(Malaysia at 50: Achievements and Aspirations) For a modernsociety to achieve an outstanding status, the behavior and attitude of its people need to be at a remarkable level. Still, behavioral modification is a difficult area to pursue. Malaysia is regarded as one of the countries that is lacking social politeness when dealing with mass public. Most Malaysian will probably disagree with a statement especially when it came from a survey done by Reader Digest Global Courtesy Test in June 2006. Malaysia was at number 33 out of 35 countries being surveyed. However, it actually makes us realized that we are not creating the right image for a modernsociety.
The history of Africa spanned through the cultural development of man and his environment from the earliest times to the Iron Age period. In African history, this period has often been described as pre-history or proto- history. It covers the period when the earliest creature identified as man came into existence and his efforts since then to master and to relate to his environment. This early creature utilized stone tools, became a hunter, wonderer, gatherer and gradually learnt to domesticate animals. He achieved a settle life and domesticated crops. Each of these achievements resulted to revolutionary changes in his life. He embarked on the organization of social life and due to that, communities came into existence. His discovery, invention, mastery and use of iron technology transformed not only the man himself but also his environment. As a result of these changes, great civilization emerged. The early man developed through different stages, these are the Stone Age, domestication of animals and crops, the evolution of settled communities and the use of Iron. The development and progress of modernsociety through this early creature in Africa and how he made these achievements constitute the discourse of this paper.
arise during communication in the space of a modernsociety. It is well-known that modernsociety is multi religious. This very factor creates certain difficulties. The latter by their nature are included neither in the language category nor in the psychological category. Anyway mentioning the psychological and language aspect of the question, similar difficulties arise because people in contact can belong to various religious cultures. In this case, certain religious values and the need of their account in the process of interaction with the representatives of different religious cultures come to the fore .
The existing homicide offences have failed to adapt to the needs of a modernsociety and as a result do not achieve the right balance between the requirements of fair labelling and particularism. The common law has failed to evolve with the changed social conditions in which many homicides are committed today, leaving dangerous gaps in the imposition of criminal liability. The offences should be restructured to tackle the problems, of violence, discrimination and drugs in a modernsociety. The current division between murder and manslaughter is too simplistic and two additional tiers in the homicide hierarchy should be introduced: aggravated murder and aggravated manslaughter, so that the labels applied to the criminal conduct provide an accurate moral insight into the gravity of the offence. These aggravated homicides would enable society to deliver a proportionate response to killings that target a particular victim because of a general characteristic shared by a section of society or which target society as a whole (“general target killings”) and which cause considerable fear in our society. The common law is currently failing to convict for homicide where death results from the illicit supply of drugs (“drug homicides”) and where there is a suicide following domestic abuse (“abuse suicides”) . In order to push the criminal justice system to provide an adequate response to these crimes, new statutory homicide offences should be established.
Though the status of women in India, both historically and socially, has been one of the respect and reverence, but the hard truth is that even today, they are struggling for their own identity, shouting for diffusion of their voices and fighting for their own esteem. Every day, they cross among the fears and fraught for individuality. Despite the constitutional guarantee of equality of sexes, rampant discrimination and exploitation of women in India continues. The incidence of dowry deaths, woman sexual harassment, molestation and ill-treatment of women are on increase. It is high time now that women should get a respectable and dignified position in the Indian society. Awareness in the women as well as society should be created and their equal rights should be effectively implemented. Crimes against women should be made punishable and a In the era of globalization and with revolution in means of communication and information technology, the media role has become more crucial for women empowerment in Indian modernsociety. In modernsociety changes have been taking place in everywhere in almost every field but to protect honour of women. International Women Day is celebrated, a number of women organizations have been working for women freedom and empowerment. But all of those are external in nature as mentality is the product of society and culture. In the same family, a boy gets more liberty than a girl. Moreover, there is lack of security of girls in Indian society.
