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Copyright 2010 Gemcom Software International Inc. (Gemcom).

This software and documentation is proprietary to Gemcom and, except where expressly provided otherwise, does not form part of any contract. Changes may be made in products or services at any time without notice.

Gemcom publishes this documentation for the sole use of Gemcom licensees. Without written permission you may not sell, reproduce, store in a retrieval system, or transmit any part of the documentation. For such permission, or to obtain extra copies please contact your local Gemcom office or visit www.gemcomsoftware.com.

While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this manual, we assume no

responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damage resulting from the use of the information contained herein.

Gemcom Software International Inc. Gemcom, the Gemcom logo, combinations thereof, and Whittle, Surpac, GEMS, Minex, Gemcom InSite and PCBC are trademarks of Gemcom Software International Inc. or its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

Product

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Table of Contents

Introduction 9 Overview 9 Requirements 9 Document Conventions 9 Typographical Conventions 9 Keyboard Conventions 9 Menu Conventions 10 Mouse Conventions 10 Forms 11 Elements of Forms 12 Getting Started 13

Installing Surpac v6.2 from a CD 13

Activity: Install Surpac 13

Starting Surpac 14

Activity: Start Surpac 14

Licencing Surpac 14

Activity: Licence Surpac 14

Setting the Work Directory 16

Activity: Set the Work Directory (Windows XP) 16

Activity: Set the Work Directory (Windows Vista or Windows 7) 17

Exiting Surpac 17

Activity: Exit Surpac 17

Modifying the Surpac Desktop Icon 18

Activity: Modify the Surpac Icon to Set the Work Directory Automatically 18

Switches 19 Review 21 Questions 21 Exercises 21 Surpac Concepts 22 Overview 22

Surpac Data Types 22

Function-centric vs Data-centric Operations 23

Function-centric 23

Data-centric 23

Review 24

Questions 24

Exercises 24

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Menus 27

Activity: Open a File Using the Menu 27

Toolbars 28

Activity: Use the Reset Graphics Button from the Toolbar 28

Navigator 28

Activity: Open a File from the Navigator 28

Preview Pane 30

Activity: Display a String File in the Preview Pane 30

Legend Pane 30

Graphics 31

Activity: Display and View Data in Graphics 31

Properties Pane 31

Layers Pane 32

Status Bar 32

Activity: View Changes to the Status Area 32

Message Window 32

Activity: Clear the Message Window 32

Multiple Viewports 33

Activity: Work with Multiple Viewports 33

Using and Creating Profiles 37

Activity: Select the geology_database Profile 37

Activity: Saving your Customisations to a Profile 38

Activity: Restoring the Default Profile 39

Review 39

Questions 39

Exercises 39

Advanced Interface Operations 41

Menu Bars, Menus and Commands 41

Displaying and Customising Menu Bars 41

Activity: Create a Customised Menu Bar 42

Customising Toolbars and Buttons 44

Activity: Display Toolbars and Create a Customised Toolbar 44

Activity: Creating a Custom Button to Put on a Toolbar 46

Using the Function Chooser 47

Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser 47

Working with Forms 47

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Configuring Windows and Panes in the Interface 49

Toggle floating 49

Toggle auto-hide 49

Close 50

Default Preferences 51

Task: Changing setting in Defaults Preferences 52

Review 54

Questions 54

Exercises 54

Getting Help 55

Field Help and Form Help 55

Activity: Access Field Help and Form Help 55

Online Help 57

Activity: Access Online Help from a Form 57

Activity: Access Help from the Help Menu 58

Activity: Use the Index to Search for Information 59

Activity: Search the Online help 60

Tutorials 62

Activity: Access the Tutorials Profile 63

Support 64

Activity: Find Support Office Contact Details 64

Software Request 65

Activity: Log a software request 65

Review 67

Questions 67

Exercises 68

Managing Data in Layers 69

Layers and the Surpac Work Area 69

Creating Layers 69

Activity: Create Layers 69

Appending Data to a Layer 75

Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Navigator 75

Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Open File Command 77

Replacing Data in a Layer 80

Activity: Replace Data in a Layer with the Navigator 80

Activity: Replace Data in a Layer Using the Open File Command 82

Saving Workspace Settings 84

Activity: Save a Workspace 84

Review 87

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Exercises 87

Strings 89

String Data Hierarchy 89

Types of Strings 90

Description Fields 90

Data Numbering 90

Data Ranges 90

String File Names 91

String Directions 91

Viewing String Data 92

Activity: View String Data 92

String File Structure 95

Activity: View String Data in a Text Editor 95

Review 96

Questions 96

Exercises 96

Viewing and Saving Data 98

Attributes and Styles Files 98

Activity: Change Display Style 98

Activity: View Point Properties 104

Activity: View Segment Properties 105

Activity: Determine Bearing and Distance Between Two Points 106

Saving Data 108

Activity: Save a File 108

The Display Menu 109

Task: Using the Display Menu 111

Viewing and Saving Data Review 112

Questions 112

Exercises 112

Editing Data 114

Orbit Mode 114

Activity: Use Orbit Mode to Rotate Data 114

Selection Modes 114

Activity: Change Selection Modes 114

Activity: Use Point/Triangle Mode to Delete Points 116

Activity: Use Segment/Trisolation Mode to Reverse Segments 117

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Activity: Move Data in a Plane 131

Activity: Move Data in Three Dimensions 132

The Edit Menu 134

String Maths 135

Activity: Convert Ore Zone Interpretations from Section Coordinates to Plan (Real-World)

Coordinates 136

Activity: Move a Pit 200 Metres North to Correct Survey Station Error 139

Activity: Create a Cut Off Grade 140

Further Examples of String maths functions 146

Review 147

Questions 147

Exercises 147

Creating Data 148

The Create Menu 148

Snap Mode 148

Simple Underground Mine Design 151

Task: To Create an Underground decline centreline with cross-cuts 151

Create a Simple Pit Design 153

Activity: Create a Simple Pit Design 153

Review 165

Questions 165

Exercises 165

File Tools 167

Applying a Boundary String 167

Activity: Apply a Boundary String to a Soil Sampling File 167

Classifying Strings 169

Activity: Display Soil Samples using String Classification 169

Transforming data 173

2D Transformations 173

Activity: Transform a Pit to a Different Coordinate System 173

Polygon Intersection 176

Activity: Intersect Polygons to Calculate the Area of an Ore Body within a Pit Boundary 176

Activity: Clip Ore Blocks Inside a Pit 180

Review 182

Questions 182

Exercises 182

Triangulated Surfaces 184

Surface Modelling Concepts 184

Naming Conventions 185

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Breaklines and Spot Heights 185

