Music and Color Therapy

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Music and

color

therapy

Review on music &

color therapy.

Done by: Mina Fouad

Every disease is a musical problem. Its cure is a musical solution the more rapid and complete the solution, the greater the musical talent of the doctor.

Novalis

The purpose of this research is to provide a general idea about music and color therapy to non-medical reader so it does not include in-depth details of these types of treatment. It includes only simple information about the nature and benefits of these types of treatment.

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Introduction:

To many people the linking of the words "music" and "therapy" is very obvious, especially if they have discovered other self-help uses of music besides entertainment. Music therapy provides an opportunity for anybody to make a relationship with a trained music therapist where aspects of problems or difficulties can be addressed. In music therapy the music is not an end itself but is used as a means to an end it's trying to make contact with another human being through music. Definitions have changed in emphasis over the years as the profession has adapted to different needs and contexts.

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ccording to the World Federation of Music Therapy (WFMT):

Music therapy is the use of music and/or musical elements (sound, rhythm, melody & harmony) by a qualified music therapist, with a client or group, in a process designed to facilitate and promote communication, relationships, learning, mobilization, expression, organization, and other relevant therapeutic objectives, in order to meet physical, emotional, mental, social and cognitive needs. Music therapy aims to develop potentials and/or restore functions of the individual so that he or she can achieve better intra and inter-personal integration and consequently a better quality of life through prevention, rehabilitation and treatment.

History of music therapy:

Music therapy in the USA began in the late 18th century. However, using music as a healing medium dates back to ancient times. This is evident in biblical scriptures and historical writings of ancient civilizations such as Egypt, China, India, Greece and Rome. Today, the power of music remains the same but music is used much differently than it was in ancient times. The profession of music therapy in the United States began to develop during W.W.I and W.W. II, when music was used in Veterans Administration Hospitals as an intervention to address traumatic war injuries. Veterans actively and passively engaged in music activities that focused on relieving pain perception. Numerous doctors and nurses witnessed the effect music had on veterans' psychological, physiological, cognitive, and emotional state. Since then, colleges and universities developed programs to train musicians how to use music for therapeutic purposes.

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Theoretical foundations of music therapy:

1- Vibrational Tuning theory:

The Vibratory Nature of the Human Organism : all that of which the human body is

composed bone, blood, nerve, muscle is comprised of cells. Cells contain protoplasm which consists of twenty-four chemical elements combined in various compounds. The atoms of the elements carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen constitute more than 99% of the atoms in protoplasm. Atoms, according to fundamental chemistry, are the smallest part of an element which still retain the characteristics of that element. In atoms, electrons vibrate around protons. Vibrational medicine, which validates that everything in the Universe is in a state of vibration and the frequency at which an object or person most naturally vibrates is called resonance. Bones and organs in the body, all possess a different resonant frequency. When an organ or part of the body is vibrating out of tune or non-harmoniously, it is called "dis ease" or disease. A body is in a healthy state of being when each cell, each organ creates a resonance that is in harmony with the whole being. Vibrational medicine is based on the idea that all illness or disease is characterized by blockage in the channels on some level, either in nadis, meridians, arteries, veins, or nerves when there is a blockage, the organ in question stops vibrating at a healthy frequency and thus it results in some kind of illness. So, through sound and light, one can break up, dissolve and release these blockages.

2- Brain waves theory:

What are brain waves?

Naturally our brains produce electrical impulses that travel throughout our brains. These electrical impulses produce rhythms known as ‚brain waves.‛ Brain wave activity can be observed with a tool called an ‚EEG‛ or Electroencephalograph.

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Brainwave Frequency Chart Listing

Gamma brain waves

cycling at 40 Hz are associated with problem solving in both

adults and children. Gamma brain waves are known to aid you in learning and mental acuity.

High beta brain waves

are associated with fear, anxiety, excessive thinking, rapid thinking

Beta brain waves

are considered your ‚fast brain wave‛ activity. Each time you focus, analyze, perform calculations, or think about your external environment, beta waves are at work.

Alpha brain waves

are associated with meditative states, visualization, and idleness of your optical system. Each time you daydream, relax, or close your eyes, alpha activity increases.

Theta brain waves

are commonly linked to enhanced levels of creativity, and emotions.Allow us to recover our long-term memories , repressed memories / repressed emotions, and improve our spiritual connection.

Delta brain waves

are commonly associated with deep sleep patterns and are the dominant brain-wave pattern among infants.

Research has shown that music with a strong beat can stimulate brainwaves to resonate in sync with the beat, with faster beats bringing sharper concentration and more alert thinking, and a slower tempo promoting a calm, meditative state. Also, research has found that the change in brainwave activity levels that music can bring can also enable the brain to shift speeds more easily on its own as needed, which means that music can bring lasting benefits to your state of mind, even after you’ve stopped listening. Alterations in brainwaves change other bodily functions governed by the autonomic nervous system, such as breathing and heart rate, can also be altered by the changes music can bring. Music Therapy can help counteracting or preventing the damaging effects of chronic stress because it can activate the relaxation response, slowing the breathing and heart rate and then promoting not only relaxation but health.

