Canada is paradoxically presented by its absence in Mistry‟ Such A Long Journey. One cannot help but read this novel as an allegory of multiculturalism. It presents Mistry‟ vision of multicultural society and place of minority in it. Set in Bombay in 1971 against the backdrop of Indo- Pakistan war and birth of Bangladesh as a nation, SUCH A LONG JOURNEY deals with the life of Parsi community in India. On the one hand, this novel opens up a new world for the readers in Canada_ the life and ways of Parsi community_ and thus helps them in developing a better understanding and appreciation in their culture. On the other hand it also presents to us a model of multiculturalism in its delineation of this minority community in India and how well they have integrated into Indian society without losing their cultural and religious identity. This can, Mistry proposes, act as a model of Canadian society and will go a long way in strengthening the fabric of multiculturalism in Canada.
Politics is a major part of the theme of Such a Long Journey. The novel deals with the life of the ordinary citizens and explores the manner in which it is imprecated with the national political scene. It is impossible for us to read Mistry's fiction and not be aware of the depth to which it is embedded in the political background of post-Independence India. One can even say that his novels constitute rare fictional explorations of important political events that contributed to the shaping of the nation after it attained independence in 1947. This preoccupation more increasingly is closer to contemporary times as Mistry tackles first in Such a Long Journey the Bangladeshi war with Pakistan.
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H uman life is beset with so many problems at different levels. It is impossible for any human beings to exist without facing problems in their life; mostly these problems are based upon the misevaluation of the individuals about the problems, surroundings, and their sufferings. General Semantics presents an uncommon approach to living and solving the problems of life through ‘structural differential’ method and using extensional devices like: ‘dating’, ‘indexing’, ‘etc’, ‘hyphens’, ‘quotes’, etc. Through acquiring the different approaches/devices of GS, one can avoid and solve problems better, and improve to relate and communicate. Rohinton Mistry’s Such A Long Journey illustrates the problems of Gustad Noble, a bank clerk, and his family due to economic, political, and cultural surroundings. Gustad is an ordinary man and faces many trials in his life. He has his own dreams about the future but his aspirations crumble down like cards. He struggles with memories of a financially secure and emotionally stable past that serves to highlight his family’s current struggles, which shows his ‘time-binding’ capacity. He has also many semantic blocks which seizes his creatical thinking. The present study tries to find out the semantic blocks of Gustad and also provides the tools which can help him to resolve the problems. Consequently the present study tries to add one more dimension to look at the text and the struggles/problems of Gustad and his family and other characters through the lens of General Semantics approach.
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Transport plays an important role in tourists and provide a very meaningful travel experience for them.  state that the quality of the transportation experience is a key criterion in choosing destination. For long journey travel, tourist usually uses public transport such as planes, high speed trains and conventional, bus or private vehicles such as car.  noted that the use of public transport is convenient and provides satisfaction to the tourists. According to the World Tourism Organization (UNTWO) the concept of long journey travel based on the Dateline European project comprises a minimum 100km journey . Travel distance may be divided into two routes which is in the country or traveling abroad.  state that long journey travel might have concerns about visas, travel safety and impressions held by the unfamiliar long journey destination. Most of the long journey travellers are also not confident enough to travel independently due to their lack of travel experience or information about the destination .
Thus, with such a long Journey Mistry provides a utopian world and artistically brings out the realities of life. This novel becomes a telling comment on the socio-political life and morality and suggests that one can’t wish that a miracle would solve all the problems. It is a story of a man’s education that doesn’t have control over destiny but with the harsh learning of life he realises the real meaning of oneself. The novel reveals the stark realism and positive commitment to justice and humanitarian concern. The following lines by Pandurang reveal the whole crux of the novel:
very cheap. This starts a sort of chain reaction with the perceptions of the father and the son moving poles asunder. Complications follow and the horizons continue to grow darker and sabler for the Noble family. Major Bilimoria, a friend of the family, disappears suddenly and joins Indira Gandhi’s spying outfit R.A.W. he robs the bank of a large amount by mimicking Indira Gandhi’s voice. He sends ten lakh rupees to Gustad for depositing in the bank under the fake account of Mira Obili, an anagram of Bilimoria. This causes unexpected trouble. Bilimoria is caught and jailed. Dinshawji, a lifelong colleague and friend of Gustad, creates some trouble dies. His funeral provides Mistry a chance to throw light on Parsi obsequies. Tehmul Langara, a young boy with disturbed mind, meets his death when he tries to catch a brick missile thrown by the agitators. Gustad is with the dead body when the estranged son, Sohrab, also comes there. This brings about reconciliation between the estranged duo and the novel comes to an end. Such a Long Journey depicts the blows of fate that strike India as tragic calamities and catastrophes in the form of Internal Emergency. M. Mani Meitei observes perceptively that in Such a Long Journey, Rohinton Mistry appears as “a critical realist as far as the treatment of social reality is concerned” (84).