DTM Data Preparation 186

Cleaning Data 186

Normalising Data 187

Smoothing Data 187

Graphical vs File-based options 188

Creating a DTM Surface 189

Activity: Create a DTM — Graphics based Method 189

Activity: Create a DTM — File Based Method 191

Viewing a DTM Surface 194

Activity: View a DTM in Graphics 194

Viewing Transparent Surfaces 195

Calculate The Volume Between Two DTMs. 197

Creating a Boundary String Between Two DTM Surfaces 202

Activity: Create a Boundary String - File-based Method 202

Activity: Create a Boundary String - Graphics-based Method 204

Calculating Cut and Fill Volume Using DTM Surfaces 205

Activity: Calculate Cut and Fill Volumes Between Two DTMs 205

Solids 206

Activity: View a Solid Model 206

Activity: Create and Validate a Solid Model 207

Activity: Calculate a Volume for a Solid Model 216

Review 218

Questions 218

Exercises 219

Plotting with Autoplot 220

Activity: Produce a Plot of a Pit Using Autoplot 220

Review 222

Questions 222

Exercises 223

More Surpac Functions 224

Drillhole Database 224

Activity: Open a Database, Display the Drill Holes and Create Sections 224

Block Models 228

Activity: Display, Constrain, and Report a Block Model 228

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Introduction Typographical Conventions

Introduction

Overview

This document is designed to help new or prospective users install Surpac and start using the software. More detailed training information is available within the software and from your local support office.

Requirements

Before proceeding with this tutorial, ensure you have the following items: 1. A copy of Surpac v6.1 for installation.

This is usually installed from a CD, but you can also download the software from the http://www.gemcomsupport.com web site.

2. A suitable computer with a CD ROM drive.

Minimum Recommended

Windows XP Professional XP Professional or Vista

RAM 512 Mbytes 1-4 Gbytes

Processor P4 >1.75 gigahertz (GHz) P4 Duo >2.5 GHz

Graphics card

A graphics adapter with 256 MB memory, from a major

manufacturer such as NVIDIA or ATI.

An NVIDIA or ATI graphics card, separate from the motherboard, with 512 MB memory.

3. The data set accompanying this tutorial.

Document Conventions

Typographical Conventions

Some text in this manual has special formatting to identify it as a particular element of information. The following list describes the different formats and their meanings:

Text Format Meaning

<Bold Italic>

Text or data that varies with each input is shown in italic font and enclosed in angle brackets. Some examples are installation directories, dates, names and passwords. When you substitute the text for the variable, do not include the brackets. For example:<password>requires you to substitute a password in place of ‘<password>’.

Italics A word or phrase to which the author wants to give emphasis. For example: youmustselect an

item from the list to continue.

Bold

This typeface indicates one of the following:

l A file name, path or URL.

l Strongly emphasized text. For example, “It isvery importantto save the data

[…]”.

l Text that a procedure has instructed you to type.

l A menu option, tab, button, check box, list, option button, text box or icon.

For example: Drag and drop the filepit1.strinto graphics.

Keyboard Conventions

Key Combination Meaning

<key>+<key> Press and hold down the first key, then press the second key. For example: CTRL+Z means hold the CTRL key down, then press Z.

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Introduction Menu Conventions

Menu Conventions

In this documentation, the following example demonstrates the syntax used for menus and submenus:

ChooseFile > Open > Block model.

This means click theFilemenu, move the cursor over theOpencommand and then selectBlock modelon the submenu.

Mouse Conventions

Action Description

Click Quickly press and release the left mouse button without moving the mouse. Right-click Press and release the right mouse button without moving the mouse. Double-click Without moving the mouse, click the left button twice rapidly. Drag and drop<an

object>

With the cursor over the object, press and hold down the left mouse button to select the object. Move the mouse until the cursor is in the position you want and then release the mouse button.

Drag Press and hold down the left mouse button. Then move the mouse in the direction that the text specifies.

Right drag Press and hold down the right mouse button. Then move the mouse in the direction that the text specifies.

Rotate Use your finger to make the wheel button roll. Move it forward, that is in a clockwise direction, or backward, that is in an anticlockwise direction.

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Introduction Forms

Forms

Formscontain several components that you will use to provide information to Surpac:

1. Title 4. Combo box or Drop-down list 7. Help

2. Tab 5. Radio button or Option button 8. Check box

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Introduction Elements of Forms

Elements of Forms

Forms can contain the following elements:

Element Description Example

1. Title Title of the dialogue box.

2. Tab Labelled group of options used for many similar kinds of settings.

3. Text box

Rectangular box in which you can type text. If the box already contains text, you can select that text and edit it.

4. Combo box or Drop-down list

Closed version of a list box with an arrow next to it. Clicking the arrow opens the list.

5. Radio button or Option button

Round button you can use to select one of a group of mutually exclusive options.

6. Label Text attached to any option, box, button, or to any other element of a window or dialogue box. 7. Help Context sensitive help button.

8. Check box Square box that you select or clear to turn an option on or off.

9. Button

Rectangular or square button that initiates an action. Buttons have text labels to indicate their purpose.

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Getting Started Activity: Install Surpac

Getting Started

Installing Surpac v6.2 from a CD

Activity: Install Surpac

1. Insert the CD into your computer’s CD-ROM drive and the installation menu will appear.

Note: If the installation menu does not appear, use Windows Explorer to navigate to the CD and double-clickAutorun.exe.  You will see the following page:

2. ClickNext.

3. When you are prompted to clickNext, do so.

4. When you are prompted to accept the licence agreement, clickAccept, and then click

Next.

Note: Youmustaccept the terms of the license agreement or the installation will not continue.

5. When prompted to choose an installation directory, select the default installation direc-tories.

Note: Although you can use theChange…option to select other destination folders for the program, it is recommended that you use the default locations.

6. When prompted to enter a product, ensure thatSurpacis selected, and clickNext. 7. ClickInstall, and then clickFinishwhen theFinishbutton becomes available.

Note: There is no limit on the number of computers on which you can install Surpac. There are certain functions which can be performed without a license (mostly opening and displaying data), but the majority of functions (any which produce some sort of output) require a valid license.

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Getting Started Activity: Start Surpac

Starting Surpac

Activity: Start Surpac

Start Surpac, using either of these methods:

l Double-click the Surpac icon on your desktop.

l ClickStart, selectAll Programs, and thenGemcom Software,and thenSurpac 6.1.

