School going adolescents

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Prevalence of hypertension in urban school going adolescents of Bangalore, India

Prevalence of hypertension in urban school going adolescents of Bangalore, India

Background: Systemic hypertension is an important condition in childhood, with estimated population prevalence of 1-2% in the developed countries. Nutritional surveys in USA shows a significant secular increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The prevalence may be high in south India, because of increased genetic inheritance and also due to altered dietary habits and life style. Therefore, the present study was undertaken. The aim and objectives of the study was to study the prevalence of hypertension and associated risk factors in school going adolescents of urban Bangalore, India.
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Suicidal ideation and associated factors among school going adolescents in rural Uganda

Suicidal ideation and associated factors among school going adolescents in rural Uganda

Our study has several limitations. We did not collect data on other factors that may have effect on suicidality. For instance evidence reported in a meta-analysis by Bridge et al suggest that antidepressant drugs may be associated with suicidality [23]. Other studies have also demon- strated that psychiatric co-morbidity is an important prox- imal determinant of suicidal behaviors [24-26]. These other factors were not assessed largely because we used secondary data. The study also recruited participants from school-going adolescents. To the extent that school-going adolescents are different in their prevalence and factors associated with suicidal ideation, our study may not be representative of all adolescents in rural Uganda. It is also important to recognize that not all suicidal ideation will result in suicide attempt or suicide [21]. However, adoles- cents who have suicidal thoughts are more likely to attempt or commit suicidal compared to those without the thoughts. Brezo et al have reported that correlates of suicide attempts in suicidal ideators may vary as a func- tion of the persistence of suicidal ideas and gender [22]. Among Canadian-French study participants, these authors found that persistent suicidal ideas, Axis I psychopathol- ogy, female gender and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) were the most consistent correlates of suicide attempts. Externalizing disorders were more important among males.
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Bullying and truancy: Predictors to sexual practices among school going adolescents in Malaysia – a cross sectional study

Bullying and truancy: Predictors to sexual practices among school going adolescents in Malaysia – a cross sectional study

The findings of this study showed that school-going adolescents’ involvement in sexual practices constituted one- third of the respondents who participated in this study. The prevalence was 30.1% which was slightly higher compared to previous studies, most likely due to sexual practices in this study were not only specified to one sexual practice but was defined as undertaking at least one out of three methods of sexual practices, namely watching and reading pornography, pre-sexual activities and pre-marital sex. Nevertheless, when taking into consideration on only pre- marital sexual intercourse among respondents, only 2.9% of these adolescents were involved in such practice. This was relatively low when compared to other local studies done in other states in Malaysia such as Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Penang. 8,9,15 In comparison to other global studies 4,10,16,17
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Association of Truancy and Health Risk Behaviours among School Going Adolescents in Malaysia

Association of Truancy and Health Risk Behaviours among School Going Adolescents in Malaysia

Truancy was defined as missing at least one day of class or school without per- mission in the past 30 days. Locality was categorized as urban and rural based on Department of Statistical Malaysia. Respondents were divided into two groups: 13 - 15 years old (n = 8229) and 16 - 17 years old (n = 4906). For ethnicity, Bu- miputera Sabah and Bumiputera Sarawak refer to Sabahan and Sarawakian re- spectively. Others are those who do not belong to the above ethnic groups in- cluding aborigines (orang asli and foreigners) Marital status of parent was cate- gorised into living together and living apart. Ever drug user was defined as school-going adolescents who had history of drug use in their lifetime. Current cigarette smoker refers to school going adolescent who smoked manufactured cigarette, rolled-your-own, or traditional hand roll cigarette in the past 30 days. While for being bullied, was referred to when a student or group of students were being attacked by other students in the past 30 days.
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Prevalence of Physical Abuse Among School Going Adolescents In Belagavi.Apilot Study

Prevalence of Physical Abuse Among School Going Adolescents In Belagavi.Apilot Study

