Administration of Workmen's Compensation Laws in the Southwest SMU Law Review Volume 5 | Issue 2 Article 11 1951 Administration of Workmen's Compensation Laws in the Southwest T Michael Kostos Follow[.]
The Workers’ Compensation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Actuaries 1 (hereinafter “WC Subcommittee”) respectfully offers the following comments with respect to the draft Model Act regarding Professional Employer Organizations’ relationship to workers’ compensationlaws, currently being considered by the Workers’ Compensation Insurance Committee.
T he issue of coverage under workers’ compensationlaws received a great deal of attention in 2001. For example, extending presumptions of coverage for certain dis- eases suffered by law enforcement officers or firefighters, or both, occurred in Arizona, California, Florida, Maryland, and Virginia. On the other hand, sports officials, State prisoners and county inmates in Florida, musicians in Louisiana, horse trainers in Montana, and soccer referees in Oregon were ex- cluded from coverage.
Section 23.30.225(a)--When periodic retirement of survivors' benefits are payable under Title II of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C., 301 et. seq.), the weekly compensation for total disability or death shall be reduced by an amount equal to one- half of the Federal benefits for such week. (b)--When a claim has been filed under this chapter, any weekly disability benefits payable shall be offset by benefits in accordance with 42 U.S.C., 401 et. seq., by an amount which exceeds 80 percent of the employee's average weekly wage at the time of injury. (c)--When employer contributions to a pension or profit sharing plan are included in the calculation of the compensation rates, any pension or plan payments during a week are offset.
The critical findings are that at the time the [the worker] ceased work he was not suffering from an “injury”, but was angry with his employers, because of their perceived reluctance to deal with a situation of concern to the [worker]. Employment ceased not because of an “injury” but because of the [worker’s] anger with his employer – an industrial dispute. Because he was out of work and therefore not earning, and because his claim for compensation was rejected, over a period of time he developed a psychiatric condition which was variously described by those experts who examined him in or about January 1998. But the evidence does not establish that his psychiatric condition in January 1998 was caused by his employment which ceased in June 1997 nor that (if it be an “injury”) the
be determined to be ineligible for benefits without regard to whether or not the employer had a wirtten policy against such conduct. Michigan: for refusing to undergo drug testing, or testing positive for drugs. Minnesota: includes disciplinary suspension of more than 30 days. Mississippi: the Mississippi Department of Employment Security may conduct drug tests of applicants for unemployment compensation for the unlawful use of controlled substances as a condition for receiving such compensation, if such applicant: (i) Was terminated from employment with the claimant’s most recent employer, as defined by Mississippi law, because of the unlawful use of controlled substances; or (ii) Is an individual for whom suitable work, as defined by Mississippi law, is only available in an occupation (as determined under regulations issued by the U.S. Secretary of Labor) that requires drug testing. Missouri: includes disciplinary suspension and conduct in violation of the employer’s alcohol and controlled substance workplace policy. New Hampshire: for being discharged for intoxication, drug use or theft of amount greater than $100 but less than $250, disqualification is for 4 to 26 weeks. North Carolina: includes reporting to work significantly impaired by alcohol or illegal drugs, consuming alcohol or illegal drugs on an employer’s premises, or conviction by a court for manufacturing, selling or distribution of a controlled substance while an employee. North Dakota: includes disciplinary suspension. Ohio: includes disciplinary suspension. Oklahoma: for refusing to undergo drug or alcohol testing, or testing positive for either. Oregon: if discharged because of tardiness or absenteeism as a result of drug or alcohol abuse, unless the claimant is participating in a recognized drug or alcohol rehabilitation center and provides documentation of participation in the program. Pennsylvania: willful misconduct; refusal to submit to or pass a drug or alcohol test conducted pursuant to an established substance abuse policy; includes disciplinary suspension. Puerto Rico: includes disciplinary suspension. South Carolina: disqualifies for discharge for cause between 5 and 19 weeks, and 20 weeks for misconduct. South Dakota: deliberate misconduct in willful disregard of the employer’s interest; disciplinary suspension. Virgin Islands: includes disciplinary suspension. 5. North Carolina: disqualifies for being put on disciplinary suspension by employer, which is defined as acts or
authorized under other jurisdictions’ workers’ compensationlaws. As such, eligible federal employees with higher salaries have more of their after-tax income replaced by workers’ compensation wage-loss benefits than workers residing in the same jurisdiction who were paid the same and whose benefits were affected by the states’ authorized maximum benefit levels. When employees earn wages that are greater than the wages needed to be eligible for maximum benefits, income replacement rates begin declining because increases in workers’ wages and spendable incomes do not result in larger workers’ compensation benefits. Table I.2 shows annual salary equivalents to receive maximum weekly workers’ compensation wage-loss benefits for employees covered by FECA , LHWCA , and selected state workers’ compensationlaws.