Licencing Surpac

The instructions below are for installing a single user licence. In order to proceed, you will need:

l Surpac v6.2 installed, as previously described. l A USB or parallel sentinel.

l A valid token number.

If you do not have all of these, please contact your local support office.

Activity: Licence Surpac

1. Insert the sentinel into a USB or parallel port as appropriate. 2. Start Surpac.

If the Surpac interface is displayed, you already have a valid licence. Proceed to step 6. If you see the form below, a valid licence does not exist.

3. Selectlocal, and then clickApply.

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Getting Started Activity: Licence Surpac

5. ClickApply.

To review licence details, or enter a new token number: a. ChooseFile > Licencing > Change/Inspect licence. b. After reviewing or updating the licence details, clickApply.

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Getting Started Activity: Set the Work Directory (Windows XP)

Setting the Work Directory

Awork directoryis the default directory for saving Surpac files. Files used in this tutorial are stored in the folder:

<installation directory>\demo_data\tutorials\introduction

where<installation directory>is the directory in which Surpac was installed.

Activity: Set the Work Directory (Windows XP)

1. In the Surpac Navigator, right-click theintroductionfolder. 2. SelectSet as work directory.

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Getting Started Activity: Set the Work Directory (Windows Vista or Windows 7)

Activity: Set the Work Directory (Windows Vista or Windows 7)

1. In the Surpac Navigator, right-click theintroductionfolder. 2. SelectSet as work directory.

The name of the work directory is displayed in the title bar of the Surpac window.

Exiting Surpac

Activity: Exit Surpac

Exit Surpac, using either of these two methods:

l ChooseFile > Exit.

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Getting Started Activity: Modify the Surpac Icon to Set the Work Directory Automatically

Modifying the Surpac Desktop Icon

All of the files in this tutorial are stored in a specific directory. Each time you start Surpac, you will need to have the working directory set to that folder. The following steps describe how to create an icon that automatically sets the working directory when you start Surpac.

Tip: You can create multiple Surpac desktop icons with different properties.

Activity: Modify the Surpac Icon to Set the Work Directory Automatically

1. Move the cursor over the Surpac icon on your desktop.

2. Hold down the right mouse button, drag and release. 3. From the popup menu, selectCopy Here.

A copy of the original icon is created:

4. Right-click the new Surpac icon, and selectProperties. 5. In theStart infield on theShortcuttab, enter

<install_directory>\demo_data\tutorials\introduction

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Getting Started Activity: Modify the Surpac Icon to Set the Work Directory Automatically

6. ClickOK.

7. Right-click the icon you have just modified and selectRename. Alternatively, theF2key can be used as a shortcut.

8. TypeSurpac Surveyingand pressENTER. The icon will appear with the new name:

9. Double-click this icon to start Surpac.

The work directory is automatically set when Surpac starts up.

Switches

Various switches can be added to the end of theTargetline in the Desktop icon to control how Surpac operates, for example to change the profile (screen setup with menus & toolbars) you can add a profile as follows:

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Getting Started Activity: Modify the Surpac Icon to Set the Work Directory Automatically

1. Right-click the new Surpac icon, and selectProperties.

2. In theTargetfield on theShortcuttab, append -profile block_modelat the end.

C:\SurpacMinex\Surpac_60\nt_i386\bin\surpac2.exe -profile block_model

3. ClickOK.

The –profile switch is very useful after you have set up your own profiles. More advanced settings to be aware of are:

Switch Description

-transfollowed by a nominated

translation file. Will allow Surpac to start with a particular Translation file.

-lm **local** This will start Surpac and only search for a local sentinel. (lm stands for licence manager).

-lm <ip address> This will start Surpac and only search for a server with that ip address. Examplemacro.tcl arg1 arg2 This will start Surpac and run examplemacro.tcl in the startup directory

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Getting Started Questions

Review

Questions

1. What is a working directory?

2. What does modifing the 'Start in:' line in the Surpac icon properties do?

3. Why would you want to have multiple desktop icons for the same version of Surpac? 4. Does Surpac need a valid surpac dongle/network license to run?

5. On how many computers can Surpac be installed? 6. What is needed to run a licensed copy of Surpac?

Exercises

1. Determine if your copy of Surpac is licensed for a particular module. A. Start Surpac.

B. ChooseFile>Licencing>Change /Inspect Licence. C. View the current licensing details.

Question:

i. Is your copy of Surpac licensed to use the Autoplot module? 2. Run Surpac without a license.

A. Start Surpac.

B. ChooseFile>Licencing>Change /Inspect Licence.

C. When theLicense Requestform is displayed, selectnone. D. In the function chooser, type: FUNCTION LIST, and press Enter.

E. In the current working directory, open the filesurpac2.txt.

All of the functions available without a licence are listed under thenone mod-ule.

Questions:

Use the filesurpac2.txtto answer the following questions. i. Can you display a 2D grid without a Surpac license? ii. Can you run Autoplot without a license?

3. Start Surpac in a specific folder from a desktop icon. A. Exit Surpac.

B. Using Windows Explorer, create a new folder (for example: C:\MyData). C. Create a new icon on the desktop by copying and pasting an existing icon. D. Right click on the new icon and chooseProperties.

E. Edit the Properties so that Surpac automatically starts in theMyDatafolder. F. Change the name on the icon toSurpac _MyData.

G. Double-click the icon. Question:

i. Does Surpac start up in the correct folder?

ii. Setup the Surpac icon to look for a local licence only. A. Exit Surpac.

B. Right click on the Surpac icon and chooseProperties.

C. Edit theTargetline, by appending the Licence Manager "local" switch. D. Start up Surpac.

Question:

i. Under what circumstances would you need to use the license Manager "local" switch?

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Surpac Concepts Exercises

Surpac Concepts

Overview

In this chapter, you will learn about:

l Surpac data types.

l Function-centric vs data-centric operations.

Surpac Data Types

Surpac uses many different file types. Each file type is represented by a unique icon in the Navigator. Following is a list of the most common file types used in Surpac:

File type Example Description

String pit1.str A string is a sequence of three-dimensional coordinates representing some physical feature.

DTM pit1.dtm

Digital Terrain Model (DTM) files are generated from.strfiles and can represent surfaces or solids. A DTM surface is a set of triangles that represent a surface such as topography or a pit design. A solid model is a set of triangles that represents a 3D shape, such as an ore zone or an underground mine design. Geological

database surpac.ddb

Drillhole database (DDB) files are used to connect to relational drillhole databases. It is a text file that tells Surpac which tables and fields to read from the database.

Survey

database ug_mine.sdb

Survey database (SDB) files are used to connect to relational survey databases. It is a text file that tells Surpac which tables and fields to read from the database.