(Table-5) presents association between socio demographic characteristics with prevalence of abuse by Guardian/family, friends, neighbors. The present study found significant association with mother education, socioeconomic status with physical abuse being family as a perpetrator among school going adolescents (p=<0.05),and also found significant association with type of family education status of mother, and number of siblings with physical abuse being friend as perpetrator among adolescents (p=<0.05), the previous studies reported greater prevalence in younger children aged 5–12 years and those belonging to nuclear families. Present study reported that Physical abuse more in 11 to 12 years adolescent girls from families of low socioeconomic status, whereas Deb and Modak 11 reported it more in adolescents from high-income families.
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RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESSORS WITH EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS

RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESSORS WITH EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS

Every adolescent needs a caring and conducive environment to grow in to a potentially healthy human being in every perspective. Family, neighborhood, school and the society altogether play a vital role in contributing to the maximum growth and development of an individual. Healthy adulthood depends upon successful resolution of the emotional and behavioral problems. The aim of this pilot study to assess the prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems and its relationship with psychosocial stressors of school going adolescents the study conducted at Govt. Higher secondary school for boys and girls at Guduvancheri in Kanchipuram District, Chennai. Quantitative explorative - analytical survey design was used. The data was collected from 8 th to 12 th standard students’ age between 13-17 years. The stratified random sampling technique was used to collect data from 100 samples with CBCL YSR 11-18year and adolescent life event stressors scale (ALESS)-40 items. The result revealed that in comparing the CBCL score between the male and female adolescents having significant difference in rule breaking behaviour p<0.003 and thought problems p<0.001. Karl Pearson correlation analysis revealed that positive relationship between Life event stressors and emotional and behavioural problems.
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Vitamin A Deficiency among School Going Adolescents in Rural Areas of Bareilly

Vitamin A Deficiency among School Going Adolescents in Rural Areas of Bareilly

However, very few studies on VAD have also included school going adolescents (10-19 years) apart from preschool and school children. [4] With this background the study was undertaken amongst school going adolescents aged between 10-19 years in rural areas of Bareilly district, to find out the prevalence of VAD by the presence of bitot’s spot and conjunctival xerosis and to identify the associated factors and to suggest the suitable measures to prevent VAD among them.

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Impact of Maltreatment: Psychosocial Experience of Parentless School Going Adolescents

Impact of Maltreatment: Psychosocial Experience of Parentless School Going Adolescents

______________________________________________________________________________________________________ The present study examines the impact of maltreatment among the Parentless School Going Adolescents (PSGAs) and their psychosocial experiences in Northern Provence in Sri Lanka. Prevalence of PSGAs’ exposure to maltreatment can be understood considering the size of PSGAs exposed and their experiences, how exposure impacts PSGAs psychosocial development, factors that increase risk or provide protection against the negative effects of exposure, and the types of interventions that can be implemented to mitigate harmful effects. Participants (PSGAs) were recruited from two districts; namely Kilinochchi and Mullaithivu. Participants with recent experiences and had psychosocial distress were examined. 30 cases {[Female=18 (60%), Male=12 (40%)] and [Mean Age=14.7, SD=1.9]}, were recruited using purposive sampling techniques. An exploratory approach was adopted and semi-structured interview was conducted as the present study aims to have an in- depth understanding on various elements of maltreatment experiences. The questions were mostly open-ended and were intended to be used as a guide to explore or capture as much as possible the PSGAs’ thoughts and feelings about his/her experiences. Content analysis was used to identify common themes related to the objective. Twenty two cases (73.3%) were subject to maltreatment by care takers and their family members. The three most frequent types of relationships to the PSGAs were grandparents (9 cases), uncle (6 cases), and aunty (2 cases). Others included cousin (3), and brother-in-law (2). Maltreated by other people occurred in 21 cases (70 %). This included neighbor (7 cases), total stranger (4), friend’s parents (4), friend (2), teacher (2), priest (1) and servant (1). Many PSGAs faced with multiple maltreatment. Maltreatment occurs on the background of caretaker’s dysfunction and sociocultural factors. The findings underscore the need of providing support for caretakers so they can provide better care of PSGAs. Psychosocial intervention should be individualized to meet the needs of each PSGA. Further research is needed to clarify the issues of risk and protective factors in the post-war context in Northern Provence.
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A Probe into the Effect of Academic Motivation on Development of Life Satisfaction of the School Going Adolescents

