- an additional (passive, historical) attribute; - an internal form (usually not realized) . Our study is based on an analysis of the concept of “time” in the novel “Inferno” by D. Brown (2013) which has a fascinating plot, combines history, architecture and art and contains many references to one of the most mysterious literary masterpieces “The Divine Comedy” by A. Dante. In the novel, the professor of religious symbology of Harvard University Robert Langdon tries to decipher the riddle that drags him into the world of classical art, into the world of the past, the present and the future. Based on the lines of Dante's epic poem, Langdon must be able to find answers and decide who to trust before the world changes irrevocably. He is in a hurry to find a capsule with a deadly virus, and this is a matter of life and death. He is pressed for time to find the solution to all problems. From this perspective, the concept “time” in this novel acquires special significance. It will suffice to mention that throughout the novel the “time” lexeme is used 265 times, forming various conceptual models, considering which one can use a semantic approach.
This mechanism is rather robust, in the sense that it pro- duces very low-mass stars for a wide range of initial condi- tions, and these conditions are likely to be realized in nature. Indeed, the evaporating gaseous globules (EGGs) identified in M16 by Hester et al. (1996) – and subsequently in other HII regions – would appear to be pre-existing cores being photo-eroded in the manner we have described. However, the mechanism is also very inefficient, in the sense that it usu- ally takes a rather massive pre-existing prestellar core to form a single very low-mass star. Moreover, the mechanism can only work in the immediate vicinity of an OB star, so it can- not explain the formation of all brown dwarfs, and another mechanism is required to explain those seen in star formation regions like Taurus. Brown dwarfs formed in this way should include close BD-BD binaries, but they are unlikely to retain large accretion discs.
First steps towards a multi-dimensional approach to cloud forming brown dwarf at- mospheres were made by 2D hydrodynamical simulations that treat dust formation (nucleation, growth/evaporation, element depletion), turbulence and radiative heat- ing/cooling (Helling et al 2001, 2004), and by large-scale 2D radiative-convection simulations that included the dust growth/evaporation processes for a prescribed num- ber of nucleation seeds (Freytag et al 2010). Both works suggest that clouds will not be present as a homogeneous, carpet-like layer but that cloud particles form, depend- ing on the local temperature and density field, intermittently resulting in patchy cloud structures. Robinson and Marley (2014) came forward with a similar suggestion of local temperature variations to explain brown dwarf variability. Showman and Kaspi (2013b) use a 3D approach to simulate a globally circulating brown-dwarf atmo- sphere but excluding cloud opacities, turbulence, and radiation. These authors sug- gest that a hydrodynamically induced horizontal temperature variation of ∆ T = 50K can lead to flux variations of ∆ F/F ≈ 0.02 − 0.2. Each of these models addressed a different aspect of a multi-dimensional, dynamical atmosphere simulations. The chal- lenges faced by all simulation is illustrated by comparing the following time scales that are characteristic for interacting processes. The below table demonstrates that it is misleading to consider atmospheric processes as independent from each other, but that for example cloud formation processes could be re-ignited by transport processes like gravitational settling or gas-mixing that provides new condensable material: radiative cooling ♦ : τ rad (ρ gas ) = 4π κ c V ∂ ∂B T
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Sterling Brown was part of the old and the new, alive to the rhythms of change that came with the succeeding cohorts of faculty, and especially the generations of students that stretched across the years this university was fortunate to count him among its distinguished faculty. He was conscious of the indispensable link that he was between Howard’s past and the present. For years, I have no idea how many, but as he would say, heaps, he gave a lecture in Andrew Rankin Chapel to the freshman class entitled “Down the Long Walk.” In an hour that seemed magical, his resonant voice con jured up General Oliver Otis Howard and the founders from worn history books and made them live again. He recalled the campus characters of his youth, the student traditions in sports, debating and drama, and the faculty of the past who had made Howard great. It was for many
