Nemo Scanner Guide 7.50

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NEMO OUTDOOR

SCANNER GUIDE

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Copyright

The information contained in this document is confidential and no part of it may be copied or reproduced in any form without the written consent of Anite Network Testing. Additionally, this document is not to be passed to or discussed with third parties without the prior written permission of Anite Network Testing.

Anite’s products are subject to continual development and specifications may change. Users of Anite’s products and documentation should exercise their own independent judgement to evaluate the suitability of Anite’s products and documentation for their particular use. Anite does not accept any liability arising from the application or use of the product or this documentation.

All reasonable care has been made to ensure that this document is accurate. If you have any comments on this document, or would like details of any Anite products, services or equipment, please contact us through the Anite website.

Revision 7.50.00 Last edited March 2015

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CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION ... 5 Enable frequency and pilot scanning for all systems ... 5 1.1

2 ANRITSU ... 6 Connecting Anritsu scanners ... 6 2.1

Starting Anritsu scanners ... 10 2.2

Measuring with Anritsu scanners ... 11 2.3

Frequency scanning ... 11 2.3.1

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS ... 13 2.3.2

Pilot Scrambling Code scanning ... 19 2.3.3

3 DRT ... 21 Connecting the DRT Wimax 4301A+ scanner ... 21 3.1

Changing the IP address for DRT 4301A+ ... 23 3.2

Starting DRT scanners ... 27 3.3

Measuring with DRT scanners ... 28 3.4 Frequency scanning ... 28 3.4.1 Pilot scanning ... 31 3.4.2 4 PCTEL ... 34 Connecting PCTEL LX CDMA/EVDO/GSM/WCDMA scanner ... 34 4.1

Connecting PCTEL EX scanners ... 36 4.2

Connecting the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner ... 39 4.3

Connecting the PCTEL IBflex scanner ... 42 4.4

Connecting the PCTEL MX scanner ... 46 4.5

PcTel MX configurations and antenna ports ... 48 4.6 Example 1... 53 4.6.1 Example 2... 54 4.6.2 Example 3... 54 4.6.3

Connecting PCTEL PCT scanners ... 55 4.7

Connecting PCTEL scanners to Nemo Invex chassis ... 58 4.8

Starting PCTEL scanners ... 59 4.9

Measuring with PCTEL scanners ... 65 4.10

Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM scanner ... 65 4.10.1

Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM/UMTS scanners ... 68 4.10.2

Frequency scanning – PCTEL CDMA/EVDO scanners ... 69 4.10.3

Frequency scanning – PCTEL TD-SCDMA scanners ... 72 4.10.4

Frequency scanning – PCTEL LTE scanners ... 73 4.10.5

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS ... 75 4.10.6

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TOP-N Pilot scanning – TD-SCDMA ... 78 4.10.7

TOP-N Pilot scanning – CDMA/EVDO ... 79 4.10.8

Spectrum scanning ... 81 4.10.9

LTE OFDM scanning ... 85 4.10.10

Pilot Scrambling Code scanning ... 88 4.10.11

5 ROHDE & SCHWARZ ... 91 Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ/TSML scanner ... 91 5.1

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSMW scanner ... 95 5.2

Connecting the Rohde & Schwarz TSME scanner ... 98 5.3

Connecting Rohde & Schwarz scanners to Nemo Invex chassis ... 101 5.4

Connecting R&S TSMW to Nemo Invex with an Ethernet cable ... 102 5.4.1

Connecting R&S TSMW to Nemo Invex with a network switch ... 104 5.4.2

Starting Rohde & Schwarz scanners ... 108 5.5

TSMW manual front-end configuration ... 110 5.6

Measuring with Rohde & Schwarz scanners ... 111 5.7

Frequency scanning ... 112 5.7.1

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS ... 114 5.7.2

TOP-N Pilot scanning - CDMA/EVDO ... 117 5.7.3

TOP-N Pilot scanning - LTE ... 118 5.7.4 Spectrum scanning ... 121 5.7.5 6 VENTURE ... 124 Configuring your PC ... 124 6.1

Connecting the MRX3808A/L receiver ... 127 6.2

Starting Venture MRX scanners ... 130 6.3

Measuring with Venture MRX scanners ... 131 6.4 Frequency scanning ... 131 6.4.1 Pilot scanning ... 133 6.4.2 7 TROUBLESHOOTING SCANNERS ... 138 8 TECHNICAL SUPPORT ... 139 User Club ... 139 8.1

Nemo Support Portal ... 139 8.2

Phone and email support ... 140 8.3

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1 INTRODUCTION

This document describes the process of connecting and configuring scanners from Anritsu, DRT, PCTEL, and Rohde & Schwarz. Instructions for using the Nemo FSR1 scanner can be found from the Nemo FSR1 user manual.

Enable frequency and pilot scanning for all systems

1.1

It is possible to enable/disable frequency and pilot scanning for every system simultaneously through the Nemo Outdoor/Nemo Invex Devices view. Select the option to activate frequency and/or pilot scanning for all the supported systems.

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2 ANRITSU

Connecting Anritsu scanners

2.1

Connect the antenna cable to scanner RF Input. If you are measuring with a dual-mode scanner 1.

that supports both GSM and WCDMA, use the RF1 input (see picture). RF2 input only supports WCDMA scanning.

Connect the battery cable to the battery and to a power source. 2.

The Battery led of the scanner should turn green. 3.

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The following steps apply to Anritsu ML8720B and ML8720C scanners. If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8740A or Anritsu ML8740B scanner, see step 12. Connect the null modem cable to the scanner COM port that can be found below the power 4.

switch.

Connect the null modem to one of the PC COM ports 5.

Turn the power on in the scanner. The Power led should light up. 6.

The scanner should now start, wait until the scanner has started 7.

Press the Menu button in the scanner. 8.

Use the arrow keys and the Sel button to select Interface and Behavior. 9.

Check that the settings are as follows. If not, change them using the arrow keys and the Sel 10.

button (note that the selected item will be underlined as soon as you use the arrow buttons to switch to another line). To exit the dialog without saving, press the F4 button (Cancel). To exit the dialog and save the modified settings, press the F5 button (OK).

• COM1 Protocol: Direct

COM1 Baud Rate: 38400 or 57600 or 115200

• COM1 Stop Bit(s): 1

• COM1 Data Length: 8

• COM1 Parity: None

The baud rate 115200 is the fastest option.

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If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8740A or Anritsu ML8740B scanner, see the following 11.

steps.

Insert the Anritsu installation CD in your PC. 12.

Connect the USB cable to the scanner USB port found in the front panel and to the PC. 13.

Switch the scanner on. 14.

