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Analysis of Urban Change in Shenzhen City Based on Landsat Archived Data

Analysis of Urban Change in Shenzhen City Based on Landsat Archived Data

With the ongoing development of economy and urbanization in China, the change of land use types has attracted more and more attention. In this study we focused on the urban development of Shenzhen City, Guangdong Prov- ince, analyzing Landsat 5 TM and Landsat 8 OLI data. We used an SVM based classification, a land transfer matrix approach, a directional growth analysis method and we calculated the inversion of land surface temperature to derive information of land cover changes that occurred in the time period between 1987 and 2017. The results are combined with Shenzhen’s economy, transportation policy and other aspects to find the driving forces of the urban development. The results show that during the observed 30 years, the area of construction land has increased significantly. Most of it is converted from other lands, and some of them are reclaimed. Most rapidly developing are areas west and northwest of the Bao’an, Nanshan and Longhua. The vegetated areas decreased slightly. Caused by the continuous increase of the construc- tion land, the so-called heat island effect emerges slightly but continuously.

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Impacts of Atmospheric Conditions on Influenza in Southern China  Part I  Taking Shenzhen City for Example

Impacts of Atmospheric Conditions on Influenza in Southern China Part I Taking Shenzhen City for Example

Vapor pressure measures the vapor density in the at- mosphere and Table 1 shows that, ILI (%) increased with the increase of VP. Such a result is different from previous studies of Reference [6,16] in which they found dry environment is in favor of the propagation of flu vi- rus. Reference [16] showed that the atmospheric humid- ity had a negative correlation with Influenza Virus Trans- mission (IVT) and Influenza Virus Survival (IVS) rates in temperate regions and the seasonality of its flu occur- rence follows the local weather conditions. Nevertheless, Shenzhen City is dominated by subtropical maritime mon- soon climate. Its weather conditions are quite different from that in the temperate zone.

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Enzyme activities of urban soils under different land use in the Shenzhen city, China

Enzyme activities of urban soils under different land use in the Shenzhen city, China

Urbanization has drastically changed soil properties, and an assessment of these changes is essential for soil man- agement and soil health. The activities of urease, acid phosphatase, invertase and catalase, soil organic matter, pH, electrical conductivity (EC) and clay (< 0.01 mm) content of urban soils under two land-uses in the central built-up area of the Shenzhen city were investigated, and multivariate analysis was used to study the relationship between soil enzymes and soil physical-chemical properties. The results showed that invertase activity in roadside soil was significantly higher than that in urban park soil, whereas catalase activity was significantly higher in urban park soil. Soil organic matter had significant positive correlation with activities of invertase, urease and acid phosphatase but not with catalase. Soil pH had a significant negative direct effect on urease and acid phosphatase activity, but the effect was counteracted by positive indirect effect of soil organic matter. Soil EC had a positive direct effect on activities of catalase and there was a significant correlation between soil EC and soil catalase activities. Soil organic matter, soil pH and EC were the major factors influencing activities of soil enzymes.

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English teachers’ awareness of using ICT in primary school of Shenzhen city in China

English teachers’ awareness of using ICT in primary school of Shenzhen city in China

Policies to reform the curriculum, pedagogy and assessment are uncommon, despite the fact that they are as important a success factor as infrastructure, subject content and teacher education and technical support. The engagement of parents, employers, the media, politicians and the wider community is important to articulate expectations, support the schools, and apply pressure for ICT change. There is a split in the policy survey analysis on the issue of whether computers should be distributed in classrooms or clustered in labs, but it disappears in the this study in Shenzhen city with high levels of ICT favor into classrooms.