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6 3-Chakra theory:

this explanation is based on the concept of energy centers in the body according to Ayurveda medicine which says that that there are seven centers, each called "Chakra". The word comes from the Sanskrit cakra meaning "wheel" or "circle "and sometimes also referring to the "wheel of life".

The chakras are described as being aligned in an ascending column from the base of the spine to the top of the head. Each of these seven major chakras is associated with a specific color, shape, sense organ, natural element, and mantra. (Mantra is a sacred syllable that makes you vibrate at the chakra frequency, if you use the corresponding mantra.)

All «chakras» have a certain frequency related to musical scale and this disrupted by the disease and music therapy to restore their natural frequency.

The chakras are thought to vitalize the physical body and to be associated with interactions of a physical, emotional and mental nature. They are considered loci of life energy, which is thought to flow among them along pathways called nadis. The function of the chakras is to spin and draw in this Universal Life Force Energy to keep the spiritual, mental, emotional and physical health of the body in balance.

The Seven basic chakras:

Sahasrara

crown chakra

-Sahasara meaning thousand fold. -mantra for this chakra is OM. -located at the top of the head.

-is said to be the chakra of consciousness, the master chakra that controls all the others. Its role would be very similar to that of the pituitary gland, which secretes hormones to control the rest of the endocrine system, and also connects to the central nervous system via the hypothalamus. Symbolized by a lotus with a thousand petals.Its color is Violet

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Ajna

The third eye

-Ajna meaning to perceive or to command -mantra for this chakra is SHAM.

-located in the center of the forehead above the eyebrows. -is linked to the pineal gland. Ajna is the chakra of time and awareness and of light. The pineal gland is a light sensitive gland that produces the hormone melatonin, which regulates the instincts of going to sleep and awakening. It has been conjectured that it also produces trace amounts of the psychedelic chemical

dimethyltryptamine. Symbolized by a lotus with two petals.

Vishuddha

Throat chakra

-Vissudha meaning purification -mantra of this chakra is HAM. -located in the throat

-is said to be related to communication and growth, growth being a form of expression. This chakra is paralleled to the thyroid, a gland that is also in the throat, and which produces thyroid hormone, responsible for growth and maturation. Symbolized by a lotus with sixteen petals

Anahata

heart/emotions chakra

-located in the center of the chest. -mantra :chanting an OM

-is related to love, equilibrium, and well-being. It is related to the thymus, This organ is part of the immune system, as well as being part of the endocrine system. Symbolized by a lotus with twelve petals.

Manipura

solar plexus chakra

-Manipura meaning city of jewels

-mantra to resonate with this chakra is RAM.

-is related to energy, assimilation and digestion, and is said to correspond to the roles played by the pancreas and the outer adrenal glands, the adrenal cortex. These play a valuable role in digestion, the conversion of food matter into energy for the body. Symbolised by a lotus with ten petals.

Swadhisthana

-located in the groin -Mantra for this is YAM.

-related to emotion, sexuality and creativity.

This chakra is said to correspond to the testicles or the ovaries - Symbolised by a lotus with six petals.

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Muladhara

Root Chakra

-Mula means root and adhara means support.it is also the man connection to earth.

-located at the base of the spine.

-is related to security, survival and also to basic human potentiality. This center is located in the region between the genitals and the anus.

Although no endocrine organ is placed here, it is said to relate to the inner adrenal glands, the adrenal medulla, responsible for the fight and flight response when survival is under threat.

In this region is located a muscle that controls ejaculation in the sexual act.

-mantra : UH

4-Endorphin theory:

Endorphins are peptide chains of five amino acids, which are endogenous opiates produced by the body.

They have a "widespread behavioral regulatory role". They have been found to be connected with feeding, drinking, sexual behavior, attention and motivation, normal and abnormal cell and tissue growth, and have been associated with various mental illnesses, e.g. schizophrenia and depression

It is believed that the music stimulates endorphin levels and provides

a distraction from pain and anxiety .

Categorization of the place of music therapy in the field of medicine: (Dileo-Maranto)

Music therapy may relate to the medical treatment of the patient in a variety of ways:

A) Supportive to medical treatment (e.g. the use of music listening during kidney dialysis) B) As an equal partner to medical treatment (e.g. the use of singing in conjunction with medication as a treatment for respiratory disorder)

C) As a primary intervention for a medical condition (e.g. the use of music listening to directly suppress pain

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Models and methods of music therapy:

1-Improvisational Music Therapy Method:

The improvisational model often includes Nordoff-Robbinsor other types of improvisational styles. The basic philosophy of improvisational music therapy is that these techniques elicit a client's response from every level. It develops contact with the client within the context of the musical experience. The role of a music therapist in this model often works supportively,

creating a musical emotional environment that accepts and enhances the client's responses. This method provides experiences for socialization, communication, and expression of feelings and emotions among group participants.

