Looking at the user side of things, there are also a number of important trends. First, the mobile revolution has dramatically changed the world in the last five years. A business model such as a real-time car sharing service becomes possible only with the ability to locate the nearest car using a smartphone. Social networks are also providing interesting potential in a connectedworld. For example, manufacturers now consider creating an individual Facebook page for each produced asset (“a home page for my car”). Finally, localization services such as FourSquare (“John Doe just checked in at the local Starbucks”) provide a huge business potential.
CTOUCH brings the world at your fingertips. Literally. What you see is what you touch, what you touch is what you see. With CTOUCH, professionals everywhere now have top-notch interactive solutions right there where they want it: within hand’s reach. Without touch, it is impossible to imagine a connectedworld.
Recent studies demonstrate meaningful benefits from connected medical devices. One workshop participant said that “one of the most significant benefits that we have from this connectedworld [is] the ability to . . . draw the patients in and engage them in their own care.” 29 Another participant described a clinical trial showing that, when diabetic patients used connected glucose monitors, and their physicians received that data, those physicians were five times more likely to adjust medications, resulting in better disease management and substantial financial savings for patients. He stated that the clinical trial demonstrated that diabetic patients using the connected glucose monitor reduced their average blood sugar levels by two points and that, by comparison, the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) considers medications that reduce blood sugar by as little as one half point to be successful. 30
To ensure R-BGP works in all cases, we evaluate its performance for both edge link and core link failures. (1) Dual-Homed Edge Domains: It is common in today’s Internet for edge domains to be multi-homed. Multi-homing is sought after to improve resilience to access link failure. But how effective is such a backup approach in prevent- ing transient disconnectivity? To answer this we look at the effect of taking down a link connected to a dual homed edge domain. For each of the 9200 dual-homed edge do- mains in our AS graph, we run a simulation, in which we take down one of the domain’s two access links, and ask how many source ASes will experience transient discon- nectivity to the domain. Specifically, we compare the per- formance of BGP and the R-BGP variants using the fol- lowing metric: Among the sources that will be connected to the dual homed edge domain after BGP converges, what fraction will see disconnectivity during convergence? We also use this scenario to determine the performance of the various protocols when multiple links are taken down, and when a link comes back up at the same time that another goes down. Further, we quantify the relative overhead of the various versions of R-BGP by measuring the number of routing messages exchanged and the time to converge. (2) Core Link Down: While the above scenario looks at access links, many more ASes can be affected when core links fail and so it’s important to confirm that R-BGP avoids transient disconnectivity in these scenarios as well. We de- fine a core link as a connection between two non-stub do- mains. In this scenario we compare the various protocols on the following metric: Among the AS pairs that were us- ing the down core link, and will be connected after BGP converges, what fraction will see disconnectivity during convergence? For each of the 200 links that we tested, we ran 24142 simulations, one for each possible destination AS, and averaged the results across links.
There are two key proponents of the theory of connectivism. The first of these is Stephen Downes, who works in the areas of online learning, content syndication, and new media for the National Research Council, Institute for Information Technology, in Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada 7 . Downes has studied connective knowledge that he characterizes as interactive, knowledge of a connection within a network (Downes, 2005). George Siemens is Associate Director of the Learning Technologies Centre at the University of Manitoba: he has worked with learners and employees in global business and education environments 8 . Both are exponents of the openness and interpretive nature of knowledge and the connectedness of learning online, and model connected online learning and knowledge sharing through their blogs and web sites (see page 6).
health emergency of international concern, in accordance with established decision instruments. See World Health Organization, International Health Regulations (2005), 2d ed (Geneva: WHO, 2005) at Article 6, online: <whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241580410_eng.pdf?ua=1> [WHO IHR]. Signatories are also required to furnish to the WHO relevant data concerning the sources of infection or contamination – including vectors and reservoirs at its point of entry – which could result in international spread of disease. In accordance with the WHO IHR, when a state party collects or receives personal information pursuant to the WHO IHR from another state party or from the WHO, the former state party is required to keep the personal information confidential and to process it anonymously as required by national law. States parties may disclose and process personal information where it is essential for the purposes of assessing and managing a public health risk, subject to certain conditions. The information should be processed in accordance with national law; it should not be further processed in excess of the purpose; it should be accurate and up to date; and it should not be retained longer than necessary. See WHO IHR, Articles 19, 45, and 45.2.
All the keypads and expanders on an SPC system are connected via the X-BUS, a high-speed and high-length field bus. The X-BUS can be wired either in a stand- ard spur configuration (open loop) or – for high fault tolerance – in a ring (closed loop). The ring topology protects the system against possible communication faults by isolating the faulty branch in the ring, leaving the rest of the system unaffected. The X-BUS concept enables secure power distribution as it can be separated into branches to independently power the devices. Both data communica- tion and device voltage supply can also be done via the same cable.
