Drip Irrigation System

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Smart Drip Irrigation system

Smart Drip Irrigation system

IX. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE The Smart drip irrigation system is designed to control the irrigation system, depending upon the climatic conditions. The climatic conditions are updated in the cloud with respect to the time. It enables the farmers to know about the status of the climate and the working of the irrigation system. The primary application of this system is for the farmers and gardeners who do not have enough time to water their crops/plants. It also covers those farmers who are wasting water during irrigation. As water supplies become scarce and polluted, there is a need to irrigate more efficiently in order to minimize water use and chemical leaching. Recent advances in soil, water sensing make the commercial use of this technology possible to automate irrigation management for vegetable production. However, research indicates that different sensor types perform under all conditions with no negative impact on crop yields with reductions in water use range as high as 70% compared to traditional practices.
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ACID TREATMENT FOR DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM

ACID TREATMENT FOR DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM

Drip irrigation means the drop by drop application of water directly to the plant root zone, Drip irrigation saves up to 50% of water on comparison to flood and furrow system of irrigation, Fertigation via Drip is 30% more effective than Flooding, The Combination of drip irrigation and Fertigation increases the productivity by up to 200% and in sugarcane by 133%, Saves the energy, Reduces the weed growth, Reduces the Incidence and Transmission of Pests and Diseases, When the Drip irrigation system is not Maintained properly, that is when day to day cleaning activities of Drip system is not performed, it leads to Blockage or Clogging of drip irrigation System, Majorly the problem of clogging arises due to the precipitation of the salts, to rectify this problem Acid treatment is Necessary, In the Acid treatment the selected acid is injected in to the drip system via the Venturi or fertigation tank, Where the Acidulated water remains in the laterals for 24 hours and then that Solution is driven out by the means of fresh water.
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Design of Drip Irrigation System by Renewable Energy

Design of Drip Irrigation System by Renewable Energy

Asst. Professor Civil Engineering Department, Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Engineering and Management and Research, Akurdi, Pune (MH) INDIA Abstract: Drip irrigation, also known as micro irrigation or localized irrigation, is an irrigation method that saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, lateral, and drip. It is done through narrow tubes that deliver water directly to the base of the plant. Drip irrigation can help to use water efficiently. A well-designed drip irrigation system loses practically no water to run- off, deep 3“Solar Powered Drip irrigation system” especially designed for farmers, who do not have access to conventional power and has small land holding. The solar pumps have Brushless DC motors which receives power from the PV panels. This system does not have any batteries. Hence the solar pumps start early in the morning & continue to work till late evening. To analyze the impact of adoption of drip irrigation technology by farmers on productivity of fruits, sugarcane and vegetables by comparing it with conventional non-drip irrigated fields To assess the efficiency of water, electricity and fertilizer use under drip and non-drip irrigated fruit, sugarcane and vegetable crops cultivation To analyze the economic viability of drip system investment in fruit, sugarcane and vegetable crops To investigate the salinity and nitrate-N distribution in the soil profile under drip and conventional (non-drip) irrigated cropped farmers’ fields To verify nitrate contamination in ground water sources from wells located in drip irrigated and conventional (non-drip) irrigated cropped fields The field study revealed that drip irrigation & fustigation has the, Potential to increase productivity in fruit, vegetable crops and Sugarcane significantly besides conserving resources such as water, Fertilizer, power, labour etc as compared to conventional irrigation The economic analysis revealed that drip irrigation was found to be a profitable and efficient technology for fruit, sugarcane and vegetable crops with positive customer Cost of capital. With reduced leaching losses and by maintaining the soil health the MI technology is proved to be an environment friendly technology.
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PC-BASED AUTOMATED DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM

PC-BASED AUTOMATED DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM

2. Materials and methods 2.1. Drip irrigation station The pumping station is used to pump water from a well into a reservoir (figure 1). The pump is selected according to the requirements in litters per minute and the pressure required to pipes. The operation of the pump is dependent on the water level in the reservoir. The overpressure will ensure adequate pressure for the distribution of water in the pipes. The soil moisture detector allows controlling soil water status. The manometer measures the water pressure in the irrigation system. The drip irrigation system is installed at the Faculty of Sciences Meknes in Morocco.
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Automatic Drip Irrigation System through Iot

Automatic Drip Irrigation System through Iot

Drip irrigation system makes the efficient use of water and fertilizer. Water is slowly dripped to the roots of the plants through narrow tubes and valves. Water is fed directly to the base of the plants which is a perfect way to water plants. For motor on and off we are using relay through IOT.

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Financial feasibility of drip irrigation system in grape cultivation

Financial feasibility of drip irrigation system in grape cultivation

The above results are in agreement with findings of Uday et al. (2007), Aravind Kumar (2013). Conclusion The results of the study have convincingly shown that the investments on drip irrigation system in grapes are financially feasible. Further, the growing scarcity of farm labour guides us to adopt improved farm technologies like micro irrigation. Drip irrigation helps in reducing labour requirement to a greater extent in grapes cultivation. Hence, special efforts are needed to popularize the drip irrigation scheme. To provide further impetus to water saving efforts especially in water scarcity regions in Bijapur district, Government of Karnataka can promote the new generation of irrigation technology involving subsurface drip irrigation (SDI), where the irrigation can be applied below the soil surface (Anonymous 2012). This method results in even higher levels of water use efficiency through reduced runoff, evaporation and other parameters, and provides nutrients to plants while maintaining a dry soil surface. Farmers in the study felt that there was a long delay in disbursement of subsidy amount because of lengthy official procedures. Therefore, these procedures have to be simplified in terms of number of documents, number of days required for approval. And time schedule need to be formulated for disbursal of subsidies by the Government agencies. The manufacturers or dealers in drip irrigation systems are eager only to install drip irrigation system without regard for subsequent problems or operational difficulties or follow up.
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Development and Evaluation of a Drip Irrigation System in Southeastern Nigeria

Development and Evaluation of a Drip Irrigation System in Southeastern Nigeria

There is need to create technology for efficient water usage to improve water management as nature cannot be controlled. Drip irrigation system is one type of technology for improvement of water supply management and food crisis. These systems use low flow rates and low pressures at the emitters and are typically designed to only wet the root zone and maintain this zone at or near an optimum level. This conserves water by not irrigating the whole

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Automated Drip Irrigation System based on Embedded System and GSM Network

Automated Drip Irrigation System based on Embedded System and GSM Network

ABSTRACT: Agriculture is the largest livelihood provider in India. It also contributes a significant figure to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).Irrigation plays an important role in agriculture. World’s water resources are vanishing, use of proper method for irrigation is important and it is well known that irrigation by drip is very economical and efficient. In this paper the design and implementation with a prototype of Automated Drip Irrigation System that provides the exact field condition and used to control the wastage of water in the field, atomizing the agricultural environment by using the components and building the necessary hardware in mentioned. . This system use GSM which helps in periodically learning the field status from the sensor deployed in field spaces, the irrigation service is influenced by the change of field status. The farmers are allowed to access this said drip irrigation system with their personal communication devices. The system monitors the field conditions and guides the farmer to the deal with irrigation scheduling. Proposed System has overcome limitations of previous systems like distance problem, range problem. The system focuses to automate the irrigation system, so that the drip devices can be controlled automatically from anywhere and anytime. This approach is very beneficial and efficient for water conservation. This system’s automation-based irrigation policy has the potential to smoothen the operations of irrigation systems, as well as mitigate labour related work on field.
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Response of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) to fertigation by irrigation scheduling in drip irrigation system

Response of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) to fertigation by irrigation scheduling in drip irrigation system

Conclusion From the present investigation it could be concluded that drip irrigation system found to be very promising in saving water and fertilizers, also controlling weed growth thereafter allowing plant to gain more water and nutrients which further tends to increase nutrient content and uptake in fruit and plant of tomato. Hence, growth, yield and nutrient uptake by tomato was found to be very significant with drip at 75 % PE and at 75 % RDF through fertigation + 2 foliar spray of 1 % urea phosphate.