The most common instruments used for this method are rhythm instruments and Orff

instruments. The music therapist can also integrate movement, speech, and drama in this model.

Nordoff-Robbins:approach to music therapy developed from the pioneering work of Paul Nordoff and Clive Robbins in the 1950s/60s. It is grounded in the belief that everyone can respond to music, no matter how ill or disabled. The unique qualities of music as therapy can enhance communication, support change, and enable people to live more resourcefully and creatively. There are several Nordoff-Robbins centres

worldwide. Paul Nordoff and Clive Robbins

2- Singing and Discussion Method

Singing and discussion is a typical music therapy method that can be used for adolescent populations as well as for the elderly. The music stimulates clients responses to the lyric parts. Sometimes the music itself encourages the expression of thoughts and feelings associated with the songs.

Typical procedures of this method are as follows: The therapist usually opens the session by singing songs familiar to the clients. After singing several songs, the therapist leads a discussion related to the themes of the songs. Once each client has expressed and discussed his or her own

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thoughts, feelings, and ideas, the therapist improvises a song with the words from the clients.This can be a very positive conclusion to the session (in fact, the therapist makes a song to be

positive) so that each client might carryover his or her feelings and emotions in productive ways.

3-Guided Imagery and Music GIM:

The Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music (GIM) is a music-assisted therapy used to explore one's own inner world and help clients to work on significant life issues, for instance, disturbing old memories, losses, traumata, bothering health conditions, and relationship issues. While being guided, strong emotions are released and the client finds helpful resolutions. Helen L. Bonny, the founder of GIM, has created specific music programs, which a trained facilitator can use to guide a client.

Theoretical background: images give a face to emotions and tend to personalize them. Disturbing imagery left in the unconscious can lead to emotional and physical difficulties. The more one is able to bring images to consciousness, the more healing occurs.

It has been found especially effective for clients seeking help with :anxieties, grief, and loss relationship and divorce related issues, career changes and stages of transition in life, stress and burnout situations, trauma and sexual abuse, old and burdening memories that need to be resolved.

Each GIM session consists of five stages and follows a certain structure. The five stages are as follows:

a. Pre-session and music selection :

Each session begins with a discussion about a possible goal for the session. Both traveler and guide agree upon a focus, intention, or key image the client wants to work on. The intention is like a steering wheel: it gives purpose and meaning to the journey as it engages the traveler to explore the inner landscape. The chosen intention enables the guide to choose the appropriate music for the session, matching the energy and the mood level of the client .

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11 b. Relaxation:

The traveler is asked to lie down on a comfortable mat and close his eyes. With a few words, the guide gives suggestions to quiet down and breathe slowly. The relaxation puts the traveler in an altered state of consciousness. Before the music starts, the intention is formulated. When the music begins, it evokes images, body sensations, and feelings. The traveler is asked to dialogue with the guide about the unfolding imagery and to describe the experiences stimulated by the music .

c. Music and guide are a team :

In GIM, the music is seen as an auditory co-therapist and partner of the guide. It acts upon the body, mind, and spirit of the traveler. The guide is cooperating with the music. When the music becomes louder, the guide becomes silent, and when the music is giving space, the guide is asking questions. The questions help the traveler to focus on the emerging imagery. At the beginning of a session, frequently asked questions are such as :

Where are you right now"? What are you drawn to"? "What do you feel"?

Additional interventions can follow, which support the traveler to deepen the inner experience. A GIM guide is also using music interventions such as :

Allow the music to be with you". Does the music bring you anything"? "Let the music help you letting go of"... What is the music telling you"?

d. Closure and integration:

After about 25-30 minutes the music program comes to a close and the traveler is prepared to get ready to end the inner journey, to open the eyes and come back to the here and now .

e. Post-session :

Processing a session assists the traveler to find out about messages/insights of the session and how they might relate to the everyday life.

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12 4-Clinical Orff Schulwerk Method:

This approach, utilizing the method of music education developed by Carl Orff for German school children, has been specially adapted for mentally retarded and autistic children in the United States. COS or Clinical Orff Schulwerk offers an effective groundwork for these children because of their pre-disposition toward rhythm, order and repetition.

Specially-designed percussion instruments permit the participation of even the most severely disturbed or handicapped child. Through "successive approximation", specific tasks are taught in a concrete step-by-step approach. Learning is affected through modeling (imitation) and behavior shaping, reinforced by behavioral techniques.With groups of autistic children, considerable attention is given to language development through the use of sign language, which is seen as enhancing speech. The significant value of COS is that it helps the child become invested in a meaningful group experience.