Block model block.mdl

A Block Model is a form of spatially-referenced database that provides a means for modelling a 3D body from point and interval data such as drillhole sample data. It provides a method for estimating volume, tonnage, and average grade of a 3D body from sparse drillhole data.

Plot files pit_str.dwf

The files output from the Plotting module are in DWF format. You can open and edit them in the Surpac plotting window or send them to a plot device such as a Plotter.

Macros macro.tcl

Macros are custom programs, created to perform a set of repetitive tasks or functionality specific to an operation. You can easily record and edit TCL scripts in Surpac.

Plugins topo2.dxf

This icon identifies a type of file that you can import directly into Surpac. For example, you can import any file that has one of the following extensions:.dxf, .dwg,.dgn,.dm,.shp,.dgd.

Styles file styles.ssi Surpac styles files contain information such as drawing styles, colour settings for strings and DTMs, or default Surpac settings.

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Surpac Concepts Function-centric

Function-centric vs Data-centric Operations

Many graphical operations in Surpac can be performed more quickly via a data-centric approach - by selecting the data first, then specifying an operation to be performed on the data.

Function-centric

When you invoke a function first, and then specify the data you want to use, you are performing a

function centricoperation.

For example, when you click the icon toOpena file , Surpac displays a form. Then you select the file to be opened.

You can perform nearly all operations using the function-centric approach. For non-graphical operations, this is often the only option.

For example, to calculate volumes between two DTM surfaces, you must use the function-centric approach, such as by selectingCut and Fill between DTMsfrom theVolumesmenu.

Data-centric

When you select data first, and then specify the function to be applied to the data, you are performing adata centricoperation.

For example, when you right-click a file, a popup menu is displayed. You then choose the operation to be performed – such asOpen.

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Surpac Concepts Questions

Many graphical operations are quicker and easier to perform using the data-centric approach. For example, you can select data in a string file, and then right-click to display functions that Surpac can perform on the data.

Review

Questions

1. What is a function-centric operation?

2. How are functions accessed in a data-centric operation? 3. How many different surpac file types can you name?

Exercises

For these exercises, set the Work Directory to/demo_data/tutorials/introduction. 1. Identify file types by icons.

A. In theNavigator, identify and open each of the following file types:

l String File

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Surpac Concepts Exercises

l Block Model

l Geological Database.

2. Selecting data in graphics.

A. Openbench105.strintoGraphics. B. Using the select tool, select a segment. C. Right click inGraphics.

Question:

i. What happens to the way a segment is displayed when it is selected? 3. More selecting.

A. Using the same data inGraphics. B. Using the select tool, select a point. C. Right click inGraphics.

Question:

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The Surpac Interface Exercises

The Surpac Interface

So that you can see the Surpac interface with some data files in the Navigator, ensure that you have started Surpac and set the work directory as described in theSetup for This Tutorialchapter. The Surpac interface consists of 10 different areas:

1. Menus 2. Toolbars 3. Navigator 4. Preview pane 5. Legend pane 6. Graphics 7. Properties pane 8. Layers pane 9. Status bar 10. Message window

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Open a File Using the Menu

Menus

The menus group functions from a particular module, such as theBlock Modelmodule.

Activity: Open a File Using the Menu

1. ChooseFile > Open > String/DTM file.

2. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Use the Reset Graphics Button from the Toolbar

Toolbars

A toolbar is a collection of icons that have related functions. Toolbars allow you to access commonly used functions directly, without the need to search through the menus.

Activity: Use the Reset Graphics Button from the Toolbar

1. Openpit1.strin graphics.

2. Click theReset graphicsicon .

This function removes all the data that is displayed in graphics.

If data has been modified, Surpac will display a form to allow you to save the file. This is described in detail in the chapterViewing and Saving Data.

Navigator

The Navigator works like Windows Explorer. Using the Navigator, you can manage your files and directories by creating new folders, cutting, copying, pasting, and deleting files and folders.

Activity: Open a File from the Navigator

1. Using File Filter drop down in the Navigator, selectSurpac Files (.mdl,.dtm,.str). 2. Right-click the filebench105.strin the Navigator.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Open a File from the Navigator

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Display a String File in the Preview Pane

Preview Pane

The Preview pane displays string data without the need to load it into graphics.

Activity: Display a String File in the Preview Pane

1. If the Preview pane is not displayed, click thePreviewbutton at the top of the Navigator. 2. Clickpit1.strin the Navigator.

3. Click and drag in the Preview pane to rotate the data, as shown.

4. Click thePreviewbutton again to close the Preview pane.

Legend Pane

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Display and View Data in Graphics

Graphics

Known as the graphics area, or simply graphics, this is the area where you perform most of the work in Surpac. The graphics area is a three-dimensional work area. Any file loaded into graphics has Y, X, and Z coordinates.

Activity: Display and View Data in Graphics

1. Click theReset graphicsicon .

2. Drag and drop the filepit_design1.strinto graphics. The filepit_design1.stris displayed.

3. Perform the following steps:

l Use the left mouse button to rotate the image.

l Use the right mouse button to zoom in and out based on the centre of the image. l Use the wheel button, or both mouse buttons, to pan the image.

l Use the wheel button to zoom in or out in relation to the current location of the cursor.

Properties Pane

This is the area where you see:

l The properties of your file data when the Navigator is active.

l Information about graphics data when Surpac is in select mode and you have data

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The Surpac Interface Activity: View Changes to the Status Area

Layers Pane

This is the area where you manage your data in layers. This is described in detail in the chapter

Managing Data in Layers.

Status Bar

The Status bar shows the coordinate position of the mouse cursor as well as the string number and design gradient. The Status bar also shows whether a database or block model is loaded into memory.

Activity: View Changes to the Status Area

1. Drag and dropsurpac.ddb(a geological database) into graphics. 2. Drag and dropblock_model.mdl(a block model) into graphics.

Notice that two buttons have been added to the status area, indicating that a database namedsurpacand a block model namedblock_modelare loaded:

3. Move the mouse within the graphics area.

Notice that the coordinates shown in the status area are updated as you move the mouse.

4. In the Status bar, click thesurpacbutton, and selectClose. 5. Click theblock_modelbutton, and selectClose.

Message Window

The Message window shows the information, warnings, and error messages that Surpac produces while it is executing functions.

Tip: Sometimes the message window also contains information such as coordinates of selected points or properties of files in graphics. You can copy this information and paste it into text files or documents.

Activity: Clear the Message Window

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Work with Multiple Viewports

Multiple Viewports

You can view data in different ways using multiple viewports.