The New Hardware Wizard will start automatically. Select the No, not this time option and click 15.

Next.

Select the Install the software automatically option and click Next. 16.

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If a warning message appears, click Continue Anyway. The installation will start. Please wait 17.

while the New Hardware Wizard installs the software. When the installation is complete, click Finish.

To check that the installation was successful, go to Device Manager (Start | Settings | Control 18.

Panel | System | Hardware | Device Manager). Expand the Universal Serial Bus controllers item. Area Scanner should be on the list.

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Double-click on Area Scanner. Check that the Device Status field displays This device is working 19.

properly. Exit the dialog by clicking OK.

Starting Anritsu scanners

2.2

Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 1.

From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 2.

Click on Scanner. 3.

From the list select: 4.

For Anritsu ML8720B: Anritsu ML8720B UMTS 2100 and click Next.

For Anritsu ML8720C without the GSM option: Anritsu ML8720C UMTS 2100 and click Next.

For Anritsu ML8720C with the GSM option: Anritsu ML8720C GSM/UMTS and click Next.

For Anritsu ML8740A and Anritsu ML8740B without the GSM option: Anritsu ML8740A/ ML8740B UMTS 2100 and click Next.

For Anritsu ML8740A and Anritsu ML8740B with the GSM option: Anritsu ML8740A/ML8740B GSM/UMTS and click Next.

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In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to the port the scanner is connected to 5.

(ML8720B/ML8720C)/select the USB port (e.g., Anritsu USB1).

The next step is not valid for the Anritsu ML8740A and Anritsu ML8740B scanners. Set the baud rate to the one used by the scanner and click OK. Note that the baud rate must 6.

be the same that you chose when you were connecting the scanner. The dialog will be closed and the scanner should now be connected to the system.

If the dialog did not close, the startup did not succeed. Check the cable connections and the 7.

settings and try again.

If the Device Status window is not visible, open it from the View menu. A green light should be 8.

blinking. This means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. If the status field displays, Device is not started, check that you are in online mode (click the Work Offline/Online button ).

Measuring with Anritsu scanners

2.3

Frequency scanning

2.3.1

Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General 1.

Properties.

In the Measurement Properties dialog you can select the channels to be scanned: 2.

• If the scanner supports only one carrier, you can select either GSM or UMTS channels to be scanned.

• If the scanner supports two carriers, you can select for scanning both GSM and UMTS channels. If you select GSM channels, you can select a maximum of one UMTS channel. If you do not select GSM channels, you can select one or two UMTS channels.

On the Frequency scanning, GSM page, click the Select Channels button to select the GSM 3.

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Note that the scanner reports the 32 strongest channels from the selected GSM channels.

Channel style defines the bandwidth of the measured channel. For GSM the options are 200 kHz and

30 kHz narrow.

Data mode defines the type of measurement data computed from each sample. Note that the

available selection depends on the scanner type.

• RX Level Average: the data reported is the average RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.

• RX Level Maximum: the data reported is the maximum RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.

• RX Level Minimum: the data reported is the minimum RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.

• RX Level Standard Deviation: the data reported is the standard of deviation of the number of samples reported as an integer.

• RX Level 10%: the data reported is the 10th percentile RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.

• RX Level 50%: the data reported is the 50th percentile RX level, in dB, of the number of samples.

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• RX Level 90%: the data reported is the 90th percentile RX level, in dB, of the Number of samples.

Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then

reports the result.

Sample size defines the number of samples taken from each channel before a measurement result is

written to file.

Selecting the BSIC decoding option displays BSIC value in a measurement window.

BSIC Threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports. BCCH C/I option is available with PCTEL and Rohde&Schwarz GSM scanners only.

Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 4.

TOP-N Pilot scanning - UMTS

2.3.2

Unknown Pilot scanning can be used for scanning unknown pilots or the strongest pilots. The Unknown Pilot Scan will from now on be referred to as TOP-N Pilot Mode/Scanning.

To set pilot scanning settings:

Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General 1.

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In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning page. 2.

Note that some of the options are enabled/disabled in this dialog according to the selected scanner model.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. For UMTS scanners, the options are Narrow

Band (200kHz) and Wide Band (3.84MHz). For Anritsu scanners, only Wide Band is available.

Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate

method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated. If there are no peaks above the PN threshold, value -30 dB is returned for WCDMA.

Measurement period defines the time in milliseconds for which the scanner measures and then

reports the result.

Number of fingers defines the maximum number of fingers used for RAKE in measurement. Selective level determines a valid path. Set a value (in dB) to decide a valid path from the noise

floor (average value).

Rake threshold determines a valid path (in dB). Subtracting the set value from a path with a

maximum correlation value gives the lower limit of the valid path.

Top-N option enables/disables Top-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report results

from N best scrambling codes. Number of pilots field defines how many pilots are reported by scanner in Top-N mode.

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Delay profile option enables/disables delay profile scanning. The Channel number field provides a

list of channels that can be selected for scanning.

Finger option enables and disables Finger measurements for the scanner.

P-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the P-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code.

SIR (signal to interference ratio) defines if the selected scanner will measure the SIR value for each

scrambling code.

S-SCH defines if the selected scanner will measure the S-SCH Ec/N0 value for each scrambling code. The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Channels dialog where you can select

channels for pilot scanning. If you press the arrow, a drop-down menu will appear from where you can select Top-N Search Configuration.

Please note that the Top-N Search Configuration dialog is available for Anritsu UMTS scanners only.

In the Top-N Search Configuration dialog you can limit the search performed by the scanner and consequently speed up the search.

Group specifies the group number for the primary scrambling code in the range of 0 to 63. Cell specifies the cell number for the primary scrambling code in the range of 0 to 7.

Secondary code specifies the secondary scrambling code. Limit range should be set from 0 to 0. Channelization code specifies the channelization code. Limit range should be set from 0 to 0. Search method defines how the search is performed. P-CPICH (primary common pilot channel)

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To select pilot parameters:

Select the TOP-N Mode option. 1.

Set the Number of Scrambling codes value. This defines how many strongest pilots are to be 2.

reported by the scanner. The maximum is 32 pilots. ∇ To select channels:

In the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page, click the Top-N 1.

Configuration button. The Select Channels dialog is opened.

The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies. 2.

With the Anritsu ML8720B single carrier scanner only one channel can be selected. If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8720B-03 dual carrier scanner, two channels can be selected.

You can remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the 3.

Remove button.

You can add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and 4.

clicking the Add button.

Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 5.

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To select search parameters:

Open the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page. Press down the Top-N 1.

Configuration button and select Top-N Search Configuration.

The Top-N Search Configuration dialog opens. 2.

