case study method of research

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Fundamental concepts in management research and ensuring research quality : focusing on case study method

Fundamental concepts in management research and ensuring research quality : focusing on case study method

The research should demonstrate that the operations of a study – such as the data collection procedures – can be repeated, with the same results in an auditable way (Yin, 2003b). For instance, the process the researcher use going thorough in data analysis should be auditable and should follow a clear process that another person could adopt (i.e. it is not idiosyncratic). Hence, the purpose of reliability as a research quality criterion is to lessen the mistakes and biases in a research. Development of a case study protocol and a case study database are tactics to overcome reliability issues in case study research. “ In this sense, an auditor is also performing a reliability check and must be able to produce the same results if the same procedures are followed. A good guideline for doing case studies is therefore to conduct the research so that an auditor could repeat the procedures and arrive at the same results ” (Yin, 2003b: 39). Table 6 summarises some of general tactics to cope with research quality criteria.
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Case study as a research method

Case study as a research method

Case study research, through reports of past studies, allows the exploration and understanding of complex issues. It can be considered a robust research method particularly when a holistic, in-depth investigation is required. Recognised as a tool in many social science studies, the role of case study method in research becomes more prominent when issues with regard to education (Gulsecen & Kubat, 2006), sociology (Grassel & Schirmer, 2006) and community- based problems (Johnson, 2006), such as poverty, unemployment, drug addiction, illiteracy, etc. were raised. One of the reasons for the recognition of case study as a research method is that researchers were becoming more concerned about the limitations of quantitative methods in providing holistic and in-depth explanations of the social and behavioural problems in question. Through case study methods, a researcher is able to go beyond the quantitative statistical results and understand the behavioural conditions through the actor’s perspective. By including both quantitative and qualitative data, case study helps explain both the process and outcome of a phenomenon through complete observation, reconstruction and analysis of the cases under investigation (Tellis, 1997).
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Developing the adjudicated case study method

Developing the adjudicated case study method

In both the HSCED and Research Jury models, the central questions to be answered in the adjudication focus on change and causality. This reminds us that both methods have been specifically designed as alternative methods for evaluating the efficacy of therapy. In the PPI model, the range of possible “claims” to be considered by the judges is broader, reflecting Miller’s assertion that his approach to the systematic case study “eschews the pursuit of strictly causal hypotheses and theories as goals of clinical research” (2011, p. 7). It is the Advocate in the PPI model who identifies the claims that she believes she can establish in her presentation to the panel (Altman, 2011). In her description of her process in preparing her case, Altman talks about the “reductionistic aspect to the methodology”—that the “case and the treatment components were, in important ways, comprised of more than I was able to reduce to ‘propositions’” (p. 72). This is an important point to consider. One of the
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Delivering marketing magic: Marketing simulations in practice

Delivering marketing magic: Marketing simulations in practice

This research uses a case study method to provide insight into the implementation of a marketing simulation game and the effects upon both staff (in delivering the module) and students (in terms of engagement with study). The case study group comprises a group of 250+ first year undergraduate students at a business school in a Russell Group university. Through the utilisation of twice yearly student feedback questionnaires as a starting point, followed by focus groups and semi-structured interviews a rich data will be gathered.

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EXPLORING CHALLENGES OF MIDDLE LEADERSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION:  A CASE STUDY OF A VIETNAMESE UNIVERSITY

EXPLORING CHALLENGES OF MIDDLE LEADERSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF A VIETNAMESE UNIVERSITY

Studies on middle leadership in higher education are well documented in western literature. However, middle leadership is largely under- researched in Vietnam, and this has inhibited the development of educational leadership in this country. This paper presents some main aspects of educational leadership from a study which investigated the experiences of ten mid-level leaders at a university in Vietnam. This qualitative study was located within the interpretive research paradigm and used a case study method to explore human leadership experiences and perceptions. It adopted two data collection methods, semi-structured interviews and an online questionnaire, and used thematic analysis as the data coding framework. The participants of this study were ten middle leaders of a university in the south of Vietnam, half of whom were female. They were selected according to criteria that included balance in gender, a wide range of age and professional experiences, and representation for different units across the university. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the setting of Vietnamese higher education and presents the challenges in leadership work experienced by educational leaders and managers at this university. It is aimed at providing guidance for improving the quality of leadership work for this university, and more broadly, for other universities throughout the country.
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CASE STUDY AS A METHOD OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN Phd THESIS

CASE STUDY AS A METHOD OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY IN Phd THESIS

After setting the objectives, the researcher has started searching for appropriate method of research. As the study requires microscopic analysis, case study method is found the most feasible method for continuing research. Multiple cases are taken with a view to strengthen the robustness of the theory. The Case Study Protocol is carefully designed in the following lines.

