(developed after taking a couple of

FLASH courses

FLASH courses

but like a foreign

but like a foreign

language, if you don

language, if you don

t use it daily,

t use it daily,

the animation takes forever

the animation takes forever

.)

.)

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bstith/cellcra

wling.swf

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2. Method:

2. Method:

Freeze Fracture

Freeze Fracture

(what is E face and

(what is E face and

P face? From

P face? From

same cell?

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FLASH Animation showing

FLASH Animation showing

two cells are shown in

two cells are shown in

Freeze Fracture

Freeze Fracture

(developed with

(developed with

Coll

Coll

Arts &

Arts &

Media Student Arthur Lam)

Media Student Arthur Lam)

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bstith

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bstith

/cell.swf

/cell.swf

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3. From

3. From

Devel

Devel

.

.

Biol

Biol

: The

: The

Wnt

Wnt

Pathway:

Pathway:

1.Extracellular

1.Extracellular

ligand

ligand

Wnt

Wnt

binding to its membrane receptor

binding to its membrane receptor

(frizzled) followed by activation of the receptor.

(frizzled) followed by activation of the receptor.

2. The receptor in turn activates (shown by

2. The receptor in turn activates (shown by

) the

) the

intracellular protein disheveled

intracellular protein disheveled

3. which then inhibits (==|) glycogen

3. which then inhibits (==|) glycogen synthase

synthase

kinase 3

kinase 3

(GSK

(GSK-

-3).

3).

4. Once GSK

4. Once GSK-

-3 is inhibited, it can no longer induce the

3 is inhibited, it can no longer induce the

destruction of beta

destruction of beta

-

-

catenin.

catenin.

OR (

OR (

wow! I am using visual aid

wow! I am using visual aid

!!)

!!)

-

-

From

From

Developmental

Developmental

Biology

Biology

by Gilbert:

by Gilbert:

Wnt

Wnt

Frizzled

Frizzled

Disheveled ==|GSK-

Disheveled ==|GSK

-3 ==|Beta

3 ==|Beta-

-catenin.

catenin.

Students this

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FLASH animation of

FLASH animation of

Wnt

Wnt

Path

Path

(from Dr. Randy Moon,

(from Dr. Randy Moon,

Univ

Univ

Wash)

Wash)

http://faculty.washington.edu/rtmoon/movies/cell.

swf

Not perfect, but emphasizes that Wnt leads to

increased Beta Catenin…

This is one FLASH animation that you can steal

and put on your hard drive (note the URL has a

.swf ending; this is a flash file that is not

embedded in a htm file; if the flash file IS

embedded, it is tough to steal it). Rt click on link

to save the animation.

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4.

4.

Apoptosis

Apoptosis

too much in

too much in

one figure so

one figure so

cover part

cover part

(use

(use

Draw

Draw

toolbar, alter

toolbar, alter

transparency)

transparency)

but still too

but still too

complicated

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An .

An .

avi

avi

animation file on Apoptosis

animation file on Apoptosis

path involving

path involving

Trophic

Trophic

Factors

Factors

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~bstith/apoptos

is.avi

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5. How the Resting Membrane

5. How the Resting Membrane

Potential develops

Potential develops

[K] is high inside the cell (due to the NaK pump)

K

+

channels are a bit more open than channels of other

ions (e.g., Na

+

and Cl

-

channels are mostly closed)

K

+

moves out of the cell from high to low concentration –

movement of the + ion out makes the cytoplasm

NEGATIVE (and NOW THE TOUGH PART…)

K

+

EFFLUX STOPS WHEN ELECTRICAL AND

CONCENTRATION GRADIENTS ARE EQUAL AND

OPPOSITE

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Fig. 13

Fig. 13

-

-

4 Figure from Text (World

4 Figure from Text (World

of the Cell)

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Animation of Development of Resting

Animation of Development of Resting

(Equilibrium) Membrane Potential

(Equilibrium) Membrane Potential

K Channels open, K

+

moves due to DIFFUSION FORCE

(see arrow).

Then the developing membrane potential FIGHTS

further K movement. THIS IS THE ELECTRICAL

FORCE.

At the end of the animation, K is in equilibrium (diffusion

and electrical forces are equal and opposite).

