Sour cherry

Top PDF Sour cherry:

Application of three Types of Dryers Namely Tunnel, Fluidized Bed, and Fluidized Bed with Microwave for Drying of Celery, Corn, and Sour Cherry: Experiments and Modeling (TECHNICAL NOTE)

Application of three Types of Dryers Namely Tunnel, Fluidized Bed, and Fluidized Bed with Microwave for Drying of Celery, Corn, and Sour Cherry: Experiments and Modeling (TECHNICAL NOTE)

In this paper, water content from celery, corn, and sour cherry was removed through tunnel, fluidized bed, and fluidized bed with microwave dryers. One day before performing the experiments, the fruits were put in a refrigerator and ground into slices with average dimensions of 5×8×8 mm. For each experiment, 40 g of the samples were inserted in dryers. Moisture content in the samples was determined by weighting the samples using a balance. Experiments were accomplished under the air velocity of 1 to 3 m/s, the temperature of 40 to 60 o C, and the microwave power of 180 to 540 W. Influences of these operating
Show more

8 Read more

Changes in chemical properties of soil and sour cherry as a result of sewage sludge application

Changes in chemical properties of soil and sour cherry as a result of sewage sludge application

This study, aimed at assessment of the effects of different sewage sludge application rates on heavy metal accumulation in the soil and in sour cherry leaves was carried out in the years 2005–2007. The rates applied were 0.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0 and 12.5 kg of dry matter per tree. Eighteen uniform one-year-old Kütahya sour cherry trees on Prunus mahaleb rootstock were used. Sewage sludge not only improved soil chemical properties but also resulted in an increase of nutrient content in cherry leaves. Sewage sludge application increased heavy metal content of soils. However, this in- crease did not exceed the critical values and was not reflected in the leaf contents of heavy metals. The most effective application rate was 7.5 kg per tree. Studies should be continued to evaluate the effects of sewage sludge on vegetative and generative growth, yield and fruit quality parameters.
Show more

6 Read more

Chitosan-coated sour cherry kernel shell beads: an adsorbent for removal of Cr(VI) from acidic solutions

Chitosan-coated sour cherry kernel shell beads: an adsorbent for removal of Cr(VI) from acidic solutions

Regeneration of the used adsorbents is an important part of the sorption studies. Using a regeneration procedure makes it possible to recover the adsorbed Cr(VI) ions from the solution and re-use of the adsorbent over. Re- generation also makes the adsorption process convenient and cheap. In the study, the regeneration experiments were done as follows: Cr(VI)-loaded R-SCKS or C-SCKS adsorbents were dried in an oven at 65 °C and then put into 1.0 M NaOH solution and shaken for 24 h. This procedure was repeated four times using the same ad- sorbent (Fig. 9). The desorption capacity of C-SCKS ad- sorbent was found to be higher (97.63%). The results Table 4 Thermodynamic parameters for the adsorption of Cr(VI) by sour cherry kernel shell powder (R-SCKS) and chitosan-coated sour cherry kernel shell powder beads (C-SCKS)
Show more

10 Read more

Connection between the disease resistance of sour cherry genotypes and the carbohydrate content of the leaf and phloem tissues

Connection between the disease resistance of sour cherry genotypes and the carbohydrate content of the leaf and phloem tissues

Aliferis K.A., Jabaji S. (2012): Deciphering plant pathogen interactions applying metabolomics: principles and ap- plications. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 34: 29–33. Apostol J., Véghelyi K. (1993): Results of testcrossing in order to get disease resistant sour cherry varieties. In: Schmidt Fig. 4. Total glucose (G) and fructose (F) content and the ratio of monosaccharides (G +F) to sucrose (S) in leaves and twigs in winter

6 Read more

Effect of Italian Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L ) on the Formation of Advanced Glycation End Products and Lipid Peroxidation

Effect of Italian Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L ) on the Formation of Advanced Glycation End Products and Lipid Peroxidation

[38] Serrano, M., Diaz-Mula, H.M., Zapata, P.J., Castillo, S., Guillen, F., Martinez-Romero, D., Valverde, J.M. and Valero, D. (2009) Maturity Stage at Harvest Determines the Fruit Quality and Antioxidant Potential after Storage of Sweet Cherry Cultivars. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57, 3240-3246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf803949k [39] Blando, F., Gerardi, C. and Nicoletti, I. (2004) Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) Anthocyanins as Ingredients for Func-