The social paradox is characterised by the fact that most people tend to discourse upon various socio-political, socio-economic, cultural, and historical arrangements of life and interactions, whether it be the economy, politics, business, society, education, upbringing, traditions and other aspects of them, in rather generalised terms, categories, and concepts. Here it is appropriate to mention a well-known aphorism by Kozma Prutkov who in his time said that "Many things are incomprehensible to us not because our comprehension is weak, but because those things are not within the frames of our comprehension."  Critical thinking is not inherent to the modernsociety as a whole. In spite of the abundance of available information, the majority of people, as a rule, do not take the trouble to analyse, comprehend, or specify the categories and concepts which they use when speculating about this or that issue unless it refers to exact and natural sciences. An enormous stream of information reports broadcast in various ways teems with terms or words which, along with their common meanings, are quite often charged with a different sense load and message. Universal values, freedom, equality, fraternity, rights, democracy, economy, economic
Literature is significant in life as it connects everyone with greater truths and incidents in a society. Literature provides a platform for people to testimony their thoughts and experiences in a way which are accessible to others, through fictionalized versions of the incidents. The literature is a medium which depicts the most about the goods and ills of the society and its study improves the knowledge among the readers about the incidents happening around them. Literature has always been with the society and in modernsociety it is with the pace in day to day life of human beings. The first encounter of literature we get from the schools through which majority of people pass. To understand the messages and themes open many ways to understand the nature of the society where literature works as the vessle.
Saṃskāras have been a central concept in the social sciences since their inception. They play a vital role in the society, for they are said to be the basis of human beings for leading a better life. It is believed that all holy books of all religions contain the values of good life. The importance of Saṃskāras is frequently cited in relation to the global and national problems, whether it be in debates in international Abstract: The present paper is an attempt to explore the importance of human and moral Saṃskāras in the global society. Human society may not significantly sustain without Saṃskāras. Hence, it is necessary to talk on the subject and bring about awareness of Saṃskāras in modernsociety. We are in the conviction that the loss of modern world is education and educator due to the deficiency in the education methods or the methods that are not responding to the needs of the age. The current era is full of controversies; one of the biggest is related with education. All these current problems are reasoning from incorrectly interpreting the needs of century. However, the solution way is hidden in the problem itself i.e. good education. Whenever the minds of young brains are not lit adequately, opinions and beliefs have met with constant dispute that followed hatred among generations and nations. Such vicious circles have reasoned from ignorance and not been educated well. The main source of solution for the future of globe lies in founding and opening schools at every corner of the world which are devoted to Saṃskāras and respectful to all humankind and opinions. With the help of these institutions and devoted educators, mobilization should be declared against ignorance, intolerance and disrespectfulness towards universal values and besides preconceived ideas should be subject to critics so as to give and acquire an innovative viewpoint in such concepts and sciences.
Rickshaw pullers of Dhaka city- Development of a new schedule cast in modernsociety a descriptive study had been carried out in four different locations within Dhaka city among the current rickshaw pullers, during the period of May to July of 2014. This was a cross sectional descriptive study. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to collect data. Pretested structured questionnaire was used to take interview. In the study it was observed that out of 120 respondents 28(23%) rickshaw pullers were satisfied with their living hood and 23(17%) were maintaining their family by providing 3 times food , separate housing, tap water, using sanitary latrine, sending their children to school etc. The living standard of the rest of 92(77%) rickshaw pullers were below average, that was their nutritional, physical, housing, sanitation, educational, psychological and other all socio-economic parameters were low and becoming worse to worst. The rickshaw pullers were always blamed for the jam and
In modernsociety the most serious problems are the destruction of traditional ethic and the breaking of family. Human beings have been maintained and developed by marriage systems, so the divorce has been considered as the anti-social phenomenon. But in these days the divorce is not the object of contempt and disdain any more, even has begun to be insisted as a necessary solution for the dignity of individuals and some Christians are hopping on the bandwagon of this current trend. Rather the fact that in Christian nations the divorce is quickly growing provokes the question that the evangelization of modernsociety is leading the divorce. The representative Christian society, North America and Europe are already beyond the divorce rate 50% and even South Korea of which the first actual religion is Christianity has had the rapid increase rate of divorce. Of course we can not say that the increase of the divorce has nothing to do with the attitude of churches. The authority of churches was weaken, the enforcement of the church discipline was reserved and churches did not take clear and unified teaching on the divorce, so that Christians are getting to the situation to take free attitude on their marriage and divorce. As Calvin pointed, the law of a nation is carried away by human ethic (hominum mores) according to flow of times but the spiritual norms which God gave request human not the possible things to do (quid possint) but the obligatory things to
