showed significant gains over the control group with respect to knowledge and environmental attitude. Aminrad (2013) found that there was no significant difference between groups of students based on gender while environmental awareness results indicated that there was significant difference among different levels of education. It was also found that the media positively affected the level of environmental awareness and attitude of students. The study concluded that increase on age and level of education would improve the level of awareness and attitude towards environmental issues. Kose (2015) revealed that undergraduate students had positive attitude towards the environment as regard to their gender and faculty types. It also made that female students were more sensitive towards than male students. Sarjou (2015) revealed that in three components of the study, only there is a meaningful difference between males and females points of views in attitude towards environmental issues. Kaur (2016) found that B.Ed. students possess fairly good level of environmental awareness of students when distributed gender wise and subject wise. It is suggested that curriculum of B.Ed. should be re-organized to meet the challenges.The more favorable attitude they have towards the environment, the more knowledge they would like to gain about nature. Thus the researcher feels that the environmental awareness and attitude towards environment are deeply correlated with each other.
neither a significant change in the awareness nor the attitude of the participants who played the serious game “De Meester De Baas”. Overall, teachers had indeed not that much awareness for giftedness in their practice and that is in fact also what was found in the literature (Bermann, Schultz & Weber, 2012). Contradictory to the literature was, that the participants in this study already had a relatively positive attitude towards giftedness. None of the eleven participating teachers had an extraordinarily negative attitude on gifted students before playing the game. This could be explained by the fact that “teachers who hold stereotypical hostile views of gifted students are unlikely to enroll voluntarily in such (…) programs” (Geake and Gross, 2008). With programs we mean interventions or studies that are aimed to confront teachers with giftedness. So, it would be possible that all teachers that took part in this study on own request, did so because they already had a quite positive attitude towards giftedness. Those who may hold negative attitudes could have refused to participate.
This questionnaire based study was carried among dental students for a period of one month to evaluate the knowledge,awareness and attitude of oral piercings. Almost students from every year participated in the survey. They were handled questionnaires which consisted of 11 questions and asked to tick the options which they were aware of. The results were analysed and the statistics was obtained.
Results: Thai culture and tradition were the main barriers to discuss the end of life preparation. Only 43% of the respondents, most of whom were elderly with chronic diseases, had concerned about the end of life. Most elderly respondents preferred to receive end-of-life care at home. Only 24% of respondents knew of palliative care. Most respondents believed that palliative care was provided in public hospitals. Most respondents (92%) were familiar with section 12 of the National Health Act., B.E. 2550, which states that a person has the right to refuse medical treatment; however, majority (79%) had never heard of a living will and only 14% had experience of advance care planning. Conclusion: Public awareness on the end of life preparation of Thai people was challenged and limited. The main barriers to concerns about it are attitude and knowledge. Promoting and educating palliative care is necessary as well as improve the availability of palliative care, both institutional and home-based care.
The objective of this study was to compare the level of awareness and attitude of Pharmacy Undergraduates and General public towards fibromyalgia and to observe the impact of Fibromyalgia on people’s daily routine. A retrospective study conducted to generate awareness, resolve misconceptions and motivate physicians for necessary measures. A cross sectional survey was conducted by using self administered questionnaire in July, 2013. The data of 200 sample population was then thoroughly analyzed and evaluated. The gender wise high prevalence was found in females and majority belonged to age group 18-25 yrs. Although only 8.5% of total respondents ever attended any informational session about Fibromyalgia. However, 86% of Pharmacy undergraduates had knowledge about Fibromyalgia, It was observed 57% of respondents experienced muscular pain especially in shoulder region. Pain killers were commonly used self medication or prescribed by physicians whereas, antidepressants were the 2 nd most opted class of drugs used to treat symptoms. Non seriousness of patients (76%) was observed in following physician’s advice.
There is an extraordinary growth in demand for smartphone market in the last decade. This paved a way for an upward trend in usage of smartphones for personal and official communication, gaming and online shopping. The smartphones have become part and parcel of the modern day life style. Many people are so addicted to their phones that they can’t keep it away while driving, eating, studying, and talking to someone etc. Addiction to smart phone can make a person careless and cause several behavioral issues. Unfortunately, smart phone addiction may become more widespread as greater numbers of users are using cell phones. Hence the purpose of this paper is to survey on the awareness and attitude of college students toward the addiction of smart phone usages.