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Set the Group search range. The group number is the scrambling code divided by 8. For 3.

example, SC (scrambling code) 12 = group 1, cell 4.

Set the Cell search range. The cell number is the division modulus. For example, SC 4.

(scrambling code) 12 = group 1, cell 4.

The Secondary Code and the Channelization Code ranges should be set from 0 to 0 for 5.

scanning only the P-CPICH.

Select the Search Method. SCH means that the P-CPICH are searched using P-SCH and S-SCH. 6.

P-CPICH means that the P-CPICH are searched without using P-SCH and S-SCH. ♦ Note that the P-CPICH method is much slower than the SCH method.

Click OK to accept the settings and to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 7.

Data processing method defines how the scanner will process samples before reporting. 8.

PN threshold defines the limit above which Ec/N0 peaks must go if Aggregated data processing 9.

method is used.

In pilot scanning mode, the RSSI is always measured for each channel.

In pilot scanning mode the P-CPICH Ec/N0 and RSCP are always measured for each scrambling code.

After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the 10.

scanning.

A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the 11.

device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds.

Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 12.

2.3.2.1 Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate

If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak.

As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment.

The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the

peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

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Pilot Scrambling Code scanning

2.3.3

Pilot Scrambling Code Scanning or Known Scrambling Code Scanning can be used to scan known pilots. The Known Scrambling Code Scanning will from now on be referred to as Normal Pilot Mode.

Open the Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General 1.

Properties.

Go to the Measurement Properties, Pilot scanning, UMTS page . 2.

Clear the TOP-N mode option and click the Select Channels button. The Select Scrambling 3.

Codes dialog is opened.

Select channels in the Selected channel numbers table by clicking the Select button. 4.

With the Anritsu ML8720B single carrier scanner only one channel can be selected. If you are measuring with the Anritsu ML8720B-03 dual carrier scanner, two channels can be selected.

For each selected channel, select scrambling codes. Select a channel and click the Select button 5.

below the Selected scrambling codes table.

Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 6.

When using an Anritsu scanner in Pilot Scanning mode, you can define the measurement period. 7.

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Data processing method defines how the scanner will process samples before reporting. 8.

In Pilot Scanning Mode the RSSI is always measured for each channel.

In Pilot Scanning Mode the P-CPICH Ec/N0 and RSCP are always measured for each scrambling code.

After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the 9.

scanning.

A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the 10.

device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds.

Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 11.

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3 DRT

Connecting the DRT Wimax 4301A+ scanner

3.1

Note! The DRT 4301A+ scanner does NOT have an On/OFF switch. The unit is

powered by connecting the power cable and powered off by disconnecting the power cable. When connecting cables to the unit, the power cable should be the last one connected and the first one disconnected.

Insert one end of the RJ-45 cable in the DATA jack in the scanner, and connect the other end 1.

with the PC.

Insert the power cable in the connector marked DC IN. 2.

Plug the antenna cable in the FR IN B port in your DRT scanner. 3.

Note that you can only select one of the antennas, 2300/2500MHz or the 3500MHz antenna, and connect it with the scanner. You must select between the antennas at this point.

Connect the scanner’s GPS antenna cable to the scanner’s GPS port, and place the GPS antenna 4.

on a visible spot.

Go to Start | Control Panel | Network Connections on your PC. 5.

Right-click on Local Area Connection and select Properties. 6.

In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) | 7.

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In the General tab, select Use the following IP address, and type 192.168.5.1 in the IP 8.

address field, and 255.255.255.0 in the Subnet mask field.

Click OK and Close to exit the dialogs. 9.

Now connect the scanner’s power cable. The scanner is now on. A green light will turn on in the 10.

scanner.

Start Nemo Outdoor. Go to Measurement | Add New Device | Scanner. Select DRT 11.

WIMAX 2300, DRT WIMAX 2500 or DRT WIMAX 3500 depending on which band you choose to measure at the time.

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In the Device Configuration dialog, select DRT LAN in the Port drop-down menu. 12.

Note that the Baud rate, Antenna gain and Cable loss fields do not affect the scanner, so they can be left as they are.

Click OK to exit the dialog. 13.

Go to page 28 for more information on conducting WIMAX measurements with the DRT scanner. 14.

Changing the IP address for DRT 4301A+

3.2

The DRT 4301A+ scanners are delivered from Anite Finland with the preconfigured IP address 192.168.5.2 for use with Nemo Outdoor. If the scanner is used with Nemo Invex, the IP address needs to be changed.

The DRT 4301A+ unit works with dynamic (DHCP) and static IP address modes. The default unit mode after coming from the factory is usually DHCP. The IP address must be static (192.168.5.2) for it to be possible to use the DRT 4301A+ scanner with Nemo Outdoor. The DRT device has an internal web server through which the user can make selections concerning the device’s network settings.

Connect the unit with a straight RJ45 cable to your local network. Do not use the grey cable that 1.

comes with the device. Connect the power cable (4-pin connector) to the DRT unit and wait for the green light to appear which means that the scanner is powered up. This takes

approximately 20 seconds.

Open a browser on the computer the scanner is connected to and disable the proxy for the 2.

browser. Type in the following address: http://drt4301sn0000 (0000 is the serial number of your DRT 4301A+ scanner found at the back of the unit). Wait for 10-20 seconds for the connection to be established.

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If the configuration page does not appear, continue to the next step. If the configuration page 3.

appears, continue to step 6.

Connect the DRT unit to your computer network card with a crossed RJ45 cable (grey cable, 4.

comes with the device). Change your computer IP address to 192.168.5.1 and network mask to 255.255.255.0 (look at the picture below). Then reboot the DRT unit by removing and

reconnecting the power cable.

Open a web browser, disable the proxy for the browser, and type in the following IP address: 5.

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When the Network Configuration page appears, type in the following IP address in the Static IP 6.

Address field: 192.168.3.201. This is the IP address used with Nemo Invex.

WARNING! If you mistype the IP address or type in a different IP address and forget it, the only way to reset the unit is to send it back to the factory!

Press the Save Changes button. Once the message below is displayed, reboot the unit by 7.

removing and reconnecting the power cable.

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To check whether the configuration was successful, perform steps 4 and 5 except that change 8.

your computer IP address to 192.168.3.1. The Network Configuration page should display the new IP address. Alternatively connect the device to Nemo Invex to see if it works. In the Nemo Invex SW, Device Configuration dialog, select DRT LAN Invex in the Port field.

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Starting DRT scanners

3.3

Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 1.

From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 2.

Click on Scanner. 3.

From the list select: 4.