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The Role Of Agriculture Sector In Groundwater Governance (Case Study: Rafsanjan Plain) A Qualitative Research With Using Focus Group Method

The Role Of Agriculture Sector In Groundwater Governance (Case Study: Rafsanjan Plain) A Qualitative Research With Using Focus Group Method

This study aims to investigate the role of agriculture in groundwater crisis thoroughly. Direct and indirect effects of agricultural custodians on Rafsanjan’s groundwater governance are also studied in order to address the root causes of crises. Therefore, the qualitative research method was performed for a focus group and in depth discussion was considered in order to study different aspects of the issue. The purpose of qualitative research is to obtain a deep understanding of human behavior and its underlying reasons. Qualitative research answers the why and how decision- making questions in addition to what, where and when. Thus, smaller and more focused samples are required [13]. Focus group interviews are carried out on a group of individuals who have all been involved with same issue, here is groundwater governance. Having already studied the situation, the researcher should lead the interviews such that interpretations of each group member is included [14]. The focus group interview is particularly useful in acquiring discussions and opinions that can be debated in addition to the very information obtained from each individual. Focus group interviews enables interaction among members (interviewees), and stimulates their tendency to thinking and sharing attitudes, which otherwise may not occur [15]. It is important to know that organizing the focus group itself, is not problem solving or decision making [16]. It usually consists of 8 to 12 people who share common issues associated with the subject [17]. In this qualitative study, conducted in Rafsanjan in February 2015, unstructured and semi-structured interviews were conducted. For this study used a purpose- oriented and criteria-centered sampling method. 15 agricultural experts were invited from public and private sectors and organized into four groups, including experts from different departments of agriculture, Pistachio Research Center, the farmer's house, pistachio commercial firms, Mirab Association and a leading farmer. The following questions, previously approved for appropriateness, organized from general issues to details, were employed to address the important details of agricultural sector.
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Paradoxical alliances in transactional analysis psychotherapy for anxiety : a systematic adjudicated case study

Paradoxical alliances in transactional analysis psychotherapy for anxiety : a systematic adjudicated case study

It is important to note some strengths and limitations of the present study. First, the case is of a white, French therapist working with a white, French client. Consequently, it is not possible to generalize the findings beyond the specific cultural context in which the therapy was conducted. It is noteworthy, however, that the therapy was conducted in private practice, as were the cases reported by Widdowson and Kerr just cited. This is significant because the psychotherapy research literature is dominated by effectiveness studies conducted in university clinics or healthcare settings. In such contexts, the therapists tend to be well resourced and supported by a team of colleagues from both a clinical perspective and in conducting research. The present study, when combined with the studies of McLeod, Widdowson, and Kerr, suggests that case study research is a useful method for practitioner research and is relatively easy to integrate into routine practice.
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Improving the Management of Islamic Study Group: A Case Study of Jammiyatul Ummahat Majelis Ta lim in Special Capital Region of Jakarta

Improving the Management of Islamic Study Group: A Case Study of Jammiyatul Ummahat Majelis Ta lim in Special Capital Region of Jakarta

This large number of Majelis Ta’lim require major attention so it will develop into a qualified educational institution, both in the management and human resources. The results of a study conducted by Kulsum Minangsih entitled ”Paradigma Baru Pengelolaan Institusi Dakwah: Urgensi Ilmu Manajemen mewujudkan Majelis Ta’lim Ideal” showed that the majority of Majelis Ta’lim are managed traditionally where the management relies on previous experiences and tradition. Besides, it employs the reward approach of lillah i ta'ala (because of Allah only) resulting in the quality of the materials are sometimes neglected, and the priority is the wish of the members. Such management method requires reform by introducing new management focusing on improving the quality of the teachers, curriculum, methods, infrastructures, etc (Minangsih, 2014). Kulsum Minangsih's finding is in line with the results of Rosehan Anwar's research conducted in 2002 at the Majelis Ta'lim Ahlu As Sunah Waljamaah in Palembang found that the Majelis Ta'lim Ahlu currently uses a conventional management method, namely the tradition based management. Anwar (2002) in his book entitled “Majelis Ta'lim & Pembinaan Umat, (Majelis Ta'lim Ahlu Assunah Waljamaah, Palembang Municipality)” argued that religious scholars (Kyai) or religious teachers (Ustadz) determine the progress of Majelis Ta'lim
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TA treatment of depression : a hermeneutic single case efficacy design study   'Sara'