Shahbano was a destitute woman, divorced by her husband, who took the case to the courts and after a long while reached the Supreme Court for justice. All that she was asking was for the Rs 500 allowance under the Criminal Procedure Code made available by the law of the land for destitute women of all religions, and finally the apex court granted her the maintenance in what was a landmark ruling of the 1980’s. Just as the ageing Shahbano was digesting the import of a ruling that would alleviate some of her misery, she became the centre of a political storm with then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi succumbing to the pressure of Muslim fundamentalists and negating the judgement with a new law Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act 1985. That there was little to protect the Muslim woman was evident from the law that denied maintenance rights for divorced women of the community, and effectively removed Muslim women from the purview of the Criminal Procedure Code with even the paltry Rs 500 being seen as too much by the conservative men who had united in and outside Parliament to oppose the verdict.
In Mistry's denunciative account the utilization of odd which is "associatedwith dim underground spaces and involves pictures that are odd, outlandish, ludicrous and enormous" (Chakrabarti and Ganguli 56), supplements his abrading evaluate of infesting foul play in a discriminatory social and political request. A Fine Balance and to a lesser degree even Such a Long Journey possess large amounts of cases of the twisted. A noteworthy piece of A Fine Balance is set in the underbelly of the general public which is situated in the ghettos of Bombay. Ashis Nandy in his At the Edge of Psychology has portrayed ghettos as a surrogate town reproduced in metropolitan. He composes:… the ghetto reproduces the recalled town in another appearance andresurrects the old network ties in new structures. Indeed, even customary beliefs, devotion and family relationship ties get by in ghettos, wearing masks incomprehensibly provided by their own massified variants. So in Bakhtinian terms, the ghetto and the ghetto inhabitants establish, in A Fine Balance, the unacknowledged mass or a twisted unclaimed space which is, in any case, imperative as it encases the regular workers or the clouded and impeded corporeality prohibited from the common awareness of a consecrated and shut body/country state. Seen in the feeling of aggregate corporeality the restriction here is between the hesitance of average country state - a dynamic, law based and evenhanded social and political request - and the unhygienic however naturally critical organs, the open mouth, the tummy, the privates etc.(Chakrabarti and Ganguly 68-9).
Now a days journey, travelling from one place to another has become part of our day-to-day life. The people who depend on the public transports for their travel have a bundle of bad experience of missing there transport, waited in the bad weather or in unsafe place for long time, or without prior knowledge of arrival of stop in long journey; often we see this as the prevalent excuse given by students, employees, applicants for interview. It may be by passenger in long distant journey will be destined in odd timing (at mid-night) who will come to know that his station has been past. We can’t control the late arrival or the early arrival of the transport but we can have an option of planning our daily work if we were intimated the arrival of the transport to particular route or station. For long distance travel usually we are using Train. But in train we are going to face lot of problems during night journey because in night it is difficult to identify the station name. So we came up with a novel idea of intimating such people by method called “SMS Based Alerting System for Train Passengers”.
Meanwhile, the Foreign Minister of Greece, Mr. Maximos, took a long journey to the European capitals intended to make the Great Powers known the objectives of the Balkan Pact. After the visit in Paris, the Greek diplomat met the Italian Head of Executive, B. Mussolini, in Rome, to explain that the main aim of the agreement was the peace consolidation in the Peninsula. He rejected the views of certain Italian political groups who considered the Balkan Federation as a mechanism in favor of Little Entente and in opposition with other powers, particularly Italy. The purpose of their attitude was to impede the efforts of the Balkan countries to have an independent existence, based on the political agreements and the economic cooperation, in order to ensure the sovereignty of the participant Balkan states. After the Italian approval, Mr. Maximos found the support of Foreign Office, too (Gazeta e Korçës, 1934: 1).
