Percentage of Ever Married Women who Completed

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Determinants of overweight or obesity among ever-married adult women in Bangladesh

Determinants of overweight or obesity among ever-married adult women in Bangladesh

Our analysis was limited to women aged 18 – 49 years, as in Bangladesh, ever-married adult women are considered from the age of 18 years and BDHS 2011 did not collect in- formation of women aged above 49 years. BMI was defined as weight in kg divided by height in meter squared (kg/m 2 ). According to the WHO definition, a BMI of <25 kg/m 2 was not considered to be overweight or obesity while a BMI of ≥25 kg/m 2 was considered to be overweight and obesity. In our study, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was considered the primary outcome of interest (dependent variable). We used 14 predictor variables, such as type of residence (rural and urban), administrative division (Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Barisal, Rangpur, and Sylhet), number of household members (cate- gorized as 1–2, 3–4, and ≥5), wealth index (poorest, poorer, middle, richer, and richest), status of food security of house- holds [categorized as food secure (according to BDHS 2011, ever-married women who reported that they did not experience any food insecurity, i.e., lack of access, or had to worry about food were considered as belong- ing to food- secure households [10]) and food inse- cure], status of contraceptive use (never user, current user, and past user), menopausal status (not menopause and menopause), number of living children (categorized as 0 ref. , 1–2, 3–4, and ≥5), current marital status (mar- ried/living with husband, and widowed/divorce/sepa- rated), educational status (no education, primary completed, secondary completed, higher secondary completed or more), occupation (jobs that required manual labor, jobs that required mostly sitting, and un- employed/housewife), age in years (categorized as 18– 22, 23–27, 28–32, 33–37, 38–42, and ≥43), and watching TV at least once a week (yes and no). The SPSS software (version 20), STATA (version 16), and R (version 3 · 0 · 0) were used for analyzing data.
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Contraceptive practices: an experience from ever married women in a city of Maharashtra, India

Contraceptive practices: an experience from ever married women in a city of Maharashtra, India

In study conducted by Bhasni SK, 15 Chandhik N, 13 and Murarkar Sujata K 3 most common reason behind not accepting contraceptive was desire to have children as family not completed followed by fear of side effect similar to present study. Mishra Vinod K 16 found health method related problem and failure (37.8%) followed by desire of children (28.9%) as commonest reason behind not using contraceptive.

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: Track percentage of CCSD students who apply to UNLV and percentage of accepted students who matriculate.

: Track percentage of CCSD students who apply to UNLV and percentage of accepted students who matriculate.

1. Nearly completed the entire campus-wide GEM plan. Final version will be done by the end of the semester. 2. Developed a projections model showing enrollment to graduation figures. This will help us assess the likelihood of meeting certain graduation targets based on given enrollment.

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Labor Participation of Married Women in Colombia

Labor Participation of Married Women in Colombia

Figure 4 shows the behavior of both the participation rate and the number of years of education. The left vertical axis measures the years of education while the right axis measures the participation rate. Thus, we can observe that, up to a scale, there is a similarity in the move- ments of the two variables; even more, the peak of education is reached about two years before the peak of participation rate; after that, both variables start to decline with age. Figure 5 presents the relationship of the participation rate and education. It seems clear that participation increases along with the years of education; however, it also seems that two types of women co-exist with education between 4.5 and 8.5 years: one type that participates, on average, more than 12 percentage points than the other type. This difference is evident between women with 6.5 and 8.5 years of education. The level of wealth is a plausible candidate to explain such a nonlinear behavior.
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Essays on Married Women Labor Supply

Essays on Married Women Labor Supply

that there are two types of individuals. For one type, career women can grasp a professional set of skills and networking in order to return after the childbearing period, while for another type, non-career type women would like to be housewives. Changes in labor force participation rate across cohorts are driven by shifts in the composition of married women with preschool-aged children, while it is possible that changes are motivated by changes in average behavior. The women’s attitude about the female’s career role in the family is the key variable to influence the women’s employment preference. My results show that the rising of the percentage of career women can explain 30.33% of the growth across cohorts. Among the unexplained changes, the change in the composition of career motivating career type women can at least explain 51.2%. That means it can at least explain 17.22% growth in the labor force participation rate across cohorts.
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Three essays on young married women in Egypt