DRT WIMAX 2300, if you want to make measurements with the 2300MHz (WiMAX) band. DRT WIMAX 2500, if you want to make measurements with the 2500MHz (WiMAX) band. DRT WIMAX 3500, if you want to make measurements with the 3500MHz (WiMAX) band.

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In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to DRT LAN. 5.

Note that the no changes need to be made to the Baud rate, Antenna gain, and Cable loss fields. See the next chapter for further instructions on how to make

measurements.

Measuring with DRT scanners

3.4

Frequency scanning

3.4.1

Frequency scanning can be used to scan band power. It is also useful for checking that the band is deselected and for finding out the center frequency.

After the DRT WIMAX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the 1.

Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties.

You can enable or disable the integrated GPS receiver through the Advanced button. It is also 2.

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In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Frequency scanning page. 3.

In the Channel Style list box, select the channel bandwidth. The options are Wide Band (5000 4.

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Click the Select Frequencies button to open the Select Frequencies dialog. 5.

The table displays the available frequencies. Select and add them in the Selected view by 6.

clicking on Add>>.

Remove frequencies from the Selected list by selecting a frequency and clicking the Remove 7.

button.

Add frequencies in the Selected list by selecting a frequency from the Available list and 8.

clicking the Add button.

Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 9.

After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the 10.

scanning.

A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the 11.

device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds.

Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 12.

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Pilot scanning

3.4.2

After the DRT WIMAX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the 1.

Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties.

In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Pilot scanning page. 2.

Channel style refers to the channel bandwidth.

Data processing method defines how the scanned data is processed by the scanner. In aggregate

method, the sum of all peak pilot Ec/Io values above the PN threshold is calculated.

Top-N option enables/disables TOP-N scrambling code scanning. If enabled, scanner will report

results from N best preambles. Number of preambles field defines how many preambles are reported by the scanner in TOP-N mode.

CINR refers to the Carrier to Interference and Noise ratio value, in dB *100 (e.g., -16.34). It is based

on the requested reuse factor.

Preamble delay refers to the number of samples between expected arrival time and actual arrival

time of preamble with respect to GPS time reference. The values range from 0 to 1023+32. Each sample corresponds to 89.285 nanoseconds.

Reuse factor refers to a system design parameter that can be manipulated to achieve the desired

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waveform has been divided into three segments (Segment 0, 1 and 2). The allocation of frequency sub-carrier into these three segments is done in such a way that e.g. a downlink signal on segment 0 will not interfere with the downlink signal on segment 1. In a Reuse Factor 1 measurement,

contributions from all the three segments are considered in the measured parameters, so that the CINRs are calculated from all the three segments. When Reuse Factor 3 is selected, only the

contribution of the desired segment is considered, and the CINRs are calculated only from the same segment. As a broad guideline, measurements performed with Reuse Factor 1 will provide the signal quality of the all the detected preambles relative to each other, whereas the Reuse Factor 3 category of measurements will provide the signal quality of preambles within the same segment.

Delay spread defines if the selected scanner will also measure the delay spread value (in chips) for

each scanned scrambling code. Delay spread is determined as the difference between the last and first component to break the threshold set in PN Threshold.

The Top-N Configuration button will open the Select Frequencies dialog where you can 3.

select frequencies for scanning. The maximum number of frequencies that can be selected is device specific.

After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the 4.

scanning.

A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the 5.

device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. In TOP-N Mode this may take a few seconds.

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Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 6.

3.4.2.1 Data processing method – Peak vs Aggregate

If the multipath components are significantly lower than the peak, their contribution will be negligible and the aggregate will be the same as the peak. However, if one or more multipath components are close to the peak component in power, its power combined with the peak component’s power will be larger than either of them alone. In the case where a multipath component is the same strength as the peak the aggregate will be twice the power, or 3dB higher than the peak. Thus, the aggregate will always be the same as or larger than the peak.

As a practical matter, many multipath components are typically present in an urban environment, where there are many surfaces (e.g., buildings) which can reflect the radio signal. By contrast, there may be few or no multipath components in a rural environment.

The difference between Aggregate and Peak is variable. Probably the difference will lie in the range of 0 to 4 dB. If the multipath components are small, they will have no contribution and aggregate will be equal to peak (0 dB difference). In the case above where one multipath is equal to the peak, the doubling of power gives +3dB to the aggregate. There might be cases where two components are the same strength as the peak and this would result in an aggregate +4.7dB relative to the

peak. Naturally, if another component becomes higher than the “peak”, it becomes the new peak. Aggregation does not happen over time, but over multipath components that are all simultaneously present.

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4 PCTEL

Connecting PCTEL LX CDMA/EVDO/GSM/WCDMA scanner

4.1

Connect the antenna cable to the scanner RF Input. 1.

Connect the scanner GPS antenna cable to the scanner GPS input (above RF Input). 2.

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Connect the scanner power cable to the scanner serial port (Data). 3.

The scanner cable is split into a serial cable connector and a power cable connector. Connect the 4.

serial cable to one of the COM ports in the PC. Connect the scanner power cable to a cigarette lighter in the car.

When connecting the scanner power cable, check the Power led: 5.

• If the led is first orange for a while and then turns green, the scanner is working properly and using a baud rate of 38400

• If the led blinks orange and black for a while and then turns green, the scanner is working properly and using baud rate of 115200

• If the led is red, the scanner is not working properly. Switch the power off and on again. If this occurs after usage, the device may be overheated. Let it cool down for a while. ♦ Note! Memorize the baud rate. It is needed when starting the device.

Connecting an external GPS to PCTEL LX EVDO/GSM/WCDMA scanner

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.

Connect the GPS serial cable to a PC serial port. 1.

If there is only one port in the PC by default, this port should be reserved for the scanner. In this case connect the GPS to the PCMCIA serial port adapter.

Connect the GPS power cable to a cigarette lighter. 2.

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Connecting PCTEL EX scanners

4.2

To install the device drivers the user must have administrative rights to its PC, and the Take 1.

ownership of files or other objects policy has to be enabled for this user on this PC. Copy the folder /SeeGull EX VCP driver_v.2.1.1.0 to your local drive before installing the 2.

driver, and run the installation from the hard drive.

Right click on the folder and select Properties.

Clear the Read-only attributes and click OK.

Select Apply changes to this folder, subfolder and files as below

and click OK.

Double-click on the SeeGull EX VCP Device Driver.msi installer file to start the driver 3.

installation.

Click Next in the SeeGull Welcome window that appears. 4.

Select the destination folder for the driver in the Destination Folder window, and Click Next, 5.

and click Install.

Click Finish in the InstallationShield Wizard Completed window to exit the wizard. 6.

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Remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna, power and GPS connectors in the front panel. 7.

