Course Advisories: SCC minimum English and math standards. Introduction to CriminalJustice presents an overview of informal and formal means of social control. It is a study of the history, evolution, philosophy, structure, operation and role of the criminaljustice system and its component sub-systems (law enforcement, courts, corrections). It also explores the history of the U.S. Constitution and application of constitutional principles; theories of crime causation and criminal behavior. Another component of this course is the study of professional ethics, education and training for professionals in the criminaljustice system. Required for all CriminalJustice majors. Three hours lecture.
271. 501 U.S. 957, 979 n.9 (1991). For an interesting examination of this recognition in the con- text of government prosecutions resulting in large financial recoveries, see Margaret H. Lemos & Max Minzner, For-Profit Public Enforcement, 127 H ARV . L. R EV . 853 (2014). Like the LFO context, incen- tives in large recovery actions are strongest when the entity or agency is permitted to retain some or all of the enforcement proceeds. Id. at 854. Of course, big dollar public enforcement actions, which do not always attend criminal cases, and which often target monied and high profile individuals or enti- ties, differ in important respects from LFO collections. The latter are staples of the criminaljustice system today and are experienced by legions of mostly poor and functionally anonymous individuals. One outgrowth of the difference is that big dollar enforcement actions can be motivated by reputa- tional incentives, for individuals and agencies, at play even when money does not go to the enforcer. See id. at 875–86. With LFOs, such a reputational incentive is typically absent.
The faculty of the CriminalJustice Division provide a wealth of experience and training spanning the gamut of practical and theoretical criminaljustice and criminology. Our instructors are from federal, state, and local law enforcement, public policy administration, research, and from a range of governmental and academic agencies. Their scholarly interests span a spectrum of philosophical and systemic perspectives offering a wealth of social, cultural, global, and personal insights which add to an enriching and profound educational experience.
It is beyond the scope of this chapter to investigate which conception of the general justifying aim of criminaljustice is most adequate. However, it is worth briefly setting out some of the major fault lines in order better to illustrate why the relevance of remorse is a central dividing issue. Perhaps the major fault line is between forward- and backward-looking approaches; that is, between those who think that what justifies criminaljustice is that it is the best available technique for bringing about some future good (normally, that good being security, or the settled avoidance of harm), and those who think that criminaljustice is justified by the need to mark the seriousness of the wrong itself (independently of future good), in order to vindicate the rights and standards that were violated. Deterrence; incapacitation; many varieties of rehabilitation; some forms of censure view these are purposes that fall into the forward - looking camp in so far as they justify criminal law trial and punishment as a means to a further end. If the criminal process criminalizing actions, policing them, investigating them, trying apparent transgressors and punishing those convicted were not the most cost-effective technique for bringing about security then, on a purely forward-looking view, there would be no reason to have such a process. By contrast some see the criminal process as something we need to have in order to do justice to the human significance of wrongdoing, independently of whether it brings about future security: amongst the
Description: In the Department of CriminalJustice, students are taught knowledge and skills in preparing them to become effective and important role-players in the correctional services environment. With this degree students will be qualified to operate especially as correctional service officers, but they can also be used in any other safety and security related institutions such as the police, private security, traffic police, the military, etc.).
Kent CJB has secured £2.4m over 3 years to establish an Independent Domestic Violence Advisor service to provide victims with support through the court process. The area is also piloting a single Virtual Remand Court, receiving prisoners from across the county to improve court utilisation. Recent successes include Warrants for further Detention and Applications for Search Warrants by video link, the launch of a Restorative Justice Vision that will allow victims and offenders to complete a RJ intervention during their criminaljustice journey, and implementation of Mental Health Courts across the county in order to reduce reoffending through making sure defendants mental health needs are met. The year ahead will see Police Officers giving evidence by video in Crown Court. For further information on these projects can be found at Annex 5.
