The proposed structure involves expert association, customer and admin,driver where executive is a champion among the most basic part in systemusing android technology. Here customer will book the vehicle and pursue the present region using GPS following. Collaborations suggests the obligation to structure and manage systems to control improvement and land arranging of unrefined materials, work-in-process, and finished inventories at the most diminished total cost. The proposed system bases on transport of stock, rough materials ,moving home mechanical assemblies, furniture while development. It in like manner joins the officials of demand planning, stock, transportation, and the blend of warehousing, materials dealing with, and packaging, all organized all through an arrangement of workplaces. We have to offer end to end security to customer and provider data by using QR code thought.Scan QR code using android. We are proposal of nearest best master association as demonstrated by customer interest using android technology on map.
The principle behind the unprecedented navigational capabilities of GPS is triangulation. To triangulate, a GPS receiver precisely measures the time it takes for a satellite signal to make its brief journey to Earth - less than a tenth of a second. Then it multiplies that time by the speed of a radio wave—300,000 km (186,000 miles) per second—to obtain the corresponding distance between it and the satellite. This puts the receiver somewhere on the surface of an imaginary sphere with a radius equal to its distance from the satellite. When signals from three other satellites are similarly processed, the receiver’s built-in computer calculates the point at which all four spheres intersect, effectively determining the user’s current longitude, latitude, and altitude. (In theory, three satellites would normally provide an unambiguous three-dimensional fix, but in practice at least four are used to offset inaccuracy in the receiver’s clock.) In addition, the receiver calculates current velocity (speed and direction) by measuring the instantaneous Doppler Effect shifts created by the combined motion of the same four satellites. Although the travel time of a satellite signal to Earth is only a fraction of a second, much can happen to it in that interval. For example, electrically charged particles in the ionosphere and density variations in the troposphere may act to slow and distort satellite signals. These influences can translate into positional errors for GPS users -a problem that can be compounded by timing errors in GPS receiver clocks. Further errors may be introduced by relativistic time dilations, a phenomenon in which a satellite’s clock and a receiver’s clock, located in different gravitational fields and traveling at different velocities, tick at different rates. Finally, the single greatest source of error to users of the Navstar system is the lower accuracy of the civilian C/A-code pulse. However, various augmentation methods exist for improving the accuracy of both the military and the civilian systems.
GSM and GPS based vehicle location and trackingsystem will provide effective, real time vehicle location, mapping and reporting this information value and adds by improving the level of service provided [1-4]. A GPS-based vehicletrackingsystem will inform where your vehicle is and where it has been, how long it has been [5-6]. The system uses geographic position and time information from the Global Positioning Satellites. The system has an "On- Board Module" which resides in the vehicle to be tracked and a "Base Station" that monitors data from the various vehicles. The On-Board module consists of GPS receiver, a GSM modem A. VehicleTrackingSystem: A vehicletracking
illumination changes. Edge detection methods employ morphological edge detection schemes to determine the object/vehicle. Edge detection techniques are relatively fast and are less immune to illumination variance. How- ever, tracking of the vehicle has to be performed by re- cursive edge detection on subsequent frames. Also, solu- tions for fixing disconnects in edges and contour irregu- larities are time consuming and vulnerable to noise. Frame differencing approaches are relatively fast, but require either a static background or reference image [15,27] or frequent updating of the background image [27,28] mak- ing it not suitable for slow moving vehicles. Feature ex- traction and matching methods derive dimensions, tex- tures, color, shapes, etc. of vehicles and matching them and validate using templates or by correlation. Even though, these methods are comprehensive and can pro- vide higher accuracy in differentiating objects, they are inflexible and are susceptible to intensity variations, sha- dows and object occlusions. Supervised learning methods are more suitable for object detection only, time con- suming (training), and inflexible for location changes. Optical flow methods encode the temporal displacement of the pixels during motion and the variation in the spa- tial structure of the scene. This approach is computa- tional expensive, vulnerable to noise, perspective distor- tion, occlusion, static objects and sensitive to the camera position. Some of the challenges of effectivevehicle de- tection and tracking compared to general object detection and tracking are: 1) detection and tracking should be fast due to the relative fast movement of the object/vehicle, 2) should be independent of the location, camera region of view, camera resolution and mounted height, illumine- tion, shadows and occlusion, 3) require less calibrations to determine traffic flow data, and 4) maximize true de- tections and minimize false detections. On the other hand, vehicle detection and tracking provide less challenge com- pared to general object tracking in: 1) vehicle direction and displacement is common and proximity-uniform, 2) vehicles shape and features are distinct from background and active objects (pedestrians), 3) motion of vehicles are bound to the roadway area (smaller frame size for pro- cessing), and 4) object detection by matching and super- vised learning are overwhelming and is only required for vehicle classification.