5- Rhythmic Entrainment Intervention (REI THERAPY):

Entrainment is a natural phenomenon that causes two or more vibrating bodies to become synchronized in their rhythm. This has been documented in many areas of human function. For example, respiration and heart rates can be modified through auditory input.

Rhythmic entrainment intervention (REI) is a music-medicine program that is based on the principle of entrainment, and is used primarily for children with developmental and learning problems, such as autism spectrum disorders and ADHD.

Following an assessment of the child’s unique cognitive and behavioral characteristics, the REI provider develops two personalized CD percussion recordings, with rhythms selected to address specific areas of concern, such as communication skills, attention span, self-stimulatory

behavior, aggression, or anxiety. Through the process of entrainment, the auditory rhythms chosen for the child are believed to stimulate the central nervous system and ultimately to improve brain function. The recording is played once per day for a period of eight to twelve weeks, and proponents believe that the effects can be long lasting. REI therapy has not been subjected to rigorous scientific review, and is therefore considered an unproven intervention.

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Music therapy uses:

-Promote wellness.

-Manage stress and anxiety. -Alleviate pain

-Express feelings

-Enhance memory and retrieval -Improve communication

-Decrease frequency and duration of aggressive or agitated behaviors -promote physical rehabilitation.

-Increase self-awareness.

-Motivate change and personal growth -Reinforce self-identity and self-worth -Alter mood

-Encourage meaningful social interaction and emotional intimacy -Empower individuals and decrease feelings of helplessness -Foster successful experiences and a sense of control over life.

Health problems for which Music therapy have been shown to help:

1-Music therapy and anxiety following surgery:

It is well known that many patients become stressed and anxious prior to and after surgery. However, a report indicated that one means of helping reduce anxiety in patients is to

incorporate music in in the Surgical Holding Area . In the study, one group of patients listed to music while a second group did not. The researchers observed that patients who listened to music while in the Surgical Holding Area had significantly less stress and anxiety than did those who did not listen to music. Both groups spent similar lengths of time in the Surgical Holding Area.The researchers concluded that the ‚results strongly suggest that if music were available to all patients in the Surgical Holding Area, most would select this option, and they would experience less anxiety.‛

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2-Music Therapy used to treat children with developmental delay: Music therapy is a relatively recent development in complementary health care which is commonly used to help children suffering from a wide range of psychological and learning disorders. Although many paediatricians acknowledge that creating and listening to music can be of considerable therapeutic value to children, particularly in encouraging communication skills, until very recently there had been no controlled studies to investigate the exact nature of any such benefits.

Researchers at the Institute for Music Therapy in Germany recently conducted a pilot

crossover study involving 12 children between 4 and 6.5 years of age with developmental ages of between 1 - 3.5 years to monitor the effects of music therapy on the children’s mental development. The children were randomly selected to one of two groups; the children in the first group received individual music therapy for a period of three months, and the children in the second group were, during that period, used as a control group. But, for the subsequent three months, the children in the second group received music therapy whilst the children in the first group were used as controls.

The results, after the first three months, revealed significant developmental improvements including better hearing and speech, improved eye-hand co-ordination, and improved

communications skills in the children in the music therapy group which were not seen in the control group. Furthermore, when the groups were reversed for the following three months, the second group who were then receiving music therapy were seen to catch in the those areas of development.

The researchers concluded that ‘music therapy seems to have an effect on personal

relationship, emphasising positive benefits of active listening and performing, and this in turn sets the context for developmental change.’ It was also suggested that the hand-eye

coordination which was required by the children when playing music was ‘a significant role in developmental changes.

3-The effects of music therapy on depressed older patients:

Music therapy has been put forward as a cost-effective and accessible intervention for older adults experiencing symptoms of depression, distress, and anxiety. Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine, USA monitored thirty older adults who had been diagnosed with major or minor depressive disorder. The participants were randomly assigned to one of

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(1) a home-based programme where participants learned music listening stress reduction techniques at weekly home visits by a music therapist.

(2) a self-administered programme where participants applied these same techniques with moderate therapist intervention involving a weekly telephone call.

(3) put on a waiting list and used as a control.

The results showed that the participants in both music conditions performed significantly better than the controls on standardized tests of depression, distress, self-esteem, and mood. These improvements were clinically significant and, the researchers noted that these benefits were maintained over a nine-month follow-up period. The researchers concluded that there was great potential for music therapy as a beneficial intervention especially for homebound elderly people and others who have limited access to health care professionals.

