Complete First Progress test

31  161  Download (0)

Full text

(1)

Progress test 1 Version A

1 Complete each sentence with a phrasal verb in the

correct form.

0 I need somebody to . a few things from the supermarket for me.

1 That play for ages. I thought it was never going to end!

2 I have to the house after that party of yours. Please be more tidy in future.

3 Now we have a bit more money, we can the spare bedroom and make it usable.

4 I want to sit down and have a cup of tea. Doing the

gardening has me .

2 Complete each sentence with the correct form of a word in the box.

concerned critical enthusiastic mature organised patient polite reasonable reliable responsible sensitive

0 The bus will be here soon, so don’t be . . 1 The report was highly of the managers

of the company.

2 She was that she would not be able to fi nd the address, but she needn’t have worried. 3 The crowd gave the band an welcome

to the stage.

4 In my country, as in many others, it is considered not to say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’. 5 Marc is very for his age. He behaves

more like an adult a lot of the time.

6 I can’t believe how the conference was. Nobody knew where to go or what to do.

7 My watch broke and they offered to replace it even though it was fi ve years old, which I thought was very

of them.

8 It was really to leave the cooker on while you went out. There might have been a fi re. 9 I fi nd Caroline can be a bit sometimes.

She never cares if she upsets someone.

10 That car of yours is always breaking down. It’s completely . You should buy a new one.

pick up

impatient

3 Correct one mistake with a verb tense in each of these sentences. One sentence is correct.

0 My brother has been buying a new car recently. .

1 Her project is late because she makes so many changes to it.

2 It’s by far my favourite fi lm. I’ve been seeing it more than 20 times now.

3 Since I started work here, we have not bought any new computer equipment.

4 I want a break from the computer. I’ve used it all morning.

5 … and in breaking news, the government has been announcing tax cuts for low-paid workers. 6 The publishing industry is having problems since

ebooks arrived, but the situation is improving. 7 How’s the holiday so far? Did you have a good time? 8 Sara, a package has been arriving for you at home.

I know you’ve been waiting for ages for it. has bought

(2)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

4 Complete each sentence with the correct form of make or do.

1 So I said to my son, ‘If you’re bored watching TV, why don’t you some exercise? That would

a nice change. You could some of the housework, like the beds or the cleaning.’ Suddenly he was very keen to his homework!

2 Can I an appointment with the College Principal? I’d like to a different course next year and I need to a decision about which one as soon as possible.

3 If you want to well in a job interview, it’s crucial to a good first impression.

4 A: Are you much progress with selling your house?

B: Nobody’s even any arrangements to view it yet. I don’t think the agents are much of an effort with it. Every time I call, they

another excuse.

5 I’m really sorry, but I can’t the shopping today. I’ve got too much work to . Could you

me a huge favour and it for me? Thanks!

6 I a big mistake when I agreed to business with friends. Never again!

5 Complete this interview by writing the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

Interviewer: So Jessica, here you are in New Zealand – a long way from home. (0) How long

you (be) here? Jessica: Three weeks.

Interviewer: How long (1) you (travel)?

Jessica: Six months. I’m having the time of my life! Interviewer: And what (2) (be) your best

experience since you left home?

Jessica: I think it’s what I’m doing now. I’m learning to skydive.

Interviewer: Really? (3) you (always like) doing dangerous things?

Jessica: Yes, I guess since I was a small child I (4) (always want) to push myself, and this is a great opportunity.

Interviewer: Any bad experiences since you left home? Jessica: People warned me about crime and

illness but I (5) (be) lucky so far – nothing bad (6) (happen) to me, and I hope it won’t in the next six months.

do

have been

6 For questions 1–8, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

My writing day

A young writer describes his daily routine

Most writers have (0)

own rules about how they

work, and I’m no different. My alarm goes (1)

at 5.00 am, I shower to wake myself up before heading

to the office five minutes away. On my way, I buy a cup

of coffee and I’m normally ready to begin writing at 5.30.

(2)

than write for a fixed amount of time, I aim

to produce a page of writing every day. It might take 20

minutes, but frequently it’s much longer before I finally get

(3)

with my proper job. I’m a lawyer, (4)

to be honest, I’ve never really enjoyed it. I see it (5)

a step in the right direction because (6)

is so

much wasted time around the office that I get opportunities

to write I wouldn’t normally have. My job also gives me the

discipline necessary (7)

writing, so I should be

grateful to it for that (8)

least.

(3)

Progress test 2

1 Complete each sentence with one word only.

0 People buy insurance when they don’t want to take with their lives.

1 I didn’t have a what to say in my class presentation this morning, so I just made something

.

2 I took football again after a long break when my friends and I decided we were getting too lazy. 3 When I’m cooking, I like to have a at new

recipes. I’m getting into Indian food at the moment. 4 Remember I said I’d get football tickets? I’ve

my promise and got hold two – they’re like gold dust!

5 I don’t know how to describe him. He’s a very hard man

to sum .

2 Correct any mistakes with the adjectives in bold in these sentences. Three adjectives are correct. 0 I get really irritating with people who use mobiles in

the cinema.

1 My brother-in-law just phoned with some excited news: my sister’s just had a baby!

2 Remember that book you lent me? I hate to say it, but it was so boring I couldn’t fi nish it.

3 I went for a walk by the river with Sally. You’ll be amusing to hear I managed to fall in. It was so embarrassing!

4 You look a little confusing. Can I help?

5 Isn’t it astonished how exhausting it can be travelling around the city at rush hour?

6 I was disappointing by the attitude of the shop assistant when I took my broken computer back. 7 Do you think people are motivating mostly by money

or is it more complicated than that? risks

irritated

3 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given in capitals. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given.

0 He doesn’t like tennis as much as football. MORE

He likes tennis.

1 Food is often cheaper in supermarkets than in small shops.

LESS

Often, food in supermarkets in small shops. 2 I’m the least musical person I know. ANYONE

I don’t me.

3 His confi dence is higher than it was at the start of the course.

NERVOUS He doesn’t seem

he did at the start of the course.

4 That was the most boring speech I have ever heard. NEVER

I have

boring speech in my life.

5 It is easier to travel around the city by bicycle than by bus or car.

ONE

Going by bicycle is

ways to travel round the city.

6 My old laptop cost half the price of my new one. TWICE

My new laptop has my old one.

(4)

How our knowledge of the Red Planet is changing fast

Mars, the second smallest planet in the solar system, is commonly known as the ‘Red Planet’, thanks to the iron oxide covering its surface (this is in fact rust, the same material you see covering a piece of iron or steel exposed to air and water). (1) And although Mars has a thinner atmosphere and its surface is covered with similar features to those on the Moon, there are many other features present – volcanoes, valleys, deserts and even polar ice – found here on Earth.

