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Dental Perspective on Biomedical Waste and Management – A Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Survey: A Cross-sectional Study

Dental Perspective on Biomedical Waste and Management – A Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Survey: A Cross-sectional Study

With this background, the present study was conducted to evaluate the practical calibration and awareness of dentist and auxiliaries in disposal of hazardous biomedical waste generated during dental treatment into color-coded disposing bags at dental hospital so that depending on their attitude, they can be motivated to attend training and CDE programs concerning waste management that will be efficient to properly segregate, disinfect, and dispose hospital waste in an eco-friendly way. Aims and Objectives

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STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES REGARDING MANAGEMENT OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE AMONG HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS AND SANITARY STAFF IN SRINAGAR CITY, INDIA

STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES REGARDING MANAGEMENT OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE AMONG HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS AND SANITARY STAFF IN SRINAGAR CITY, INDIA

The practice towards biomedical waste management in Srinagar city health care establishments were found noncompliance with standard procedure subsequent literature review suggests that this is a common problem in medical centers of underdeveloped country like bagladash.litrature review also suggest that lack of knowledge and training facility lead this problem. The regular monitoring g and training require to manage the biomedical waste in proper way.

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Assessment of Biomedical Waste in Govt. Hospitals of Cuttack City

Assessment of Biomedical Waste in Govt. Hospitals of Cuttack City

The untreated liquid waste from the hospitals and health care centresis flown into the open drainage linked to Taladanda canal and Kathajodi river . The present biomedical waste management practices in the city are unscientific , improper and unlawful . Segregation and storage of waste of infectious and non-infectious waste at the point of generation is grossly neglected .Though the govt hospitals have assigned the task of biomedical waste management to some authorised private agencies but negligence on their part is noticed in Cuttack City . Most private hospitals, nursing homes,clinics and other health care services centre keep on throwing the waste on the streets, footpaths, drains, river and canal sides . Even infectious wastes generated from operation theatres, wards ,laboratories and diagnostic centres are disposed off without any disinfection. Large number of hospitals, nursing homes, health care centres has been identified by the Authority in Cuttack but do not take any initiatives for the safe and scientific disposal of the biomedical wastes. The biomedical wastes get mixed up with the municipal waste and transported to the common disposal point located at Brajabiharipur which is just a few kilometres away from the City.
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Biomedical Waste Management: An Approach To Reduce Environmental Pollution

Biomedical Waste Management: An Approach To Reduce Environmental Pollution

and isolation must be well characterized so that it can work efficiently. Safe and effective management of biomedical waste is not only a legal necessity but it also holds a great concern of social responsibility. There are many problems faced in the proper management of hospital wastes. These problems include lack of concern of people working in that area, general awareness and cost factor. The surveys regarding the waste management processes are needed to be proper and accurate. Children should also be educated about proper handling and management of wastes because they are the future responsible generation of a country and their awareness level would be beneficial for the proper and efficient management of waste products.
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Biomedical Waste Management-Green Dentistry

Biomedical Waste Management-Green Dentistry

Biomedical Waste Management Process Handling, segregation, mutilation, disinfection, storage, transpor tation and final disposal are the vital steps for safe and scientific management of biomedical waste in any establishment. The key to minimization and effective management of biomedical waste is segregation (separation) and identification of the waste. The most appropriate way of identifying the categories of biomedical waste is by sorting the waste into color coded plastic bags or containers.

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BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AMRAVATI CITY

BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AMRAVATI CITY

Abstract: Biomedical waste is one of the major problems in developing countries like India because it causes health impact on human being, plant and on environment. Still Biomedical waste disposed on road side, which increases health impact on man and animal. This work mainly focuses on Biomedical waste management for Amravati city, which consists of collection, segregation, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal. The hospitals are categories in A, B, C, and D groups have been studied to assess the quantity of different types of waste generated, total average waste generated per day and waste generation rate per bed per day. Therefore, on the basis of quantity and type of waste generated the treatment / disposal technique has been suggested. The total average waste generated in hospital-A, B, C, and D is studied as per Amravati Municipal Corporation (AMC) list. The amount of Biomedical waste generated in each hospital is significant, therefore, proper waste management is necessary in due time. It is suggested that a common waste treatment facility for a group of hospitals is best for private hospitals of Amravati.
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Biomedical waste disposal systems of health facilities in Ethiopia