4-Music therapy and pain management:

Japanese researchers have assessed the potential role of music therapy in the field of pain management. The researchers decided to analyse the effects of music on pain associated with having to keep a compulsory posture. Classical musics were chosen in this study. Five healthy adult females kept a supine position for two hours without music. Complaints, and variations of heart beat and respiration were observed in each subject during the two hour experiment. After five days or more, these subjects had the same experience, but this time with music. Frequency and intensity of complaints were found to be significantly diminished by music. Although heart rate was not changed by music, frequency of irregular respiration was found to be significantly decreased by the music. There was therefore a positive correlation between frequency of irregular respiration and number of complaints in subjects kept without music. The researchers claimed that their study demonstrated that music is effective to relieve a pain associated with a compulsory posture and that music may play a significant role on pain management in palliative therapy.

5- In heart disease:

Some music may reduce heart rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure in patients with coronary heart disease, according to a 2009 Cochrane review of 23 clinical trials.Benefits included a decrease in blood pressure, heart rate, and levels of anxiety in heart patients.

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However, the effect was not consistent across studies, according to Joke Bradt, PhD, and Cheryl Dileo, PhD, both of Temple University in Philadelphia. Music did not appear to have much effect on patients' psychological distress. "The quality of the evidence is not strong and the clinical significance unclear", the reviewers cautioned. In 11 studies patients were having cardiac surgery and procedures, in nine they were MI patients, and in three cardiac

rehabilitation patients. The 1,461 participants were largely white (average 85%) and male (67%). In most studies, patients listened to one 30-minute music session. Only two used a trained music therapist instead of prerecorded music.

6-In epilepsy:

Research suggests that listening to Mozart can reduce the number of seizures in people with epilepsy.This has been called the "Mozart effect". However, in recent times, the validity of the "Mozart Effect" and the studies undergone to reach this theory have been doubted, due to reasons such as the limitations in the original study and the difficulty in proving the effect of Mozart's music in subsequent studies.

7-Prenatal and Perinatal Music Therapy:

Prenatal and Perinatal Music Therapy assists primarily mothers during pregnancy and the first few months after birth. It is an individualized process in which the music therapist and the mother use music to create a loving bond between mother and baby, while also building a sound foundation for healthy development. Through the sessions, the therapist also supports the mother and father in preparing for parenthood.

8-Autism and Music Therapy:

In order to understand that positive impact that music has on the lives of autistic people, it is important to understand the symptoms associated with the disorder. Autism can range from very mild to very severe cases resulting in a wide variety of symptoms associated with the disorder. Typically, these individuals are unable to build social relationships and

communicate with others (both verbally and verbally) in the same capacity that non-autistic people can .Most often diagnosed by age three, signs begin in infancy. As the child grows older, autistic children reach developmental milestones such as walking and talking either very early or very delayed. by the time the child reaches school age, their inability to

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build social relationships becomes clear. One symptom of this is their inability to understand that perspectives other than their own exist or ‚theory of mind‛. For example, when an autistic child is asked to show a picture to another child, the autistic child will often not turn the picture towards the other child because they do not understand that the other child has a perspective that is different from their own.

Accompanying their inability to form social relationships, those with autism frequently exhibit unusual and repetitive behaviors. For example, they will insist on a certain routine and

become very upset if it changes. This can include food they have at certain meals, going to a destination the same route every time, spinning around in a circle, repeating a certain word or phrase and wearing the same clothes .

Music therapy has proven to be a very effective method in dealing with autism, allowing individuals to build social relationships and learn how to properly behavior in social situations.

As discussed above, the overarching symptom of all autistic individuals is their inability to connect socially with others. Music serves as the perfect liaison between the autistic person and others because it is a nonverbal (and for those with autism non-threatening) form of communication .In therapy sessions, musical games such as throwing ball back and forth to the tune of a song encourage the autistic person to socially interact with others. Likewise, holding an instrument or clapping near the eyes can promote eye contact .Music puts the individual at ease, allowing for strides in social interactions to follow.

Numerous families have noted the drastic improvement that music therapy caused for their autistic child.

Although the causes of autism are largely unknown, it is apparent from numerous studies that music has a positive impact for autistic individuals as well as their families. Music is an effective way for these people to engage in social interactions, communicate with others, and modify undesirable and disruptive behavior.

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Color Therapy

Definition:

Sometimes called color therapy, colorology or cromatherapy, is an alternative medicine method. It is claimed that a therapist trained in chromotherapy can use color and light to balance energy wherever a person's body be lacking, be it physical, emotional, spiritual, or mental. The practice has been labelled pseudoscientific by its critics.Color therapy is unrelated to light therapy.

History of color therapy:

Interest has grown in color therapy steadily since. Today there are hundreds of practitioners using a wide variety of color-related therapeutic techniques in the US. Today, color therapy is a well-accepted technique in complementary medicine. Color and light have been used for healing since the beginning of recorded time. Ancient Egyptians built solarium-type rooms with colored panes of glass. The sun would shine through the glass and flood the patient with color. Some people use colored silk cloths which are placed on the body and then flooded with sunlight. Early color and light healers in the modern world used colored gels and sheets of glass to apply light to the body. Others used color infused water and color meditations to send healing rays to the person.