TA treatment of depression : a hermeneutic single case efficacy design study 'Sara'

This study is the first of a series of three, and represents an Italian systematic replication of previous UK findings (Widdowson 2012a, 2012b, 2012c, 2013) that investigated the effectiveness of a recently manualised transactional analysis treatment for depression with British clients, using Hermeneutic Single-Case Efficacy Design (HSCED). The various stages of HSCED as a systematic case study research method are described, as a quasi-judicial method to sift case evidence in which researchers construct opposing arguments around quantitative and qualitative multiple source evidences and judges evaluate these for and against propositions to conclude whether the client changed substantially over the course of therapy and that the outcome was attributable to the therapy. The therapist in this case was a white Italian woman with 10 years clinical experience and the client, Sara, was a 62-year old white Italian woman with moderate depression and three recent bereavements, who attended sixteen sessions of transactional analysis therapy. The diagnosis is based on the new DSM-5 criteria that allow differentiation between Depression and Bereavement. The conclusion of the judges was that this was a good-outcome case: the client improved early over the course of the therapy, reported positive experience of therapy and maintained the improvement at the end of the follow-up.
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Mobile Learning in Suzuki Violin Lessons: A Study of QR Code Game

Mobile Learning in Suzuki Violin Lessons: A Study of QR Code Game

The study was based on the case study model, is a qualitative research method, to allow for the collection holistic and comprehensive data about the QR code game and the effects of the clues and tasks provided in white and yellow cards on students, and learning opportunities offered by this QR code game that was being applied to the field of violin education for the first time. According to Creswell (2007), a case study is a qualitative research approach where the researcher analyzes one or more cases that remained limited in the course of time, through collecting data from multiple sources (observations, interviews, visual-audial data, documents, reports) in order to identify cases and dependent themes. Case studies may include close analysis of humans, subjects, issues, or programs. Experiences of students in a school, the issue of cheating in another school etc. are known to be cases that are unique and special (Hays, 2004). Among case study designs, the holistic single-case study was utilized in this research. According to this design, there is only one unit of analysis (an individual, an institution etc.). This approach can be used in researching excessive, controversial, or authentic cases, as well as the ones never studied before, to confirm or disprove a well-formulated theory (Baxter&Jack, 2008). Applications regarding the use of QR code technology in instrument education have just emerged in literature. Single-case study design was used in this research due to the need for a deeper knowledge. 3.2 Study Group – Sample
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Case study research methodology

Case study research methodology

Case study methodology is also highly relevant to a postmodern perspective to psychotherapy with its accounting for a range of factors in the work. “Predictive theories and universals cannot be found in the study of human affairs. Concrete, context-dependent knowledge is, therefore, more valuable than the vain search for predictive theories and universals” (Flyvbjerg, 2006: 224). Case studies generate context-dependent knowledge which is an appropriate form of knowledge base in social sciences and disciplines based on observation and understanding of human behaviour and interaction in context. Flyvbjerg emphasises “in the social and human behavioural sciences…context- dependent knowledge and experience… (is at) the very heart of expert activity” (Flyvbjerg, 2006. p222). This position is based on the ability of experts to move beyond rigid, rule-bound approaches to ones which embrace complexity and require the higher level of theoretical and intellectual abstraction which is relevant in professional training programmes. Flyvbjerg goes on to state that presenting and discussing case studies is an important teaching method for imparting practical skills and promoting the development of professional decision making skills. Certainly, accounting for complexity in an individual‟s life and the interaction of various factors which may have influenced the change process, learning and refining the processes of theoretical and intellectual abstraction and assessing the often subtle impact of interventions, are key aspects of psychotherapy training.
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Investigating the Common Errors Among Basic Level Schools Pupils on Writing Composition

Investigating the Common Errors Among Basic Level Schools Pupils on Writing Composition

Descriptive case study research method was employed in this study to assess students writing composition especially grade eight Basic school pupils in Alshagra Basic level schools pupils for boys and girls, using questionnaire and written interview that contain open-ended questions According to Kumar (1996), descriptive methods attempt to describe systematically a situation, problem or phenomenon. Therefore the researcher used descriptive research method since it's important in gathering data in human activities.
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Improvement of Quality Control of Herbicide Products using the DMAIC Method Case Study in Chemical Companies in Merak  Banten