Connect the power cable to the Power connector in the front panel. Connect the other end of the 8.

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Connect the antenna cables. It does not matter which antenna cable goes to which RF 9.

connector.

Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS. 10.

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Connect the USB data cable to the USB port in the front panel. Connect the other end of the 11.

USB data cable to your PC.

Windows will automatically detect the device. 12.

Connecting the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner

4.3

Remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna and GPS connectors in the front panel. 1.

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Connect the power cable to the Power and Data connector in the front panel. Connect the other 2.

end to a USB port on your computer and to a power source. The green Power indicator in the scanner front panel will light up.

Connect the antenna cables. Note that the antenna cables and the connectors in the scanner 3.

front panel are color coded. The OP042 cable marked with yellow is connected to the RF1 connector marked with yellow (connector on the left). The OP039 cable marked with blue is connected to the RF2 connector marked with purple (connector in the middle).

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Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS (connector on the right). 4.

Windows will have detected the new device and will install the required drivers. Insert the 5.

PCTEL installation CD.

Select No, not this time in the Welcome dialog. 6.

Select Install from a list of specific location and click Next. 7.

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Select Include this option in the search and browse to folder D:\EdgeportUSB\Edgeport 8.

Vendor Data\driver vx.x. Click Next to start the installation.

When the installation is finished, click Finish. Windows will automatically install some additional 9.

drivers and report when the device is ready to be used.

Connecting the PCTEL IBflex scanner

4.4

To install the device drivers the user must have administrative rights to its PC, and the Take 1.

ownership of files or other objects policy has to be enabled for this user on this PC. Browse to folder seegull mx driver\MX winusb driver. For 32-bit operating system run 2.

DPInst.exe from “install x86” folder and for 64-bit operating system run DPInst.exe from “install x64” folder.

The PCTEL USB Device Installer window will appear. Click Next. 3.

If a Windows Security message appears, click Install. 4.

Click Finish in the installation completed window. 5.

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Connect the power cable to the PWR connector in the back panel. Connect the other end of the 6.

cable to a cigarette lighter socket. Turn the switch to On position. The Status indicator in the front panel will light up.

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Connect the antenna cables to connectors RF1 and RF2. 7.

Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS. 8.

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Connect the COM data cable to the COM port in the front panel. Connect the other end of the 9.

COM data cable to your PC.

Windows 7 will automatically detect and install the device. 10.

Go to Device Manager and select PCTEL Devices. Memorize the port number for the PCTEL 11.

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Connecting the PCTEL MX scanner

4.5

To install the device drivers the user must have administrative rights to its PC, and the Take 1.

ownership of files or other objects policy has to be enabled for this user on this PC. Browse to folder seegull mx driver\MX winusb driver. For 32-bit operating system run 2.

DPInst.exe from “install x86” folder and for 64-bit operating system run DPInst.exe from “install x64” folder.

The PCTEL USB Device Installer window will appear. Click Next. 3.

If a Windows Security message appears, click Install. 4.

Click Finish in the installation completed window. 5.

Remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna, power and GPS connectors in the front panel. 6.

Connect the power cable to the PWR connector in the front panel. Connect the other end of the 7.

cable to a cigarette lighter socket. Turn the switch to On position. The Status indicator in the front panel will light up.

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Connect the antenna cables. The label on the scanner lists the frequencies of the radio modules 8.

connected to each specific port, labeled RF1 to RF4. The antenna ports that require antenna connections are identified by their “frequency” on the label. Since each SeeGull MX is configured to minimize the number of ports necessary for use, some ports may be inactive for a particular configuration and are indicated by a blank box.

Connect the GPS antenna to the connector marked GPS. 9.

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Connect the USB data cable to the USB port in the front panel. Connect the other end of the 10.

USB data cable to your PC. Windows will automatically detect and install the device

Go to Device Manager and select PCTEL Devices. Memorize the port number for the PCTEL 11.

MX Scanner item, as you will need it later on.

PcTel MX configurations and antenna ports

4.6

Below is a list of frequencies supported by PCTEL MX scanners. Please note that Nemo Outdoor does not necessarily support all the listed bands.

Band Description

0x0001 Reserved Reserved for future use

0x0082 900/1800 Signal Check Signal Check device supporting European 900/1800

0x0100 American Cellular American 800 MHz Cellular, Forward Band 0x0101 Rev. American Cellular American 800 MHz Cellular, Reverse Band 0x0102 Full American Cellular American 800 MHz Cellular, Full Band 0x0200 American PCS American PCS Region (1.93 – 1.99 GHz),

Forward

0x0201 Rev. American PCS American PCS Region (1.85 – 1.91 GHz), Reverse

0x0202 Full American PCS American PCS Region, Full Band 0x0300 IMT 2000 IMT 2000, Forward Band

0x0301 Rev. IMT 2000 IMT 2000, Reverse Band MHz)(1920-1980 0x0302 Full IMT 2000 IMT 2000, Full Band

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Band Description

0x0401 Reserved Reserved for expansion 0x0402 Reserved Reserved for expansion

0x0500 Japanese 800 (BC0) Japanese 800 MHz Region (Band Class 0) 0x0501 Japanese 800 (BC3) Japanese 800 MHz Region (Band Class 3)

0x0502 Reserved Reserved for expansion

0x0600 European 900 European 900 MHz Region (925 – 960 MHz), E-GSM Forward

0x0601 Rev. European 900 European 900 MHz Reversed Band (880 – 915 MHz)

0x0602 Reserved for expansion Reserved for expansion

0x0700 1800MHz 1800 MHz Region (1805 – 1880 MHz), DCS Forward

0x0701 Rev. 1800 1800 Reverse Band (1710-1785 MHz) 0x0702 Reserved for expansion Reserved for expansion

0x0800 450 MHz Band 450 MHz Region, Forward Band

0x0900 800 Extended SMR 800 MHz SMR Band (Extended Frequencies from 866 to 869)

0x0A00 900 SMR 900 MHz SMR Band

0x0B00 AWS 2100 2100 MHz AWS Forward Band (2110-2155 MHz) 0x0B01 Rev. AWS 2100 2100 MHz AWS Reverse Band (1710-1755 MHz)

0x0C00 Chinese 2000 2000 MHz Band

0x0D00 BRS 2500 2.5 GHz BRS Band (Band Class 3) 0x0E01 3400 Band Class 5 sub Band 3.4-3.6GHz 0x1000 US 700 Upper C/D American Upper 700Mhz Band (C,D Block)

0x1001 Rev. US Upper 700 C/D American Reverse Upper 700MHz Band (C, D Block)

0x1010 US 700 Upper C American Upper 700Mhz Band (C Block)