The design and implementation of this system allows safety and security system to the car. A simple, cost effective anti-theft security system has been successfully designed and constructed. This system also detects an accident and sends information to service provider. The technologies of speed, the GSM / GPRS wireless transmission have good perspective in the auto safety domain's application The advantage of the system is that the status of vehicle owner could be identified effectively which prevents the criminal from stealing. In addition to this, this system will reduce the accidents and save the human lives. On the whole, this system is very cost effective and efficient. This system can be easily implemented in real time.
Abstract: In India, motor vehicles theft/violation rate keeps on increasing every year. It is very difficult to solve these problems effectively using traffic enforcement cameras which are placed along road sides and traffic signals. The proposed idea to detect, recognize the number plate of the preceding vehicle and track the vehicle number using server information. This is achieved by fixing a camera in front of the car which automatically acquires the proper frames (low movement noise) of the preceding vehicle by applying movement detection algorithm and extracts the number plate from the acquired image using edge detection, morphological operation and contours. The Latin characters of the extracted number plate are segmented using Connected Component Analysis (CCA) and Boundary Box Analysis (BBA) and characters are recognized by template matching using correlation. The recognized number plate characters will be sent to the centralized system if it is matched with the defaulters in the database of the theft vehicle. The proposed project addresses the relative movement effect of the actual and preceding vehicles while taking the image and cost constraints by using low cost embedded board.
In the wake of setting up the GSM Modem, the following stage is to setup the SMS system. Diafaan SMS Software was picked as the SMS framework. Diafaan SMS Software offers a decent availability with database, for example, Microsoft Access and MySQL. The point by point strategies and technique to setup the SMS programming can be discovered on the web. In the wake of checking that the SMS framework can effectively get SMS from transmitter, the following stage is to incorporate the SMS System to a MySQL database. It is prudent to test the association between the GSM Modem and SMS System by sending a SMS to the GSM Modem at the control focus (the number relies upon the SIM card embedded to the modem). The motivation to interface the SMS server with MySQL database is on the grounds that it will be simpler for the Google Map API content and code to get the required data, for example, scope and longitude (LatLong) and date and time (keeping in mind the end goal to distinguish the sequence request of the area) as the codes and contents are composed in PHP and HTML arrange.
Abstract: Security in travel is primary concern for everyone.IOT based monitoring of vehicle parameters is described of effective information system that can monitor an automotive / vehicle / car condition in traveling. This project is designed to inform about the location of vehicle, vibration and temperature information that is occurred to a vehicle. This project uses accelerometer sensor which can detect the unevenness of vehicle and if vibrations occurred then a threshold limit. The signal send by the sensor are received by the microcontroller. Vehicle monitoring system uses wifi-module to send information over IOT. This monitoring system is composed of a GPS receiver, ARM-7, ACCELEROMETER, HEAT SENSOR and GPS Receiver who gets the geo satellite information in the form of latitude and longitude. The ARM -7 processes this information and this processed information is sent to the user/owner using WIFI-MODULE modem . A wifi modem is interfaced to the MCU. Heat sensor used to detect temperature level.