“The term ‘insured’ is ambiguous, however, because, as used in R.C. 4123.54, it is unclear whether it is meant to preclude an employee from receiving benefits in Ohio: (a) merely because a policy of workers’ compensation insurance has been secured in another state by the injured workers’ employer; or (b) only when the application of the law of the other state would permit actual recovery under the facts of the case; or (c) only when the claimant’s employer is required to maintain coverage on his behalf in another state, i.e., amenability; or (d) only when the laws of the other state do not deny its agencies and courts the power to entertain a claim for benefits on the merits, i.e., bestows subject-matter jurisdiction. “The General Assembly could have, but did not, pursuant to the nonresidency provision contained in R.C. 4123.54, preclude entitlement to benefits to a nonresident solely on the basis that he is temporarily in Ohio. Instead, it imposed the additional condition that, to be precluded, the nonresident employee who is temporarily in Ohio must be ‘insured’ under the workers’ compensationlaws of another state. We believe that this evidences legislative concern that a remedy be available somewhere to the nonresident employee.” (Wartman, supra, 75 OhioApp.3d at 181-184, italics in original, bolding added.) 16
compensationlaws in Tasmania, Peter was not eligible to claim a common law damages payout as he did not meet the 30 per cent whole person impairment threshold. He has received some compensation, but the accident – and loss of employment – has placed significant financial pressure on his family.
operating range in a soft switching mode. The operation during burst mode shows an efficiency slightly lower than that of continuous operation. The proposed system proposes a new compensation system the quality of energy that consists of several rail power conditioners. The proposed system can be used to offset the negative sequence current on the high-speed electrified railway. minimum capacity installed is 2/3 of traditional compensation capacity of one station is performed. a new compensation strategy simulation results show that the compensation proposed collaboration conditioners rail power is effective arises. You can reduce the ability of compensation and has good performance offsetting negative sequence current.
Another issue relates to the study of a complex of reasons that determined development and evolutionary process of normative acts and laws in five civilizations (including Hammurabi’s Babylonian Empire), namely in Mesopotamia, ancient Egypt, ancient Hebrew history, the Hittite Empire[10, 11,12, 13]thatexisted during the Bronze Age (1600-1178 B.C.E.) and covered the territory what is presently Turkey, Syria and Lebanon, including but not limited to Ancient Greek and Rome. “To be more precise, what we know about the Ancient Near East dates back to the V – IV millennium BC, and spells out information gathered from the excavation works conducted to the early human settlements in ancient Sumer, Palestine (in the vicinity of Yerikhon), in southern Turkey (Anatolia). These circumstances called for some certain tribal customs and rules to be observed. From the west to the east, historical map of the Ancient Near East covered Tunis (capital – Carthage), modern China, Indonesia and Japan; from the south to the north it stretched from modern Ethiopia to the Caucasian mountains and the southern coasts of the Aral Sea. This vast geographical area was once home for numerous states of influential power – the Ancient Egyptian kingdoms, the Babylonian Empire, the Hittite Empire, the Great Assurian Empire, Urartu, Phoenicia (the costs of the Aral Sea), including small states in Syria, Palestine, Troy, Phrygia, Lidia (last two territories are presently Asia Minor), Elamite I (on the Iranian plateau), Aratta, which was surrounded by the Urmia Lake (some foreign scholars consider Arrata to be part of Afghanistan), including but not limited to, the Great Persian Monarchy which entailed, in the whole or in part, the states of Middle East, Central Asia, India, China, Korea and southeastern Asia.[15, (стр.) p.4]. ” The particulars with reference to the early norms and laws on this area are certainly associated with the ancient Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian and Chinese sources. Establishment of normative rules and laws, as a whole, calumniate in the “introduction of jurisprudence and code”.... that is why, when the researchers allude to the Roman Laws, they mostly use the language that was employed in written “Twelve Tables”[9, p.1].For example, in Egypt, during this period, legal norms regarding land property, taxation, etc. were outlined. Tax collectors in then-fully centralized government appear to have concentrated more superior power in their hands; what took priority over any other matter within this society was the belief that advocated “pharaoh be law itself”.
x Key Action 2: There is no doubt that the Commission could help the adoption of cloud computing in Europe to grow by addressing the issue of data privacy. Model clauses would be helpful, as would a common set of standards that would enable cloud providers to ensure that all appropriate EU-level privacy rules are addressed by their solutions. Beyond that, the creation of a model set of contract conditions for cloud usage is a distant prospect. The Commission has been working for years on the issue of harmonizing contract laws across the EU – and there is no immediate likelihood of that happening (either in the cloud or out of it) any time soon.