The aim of the present study identified the choice of analysis methods. In the paper such research procedures, as hypothetical deductive, inductive, descriptive methods, elements of cognitive interpretation, content analysis to identify the substantive aspect of media texts; the discourse analysis, studying structure and units of discourse, the main of which is the speech act, as well as a comprehensive approach to the analysis of media texts by analogy with F. Burkhardt’s approach to the analysis of political texts (Burkhardt, 1988), consisting in studying of their semantics, pragmatics, syntactics by component, contextual and stylistic analysis are used. The methodological basis of the research is the system approach including cognitive, linguistic, pragmatical, communicative, rhetorical, linguocultural, descriptive, critical subapproaches. According to system approach any phenomenon is considered as integrity in unity of all its connections and relations. At media markers research of modernsociety it is important to proceed from methodological regulations on language and speech differentiation, on language as a cultural and historical environment, on relationship between rational and emotional in thinking, on language as an instrument of social power and influence.
Modernsociety is characterized by the active use of legal concepts in all spheres of life. In recent years, we have seen the use of such expressions as the rule of law, legal development, legal assessment, legal position, democratic values, respect for democratic principles, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms", "Democracy through the law", "Legal culture" and others. Within the framework of democratic legal orientations, the concepts of the state, power, and law are also presented. At the same time, declarations about the construction of a law-governed state are often perceived by the Ukrainian society only as a declaration. Public consciousness for a long time faced with conservatism, therefore the concept of law was not perceived as an effective regulator of social relations. Gradual change of social norms entails the transformation of the basic concepts on which the law relies. At the same time, we note that the perception of these concepts by individual and collective consciousness goes beyond the space in which they were included in the previous ideology.
It is believed that the main economic winners of the Fourth Industrial Revolution are or will be the owners of intellectual and material capital: innovators, investors, shareholders and the main losers will be the workers, due to the automation and robotization of labor. This also explains the growing material split between those who live from their own work and those who manage capital. On the other hand, important changes took place in the final phases of the third industrial revolution in the governing and sociological sphere of the structure of companies. According to the economist- sociologist Peter Drucker , in the post-industrial society of the end of the XX century, there comes to an increasingly widespread and more often separation of the ownership and management function of the company, a phenomenon characterized by the so-called managerial revolution . This is a consequence of the further strengthening of the role of share capital, where a greater number of owners lead to the need of a layer of professional managers and administrators of managing and operation of industrial enterprises. Individual owners are all the more rare, who at the same time would be both efficient and quality managers.
Even though companies are taking serious efforts for the sustained development, some critics still are questioning the concept of CSR. There are people who claim that Corporate Social Responsibility underlies some ulterior motives while others consider it as a myth. The reality is that CSR is not a tactic for brand building; however, it creates an internal brand among its employees. Indulging into activities that help society in one way or the other only adds to the goodwill of a company. Corporate Social Responsibility is the duty of everyone i.e. business corporations, governments, individuals because of the reasons: the income is earned only from the society and therefore it should be given back; thus wealth is meant for use by self and the public; the basic motive behind all types of business is to quench the hunger of the mankind as a whole; the fundamental objective of all business is only to help people. CSR cannot be an additional extra - it must run into the core of every business ‟ ethics, and its treatment of employees and customers. Thus, CSR is becoming a fast-developing and increasingly competitive field. The case for demonstrating corporate responsibility is getting stronger as expectations among key opinion formers, customers and the public are increasing. Being a good corporate citizen is increasingly crucial for commercial success and the key lies in matching public expectations and priorities, and in communicating involvement and achievements widely and effectively. Last but not the least CSR is a journey and not the destination.
