Health Promotion

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HEALTH PROMOTION A FUTURE IN PROMOTION

HEALTH PROMOTION A FUTURE IN PROMOTION

Health promoters advocate for people’s rights to good health, social equity, health equality and social justice at an individual, community or national level. The focus of health promotion is to empower people and communities to take control of their health and wellbeing, according to the Health Promotion Forum of New Zealand: Runanga Whakapiki Ake i te Hauora o Aotearoa.

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Moving prison health promotion along: Towards an integrative framework for action to develop health promotion and tackle the social determinants of health

Moving prison health promotion along: Towards an integrative framework for action to develop health promotion and tackle the social determinants of health

promotion strategy document emerging in 1986, which indicated that ‘health’ is wider than ‘healthcare’ and that health education alone cannot bring about improved health (World Health Organization, 1986). The Charter attempts to address both structural forces that influence health (e.g. policy, environment) and also the individual health choices (agency) that people make (Rütten & Gelius, 2011). The Charter provides five principal areas for action: building healthy public policy; creating supportive environments; strengthening community action; developing personal skills; re-orientating health services (WHO, 1986). These five areas have continued to provide a useful framework for the delivery of health promotion and public health programmes (Kickbusch, 2003) and authors claim that the Charter has had a “phenomenal influence” on the development of health promotion practice over the past two decades (Nutbeam, 2008, p.436). Despite this endorsement, the explicit application of the Charter to prison settings has been rarely considered (although see Ramaswamy & Freudenberg, 2007; Woodall & South, 2012).
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Food, Health and Globalisation: Is Health Promotion Still Relevant?

Food, Health and Globalisation: Is Health Promotion Still Relevant?

The economist Amyata Sen (1981) sees the issues related to food as about the entitlements one has, famine he argues is rarely the result of a lack of food but of a lack of entitlement. Sen says that famine ‘ is the characteristic of some people not having enough food to eat. It is not the characteristic of there not being enough food to eat.’ Famine is a consequence of people lacking the entitlement to access the available food. This is an important distinction as in the old global order the nation states had some commitment to their citizens and ensuring entitlement, however this was manifested (eg food welfare schemes). The new order owes no such allegiance to its customers. Yet health promotion practice acts or reacts in a way that suggests that famines are new phenomena as opposed to age old occurrences influenced by weather and national conditions but also by markets and global trade (Davis, 2002).
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Employee Health Promotion Support Program

Employee Health Promotion Support Program

We are pleased to invite you to participate in the Southeast Service Cooperative Member Health Promotion Support Program for your employees and their families. This program offers prevention- oriented health promotion services that can help you and your employees get fit, stay fit, and manage your health. SSC Member organizations that participate in the Health Insurance Pools receive an added value and opportunity for funding assistance for the coordination and implementation of your local health promotion program. The following information answers the most commonly asked questions about the Health Promotion Program.
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Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Health Promotion and Community Health

Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Health Promotion and Community Health

In this course, students learn concepts and acquire skills which are necessary for successful community health promotion and development programs. They study the basic principles of community organizing and critique current trends of community development practices using relevant literature. Students also investigate alternative approaches necessary to improve on community development practices through applications in the field.

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Health Psychology: applied Health Psychology within Health Promotion

Health Psychology: applied Health Psychology within Health Promotion

Considering the prevalence of teenage pregnancy and STIs in young people described previously, feasible, low-cost sexual health promotion interventions in schools are greatly needed. Video-based intervention is time and cost effective, and can be used repeatedly (Ferland, Ladouceur, & Vitaro, 2002; Torabi et al., 2000). There are a number of reasons why visual media deserves exploration for its potential for learning and behaviour change within the school setting. A video combines more ways of providing information than other media (e.g. text), allows learning through both verbal and visual means (Wetzel, Radtke, & Stern, 1994), and may be better able to capture students’ attention (Ferland et al., 2002). Some research suggests that, when dealing with young people, simply conveying information is not enough to create positive effects (Donaldson, Graham, Piccinin et al., 1997; Van der Pligt, 1998). A medium that can capture students’ attention and interest is essential for an effective intervention. However there are very few published trials which utilise video interventions in a school setting as the primary and sole intervention method. Typically video education comprises one element of a multi-modal intervention.
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The role of allied health professionals in health promotion