Among the more well-known features found on Mars is Olympus Mons, one of the highest mountains in the solar system, and the Valles Marineris, one of the deepest valleys. (2) Phobos and Deimos, the two Martian moons, are small and strangely shaped and may be made up of the remains of this impact.

Before the fi rst spacecraft, Mariner 4, reached Mars in 1965, there was a continuing debate about the existence of water on its surface. In the 18th century, long, straight lines seen by telescope were said by some to be canals full of water, perhaps constructed by the planet’s Martian residents.

(3) Could they be continents, surrounded by seas?

Although the Martian canals were later found to be optical illusions, visiting spacecraft found that Mars did indeed once have surface water.

(4) The Mars rover Spirit detected water molecules in March 2007, and the Phoenix mission discovered water ice in 2008.

There have been up to three spacecraft orbiting Mars – the Mars Odyssey, Express and Reconnaissance Orbiter. (5) A further two are operating on the planet’s surface – Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity and the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity. Non-operational spacecraft also litter the surface, such as the MER-A Spirit and the 2008 Phoenix lander. In terms of its size in the sky, only Jupiter, Venus, the Moon and the Sun appear bigger to us, and are visible with the naked eye. (6) Because of the effect of the Earth’s atmosphere, normal telescopes can only really see the larger features of the surface like giant craters when Earth and Mars are closest. No matter how powerful, Mars won’t look anything like images you see in the magazines.

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

4 Complete the sentences using and, but, because, when, what, who, which and that. There is one word you do not need to use.

A: There’s a small tree in my garden, (0) it is in the wrong place (1) I need advice on moving it.

B: The most important point is deciding (2) to move it. (3) the weather is still quite warm, the tree could suffer stress if you try to move it now and (4)

could kill it. Wait a few weeks until the autumn begins properly, (5) will improve your chances of success. If you feel you need more help, go to a professional gardener (6) can do the work for you.

5 Complete each sentence with a word in the box. There is one word you do not need to use.

competitive demanding depressing economical entertaining incredible popular time- consuming

0 Dealing with all the emails I get at work is so I never have any time for actual work.

1 The audience obviously found the show

– they applauded the actors for ages at the end.

2 The mobile phone market is extremely , with consumers benefi tting from the resulting low prices.

3 I won’t be watching that fi lm again. The ending was so that I was miserable for days afterwards.

4 Hybrid petrol-electric cars are far more

to run than conventional petrol- driven ones.

5 Marathon running is so physically

that the exhausted runners can lose up to 4 kg.

6 ‘Scoring the winning goal was the most feeling,’ said the victorious captain after the match.

6 You are going to read a magazine article about the planet Mars. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A–G the one which fi ts each gap (1–6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

but

time-consuming

A One, the giant Borealis basin in the northern half of Mars, covers 40%

of the surface and could be the result of the planet being hit by a huge meteorite.

B It was observations by the last of these that revealed possible fl owing

water during the warmer months.

C One surprise is the strange pale yellow-pink sky, so different to the blue

we are all used to seeing.

D Its orbit around the Sun, the speed at which it spins, and the angle at

which it turns, produce seasons which are similar to our own.

E More recently, observations of light and dark shapes in the polar regions

seemed to suggest land.

F However, many new stargazers are disappointed by their fi rst view of it

through a telescope.

G Seven years ago, the analysis of highly sophisticated radar data appeared

(5)

Progress test 3

1 Complete each sentence with the correct noun in the correct form: travel, journey, trip or way.

1 Like many people, I have a long train to work every day. It’s the only I can get there.

2 Tomorrow’s sightseeing has been cancelled due to lack of interest.

3 Did you see that documentary The world’s most dangerous about truck drivers in the Andes?

4 To save money, all business will be replaced with video conferencing whenever possible.

5 All passengers with onward should make their way to the fl ight transfers lounge.

6 I’m completely confused. Is this the right to the exit? 7 We want to get return tickets to Rome. What’s your best round

price?

8 Hello, Piotr? I’m going to be late meeting you. My car’s broken down on the into town.

2 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given.

1 Sam stopped playing football when he left school. USED

Sam a lot when he was at school.

2 I went abroad for the fi rst time when I started this job. NEVER

I abroad before I started this job.

3 Andrea and Silvio have been close friends since university. WHEN

Andrea and Silvio’s friendship students.

4 Who told you that the schedule had changed? KNOW

How the changes to the schedule?

5 The company went out of business after months of losses. LOSING

The company went out of business because it for months.

6 I was too late to buy any tickets for the fi lm. ALREADY

The box offi ce all the tickets by the

time I got to the cinema.

journey

3 Complete each sentence with the correct preposition.

1 The best time to make an appointment with the doctor is fi rst thing the morning Monday.

2 1st May, we’re having a party to celebrate our anniversary. Can you come? It starts 7.00 pm.

3 Please come and see me the end of school today.

4 A: Are you doing anything the weekend?

B: Only Saturday afternoon. A family shopping trip!

5 I’m exhausted and I’m going back to my hotel a minute. If you like, we can discuss this again breakfast. 6 Dinner will be ready 15 minutes! 7 It’s so quiet round here night. I

can’t wait to get back to the city. 8 A: When are you moving house?

October?

B: No, September. just six weeks’ time.

(6)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

4 For questions 1–8, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fi ts in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Invasion of the snails

The US state of Florida is fi ghting an (0)

of gigantic snails! Over 1,000 of the huge molluscs are being trapped weekly in the area around Miami. The

(1) African land snail, which can grow to an (2) size – sometimes as big as a rat – represents a (3) danger to local plant life. Experts met last week in Gainesville, Florida, for the Giant African Land Snail Science Symposium, to try and discover the most

(4) ways to eliminate the snails

(5) .

A spokesperson said investigators were attempting to learn where the snails had come from originally, though an (6) pet owner is the main suspect. Scientists are (7) that Florida will experience the same problems as some Caribbean countries, where snails crossing the roads cause accidents and make sidewalks covered in slime

(8) to walk on. INVADE MASS EXCEPTION CONSIDER SUCCEED SAFE RESPONSE CONCERN DANGER 5 You are going to read an article about surfi ng. For

questions 1–10, choose from the paragraphs (A–D). The paragraphs may be chosen more than once. Which paragraph mentions

1 an important technical development? 2 the way people’s roles have changed? 3 diffi culties encountered by surfers? 4 problems of cultural differences? 5 an unexpected piece of luck?