excessive stress on freakish activities at the expense of morality, true love and sincerity in human relationship. In ‘Dreams are Dreams’ the writer affirms most realistically that dreams are dreams and they could collapse anytime. This is illustrated by the story that explicates how the hopes of nuptial life sometimes get shattered and that nothing in life could be taken for granted. ‘Rashmi’ is an uncanny love story wherein Arora, through his psychological observation, has successfully and convincingly proved how love, at times, is aroused even by certain negative traits which endear one to the other. To be enamoured of other’s deficiencies and weaknesses run counter to socio-cultural norms, but we know that such strange feelings are embedded in human nature and the writer tries to unearth them to give a core and elemental picture of our society. This story also echoes how ‘human warmth is more precious than moral platitudes’.
The availability of international quality indicators is highly variable, and makes the objective assessment of care difficult. The WHO has played a prominent role in addressing this gap, and recognizes three categories per- taining to the provision of care where improvement efforts may be focused: physical resources (lack of equip- ment, or equipment that is not appropriately main- tained), organizational resources (lack of performance improvement efforts), and human resources (lack of adequately trained staff ). In 2004, the WHO working group publication Guidelines for Essential Trauma Care delineated 11 core essential services as well as 260 indi- vidual items (both physical and human resources) that should be available based on the level of care from small rural clinics to tertiary centers . This publication, with its endorsement by the International Association of Trauma Surgery and Intensive Care (IATSIC), the Inter- national Trauma Anesthesia and Critical Care Society (ITACCS) and the International Society of Surgery, serves not only as a guideline for healthcare providers, but as an advocacy statement to prompt action [33,34].
Art becomes artificial, as the unadorned Adornian critique reveals: ‘[m]ass culture is unadorned make-up’ (Adorno, 1991 : 67–68). By virtue of its monopolistic artificiality, it aims at the constant monopolisation of society. As ‘consummated conflictlessness’ (ibid.: 67), art conceals the basic antagonisms of society. Art itself is translated into a decisive moment of the material reproduction of society. As a consequence, it has lost its capacity to transcend the systemic immanence of social reality, because in the empire of the culture industry it is not culture that has transcended the market but, on the contrary, the market that has transcended culture. Culture appears as the standardised and standardising appendage of the administered world. The forcing-into-line of society (die Gleichschaltung der Gesellschaft) leads to the total synchronisation of culture, equalling the factual liquidation of its normative potentiality. Standardisation is pseudo- individualisation, since it allows difference to exist only as long as it fits into the overall picture. The standardisation of culture is realised through the systemic and systematic ‘promotion and [...] exploitation of the ego- weakness to which the powerless members of contemporary society, with its concentration of power, are condemned’ (Adorno, 1991 : 91). The subtle totalitarianism of a standardised society degrades culture to a reliable vehicle of standardised domination.
Even though this exalted view of marriage is based on Old Testament texts and even though Malachi stated that God hates divorce, the Hebrew Scriptures also know the reality of divorce. The Old Testament teaching on divorce is surprisingly varied. Exodus 21:7-11 and Deuteronomy 21:10-14 permit divorce to protect the wife. Deuteronomy 22:19 and 29 prohibit divorce to protect the wife. Clearly in these texts—as dangerous as it sounds—the under- lying theology of caring for persons has precedence over marriage laws. These texts also assume that the wife is the one most likely to be abused. However, these texts cannot be viewed as license for divorce. They reflect the pain and grief of life and seek to regulate the level of injustice in an ancient society.
As our society inventing new technology day by day, where virtual reality is a technology which changed whole world , this technology not only develop as individual technology but also it helping other technology to develop in totally different way, purpose of this paper is to give introduction to application of virtual reality with different technology. These technologies not only changing the way of work in different fields but also changing the way of living of human being. These technologies are minimizing the distance, as well as saving the time. Use of robotics making it more easier and error free environment.