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Research on the Tourism Effect and Marketing Strategy of Convention & Exposition Industry: A Case Study of Shenzhen City of China

Research on the Tourism Effect and Marketing Strategy of Convention & Exposition Industry: A Case Study of Shenzhen City of China

Internationally research of C&E began in the late 1990s. The representative event was the world’s first spe- cialized publication on the MICE industry, “Journal of Convention & Exhibition Management” published offi- cially in 1998. With the development of the society and economy, Oppermann [1] thought that C&E already be- came one of most active departments in the regional economies with presenting the minimum reaction to the movement of price, and less seasonal “peak volatility”. C&E can make an important economic contribution to tourist destination, mainly embodied in employment, income, and other aspects of the economic impact of national, regional and city [2,3]. At the same time, MICE industry brings the destination of the immense intangible wealth including social and cultural interests, information communication, the cultivation and development of business relations, technology transfer and cooperation, marketing development of education and training etc. [4-6]. MICE industry has such a marvelous contribution with tremendous potential to the tourist destination, so it is known as the “sunrise industry”. Because of foresee- able significant economic benefits and social benefits, many governments have recognized that this industry is an important value-added economy, they have increased their support to it in various ways [3,7-9] to promote the MICE industry global development. As the destination of MICE activities tend to locate in urban areas, and it is an important component of the urban economic, the devel- opment of the MICE industry generally is regarded as an urban development strategy [10,11]. In some developed countries of Europe and America as well as Japan, Aus- tralia, Singapore, Hong Kong China and other countries and regions, MICE has become an important industry sector in economic structure [12]. Most academic re- search activities are from mature MICE destination, such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia, which are specific studies on a particular country [2]. From the view of research, most foreign academic stud- ies this industry are concerned with its influence to the economy and choice of location for the C&E. [2,4]. The study results of International MICE industry show that [1], “Services”, “Cost”, “Location”, “Facilities” will be the most important factors which affect the staff’s deci- sion on selection of the location. They also became the 4 main points to be considered when many places such as guesthouses, hotels, attractions, airlines, travel agencies etc. develop MICE industry [13,14].

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The Influence of Linguistic Landscape on the Image of Shenzhen

The Influence of Linguistic Landscape on the Image of Shenzhen

The authors figure out the negative and positive examples of public signs’ translations by dividing them into several categories. This study has not only analyzed the relation between public signs’ translations and its functions, but al- so discussed the relation between public signs’ functions and the image of Shenzhen city. This is significant for the development of Shenzhen city. With Shenzhen’s development, more and more immigrants and tourists from coun- tries around the world come to Shenzhen these years. Besides, the bilingual lin- guistic landscape is also developing in Shenzhen and stands almost everywhere in Shenzhen. Therefore, the bilingual linguistic landscape has great impact on their impression of Shenzhen, which will affect Shenzhen’s image.

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A Resource Based Perspective on China Hospital Alliance

A Resource Based Perspective on China Hospital Alliance

The concept of hospital alliance gained achievements in some certain areas, as illustrated before, it is relatively successful in Luohu in Shenzhen City, south of China. However, the new model although very accessible, the model cannot spread out in whole China. Luohu district using medical insurance to contain the cost of medical fees. In China, the medical insurance system is too complex. In short time, it is not realistic to using the model of Luohu’s medical insurance system. In terms of medical insurance, a lot of research can be done. Second im- plication is, the system of human resource management. For the community and the hospital, the HR management system is different. On the perspective of HR, often researches will be move on. Thirdly, the price of medical service should be considered, specifically family health delivery in community.

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Health Risk Assessment on Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water in Shenzhen

Health Risk Assessment on Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water in Shenzhen

Objectives: To conduct health risk assessment of drinking water pesticide re- sidues and its annual trend analysis in Shenzhen City. Methods: The samples of product water, pipe water and secondary supply water from 2011 to 2013 were collected and analyzed. The evaluation models of health risk assess- ments for children and adults on the 12 non-carcinogenic materials (namely heptachlor, pentachlorophenol, hexachlorocyclohexane, hexachlorobenzene, DDT, malathion, glyphosate, dimethoate, bentazone, atrazine, chlorothalonil, furadan) were recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). Results: The results showed that the maximums of the measured indicators in the above were controlled in accordance with the National Health Standards (GB5749—2006) published by Ministry of Health in China. The adults and children’s health indices (HIs) of the 12 non-carcinogenic materials were greater than 1 (2.323 - 6.312). Dimethoate residue in factory and peripheral water was the largest risks of harm among the non-carcinogenic pollutants measured. And its HI i (Its Hl i ) was also greater than 1 (1.995 -