6 the single-minded attitude of surfers? 7 the limited number of places left unsurfed? 8 a change of plan?

9 a reduction in risk?

10 the infl uence of the media on surfi ng? invasion

The rise of the surfer

How surfi ng became a global business success. A The only thing a surfer is really interested in is how good the

waves are. This quest for perfection has led to the discovery of many once-quiet beaches which nowadays fi nd themselves packed with tourists. Today’s surfers book online and enjoy their experience at ‘surf camps’ – places that have removed any element of danger from travelling to remote areas, places previously known only to a few brave pioneers. No matter how far from civilisation a surf camp might be, though, a pioneer will probably have been there fi rst. These are people who will camp out in the most extreme environments, ignoring insects, snakes and natural disasters for months at a time just to enjoy the waves alone.

B All this began in the 1970s, driven by exciting improvements

in surfboard design. They became smaller and lighter, which made them easier to transport. Newer and better waves were being tracked down around the globe by a small army of determined young men and women. Naturally, some of them had cameras with them, and the photos they took and the fi lms they made encouraged others to follow in their footsteps. The more business-minded sold pictures and stories to magazines and the surf world exploded. Thousands of keen young surfers boarded planes to try and fi nd the next undiscovered surfi ng paradise.

C By the 1980s, the surf package tour had arrived on the

scene. Those early surf pioneers had become tour operators and surf camp guides, operating in the same places they had themselves discovered. The Maldives became a tourist destination after one adventurous surfer was stuck there in 1973 while on his way to South Africa. He had found a small island, where perfect waves crashed on perfect beaches and where there were no other surfers to spoil the view. He abandoned his South Africa trip and settled down to enjoy the clear blue water almost entirely on his own for years afterwards.

D The Maldives are now a permanent fi xture on the surf

calendar, just like a host of other camps around the Indian and Pacifi c Oceans. By the new millennium, the travel market for surfers was part of mainstream tourism. Previously isolated communities, who just happened to live with some of the best waves on the planet, are confronted with surf boats, surf camps and young people who are sometimes more interested in catching the next wave than in local customs and

traditions. There is barely anywhere left in the world where small but determined bands of surfers are not making the fi rst steps in establishing a local surf business. Whatever their motives though, everyone who surfs an exotic beach should be grateful to these intrepid pioneers.

(7)

Progress test 4

1 Complete each sentence with food, dish or

meal plus a word from the box in the correct form to make an appropriate collocation. There is one word in the box you do not need to use.

balanced convenience elaborate fi lling light shortage simple source supply

0 Some say an egg is the ultimate

– it is easy to prepare and comes in its own packaging.

1 At home, I prefer cooking

like a piece of fi sh and some salad, nothing too complicated. I leave

with lots of ingredients and beautiful presentation to restaurant chefs.

2 The main for many

people in the world is either rice or potatoes.

3 That was so I

could hardly move afterwards.

4 Danielle only eats for

lunch. Anything too heavy and she can’t stay awake in the afternoons.

5 Thanks to developments in agriculture, the

total world is still

increasing, although there can easily be local when bad weather destroys crops.

convenience food

2 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given.

1 This is the worst fi lm I’ve ever seen. BAD

I have fi lm before.

2 I should have drunk less coffee before I went to bed last night. TOO

I couldn’t sleep because coffee

last night.

3 Sanjay wasn’t at work on time for the meeting. SO

Sanjay was that he missed the

meeting.

4 The train ticket home was too expensive. ENOUGH

We didn’t the train ticket home.

5 The classroom was so crowded that we had to turn people away. FIT

There were in the classroom.

6 The day was so lovely that everybody went to the beach instead of going to school.

SUCH

Nobody went to school because a lovely day.

3 For questions 1–8, read the text below and think of the word which best fi ts each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Interviews: answering the unanswerable question

Interviews are intended to evaluate a candidate’s personality in order (0)

determine their fi tness for a particular position. Imagine the interviewer asks you this question: ‘How many petrol stations are in the USA?’ You almost certainly have no idea (and, on the other (1) , the interviewer probably doesn’t either), but don’t panic (2) a correct answer is probably not really expected. It is questions such (3) this that give the interviewer an insight (4) your problem-solving abilities, amongst other things, so be enthusiastic, creative and enjoy the challenge. Your ability to think under pressure and deal with diffi cult situations will be on show, (5) will possibly have more impact than your beautifully written CV. So, don’t rush to answer and risk revealing your nervousness. (6) you need to do is take your time, think it through and only (7) attempt an answer. In (8) words, demonstrate a logical thought process. If you can, you’re halfway there.

(8)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

4 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the word in bold at the end of the sentence. 0 I love the huge windows in your house. They make it so light and . AIR

1 Thank you for such a good talk. It was both and entertaining. INFORM 2 This year’s autumn range includes a variety of coats and

scarves. WONDER; COLOUR

3 Mrs Naylor is retiring today after 25 years of service to the company. EXCEPTION 4 Your essay is but, with a little more research, it could have been much better. SATISFY 5 This is one of the more parts of the city to live in, with its good transport links. ATTRACT 6 The telecoms sector is increasingly as new firms continue to enter the market. COMPETE 7 I really enjoy golf, but the nearest club is so . They rarely accept new members. EXCLUDE

5 For questions 1–8, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

0 A for B to C with D on

Deanshouse Hotel

This is a hotel of two halves, with business guests treating themselves (0) a little luxury during the week, while couples enjoy romantic weekend breaks. (1) it is only minutes away from the busy Deansgate area, this elegant hotel is on a quiet side street, ensuring peace and quiet. A (2) schoolhouse, the hotel has kept the theme throughout, with photographs of old pupils on the walls and separate ‘boys’ and ‘girls’ staircases. The owners have also (3) to retain many original features, but have (4) modern touches like rich, deep carpets and large, comfortable beds to the cosy rooms, (5) everything a luxurious feel. The Oyster Café on the ground floor offers afternoon tea and a selection of tasty dishes. The staff are cheerful and welcoming, although the reception desk is tiny and service can become (6) at peak times. Room rates are not cheap, but prices (7) Sunday nights or during January and February are (8) .