The ability of a clinician to walk with a survivor from her first hours out of “the life” through the long journey to healing is most aptly found in clinicians who are survivors, or experienced trauma therapists who understand that this client demo- graphic differs significantly from other PTSD clients. Recognition of trafficking trauma by the clinician can increase the chance of proper treatment because the clinician has a greater understanding of her needs. My trafficking survivor clients can always reach me outside of office hours. This is not a breach of boundaries, but a concrete understanding that this clientele has experienced a full degradation of the human psyche, and a 2:00 AM phone call may at times be necessary.
In her study of the major themes and techniques in Indian Novel in English, Meenakshi Mukherjee observes that Indian novelists in English employ myths in two ways: conscious and unconscious. In Such a Long Journey Mistry makes a ‘conscious’ use of the celebrated Sohrab- Rustom myth If the confrontation between father and son in the myth ends on a tragic note, Mistry’s narrative ends on a note of reconciliation. Gustad views Sohrab’s rebellious gesture as a symptom of the loss of respect for tradition and values. What brings back Sohrab in the narrative is the strength of spirit demonstrated by Gustad after Tehmul’s tragic death. Thus while using a Zoroastrian myth in the narrative; Mistry highlights the generation gap, which seems to threaten the very existence of Parsi family life. Roshan’s protracted illness and the deteriorating economic
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As pointed to at the end of the last section, one of the challenges in addressing such questions as „how much demand for travel information is there?‟ is that placed in different contexts, the answers would undoubtedly be different. A more specific question could be „how much demand is there amongst regular car users to consider public transport options for an unfamiliar long distance, time critical journey through consulting pre-trip a web-based public transport journey planner?‟. This may be a helpful question to address for a given ATIS provider in their own market research. However, it rather limits an opportunity to gain a broader sense of the role of information services for the purposes of policy and public investment considerations. What then in broader terms can be said in response to this question of demand for information use? Examination of available research evidence within this paper informs and leads to a series of key assertions:
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moral dilemma. Even in O’Neill’s Desire under the Elms, it is clear that everyone desires something whether what is desired is attainable or not. Fate is still very present in these plays as well. If fate of one sort or another hovers over all of tragedy, then tragicomedy is no different. There is still an external force, an external “something” that determines human action, but it has no public face, no visible manifestation. This might also point to one of the main differences between Modernism and Postmodernism. Modernism has grounding, in this case the father as an authoritative figure.. To my mind, O’Neill will be remembered for his late plays in which he was able to recreate the private and the personal while portraying the ravages of hereditary guilt. In Long Day’s Journey into Night, the Tyrone family past has been broken up into fragments but these fragments make up a whole that the viewer or reader is able to grasp. Life is no longer knowable and character dissolves into a type of psychic battlefield and insoluble puzzle. Long Day’s Journey into Night fits into this pattern quite easily and comfortably. It is a play where character is a psychic battlefield, beliefs in the past are discovered to be sham, human existence cannot be transformed, being a hero is nigh on impossible and borders on the absurd, life is unknowable, becoming more a series of sensations, albeit blunted by mind-altering drugs, than anything linear.
Previous efforts have been made to improve physical health monitoring among patients receiving anti- psychotic medications. A project by Dr Catherine Rowlands (ST4 psychiatry, SEPT) aimed at improving physical health monitoring among patients receiving long acting antipsychotic depot injections. The interven- tions developed were aiming at undertaking recom- mended monitoring yearly in the nurse led outpatient clinic setting, and then signposting/referring to other services as required. A second intervention was to develop a “ Health and Wellbeing Booklet ” for patients. The project also highlighted the importance of commu- nication of between services and health information . This shows that the process may be slightly different for different services yet the key points for change are similar; education and communication between services.