A Probe into the Effect of Academic Motivation on Development of Life Satisfaction of the School Going Adolescents

ABSTRACT: The present study was carried out through descriptive survey method within ex-post-facto research design. To collect the data “Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ)” and “Multidimensional Students Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS)” were administered on a random sample of 51 male and 64 female school-going adolescents. A “Multiple Regression Analysis” was done by considering “Life Satisfaction” as dependent variable and “Academic Motivation Facets” as independent variables; then a multiple regression equation was framed from the result. From the regression equation, it was observed that only test anxiety contributed negatively and intrinsic value put null effect on development of life satisfaction; whereas all other three facets of academic motivation had their positive effect here. Emotional imbalance, anxiety proneness, and high aspiration as well as achievement anxiety, and fantastic day dreaming may be detrimental to life satisfaction.
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STUDY OF PUNCTUALITY AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS IN  RELATION TO THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT

STUDY OF PUNCTUALITY AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT

 Results of the study revealed that significant relationship was found between punctuality and home environment among adolescents. It means punctuality and home environment are significantly correlated. Urban adolescents are more punctual as compare to rural school going adolescents. No significant difference was found among rural and urban adolescents as well as among boys and girls on the variable of Home Environment. The results of the study were supported by Campbell et al (2010), Bicard and David (2012) and Pinto et al (2013). These results will be helpful to the School Principals, Teachers, and Parents to solve the problems of adolescents. These results will help the teachers to make students punctual and responsible. This study is also beneficial for policy makers so that appropriate curriculum may be designed for the harmonious development of school going adolescents.
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ATTITUDES TOWARD PHYSICAL EDUCATION OF SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS IN WEST BENGAL

ATTITUDES TOWARD PHYSICAL EDUCATION OF SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS IN WEST BENGAL

In the present study, West Bengal’s school going adolescents’ attitudes toward physical education were determined and it was analyzed whether it differs according to gender and geographical location wise. The findings showed that as a whole, the attitude towards physical education of the school going adolescents of our state was positive. Both male and female adolescents had positive attitudes towards physical education. Participation in physical exercises and sports requires strong attitudes toward physical activities. Our research findings show that physical education students have strong attitudes toward physical activities. This is consistent with the following findings. Mea and Hoe [13] found that Malaysian sports science students had strong positive attitudes toward physical activities and Zeng, et.al. [14] also found that their study participants had strong attitudes toward physical activities. This result also supports the findings of previous studies (15; 16; 17; 18; 19], which obtained same or similar results. One of these studies, Bibiket.al.[20]suggested that high school students perceived physical education as a positive and valuable experience and high school students believed that physical education is an important part of their academic experience, rated just after Math, English, and Science Furthermore, while Fox and Biddle,[21] and Rice [18]specified that student boredom by the lesson, repetition and pointless activities have an effect on students developing negative attitudes they also emphasized that the most powerful factor for students to develop a negative attitude to the physical education lesson is the teacher[22]. The fact that attitudes to the physical education lesson by students in this study are generally positive may lead to the thought that they are satisfied by the subjects taught in the lesson and with the physical education
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War Traumatized Adolescents (WTA): A Study on the Coping Strategies Adopted by the School Going Adolescents, Vavuniya, Sri Lanka

War Traumatized Adolescents (WTA): A Study on the Coping Strategies Adopted by the School Going Adolescents, Vavuniya, Sri Lanka

Abstract This study on traumatized adolescents presents the causes and consequences of psychosocial impacts of war on a select cohort of traumatized adolescents. It initially contextualizes the problem by narrating the physical and psychological impacts of war on people. The sample of school going adolescents was selected from the Southern Educational Zone of Vavuniya in northern Sri Lanka, an area predominantly occupied by Sri Lankan Tamils. The relevant information on those traumatized adolescents was obtained from medical practitioners, school teachers and others who had worked with the said traumatized adolescents. A survey was conducted thereafter to obtain the required qualitative data. In many instances semi-structured interviews were held to elicit additional information. The coping strategies adopted by the said school children were then analyzed using the BASIC-Ph multi-dimensional approach, based on the multi-modal therapy (Lahad, 1992). In this study, the conceptualization of coping is based on a proposal by Lahad and his colleagues in which coping is viewed as a response to perceived stress which was defined as "constantly changing cognitive and behavioral efforts to manage specific external and/or internal demands that are appraised as taxing or exceeding the resources of a person”. Findings of the research revealed that the selected samples of adolescents were least resilient to severe impacts of war and that their coping mechanisms varied due to varying factors such as their personality, social support, and spirituality. Overall, it may be said that nearly all of them showed symptoms of having been traumatized at different levels, with many of them needing psychosocial support.
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Prevalence and associated factors of physical fighting among school-going adolescents in Namibia