1 A Despite B However C Although D Yet

2 A past B former C finished D previous

3 A managed B succeeded C achieved D reached

4 A increased B contained C improved D added

5 A making B giving C presenting D providing

6 A quick B delayed C hasty D rushed

7 A at B by C for D in

8 A reasonable B sensible C moderate D average

(9)

Progress test 5

1 For questions 1–8, read the text below and think

of the word which best fi ts each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Pain at the dentist’s

My daughter Kezia had to go (0) the dentist last week. The morning entirely lived up (1)

my expectations. As usual, Kezia tried everything to put (2) her visit. ‘Mummy, I feel sick.’ I pointed (3) she had tried this excuse last time. ‘Mummy, I’ve lost Jemima’ (her doll). In fact, I’d seen her put Jemima under the bed and quietly handed her (4) to Kezia. Finally, she tried hiding in the garden. She didn’t get away

(5) it, not in a bright pink dress. Naturally, when the dentist got started, it all turned (6)

to be a huge anti-climax. He was quick with the anaesthetic and she didn’t feel anything. She even gave a disapproving look when we heard another child screaming in protest, as if she thought ‘What’s all the fuss about?’ I bought her an ice cream to help her get

(7) the stress, although if I look (8)

now, I’m sure it was me who suffered most.

2 Correct any mistakes with the verbs in bold in these sentences. Some sentences are correct. 0 For people in big cities, evening classes are a great

way to know new people.

1 Anton knew English quickly because some of the lessons in his school were studied in English. 2 I’d really like to study economics at university. 3 Many students know a lot of English grammar

rules, but there’s more to a language than rules. 4 I only got to know the change of room number by

accident.

5 Everyone needs to assist the meeting at lunchtime. It’s very important.

6 More than 25,000 people are expected to join in the city marathon this year.

to

get to know

3 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given. 1 She can’t get a job in Paris because she doesn’t speak

French. LEARNED

If she be able to get a job

in Paris.

2 I might become rich, and then I’d travel the world. IF

I’d travel the world rich.

3 You’ll need to do plenty of reading to pass the exam. READ

You won’t pass the exam a

lot.

4 I don’t think you should travel on your own. YOU

If I travel on my own.

5 You can borrow my pen, but you must give it back later. LEND

I’ll you promise to give it

back later.

6 It’s a good thing we have a map with us, otherwise we’d be lost.

HAVE

We’d be lost a map with us.

4 Complete the sentences using the correct form of the word in bold at the end of the sentence.

0 What are the minimum you need to get a job in IT? QUALIFY

1 Have you got any of completing your assignment on time? INTEND

2 Iqbal is the person for timetabling classes. RESPOND

3 I’m afraid we need to make a tiny to your salary this month. ADJUST

4 In with other countries, Finnish children have quite short school days. COMPARE

5 There seems to be some about tomorrow, so can I remind everyone we begin at 9.00? CONFUSE

(10)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

6 Our new headteacher has managed to

improve the children’s a great deal. BEHAVE

7 We can get together any time next week. Do you

have any for which day? PREFER

8 I need your before I can spend any money on equipment. Could you sign here? APPROVE

5 You are going to read a newspaper article about schools running their own farms. For questions 1–5, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.

1 Before he started work on the farm, Jake A was always late for school.

B caused problems in his lessons. C knew very little about farming. D disliked having any responsibility.

2 What does Sam Connolly think is the farm’s main achievement?

A It has made teachers’ lives easier in class. B It has improved the students’ school

attendance.

C It has boosted the school’s academic performance.

D It has helped increase the range of subjects studied.

3 Mr Connolly’s ambition is for the farm to help students

A understand the whole process of food production.

B get employment in the food industry.

C appreciate the importance of the environment. D know more about the business side of

agriculture.

4 Why are students encouraged to pick and eat vegetables?

A to provide a healthier diet than they get at home

B to teach them important new practical skills C to reinforce a key piece of knowledge

D to demonstrate the poor quality of supermarket food

5 Professor Andrews thinks school farms A have changed children’s eating habits. B can help schools save money.

C should be part of the curriculum. D may have long-term health benefits.

School farms

More and more British schools are now running their own farms. There are now over 100, with another 100 more in the pipeline. One example is Hutton College in the north of England, which opened its farm in 2005. Here, students deal with all aspects of raising animals and growing vegetables. The working day starts at 7.30 am, two hours before lessons begin. Jake, 15, who used to hate waking up early for school, is now happy to do so. ‘I love looking after the animals even if I have to get up early.’ Jake also thinks the responsibility has made him a better student: ‘I don’t misbehave any more, and I find it easier to concentrate in class now.’

There are 1,200 pupils attending Hutton College. Sam Connolly, a science teacher, explains that although the school farm has helped improve the attitudes and behaviour of many of the students, overall it has also significantly improved results in subjects such as art, technology, maths and science. A number of school qualifications, including Agriculture Science and the Certificate in Animal Care, are now based on work done at the farm.

Mr Connolly emphasises that this is a real farm. It gives the school the opportunity to examine areas which are vital to today’s food industry, including better awareness of where food comes from, animal welfare, the importance of a balanced diet and the need to reduce waste. Students are involved in growing fruit and vegetables which are on sale in the college’s farm shop. ‘If I can get children to realise how farming works in reality and what it all means, from the farm to the dinner plate, I’ll be delighted,’ he says.

All those concerned agree that the main thing with food is knowing where it comes from, so students are urged to pick and eat produce grown in the college gardens. Eating vegetables picked fresh from the gardens is something new for students often more familiar with supermarket ready-meals. Everyone comments on the way the lettuces stay fresh a lot longer than pre-packaged supermarket versions.

Mr Connolly says he is often amazed at some students’ ignorance of farming. ‘Even something as basic as growing a few peas and discovering how much effort you have to put in to get results can have a powerful impact on people,’ he says. Professor Alex Andrews of Hutton University agrees. His research shows farms can improve students’ self-confidence, educate them in the importance of eating well throughout their lives, and teach them about where their dinner originally comes from. As he says, ‘All schools should be able to use farms to support their educational processes, even if this involves just looking after some chickens or growing vegetables for the school kitchens.’

(11)

Progress test 6

1 Complete each sentence with work or

job plus a word or phrase in the box. You do not need all of them.

badly paid challenging full-time manual part-time skilled temporary tiring well paid

0 It’s the most I’ve

ever had. I’m always totally exhausted by the end of the day.

1 In the UK, agricultural is often , despite the long hours in sometimes terrible weather. 2 Juan’s in IT is extremely

as there is so much to learn in such a short time.

3 A: Congratulations on your new !

B: Thanks. Unfortunately it’s only – a one-year contract. 4 I’ve always been good with my hands,

so I suppose it was inevitable I’d end up

doing .