Biomedical waste disposal systems of health facilities in Ethiopia

In this study, the result of bivariate analysis shown in Table 3 indicates that at a 1% level of significance, the status of using safe medical waste disposal method was significantly associated with facility type, managing authority, region, urban/rural, and availability of guidelines for waste management in the service area. This finding is in agreement with a study conducted in India which revealed that biomedical waste management practices were better among hospital staff in comparison with private medical practitioners and marginally higher among those in urban areas in comparison with those in rural areas (18). The management of healthcare waste is an integral part of a national healthcare system. The waste management system consists of all activities related to the handling, treatment, disposal, or recycling of waste materials. The purpose of a waste management system is to make sure that waste materials are removed from the source or location where they are generated and treated, disposed of, or recycled in a safe and proper manner (19). However, in this study, the multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that general hospitals were 7.537 times more likely to use safe medical waste disposal methods than referral hospitals. Furthermore, primary hospitals, health centers, health posts, and medium clinics were 5.914, 4.335, 4.639, and 8.227 times more likely, respectively, to use safe medical waste disposal methods than referral hospitals (Table 4). As a result, a holistic approach to healthcare
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BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AMRAVATI CITY

BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AMRAVATI CITY

Abstract: Biomedical waste is one of the major problems in developing countries like India because it causes health impact on human being, plant and on environment. Still Biomedical waste disposed on road side, which increases health impact on man and animal. This work mainly focuses on Biomedical waste management for Amravati city, which consists of collection, segregation, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal. The hospitals are categories in A, B, C, and D groups have been studied to assess the quantity of different types of waste generated, total average waste generated per day and waste generation rate per bed per day. Therefore, on the basis of quantity and type of waste generated the treatment / disposal technique has been suggested. The total average waste generated in hospital-A, B, C, and D is studied as per Amravati Municipal Corporation (AMC) list. The amount of Biomedical waste generated in each hospital is significant, therefore, proper waste management is necessary in due time. It is suggested that a common waste treatment facility for a group of hospitals is best for private hospitals of Amravati.
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Assessment of Biomedical Waste in Govt. Hospitals of Cuttack City

Assessment of Biomedical Waste in Govt. Hospitals of Cuttack City

In recent years biomedical waste management has become a topic of discussion among the public world wide. Due to socioeconomic development, growth of hospitals and other care facilities are emerging at a first rate. But the management of these wastes generated fromthese institutionshas become a major challenge to the administration due its adverse impacts to the health and environment. Despite efforts ,the present waste management practice by the hospitals and other health care centresof Cutack City are in infant stage which needs intervention on war footing for further improvement. The city is deprived of Common Biomedical Waste Treatment Facility ,absence of Secured Municipal landfill/ burial site and lacks of specialized services and modern technology for waste collection, segregation ,storage,treatment, transportation and disposal. As the present practice of biomedical waste management does not comply to the rules and regulations which may lead to adverse impact on public health and environment at any time. Therefore, scientific management of biomedical waste at every stages from generationto final disposal with the help of trained personnel and use of latest technology is need of the hour .
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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Biomedical Waste Management amongst Future Anaesthetists in a Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital of North India

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Biomedical Waste Management amongst Future Anaesthetists in a Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital of North India

hospital waste is causing an increasing health hazard globally. 7-9 For example, hazardous medical wastes may be handled and disposed of together along with domestic wastes, which in turn will create a health risk for municipal workers, the general public and the environment at large. Since BMW can cause large scale contamination of soil, water and air, Governments across the world have been forced to introduce legal restrains in this area. With a view to control the indiscriminate disposal of hospital waste/biomedical waste, the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Govt. of India has notified the Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 with subsequent amendments (June 2nd 2000, September 2003 and 2011). 4 In order to implement these rules more effectively, these were later superseded by Bio Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2016 with subsequent amendments (March 16 th 2018). 2,3,10,11
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BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN DENTAL OFFICE - A REVIEW

BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN DENTAL OFFICE - A REVIEW

According to Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 of India, BMW (Biomedical Waste) is defined as “Any waste which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biologicals. BMW generated in dental office include plastic, latex, cotton, glass, amalgam waste, mercury, X- ray processing solutions, lead foils, disinfectants, chemicals, dental casts and impressions, waste sharps like surgical needles, blades, extracted teeth, human tissues, discarded, expired medicines and dental materials. All these materials pose high risk as they are saliva and blood contaminated which carry disease spreading microbes.
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Biomedical Waste Ash in Concrete: An Experimental Investigation

Biomedical Waste Ash in Concrete: An Experimental Investigation

ABSTRACT: Biomedical waste generated from hospitals, medical research activities and the other medical sources are causing a major problem in India. The waste generated affects adversely environment as well as the human world. Some studies revealed scope of utilization of biomedical waste ash as partial replacement of cement in concrete. This paper describes the result of an experimental investigation carried out to study the effect of partial replacement of cement with biomedical waste ash.

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Design of automated biomedical waste segregation unit using image processing

Design of automated biomedical waste segregation unit using image processing

Based on a particular biomedical waste color codes, respective trigger is initialized to trigger the biomedical wastes out of the conveyor. The conveyor belt consist of three trigger guns of different tension levels so as to shoot the biomedical wastes to different conveyors running in parallel, which carry 3 different colors yellow, green and blue respectively. (But in the proposed setup we have placed three baskets. Since, it was not economical to fabricate three conveyors in the facility. The distance between the camera and the trigger guns are fixed.
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Analysis and Effect of Plastic and Biomedical waste on Rajouri Town, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Analysis and Effect of Plastic and Biomedical waste on Rajouri Town, Jammu and Kashmir, India

ABSTRACT: Increasing population levels, improved living standards in the community and growth of hospitals and health centers have led to the generation of biomedical waste in Rajouri Town. But due to carelessness and backwardness among some people plastic waste is generated to a great extent. Management of Biomedical and Plastic wastes is one of the major environmental problems of Rajouri town. Improper management and no proper study of these wastes have caused hazards to inhabitants. 90-95% of the waste is disposed of carelessly in open dumps, thus creating problems to the public health and environment. Present study aims at the analysis and effect of these wastes on Rajouri town. This paper aims at analysing the situation of pollution in this area; some remedial measures to control the pollution have also been suggested. Beside this, paper will also aware people of the area about the effect plastic and biomedical waste can have on the environment so that they can protect themselves accordingly. The study will also be useful for the authorities to improve the present system and help in the development of the Rajouri town
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Biomedical waste and its management

Biomedical waste and its management

Doctors, medical nurses, Patients, Visitors, Workers in ancillary services, Service workers dealing with waste treatment and disposal of health unit. Regarding the health care workers, three infections are most commonly transmitted: hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency (HIV) virus [13]. Among the 35 million health care workers worldwide, the estimations show that each year about 3 million receive hard exposures to blood borne pathogens, 2 million of those to HBV, 0.9 million to HCV, and 170,000 to HIV. Also, the workers involved in the collection and treatment of the biomedical waste are exposed to a certain risk.
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BIOMEDICAL WASTE GENERATION AND WAYS TO MANAGE AT DIFFERENT LOCATIONS IN FAIZABAD

BIOMEDICAL WASTE GENERATION AND WAYS TO MANAGE AT DIFFERENT LOCATIONS IN FAIZABAD

Medicinal waste has as of late turned into an issue of much open worry, due in parts of its extending mass and unfavorable consequences for human wellbeing. Quick improvement in medicinal innovation the multiplications of transfer supplies and expanded bundling have added to immense extensions in the volume of therapeutic waste created. The transfer of biomedical waste has turned into an issue of developing worry because of its potential natural risks. The study demonstrates that the rate of biomedical waste age and administration works on applying by doctor's facilities. These practices incorporates incinerator office was accessible at just a single private nursing home. Appropriate gathering, treatment and transfer locales did not exist at Faizabad. The waste transfer hone was observed to be very dangerous and both clinical and non-clinical squanders were observed to be arranged off with no isolation. The therapeutic staff and different specialists have detailed diverse kind of sickness, for example, Diarrhea, hepatitis B/C amid study.
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The Development of a model program for the effective management of biomedical waste in the Caribbean. A Review of barriers within public hospitals in the Caribbean.

The Development of a model program for the effective management of biomedical waste in the Caribbean. A Review of barriers within public hospitals in the Caribbean.