Three essays on young married women in Egypt

About one-quarter of the interviewed females have previously been enrolled in a nursery or a preschool at some point during their earlier years. Around two-thirds of the females who have ever enrolled in nursery/ preschool reside in urban areas. Close to one- fifth (18%) of females previously enrolled in nursery/preschool are active members of the labour market and more than 40% of them have completed post-secondary or university education (as opposed to 14% for the females not enrolled in pre education). This gives an impression that the families willing to send their daughters to nursery/preschool at a young age are the same ones willing to accept their daughter’s participation in the labour market and achieving higher levels of education. A negative significant correlation and a Chi-squared value of 1.2 suggest a lack of a statistical relationship between nursery enrolment and the marriage outcome. On the other hand, a positive significant (at the 1% level) correlation and a Chi-squared value of 447.9 shows the strong statistical
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Knowledge and Attitude Towards Intimate Partner Violence Among Ever-Married Women

Knowledge and Attitude Towards Intimate Partner Violence Among Ever-Married Women

cluster correlation coefficient of 0.05 (Abramsky et al., 2011). The final sample size was increased to 700 by adding 10% for non-response or non-participation errors and to include 35 clusters with 20 participants each. The multistage cluster sampling technique comprised of random and systematic sampling methods was used to select the participants. Primary sampling units were the randomly selected ten public health midwife (PHM) areas. The second stage was the selection of 35 villages within chosen PHM areas as clusters, where a number of clusters within a PHM area was decided based on probability proportional to size. Finally, 20 participants satisfying the eligibility criteria were randomly selected within each cluster. Initially, the study instrument was developed by the Principal Investigator using the existing literature. The questions on IPV attitudes were developed considering the studies reported in the Sri Lankan context (Jayasuriya, Wijewardena, & Axemo, 2011; A. Jayatilleke et al., 2011). The prevalence questions were adapted from the questionnaire on multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women conducted by the WHO (Ellsberg & Heise, 2005). The clarity of questions and adapting to the specific context was improved with the inputs of health, medical and IPV experts, comments of field health staff and community members. The study instruments were translated to local languages i.e. Sinhala and Tamil and pretested in a different MOH area in the same district which represented a similar ethnic and socio-economic characteristic to the study area. Four research assistants were recruited and trained for data collection. The training aimed at six aspects: improving understanding of IPV; validity of data collection; safeguarding the confidentiality and privacy, respecting the autonomy of every individual; safety measures for both interviewee and interviewer; ethics and practice on field data collection and field sessions on conducting study protocols (Campbell et al., 2002; Ellsberg & Heise, 2005). During data collection research assistants were randomly checked at least once during two weeks to maintain uniformity of questioning and to avoid information bias.
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Depression, its Correlates and Effects in Ever Married Urban Women Residing in Kumaon Region of Uttarakhand

Depression, its Correlates and Effects in Ever Married Urban Women Residing in Kumaon Region of Uttarakhand

* Pucca: all structure built with bricks and concrete **Kuchha/Semipucca: walls and/or roof and/or floor-not made of concrete In [Table/Fig-2] unadjusted odds ratio demonstrates depression to be less prevalent in women of higher age group but the results were not significant. Women with age difference of more than ten years with their husbands were found to be more depressed. Occurrence of depression decreased significantly with increase in the level of education of both the women and her husband. Women of faith other than Hindus were significantly more depressed. Also, the burden of depression among women staying in semi-pucca or kuchha house and the ones who were widowed or separated was significantly high.
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Under Weightiness among Ever married Non pregnant Women in Bangladesh: A Population Based Study

Under Weightiness among Ever married Non pregnant Women in Bangladesh: A Population Based Study

marital status may not be married. The data are presented in the numerator of each ratio is the sum of the number of persons who are currently married and those who are either divorced, widowed or separated. The denominator is the total number of persons in the corresponding age group. The number of women with unknown marital status is excluded from both numerator and denominator, implying that they are assumed to have the same distribution by marital status as the population that reported that status. The BDHS 2011 measured the height and weight of 17,640 ever-married women of reproductive age (15-49 years) from the total 17,842 interviewed women. For analytical purposes, the data was restricted to ever-married women, who were not pregnant at the time of survey. So, pregnant women were excluded because anthropometric measurements, like body weight, increase rapidly during the pregnancy and indicate both nutritional status of the women and growth of the foetuses, and reduce the specificity of the indicator. Women with unusual BMI values (BMI<12.0 kg/m 2 and BMI>50 kg/m 2 ) and women with missing information on any covariates were also excluded from the analysis. After excluding pregnant women, women with unusual BMI values, women aged less than 15 years, and women with missing information on the outcome variables and covariates, the final sample size become 16,206.
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Prevalence and determinants of menstrual regulation among ever-married women in Bangladesh: evidence from a national survey

Prevalence and determinants of menstrual regulation among ever-married women in Bangladesh: evidence from a national survey