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The Application of Drip Irrigation System on Tomato (Lycopersicum Esculentum Mill)

The Application of Drip Irrigation System on Tomato (Lycopersicum Esculentum Mill)

This study aimed to analyze the performance of drip irrigation systems, determine performance of tomato treated under the irrigation systems.Field research was conducted at the Laboratory of Land and Water Resources Engineering; and at the Laboratory ofintegrated field, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung in August 2013 to December 2013.Irrigation systems consisted of main componens: water supplies, Polythilene lateral tube, and emitters. Emitter on every pot, were made of Polythilene (PE) fabric.Pot experiment consisted of 32 pots, divided into two groups, a group of 16 pots was treated with surface drip irrigation system and the other half was treated with subsurface drip irrigation system. Variables observed to the irrigation systems wereflowrate, coefficient variance (CV), emition uniformity (EU). Variables observed to the plant were evapotranspiration (ET c ), K c , Soil moisture, water consumption, plant growth, and yield. The results showed that the surface drip irrigation system had flowrate of 0.96 liter/hour, CV of 0.41 and EU of 54.85%, while the subsurface drip irrigation system had flowrate of 1.08 liter/hour, CV of 0.41 and EU of 56.43%. Plants performance treated with surface drip irrigation system showed total crop evapotranspiration (ET c ) of 490,8 mm, while subsurface drip irrigation system showed total crop evapotranspiration (ET c ) of 580,9 mm.Higher crop evapotranspiration of subsurface drip irrigation system was due to better plant growth in the subsurface drip irrigation system. This was also shown by higher crop coefficience (K c ) of subsurface drip irrigation system.
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Elegant Drip Irrigation System for Corparate Farming via Iot

Elegant Drip Irrigation System for Corparate Farming via Iot

Chaitanya Institute of Technology and Science, Warangal, Telangana ABSTRACT Drip irrigation system makes the efficient use of water & fertilizers. The concept of this irrigation system is to irrigate only the root zone of the plants. Drip irrigation allows water to drip slowly to the roots of plants. Drip is especially suitable for arid , hot and windy areas. Drip irrigation system which supply controlled amounts of water to plants. Subsurface application of water to the root zone also has the potential to improve yields by reducing the incidence of disease. The data from sensors is continuously uploaded to the cloud hosted for drip irrigation system. This system also enables suggestions for the admin & user.
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Optimum Design of Drip Irrigation System using Microtubes as Emitters

Optimum Design of Drip Irrigation System using Microtubes as Emitters

Clogging of the small conduits in the emitters is the most serious problem of drip irrigation system. Sand and clay particles, debris, chemical precipitants and organic growth can block flows through emitters. The clogging occurs gradually and reduces the flow rates of emitters and causing poor water distribution (Vermeiren and Jobling, 1980). This problem will lead to poor productivity in farms or orchards because some parts of the land obtain more water while other parts do not meet the minimum requirement of plants due to evaporation. Clogging occurs mainly due to passage of water through the very fine pores of the emitters. Thus, emitters with smaller passages are more susceptible to blockage. The delivered water contains suspended particles, salts and dissolved fertilizers which create severe problems that require tedious efforts and skilled man-power to resolve. Using acid injection and/or replacing new emitters are the main common solutions for clogging problem which both are time consuming and impose huge running cost to the system (Gilbert et al., 1981). Moreover, uneven flow rate due to pressure head loss is another major problem of this system. Drip irrigation systems do not apply water with perfect uniformity along the crop rows. Some of the variability is caused by manufacturing imperfection in the emitters, but the major problem crops up from the stance of the system design, in terms of the frictional loss in the direction of flow through the lateral pipe or tubing where emitters are attached (Myers and Bucks, 1972).
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Embedded Controlled Drip Irrigation System