5 Being an engineer is a highly . The training takes many years to complete.

2 Choose the correct word in italics in each sentence.

0 I can’t remember the last time I had so much fun / funny.

1 Isabel doesn’t think she has any possibility / occasion / opportunity of getting the job she applied for. 2 Don’t you think it’s fun / funny how it

rains every time there’s a public holiday? 3 The company is marking the possibility

/ occasion/opportunity of its 100th anniversary with a party.

4 I always thought Sean was a really fun / funny guy, always making jokes. It’s a pity he’s moved away.

5 Job possibilities / occasions /

opportunities like this are rare. If they want you to work in New York, say yes!

tiring job

3 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given.

1 Can you tell me about the times of trains to Rome tomorrow? INFORMATION

I’d like times to Rome

tomorrow.

2 While I was studying, my teacher advised me to get plenty of sleep. PIECE

My teacher gave me my

studies, which was to get plenty of sleep.

3 It was really expensive to buy the concert tickets for tonight. DEAL

Tonight’s concert tickets money.

4 We expect the meeting will be very popular, so please put out extra chairs.

NUMBER

Please put out extra chairs because we’re people at the meeting.

5 The fl ooding severely damaged the electrical system in my apartment block.

AMOUNT

The fl ooding caused a huge

to the electrical system in my apartment block.

6 If we’re lucky, we’ll have good weather for the picnic on Saturday. BIT

With a will stay fi ne for

the picnic on Saturday.

4 Each of the sentences below contains one mistake with a, an or the. Find and correct the mistake.

0 Jane has an experience working with a number of different environmental charities.

1 Sam is doing a research into alternative energy sources. 2 I hope we’ll have found a solution to the problem of the global

warming soon.

3 There’s a huge variety of the different species in the jungle.

4 Do you know how many different kinds of birds there are in a world? 5 I read recently that Brazilian government is trying to stop the

(12)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

6 There’s the fantastic nature programme on tonight. 7 The cars are responsible for most of the pollution in

cities.

8 I remember seeing a whale for first time – it was a fantastic experience.

9 The explorers survived on a food they found in the jungle.

10 Jo studied environmental science at the university before getting a job in Canada.

5 For questions 1–8, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Many employees get worn out at work, (0) what actually are the most physically and mentally demanding (1) out there? Police officers frequently take part (2) dangerous high-speed chases, but do they suffer (3) exhaustion than busy executives, who may have responsibility for the income of thousands of staff? And how do jobs with very long working hours, (4) as a lorry driver, compare?

The reasons why these jobs are exhausting may differ, but all three are at the top of the table of toughest jobs around, according to a new study. The report rates jobs based on a combination of working hours, stress and physical demands to calculate the eight (5)

generally demanding jobs.

So which career produces the largest (6) of tired-out employees? This year, firefighter is out in front by a huge margin (7) of its mixture of extended working hours, often in dangerous situations, and its responsibility for other people’s lives, not to mention (8) physical demands involved.

but

6 There are ten more spelling mistakes in this letter of complaint. Find and correct them.

Dear Sir or Madam,

I would like to take this oportunity to complain about the accomodation on my recent holiday organised by your company.

Firstly, there was no door on the bathroom, which, as you can imagine, caused some embarassing situations when taking a shower. Secondly, although the apartment was confortable, it was not as convenient for the beach as I beleive you claimed in the brochure, as it was necessary to take a bus there instead of the five minutes’ walk you promised. It was impossible to comunicate with the local representative at the begining of my stay because she was ill and there was nobody to replace her until the last five days. When she did arrive, the replacement representative did an excelent job of trying to find an alternative apartment, but was unsuccessful.

Overall, I did not enjoy the experience your company gave me and will not be able to recomend your company to my friends and family as you have asked me to do.

I would be greatful if you could provide me with a refund of the cost of the apartment.

I look foward to your reply, Anna Young opportunity 5 10 15 20

(13)

Progress test 7

1 Complete the sentences with appropriate verbs in the correct form. More than one answer may be possible.

1 The organisers have decided to the next city marathon in March instead of April. This year, 20,000 people and next year, 25,000 runners are expected to in this world-famous race.

2 Anyone who works regularly on computers should try to at least half an hour’s exercise per day.

3 Michele is keen to get fi t and now swimming four times a week. He used to football at the weekend, but gave that up after a knee injury.

4 Though I ... other sports as well, I’ve always found the best way to relax is to fi shing. I also golf for the fi rst time last week – it’s a good way of networking in business.

5 When I was at school, I part in lots of competitions with other schools.

6 If you are a sporting event, however small, publicity is the key to success.

2 For questions 1–8, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fi ts in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the

beginning (0).

First-time sailor

Sailing always looks so relaxing, doesn’t it? Out on some quiet lake without a care in the world. ‘What a (0) way to spend a summer’s day!’ I thought. As with many things that look easy, the (1) is different. The fi rst time I went out in my new boat I had a fairly

(2) time sailing around. There were a few (3) moments as I narrowly missed other boats, but I don’t think anyone noticed my (4) . The second time, foolishly, I had entered a beginners’ sailing (5) . I put the boat in the water and, (6)

to get going, I raised both sails. Unfortunately, I was quite (7) for the strong gust of wind that blew my boat on its side and me into the lake. This taught me a (8) lesson: make sure nobody is watching when you try a new sport!

CIVIL REAL ENJOY COMFORT EXPERIENCE COMPETE PATIENT PREPARE VALUE hold civilised

3 Complete each sentence with the verb in brackets in the correct form.

0 I’m bored with taking the train every day, so I’ve decided for another job nearer home. (look)

1 It’s no use about the result. My team won and yours lost. Better luck next time. (argue)

2 I’m really sorry, but I was too late a table at the restaurant tonight. (reserve)

3 We promised Jean Marc a lift to the station. (give)

4 I’m thinking of camping this weekend. Would you like to come? (go) 5 Not another language might

be the biggest mistake you ever make. (learn)

6 If you want more about our services, visit our website. (fi nd out) 7 at weekends is a terrible

way to spend your free time when the weather’s so nice, isn’t it? (study) 8 Diego is so bad at ; in

fact, he’s a good example of how not it. (ski; do)

9 Would you mind the time of our appointment tomorrow? (change)

(14)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

4 Complete each sentence with a word or phrase in the box in the correct form. You can use the words more than once.

hear listen listen to look look see watch 0 A: Can I help you?

B: Yes, I was for a black coat, something for the winter.