more consistent with raters' estimates of the utility of journals. Two of the ﬁ fteen journals showed consistently high impact scores during 2000-2004 and across ratings of informal utility: (1) Law and Human Behavior (LHB) and (2) CriminalJustice and Behavior (CJB). Among many lessons learned, the I.F. was not found to be a completely ﬂ awed measure, being fairly consistent with the other measures. The Immediacy Index (II), a measure relied on by ISI that counts citations to articles published during the same year as the source journal, was shown to be completely ﬂ awed for the ﬁ eld of crime-psychology; due to publication lag in the ﬁ eld, nearly all of the II cites were self-cites. While a prestige survey of CJC journals was recently published (Sorensen et al., 2006), an impact study of CJC journals has not been produced in more than two decades. Although impact studies of CJC journal prestige have shown a degree of high correlation with reputational rankings, signi ﬁ cant deviations in rankings between the two types of measures have also been observed (Poole & Regoli, 1981; Sorensen, Patterson, & Widmayer, 1992). This is due to the fact that citation analyses are intended to measure a speci ﬁ c domain, the usefulness of journal articles published to other researchers and subsequent impact on the ﬁ eld, as opposed to the reputational prestige of a journal, which could be in ﬂ uenced by numerous additional factors such as its age, sponsorship, theoretical or research orientation, and past reputation (Christenson & Sigelman, 1985; Weisheit & Regoli, 1984). The current study was undertaken to provide an impact assessment of journals as an alternative measure to the peer ratings reported by Sorensen et al. (2006). While the JCR exist, as seen above for a variety of reasons, they are simply insuf ﬁ cient for the task. Most obviously, the JCR contain only a fraction of the sixty-nine journals rated by respondents in Sorensen et al.'s prestige survey. Further, the JCR includes journals that were purposefully excluded from Sorensen et al.'s survey, speci ﬁ cally foreign journals 1 and niche journals only tangentially related to CJC.
The Victim/Witness Program is available to provide assistance to victims and witnesses of crimes against people. Makes referrals to available community resources. Does its best to ensure that crime victims or witnesses receive sensitive treatment while participating in the criminaljustice system. Assist injured victims in applying to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Fund. Hours are 8:30am-5:00pm., Monday- Friday.
It is clear from this brief summary that those who tried to scare American voters by calling Barack Obama a socialist or communist during the campaign and during his term in office were plainly wrong. He appears to be more of a realist believer in international relations but a realist who also believes in the democratic theory of international relations. Yes, he also promised to share the wealth of America with many of the less privileged around the world but this is no more socialist than the practice of giving foreign aid has been in the history of international relations. Obama may also be accused of being a liberal because he offered to sit down and negotiate even with those who hate America but he re-emphasized his realism when he said that he would not hesitate to defend America with force if necessary. In short, Obama’s foreign policy is not expected to display allegiance to the critical theories of international relations but that does not mean that he did not consider the arguments of the critical school. Critical theorists emphasize the wellbeing of American and global workers, emphasize intellectual and moral leadership rather than force, emphasize the plight of women and people of African descent who remain oppressed for being women or poor minorities worldwide and emphasize the role that language could play in empowering or oppressing people in societies structured in race-class-gender dominance and governed with authoritarian populism as Stuart Hall (1983) would put it before the emergence of the authoritarianism of Trumpism (Agozino, 2016). Genuine realism demands that the US presidency should consider such emphases in domestic and foreign policy decisions even though he admitted that there is not much the presidency can do to change domestic criminaljustice administration which is under local authorities (Obama, 2017).
Projects that engage those who have offended in the design, commissioning and delivery of programmes remain relatively rare in the UK, particularly in community based criminaljustice services (Devilly and colleagues 2005; Morrison and colleagues 2006). However, Foundation 4 Life (F4L) is an example of a London based programme, which engages reformed offenders and ex-gang leaders to deliver behaviour modification workshops and programmes to young people who are either offending, or at risk of offending. F4L runs a six week Guns, Gangs and Weapons programme, involving workshops, follow-up outreach and peer mentoring placement scheme. This initiative brings together prisoners on licence, reformed offenders, ex-gang leaders, victims and their families. It uses testimonies, group debates,
Examines crime, crime control and crime prevention from a comparative perspective. A number of key countries are analyzed to identity innovative practices in policing, the administration of justice, and corrections, with an eye on their applicability, if any, to criminaljustice practices in the United States. Developments in select countries are examined to learn critical lessons about the interplay between culture, types of government, quality of life, and levels and types of crimes. Islamic justice systems are explored to enrich our knowledge of cultural differences and their effects on crime control. Points of divergence between various countries and the United States are analyzed to assess differences in perception regarding the causes of crime and differences in the effectiveness of crime prevention, rehabilitation and punishment efforts. We will furthermore investigate transnational and international crime problems, focusing on terrorism, nuclear weapons, organized crime and drug smuggling. Finally, the course will examine current multi-national efforts in controlling crime problems.