Despite the remarkable reduction of maternal mortality, the incidence of abortion and proportion of abortion-re- lated maternal deaths has increased from 2010 to 2016 in Bangladesh. Since abortion is illegal in Bangladesh except to save woman ’ s live, unsafe and untimely MR remains a major maternal health problem. To better understand this context, in this study we assessed the prevalence and identified factors associated with MR among ever-married women in Bangladesh using data from BDHS 2014. 8084 ever-married women aged 15 – 49 years were asked whether they have ever used MR service. This question was asked women who had ever heard about MR.
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Prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia & cervical carcinoma in ever married women in rural area of a district in Haryana

Prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia & cervical carcinoma in ever married women in rural area of a district in Haryana

allowable error at 95% confidence level, the calculated sample size was 1330. Data collection: From the study area, three sub-centers (total population 138 69) were chosen randomly using draw method. The women aged 30-59 years, residing in the study area for more than 6months were enumerated to be 1615, using survey registers of sub-center and anganwadi centers. A survey of all the households was carried out and all the eligible women were contacted and purpose of the study was explained. Those who consented for participation in the study were interviewed using a semi-structured pre-tested questionnaire for socio-demographic and reproductive variables. Active support of the health workers and anganwadi workers of the respective areas, and interns posted at General Hospital Beri was taken. At least three revisits were paid to contact the absentees. Health Education about reproductive hygiene, prevention, early detection, and treatment of cervical cancer was imparted to all the available women.
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Determinant factors of tobacco use among ever-married men in Bangladesh

Determinant factors of tobacco use among ever-married men in Bangladesh

Methods Sources of data The study used a nationally representative set of cross- sectional data extracted from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2007. 22 BDHS is a periodic survey conducted in Bangladesh to serve as a source of population and health data for policymakers, program managers, and the research community. The survey was conducted under the authority of the National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), Bangladesh. The BDHS 2007 was the fifth national Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) conducted in Bangladesh. Previously, BDHS was conducted in 1993–1994, 1996–1997, 1999–2000, and 2003–2004. The sixth national BDHS has already been conducted in 2011–2012. However, in the latest survey, BDHS 2011 did not include data regarding tobacco use. BDHS 2007 was designed to produce represen- tative results for the country as a whole, for urban and rural areas separately, and for each of the six administrative divi- sions of the country. All ever-married women 10–49 years of age and ever-married men 15–54 years of age who were the usual members of the selected households and those who spent the last night before the survey in the selected households were eligible to be interviewed in the survey. The details of the sampling survey design, survey instruments, and quality control are reported elsewhere. 22 However, a brief description is provided in the following subsections.
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Double burden of malnutrition among ever-married women in Bangladesh: a pooled analysis

Double burden of malnutrition among ever-married women in Bangladesh: a pooled analysis

This study has several strengths. Firstly, the data used in this study were extracted from large nationally repre- sentative surveys conducted at several time points. Sec- ondly, the response rate among all eligible women was excellent (92 to 97.9%) in all four surveys. Thirdly, an- thropometric data (height and weight) were collected by trained personnel using same measurement equipment which made possible to compare data at different time points. There are also several limitations that need to be considered in future studies. Datasets lacked some im- portant determinants of the dependent variable such as food habit, physical activity of women which could have helped to understand the relationship between selected independent variable and BMI. The surveys did not col- lect data on abdominal and waist-to hip circumference which could have explained abdominal obesity. Con- founding effect has not been checked for the multi- nomial logistic regression analysis of this study.
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Socioeconomic correlates of overweight and obesity among ever-married urban women in Bangladesh

Socioeconomic correlates of overweight and obesity among ever-married urban women in Bangladesh

Strengths and limitations The high prevalence of overweight and obesity among urban women is a great challenge for public health glo- bally, including in Bangladesh. This study analyzed a na- tionally representative large cross-sectional dataset from Bangladesh, and aims to contribute to understandings of the issue that will lead to appropriate strategies to over- come the challenge. There are several limitations that should be given consideration for further studies. First, it is not possible to check causality of association by cross- sectional data. Second, The World Health Organization and the Global Nutritional Community have separately set different cut-off points for BMI classification which may cause variation in categorization of an individual body mass index. Third, an asset-based proxy indicator- “wealth index” is used for understanding household economic sta- tus which does not provide unique results those obtained from income or expenditure. Fourth, due to the huge num- ber of missing values in the dataset we had to extract only 1701 observations from the Women’s questionnaire on the basis of several selected socioeconomic indicators respon- sible for the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Lastly, controlling potential confounders such as energy intake, smoking, physical activity, body composition, and visceral adiposity were not addressed in the regression estimation as BDHS usually do not collect detailed health data on the above mentioned variables. The influence of any of these confounding variables might lead to inaccurate results. Conclusions
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The lived experience of married women who place their husbands into a nursing home