Activity: Work with Multiple Viewports

1. Drag and droppit_design1.strinto graphics. 2. Right-click in graphics to display a popup menu.

3. From the popup menu, selectViewport, thenCopy view.

A maximised copy of the current view is displayed on a tab calledView 2. 4. Right-click theView 2tab, and then chooseViewport > Close.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Work with Multiple Viewports

Each viewport now displays the same view of the same data.

6. Right-click theleft viewport, and then chooseViewport > Split horizontally.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Work with Multiple Viewports

7. Right-click theright viewport, and then chooseViewport > Split horizontally.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Work with Multiple Viewports

8. Click and drag in the top left viewport to rotate the data. The data is shown in an oblique view.

9. Click in the bottom left viewport.

10. Click the icon to view the data in the XZ plane. 11. Click in the top right viewport.

12. Click the icon to view the data in the YZ plane.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Select the geology_database Profile

Using and Creating Profiles

A profile is a set of menus and toolbars grouped together into modules. The profiles are available by right-clicking in the empty space and selecting from the available profiles.

Activity: Select the geology_database Profile

1. Right-click in the empty space at the top of the Surpac interface. 2. SelectProfiles > geology_database.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Saving your Customisations to a Profile

The menus and toolbars in thegeology_databaseprofile are displayed.

The interface now contains a new set of menus and toolbars that cover the functionality for processing data from a geological database.

Profiles allow you easy access to all of your customisations.

Activity: Saving your Customisations to a Profile

If you are an experienced Surpac user, you might wish to create your own profile to get faster access to the toolbars, menus and commands that you need for your work.

1. Make sure that Surpac is displaying the menu bars and toolbars that you use frequently and that the menu bars and toolbars that you do not need are hidden.

2. Right-click in the empty space at the top of the Surpac window. 3. From theProfilesmenu, clickSave.

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The Surpac Interface Activity: Restoring the Default Profile

4. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

When you open Surpac again, you can choose your profile which will reload your customised settings for menus, toolbars and buttons and will automatically configure your workspace.

Activity: Restoring the Default Profile

1. Right-click the empty space beside the toolbars at the top of the Surpac window. 2. ClickRestore.

Review

Questions

1. Name four panes on theGraphicsinterface. 2. What are profiles?

3. What does theNavigatordo? 4. How do you change profile? 5. How many viewports can there be? 6. How is a second viewport created? 7. How can you unhide hidden panes?

8. What information can be displayed on the status bar?

Exercises

1. Changing profiles, menus and toolbars. A. Reset graphics.

B. Right click in the empty menu space and choose theMinedesignProfile. C. Add theSolidsMenu.

D. Remove theMacroToolbar. Questions:

i. Would you want all the menus open on graphics? Why? ii. How many menus/toolbars can you add/remove at a time?

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The Surpac Interface Exercises

2. Changing the screen layout.

A. Move theLayerPane to the right of theMessageWindow. B. Delete thePropertiesPane.

C. ChooseCustomise > Auto Save window layout. Question:

i. What would be an advantage of setting the screen up like this? 3. Creating and using personalised profiles

A. ChooseNo Profile.

B. Move theLayerPane to the left side of theMessageWindow. C. Move thePropertiesPane to the right side of theMessageWindow. D. Add theDatabaseMenu.

E. Add theScale and TransparencyToolbar.

F. Re arrange menus and toolbars for maximum graphics space. G. Save profile to a new personal name.

Questions:

i. When you bring up the list of available profiles, what has changed?

ii. How do you ensure that every time you open Surpac, your personal profile appears?

4. Using viewports.

A. Make//tutorials/introductionthe working directory. B. Openpit_design1.strinGraphics.

C. Right click inGraphics, chooseViewport>Split vertically. D. Click in each viewport and rotate the string file.

E. Opentopo1.strintoGraphics. Question:

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Advanced Interface Operations Exercises

Advanced Interface Operations

Menu Bars, Menus and Commands

If you do not understand the meaning of the termsmenu bar, menuandcommand, you could easily become confused when you try to create a customised menu bar.

The following image shows theMain (Short)menu bar.

Each menu containscommands(ormenu items, which means the same thing). The commands are located on the menu or on a submenu. For example, thePlottingmenu contains theAutoplot,

Plotting window,Plotting sheet setup windowandPrint plot filecommands, and it also contains theEntity,Map,Process,andPlotting contourssubmenus. Each submenu contains more

commands.

Displaying and Customising Menu Bars

You can activate most Surpac functions using the menu system.

A black triangle on the right side of a menu item indicates that you can select it to display a submenu.

To see the list of menu bars and toolbars you can view, right-click in empty space on the menu bar or in the toolbar region.

The following image indicates that theBlast designmenu bar and theMain (Short)menu bar are displayed.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Create a Customised Menu Bar

You can click on a menu bar to switch between displaying and hiding it.

You can also create your own customised menu bars or toolbars to group together the functions that you use frequently, or to group together all the functions that you need to use to do a specific task.

Activity: Create a Customised Menu Bar

1. ChooseCustomise > Customise menus/toolbars.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Create a Customised Menu Bar

2. To create a new menu bar, right-click onMenubarsunderUser Menus/Toolbarsand selectNewfrom the list.

3. To rename the menu bar:

a. Right-clickMenuBar_1. b. SelectEditfrom the list.

c. Typepit_designand pressENTER. 4. Select the menus to place in the menu bar:

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Display Toolbars and Create a Customised Toolbar

b. Hold downCTRLand select thePit Design, Expand segmentandExpand stringfolders.

c. ClickCopy.

d. Select the newpit_designmenu bar.

e. ClickPaste.

5. Enterpit_designin theSave Profile Asfield. 6. ClickApply.

Note: Thenew pit_designmenu bar “floats” above the Surpac window.

7. Drag thepit_designmenu bar to a location where there is some space at the top of the Surpac window.

Customising Toolbars and Buttons

You might find that you only are using only a small number of the digitising functions, for example,

Start new string,Start new segment,Digitise New Point at Mouse Location,New midpointand

Close current segment.

You could create a toolbar that has only the functions that you need by taking a copy of theDigitise

toolbar, removing some of the functions from it and adding theNew Midpointfunction to it.

Activity: Display Toolbars and Create a Customised Toolbar

1. Right-click in the empty space in the menu bar or toolbar region. 2. SelectToolbarsto see which toolbars are currently displayed.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Display Toolbars and Create a Customised Toolbar

3. ChooseCustomise > Customise menus/toolbars.

4. Right-click on theToolbarsfolder (underUser Menus/Toolbars) and selectNewfrom the list.

Note: This will create a new menu, calledToolbar1. 5. Right-click onToolbar1and selectEdit.