1 If you carefully, you can just the sound of the sea. It’s just over that hill.

2 I can’t meet you for a coffee. I have to go and my tutor at 11.00.

3 He doesn’t know anything about cars, so Mario needed a mechanic to at his when it broke down.

4 I had a really boring weekend. I just TV for hours. Nobody called at all.

5 These problems would never have happened if you’d me in the fi rst place.

5 You are going to read a magazine article about young athletes in Kenya. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A–G the one which fi ts each gap (1–6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

looking

4 Complete each sentence with a word or phrase in the

box in the correct form. You can use the words more than once.

hear listen listen to looklook look see watchlook look see watchlook 0 A: Can I help you?

B: Yes, I was for a black coat, something for the winter.

1 If you carefully, you can just the sound of the sea. It’s just over that hill.

2 I can’t meet you for a coffee. I have to go and my tutor at 11.00.

3 He doesn’t know anything about cars, so Mario needed a mechanic to at his when it broke down.

4 I had a really boring weekend. I just TV for hours. Nobody called at all.

5 These problems would never have happened if you’d me in the fi rst place.

5 You are going to read a magazine article about young

athletes in Kenya. Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A–G the one which fi ts each gap (1–6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.

looking looking

The school run

How Kenya’s athletics success begins with the daily trip to school

David and Ben had a long journey, over ten kilometres on foot every day, when they were at school in northern Kenya.

(1) David looks set to become another of Kenya’s famous long-distance runners, coming second in the 10,000 metres at the recent Paris games, while his brother was third in the same race.

Now, another group of students from the same school has to make the same daily journey. They have, however, been encouraged by the success of David and Ben – but with a difference. (2) Like David and Ben, 17-year-old Moses also faces a ten-kilometre journey to school, and his schedule would amaze many of those used to catching the bus or being driven to the school gates by parents.

His day starts with him preparing his own breakfast at fi ve o’clock, before setting out on his journey, and he aims to arrive at school by seven o’clock in the morning.

(3) Part of the journey takes him through a forest,

where wild animals, some very dangerous, live. The majority of the way is along muddy roads, with the further danger of fl ooded rivers. Occasionally the bridges he needs to cross are under water or even swept away.

On such days, he stays at home. On a bad day, this might mean going several kilometres before he even realises he can’t go any further. He then has to go all the way back.

(4) He is driven on by his desire to get a good education and has ambitions to become a doctor one day. According to Moses, there is nothing much good about his journey to work. The romantic idea of the Olympic stars developing their skills on their school journey is misleading. Outrunning dangerous animals and crossing fl ooded rivers to get to school do not really refl ect the reality for most students, though. Moses’ school can be found in one of the poorest parts of the country. It is very rural and lacks many of the basis facilities that many children will take for granted. Resources are scarce and the prospects for most children growing up in these conditions can be limited. (5) At Moses’ school there are currently two children who have been entered for the Kenyan National Athletics Championships. They hope to follow in the footsteps of the school’s most famous graduate, Gabriel Mburu.

As with many champions, Gabriel also ran to school. When he thinks back, he agrees that, despite it being an important part of his development as a runner, he would still have preferred an easier journey, given the choice. He wasn’t. He used to run two kilometres to school every morning, mainly because he was always late; then at lunchtime he ran back home and then went back to school in the afternoons, again running. (6) A champion marathon runner on three continents, he is targeting a gold medal at the next Olympics, and the Games after that, too, if all goes according to plan. If Gabriel has a golden future, it will have a lot to do with that daily journey to school.

A He doesn’t give up, though.

B In the end, though, this particular distance might be the basis for something unexpected.

C If that sounds tough enough, he has to deal with hazards most children never experience.

D Nowadays, such distances are nothing to him.

E For at least one of them, achieving sporting success is only part of the picture.

F This could give them an early start in becoming successful marathon runners in later life.

G Athletics success does offer hope, though, and the rewards can be huge for the lucky few.

(15)

Progress test 8

1 Complete each sentence with an appropriate verb in the correct form. More than one answer may be possible.

1 Anton for a job in marketing, but was unsuccessful as he any relevant experience.

2 My wife decided to her job in IT in order to train as a teacher.

3 Many schools offer work placements in companies so that students can work experience before they their careers.

4 I’ve been a fantastic job at a magazine. It means I can my ambition to become a journalist.

5 Unemployment has reached 15%. There are now nearly two million people a job.

6 Repeated injuries forced Robin to his career as a professional footballer and he has now decided to a career in coaching instead. 7 Lisa her singing career in 2009 with the

song ‘I missed you’.

8 My company asked me to start a new branch offi ce in London, but I the job as I didn’t want to move abroad. Since then, I’ve another job much nearer home.

2 Complete this blog extract about a theatre trip using the words in the box. One word is not used.

acting audience play performance public scene spectators stage

I recently attended a (0) of the new

(1) City Life at the Arthouse Theatre. The

(2) was absolutely fantastic, something I wasn’t expecting from a cast of unknown performers – and I’m so glad I got the chance to see it. The theatre itself has only just reopened to the (3)

after the fi re two years ago, so this represented an excellent choice as its fi rst production. The famous round

(4) is still there, which means the actors have nowhere to hide as the (5) have a 360-degree view. I won’t reveal the ending, but the fi nal

(6) will leave you in shock. Book now to avoid disappointment.

applied

performance

3 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given.

1 ‘I’m really sorry I forgot your birthday,’ said Julia. REMEMBERING

Julia apologised birthday.

2 ‘You must try that new restaurant, Emma,’ her friend said.

ADVISED Emma’s friend

the new restaurant.

3 ‘I wasn’t really sick when I took that day off school last week,’ said Jackie.

ILL

Jackie admitted she

the previous week.

4 ‘Don’t forget that your lesson will start at 9.00 instead of 10.00 on Monday,’ our teacher told us.

EARLIER

The teacher reminded us that our lesson on Monday.

5 ‘This isn’t how we get to George’s house,’ said Tony. KNOWING

Tony accused me

the way to George’s house.

6 ‘I don’t think you should drink so much coffee,’ said Alberto.

LESS

Alberto told me he coffee.

(16)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

4 Correct any mistakes in the sentences. Some sentences are correct. More than one answer might be possible. 0 Despite he is very inexperienced, I believe he has great

potential for the future.

1 It wasn’t the best restaurant I’ve been to. While it was cheap, so we can’t complain.

2 I’ve been incredibly busy all year, whereas Michael has done very little.

3 Despite of all the bad luck he’s had recently, Pepe is still one of the happiest people I know.

4 Even though leaving school without any qualifi cations, he has still achieved great success in his career. 5 Although a lot of money was spent on advertising it,

the product was unsuccessful at fi rst. However, sales improved last month.