Rice grain consists of an inner brown rice (edible part) and a hull (inedible part) reciprocally interlocked by the lemma and palea (Yang, 2005). Converting photosynthetic prod- ucts to people edible part or brown rice as far as possible was one of the effective methods to increase the “ output ” of rice. Therefore, increasing the grain the BRR or decreas- ing the hull percentage played a vital role in improvement of the actual grain yield. However, BRR was related to many seed traits, including grain length, grain width, grain weight, brown rice weight and hull weight etc. Generally, grain length, grain width, grain length/width ratio and the translucency of endosperm directly determined grain appearance and quality (Tan et al., 2000; Koutroubas et al., 2004; Wang et al., 2015a; Xing and Zhang, 2005; Li et al., 2014). Currently, a lot of QTLs and genes related to these traits had been cloned, such as GRAIN WIDTH2 (GW2), GS3, qGL3/GL3.1, GW8/OsSPL16, SMALL AND ROUND SEED 3 (SRS3), POSITIVE REGULATOR OF GRAIN LENGTH 1 (PGL1) and GL7/ GW7 (Fan et al., 2006; Song et al., 2007, Kanako et al., 2010, Heang and Sassa 2012, Wang et al., 2012, Zhang et al., 2014, Wang et al., 2012; Wang et al., 2015b). These QTLs and genes controlled the brown rice size and weight by regulation of cell proliferation and ex- pansion of the hull, and further promoted the applica- tion of molecular breeding technology. These results had significant implications for the improvement of effective rice supply or edible grain and that the hull may be involved in regulation of brown rice yield or BRR. So far, there were few reports about the genes that directly controlled the BRR in rice. Therefore, dissecting the genetic mechanism of the BRR genes can facilitate to improve effective rice supply or edible grain yield.
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earnings announcements, security prices, and trading volume can change over time. Thus, the price reaction to valuable information content could be less significant in today’s market as compared to the market in 1968. Bamber also warns of the danger of generalizing results based on reporting time periods; for example, the results of Ball and Brown (1968) were based on reporting dates that were based on a fiscal year ending December 31st. So results of reporting dates that are not based on a fiscal year ending December 31st might not have the same relationship. This very well could be an issue in this analysis because all of the companies in Time Period 1 are based on the same reporting date of Q3 2018, and all of the companies in Time Period 2 are based on the same reporting date of Q4 2017; in other words, since all of the reporting dates are the same, there could very well be a bias based on those particular time frames.
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I have gained a great deal of insight, and have had many stimulating conversations (prompting a good portion of the work presented here), from various collaborators over the past few years. First and foremost are those members of the 2MASS Rare Objects Team, Charles Beichman, Adam Burrows, Roc Cutri, Conard Dahn, John Gizis, James Liebert, J. Davy Kirkpatrick (again), Dave Monet, and I. Neill Reid. Chaz is the consummate politician, which means I rarely saw him but his influence was pervasive. Adam and Jim have been extremely generous in leading me through the intricacies of brown dwarfs and passing on their excitement about this field, and I thank them for the very educational trips to UA they have supported. Roc has basically been the heart and soul of the IPAC 2MASS effort, and without his efforts some great NIR research (including mine!) would not have been possible. Conard and Dave have made a few of the more important measurements presented in this thesis, and their USNO Parallax Program is slowly revolutionizing our views on cool dwarfs. John’s understanding of the global properties of cool dwarf stars — activity, space distribution, kinematics — is in my opinion highly underrated, and I greatly appreciate all of the insight he has passed on to me. Finally, I think Neill is probably the most intelligent astronomer I know, and I am continually amazed at the various nooks and crannies of astronomy that he has investigated over the years. It has been an absolute pleasure to be part of this highly successful and supportive team.