Within the Caribbean region there is increasing concern by environmental health agencies and international health organization in the increasing cases of HIV infections. This infection can be contracted through direct contact with infected person body fluids, and biomedical waste/infectious waste. Biomedical waste handling, storage and disposal practices throughout the Caribbean are considered inadequate in preventing the spreading of infectious diseases, preventing occupational injuries and illnesses and other health risk and environmental pollution. In general, biomedical waste management within the Caribbean region is below internationally accepted EHS standards. There are reported incidents of waste stream mixing and hence originally characterized municipal solid waste being is being contaminated with biomedical waste; making the biomedical waste impact more significant. There are reported cases of uncontrolled health hazards and exposures to infection at municipal waste landfills where landfill “workers” who sort through solid waste as part of a formal and informal waste recycles process within the Caribbean. (Sources: The Gleaner Newspaper “Inside the City of Riverton” Jamaica, April05, 2009. The Guardian Newspaper Trinidad, February 2009). Neither of these landfill workers or hospital staff is provided with training in health and environmental hazards and risks that is associated with biomedical waste being handled.
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Biomedical Waste Management in Private Hospitals of Guwahati-A Review on System Development and Monitoring

Biomedical Waste Management in Private Hospitals of Guwahati-A Review on System Development and Monitoring

The study is to highlight the process development for systematic design and monitoring of Biomedical Waste management in private hospitals of greater Guwahati. Pre implementation studies through a structured questionnaire were taken as personal interview of health workers and other related hospital staff from the random selection of hospitals. Assess the prevailing method (pre implementation) of disposal and to identify the point of intervention were the key investigations. The goal was to develop a system for Bio medical waste management and to implement uniformly throughout the hospitals. After conducting initial assessment through observation checklist, questionnaire, the following points have come into picture: Lack of knowledge in the staff who are involved in the process, Mixing of waste, collection & transportation of waste in an unscientific way, No use of Personal Protective Equipments, Unavailability of four colored Plastic bags to carry the biomedical waste. The studies recommended - Training on Biomedical Waste management, training of Trainer (TOT), Monitoring (supervisor training and follow up), Awareness inside the hospitals needs to be raised by distributing brochures in many places of the hospitals, Urgent need of Bio medical waste transport trolley in some of the hospitals, Infection control committee needs to be formed in some hospitals etc. A scientific novel approach has been strongly recommended for a hygienic Biomedical Waste Management .
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Biomedical waste management - a public health hazard: an overview of literature

Biomedical waste management - a public health hazard: an overview of literature

Biomedical waste management in a health care setup is an alarming human and environmental health concern. Despite the implementation of biomedical waste management and handling rules by the Government of India, the biomedical waste management still remains a serious issue due to the lack of awareness, improper knowledge and practices among the health care personnel. Health care workers should have proper knowledge and training regarding collection, segregation, and disposal of biomedical waste. Best management practices should be followed, especially when disposing hazardous wastes. Biomedical waste management program should be made a part of the academic curriculum and continuing dental education. This article provides a detailed overview on biomedical waste management in medical and dental settings and emphasizes on the importance of public health stakeholders.
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Global Biomedical Waste Management Issues and Practices

Global Biomedical Waste Management Issues and Practices

According to the study on BMWM in Ghana on 2016, presently for management and safe disposal of medical waste there is no legislation to provide guidance and enforcement for health facilities in Ghana. Therefore, it caused that each health facility for managing and disposal of medical waste decides independently which widely risk to public health and environment. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of Ghana by the collaboration of Ministry of local government and rural development published guidelines for how the institutions should manage the biomedical waste disposal. They recommended using of different colored containers and bags such as black for general waste, yellow for infectious waste and brown for hazardous waste management and disposal. However, all hospital facilities in Ghana follows these guidelines. To know how the hospitals, manage the BMW according to guidelines, on 2014 tried to study the two largest hospitals in Accra, The Korle Bu Teaching Hospital and the Ridge Regional Hospital. In the Korle Bu hospital, the findings show that only one of brick incinerator out of three and one mechanical incinerator out of two existing were operational. And 20% of solid waste were separated by coloured bags at sources, and all types of waste ended up in the same landfill (disposal site). The bags were
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