In Europe and the U.S., interest in the therapeutic use of color developed during the second half of the 19th century. In 1878, Dr. Edwin Babbitt published "The Principles of Light and Color," in which he recommended various techniques for the use of color in healing. In 1933, a definitive work on color therapy called "The Spectro Chrometry Encyclopedia" was written by an Indian scientist Dinshah Ghadiali. This was a landmark publication and laid the

foundation for most of modern color therapy. Around the same time a form of color therapy, known as "Syntonics," was developed in the U.S. by Dr. Harry Riley Spitler. He found that he could produce profound physiological and psychological changes in his patients by altering the color of light entering their eyes.

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19 Color Chart:

Red:

Healing properties: Brings warmth, energy and stimulation, therefore good for energy, fatigue, colds, chilly and passive people. Red energizes heart and blood circulation, it builds up the blood and heightens a low blood pressure. Energizes all organs and the senses hearing, smell, taste, vision and touch. Increases sexual desire and activity. Stimulates ovulation and

menstruation. Never treat cancer with red, because this color will stimulate cell growth! Red links with and stimulates the root chakra, at the base of the spine, causing the adrenal glands to release adrenalin. This results in greater strength. Red causes hemoglobin to multiply, thus increasing energy and raising body temperature. It is excellent for anemia and blood-related conditions. It loosens, opens up clogs, releases stiffness and constrictions. It is excellent for areas that have become stiffened or constricted.

orange:

Healing properties: Healing properties: Orange is warm, cheering, non-constricting. Orange has a freeing action upon the body and mind, relieving repressions. Orange shows new possibilities and other options in life. Stimulates creative thinking and enthusiasm, and helps assimilate new ideas.It is also helpful in dealing with excess sexual expression.

Orange stimulates the lungs, the respiration and the digestion. Increases the activity of the thyroid. Reliefs muscle cramps and spasms. Increases the amount of mother milk. Finally, orange links very strongly with the sacral chakra.

Yellow:

Healing properties: Yellow helps strengthen the nerves and the mind. It helps awaken mental inspiration and stimulates higher mentality. Thus, it is an excellent color for nervous or nerve-related conditions or ailments. It also energizes the muscles. Dark yellow soothes pains in the nerves (shooting pains)Yellow can be used for conditions of the stomach, liver, and intestines. Speeds up the digestion and assimilation, and the stool.

It helps the pores of the skin and aids scarred tissue in healing itself.

Yellow links with and stimulates the solar plexus, or psychic center. It can be used for psychic burnout or other psychic-related conditions or ailments. Activates and cheers up depressed and melancholic people. Gives lust for life.

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Green:

Healing properties: Green is the color of Nature and the earth. It is balance and harmony in essence and possesses a soothing influence upon both mind and body. It is neither relaxing nor astringent in its impact. Green can be used for just about any condition in need of healing. Green rings psychological and emotional harmony and balance.

Green links with and stimulates the heart chakra.Green affects blood pressure and all conditions of the heart. It has both an energizing effect and a moderating or soothing effect.

It cures hormonal imbalances. Stimulates growth hormone and rejuvenation. Cleans and purifies from germs, bacteria and rotting material. Harmonizes the digestion, stomach, liver, gall. Has a healing effect on kidneys. Increases immunity. Builds up muscles, bones and tissues. Stimulates inner peace. Strengthens the nervous system.

Blue:

Healing properties: Blue is cooling, electric, astringent. Dr. Edwin Babbitt, in his classic, "The Principles of Light and Color," states that "The Blue Ray is one of the greatest antiseptics in the world."

Cools down inflammations, fever, high blood pressure, stops bleedings, reliefs the bursting headaches, calms strong emotions like anger, aggression or hysteria. Brings tranquility. Anti-itching. Anti-irritation (for instance redness of the skin), anti-stress. Soothes suffering.

Blue can be used for any type of ailments associated with speech, communication, or the throat. Excellent for laryngitis or inflammation of the larynx.

Blue links with and stimulates the throat chakra. The throat chakra is often referenced as the "power center" and "the greatest center in the body" because it is the primary center of expression and communication, through speech.

Indigo:

Healing properties: Indigo is a great purifier of the bloodstream and also benefits mental problems. It is a freeing and purifying agent.

Indigo combines the deep blue of devotion with a trace of stabilizing and objective red. Indigo is cool, electric, and astringent.

Indigo links with and stimulates the brow chakra (third eye) and controls the pineal gland. It governs both physical and spiritual perception. It can be of great assistance in dealing with ailments of the eyes and ears.

Pink:

Healing properties: Heals grief and sadness. Restores youthfulness. Brings you in contact with your feelings.