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Study on Spatial Difference of the  Relationship between Regional Tourism and Economic Growth—Comparative Study of Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Zhuhai in Light of VAR Model

Study on Spatial Difference of the Relationship between Regional Tourism and Economic Growth—Comparative Study of Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Zhuhai in Light of VAR Model

Based on the Eviews software and panel data of Guangzhou city, Shenzhen city and Zhuhai city, the study investigated the dynamic relationship between regional tourism and economic growth, us- ing the methods including Cointegration Test, Granger Causality Test, VAR models and Variance Decomposition. The study result shows that there are long-term mutual effects between regional economic growth and regional tourism industry in each area. And in each area, the local GDP, Earning from International Tourism (EIT) and Earning from Domestic Tourism (EDT) have coin- tegration relationship. Moreover, in one certain area, the contribution rate of different factors to fluctuation of one variable changes over time.

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Investigation of airborne fungi at different altitudes in Shenzhen University

Investigation of airborne fungi at different altitudes in Shenzhen University

But to our knowledge there are no published data on the airborne fungi at different altitudes in one place. Shenzhen city is located at 22°27'-22°52' N and 113°46'- 114°37' E. The weather in Shenzhen is associated with high temperature and humidity throughout the year, which suits for the reproduction of airborne fungi. As a well developed city, Shenzen has a large number of tall buildings and mansions providing both working and living spaces. The aim of this work was to determine the concentration of airborne fungi present at different alti- tudes and the effect of seasonal variations, which will provide useful information on the air quality of residen- tial areas.

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Financial Anomalies: Examination of Chinese B‐share Markets from 1993 to 2006

Financial Anomalies: Examination of Chinese B‐share Markets from 1993 to 2006

From previous studies, many researchers have found seasonal  anomalies  in  share  markets  throughout  the  world.  Under  seasonal  anomalies  theories,  stock  prices  tend  to  rise  or  fall  markedly  during  particular periods such as New Year special holidays. As seasonalities  are  inefficiencies  in  the  financial  markets  and  are  well  researched  in  the mature markets,  the objective of this paper is to examine whether  this  phenomenon  exists  too  in  the  Chinese  B‐share  markets  in  both  Shanghai  and  Shenzhen  stock  exchange.  We  analysed  the  monthly  seasonality  in  the  China  B‐share  markets  by  using  both  value‐ weighted indices and equal‐weighted portfolio indices. In general, we  do not find seasonalities in Chinese B‐share markets. 

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Health Risk Assessment on Drinking Water in Shenzhen, China

Health Risk Assessment on Drinking Water in Shenzhen, China

The chemical dataset of 49 different water monitoring sites 100 different peri- pheral water sampling sites according to terrain, landform, geology, hydrology, water system, drinking water sources, distributions of waterborne infectious disease and types of water supply project were obtained from the Health Direc- torate of Shenzhen for this study. Drinking water samples were collected every quarter in 2012, with a total of 150 factory samples and 207 peripheral samples according to correct sampling techniques to analyze their chemical contents. Detection indexes for these samples included iron, manganese, volatile phenol, cyanide, fluoride, lead, mercury, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate, copper, zinc, sele- nium, arsenic, cadmium and hexavalent chromium.

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Human Health Risk Assessment of Trihalomethanes through Ingestion of Drinking Water in Shenzhen, China

Human Health Risk Assessment of Trihalomethanes through Ingestion of Drinking Water in Shenzhen, China

From the concentration of drinking water DBPs in some cities in China reported by Deng et al. [14], the concentration of THMs in municipal waters in Shenzhen is at a medium level. Compared with other test results in Shenzhen, the concen- tration of THMs (excluding TBM) is significantly higher. This may be related to the year of the test and the location of the water plant, suggesting that attention should be paid to the differences in water quality in different regions. This study found that the concentration of THMs in 5 water samples exceeded the stan- dard. It is recommended that the water supply unit should analyze the cause of excessive THMs concentration to reduce the THMs concentration.