0x1011 Rev US 700 Upper C American Reverse Upper 700Mhz Band (C Block) 0x1100 US Lower 700 A/B/C American Lower 700MHz Band (A, B, C Block)

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Band Description

Block)

0x11F8 US Lower 700 B/C American Lower 700MHz Band (B, C Block) EUTRA Band 17 (734-746MHz)

0x11F9 Rev. US Lower 700 B/C American Reverse Lower 700MHz Band (B, C Block)

EUTRA Band 17 (704-716MHz)

0x1200 Ext IMT-2000 IMT-2000 Extension (2.6GHz) Band (2620-2690MHz)

0x1201 Rev. Ext IMT-2000 IMT-2000 Extension (2.6GHz) Reverse Band (2500-2570MHz)

0x1300 1500 1500 Band (1475.9-1500.9MHz)

0x1301 Rev. 1500 1500 Reverse Band (1427.9-1452.9MHz) 0x1400 Ext 1500 Extended 1500 Band (1495.9-1510.9MHz) 0x1401 Rev. Ext 1500 Extended 1500 Reverse Band

(1447.9-1462.9MHz)

0x1500 Ext US PCS US PCS Region (1.93 – 1.995 GHz), Forward 0x1501 Rev. Ext US PCS US PCS Region (1.85 – 1.915 GHz), Reverse 0x1600 DL 800 EUTRA 6 Downlink EUTRA Band 6 (875-885MHz)

0x1601 UL 800 EUTRA 6 Uplink EUTRA Band 6 (830-840MHz) 0x1700 DL Japan Lower 800 Downlink EUTRA Band 18 (860-875MHz) 0x1701 UL Japan Lower 800 Uplink EUTRA Band 18 (815-830MHz) 0x1800 DL Japan Upper 800 Downlink EUTRA Band 19 (875-890MHz) 0x1801 UL Japan Upper 800 Uplink EUTRA Band 19 (830-845MHz)

0x1900 European R-900 European Railways-900MHz Region (921-925 MHz)

0x1901 Rev. European R-900 European Railways-900MHz Region (876-880 MHz)

0x1A00 DL European 800 Downlink EUTRA Band 20 (791-821 MHz) 0x1A01 UL European 800 Uplink EUTRA Band 20 (832-862 MHz) 0x1B00 DL 1600 Downlink EUTRA Band 24 (1525-1559 MHz)

Also Fwd L- Band

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Band Description

Also Rev L- Band 0x1C03 DL / UL Ext IMT-2000

(Center Gap) Downlink/Uplink Ext IMT-2000 (Center Gap) EUTRA Band 38 (2570-2620 MHz)

0x1D03 DL / UL 2.3 TDD Downlink/Uplink 2.3 TDD

EUTRA Band 40 (2300-2400 MHz)

0x1EC3 DL / UL 2.5-2.6 (Lower Half)

TDD Downlink/Uplink 2.5-2.6 (Lower Half) TDD EUTRA Band 41 Lower Half (2496-2593 MHz)

0x1F03 DL / UL 1.8 TDD Downlink/Uplink 2.5-2.6 (Lower Half) TDD EUTRA Band 41 Lower Half (1880-1920 MHz) The PcTel MX can be configured in up to five different ways with MISO only, MIMO only, or a

combination of both. Multiple-band antenna ports are used for MISO only and are arranged in rows of two ports. Single-band ports may be used for either MIMO or MISO and are arranged in rows of four ports. In all cases, each band is assigned to a particular antenna port. The antenna connectors on the SeeGull MX are male SMB A (screw-on) type. For MISO radio systems, antenna ports RF1 and RF3 are high band ports supporting up to four bands each in frequency ranges from 1500 MHz to 2600 MHz. Antenna ports RF2 and RF4 are low band ports supporting up to four bands each in frequency ranges from 700 MHz to 1000 MHz.

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The label on the SeeGull MX lists the frequencies of the radio modules connected to each specific port, labeled RF1 to RF8. The antenna ports that require antenna connections are identified by their

“frequency” on the label. Since each SeeGull MX is configured to minimize the number of ports necessary for use, some ports may be inactive for a particular configuration and are indicated by a blank box.

Figure 3. MX label identifying antenna locations.

Example 1

4.6.1

The SeeGull MX as shown in the figure below is configured for the following bands: 2100 AWS, 1900, 850, and 700 MHz bands on a standard MISO radio system. Either an OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna or an OP078H (698 to 2300 MHz) antenna can be connected the RF1 port. The OP078H is recommended in this case to keep all the antenna types. Another OP078H antenna must be connected to port RF4 (700 to 1000 MHz) to service the 700 and 850 MHz bands. Antenna ports RF2 and RF3 are not used in this example and do not require antenna connections.

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Example 2

4.6.2

The SeeGull MX as shown in the figure below is configured for the following bands: 2600, 2100, 1800, and 900 MHz bands on a standard MISO radio system. An OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna must be connected to the RF1 port to handle the 2600 band. Either an OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna or an OP078H (698 to 2300 MHz) antenna can be connected to the RF3 port. The OP216 is

recommended for out of USA applications to keep all the antenna types the same since higher bands are more prevalent in Europe and Asia. The OP078H antenna must be connected to port RF4 (700 to 1000 MHz) to service the 900 MHz band. Antenna port RF2 is not used in this example and does not require an antenna connection.

Figure 5. MISO radio system configured for the European bands.

Example 3

4.6.3

The SeeGull MX as shown in the figure below is configured for the following bands: 2100 AWS, 1900, 850 MIMO, and 700 MHz bands on MIMO and MISO radio systems. Similar to Example 1, either an OP216 (1700 to 2600 MHz) antenna or an OP078H (698 to 2300 MHz) antenna can be connected to the RF1 port. The OP078H is recommended for bands used in USA for the purpose of having the same antenna type. Since antenna ports RF3–RF6 are MIMO antenna ports, each port requires its own antenna. Since the bands on RF3-RF6 are 850 and 700 MHz, the antenna type required is the OP078H for each port. Note that MISO bands (700 A/B/C in this case) are allowed on the MIMO radio system provided an antenna is supplied for each RF port. Antenna port RF2 is not used in this example and does not require an antenna connection.

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Connecting PCTEL PCT scanners

4.7

Run the PL2303_Prolific_DriverInstaller_vx.x.exe (x refers to the version number) file on the 1.

installation CD to install device drivers.

Click Next in the Welcome window that appears. 2.

Click Finish to finish the driver installation. 3.

Next, remove the yellow plastic caps from the antenna and GPS connectors in the front panel of 4.

the PCTEL PCT scanner.