6. Typepit_designand pressENTER.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Creating a Custom Button to Put on a Toolbar

8. Hold downCTRLand select several of the surface design commands as shown.

9. ClickCopy.

10. Select the newpit_designtoolbar and clickPaste.

Activity: Creating a Custom Button to Put on a Toolbar

1. ChooseCustomise > Customise menus/toolbars.

2. In theModify Menus and Toolbarsform, select thepit_designtoolbar and clickNew. 3. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

This will create a new button on the designated toolbar.

Note: To fill in theCommandfield you will have to click theEllipsis button and navigate to a TCL file. Similarly, to fill in theImagefield, you must click theEllipsisbutton

and navigate to an icon file in theiconsfolder.

Note: The full path to the TCL command scripts folder is:

C:/Users/Public/Gemcom/Surpac/62/share/resource/scripts/toolbars/ 4. In theModify menus and toolbarsform, ClickApply.

5. Right-click in an empty area near the toolbars. 6. From theToolbarsmenu, selectpit_design.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser

Using the Function Chooser

A quick way for you to run a function is to use the function chooser. You can type an “alias” into the function chooser to run a function. An alias is an abbreviation of the function name.

Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser

1. Drag and droppit_design1.strinto graphics.

2. TypeCS(for Clear Screen) into the function chooser.

Note: The function chooser field is located in the lower part of the Surpac window.

3. PressENTERto run the function.

Running theClear Screenfunction makes the graphics area empty but, unlike theReset graphicsfunction, it leaves the data in the layer.

4. Type the aliasDRWS(for Draw Strings) into the function chooser. 5. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

survey1665.stris displayed in graphics.

Note: You can find a complete list of aliases in the filesSSI_ETC:short.ssiandSSI_ETC:Surpac.mst.

Working with Forms

You control how a function works by entering parameters into a form. The termsformis a type of

dialogue boxand these terms can be used interchangably. TheOpen Fileform and its components is a typical form.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser

By clicking once to highlight a field on a form, and then right clicking, you see options to help you fill in the form.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser Last value if blank

Selecting this command causes the field to keep the last value you entered when the application does not supply a value. For example, if you selectLast value if blankfor theLayerfield of theOpen Fileform, the text in theLayerfield does not change, but if you selectLast value if blankfor the

Locationfield, the last file name used is shown. Last value

Selecting this item causes the field to keep the last value regardless of the value that Surpac inserts. For example, if you selectLast valuein theLayerfield of theOpen Fileform, theLayerfield displays the name of the layer that you used on the last occasion you used this form.

Constant..

Selecting this item allows you to enter a value to use for this fieldevery timeyou use the form. Application

Selecting this item causes the field to display the value supplied by Surpac. This is the way that Surpac worked in previous versions.

Configuring Windows and Panes in the Interface

You can modify panes in the interface using the three buttons on the top right side of the pane:

l Toggle floating. l Toggle auto-hide. l Close.

Toggle floating

TheToggle floatingbutton enables you to "dock" or "undock" the pane. When the pane is docked it is fixed to an area of the Surpac window. When it is undocked it floats so you can move it to any part of the Surpac window. You can also dock the pane by moving it to one of the edges of the screen, or to an existing pane.

To restore the pane to its original position, click again on theToggle floatingbutton or right-click on the top part of the pane and clickFloating.

Toggle auto-hide

TheToggle auto-hidebutton enables you to hide the pane so that you have more workspace for other panes.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser

When you clickToggle auto-hide, the pane is minimised and attached to the side of the Surpac window. The following image shows the Properties pane attached to the side of the Surpac window.

To show the pane when it is minimised, move the cursor over the minimised pane. To restore the pane to its original position, clickToggle auto-hideagain.

Close

To close a pane, click theXbutton in the top right corner.

To restore a pane that you have closed, selectView > Dockable windowsand click on the pane that you want to restore.

In the example below, theTools propertiespane was closed, so it is not selected as a dockable window. By clicking onTool properties, you can restore the pane to its original position.

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Advanced Interface Operations Activity: Run Two Functions from the Function Chooser

To restore the whole interface to its original state, right-click an empty area in the toolbar region, and clickRestore.

Default Preferences

TheDefault Preferencesmenu option allows you to manage user settings. You can change the system to customise it.

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Advanced Interface Operations Task: Changing setting in Defaults Preferences

Task: Changing setting in Defaults Preferences

1. Customise>Default preferences>Graphics>Viewer settings.

Change theWINDOW IN modefrom 'centre to corner' to 'corner to corner'. 2. Customise>Default preferences>Graphics>Hardware settings.

These are the optimal settings for Surpac BUT if there are problems with your graphics card, try changing some of these settings.

a. Change the Processor Affinity on a dual core machine to 1 instead of all. b. Change the graphics display driver from Open GL, some graphics cards work

better on direct 3d and give graphics problems with Open GL. c. Change the Hidden Surface removal algorithm.

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Advanced Interface Operations Task: Changing setting in Defaults Preferences

Taking the centre of the graphics area being 0,0,0 with the screen area going -2 to 2 (x), -1 to 1 (y) and -1 to 1 being above or below the screen, setting up lights in 3 directions ensures any surface or solid will be properly illuminated when rotated on the screen.

4. Customise>Default preferences>Graphics colours.

Set up the background screen to any colour you wish. Be aware that you have no string colours set the same as your background or they will be invisible (ie. if string 1 is set to black on a black background).

5. Customise>Default preferences>Files>File actions.

This is where you can change the text editor to Context from Notepad.

6. Customise>Default preferences>Alias files.

Short.mst and surpac.mst are where the shortcut codes for the Function Chooser are stored. They are stored in the directory

C:/<surpac directory>/share/etc. The logical SSI_ETC: is set up in thetranslate.ssifile, also inC:/<surpac directory>/share/etc.

You can setup your own shortcut key file as above my_alias.alias and store it in the same directory.

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Advanced Interface Operations Questions shortcut in double quoted followed by white space followed by the full command name in double quotes.

You can use an existing shortcut as well as the full command name.

If an existing shortcut is used, that last to be loaded will overwrite the function of the first ( ie.Alias 3 will overwrite alias 1 and 2), so check that you are creating a NEW shortcut.

form is to click the icon in the toolbar.