5 You are going to read an article about four people who are involved in the annual Oscars ceremony. For questions 1–10, choose from the person (A–D). The people may be chosen more than once.

Which person

1 understands exactly how people will be feeling? 2 has to follow a certain rule?

3 wants to refl ect the past in their work this year? 4 mentions a simple formula for success?

5 is happy to trust people to do their job properly? 6 wants some of their work to go unnoticed? 7 was forced to change their procedure? 8 describes a skill they have perfected? 9 takes inspiration from the award ceremony? 10 mentions the impact of technology on their work?

Although

4 Correct any mistakes in the sentences. Some sentences

are correct. More than one answer might be possible. 0 DespiteDespite he is very inexperienced, I believe he has great

potential for the future.

1 It wasn’t the best restaurant I’ve been to. While it was cheap, so we can’t complain.

2 I’ve been incredibly busy all year, whereas Michael has done very little.

3 Despite of all the bad luck he’s had recently, Pepe is still one of the happiest people I know.

4 Even though leaving school without any qualifi cations, he has still achieved great success in his career. 5 Although a lot of money was spent on advertising it,

the product was unsuccessful at fi rst. However, sales improved last month.

5 You are going to read an article about four people

who are involved in the annual Oscars ceremony. For questions 1–10, choose from the person (A–D). The people may be chosen more than once.

Which person

1 understands exactly how people will be feeling? 2 has to follow a certain rule?

3 wants to refl ect the past in their work this year? 4 mentions a simple formula for success?

5 is happy to trust people to do their job properly? 6 wants some of their work to go unnoticed? 7 was forced to change their procedure? 8 describes a skill they have perfected? 9 takes inspiration from the award ceremony? 10 mentions the impact of technology on their work?

Although Although

The people behind the Oscars

Every year, Hollywood awards its greatest prizes, the Oscars, to the best in the movie business. We meet four of the people who make it such a special night.

A The Oscar maker

Each Oscar statue takes 30 hours to make and the whole process is done by hand. We produce between 30 and 40 statues a year, then fl y them to Los Angeles. They used to go by truck, but some years ago, a set was stolen from one, so air transport seems much safer. We also offer a maintenance service for past winners. They can easily

get a few scratches over the years and, of course, a lot of actors live near the sea; sea air is not good for Oscar. People are always asking to buy a copy of the statue, but we have to say no; we’re not allowed to sell them to anyone.

B The party organiser

All good parties are identical. A guest wants to see a few old friends and some people they would be pleased to meet. Most of my work is about making this possible. The magazine has been holding this event since 1989, and it has always aimed at getting people from every area – the movies, music, books, sports and politics – under one roof to enjoy Hollywood’s most important day of the year. We start discussing who to invite months ahead and get a huge number requests for invitations. It used to mean hundreds of phone calls, but now it’s mostly emails. It’s impossible to fi t everyone in, so we have learned to be good at turning people down politely.

C The chef

Because many of them eat in my restaurants, I know a lot of fi lm stars. I also know that on Oscars’ night they’re going to be starving when I serve dinner, because nobody eats after breakfast, and dinner isn’t until late. There will be hundreds of chefs working in the kitchen and it can be extremely loud, but I stay quite relaxed most of the time; after all, these people – my top chefs – know how to cook. We always have Oscar-themed food on the menu: chocolate Oscars are popular. I also like to include ingredients linked to the fi lms – say, something typically English if an English fi lm has been nominated – to see if anyone notices the connection. Normally food at these huge parties is horrible, but we aim to be as good as any restaurant.

D The fl orist

This year, I’m doing the fl owers for a party with a 1950s theme. I want the fl owers to mirror the music of the time, so there’ll be lots of bright colours to remind guests of lively rock and roll music. There are 140 tables to decorate, so it’s a huge occasion – it has to be because Hollywood is all about big occasions. Although planning begins months before, the fl owers themselves only arrive two days before the Oscars’ night, so what can be done in advance is limited. Everything has to be done quickly and effi ciently, but there is always a crisis -– people get sick, there are accidents. All I have to do is make sure nobody sees.

(17)

Progress test 9

1 Complete each sentence with stay, spend, pass, make, cause or have in the correct form.

1 The long, hot summer a lot of problems for gardeners, but it a fantastic effect on tourism.

2 You too much time playing computer games these days. No wonder you’ve got a headache. 3 Simon a few problems with understanding

how to use his new smartphone.

4 My friend wanted to leave early because the fi lm was boring, but we and it did get better. 5 The home team’s strategy it diffi cult for

the visitors to score a goal and the match ended in a draw.

6 A truck has broken down in the town centre, which huge traffi c jams in all directions.

7 While waiting for her friends to arrive yesterday, Aileen the time doing some work in the garden. 8 My two daughters all their money on

clothes and now they want me to buy them some more.

2 For questions 1–6, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the fi rst sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and fi ve words, including the word given.

1 We’re very busy today, so there’s a chance I’ll have to work late.

MAY

I leave work on

time as we’re very busy today. 2 I expect that’s Pete calling. MUST

That the phone.

3 It would have been easy for me to collect that dry cleaning for you.

COULD

I up that dry

cleaning for you.

4 It’s possible that Harry went to the shops to get something for dinner tonight.

MIGHT

Harry shopping

for tonight’s dinner.

caused

5 I expect being motivated when you work from home is diffi cult.

CAN’T

It yourself when

you work from home.

6 The only way for Mr Cazorla to get here is by train because there are no fl ights.

COMING

There are no fl ights, so Mr Cazorla the train.

3 Correct any mistakes in the sentences. Some sentences are correct.

0 Congratulations on winning your fi rst 10,000 metres race. You might be very pleased.

1 He might not be driving here tomorrow. He hasn’t got a driving licence or a driver.

2 If you don’t hurry up and fi nish that essay, you might have to complete it for homework.

3 As long as there are no more delays, we can be landing in Madrid in one hour.

4 Claudia must have taken your keys by mistake when she left. These are hers.

5 A: The lights are out and nobody is answering the door. There couldn’t be anyone at home. B: There might be. Try the door one more time.

Perhaps they’re in the garden at the back.

4 For questions 1–8, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fi ts each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Example:

0 A danger B risk C threat D possibility

A medical miracle?