The role of allied health professionals in health promotion

© Queen‘s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2011. This work was produced by Petchey et community commissioners (29). Explicit references to the role of AHPs in the context of health promotion areas in which they are actively involved are also noticeable by their absence in more recent policy documents (41). The Next Stage Review (35) focused on the future development of both prevention and treatment services, emphasising primary and community care services as playing a central role in helping people lead healthy lives. It reiterated that health promotion ―should be embedded in the millions of daily contacts between clinical staff working in the community and patients‖ (39) and that more should be done to promote health at all life stages, systematically identify and support those most at risk of ill-health, and increase access to services that help people maintain and improve their health and wellbeing, with primary and community clinicians enhancing their role in promoting equality of opportunity and equality of health outcomes.
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Evaluation of health promotion activities in nurses

Evaluation of health promotion activities in nurses

716 existence of laws in the workplace, many of the exposures and risk situations, are inevitable. It's crucial for hospitals to benefit from health promotion policy. Based on our current knowledge about the importance of lifestyle factors related to the treatment and prognosis of diseases, all hospitals must develop policy, consulting services, training and support of health promotion as an integrated part the course of a person's disease and staff. The impact of health promotion policy in hospitals is based upon descriptive studies and in this area a low level of evidence is available(4)." "In addition, hospitals are dangerous workplaces of physical threats (like contacting with biological, chemical, and nuclear agents) mental (like stress and night shifts), and social (including night shifts as a factor in social life, and conflicts). Working conditions has the immediate impact on health that in this situation it should be dealt with and hospitals organizations are responsible for these effects and must use these three strategies to improve the health of the employees. The hospital can provide Individual or group services to protect their employees against occupational disease and enable them for the management of diseases and health promotion (4).
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Elderly Empowerment: Health Promotion in the Perspective of Popular Education in Health

Elderly Empowerment: Health Promotion in the Perspective of Popular Education in Health

This study aimed to analyze the contributions of Popular Education in Health for the elderly empowerment in the community context. It is characterized as a qualitative research, type action research, which were studied issues related to prevention and promotion of health of the elderly in the community set- ting, through the Popular Education in Health, among the Project activities extension “Popular Education and Health Care for the Family (PEPASF)”, the Federal University of Paraíba, in João Pessoa, PB, Brazil. The participants were 40 elderly (but here we used the answers of three of them), 90 students (but here we used the answers of three of them) of design and 3 professionals (here we used the answers of one physician and two community health work- ers), from local health services. The analysis showed the implication of expe- rienced by the People’s Education care so to promote the health of the elderly in the empowerment perspective, promoting new attitudes in the face of situ- ations of life. It was noticed that care so developed by PEPASF contributed to the promotion of the health of the elderly followed, encompassing the dimen- sions, social, physical and subjective, inherent in the human being. By valuing aspects of the subjectivity of the elderly, the project has expanded the pros- pects for comprehensive health promotion, demonstrating significant benefits to improve the quality of life of these people, opening new horizons for the search for autonomy and empowerment, as well as the transformation unjust and exclusionary social realities.
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Status of Health Promotion Established after the Family Health Strategy

Status of Health Promotion Established after the Family Health Strategy

Finally, data were extracted by the model instrument and validated for data collec- tion [10] and then organized into two frames, where the first of them contained: pres- entation of studies, references, place of study, objective, method database. The second framework was composed of the item “health promotion” after established the FHT as- sistance model. This framework was illustrated by counting the number of times each result appeared being grouped by similarity. These groupings emerged the potential, weaknesses and challenges. These results were presented descriptively and analyzed in the literature light.
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ELAIS S.S. Health Promotion

ELAIS S.S. Health Promotion

Health management is considered as an all-embracing task. Occupational Health department specialists play an integral role in job design and work re-organisation. Health promotion is emphasised both in production methods and techniques used and in the specific health qualities of end products.