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cardiovascular ailments. (Dewettinck et al., 2008). Wheat is also known to help balance cholesterol levels and protect the heart.cereals are add in the brown bread barley and flaxseed. Barley (Hordeumvulgare L.), a member of the grass familyis major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally. It was one of the first cultivated grains, particularly in Eurasia as early as 13,000 years ago. Barley has also been used as animal fodder, as a source of fermentable material for beer and certain distilled beverages, and as a component of various health foods. It is used in soups and stews, and in barley bread of various cultures. Barley grains are commonly made into malt in a traditional and ancient method of preparation. In a 100 gram serving, raw barley provides 352 calories and is a rich source or more of the Daily Value, of essential nutrients, including protein, dietary fiber, the B vitamins, niacin and vitamin B6, and several dietary minerals. (Joel Ndife, Abdurrahman 2010) Highest nutrient contents are for manganese and phosphorus. Raw barley is 78% carbohydrates, 1% fat, 10% protein and 10% water Wheat bran is a concentrated source of insoluble fiber. Fiber intakes are generally lower than recommendations, and the health benefits it may provide in terms of the prevention of diseases such as colon and breast cancers, cardiovascular disease, obesity and gastrointestinal diseases. Flax plant (Linumu sitatissimum). Flax seeds are an excellent source of Omega-3 fatty acids, iron, zinc, copper, calcium, protein, potassium, magnesium, folate, soluble fiber and even boron. They are a very good source of dietary fiber, vitamin B1, and copper. They are also a good source of the minerals magnesium, phosphorus, and selenium. Omega – 3 fatty acid are prevent the macular degeneration disease in ageing people. Flax seed is a super food, so packed with nutrients and fiber that it’s worth including in the diet every day. I can’t imagine oatmeal without it and it’s the perfect addition to green and fruit smoothies. Its delicious sprinkled on rice, potatoes or yogurt, too. An ingredient that makes a good thing even better.
ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to green synthesis the nanoparticles using bioactive compounds from unique seaweeds and testing its application for anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, ovicidal, larvicidal and cytotoxic activity. Seaweeds are marine non- flowering plants have much of the secondary metabolites and had not been explored widely. There are very limited amount of literature are there for seaweeds. Steochospermum marginatumis a species of brown algae in the family Phaeophyta, they are found on rocky shores. The green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was synthesized from the seaweed Steochospermum marginatum. The AgNPs was formed at 60°C at 5000 rpm when the solution of silver nitrate was added to aqueous extract of Steochospermum marginatum. The UV-Visible Spectroscopy, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used for characterization of AgNPs. The green synthesized silver nanoparticles were tested for various applications such as Anti-microbial, ovicidal, larvicidal and anti-diabetic and cytotoxicity using VERO cell lines.
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Costa with dark brown spinules as well as dark brown hairs except for basal portion with patch of yellowish hairs. Subcosta bare and basal portion of radius bare. Halter yellowish-brown except outer surface ochreous, basal stem darkened and apex white. Abdomen: basal scale dark brown with fringe of light to medium brown hairs. Dorsal surface of abdomen dark brown except segment 2 light brown (though posterior one-fourth of dorsal surface brown), covered with dark brown short to long hairs; segments 2–7 each with shiny dorsolateral or lateral patches; ventral surface of segment 2 yellow, those of segments 3 and 4 yellow except sternites medium brown, and those of other segments medium to dark brown. Genitalia: coxite in ventral view (Fig. 1D) nearly rectangle, 1.2 times as long as its greatest width. Style in ventral view (Fig. 1D) bent inward, slightly tapered from base toward middle, then nearly parallel-sided, rounded apically and with apical spine; style in medial view (Fig. 1E) longer than coxite (1.4 times as long as coxite), somewhat flattened dorso-ventrally, with short basal protuberance directed dorso-medially; style in ventrolateral view (Fig. 1F) with short basal protuberance having several spines near anterior margin. Ventral plate in ventral view (Fig. 1G) with body transverse, 0.66 times as long as wide, slightly narrowed posteriorly, without anterior margin produced anteromedially, and posterior margin convex medially, without microsetae on ventral surface; basal arms small, directed forward, convergent apically; ventral plate in lateral view (Fig. 1H) moderately produced ventrally; ventral plate in end view (Fig. 1I) concave ventrally, densely covered with microsetae on lateral surface. Median sclerite (Fig. 1H) thin, plate-like, wide. Paramere (Fig. 1J) of moderate size, with three distinct long and stout hooks and several smaller ones. Aedeagal membrane moderately setose, slightly sclerotized at base but dorsal plate not well-defined. Ventral surface of abdominal segment 10 without distinct hairs near posterior margin. Cercus in lateral view (Fig. 1K) small, rounded, with 9–11 hairs.