Improvement of Quality Control of Herbicide Products using the DMAIC Method Case Study in Chemical Companies in Merak Banten

This research method is carried out by using quantitative research on a production process in the manufacturing industry. Quantitative data is obtained from measurements of the results of the production process. The results of data collection are presented by tabulation. This study focuses on a selected case study based on the problems set out in the introduction to this thesis. The variables in this study are product conformance, these variables are factors that form the basis for achieving production targets in the production process of Herbicide products.
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Distinguishing case study as a research method from case reports as a publication type

Distinguishing case study as a research method from case reports as a publication type

components of the case study written by Clairoux et al., which had the objectives of (1) describing the library instruction offered and learning assessments used at a single health sciences library and (2) discussing the positive outcomes of instruction in that setting [16]. The authors focus on sharing what the institution has done more than explaining why this institution is an exemplar to explore a focused question or understand the phenomenon of library instruction. However, like a case study, the analysis brings together several streams of data including course attendance, online material page views, and
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The Chi-Square Goodness-Of-Fit Test for a Poisson distribution- Application to the Banking System

The Chi-Square Goodness-Of-Fit Test for a Poisson distribution- Application to the Banking System

This study covers the Chi-square goodness-of-fit test of the Poisson distribution of customers’ arrivals rate. A case study of First Bank Plc., Panseke, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria was used. Data on customers’ arrival rate per 5minutes for duration of 5 hours (9am – 2pm) was collected for the research study. The data for this study was collected via primary method of data collection with the principle of observation method which involves the physical presence of the researchers collecting the data and the subject of enquiry. The Poisson distribution was used to find the probability of a specific number of arrivals per “5 minutes”. To determine whether the number of arrivals per 5 minutes follows a Poisson distribution, the Chi-square goodness-of-fit-test was employed. The average arrival rate is estimated to be approximately 31 customers per 5 minutes. The highest and lowest expected frequencies are 4 and 0 respectively while the highest and the lowest observed frequencies are respectively 7and 0. With respect to the case study employed, scope of the study, research question, research design, method of data collection and technique of analysis, the research results revealed that arrival rate of customers to a banking system per 5 minutes in the duration of 5hours with average arrival rate of 31 customers does not follow a Poisson distribution.
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A socio legal research on personal data protection and privacy practices of Malaysian organisations

A socio legal research on personal data protection and privacy practices of Malaysian organisations

Multi-case study research method Multi-case study research method" is chosen because it enable the research to explore the means and methods of online privacy protection that are adopted[r]

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Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Number: 4 (Special Issue on Engineering Education)

Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Number: 4 (Special Issue on Engineering Education)

Coding was performed by two researchers on our team, with two additional members providing checks throughout the coding process. Our team has collective expertise in pre-college, as well as post-secondary, engineering, mathematics, and science. All of the researchers on our team who carried out or evaluated the coding contributed to the development of the curricular unit and thus were familiar with the science and mathematics concepts as well as the engineering design challenge. We coded all data to exact agreement. The results in this manuscript are organized by the Case Description section, which is the traditional case study narrative (Yin, 2014) that includes both raw data and explanations of the context surrounding the data, followed by the Discussion of Findings section, which is set up to answer our research question by providing a cross- sectional view of the science and mathematics concepts from the problem scoping lessons in the unit that students invoked during the solution generation lesson. The Discussion of Findings section refers to the raw data presented in the case narrative to provide evidence to support the answers to the research question. Together these sections provide both a rich look into our data and a parsed view that will address the research question conceptually. Finally, we end with conclusions that provide implications for teachers, curriculum writers, and researchers as we consider how engineering can be used to help students learn science and mathematics deeply in integrated settings.
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Enhancing educational opportunities with computer-mediated assessment feedback

Enhancing educational opportunities with computer-mediated assessment feedback

In relation to the first part of the research question, the results of the study clearly indicate that this method works well to provide feedback that is (a) more detailed than a marker might otherwise write for each student, (b) meets (and in some cases exceeds) the students’ expectations for the amount of feedback, and (c) delivered in a more timely manner because it is less labor intensive. All of these factors contribute to a positive reaction from the students to the method. The concerns of the proportion (<20%) who preferred custom-written feedback can be solved by offering one-to-one consultations in which feedback can be delivered in person. These were largely the high-achieving students who would likely benefit from a more direct mentoring-based approach.
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