The purpose of the study is to estimate the knowledge, attitude and practice of the oral correlation with everyday oral hygiene practices among the A cross sectional survey was conducted on 300 health care professionals. Two hundred ionnaire containing 20questions.Data once collected 14% health professionals visited the dentist once in a year. Dental caries followed by dental was the main cause for making dental appointments.42%obtained information on oral hygiene practices directly from the dentist followed by 36 % who obtained it from mass media.48%brushed their teeth twice daily.48% used soft bristle tooth brush. 51 % had a brushing time of 1-3 min. 54% did not use any other oral hygiene aid .58% had never got scaling done.28% frequently had complains regarding sensitivity. Only 20% bought toothpaste for sensitivity.24% felt that scaling caused loss of e knowledge, attitude, and awareness of oral hygiene practices and dental treatment in health care professionals of Ahmednagar district is good. Though there is need of more awareness and
incidence of cervical cancer and rate of deaths by systematic cytological smear screening programmes (Elovainio et al., 1997). The cervical cancer detection is possible even several years before the actual cancer growth. Ideal age for screening of cervical cancer is 30-40 year, because at this age women are susceptible to have precancerous lesions (Laikangbam et al., 2007; Januszek-Michalecka et al., 2013). Pap smear is identified as an important measure for preventing cervical malignancy that causes a high cure rate among patients (Shah et al., 2012). Therefore, population based screening may play pivotal role. In Saudi Arabia, incidence rate of cervical cancer is lowest in the world at 1.9 per 100,000 women (Bazerbashi, 2007). It is suggested that awareness and attitude toward cervical cancer is a key factor that determines the stage at which the cancer patient presents to the health facility. Several studies have reported that there is lack of the awareness regarding cervical cancer, its screening and availability of vaccine, among health professionals and in general public (Ali et al., 2010; McCarey et al., 2011; Khan et al., 2014; Koc, 2015). Literature indicates that efficient screening programs and early diagnosis can help in preventing this lethal disease. Therefore, it is very important to have knowledge regarding sign and symptoms, risk factors and preventive measures of cervical cancer. Even though it is curable and preventable but most of the women reach to the hospital at an advanced phase that needs extensive treatment with more failure rates (Alhamlan et al., 2015). The aim of this study was to assess awareness and attitude towards cervical cancer sign symptoms, risk factors and its prevention among female medical and non- medical students’ in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
This cross-sectional study method was approved by the Dental Ethics Committee, Dental Research Center, Qassim University. A self-administered questionnaire which consists of two parts were collected randomly from 150 partially edentulous patients who attend to dental clinics of Qassim university, the first part included 6 sociodemographic questions and the second part included 11 closed ended questions related to awareness of different treatment modalities to replace missing teeth, and attitude toward missing teeth replacement. The questionnaire is a modified version from that used by previous investigators (Rahman, 2016; Shekhawat, 2016; Shigli, 2007; Faiza et al., 2014; Jayasinghe et al., 2011; Azad et al., 2016; Alshammari et al., 2017). A radiographic investigation was done to each of 143 participants, who returned the questionnaires, as panoramic view to take the dentate status information from it; number of existing prosthesis, number of missing teeth and site of missing teeth if it was anterior, posterior, or both. The number of existing prosthesis was grouped into 3 categories (No prosthesis, 1-2 prosthesis, More than 2 prosthesis). The number of missing teeth divided into 3 groups (1-5 missing teeth, 6-10 missing, More than 10 missing teeth). Being a partially dentate patient, above 20 years of age and willingly agree to participate in the study after a written informed consent have been considered as the inclusion criteria. Completely edentulous patients, patients with missing third molars only, mentally retarded/disabled or physically handicapped patients, and those from dental-related professions/occupations have been excluded from the study sample. Statistical analysis of the results has been accomplished using the SPSS computer soft-ware. The results expressed in frequency distribution. Chi square test was used to evaluate the awareness and attitude of patients according to each of the individual variables. The level of significance was sat at p = 0.05.