This Article proceeds as follows: Part I argues for a more expansive understanding of overcriminalization. In particular, it argues for focusing on low-level offenses, where the initial criminal punishment may not appear excessive, and for taking into account actors other than police, prosecutors, and judges. Part II identifies how key institutions use criminaljustice decisions instrumentally. They use the criminaljustice system to generate revenue, keep down costs, or achieve other organizational objectives. It argues that these decisions reflect a certain organizational logic, although the sum of these decisions does not make for rational policy overall. Part III examines the implications of these dynamics for misdemeanor reform. It argues for the importance of identifying stakeholders in the current system. Stakeholders include those with a vested financial interest in the criminaljustice system, such as privatized probation companies and the background check industry, as well as others who gain significant value from widespread access to records. It also questions whether cost- benefit analysis—which has been an important force in spurring reform targeted at mass incarceration—is of similar use in the context of low- level offenses. Lastly, it preliminarily considers potential avenues for realigning the interests of stakeholders with those of the state.
(2) Current Event: This assignment will involve summarizing a news topic that has some recent relevance and is material to the topic of the class. You are free to report from the perspective of social issues, law enforcement, criminaljustice system, management, the offenders or the victim. For many classes, unless otherwise instructed, the event may be local, national or international. There should be no problem finding information that falls into this parameter. The summary must not be any longer than one (1) page of narrative. Three points must be addressed, summary of the topic, relevance to class, your opinion, impression or commentary. The paper is in APA format including a title page, page numbers, title, spacing, citations, reference section, etc. There must be at least one source cited. The source must be legitimate; such as local or national media, Google news or press releases from a reputable source. Do not report news from Wikipedia, directly from affiliated biased parties, or incredible sources. DO NOT cut/paste the entire article. You may quote a cited source up to 10% of your entire narrative. All students may be required to informally present the Current Event during the class session. This requires the student to have access to the article during class and a hard copy or notes are
Submit the DUAL/DOUBLE major Degree Adding/Dropping a Minor application form available at the College of Liberal Arts office to Dr. Charles Funderburk, CriminalJustice Program director and advisor. (His mailbox is located in the Political Science Department, 325 Millett Hall.) Please review with Dr. Funderburk the requirements for the minor degree. At the time of a student’s application for graduation, the CriminalJustice Program advisor will certify completion of all requirements for the minor to the College of Liberal Arts.
The purposes of the Department of Sociology and CriminalJustice are to prepare students for citizenship in the modern world by giving them a better knowledge and understanding of their social, cultural, economic, and physical environment. In this regard the Department endeavors to teach critical thinking to broaden the student's social background for entry into various vocations, and to provide the background for entrance into professional and graduate schools. To carry out its objectives, the Department offers curricula in Sociology and CriminalJustice.
required. A comparison to a different criminaljustice system is helpful to shake us out of this assumption. The German criminaljustice system meets justifiable ends of criminaljustice as well as the American system, but it does so without very much abrasive blame. The conditions of incarceration in Germany are required by law to meet “the principle of normalcy:” life in prison should mimic life in the outside world as closely as possible. Contrast this approach to Joe Arpaio’s unabashed aim to “run a very bad jail.” 238 Whereas American correctional officers call prisoners by number or last name, German officers (who are trained extensively as civil servants) address inmates respectfully as “Sie” (the polite and formal term for “you”) or “Herr So-and-So.” Moreover, laws protect inmates from being insulted by both guards and one another. Invectives cannot be hurled back and forth through bars as they so often are in American prisons. Bars on doors have been eliminated in German prisons and cell doors remain unlocked during the day. Prisoners have meaningful jobs supervised by employers rather than guards (and are even given four weeks of paid vacation!). In France, prison uniforms have been
This course is designed to supply criminaljustice students with the knowledge to learn how to gather data about the “where, what, why, and how” regarding crime, corrections, and the demographics of people who engage in criminality. Participants will learn how to conduct research on micro and macro levels and examine the different criminaljustice databases in which to gather information. The course includes the participation in projects involving methods for solving criminaljustice research problems and provides a foundation for