A t the heart of Sweden’s vibrant and dynamic society is a tradition of innovation that has facilitated the rapid adoption of new technologies, which are the basis for the ongoing digital transfor- mation of the economy. Swedish consumers continue to adopt new behaviors to exploit the proliferation of connected devices and applications, encouraging the nation’s entrepreneurs to experiment with new products and business models that leverage the power of a globally integrated internet economy. the result is a promising environment for digital development that supports the many global leaders and local champions pioneering the opportunities created by the emerging digital economy.
online. Demographics play a role in the last factor: in many markets, the heaviest users of the Internet are the young—no surprise there—and those over 55, whose ranks will swell as the population ages. (See Exhibit 8.) All these factors are on the rise, which points to continued growth in the consumer surplus. Various aspects of consumer surplus are illus- trated in the country profiles at the end of this report. These profiles also show the In- ternet’s impact on GDP and on the retail market in each country. Most significantly, they highlight how deeply the Internet has ingrained itself in daily life around the world, by showing what consumers are willing to give up—from satellite navigation to sex—in order to keep their Internet access.
The “internet of things” refers to a world in which machines can communicate with each other via the internet without human intervention. The FTC indicated in May 2013 that it would hold this workshop to explore the privacy implications of this rapidly emerging business model and how these implications weigh against possible societal benefits of the technology.
The healthcare industry in Asia-Pacific is undergoing a transformation under the influence of an evolving consumer profile, dynamic disease patterns and increasing healthcare costs. Natasha Gulati, Connected Health Industry Analyst, Frost & Sullivan Asia Pacific, said “Efficient, affordable and timely delivery of quality healthcare services is a priority for governments across the region.” M2M communication is now being explored in healthcare by medical device manufacturers and mobility solutions providers who are investing in integrating advanced communication technologies, such as motion sensing and wireless, into patient monitoring devices.
One might suppose that developments in the form and function of newer devices would include protection against such risks. Yet the vulnerabilities persist primarily because the forms of attack are still effective. As previously noted, increasingly complex systems have more potential points of failure. Any party seeking mischief against an IoT installation may target individual devices or target the network and communication infrastructure. Most attacks use standard protocols to overwhelm the target. Since the connectivity and communication protocols are fundamental aspects of the system, they cannot be disabled as a defence. In consequence, any connected device will be vulnerable, by its nature. The inherent risks are unauthorised access (to data or control). With network access to a device, an intruder may retrieve stored data from the device or modify the device behaviour by means of remote commands or re- programming the device’s standard behaviour.
The issues of data management and secure sharing are certainly not unique to cyber intelligence. MASS have decades of experience in the Electronic Warfare (EW) domain, where the THURBON™ next-generation data management system provides an internationally-connected, flexible, scalable, XML-based platform. THURBON was designed to deliver high levels of automation, ease of use and integration with existing tools, fully supporting the drive for increased efficiency and reduced operating costs. These drivers are equally present within the cyber domain.
Cerf has received numerous awards and commendations in connection with his work on the Internet. Among these are the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the U.S. National Medal of Technology, the ACM Alan M. Turing Award, the Japan Prize, the Queen Elizabeth Prize in Engineering, the Marconi Fellowship, the Charles Stark Draper Award of the National Academy of Engineering, the Prince of Asturias Award for Science and Technology, the Tunisian National Medal of Science, the St. Cyril and St. Methodius Order (Grand Cross) of Bulgaria, the Alexander Graham Bell Award presented by the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, the NEC Computer and Communications Prize, the Silver Medal of the International Telecommunications Union, the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal, the IEEE Koji Kobayashi Award, the ACM Software and Systems Award, the ACM SIGCOMM Award, the Computer and Communications Industries Association Industry Legend Award, the Yuri Rubinsky Web Award, the Kilby Award, the Rotary Club International Paul P. Harris Medal, the Joseph Priestley Award from Dickinson College, the Yankee Group/Interop/Network World Lifetime Achievement Award, the George R. Stibitz Award, the Werner Wolter Award, the Andrew Saks Engineering Award, the IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the Computerworld/Smithsonian Leadership
relevant looseleaf from the library. You catch a taxi, in which you choose to scan and triage more emails on your phone instead of watching the world go by. Then on to the appointment, where you use the reference material you took to back up your legal points and record notes on your laptop/tablet. In the taxi on the way back, you use the phone again to do a bit of admin by recording your time and check the 25 emails that came in while you were out.
In the near term (one to three years) the network edge is a prime area for deployment of virtual platforms to handle the growth in bandwidth per user, which is driving requirements for scaling and agility. This is the point at which users’ traffic is routed and handled according to service profiles to which they have subscribed. At this location in fixed and mobile networks, decisions are made about security, content delivery, quality of service, access control and other functions, using modules that are perfect candidates for transformation to virtual designs from prior implementations. In these areas, it is possible to choose a service function (say, policy enforcement for traffic steering to value-add services or security inspection for malicious traffic prevention) and transition just that function to a virtualized implementation as part of a transition plan. Guidance in the near term can be found from the use cases and specifications being developed as part of the ETSI NFV working groups (as one plausible reference). A strong example being enabled by Metaswitch Networks is virtualization of session border controls in IP multimedia services. Gains from implementing a virtualized SBC such as the Perimeta SBC are being borne out in early testing in forums such as EANTC’s NFV Showcase at the 2013 NFV and SDN World Congress. 8