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White:

Healing properties: White is the perfect color; for it is all colors, in perfect balance and harmony. It is the color of the awakened Spirit; the light of perfection; the light of the Cosmic

Consciousness,the Divine Light.

Just about everyone has heard of surrounding people with the "White Light of Healing and Protection." White light raises the vibration of one's consciousness and the body, bringing harmony in all aspects of one's life. Directing white into to a part of the body that needs healing is one of the fastest ways to bring about healing.

Violet / Purple:

Healing properties: These are colors of transformation. They heal melancholy, hysteria, delusions and alcohol addiction and bring spiritual insights and renewal. These colors slow down an over-active heart; stimulate the spleen and the white blood cells (immunity). Bring sleep. Soothe mental and emotional stress. Decrease sexual activity. Decrease sensitivity to pain. They help in detoxification.

Leonardo da Vinci proclaimed that you can increase the power of meditation ten-fold by meditating under the gentle rays of Violet, as found in Church windows.

Magneta:

Healing properties: Strengthens contact with your life purpose. Stimulates adrenalineand heart activity.

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Theories for color therapy:

Colors are visible light energy of certain wavelengths. Photoreceptors in the retina, called cones, translate this energy into colors. The retina contains three kinds of cones: one for blue, one for green, and one for red. We perceive other colors by combining these colors.

theories for color therapy includes:

1-vibrational medicine: as music therapy.

2-chakra theory :

as music therapy

3-pineal body :

Color therapy is based on the fact that physiologic functions respond to specific colors.

Exactly how does this happen? Attached to the brain are pineal glands, which control the daily rhythms of life. When light enters through the eyes (or the skin) it travels neurological

pathways to these pineal glands. Different colors give off different wavelength frequencies and these different frequencies have different effects on physical and psychological functions. Color therapy techniques:

1-Incorporating Colors Into Your Life:

You can do simple technique to derive the benefits of color for your mind, body and spirit. Here are few suggestions:

-Clothes and Decoration The color of the clothes we wear can alter the way we feel .You can also decorate your home to take advantage of color

-Use colored lamps. Place colored glass over light bulbs. -Use soft lights instead of fluorescent or neon.

-Use full-spectrum lights in the winter (when there is less sunlight) to alleviate seasonal affective disorder.

-Paint with colors

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strengthening. Colors that appear naturally are: sky blue, ocean blue/ green/ turquoise, white snow or moonlight, plush green trees, shrubs and grass; colorful flowers.

2-Rainbow Healing or Technique of Solarized Water:

This is a simple and cheap way of applying color to the body .Water, when exposed to

sunlight in a colored container for at least an hour become irradiated and takes on some of the vibrational energy of that particular color. This is called solarized water. Special colored containers can be bought, but they can easily be improvised using colored cellophane. Simply drink this water at regular intervals throughout the day.

A red vessel will give red solarized water; a blue vessel, blue solarized water, etc. The longer the water remains exposed to the sun, the stronger is its potency. Solarization depends on temperature, geographical location and the time of the day. One simple way to determine if the water has absorbed the sun's energy is to drop an ice cube in the glass of water to be solarized. When the ice cube has completely melted, the water is charged. Obviously, it will take more time in winter as opposed to in summer.

Storing Solarized Water: Fresh solarized water is preferred if practical. But you can solarize the water and store it for few days at a time. Blue solarized water can be kept safely for a week or ten days in hot or cold weather. But red, yellow, and orange solarized water should be changed every two days in warm weather and every ten days to two weeks in cold weather. 3-Color Breathing:

Color breathing is a form of meditation or visualization, in which you imagine yourself

inhaling and exhaling colors. It can be practiced in bed before going to sleep, or when waking in the morning.

1. Find somewhere comfortable to sit or lie down and relax. 2. Keep your breathing deep, regular, and calm.

3. Breathe rhythmically from twelve to eighteen times a minute. If possible, use the color of the spectrum or its nearest equivalent. Imagine the self engulfed by a white light that enters through the head from the cosmos down to the extremities and floods the entire organism from within and from without. Keep this image for two minutes.

4. Imagine yourself surrounded by intense light of the color you choose. Be aware of the healing Properties of the light. Red, yellow and orange, whichever one is used, is visualized as

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being drawn up from the earth through the soles of the feet to the various organs. The length of time for visualizing the red part of the spectrum is two minutes. Blue, violet, and indigo should be visualized as coming down from the atmosphere as vertical rays into the anterior fontanel to the various organs. The length of time for visualizing colors in the blue part of the spectrum is three to four minutes. Green should be visualized as coming into the navel on the horizontal plane. The length of time for visualizing the color green is one minute in a waving motion upward from the umbilical cord and one minute downward from the umbilical cord, but always on a horizontal plane.