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ARIMA Model in the Application of Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Index

ARIMA Model in the Application of Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Index

The inverted root of the polynomial in Table 3 is in the unit circle, shows that the process is stable, and it is also reversible. We use the software to predict the last 8 values of the model. Use ARIMA ( 0, 2,1 ) model in December of 2011 last eight group in Shanghai and Shenzhen 300 stock index data to predict, the predictive value and the real value, error, error ratio is shown in Table 4.

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Serum lipids and associated factors of dyslipidemia in the adult population in Shenzhen

Serum lipids and associated factors of dyslipidemia in the adult population in Shenzhen

As China’s first Special Economic Zone to spur eco- nomic growth after the near collapse of the socialist centrally-planned economy in 1978, Shenzhen has trans- formed from an agriculture-based Baoan County into a 21 st century metropolis housing over millions of people. Unprecedented social and economic development in Shenzhen has led to changes in patterns of diet, physical activity, and other socio-demographic characteristics that are contributing to large increases in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases [13]. Dyslipidemia is a well known risk factor for cardio- vascular disease. A prevention measure against the epi- demic of dyslipidemia will undoubtedly push down the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases. The associated factors of dyslipidemia in Beijing, Shaoxing, and Delhi has have been evaluated; however, little data are available in Shenzhen [11, 12, 14].

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Monitoring the Sewage Draining in Shenzhen Reservoirs Using Hyperspectral Data

Monitoring the Sewage Draining in Shenzhen Reservoirs Using Hyperspectral Data

Because of the complex aquatic environment of Shenz- hen, SS, TN, AN, BOD5, TP and COD are not composed of certain particles, they don’t have any certain spectral characteristics. For all six parameters have low correla- tions with all the original reflective spectrum bands, we can’t use any single bands or ratio of two bands to invert those parameters quantitatively. Derivative spectrum is sensitive to the changes in the proportion of SS, TN, AN, BOD5, TP and COD, some bands have high correlations with the five parameters, it can work well with data that have hig tion, but we need to further study how to use this tech- nique on Hymap image. The area of the six peaks can be used for inverting the proportion of SS, TN, AN, BOD5, TP and COD accurately; it can work effectively in mon- itoring the sewage draining in Shenzhen reservoirs; the physical significance of this technique needs further study. The ratio of area of peak 2 to area of peak 4 is effective in distinguishing the polluted water and clear

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Spatiotemporal Ozone Level Variation in Urban Forests in Shenzhen, China

Spatiotemporal Ozone Level Variation in Urban Forests in Shenzhen, China

the Shenzhen Environmental Monitoring Centre Station for each monitoring period and used them as the background data for the city of Shenzhen (http://www.szhec.gov.cn/ztfw/ztzl/hjbhxxgkzl/). There were 11 background stations including Honghu station (urban site, located 14.3 km southwest of the park), Overseas Chinese Town station (urban site, located 28.8 km southwest of the park), Yantian station (urban site, located 34.2 km west of the park), Longgang station (urban site, located 9.6 km north of the park), Xixiang station (suburban site, located 36.6 km west of the park ), Nanao station (suburban site, located 27.7 km southeast of the park), Kuiyong station (suburban site, located 19.6 km east of the park), Meisha station (suburban site, located 8.6 km southeast of the park), Guanlan station (urban site, located 19.6 km northwest of the park), Tongxinlingzi (urban site, located 19.1 km southwest of the park) and Nanhaizi station (suburban site, located 28.8 km w of the park), all of which were over 15 km far from Yuanshan Forest Park. The daily (from 01:00 to 01:00 of the

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Risk Measurement of Chinese Stock Market Based on GARCH Model and Extreme Value Theory

Risk Measurement of Chinese Stock Market Based on GARCH Model and Extreme Value Theory