10 Read more

A review on sour cherry (Prunus cerasus): A high value Unani medicinal fruit

A review on sour cherry (Prunus cerasus): A high value Unani medicinal fruit

It is native of Europe and Southwest Asia. There were more than fifty cultivars of sour cherry in England previous to the Second World War. Presently, few are grown commercially and despite the continuation of named cultivars such as “Kentish Red”, “Amarelles”, “Griottes”, and “Flemish,” only the generic Morello is offered by most nurseries. The Morello cherry ripens in mid to late summer, toward the end of August in southern England. It is self-fertile and would be a good pollenizer for other varieties. Sour cherries require rich, well drained, moist soil for cultivation, although they demand more nitrogen, and water than sweet cherries. During spring, flowers should be protected, and trees weeded, mulched and sprayed with natural seaweed solution. This is also the time when any required pruning should be carried out. Morello cherry trees fruit on younger wood than sweet varieties, and thus, can be pruned harder. They are usually grown as standards, but can be fanning trained, cropping well even on cold walls, or grown as low bushes. [1] Sour tree is
Show more

6 Read more

Genetic diversity and differentiation in Chinese sour cherry
Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl., and its implications for
conservation

Genetic diversity and differentiation in Chinese sour cherry Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl., and its implications for conservation

Prunus pseudocerasus Lindl., commonly known as Chinese sour cherry, is an insect-pollinated, perennial species with a long history of cultivation, and belongs to the family Rosaceae, genus Prunus, subgenus Cerasus. It originates from Southwest China and is widely distributed in the temperate zone of Northern Hemisphere, occurring along the south slope of mountains or ditch sides (Yu and Li 1986). The fruit of P. pseudocerasus contains rich nutritional ingredi- ents and trace elements, such as proteins, carotene, Vitamin C, saccharides, iron and phosphorus (Yu and Li 1986). It is also a widely used material for the cultivation of new cherry cultivars (Ochatt et al. 1987; Gutie`rrez-Pesce et al. 1998; Mandegaran et al. 1999; Pesce and Rugini 2004). To adapt to ecologically diverse habitats, it has accumulated considerable genetic variations associated with various characters of great value for the fruit farming. In addition, its flower, leaf, root, bark and core are of high medicinal value. Because of its economic values, it has been playing an important role in fruit industry. However, as indicated by our field survey in 2002 and 2003, largely due to anthropogenic activities (e.g. road construction, deforestation and grazing), its natural germplasm resource has been seriously devastated and needs urgent preservation and restoration. To date, all previous studies of P. pseudocerasus have mainly been focused on its taxonomy (Chang et al. 2007), propagation (Feucht and Dausend 1976; Chen et al. 2003), morphology (Chu et al. 1995; Xin et al. 1996), phylogeography (Cao et al. 2007), phytochemistry (Gao et al. 2003; Takahashi et al. 2006; Sun 2007) and physiology (Atkinson and Taylor 1996; Zhao et al. 2005). No efforts have been reported on its genetic diversity and structure.
Show more

10 Read more

Season, location and cultivar influence on bioactive compounds of sour cherry fruits

Season, location and cultivar influence on bioactive compounds of sour cherry fruits

anthocyanin contents caused by year, i.e. climatic condition of a specific season as well as geographi- cal location and cultivar. A strong influence of year on the content of polyphenols and anthocyanins is immanent and was caused by higher rainfalls during the 2010 season. Geographic location in combination with higher precipitations influenced the fortified biosynthesis of anthocyanins in Osijek more than in Zadar location. All presented results clearly indicate that the most important source of variability is cultivar. However, despite the vari- ation caused by season or location, the same cul- tivar, precisely cv. Maraska, revealed the highest polyphenol and anthocyanin content; similarly cv. Oblačinska obtained the smallest contents of poly- phenols and anthocyanins. Our data on cultivar- specific polyphenol and anthocyanin profiles may also recommend a choice of cultivar for orchard establishment in order to have good quality of sour cherry fruits rich with bioactive compounds.
Show more

7 Read more

REGENERATION OF SOUR CHERRY ( PRUNUS CERASEUS ) THROUGH IN-VITRO PROPAGATION

REGENERATION OF SOUR CHERRY ( PRUNUS CERASEUS ) THROUGH IN-VITRO PROPAGATION

The mature trees of sour cherry established in the orchard at experimental field of pomology were selected for collection of cuttings. Dormant cuttings from selected plants were pruned and procured during winter season. The terminal and sub-terminal dormant cuttings measuring 18-22 cm in length and 12-15 mm in diameter were brought to the laboratory and washed thoroughly in running tap water. These were subjected to forcing treatment (Dalal et al. 2006). In forcing, dormant cuttings were kept in jar having sufficient distilled water to cover 5 cm of the basal portion of the cutting. The distilled water in jar was changed every 3 to 4 days. The cuttings were incubated in growth chamber at 24±1ºC under 16/8 h photoperiod with 40±3 µmol m -2 s -1 light
Show more