It can reduce your (0) of health problems, improve mental capacity and (1) the country by helping to cut the amount we (2) on health services. Furthermore, it’s simple to take, works immediately, (3) no harmful ingredients and there’s no need to (4) it with a doctor before you get some.  What is it? Exercise – the miracle cure we’re continually trying to fi nd, but which we’ve always had right under our noses. For some reason, we often forget to (5) time for this particular medicine and our health suffers the (6) . However old you may be, there’s plenty of (7) that those who participate in regular physical activity not only enjoy healthier lives, they feel happier too. If exercise came in a pill, it would be among the most (8)

medicines invented. Does anyone really need to be told to do it? must

(18)

2 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

1 A gain B advance C benefi t D advantage

2 A invest B spend C pay D use

3 A contains B encloses C covers D involves

4 A consider B speak C discuss D talk

5 A prepare B do C make D build

6 A results B outcomes C conclusions D consequences 7 A support B evidence C foundation D suggestion 8 A effective B effi cient C capable D helpful

5 You are going to read an article. For questions 1–6, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fi ts best according to the text.

Secrets of the human face

Forget about your phone for a few minutes and take a look at the most successful and important communications gadget you will ever own: your face. It is easy to overlook just how complex and sophisticated our faces are, simply because we spend so much of our time looking out from them, but think what the face is capable of: showing the whole range of our emotions, yet often also hiding our feelings – the list is long.

All human faces are basically the same, with the same set of features, but they send out an incredible number of different signals to others. In addition to communications, the face is where you see, hear, breathe and speak. Because all faces are so alike, the brain needs to be very well organised to notice the often minor differences between other people’s faces – especially between family members who may well be almost identical – minute by minute.

Research suggests that it only takes a newborn baby a few days to be able to identify faces that are important to their lives. There appears to be an instinct to notice faces and to pay attention to their features and appearance. But doesn’t the ability to identify and to store in our memories the faces of our closest relatives then mean that we as adults will become skilled at face

recognition where strangers are involved? In fact the opposite is true. We are often little better than babies in that respect.

A key area where face recognition lets us and others down, sometimes with very serious consequences, is as eyewitnesses to crimes where we are asked after days, or even weeks, to identify a face, one we may have seen for a few moments in a highly stressed situation. In these situations, it is becoming clear that people have over the years made huge numbers of mistakes, and punished innocent individuals primarily because people struggle to recognise the faces of unfamiliar people. Is technology a better option?

The movie industry has created many myths about the ability of cameras to recognise people. In fact, fi nding and identifying one face amongst many is hard. With current technology, the face must be at a good angle, as well as not covered by anything, but in real life cameras are often placed at heights where the only thing visible is the top of a head. In the right circumstances, current technology can indeed identify almost anybody if they are on the database, but, just as fi ngerprint experts won’t fi nd anything if someone wears gloves, face recognition is hopeless if the subject is looking away.

Although we tend not to think that much about them, mainly because they are all around us, faces attract us, whether they are familiar or not. From birth, we’re attracted to faces because we learn that they send out many important social signals and give us vital information. They let you know whether another person is listening to you or being friendly towards you, and they sometimes tell you if the other person is someone you’ve already met, in order to spare either of you any embarrassment.

(19)

Progress test 9

1 What does the writer say about our faces in the first paragraph? A We are often unaware of how other people see them.

B We need to realise how important they are to communication. C We tend to forget the variety of functions they can perform. D We should remember how much they reflect our inner feelings.

2 According to the second paragraph, what is the difficulty we have with recognising different faces?

A People’s faces frequently change shape. B There are very few differences between faces. C Certain faces are easier to recognise than others.

D It’s hard for our brains to notice all the messages faces give us. 3 the opposite is true in line 15 refers to

A the way people recognise family members. B our inability as adults to recognise strangers. C changes in the way we remember faces.

D how an adult’s memory for faces is worse than a baby’s. 4 What is the main reason why eyewitnesses are unreliable? A They lack an important ability.

B People soon forget what they saw. C There is too much pressure on them.

D The original circumstances are often unfavourable. 5 Why is camera technology similar to fingerprinting? A They both rely on one key factor.

B They are both shown inaccurately in movies. C They both need skilled operators to be successful. D They are both using new technology to develop. 6 Why do we find faces attractive?

A We develop this instinct when we are born.

B They tell us more about people than conversation does. C We find it harder to communicate without visual signals. D They give clues about how we’re getting on with someone.

(20)

1 Complete First Second Edition by Guy Brook-Hart © Cambridge University Press 2014 PHOTOCOPIABLE

Progress test 10

1 Complete the sentences with as or like.

0 Birds such the swift can spend up to two years in the air without landing.

1 a new member of staff, you’ll be working with a more experienced colleague at fi rst.

2 Raphael has now worked an architect for 25 years.

3 We found the prices on holiday were about the same they are here at home.

4 I can’t stand it when my kids do things leaving their clothes on the fl oor.

5 you know, we have a lot to do today, so don’t expect to be leaving before six o’clock.

6 Lucy was regarded unreliable by her manager she was always late for work. 7 It does look my house, I agree, but it hasn’t

got a green door, see?

8 Why don’t nurses earn much money footballers? It seems very unfair.

2 Complete the conversation with arrive, get or reach in the correct form.

A: How was your trip? Did you (0) to the airport in time?

B: By the time we (1) we only had 15 minutes to check in.

A: What a nightmare!

B: Oh, that was just the beginning! We fi nally (2) the front of the queue, only to be told the fl ight had already left. I didn’t think we were ever going to (3) there.

A: So what happened?

B: Well, the airline put us on a late fl ight and we fi nally (4) in Florence just after midnight. We didn’t (5) at our hotel until about two in the morning. It wasn’t much of a weekend away. In fact, I was glad to (6) home at the end of it.

as

get

3 Complete the sentences with a verb from box A in the correct form and one or more suitable prepositions from box B.

A cater chill come come cut hang pop pick pull take wear

B against around down for in into on out out over up up up with with 0 Martha and José have a lot of

problems in restoring their old house. 1 Successful TV soaps are still

millions of viewers, although it’s harder to

younger viewers nowadays with all the online entertainment available.

2 After the fi lm fi nished, I my friends for about half an hour and then my mother

came to me in the car.

3 Done! The fl oors are clean, the windows are clean. Everything’s clean. Now can we just

for a minute.

4 I’m just town to do a bit of

shopping. Do you need anything?

5 Andy is trying to lose some weight, so he’s fried food and eating more vegetables.

6 Akiko spent all morning cooking. By the time her guests arrived for lunch, she was

.

7 If you can’t fi nish the job, I’m happy to from you.

8 Arnold a brilliant plan

to save the company. He fi red himself. come up against

Figure

Updating...

References

Updating...

Related subjects :