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Diagnosis. Relatively small species (body length 6–8.5 mm) with dark brown median longitu- dinal stripe on pronotum (Fig. 1) and smoky brown longitudinal stripe on fore wing (Fig. 5). Metanotum carinate along meson (Figs. 3 and 4). The species is best diagnosed by the male genitalia: pygophore (Figs. 14 and 15) with an elongate posterior process of a characteristic shape (Fig. 16) and endosoma of phallus with fi ve sclerotized processes (Figs. 20–32). The species was redescribed and fi gured under the name P. selangorensis by I SHIKAWA & Y ANO
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Description. Measurements in mm (n = 4): length of body: 7.00–7.60 (mean 7.23); width of body: 4.70–5.10 (mean 4.84); height of body: 3.20–3.50 (mean 3.30); width of head: 1.97– 2.07 (mean 2.02); interocular distance: 1.40–1.45 (mean 1.43); width of apex of pronotum: 2.30–2.40 (mean 2.36); width of base of pronotum: 4.02–4.12 (mean 4.09); length of pronotum along midline: 1.80–1.85 (mean 1.83); length of elytra along suture: 5.10–5.60 (mean 5.30). Body oval and strongly convex (Fig. 3). Head dark reddish brown to dark brown. Mandi- bles reddish-brown, apex black. Maxillary palps reddish-brown, with apical palpomere dark brown. Antennomeres I–V yellowish-brown, sometimes IV–V partially darkened, VI–VII blackish-brown, VIII–XI black. Pronotum brown to blackish-brown, margins black. Scutel- lum dark brown, basal margin black. Elytra dark brown to blackish-brown, with two pairs of yellowish-brown spots. Venter dark brown to black, with hypomera and last abdominal ventrite partially brown. Legs reddish-brown, with at least basal half of femora dark brown.
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tooth 0.10 mm long. Fore tibiae in bulged inwards somewhat before their midlength, the bulge with weak edge. Sternite 7 with distinct semicircular, 0.07 mm deep emargina- tion (Fig. 37). Plate of tergite 8 hardly emarginate (Fig. 41). Stalk of sternite 8 (Fig. 39) up to bifurcation ca. 0.50 mm long; sternite 8 with triangular sclerotization in middle (Fig. 40). Lateral thorns of parameroids sharply detached, knife-shaped and narrowed outwards (Fig. 44). Head blackish-brown. Antennomeres 1–3 and base of antennomere 4 yellowish-brown. Pronotum and scutellum yellowish-brown. Elytra brown, narrowly infuscate besides scutellum, apex blackish-brown (Fig. 45). Variation unknown. Body slender, 2.53 times as long as wide. Body length 4.75 mm. Iran. .................................... ...................................................................... E. persica Klausnitzer, 1975 ( unknown) 3* Parameroids of penis not very distinctly detached (Figs. 10, 21), behind lateral thorn
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– Forceps without prominent hooked teeth (Figs. 6, 9-12) ................................................. 3 3 Tegmina long, 1.5-2 times as long as pronotum. Wings visible or concealed .................. 4 – Tegmina short, approximately as long as pronotum. Wings entirely concealed. Distribu- tion: Cambodia. ..................................................................................... N. alenae sp. nov. 4 Dark brown species, head black or blackish brown. ........................................................ 5 – Yellowish-brown to pale reddish-brown species (including head). .................................. 6 5 Slender species, forceps twice as long as width of ultimate tergite (Fig. 6). Distribution: Indonesia. ........................................................................ N. tenuicornis (Bormans, 1900) – Stout species, forceps 1.1 to 1.4 times as long as width of ultimate tergite (Fig. 11). Distri- bution: Europe, Africa, Asia. ................................................... N. lividipes (Dufour, 1829) 6 Forceps with two pairs of small teeth on inner margin (Fig. 9). ... N. ornata Borelli, 1932 – Each branch of forceps with cylindrical tooth (not hooked) on inner margin close to base (Fig. 10), entire inner margin sparsely serrated. Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Thai- land. ...................................................................................... N. basalis Bey-Bienko, 1970
The powder was subjected to methanolic extraction yielding an orangish brown coloured liquid whos extractive value was 18.5 %. It contained phenol as much as 3.8 ± 0.14 µg gallic acid equivalent/mg. Total flavonoid content was determined by using quercetin as standard. The extract contained flavonoid as 2.5 ± 0.35 µg quercetin equivalent/mg. Very negligible amount of β-carotene and lycopene were found such as 0.234 ± 0.05 µg/mg and 0.181 ± 0.05 µg/mg of the extract respectively. All of these mycochemical constituents which help various systems of organisms to work properly, were present in much more quantity in C. indica than that of Pleurotus ostreatus . Ascorbic acid content was 3.61± 0.43 µg/mg of extract. It was much higher than earlier reports for that of Ganoderma lucidum (2.77mg/ml) , Macrocybe crassa (1.81 mg/ml)  and Grifola frondosa (0.37 mg/ml) .