Review

Questions

1. Where is the option to create a personalised toolbar? 2. Name three ways to run a function in Surpac.

3. What are the two files which contain function chooser shortcuts, and where are they stored?

4. How can hidden panes be redisplayed?

5. Where can the graphics settings for Surpac be found?

6. Where can the paths for the customisable directories Surpac is pointing to, be found?

Exercises

1. Setting form defaults.

A. ChooseFile>Open>String/DTM file. B. ClickRescale display.

C. Right click, chooseConstant. D. Clear, and then clickApply. Question:

i. What different behaviour can be seen in opening a file between dragging it into graphics or using this form to open the file?

2. Create a personalised toolbar.

A. ChooseCustomise>Customise menus/toolbars. B. Create a new toolbar named 'TEST'.

C. Copy and pasteOpen fileandUndofunctions from the Surpac toolbar to the user toolbar TEST.

D. Add the following new item to the toolbar:

The Type isScript, the Command is02a_change_display_styles.tcl, the Image and Tool Tip is whatever you wish.

E. Run this script from the new toolbar. 3. Change the screen colour.

A. ChooseCustomise>Defaults preferences>Graphics colours. B. Set the background to pale yellow.

C. Set the text to dark blue. D. View the results inGraphics.

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Getting Help Activity: Access Field Help and Form Help

Getting Help

There are a number of resources to assist you whether you are trying to solve a problem, to understand how a function works, or to enter data into a form.

Field Help and Form Help

When Surpac prompts you to enter information, it displays a form. The components on the form where you enter information are known as fields.

You can get helpful information about each field by accessingField help. Helpful information about the entire form, and concepts related to the function, are available by accessingForm help.

Activity: Access Field Help and Form Help

1. Click theReset graphicsicon . 2. ChooseFile > Open > String/DTM file.

3. Click theLocationfield, and then right-click to display a popup menu.

4. From the popup menu, selectField help.

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Getting Help Activity: Access Field Help and Form Help

5. PressTABseveral times.

Notice that the help text changes as the cursor moves to different fields. This happens becauseEnable auto helpis selected.

6. Clear Enable auto help. 7. PressTABseveral times.

Notice that the help text does not change. 8. SelectEnable auto help.

9. Click theXbutton in the top right corner of the help window to close it. 10. Click and then right-click in a field to display the following menu.

11. From the menu, selectForm Help.

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Getting Help Activity: Access Online Help from a Form

Online Help

Online help contains more detailed information than form help and field help, as well as examples and troubleshooting assistance.

Activity: Access Online Help from a Form

1. ChooseDisplay > 2D Grid.

2. Click the button at the lower left corner of the form.

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Getting Help Activity: Access Help from the Help Menu

3. Close the help window.

Activity: Access Help from the Help Menu

1. In Surpac, from theHelpmenu, selectTable of contents.

2. In the table of contents, expandModules,thenLicence Manager, thenNetwork Licence Manager,and thenIntroduction.

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Getting Help Activity: Use the Index to Search for Information

The help for theLicence Manageris displayed.

Activity: Use the Index to Search for Information

TheIndexis another good way to locate help.
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Getting Help Activity: Search the Online help

1. In Surpac, from theHelpmenu, selectTable of contents. 2. In the lower left corner, click theIndextab.

3. In the text box at the top, slowly type each letter of the wordBlock Model.

After you type each letter, the help system selects the index entry that is the closest match.

4. PressENTER.

The help for Block Model is displayed.

Activity: Search the Online help

1. In Surpac, from theHelpmenu, selectTable of contents.

2. In the lower left corner, click theSearchtab. 3. TypeDTM Maths, and clickSearch.

This search returns all the help topics that contain both the words “DTM” and “Maths”. The topics that contain the most occurrences of these words are ranked higher in the list.

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Getting Help Activity: Search the Online help

4. Click the topic that is ranked 1 at the top of the list,DTM Maths.

You can do a phrase search by enclosing your search in quotes.

5. Type“String Maths”(including the quotation marks) in theSearchbox, and then click

Search

The search will find only the exact phrase “String Maths”. 6. Click the top row,String Maths.

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Getting Help Activity: Search the Online help

Tutorials

Tutorialsare designed to teach you how specific functions work within a practical, task-based environment, by working through exercises using a specific dataset.

Surpac tutorials are available via thetutorialsprofile. When you install the software from the CD, the tutorials are installed into directories under:

<installation directory>\demo_data\tutorials

where<installation directory>is the folder where Surpac is installed.

Each directory contains a tutorial in PDF format, as well as a data directory containing the files required to perform the exercises outlined in the tutorial.

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Getting Help Activity: Access the Tutorials Profile

Activity: Access the Tutorials Profile

1. Right-click in the blank area on the right of the main menus. 2. From the popup menu, chooseProfiles>tutorials.

A set of menus for the tutorials are displayed.

To view the tutorials or run the macros for the tutorial, you must first click on the menu item to change the directory to your chosen tutorial.

You can then either view the tutorial document as a PDF or run the macros that appear in the tutorial.

Internet download

You can also download the complete set of tutorials.

1. In your web browser, enter http://www.gemcomsupport.com. 2. ClickGemcom Surpac,then Downloads.

3. Log in to the Gemcom support site. 4. Click Surpac Updates

5. Click Tutorials v6.1

Note: You will need log in credentials to enter the Gemcom Support site. Contact your local support office if you do not have this information.

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Getting Help Activity: Find Support Office Contact Details

Support

You can contact your local support office by phone or email.

Activity: Find Support Office Contact Details

1. ChooseHelp > Table of Contents.

The table of contents is displayed on the left side of the screen.

2. Expand theSupportmenu item to find your local support office from the listed locations.

3. Click on the required location. Alternatively, you can click on the map of locations or select the location from a list.

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Getting Help Activity: Log a software request

The contact details are displayed. For example, the contact details of the Australian office are as shown:

Software Request

The final type of help is where you log a software request by email.

Activity: Log a software request

1. Choose Help > Log a request.

2. Fill in a detailed description of your problem.

3. ClickContact Info...

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Getting Help Activity: Log a software request

5. ClickComputer Info…

6. ClickCapture Configto automatically get the details of your PC. 7. Enter as much detail as possible, and then clickOK.

8. If you have data to demonstrate your problem, clickAttach File…

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Getting Help Questions

10. ClickSave.

11. Give your output file a meaningful name.

12. Navigate to the folder where you wish to store the file, and then clickSave.

13. Email the.sbgfile to: surpacissues@gemcomsoftware.com

Review

Questions

1. Name the three ways of accessingHelpin Surpac.

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Getting Help Exercises

3. How is a bug report logged with Gemcom? 4. Where would a support email be sent to?

5. What is the difference between "Field help" and "Form help"?, How can they be accessed ?

Exercises

1. Accessing the Help while inGraphics. A. ChooseEdit>Layer>Maths.

B. Click on any field, then right click and choose field help. C. Move from field to field and read the field help.

D. Click the question mark in the lower left of the form. Questions:

i. What happens next?

ii. How does this help differ from the field help? 2. Using the Surpac Help.