The lived experience of married women who place their husbands into a nursing home

thus said to be experienced when the family is both excluded and included in the.. The lived experience of married women who place their husbands into a nursing home.. institutionalised [r]

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Although the percentage of women in the. Women in Design

Although the percentage of women in the. Women in Design

Women are making inroads into the hitherto male dominated automotive industry. Tata Review meets six women designers, from Tata Motors Ltd’s (TML) global design studios, who are calling the shots in the colours, materials and finish (CMF) segment with their creative and innovative flair

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Influence of Gender Role Attitude, Quality of Alternatives, Investment Size, and Commitment on Marital Satisfaction between Thai Women Who Married Thai Men and Thai Women Who Married Foreign Men

Influence of Gender Role Attitude, Quality of Alternatives, Investment Size, and Commitment on Marital Satisfaction between Thai Women Who Married Thai Men and Thai Women Who Married Foreign Men

The 15-item Attitudes toward Women Scale (AWS-15) was developed by Spence and Helmreich (1972). With the AWS-15, the respondent’s gender role beliefs were assigned to one of two categories, either ‘traditional’ or ‘egalitarian’, as determined by their score. The original Attitudes toward Women Scale (AWS) consisted of 55 items on a four-point Likert scale, designed to measure attitudes toward women’s behavior, rights, and overt sexism. Creators Spence and Helmreich (1972) modified the scale into two shorter forms, the AWS-25 and the AWS-15. The AWS-15, which was the short form used in this study, consists of 15 statements to which the respondent selects a response based on a four-point Likert scale where A = Agree strongly, B = Agree mildly, C= Disagree mildly, and D = Disagree strongly. Examples of statements include: “A woman should be as free as a man to propose marriage;” “Sons in a family should be given more encouragement to go to college than daughters;” and “Swearing and obscenity are more repulsive in the speech of a woman than a man.” Each response is scored from 0 to 3, with a score of 0 being given to responses reflecting traditional views of gender roles. The most contemporary gender role responses were given scores of 3. Scores on the AWS-15 scale range from 0 to 45 from traditional to contemporary views. In scoring items, A=0, B=1, C=2, D=3 except for items 2, 3, 4, 6, 10, 11, and 14 where the scale is reversed. A high score indicates an egalitarian attitude, while a low score indicates a traditional attitude towards gender role. AWS-15 was chosen for this study because it is more convenient yet highly correlated with the full test (Spence &
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Who can ever understand?

Who can ever understand?

Who should you talk to? If you want to talk, who is the best person to talk to? Well, the first part of the answer is: who did you speak to about your biggest worries before this? If there is someone in whom you’ve always confided your most serious worries or problems, then of course that person should be on the top of your list now. Not everyone has a soulmate. Ask yourself this question: Who is the person that I could imagine would make me feel most comfortable talking about difficult problems? It might be anyone. For example, your spouse or partner, your closest friend, your mother, sister, brother or religious leader. It may even be somebody you quite like but haven’t until now been on close terms with.
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MARRIED WOMEN S PROPERTY ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS MARRIED WOMEN S PROPERTY [CH MARRIED WOMEN S PROPERTY CHAPTER 129 SECTION

MARRIED WOMEN S PROPERTY ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS MARRIED WOMEN S PROPERTY [CH MARRIED WOMEN S PROPERTY CHAPTER 129 SECTION

MARRIED WOMEN’S PROPERTY [CH.129 – 7 ––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– [Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS marriage as aforesaid, if the plaintiff in the action shall seek to establish his claim, either wholly or in part, against both of them; and if in any such action, or in any action brought in respect of any such debt or liability against the husband alone, it is not found that the husband is liable in respect of any property of the wife so acquired by him or to which he shall have become so entitled as aforesaid, he shall have judgment for his costs of defence, whatever may be the result of the action against the wife if jointly sued with him; and in any such action against husband and wife jointly, if it appears that the husband is liable for the debt or damages recovered, or any part thereof, the judgment to the extent of the amount for which the husband is liable shall be a joint judgment against the husband personally and against the wife as to her separate property; and as to the residue, if any, of such debt and damages, the judgment shall be a separate judgment against the wife as to her separate property only.
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Married Women are Easier To Seduce.pdf

Married Women are Easier To Seduce.pdf

Many guys think that their woman would never in a million years cheat on him, but yet it happens all of the time. It is simply not cool to delude yourself. The argument that only women that are ready to get out of their relationships are the ones that cheat can be proven false by watching the show Cheaters. On that show you will notice that half of the time the women caught cheating is begging for forgiveness. In other words, she does not want to leave the guy she just cheated on. In other words she expresses to him that she loves him.

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