6 Read more

Sour cherry breeding – Resistance to leaf spot diseases, Blumeriella jaapii

Sour cherry breeding – Resistance to leaf spot diseases, Blumeriella jaapii

Cherry leaf spot is one of the most serious fungal diseases of sour and sweet cherries. An artificial inoculation test method was established in the laboratory to evaluate resistance of cherry genotypes to the leaf spot fungus, Blumeriella jaapii. The reaction type to leaf spot of 52 sour cherry cultivars and 11 Prunus species was evaluated. In result 10 sour cherry cultivars showed a resistant reaction type to leaf spot. The tested Prunus species, P. canescens, P. incisa, P. kurilensis, P. maackii, P. nipponica, P. sargentii, P. serrulata ssp. spontanea, P. subhirtella showed a resistant reaction type to the leaf spot fungus. The species P. dawyckensis was susceptible.
Show more

5 Read more

New reports of endophytic fungi associated with cherry (Prunus avium) and sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) trees in Iran

New reports of endophytic fungi associated with cherry (Prunus avium) and sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) trees in Iran

Abstract : Endophytic fungi constitute a remar- kable multifarious group of microorganisms live within plants tissues without causing any obvious negative effect. Endophytic fungi have been found in every plant species examined to date . During an investigation on endophytic fungi, 123 fungal isolates were obtained from healthy twigs and leaves of cherry (Prunus avium) and sour cherry (P. cerasus) trees in Iran. The isolates identified based on sequence data of 18S rDNA (SSU) region, as well as morphological and cultural features. As a result, four species namely Coniothyrium olivaceum, Collophora paarla, Sarocladium strictum and Quambalaria cyanescens identified. All these identified species are new reports as endophytic fungi from P. cerasus and P. avium in the world. Among them, Collophora paarla and Quambalaria cyanescens are new taxa for the mycobiota of Iran.
Show more

11 Read more

Inhibitory Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extracts of Barberry, Sour cherry and Cornelian Cherry on α-amylase and α-Glucosidase activities

Inhibitory Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extracts of Barberry, Sour cherry and Cornelian Cherry on α-amylase and α-Glucosidase activities

Reducing postprandial hyperglycemia is an efficient medical therapy to improve the health of diabetic patients. One of the main strategies to reduce postprandial hyperglycemia is reducing or inhibiting the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates through inhibiting carbohydrate digestive enzyme. This study aimed to investigate the the inhibitory effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of barberry (Berberis vulgaris), sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) and cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) fruit extracts against pancreatic α -amylase and intestinal α -glucosidase. The findings showed that barberry extract was the most potent inhibitor against the α -amylase with the IC 50 values of
Show more

6 Read more

Rootstock scion interactions on dwarfing cherry rootstocks in Hungary

Rootstock scion interactions on dwarfing cherry rootstocks in Hungary

ABSTRACT: In 1997 the Research Institute for Fruitgrowing and Ornamentals set up a comparative rootstock trial to study foreign-bred dwarf cherry rootstocks in the Hungarian climate. Based upon their effects on trunk and canopy growth, rootstocks can be classified into 3 groups: very vigorous (Cerasus mahaleb L. Cema, Cerasus avium L. C. 2493, Weiroot 13), medium vigorous (Weiroot 158, Weiroot 154, P-HL-A) and dwarfing rootstocks (Weiroot 72, Weiroot 53, GiSelA 5). Differences between the blooming and ripening times of rootstock/scion combinations were also observed. Linda produced the highest cumulative yield followed by Katalin, Germersdorfi 3 and Piramis. The largest fruit diameter was measured in Germersdorfi 3 among the sweet cherry cultivars; the highest ratio of fruits larger than 26 mm was found on Weiroot 72, and the lowest on GiSelA 5. The largest fruit diameter of the sour cherry Piramis was observed in trees on Cerasus avium C. 2493.
Show more

9 Read more

Distribution of Plum pox virus in the Czech Republic

Distribution of Plum pox virus in the Czech Republic

PPV polyclonal antibodies were used in DAS-ELISA (C LARK & A DAMS 1977) for the detection of PPV in natural hosts, plums, myrobalan, blackthorn or the sus- pected potential natural hosts sweet and sour cherry. Sam- ples for ELISA were prepared by grinding 0.2 g of leaf tissue or flowers in phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, with 2% polyvinylpyrrolidone and 0.2% of egg albumin in the ratio 1:20. Indirect DAS-ELISA for the detection of PPV-M isolates with PPV-M specific Mabs was per- formed by the procedure of Agritest, Italy. Czech iso- lates PPV-Vegama and PPV-Slivoň, characterized by K OMÍNEK et al. (1998) and P ONCAROVÁ and K OMÍNEK
Show more