direction of vehicle monitoring [3–6]. Yongwei and others introduced the GSM network into the car alarm system for remote monitoring. When the vehicle is stolen, it can send an alarm signal in a short message and cutoff the automobile circuit and oil circuit . Tianzi studied the remote transmission of automobile position when the automobile ignition switch was triggered illegally. The user can be informed of the car’s situation and its real-time latitude and longitude data through the liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor in the monitoring center to take an emergent action . In view of vehicle safety prob- lems such as vehicle theft and unauthorized driving, Xiaoli used GPS module to collect real-time information such as latitude and longitude, altitude, vehicle speed, and other information, achieving real-time vehicletracking and posi- tioning, vehicle trajectory reporting, and anti-theft . Jian proposed an intelligent monitoring system for logistics ve- hicles consisting of three parts: GPS vehicle terminal, monitoring center server group, and control terminal .
system is abnormal. It is to determine to send "false alarm", “Emergency for help "and "reported safety" information by scanning keyboard signal. It is confirmed that the motorcycle accident occurred when data abnormal detected by information detection module. Position information searched by the GPS and then sent by GSM. XˈY of MMA621010EG and Z-axis of MMA7260QT connected to the AD conversion interface of the microprocessor after a RC low-pass filter. The analog signal converted to digital by the 8-bit AD. It enables the microprocessor to detect the rollover or collision accident information effectively by calculating the different roll angle and set collision acceleration threshold. According to NMEA-0183 protocol standard specifications, GPS receiver transmits the position and speed information to the PC and PDA etc. via the serial port. NMEA-0183 is a standard protocol which GPS receiver complied with. It is the most widely GPS receiver used protocol currently. According to NMEA - 0183, data is sent in statements. The receiver send multiple types of statements, only a few of letters in certain statements is valid, so it needs to parse the received data, separating out the required information.GS-87 module provides a serial communication interface, this design chooses 9600bps, serial communication parameters: Baud Rate: 9600, Data bits: 8 bits, stop bit: 1 bit, no parity. The SCI communication interface of MC9S08AW60 can read data sent by GS-87, the processing program can extract the effective geographic coordinates and time information. TC35i module data input/output interface is compliant with ITU-T RS232 interface standard. Fixed parameters: 8 data bits and 1 stop bit, no parity, baud rate 300bps ~ 115kbps, hardware control signal RTS0/CTS0, software flow control XON / XOFF, CMOS level, support the standard AT command set. Because instruction content is the ASCII code and short message in Chinese is encoded UNICODE code, the transmitting data must be encoded when microprocessor control TC35i module via AT commands. For the number of Chinese characters is large and the microprocessor resources are limited, the UNICODE code must put into the microprocessor memory which related to the Chinese characters involved in the message.
mobile phone that can use Google Maps, and send and receive message. The vehicletrackingsystem consist of two parts: hardware and the software. The hardware consists of five units: a Arduino, a GSM modem, a GPS modem, a vibrating Sensor and a servo motor. The first important component of the hardware is the Arduino, which is the brain of this system. All hardware units connect to the Arduino. The second device is the Global System for Mobile Communication modem. This device is used to connect to the network and is responsible for sending and receiving instructions. The third device in the system is the Global Positioning System modem. This device is determined the vehicle location and sending this information to the vehicle owner’s mobile phone via internet. The fourth device is the Vibrating Sensor. It is used to detect the accident. The fifth device in the system is the servo motor. This device is act as a locking device. It is used to block and unblock the fuel supply to the engine. The second part of this system is software. The purpose of the software is to control the system.
We can use GPS as a receiver and GSM as both.The GPS system currently has 31 active satellite in orbits with inclination 55 degree to equator.The satellite orbit about 20,000km from earth surface.The GPS satellite transmit a signal contineously to GPS receiver.And GPS receiver collect data in the form of coordinates(longitude,latitude and altitude) and storeit.Which is fed to controller and controller processing on it.This data is send to GSM and display on LCD.And finally GSM send data to user(i.e current location of vehicle).