such as the Gold Standards Framework ( GSF) Prognostic Indicator guidance 21 and the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicator Tools (SPICT), 22 have been developed through research and collaboration to help identify patients approaching EOL in order to meet clin- ical need. Indeed, the referral criteria cited by respon- dents are supported by the GSF and SPICT tools. However, the clinical trajectory in HF is inherently unpredictable. 23 Given that predicting PC needs with clinical indicators is fraught with dif ﬁ culties, professional uncertainty regarding the optimal time 20 to initiate PC needs assessment and discussion is unsurprising. This has contributed to the growing opinion that a better option may be to introduce PC at an earlier stage to run in tandem with conventional HF treatment such that PC provision may be more responsive to the individuals ’ ﬂ uctuating needs throughout the disease journey. 24
LASP can undertake up to 6 tasks, of which 3 are first priority. It was determined that the most important attribute was SP, representing reliability. The two tasks for Column 2 (i.e. one priority and one not) were both allocated to reliability, initially doubling the spread, and then tripling it. By comparing estimates for these two points to the base (Column 1) it was possible to recover a non-linear valuation. The next most important attribute was judged to be journey duration (JT). This was allocated the priority task of Column 3, with latest departure time moved forward by half of JT to give a 50% increase in journey time. The next attribute in order of importance was the “Mode Specific Constant”, or modal penalty for the use of rail. This was allocated the priority task of Column 4, and so that column was labelled “Rail” if the current mode was road (and vice versa). Lastly, there was interest in valuing frequency/flexibility. However, there is little point telling respondents there are two services a day unless they are told when they are. It was deemed appropriate to present the service closest to the current service by moving the latest departure time but holding journey time (and all else) constant. This is achieved by using our time shift attributes (SH, ESH and LSH) to which the remaining two (non-priority) tasks were allocated. Having two tasks so allocated facilitated, in principle, the examination of “earlier” and “later” starts separately, though it was decided that earlier starts were not meaningful for Bulks, for which both tasks were allocated to “later”.
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On AT&T Plaza in Chicago’s Millennium Park stands a giant stainless steel sculpture in the shape of an indented ellipsoid, 66 feet long, 33 feet high, weighing 110 tons and glistening in the sun like a drop of liquid mercury. Entitled Cloud Gate by the British artist Anish Kapoor and nicknamed ‘the Bean’ by locals, it cost 11.5 million dollars and immediately became what it was always intended to be, an urban attraction photographed by endless tourists, the world-renowned symbol of a creative city. Stand below the arching mass of the sculpture and gaze upwards at the omphalos or navel: your body multiplies into drunken curves, improbably fat and impossibly thin, like in a funhouse mirror. Look back at the sculpture from a few steps away: your diminutive image is crowned by a ring of skyscrapers, their outlines etched against a blue horizon. Returning home from a recent trip to Detroit and a string of other half-devastated cities, I realized viscerally what I knew intellectually: that Chicago is the incomparable winner of the region, the Midwestern capital of the global economy. It’s the city that pioneered both commodity and financial futures, and after a recent round of mergers it is now home to the world’s largest futures and options network, the GLOBEX trading platform run by the Chicago Mercantile Exchange Group (the ‘Merc’). Elite knowledge workers are making tremendous amounts of money in this city. Yet our neighborhood just a few miles from the lakeshore is full of boarded-up houses and lives that have been foreclosed by the crisis. Twenty percent of the inhabitants have fallen beneath the poverty line and a quarter of the population has no health insurance. The municipal
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The Transition from Childhood to Adulthood is a long journey with many ups and downs, peaks and bottoms. Adolescents will conform to adult standards not immediately, because it will take more information and experience from the Parenting, which they got from the Parents. The four Parenting Styles includes Authoritative, Permissive, Uninvolved and Authoritarian. [1-3]
It was to be a brief first period at Baylor (only 9 months, unfortunately). In short: The six-week Summer Course in June-July 1962 (studying physiology like hell, review- ing electronics, running experiments every day, interacting with classmates from differ- ent origins, working 12 hours or more daily and even finding time to have some fun. Somehow, and in a very rudimentary way, part of that whirling experience was poured in four articles, three of them published in Spanish in Argentina [20-23] in an unknown local journal, which disappeared a long time ago. Childishly, I wanted to let people know what new world I had found, without realizing that, truly nobody really cared much about my accomplishments in this part of the planet. Unexpected to me was that the report , after a field trip to the Texas A & M Veterinary School made in July 1962, in College Station, would become the seed of a successful project 10 years later [24,25]. Simultaneously, I was carrying out a bunch of respiratory measure- ments trying to determine phase impedance changes during respiration. Lee Baker and I produced a confidential report to NASA, obviously not allowed to be published. Interestingly, NASA gave me the clearance to work on that Project. Remember, that was the time of the first American sub-orbital flight, with John Glenn as the first astro- naut, who had lateral tranthoracic electrodes to record his respiration using the impe- dance technique. Yes, that period introduced me to that technique so marking one of the main tracks I was to follow thereafter. Moreover, a suggestion from Dr. Hoff pushed me to register as a Ph.D. graduate student in physiology and I took a few initial courses. No waste that year, indeed.
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