5 Read more

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF
WHEATGRASS COMPARED TO APPLE JUICE AND SOUR
CHERRY/APPLE JUICE

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF WHEATGRASS COMPARED TO APPLE JUICE AND SOUR CHERRY/APPLE JUICE

The aim of this research is to do a chemical screening of wheatgrass, apple juice and sour cherry/apple juice profiles, by conducting chemical, physical and physic-chemical analysis such as pH, Total Titrable Acidity (TTA), Total Soluble Solids (TSS) oBrix, Chlorophyll A mg/l, Chlorophyll B mg/l, Total Chlorophyll mg/l, Vit C g/l, Total polyphenolic index, antioxidant activity and minerals including P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Na, Zn for three juices subject of this research and then be able to compare nutritional values among them.

12 Read more

Abrasive wear resistance of selected woods

Abrasive wear resistance of selected woods

In the contribution, the results of abrasive wear resistance study of 10 sorts of wood (apple, aspen, beech, hornbeam, horse-chestnut, London plane, mahogany, silver fir, sour cherry and sweet cherry) are published. The laboratory tests were carried out using the pin-on-disk machine with abrasive cloth, when the abrasive clothes of 3 different grits (240, 120 and 60) were used. The wear intensity of all test samples was assessed by volume, weight and length losses at different conditions.

7 Read more

Open Journal Systems

Open Journal Systems

As we faced data scarcity problems, our model is a relatively simple one, nevertheless, it is sufficiently accurate and suitable to predict the date of budburst together with full bloom starting dates for the three most important sour cherry varieties grown in Hungary, namely Újfehértói fürtös’ (Uf), ’Kántorjánosi’ (Kj) and ’Debreceni bőtermő’ (Db). Instead of calculating the chilling effect, we have chosen a term which coincides with the end of endodormancy or the beginning of ectodormancy, respectively. For that purpose, a linear accumulation function was applied where the daily mean temperatures above the optimized lower and upper a base temperatures were calculated from an extra optimized parameter, namely the statistically estimated starting date of ectodormancy.
Show more

9 Read more

A Review on Peach (Prunus persica): An Asset of Medicinal Phytochemicals

A Review on Peach (Prunus persica): An Asset of Medicinal Phytochemicals

Subfamily Genus Species Common name Uses Amygyloideae Prunus armeniaca Apricot Fresh and processed fruit avium Sweet cherry Fresh and processed fruit cerasus Tart sour cherry Fresh and p[r]

17 Read more

Phenylenediamine as Inhibitor in Sour Water at Oil Refinery

Phenylenediamine as Inhibitor in Sour Water at Oil Refinery

sour water medium in the absence and presence of inhibitor with four different concentrations of (75ºC). The potential of the sample was followed as a function of time in order to study the evolution of the film chemistry as it came to equilibrium with the solution. Fig. (1) shows the variation of potentials with time were relatively stable and intersected with the behavior in the absence of inhibitor, but can be obtained more positive potentials especially with 1x10 -4 M (PDA) that get more positive potential than the open circuit potential of the carbon steel in the absence inhibitor.
Show more

15 Read more

Moisture Dependent Physical Properties of Sour-sop

Moisture Dependent Physical Properties of Sour-sop

Abstract: Some moisture-dependent physical properties of sour-sop seed were investigated. Results of experiments on rewetted sour-sop seed showed increasing in length, width, thickness, arithmetic and geometric mean diameter, volume, surface area, sphericity, and thousand seeds weight from 14.91-15.69, 8.71-9.24, 5.39-5.56, 9.67 - 10.16, 8.81 - 9.27 mm, 0.57 – 11.67 cm3, 244.98 - 270.89 mm2, 0.56 - 0.59 and 255.7 – 285 g, respectively within moisture range of 8 – 32.5% (d.b.). An increasing trend for bulk density and true density was observed from 0.52 – 0.59 g/cm3 and 0.47 – 0.60 g/cm3. Porosity of the seed decreased from 9.62%–4.73%. Angle of repose was increased linearly from 25.7 – 33.3° with increase in moisture content from 8.0 – 32.5% (d.b.).At all moisture contents, coefficient of friction was highest for mild steel (0.37) followed by galvanized steel (0.29) and stainless steel surfaces (0.29).
Show more

6 Read more

Show all 507 documents...