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Improving implementation of health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health.

Improving implementation of health promotion interventions for maternal and newborn health.

In this series we examine individual health promotion interventions, yet, as mentioned already, programme de- signers must consider multiple strategies to simultan- eously address the factors that affect care-seeking and care practices in the home. Other authors have grappled with how best to ensure implementation of complex in- terventions is ‘as right as feasibly possible’ in real-world conditions [20], and some suggest that for interventions that are unsuccessful, research-based evidence should help determine whether “the intervention was inherently faulty (that is, failure of intervention concept or theory), or just badly delivered (failure of implementation)” [21]. We were unable to make these assessments based on the papers in this series. Nevertheless, the papers propose that interventions may often not achieve their desired objectives because of lack of attention to import- ant issues at the design and implementation stages and because of failure to engage with intended beneficiaries and the wider community. With robust formative re- search, including careful consideration of the contextual factors highlighted in this series, programmes will be better able to implement interventions that improve ac- cess to and use of skilled care, during pregnancy, child- birth, and after birth. A participatory approach that encourages dialogue between different actors including women, men, community members and health providers appears to be an important feature for success.
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Health Promotion for Older People Performed in Health Sector

Health Promotion for Older People Performed in Health Sector

Expert for Holland indicated the Regional Public Health Centers (GGDs), Centrum Gezonde Leven and health/ public health professionals. GGDs are involved in different activities focused on prevention of infectious diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, vaccination programs, environmental health and many others, including also community health prevention activities related to the elderly (wpg). The Centrum Gezonde Leven (CGD) activities are connected to HP and prevention. CGd acts within the structure of the Dutch National Institute for Public Health (RIVM), focuses on the effective local HP activities. The questionnaire responses indicated also HS professionals: a) physiotherapist, dieticians & mental health practitioners; b) general practitioners (GP’s). On the basis of Dutch law, municipalities (gemeente) are responsible for HP and prevention activities (the idea of HPA understood as a community interest sphere). The Dutch Association of Mental Health and Addiction Care (GGZ) was also included into HS. CGD is responsible for education of elderly, developing, support and realization of HP and HP4OP (prevention of depression, loneliness, promotion of active movements, accidents and fall prevention, healthy nutrition, monitoring health status). In the Netherlands the right of elderly to health promotion is being underlined,
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Health Promotion: A Critical Salutogenic Science

Health Promotion: A Critical Salutogenic Science

Well established health promotion concepts include a commitment to social justice and equity, holistic and ecological conceptions of health, addressing the complexity of individual level and environmental determinants of health, the empowerment and participation of people (International Union for Health Promotion and Education, 2007; Porter, 2006; Tremblay & Richard, 2011), a salutogenic approach (Antonovsky, 1996; Robison, 2004; Robison & Carrier, 2004) and evidence-based practice (Hulme-Chambers & Walker, 2012; Lin & Fawkes, 2007; McQueen, 2001; Nutbeam, 1996, 1999; Raphael, 2000; Rychetnik & Wise, 2004). These concepts align with concepts of other critical science disciplines. However, there is some criticism within the health promotion field that health promotion still needs to establish its theoretical foundations to achieve its purported goals and aspirations (Antonovsky, 1996; Buchanan, 2006; Eriksson & Lindstrom, 2008; Lowe, 2002; Lundy, 2010; Raphael, 2000; Tremblay & Richard, 2011). Authors of this paper posit that to strengthen the discipline’s theoretical foundations, greater attention to the realisation of the underlying critical and strength-based concepts, or values and principles (Gregg & O'Hara, 2007a) of global strategic health promotion policies and charters is necessary. They also assert the need to learn from other disciplines that have chartered similar waters, for example, critical social science.
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Health Promotion: Evaluation, discourse and
practice

Health Promotion: Evaluation, discourse and practice

Health Promotion: Evaluation, discourse and practice Introduction This dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Psychology Health presents three pieces of Interventions Used Psychologica[r]