Prevalence and associated factors of physical fighting among school-going adolescents in Namibia

In order to contribute to the literature on adolescent health behaviours, we carried out this study using existing data obtained from the Namibia Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) conducted in 2004. Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of having engaged in a physical fight among school-going adolescents in Namibia. We believe knowledge about this estimate and associated factors will assist public health practitioners to establish programs, and policy makers and individuals involved in intervention programs could use the prevalence estimates to advocate for resource allo- cation for these programs. Identification of socio-demo- graphic correlates of being engaged in physical fights may enable targeting of scarce resources to adolescents, who may be more vulnerable to physical fights and the associ- ated consequences. The estimate may also allow cross- country comparisons regarding the prevalence of health behaviours and associated factors.
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The relationship between psychological distress and bullying victimisation among school going adolescents in Ghana: a cross sectional study

The relationship between psychological distress and bullying victimisation among school going adolescents in Ghana: a cross sectional study

Findings from the study showed significant positive correlation between domains of psychological distress (depression, anxiety and stress) and bullying victimati- zation among school going adolescents in Ghana which suggest that elevated levels of psychological distress may pose as significant risk factors for bullying victimiza- tion [3, 20, 21]. The findings are not surprising as mental health problems among school going-adolescents predis- pose them to various risky behaviours including unsafe sexual behaviours and substance use [22, 23]. The symp- toms of psychological distress could inhibit students’ ability to resist bullying as perpetrators of bullying vic- timization may target their colleagues who are unable to fight back.
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Educational stress and coping strategies in school going adolescents

Educational stress and coping strategies in school going adolescents

Background: Academic pressure are one of the main causes of stress for young people and this stress is a significant catalyst and precursor to depression. This research uses to assist the teaching units in understanding the related problems of stress of students of modern teaching technology, thereby proceeding to provide assistance and preventive measures. Current study was aimed to find out prevalence of educational stress among school going adolescents and associated factors. In addition to study the use of stress coping strategies.
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Effect of iec activity on health literacy of hypertension among school going adolescents in Delhi

Effect of iec activity on health literacy of hypertension among school going adolescents in Delhi

In our study 6.7% students in school 1 and 2.5% students in school 2 knew normal blood pressure values. Chaudhari et al conducted a study in 2015 among students of higher secondary schools of Patan city, Gujarat. They found that baseline knowledge regarding normal blood pressure values was 67.2% (Chaudhari et al., 2016). This is much higher than in our study probably because students of higher classes were included in this study. In our study 67.3% students in school 1 and 63.3% students in school 2 knew that hypertension could be prevented. In a study conducted by Nair et al in 2015, in Delhi, only 14.9% subjects knew that HTN was preventable (Nair et al., 2015). The possible reason for the difference has already been discussed before. In our study in school 1 , ‘stress’ as the risk factor of Hypertension was maximally known to the students i.e., 35.8% and in school 2 increased blood cholesterol was the maximally known risk factor of HTN known to 44.2% students. The least known risk factor of Hypertension in both the schools was ‘family history of Hypertension’, known
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Lifestyle of school going adolescents in Mumbai, India: a cross sectional study

Lifestyle of school going adolescents in Mumbai, India: a cross sectional study

Background: Adolescents, as defined by World Health organization, constitute individuals in between the age group of 10 to 19 years. Children, youth and young people are the other groups which have ages which overlap with the adolescent age group. The hormonal changes at this age are responsible not only for physiological growth but also emotional and cognitive changes. Lifestyle in this age group may have lasting and, in many cases, lifelong implications. We conducted this cross-sectional study to holistically analyse lifestyle of school adolescents in Mumbai.
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Reproductive and sexual health behaviour of school going adolescents in Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh, India