A. ChooseHelp>Table of Contents.

B. In theSearchpane type, including quotation marks, "desktop icon". Questions:

i. How many titles appear?

ii. Now remove the quotation marks and see how many titles appear. iii. What is the effect of using quotation marks?

3. Log Request.

A. ChooseHelp>Log a Request

B. Fill out an enhancement request that more than one menu/toolbar can be activated /deactivated at a time.

Questions:

i. What is the name of the file produced? ii. Where should this file be sent?

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Create Layers

Managing Data in Layers

Many computer-aided design (CAD) packages use the term “layer” to define a set of information contained within one file. In this sense, a Surpac string number is the same as a CAD package “layer”. However, in Surpac, a layer is an area in memory which contains data displayed in graphics.  Layers can contain strings from one or more string files. In this sense, you can append data from different files into one layer, and create a new file.  All layers are contained within the Surpac Work Area (SWA).

Layers and the Surpac Work Area

When Surpac starts, it creates an area in memory called the Surpac Work Area (SWA). All data that is displayed in graphics is stored within one or more layers, which are located within the SWA. Before you have displayed any data in graphics, the SWA contains one layer, called the “main graphics layer”.

All layers in the SWA are displayed in theLayerspane, at the lower left corner of the Surpac window, these display as shown below.

Creating Layers

By dragging a file from the Navigator to graphics, you create a new layer with the same name as the file. You can also create a new layer using theNewbutton on the Layer pane.

Activity: Create Layers

1. Click theReset graphicsicon . 2. Drag and droppit1.strinto graphics.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Create Layers

Notice that the Layers pane now shows two layers, themain graphics layerand a new layer calledpit1.strwhich becomes the active layer.

This symbol… indicates that the layer is…

active. visible. selectable. The SWA now contains:

3. Drag and drop the filemap1.strinto graphics from the Navigator.

Notice that theLayerspane now shows three layers, andmap1.stris the active layer.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Create Layers

Next, you will create a circular area delineating the boundary of a waste dump, and save the data to a separate file. As part of this process, you will create a new layer where the data will be stored.

4. On theLayerspane, click the button.

5. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Create Layers

6. ChooseCreate > Circle by drag.

7. Click the centre of the circle, drag to the location shown, and then release the mouse but-ton.

8. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply

9. PressESCto finish using the function.

Notice that thewaste dumplayer is now displayed in red, and it is preceded by an asterisk (*). This occurs when you have changed data in a layer, but you have not yet saved it.

10. ChooseFile > Save > string/DTM.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Create Layers

Thewaste dumplayer is now displayed in black.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Navigator

Appending Data to a Layer

You can append data to a layer by holding down the CTRL key when dragging and dropping a file into graphics. Also, the Open File form contains an option to append data in a layer.

You can combine data from different files by appending them into one layer, and then saving the file.

Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Navigator

1. Click theReset graphicsicon .

2. Hold theCTRLkey down, then drag and droppit1.strinto graphics.

Notice that while you drag a file into graphics with theCTRLkey pressed, the cursor is displayed with a plus sign (+)

After releasing the mouse, notice that theLayerspane still only shows one layer, the

main graphics layer.

The SWA now contains:

3. Hold the CTRL key down, then drag and drop the filemap1.strinto graphics from the Navi-gator.

After releasing the mouse, notice that theLayerspane still only shows one layer, the

main graphics layer.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Navigator

Next, you will save the data from both files to a new file. 4. ChooseFile > Save > String/DTM file.

5. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Open File Command

Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Open File Command

1. Click theReset graphicsicon . 2. ChooseFile > Open > String/DTM file.

3. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

Notice that by settingString Rangeto 2, only string 2 frompit1.stris opened in themain graphics layer.

4. ChooseFile > Open > String/DTM file.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Open File Command

Notice that by settingString Rangeto 2;12;52, only those strings have been opened.  Also, becauseReplace current datawas not selected, the data is appended to themain graphics layer.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Append Data to a Layer with the Open File Command

The SWA now contains:

6. ChooseFile > Save > String/DTM file.

7. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

The filepit_and_buildings.strnow contains string 2 frompit1.stras well as string 2, string 12, and string 52 frommap1.str.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Replace Data in a Layer with the Navigator

Replacing Data in a Layer

You can replace data in a layer with theSHIFTkey modifier when dragging and dropping a file into graphics. Also, theOpen Fileform contains an option to replace data in a layer.

Activity: Replace Data in a Layer with the Navigator

1. Click theReset graphicsicon .

2. Drag and dropmap1.strinto graphics from the Navigator. Notice that theLayerspane shows the two layers.

The SWA now contains:

3. Clickpit1.strso that it is the only file selected in the Navigator. 4. Hold theSHIFTkey down, then drag and droppit1.strinto graphics.

Notice that while you drag a file into graphics with theSHIFTkey pressed, the cursor is displayed with anX. 

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Replace Data in a Layer with the Navigator

However, the contents of themap1.strlayer have been replaced by the data in the file

pit1.str:

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Replace Data in a Layer Using the Open File Command

Activity: Replace Data in a Layer Using the Open File Command

1. Click theReset graphicsicon . 2. ChooseFile > Open > string/DTM.

3. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

Notice that all the data inpit1.stris open in themain graphics layer.

4. ChooseFile > Open > string/DTM.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Replace Data in a Layer Using the Open File Command

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Save a Workspace

Saving Workspace Settings

You can save all the data, layers, and settings in a Surpac Work Area (SWA) file. You can restore all this information by opening the SWA file.

Activity: Save a Workspace

1. Click theReset graphicsicon . 2. Drag and dropore1.dtminto graphics.

3. ChooseView > Surface view options > Lighting options. 4. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

5. Drag and droppit_design1.strinto graphics. 6. Drag and droptopo1.strinto graphics.

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Managing Data in Layers Activity: Save a Workspace

Notice that four layers exist in theLayerspane.

8. ChooseFile > Save > Graphics workspace.

9. Enter the information as shown, and then clickApply.

The fileore_pit_topo.swais created.

Note: The terms “Graphics workspace” and “SWA” both refer to the “Surpac Work Area”. When you save a workspace, you create a file with a.swaextension.

10. ChooseView > Surface view options > Lighting options. 11. Enter the information as shown, and t

References

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