5. As you breathe in, imagine that you are inhaling this color, and follow it as it spreads from your lungs to your solar plexus and then throughout your body as discussed for each color. 6. As you breathe out, imagine that you are exhaling the complementary color.

7. Now mentally bathe the body and allow the entire self to be engulfed in a white light for two minutes.

4-Technique of Visualization and Meditation: Projected by Healer and/or patient:

An advanced technique is to derive the benefit of color therapy without having the color physically. Instead, the person meditates and visualizes the color. Then it can be directed to self for healing or to be transferred to another person to heal that person. For example, the healer visualizes mentally the feelings and thoughts to be transmitted to the patient and then picture vividly the exact color which corresponds to these thoughts and feelings. The

vibrations of the healer affect the vibrations of the patient's physical and mental bodies which in turn, affect the electromagnetic field force. There seems to be an electrical circuit from the healer to the patient, and a similar color vibration is set up in the patient, a vibration that affects his mental body. At the same time, the color vibrations in the healer's aura set up a similar vibration in the patient's aura and this changes the vibrations from abnormal to normal. This reaction from mind to aura and from aura to mind has powerful healing properties if done correctly. In some cases, cures have been instantaneous.

Of course, the patient can visualize the color without the help of the therapist. Here, the patient apply to self the same principles used by the healer in healing others. The patient heals self by his or her own mental vibrations, the wave length of which is changed through the technique of visualization and meditation. A person who is knowledgeable in meditation can flood any weak organ with the color indicated for normalizing that organ if he projects that color in his

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25 mind before and during his meditation. Aura:

In parapsychology and many forms of spiritual practice, an aura is a field of subtle, luminous radiation supposedly surrounding a person or object.

5-Aura-Soma:

The Aura-Soma remedies are a collection of small 'balance' bottles, each containing a layer of colored essential oil on top of a layer of colored spring water containing herbal extracts. Most contain two colors, and there are about 90 combinations in all.

You will be asked by your therapist to pick out the four bottles that most appeal to you, and then to splash the mixtures onto your skin every day. There is no set length of time for treatment. You continue to do it as long as the therapy appears to be doing you good.

6-Illumination Therapy:

A computer-controlled color therapy machine directs colored light at the patient as he or she sits or lies in a darkened room. The main treatment color is alternated with its complementary color and each dose is precisely timed.

7-Monochromatic Red Light Therapy:

Monochromatic red light therapy involves red light to stimulate acupoints to treat various illnesses. In some cases, the treatment is followed by gentle massage of the area.

Monochromatic red light therapy is used to treat a range of problems, including shoulder pain; Monochromatic red light therapy is also useful for headaches (applying the light across the brow), arthritis, allergies, sore throats, sinus problems, stress reduction, and wound healing. The red light is also applied to sites of localized pain.

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Clinical application of color therapy: 1-Arthritis:

Color therapists may use a combination of blue, green and orange light to treat arthritis. Blue is soothing. It is used for rheumatism.

Green is calming to both mind and body; it cools and soothes. Green is the color of hope and energy.

Orange combines the healing power of red and yellow light. It is used in gout, rheumatism and other conditions involving abnormal growths in the body. Orange releases energy in the body and encourages a general sense of well-being.

2-Natural Immune System Strengthening:

Radiate the following colors daily, one after the other, until condition improves: Orange-fifteen minutes.

Green-fifteen minutes. Yellow- fifteen minutes. 3-Infertility female:

The color used depends on the condition to be treated:

-Wear oranges if you suspect hormonal imbalance at adrenal gland level -Wear reds to give energy and vitality if the problem is ovarian, and -Wear violets if the pituitary gland is implicated.

4-Menopause:

Blue is a cooling, soothing color used to increase vitality and energy. It helps relieve menstrual difficulties and nervous irritability.

Yellow, the color of joy, helps to soothe the emotions and relieve depression. It is used for mental fatigue and for stimulating activity.

Green is the color of energy and youth. It stimulates the nervous system and soothes the emotions. It is used to treat exhaustion, irritability, sleeplessness and nervous disorders.

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Red increases circulation and energy and reduces nervousness. Red is used to treat

constipation and malaise. Red should not be used if there is already too much red in the patient (indicated by an overly reddish face, fever, easy excitability or red hair).

Yellow cleanses the bloodstream and the liver while stimulating the nerves. It is good for the anxiety and depression that may accompany chronic headaches.

Blue may be used on the head or directed to the abdomen to treat the liver, which is believed to play a role in some headaches. Blue cools and soothes.

6-varicose veins:

Use red and yellow all over the affected area for thirty minutes once per day. In cases of ulcers in the legs use blue light radiation for thirty minutes followed by ultraviolet for forty-five minutes, every day for ten to sixty days

7-Tinnitus:

Use blue for thirty minutes on the affected ear each morning and evening followed by indigo for ten minutes.

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