Reproductive and sexual health behaviour of school going adolescents in Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh, India

For the purpose of studying reproductive and sexual behavior problems of adolescent students, four schools: two in Chandigarh and two in Himachal Pradesh (Districts Mandi and Hamirpur), India were randomly selected by stratified multistage random sampling design. A Cross-sectional survey among adolescent students of selected schools was conducted during November 2012 to February 2013. Sample size was decided on the basis of feasibility keeping in view the time constrains of the survey. Only those respondents whose parents gave consent and they were also willing to take part in the study were included. Prior permission from Principals of selected schools was also taken. Survey included qualitative as well as quantitative aspects in reproductive and sexual health related domains of adolescents. Information collected from adolescents from schools by personal interview method included socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, literacy status of respondents as well as of parents, religion, type of family, family environment, occupation of parents, socio-economic status etc.). Other variables included peer behavior, sexual aspects, reproductive health awareness etc. Data were analyzed by simple describing percentages using SPSS-16 software. Interviews were conducted in privacy ensuring confidentiality with prior consents.
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MENTAL HEALTH OF SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

MENTAL HEALTH OF SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Educational Implications: Mental health and physical health are correlated with each other. First of all parents should give due attention towards the adolescents. Teacher should also pay healthy role to provide moral values among adolescents. Besides family factor socio-cultural factors also effect mental health. The negative impact of mass media and wrong cultural values affect mental health especially of the adolescent. It needs serious intervention on the part of government and responsible people of the society also. As healthy mind resides in healthy body so emphasis should be laid on to intricate values healthy activities in such school so that the adolescents can never delineate or alienate towards wrong side.
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Management of Anger with Anger Reversal Technique among School Going Adolescents

Management of Anger with Anger Reversal Technique among School Going Adolescents

express anger in an extreme or uncontrollable manner, higher in the level of anger, indulge health and develop anger related problems. high level of anger is identified in specific community or who are vulnerable to get anger related physical, psychological and social problems. School aged students during adolescence stage are one among the vulnerable groups found to have high anger and aggressive behavior. Anger is also a predisposed characteristic emotional reaction and also a learnt predisposition producing negative behavior effect. Speilberger classified anger into two i. e. trait and state. State anger may be induced due to situational factors such as interpersonal interaction, classroom atmosphere, stress, frustration, failures and conflicts whereas trait anger can be expressed in terms of biologically predisposed characteristics. Unidentified and untreated anger may cause disruptive consequence in intrapersonal, interpersonal, anger regulation and anger control behaviours of an individual. Anger produces psycho-physiological changes i.e hormonal imbalance, excessive secretion of certain bio chemicals, increased blood pressure, heart rate, pulse rate, galvanic skin response, rapid actions and functions of organs that elicit juices and hormones endanger to physical health. Conditionings to such behavioural changes and repeated exposure to anger inducing situation causes developing aggressive personality characteristics. Counter conditioning or learning new skills to manage or prevent anger consequences will help individual to manage such problem situations effectively. Behavioural trainings are theoretically and experimentally proved techniques frequently employed by behavior therapist to manage anger next to pharmacological therapies. Many behavioural therapeutic techniques have been employed by scholars to treat anger likewise anger reversal technique is utilized in the present study to suppress anger related reactions. Psycho-physiologically conditioned behaviors can be reversed or transferred making client to practice or relearn certain skills like relaxation training, social adjustment skill, anger control and regulation skill to adapt controlling anger and defeat anger inducing factors. The present study revealed that there is a remarkable change was achieved in the level of anger after anger reversal training. The result is consistent with the study conducted by (Ganesan, 1985); (Ganesan & Ganesan, 2004); (Feindler, Marriot, & Iwata, 1984); (Foumany & Slelahi, 2013); (Arefi, 1999; Navidi , 2006; Maleki, 2006); Kellner et al. (1995), Herrmann et al., (2002), and Burns et al. (2003).
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