8. Law of correspondence: “As above, so below, and as below, so above, to make whole the wonderful divine work. As in the micro, so in the macro. As within, so without. If I am endowed with consciousness, then each cell is, as each solar system is, and as the entire universe is’”. Hermeneutists divide the world into three plans: physical, mental and spiritual. Each plan functions according to the same spiritual laws. If therefore, we understand the laws governing one of the plans, then we will understand the way the other plans work. By applying this knowledge, we can elevate our consciousness towards the immediately higher level of existence (Virtue, 2007, p.16).
Psomopoulos in  investigated laws of the form x t [x n , y] ≡ [x, y m ]x s in rings. He showed that in many cases rings satisfying such laws are commutative. For example, if m and n are coprime then every ring satisfying the law x t [x n , y] ≡ [x, y m ]x s is commutative (, Theorem 2). He also noticed that the last statement for groups may not be true. For example, the symmetric group on three symbols, which is non-abelian satisﬁes the law x 6 [x 7 , y] ≡ [x, y]x 6 . However, he showed that in some cases groups satisfying such laws are abelian. The following proposition describes such case.
Line impedance is also responsible for the voltage distortion caused by the circulation of non-sinusoidal current. It degrades the performance of the power conditioners due to its effects on the corresponding control and synchronization systems -. A new preliminary modelling methodology was introduced where a more realistic model applied for grid connected systems is presented while considering the dynamics of the distorted point of common coupling (PCC) voltages. This approach was shown to be an improved alternative using linear quadratic regulator (LQR) controllers and the Kalman filter (KF) algorithm  applied to these systems. The KF is a recursive algorithm that is well known for dealing with dynamic systems corrupted by uncertainties or noise and which has been widely studied and used in very different applications . In addition to the controller, the reference generation plays an important role to achieve the compensation objectives –. It is assumed that the frequency of the grid is constant, and only harmonics are detected. In a recent paper , a mathematical model that is capable of identifying harmonics and unbalance is proposed while using a KF with less computational effort. The method is based on single phase filter. However, this method still considers a constant frequency and the model is derived by rotating axes, which leads to a time- variant model even under constant frequency, in contrast with the time invariant model used in this work. In the time variant model, it would also need an extra block for proper synchronization that is not the case in this proposal.
Table 7 reports results of models estimated separately for firms with above- and below-median media coverage based on articles appearing on Ravenpack’s Equities Edition. In odd- (even-) numbered models, the subsample comprises firms whose lagged 12-month full-article counts (Media Coverage) are above (below) the median value. In Panel A, the dependent variable is the natural logarithm of inflation-adjusted total compensation, Ln(Compensation). In Panel B, the dependent variable is the natural logarithm of inflation-adjusted pay-for-performance sensitivity, Ln(Delta). CEO is an indicator variable equal to 1 (0) if the executive is a CEO (CFO). Post is an indicator variable equal to one when a firm’s fiscal year ends on or after December 31, 2017, and equal to zero otherwise. Refer to Appendix B for details on variable measurement and data sources. In models (1) and (2), we control for year- and Fama-French 48 industry- fixed effects. In models (3) and (4), we control for year- and firm-fixed effects. Coefficients for control variables consistent with those in Tables 3 – 5 and fixed effects are suppressed for ease of presentation. Standard errors are clustered at the firm level. t-statistics are in parentheses below each coefficient. *, **, and *** indicate significance at the 10%, 5%, and 1% levels, respectively.
This hypothesis is based on the assumption that CEOs have the power to reallocate funds across segments, and that they are the ones making the final investment decisions. I also control for other economic factors that have previously been shown to affect firms’ investment decisions, such as a segment’s size, past performance, growth opportunity, and industry (see, for example, Shin & Stulz, 1998; Scharfstein, 1998). Larger segments, segments with better past performances and/or greater growth opportunities may get more funding. Since these factors may be correlated with industry pay levels, I need to control for them in order to examine the marginal effect of segments’ pay levels on their capital expenditures. For example, Smith and Watts (1992) suggest that firms with more growth opportunities have higher executive compensation, and use more stock-option awards.