Strain atau galur adalah suatu pengelompokan atau penggolongan varietas atas dasar kesamaan karakteristik tertentu yang dihasilkan oleh breeding farm melalui proses pemuliabiakan untuk tujuan ekonomis tertentu (Suprijatna, dkk., 2005). Pada saat ini telah banyak dihasilkan strain ayam petelur yang diproduksi oleh perusahaan-perusahaan pembibitan dengan kelebihan-kelebihan yang tidak sama satu dengan yang lain. Namun, di Provinsi Lampung yang beredar atau yang terbanyak dipelihara adalah strain Isa Brown dan Lohman.
1. Spores less than twice as long as wide, cystidia not articulated as above, cortina more apparent….…......2 2. Basidiomes covered with white tissue when young that can remain on pileus margin or stipe in age; cortina white, often copious………………………………………………………………………….……………………………….… 3 2. Basidiomes not obviously covered with white tissue (u.v. remnants) when young (may have white peronate sheath on stipe); cortina pale yellow, ocher, dark ocher, golden……..………………………………..….…4 3. Pileus robust (25-55 mm), context thick, margin incurved, pale brown covered with white tissue; lamellae pale yellow or olive brown; cortina white; stipe robust and covered with whitish tissue; odor faint………………………………………………………………………………..………………………………..………I. leucoblema 3. Pileus (15-45), context thinner, margin can be incurved, ocher or pale brown beneath white u.v. tissue or white tissue only at margin; lamellae pale then yellow brown; cortina white copious; stipe slim, covered with white fibrils in bands; odor faint …………………………….………………………………………………I. leucoloma 4. Pileus smooth fibrous, ocher with olive tint; lamellae ocher with olive tint; cortina pale yellow or ocher; stipe ocher, slightly roughened (white peronate sheath for some); context pale yellow; odor honey-like or of burnt sugar; dries pale ocher with olive tint………………………………………..……..I. dulcamara f. typique
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Description (male, holotype). Head brown black, pronotum dark brown with paler rufous brown base, elytra brown with two paler bands, interconnected on suture, anterior band some- what vague, transverse, narrowing mediad, posterior band evenly wide, moderately oblique from lateral sides antero-mediad; tibiae and tarsi yellowish brown, femora rather brownish, especially distally; antennae yellowish rufous, unicoloured.
Diagnosis. This species is recognised by the following combination of characters: medium size, red-brown to dark brown, with dark brown and cream patches on hemelytra and paranota (Fig. 1); head and AI almost black (Fig. 1); cephalic spines and rest of antennae lighter brown (Fig. 1); body covered with silvery, elongate, somewhat curly, woolly setae (Figs. 1, 5d), with setae on abdominal venter short, clavate and scale-like (Fig. 5h); pronotum and hemelytra with moderately elongate major setiferous tubercles, terminal seta straight and equal length or shorter than tuberculate base (Fig. 5c-e); major setiferous tubercles in one row on prono- tum and hemelytra veins, in two opposing rows along costal margin, continuing to forewing apex (Fig. 5c-e); cephalic spines elongate, occipital spines strongly arcuate laterally (Fig. 5a); paranota and costal area biseriate (Figs. 1, 5d-e); paranotal and costal areas biseriate (Figs. 1, 5d); hemelytra with large areolae in costal and sutural areas, and smaller areolae in discoidal and subcostal areas (Figs. 1, 5e).
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Abstract:- This study aim to identify and analyze the effect of organizational culture, organizational commitment, work motivation on employee performance. This research was conducted at Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. The sample in this research of 42 employee all civil servants in the Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. This study uses research instrument such as questionnaires distributed to employee of Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. The analytical method used is multiple linear regression analysis. Data is processed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 23. The result showed that organizational culture variables has influenced positive and significant on employee performance Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. organizational commitment variables has influenced positive and significant on employee performance Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika. work motivation variables has influenced positive and significant on employee performance Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika The result showed that organizational culture, organizational commitment, work motivation influence has positive and significant on employee performance.