With prior permission from deans / principals of various universities under RGUHS and VTU of Karnataka, India a survey was planned in three respective colleges. The survey was carried out in randomly selected engineering and medical colleges in Dakshina karnataka district. The age group of students that were included in the study is eighteen to twenty two years. Total sample size was estimated based on pilot study. (n=555 rounded to six hundred in each group, to exclude any unfilled questionnaire the sample size was rounded up) the total sample size was of 1200 was selected from the three random medical and three random engineering colleges all over Dakshina Karnataka district. Ethical clearance to conduct the survey was obtained from KVG dental college and hospital ethical committee. Prior permission to conduct the survey was taken from the concerned college authorities. There were no exclusion criteria. A pre structured questionnaire consisting of twenty two questions of which majority were closed ended questions, to asses knowledge awareness and attitude towards orthodontic treatment was made. The questionnaire was explained to the subjects and they were asked to fill up. The time taken was around twenty five minutes. People demonstrated a wide variety of attitudes toward dental care and dentists. These attitudes naturally reflect their own experiences, cultural perceptions, familial beliefs and other life situations and they strongly influence the health status of the oral cavity (Chen, 1986; Friedman et al., 1976; McCaul et al., 1985; Wright et al., 1982). Engineering and medical colleges were selected by a lottery method (simple random sampling method). All four years students of engineering and medical colleges participated actively and were included in the study (n=600 of each group). The study was completed within a period of two months.
Clinical expertise is the key to determine how the evidence can be applied to a specific patient’s case. The success mainly depends on the ability of a clinician to use the intervention in an appropriate clinical setting with the consideration of patient's values and preferences (Guyatt, 2008). Yusuf et al. (Yusof, 2008), investigated the knowledge of 193 dentists in Malaysia regarding evidence-based dentistry and its use in the clinical environment. Their results showed that Malaysian dentists have adequate knowledge and positive attitudes concerning evidence-based dentistry and a high percentage of dentists in the country believe that the use of evidence-based dentistry has increased their clinical knowledge and skills. The dentists in that study mentioned three main barriers of the use of evidence-based dentistry as the lack of time, economic limitations, and low knowledge. Haron et al. (Khami, 2012), investigated the knowledge, awareness, and function of dentists in Kuwait towards evidence-based dentistry. The results showed that dentists in Kuwait do not have sufficient knowledge and awareness towards evidence-based dentistry. Kuwaiti dentists favor to act based on their clinical judgment instead of using scientific resources and documents. Khami et al. (Haron, 2012), assessed the knowledge, awareness, and attitude of dental students towards evidence-based dentistry. The results stated that, despite the positive attitudes of dentistry students toward evidence-based dentistry, their knowledge and awareness in this regard are poor and deficient.
13. Heads of the institutions has given different opinion about the important of environmental education as a subject as follows; 72% wants to create awareness among students in developing positive attitude towards environment, 88% want to provide knowledge and wisdom in protecting and preserving healthy environment, and 80% want to help students understand the ill effect of environmental destruction and pollution.
This study was conducted at Larkana and Mirpurkhas districts of Sindh, Pakistan. This study was carried out from August 2013 to December 2013. This quantitative study was conducted on 102 participants who were selected through survey questionnaire (survey data collection) technique. The questionnaires were developed in local language (Sindhi and Urdu). The participants included were teachers, housewives, self-employed and unemployed persons, and students. Informed consents forms were also given to participants. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding disability and functional impairment in rural areas. Data was analyzed through SPSS 16.0 version to estimate frequency designs. Bar charts showing an association between the significant awareness regarding knowledge, attitude and practice were also formulated.
Tripathi N et al reported that awareness about symptoms, possibility of early detection, available tests, cure of disease was low. Main barrier for screening was, 'don't know' answer by 83.99% women for cancer cervix, 84.93% for cancer breast, and 67.26% for oral cancer. Awareness was significantly associated with age (χ(2) = 17.77, P = 0.001), education (χ(2) = 34.62, P = 0.000), and income (χ(2) = 16.72, P = 0.002); while attitude with
Many of ﬁ cial international ophthalmologic organizations are continuously issuing updated clinical guidelines on COVID-19, detailing how to deal with the current COVID- 19 situation. 24,25 They focus mainly on educating ophthal- mologists on COVID-19, detecting and stratifying at risk patients, dealing with each category, cutting or cancelling routine clinic visits, and nonurgent surgery, stressing the use of personal protection equipment (PPE), and adherence to proper disinfection methods. A helpful decision tree to facil- itate the implementation of current guidelines in the ophthal- mic setup is described by Gharebaghi. 26 The objective of this study is to investigate the level of awareness, perception, and attitude about COVID-19 and infection control measures among ophthalmologists in Jordan.