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A framework for evaluating health promotion programs

A framework for evaluating health promotion programs

attempt a small-scale process evaluation, or audit, of the participants’ perspectives of the project. This may be preferable to no evaluation at all, for at the very least, practitioners will want to know if the intervention had any negative consequences for the participants. If you can only manage a limited evaluation, then practitioners need to ensure that core aspects are evaluated, and recognise that the results are unlikely to be generalisable to other settings. Because most funded health promotion projects are usually short, process, or impact evaluations are more realistic for health promotion practitioners, than outcome evaluations. 12
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Ethics in health promotion--reflections in practice

Ethics in health promotion--reflections in practice

The topic of ethical practice in health promotion demands a critical analysis that includes the historical, social and political perspectives that underpin ethics; and the often incompatible, imprecise and rarely debated ethical principles that underlie health promotion practice, 2,3 and pose dilemmas in practice. 4 For example, there is tension between ecological approaches to health promotion and those that focus on an individual’s lifestyle ‘choices’. Furthermore, health promotion ends are largely sought after as if they are an unequivocal ‘good’. 1 The need for such debates is growing 1,2,5-7 as the ethical foundation of public health has been assumed rather than clearly identified 8,9 .
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A Health Promotion Perspective On Transitioning Into Retirement

A Health Promotion Perspective On Transitioning Into Retirement

Health promotion is a broad concept that includes the physical, mental, and social well- being whereby individuals must have the necessary level of power in order to identify and realize a positive insight that focuses on the dimensions of social and personal health (WHO, 1986). The process of enabling, and what is seen as enabling, is shaped by the paradigm and construct of health used in research and/or practice. Major health promotion paradigms are identified as interpersonal, social, and behavioural and each model is associated with particular definitions and theories, which in turn, guide the values and goals that are incorporated into a research process (Goetzel et al., 2011). In the 2010 an evidence-informed framework was developed on the implementation of patient-centred health risk assessment (HRA) tools for providers, policymakers, health plans, payers, researchers, and consumers (Goetzel et al., 2011). These improved health outcome measures identified patients’ variable health risks and provided follow-up behavior changes and interventions that could be implemented over time. As well, research has considered subjective assessment tools such as self-report health surveys to be a significant link between disease severity and quality of life health outcomes (Bayliss, Ellis, & Steiner, 2005).
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Should health promotion be on the pain agenda?

Should health promotion be on the pain agenda?

medications as part of their core obligations under the right to health; failure to take reasonable steps to ensure that people who suffer pain have access to adequate pain treatment may result in the violation of the obligation to protect against cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment” [18]p1. Moreover, the politicized nature of health promotion is about “representing marginalized populations, advocating equity, giving voice to the powerless and educating people in civic rights, democracy and politics, that is, in citizenship. In this respect, health promotion represents a humanist discourse aimed at creating a more equal and just society” [19]: p608).
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Predictors of Cardiovascular Health Promotion

Predictors of Cardiovascular Health Promotion

With the increasing number of Mexican Americans in our population, culturally competent care to diverse groups of people is critical and informed through new research. Existing research affirms these women are underserved and under-researched with poor resources, knowledge deficits, disadvantaged living conditions, and marginalization experiences that lead to alarming cardiovascular risk (R. C. Becker, 2005; Christian, et al., 2007; Gierach, et al., 2006). A younger Hispanic subgroup that is expected to grow exponentially as a proportion of the total US population, Mexican-American women are in a position to greatly benefit from new research (Office of Minority Health, [OMH], 2006; Therrien & Ramirez, 2000). Health promotion research, however, in this subgroup is limited, making it a priority area. Future development of sex-specific and culturally sensitive strategies to promote heart-healthy lifestyles in this growing cohort of women is anticipated to effectively eliminate health disparities associated with CHD (Allen & Szanton, 2005; Lerman & Sopko, 2006). Study results can then inform nurse scientists and clinicians, as well as healthcare administrators and public policymakers.
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