This paper analyzes the Shanghai and Shenzhen 300 Index of Shanghai stock exchange, Shenzhen 300 Index of Shenzhen stock exchange, Hang Seng Index of Hong Kong stock exchange market and Taiwan Weighted Index of Taiwan stock market, and combines GARCH model and extreme value theory to calculate separately. The VaR values of the Shanghai and Shenzhen 300 Index, the Shenzhen 300 Index, the Hang Seng Index and the Taiwan Weighted Index at the 0.05, 0.025 and 0.01 significance levels were calculated, and the failure rate was calculated, too. The GARCH model mainly depicts the “volatility aggregation” feature of financial time series. The GARCH-POT model adds the extreme value theory based on the extraction of the standard residual of GARCH model, which can well describe the influence of residual fluctuation of daily yield and reflect the "thick tail" of the distribution. Through empirical research and comparative analysis, the following conclusions are drawn:

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Low Carbon Urban Transitioning in Shenzhen: A Multi-Level Environmental Governance Perspective

Low Carbon Urban Transitioning in Shenzhen: A Multi-Level Environmental Governance Perspective

In order to facilitate the low-carbon development of Shenzhen, its government has established a leading group in the party committees as well as in government as the leading cadre evaluation mechanism on environmental performance to take the outcome of the evaluation as one of the important parameters to appoint, dismiss, reward, and penalize the cadres. The implementation of Shenzhen Environmental Protection Performance Evaluation Regulation is under the direct leadership of the Shenzhen party committee and government leadership, which is initiated by the Department of Organization and the Municipal Committee of Shenzhen. The primary principals of the divisions, departments, and districts are appointed to be the first principals in charge. This top- down organization structure is considered a decisive factor towards ensuring a high-quality evaluation system. The result of the evaluation is regarded to be one of the parameters of assessment for the political achievement, annual appraisal, and selection and appointment of a leading cadre, which is a mandatory constraint to the evaluation objective. Leading cadres who failed in the evaluation will not be appointed to important positions within a two-year period; and primary leaders or branch leaders who do not qualify as a result of not achieving the required marks and ranks last in the evaluation will be sent to carry on persuasion and admonition with city leaders; the department which ranks last and is inadequate to meet the required score of 70 out of 100 will receive a yellow card warning. The invigilators of environmental evaluation consist of party representative, NPC member, CPPCC members and guest monitors, specialists in ecological environmental protection, environmental protection supervisors, environmental protection citizens, and various jurisdictions’ residents from all parts of the city, who will listen to the actual report of the examined unit on low-carbon emissions

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Traffic Congestion Reduction and Smart City Strategy
  A Case Study in Shenzhen, China

Traffic Congestion Reduction and Smart City Strategy A Case Study in Shenzhen, China

are not from Shenzhen, reservation for travelling in holidays ). Private car is her first choice, the second option is metro. Because private car is easy for controlling time, while metro is convenient and green travel. She is satisfied with the current transportation service in Shenzhen. The examples are that there are screens in the high way to show he traffic situation ahead. And also the electronic payment in the high way has saved the time for passing the toll station. As for the APPs, it can help to do the real-time prediction, which can change the mode of travelling. She hasn’t cooperated with government or ICT firms. Because there is not many negative effects in her daily life from the traffic congestion. During the interview, she also mentioned a radio platform to provide the feedback, in which the staff can contact Shenzhen transportation department online immediately and they will answer these questions or help to solve the problems. For herself, she will try to take the public transportation as much as possible or try not to go out in the peak time. From her perspective, the biggest challenge is there is not many official channels for promoting the participation and some platforms lack the influential for noticing by the government. The respondent indicated that the objective of ITS should reduce the amount of vehicles going out in the same time and increase the driving speed. Reservation system should be used in hot areas and limited parking areas. Meanwhile the system should provide the congestion information which will help the drivers to avoid the congestion and choose other ways, as well as real-time information of the parking lot, in order to reduce the amount of vehicles waiting on road. Honestly speaking, the respondent believed she was not a noble person. If she wanted to participate maybe she just wanted to solve the

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