The current study aims to assess the Knowledge & Attitude regarding Health awareness among Menopausal women at selected rural areas of Anand district, Gujarat. India has a large Population, h 71 million people over 60 years of age and the numbers of menopausal women about 43 million. Projected figures in 2026 have estimated the population in India will be 1.4 billion, people over 103 million menopausal women. It is not the secret mon perception is that western culture treats older women as if they were less valuable members of society. While Menopausal women in India experience the emotional and physiological problems, it is almost officially unheard in public circles. India has traditionally ignored women’s health issues including menopause and latest societal trends are attempting to break the outdated attitudes towards women. As life expectancy and population of menopausal women increases, efforts ake them aware about menopause. Thus the studies needed to done on knowledge and attitude regarding health awareness among menopause.
This study used a questionnaire that aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude and awareness of diabetic patients about their oral health. In the current study, more than half of the participants (58%) had Type 2 diabetes, 26% suffered from Type 1 and, unexpectedly, 16% of participants did not know what type of diabetes they had.
after the patients’ vital function. (10,11,12,7,8) Better knowledge about various anaesthesia techniques and their possible complications in various conditions of patients may reduce the number of medico legal litigations. 14,9 The major reason for this is ignorance towards general anaesthesia and anaesthesiologist, since dentists prefers conscious sedation over general anaesthesia for about 80% of their cases. Survey about general anaesthesia is taken among the general population or patients who undergo surgeries under general anaesthesia. There is not any well known survey conducted among dental students regarding general anaesthesia. In general population, we would suggest to educate people about general anaesthesia. When it is among dentist we should first eliminate their ignorance towards general anaesthesia, only if they know it's importance it would be possible. Organising seminars and additional classes would help them acquire more knowledge about general Anaesthesia. To know more about anaesthesiologist, and their role in medicine field, the dentist should have discussion classes with an anaesthesiologist. This would create more awareness among the dentists and their attitude towards general anaesthesia would also change.
A cross sectional questionnaire survey was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude and awareness on resorbed alveolar ridges among final year, post graduate dental students and dental practitioners. Convenient sample size of 150 dental students and practitioners was decided and data was collected by questionnaire. From them about 45 Interns and 70 post graduate dental students and 35 dental practitioners filled the questionnaire. This questionnaire was approved by the scientific research board of SAVEETHA dental college. A specially designed questionnaire consisting of close ended questions and 2 open ended ques
This model of material development for teaching writing is based on the genre approach. The aim of teaching, in addition to improving the ability of writing, is also to improve the students’ awarenessattitude toward the environment. Learning Arabic through the genre approach gives the emphasis on the language use in accordance with the functions of language. The model of teaching material development integrates the knowledge of writing, written material and caring attitude. The techniques used in this teaching writing are formulating the hypothesis, collecting the data, analyzing the data, and constructing the findings with the emphasis on caring attitude. The method used in the development of this model of teaching materials was the procedural model proposed by Borg and Gall. Procedural model is a descriptive model that describes the flow or the procedural steps to be followed to produce teaching materials. The stages in the procedural model include: (1) research and gathering initial information, (2) planning, (3) development of initial product format, (4) the initial trial, (5) revision of the product, (6) field trials, (7) revision of the product, (8) field test, (9) the revision of the final product, and (10) the dissemination and implementation. The model was tested in a Madrasah Aliyah in Jakarta. Test results show that t-observed is 12.23 and the t-table at 0.05 significance level is 1.70. The t-observed is greater than the t-table. This means that there is a significant difference between the learning achievements before and after the use of Arabic language teaching materials integrating the values of environmental concerns. In conclusion, these materials can improve student learning outcomes and effective to use in learning the Arabic language that integrates the attitude values concerning the living environment.