This system provides a variety of data in graphical format, which gives different insights to both, buyers and vendors. The buyers are given an output which shows them an aspect-wise comparison for the products best-suited for them. The vendors get an overview of the sentiment of various aspects relevant to a certain product so as to make business plans based on the approach or inclination of the users to a particular aspect. The recommendationsystem uses the buyer’s reviews on various products and which feature of the product the user most frequently mentions in all his/her reviews. This gives the vendors a perspective to focus on targeted advertising and recommendations. The overall sentiment of aspects over a variety of products is also useful so as to give a view of which aspect is considered the most while an average user buying a product and giving the industry a perspective about the universal sentiment.
For this time being, vehicletrackingsystem has been nominated as one of the best trackingsystem for the losses of vehicle. Generally GPS tracking uses a system of satellites orbiting earth to find the actual location. So by improving this system, it uses GPS and Android based smart phones.
Currently GPS vehicletracking ensures their safety as travelling. This vehicletrackingsystem found in clients vehicles as a theft prevention and rescue device. Vehicle owner or Police follow the signal emitted by the trackingsystem to locate a robbed vehicle in parallel the stolen vehicle engine speed going to decreased and pushed to off. After switch of the engine, motor cannot restart without permission of password. This system installed for the four wheelers, Vehicletracking usually used in navy operators for navy management functions, routing, send off, on board information and security. The applications include monitoring driving performance of a parent with a teen driver. Vehicletracking systems accepted in consumer vehicles as a theft prevention and retrieval device. If the theft identified, the
The system comprises of microcontroller, wetness and heartbeat sensing element, RFID module, GSM Module, GPS Module.The microcontroller is plays an important role altogether elements. It’s a negotiate of all of devices interface with them. The controller is main a part of the merchandise that performs all the specified operations and can management all the remaining modules.
Many of the authors explained the vehicletracking in embedded system. One of them, Benjamin Coifman , explained a real-time computer vision system for vehicletracking and traffic surveillance.R.Ramani, S. Valarmathy, Dr. N. Suthanthira Vanitha, S. Selvaraju, M. Thiruppathi, R. Thangam  explained VehicleTracking and Locking System. Their paper proposed a novel method of vehicletracking and locking systems used to track the stolen vehicle by using GPS and GSM technology.
There are many modern libraries such as, Wolfram modern plug that links your simulation models to the real world by the use of an Arduino board. Libraries open with a wide variety of ways to interact with your models by using buttons, switches input sensor information, or even Actuators such as motors and servos.
Saving peoples live is the most important in today’s world. The best way to save lives is to have an ambulance system which is effective and can be reachable to the user/client, this paper gives the solution which focus to make the ambulance available to a nearby user/client/patient in the least possible time which will help save many lives. After extensive study and analysis new technology evolved. Navigator.geolocation method based on Rest FUL Web Services is used this will help the ambulance location to be updated in the database so that it can be seen by the user who is using this application and makes it easy for him to book the ambulance. The client’s location will be pin pointed on the google map and even the ambulance which is nearby the user will be pin pointed on the map, once the patient is on board the ambulance location is taken and then the list of hospitals are pointed out on the map which helps the ambulance driver to choose the nearby hospital to take the patient on time.
IT has made it possible to track cargo and fleet for Logistic Firms. This has had a lasting impact on the security of both the cargo and fleet. In Kenya, the requirement by all truckers to install the Electronic Cargo TrackingSystem (ECTS) was initially met with opposition. However, truckers have slowly embraced the ECTS, which seeks to replace the security bond while monitoring cargo in transit and providing real time information on location, security and condition of cargo and assets (Bradawl, 2000). The ECTS is currently being implemented by customs authorities in many parts of the world to mitigate against a range of risks such as significant tax loss, cargo theft, and improving regulatory compliance. The use of modern day technology such as bar codes and RFID makes it possible to access more precise information on the stock. Radio- frequency identification (RFID) is the wireless non-contact use of radio-frequency electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking tags attached to objects. One of the major advantages of radio-frequency identification is that information exchange between tags and readers is rapid, automatic and does not require direct contact or line of sight (Bradawl, 2000). This will allow for access to more precise inventory management information. The researcher anticipates establishing whether there is any correlation between this and the performance of logistic firms.