Connect the antenna cable in the RF Input connector. 5.

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Connect the data cable to the Data connector. Connect the other end of the USB data cable to 6.

your PC.

Connect the power cable to the Power connector in the front panel. Connect the other end of 7.

the cable to a cigarette lighter socket.

Windows automatically detects the new hardware. 8.

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Go to Start | Control Panel | System | Hardware | Device Manager and select Ports. 9.

Memorize the port number for the Prolific USB-to-Serial Comm Port item, as you will need it later on.

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Connecting PCTEL scanners to Nemo Invex chassis

4.8

PCTEL scanners are connected to the Nemo Invex chassis (UIC module) with a USB cable. If your PCTEL scanner has a serial cable, you will need a USB serial adapter. The USB cable is connected to the USB-1 or USB-2 port on the UIC module.

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Starting PCTEL scanners

4.9

The PCTEL MX scanner must not be added to Nemo Outdoor before the scanner LED turns green. During the scanner start-up process the LED is amber. If the scanner is added to Nemo Outdoor in the middle of the start-up process, it can cause Nemo Outdoor to crash.

Starting the GPS:

With the PCTEL LX WCDMA scanner you can use either the GSP receiver integrated into the scanner or an external GPS. See page 63 for instructions on how to enable the integrated GPS receiver.

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.

Note that with the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA scanner the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only in UMTS mode.

To be able to make Top-N preamble scanning the scanner receiver must acquire a GPS fix at least 30 seconds before starting the Nemo Outdoor application in online mode. If the existing configuration file includes a PCTEL WiMAX scanner, it is advised to open the configuration file in offline mode. If scanner does not send any results after 30 seconds, it is advised to send a reset command to the scanner via the user

interface.

From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 1.

Click on GPS. 2.

From the list, select the GPS model that you have connected to the PC and click Next. 3.

The GPS Properties dialog is opened. Set the parameters (see the GPS User Manual for 4.

instructions). They should be correct by default. Click OK. The view will return to the Nemo Outdoor main window.

In the Device Status window a green light should be blinking. This means that the GPS is 5.

working properly.

Starting the PCTEL MX/LX/EX/PCT/EXflex/IBflex GSM/WCDMA/1xEVDO/LTE scanner:

Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 1.

From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 2.

Click on Scanner. 3.

From the list of scanners, select the appropriate handler according to the following table, and 4.

click Next.

Scanner Handler

PCTEL LX GSM 1800 PCTEL LX GSM 1800

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Page 60 Scanner Handler PCTEL LX GSM 850 PCTEL LX GSM 850 PCTEL LX GSM 850/1900 PCTEL LX GSM 850/1900 PCTEL LX GSM 900 PCTEL LX GSM 900 PCTEL LX GSM 900/1800 PCTEL LX GSM 900/1800

PCTEL LX UMTS 1700/2100 PCTEL LX UMTS 1700/2100

PCTEL LX UMTS 1900 PCTEL LX UMTS 1900

PCTEL LX UMTS 2100 PCTEL LX UMTS 2100

PCTEL LX UMTS 850/1900 PCTEL LX UMTS 850/1900

PCTEL LX UMTS 850 PCTEL LX UMTS 850

PCTEL LX CDMA/EVDO 850 PCTEL LX EVDO 800

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 450 PCTEL LX EVDO 450

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 850 PCTEL LX EVDO 800

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 1900 PCTEL LX EDVO 1900

PCTEL LX 1xEVDO 800/1900 PCTEL LX EDVO 800/1900

PCTEL EX CDMA/EVDO 850/1900 PCTEL EX CDMA2000 850/1900 EVDO 850/1900

PCTEL EX GSM 850/1900 & WCDMA 850/1900 PCTEL EX GSM 850/1900 UMTS 850/1900

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 & WCDMA 850/2100 PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 UMTS 850/2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 & WCDMA 900/2100 PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 UMTS 900/2100

PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 & WCDMA 2100 PCTEL EX GSM 900/1800 UMTS 2100 PCTEL EX GSM 1900 & WCDMA 2100 AWS PCTEL EX GSM 1900 UMTS AWS

PCTEL EX WIMAX PCTEL EX WIMAX

PCTEL EX 900/1800 WCDMA/TD-SCDMA 2000 PCTEL EX 900/1800 UMTS TDSCDMA 2000

PCTEL EX WCDMA 2100 AWS&GSM 850/ 1900 PCTEL EX GSM 850/1900 UMTS AWS

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Scanner Handler

PCTEL EX LTE 700ABC/Upper 700C/AWS PCTEL EX LTE 700ABC/Upper 700C/AWS

PCTEL EX LTE 700C PCTEL EX LTE 700C

PCTEL EX LTE 700D PCTEL EX LTE 700D

PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700BC PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700BC PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700C PCTEL EX LTE AWS/700C

PCTEL EX LTE 800 PCTEL EX LTE 800

PCTEL EX LTE 800/2600 PCTEL EX LTE 800/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 1600 PCTEL EX LTE 1600

PCTEL EX LTE 1800/2600 PCTEL EX LTE 1800/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 2100 PCTEL EX LTE 2100

PCTEL EX LTE 2100/2600 PCTEL EX LTE 2100/2600

PCTEL EX LTE 2600 PCTEL EX LTE 2600

PCTEL EX LTE AWS PCTEL EX LTE AWS

PCTEL EX Mini series scanners:

WCDMA 2100 PCTEL EX UMTS 2100

WCDMA 850/1900 PCTEL EX UMTS 850/1900

WCDMA 900/2100 PCTEL EX UMTS 900/2100

WCDMA AWS PCTEL EX UMTS AWS

PCTEL EXFLEX PCTEL EXFLEX

PCTEL IBFLEX PCTEL IBFLEX

PCTEL MX PCTEL MX

PCTEL PCT GSM 900/1800 PCTEL PCT GSM 900/1800

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In the Device Configuration dialog, set the COM Port to the port the scanner is connected to. 5.

With MX, EXflex and IBflex scanners, select the PCTEL USB item.

Set the baud rate to the one used by the scanner and click OK. The dialog will be closed and the 6.

scanner should now be connected to the system.

If the dialog did not close, the start-up did not succeed. Check the cable connections and the 7.

settings and try again.

From the View menu activate Device Status. A check mark will appear next to the command 8.

when it is activated.

A green light on the PCTEL scanner in the Device Status window should be blinking. This 9.

means that the device is working properly and scanning using the default settings. See chapter Starting Measurement (page Error! Bookmark not defined.) for instructions on making your own scanner configuration.

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Enabling integrated GPS receiver for PCTEL LX WCDMA/PCTEL EX WiMAX scanner

After the PCTEL LX scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the 1.

Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties.

In the Measurement Properties dialog click the Advanced button. 2.

In the Advanced Properties dialog, select Yes for the Enable Integrated GPS Receiver 3.

option and click OK.

The integrated GPS receiver is now enabled. 4.

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.

Note that with the PCTEL LX GSM /WCDMA scanner the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only with UMTS mode.

To be able to make Top-N preamble scanning the scanner receiver must acquire a GPS fix at least 30 seconds before starting the Nemo Outdoor application in online mode. If the existing configuration file includes a PCTEL WiMAX scanner, it is advised to open the configuration file in offline mode. If scanner does not send any results after 30 seconds, it is advised to send a reset command to the scanner via the user

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Starting the PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner

Start Nemo Outdoor. Do not load any previous device configuration if asked. 1.

From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. 2.

Click on Scanner. 3.

From the list select PCTEL LX GSM 900/1800 and click Next. 4.

In the Device Configuration dialog, Port field you should see two consecutive COM ports (e.g., 5.

COM 3 and COM 4). Select the COM port with the smaller number and click OK. From the Measurement menu, select Add New Device. Click on Scanner. 6.

From the list select PCTEL LX UMTS 2100 and click Next. 7.

In the Device Configuration dialog, Port field you should see two consecutive COM ports (e.g., 8.

COM 3 and COM 4). Select the COM port with the bigger number and click OK.

A green light should be blinking in the Device Status for both devices. This means that the 9.

devices are working properly and scanning using the default settings. If the status field displays, Device is not started, check that you are in online mode (click the Work Offline/Online button

).

The GSM and UMTS scanners will appear as separate devices and must be configured 10.

individually.

Enabling integrated GPS receiver for PCTEL LX GSM/WCDMA dual-mode scanner

Note that with the PCTEL dual-mode scanner the integrated GPS receiver needs to be enabled only for one scanner.

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After the PCTEL LX scanners are connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the 1.

Measurement Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties.

In the Measurement Properties dialog click the Advanced button. 2.

In the Advanced Properties dialog, select Yes in the Enable Integrated GPS Receiver 3.

option and click OK.

The integrated GPS receiver is now enabled. 4.

Note that you cannot use both the integrated and an external GPS receiver at the same time.

Note that with the PCTEL LX GSM /WCDMA scanner the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only with UMTS mode.

Measuring with PCTEL scanners

4.10

Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM scanner

4.10.1

After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement 1.

Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties.

By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you 2.

can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data.

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Go to the Frequency scanning page. 3.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel.

Selecting the BSIC decoding option displays BSIC value in a measurement window.

BSIC threshold defines the minimum BSIC level that the scanner reports.

Select the BCCH C/I option to activate C/I measurements for the BCCH channel. This option is available with PCTEL GSM scanners only.

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By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog. 4.

Select one band from the list or all of them. You can also select one band at a time and add the 5.

bands you want to scan. If all bands are selected, you have the possibility to select Remove All | ... items from every band. Alternatively, if only one band is selected you can remove only items from the current band through Remove All | ...items from current band.

The Available view provides a list of channels that are available for scanning. To add channels to the Selected list, click on a number in the Available list and then click the Add button or simply double-click a channel to add it to the Selected list. To select all available channels for scanning, click the Add All button. An alternative method to select channels is to type the channel numbers in the field at the bottom of the dialog and to click Add.

To remove channels from the Selected list, click on the channel you want to remove and then click the Remove button or double-click the channel. To remove all channels, click the Remove All button. You can select several channels simultaneously by holding down the SHIFT key and clicking on the channels you want to add or remove.

Note that Sample size and Data mode are not enabled with PCT GSM frequency scanning

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Frequency scanning – PCTEL GSM/UMTS scanners

4.10.2

Frequency scanning can be used to scan band power. It is also useful for checking that the band is deselected and for finding out the center frequency.

After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement 1.

Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties. In the Measurement Properties dialog, go to the Frequency scanning, UMTS page. 2.

In the Channel style field, select the channel bandwidth. The options are narrow band (200 kHz) 3.

and wide band (3.84 MHz).

To find out the center frequency used, set the Channel Style to 200 kHz and select all the channels in the frequency region where the carrier should exist; for example, all channels allocated to an operator. The center frequency will stand out in Frequency Scanning mode. The received signal should be above the noise level in order to find out the center frequency.

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Click the Select Channels button to open the Select Channels dialog. 4.

The table displays the channel numbers, not the frequencies. 5.

Remove channels from the Selected list by selecting a channel and clicking the Remove 6.

button.

Add channels to the Selected list by selecting a channel from the Available list and clicking the 7.

Add button.

Click OK to return to the Measurement Properties dialog. 8.

Click OK and OK to close the Measurement Properties dialog and to re-start the scanner with 9.

the new settings.

A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the 10.

device is working properly and scanning using the default settings.

Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 11.

Frequency scanning – PCTEL CDMA/EVDO scanners

4.10.3

After the scanner is connected and activated in Nemo Outdoor, open the Measurement 1.

Properties dialog by selecting Measurement | <device> | General Properties.

By clicking the Advanced button, you will access the Advanced Properties dialog. Here you 2.

can enable and disable the integrated GPS receiver. This means you will not need an external GPS receiver in order to collect position data.

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Go to the Frequency scanning page. 3.

Channel style refers to the bandwidth of the channel. For EVDO scanners, the options are 1250 kHz

Normal and 30 kHz Normal.

Sample size defines the number of samples taken from each channel before a measurement result is

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By clicking the Select Channels button, you can access the Select Channels dialog. 4.

Select one band from the list or all of them. You can also select one band at a time and add the 5.

bands you want to scan. If all bands are selected, you have the possibility to select

Remove All | ... items from every band. Alternatively, if only one band is selected you can remove only items from the current band through Remove All | ...items from current band. The Available view provides a list of channels that are available for scanning. To add channels to the Selected list, click on a number in the Available list and then click the Add button or simply double-click a channel to add it to the Selected list. To select all available channels for scanning, click the Add All button. An alternative method to select channels is to type the channel numbers in the field at the bottom of the dialog and to click Add.

To remove channels from the Selected list, click on the channel you want to remove and then click the Remove button or double-click the channel. To remove all channels, click the Remove All button. You can select several channels simultaneously by holding down the SHIFT key and clicking on the channels you want to add or remove.

After making the appropriate settings, click OK and OK again and go to online mode to start the 6.

scanning.

A green light on the scanner Device Status window should start blinking. This means that the 7.

device is working properly and scanning using the default settings.

Click the Start Recording button to start recording the results in an output file. 8.

Figure

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References

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