THE ANIMATION SHOWS THE SHRINKING OF THE

DIFFUSION FORCE (arrow shrinks in size) AND

GROWTH OF THE ELECTRICAL FORCE (arrow grows)

UNTIL THE TWO ARROWS ARE EQUAL and

OPPOSITE.

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Animations are not needed for all

Animations are not needed for all

static illustrations

static illustrations

Animations do not produce miracles;

Animations do not produce miracles;

but studies suggest an increase of 15

but studies suggest an increase of 15

-

-20% in correct answers

20% in correct answers

on certain

on certain

questions

questions

when animation was used

when animation was used

(questions on topics involving motion,

(questions on topics involving motion,

location within cell, multiple steps,

location within cell, multiple steps,

etc)

etc)

Are we all (in part) visual learners?

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Remember that you can often take

Remember that you can often take

animations off the web;

animations off the web;

Google search with key word and “animation”

Right click on the animation link and select Save

Target As or Save Picture As to put on your hard

drive.

http://faculty.plattsburgh.edu/donald.slish/animati

ons.html

Does not work if you save htm file not original

swf or gif file (try using MS Front Page)

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Vocabulary

AVI-Windows AVI provides the capability to develop animation files that can be included in multimedia

presentations and as part of WWW pages. The files (which end with an .avi extension) require a special player.

compression-method for making file size smaller and therefore easier/quicker to transfer

GIF- (Graphics Interchange Format) developed by Compuserve. standard image format (along with JPEG) for the

WWW.Technically, a GIF uses the 2D raster data type, is encoded in binary, and uses LZW compression. There are two versions of the format, 87a and 89a. Version 89a (July, 1989) allows for the possibility of an animated GIF, which is a short sequence of images within a single GIF file. A GIF89a can also be specified for interlaced

presentation.

JPEG-is a graphic image created by choosing from a range of compression qualities. When you create a JPEG or

convert an image from another format to a JPEG, you are asked to specify the quality of image you want. Since the highest quality results in the largest file, you can make a trade-off between image quality and file size. Formally, the JPEG file format is ISO standard 10918.

Kb-kilobyte a measure of computer memory or storage, a kilobyte (KB or Kbyte*) is approximately a thousand

bytes (actually, 2 to the 10th power, or decimal 1,024 bytes).

Mb-megabyte as a measure of computer processor storage and real and virtual memory, a megabyte

(abbreviated MB) is 2 to the 20th power bytes, or 1,048,576 bytes in decimal notation.

morph-artificial animation by running a sequence of images together.

MPEG-(Moving Picture Experts Group) a movie format.MPEG (pronounced EHM-pehg), the Moving Picture

Experts Group, develops standards for digital video and digital audio compression. It operates under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The MPEG standards are an evolving series, each designed for a different purpose. (Note that .mp3 file suffixes indicate MP3 (MPEG-1 audio layer-3) files, not MPEG-3 standard files.) You can download shareware or commercial MPEG players from a number of sites on the Web.For additional information, see About MPEGon the official MPEG Committee Web site. An illustrated Overview of the MPEG-4 Version 1 Standardis available.

Plug-in- applications are programs that can easily be installed and used as part of your Web browser. A plug-in

application is recognized automatically by the browser and its function is integrated into the main HTML file that is being presented.

PNG-A patent-free replacement for the GIF, the PNG format, has been developed by an Internet committee and

major browsers will soon be supporting it.

Quicktime-is a multimedia development, storage, and playback technology from Apple for all platforms that

combine sound, text, animation, and video in a single file. Using a Quicktime player that either comes with a WWW browser or can be downloaded from Apple or the browser company, you can view and control brief multimedia sequences. Quicktime files can be recognized by their file name extensions: qt, mov, and moov.

Shockwave-developed by Macromedia, is a family of multimedia players. WWW users can download the

Shockwave players (Windows and Mac) from the Macromedia site and use it to display and hear Shockwave files.

streaming-means that movies or sounds play as they arrive and you do not have to wait until the complete file

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End

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PP2 SRC INHIBITOR

PP2 SRC INHIBITOR

PP3 AS A CONTROL

PP3 AS A CONTROL

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References

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