Embedded Controlled Drip Irrigation System

Abstract: The conventional irrigation methods like overhead sprinklers, flood type feeding systems usually wet the lower leaves and stem of the plants. The entire soil surface is saturated and often stays wet long after irrigation is completed. Such condition promotes infections by leaf mold fungi. The flood type methods consume large amount of water and the area between crop rows remains dry and receives moisture only from incidental rainfall. On the contrary the drip or trickle irrigation is a type of modern irrigation technique that slowly applies small amounts of water to part of plant root zone. In the developed system the temperature will be measured and it will be displayed for information of further action taken in consideration. Also measure the moisture and display the moisture condition for the further action taken this system help the farmer to save the water as well as reduce effort of the farmer of water control action for the irrigation. According to the parameter reading and this information is given to the embedded system then embedded system will take which valves are closed and which valve will be open.
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Smart Drip Irrigation System Using IOT

Smart Drip Irrigation System Using IOT

Keywords: Smart Drip Irrigation, Automated Drip Irrigation, Soil Moisture, Drip Irrigation, Irrigation System I. INTRODUCTION India is the country of village and agriculture plays an important role for development of country. In our country, agriculture depends on the monsoons which has insufficient source of water. So the irrigation is used in agriculture field. In Irrigation system, depending upon the soil type, water is provided to plant. In agriculture, two things are very important, first to get information of about the fertility of soil and second to measure moisture content in soil. Nowadays, for irrigation, different techniques are available which are used to reduce the dependency of rain. And mostly this technique is driven by electrical power and on/off scheduling. In this technique, water level indicator placed in water reservoir and soil moisture sensors are placed root zone of plant and near the module unit handles the sensor information and transmit data to the controller which in turns the control the flow of water through the valves. The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming the agriculture industry and enabling farmers to content with enormous challenges they face. Livestock monitoring, conservation monitoring and plant & soil monitoring are the challenges where IoT can be a solution. The innovative IoT applications address the issues in agriculture and increase the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production. Here we are using different sensors like humidity, temperature, moisture, rain drop etc.
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Automated Drip Irrigation System Based On Microcontroller

Automated Drip Irrigation System Based On Microcontroller

1,2,3,4,5 Department of Civil Engineering 1,2,3,4,5 G. M. Vedak Institute of Technology Tala, Raigad, Maharashtra, India Abstract— With this project, we achieved successful results by testing out the questions asked at the beginning of the paper. The purpose of the smart irrigation system for large or small scale and make it smarter and more effective. Different sensors (Soil Moisture, Light, Temperature, level, rain, flow) with different another device |(water pump, Battery, LCD, Solenoid valve) have been used to make this project. Using Arduino proved profitable, it is able to serve numbers of different sensors, at the same time and the markets offer various type and sizes of sensors. Arduino boards are another device. Furthermore, two woody tables and three sheets of foam have been used in the project. Several of design criteria had used in this system. The sensors used was perfect in detecting and sending signals to Arduino, to control the water pump and to open the solenoid valve, it has been tasted indoor as it is on the farm. The purpose of screen monitor is to show the flow for each line, which shows if there is any passing of water in pipes. Also, if it is raining the system will not work in order to save the water. The mobile application is to control the system remotely. Which allow a user to monitor the whole system and if there is any problem or passing of water user can switch off the system through this application.
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Design and Development of Automatic Drip Irrigation System

Design and Development of Automatic Drip Irrigation System

agriculture in India, many automatic technologies have been introduced into agricultural productions. Irrigation in agriculture is one of the main tasks. It is very much important to water the crops as per their need. Very less watering or too much watering can damages the crops. The total rainfall in a particular area may be either insufficient, or ill-timed. In order to get the maximum yield, it is essential to supply the optimum quantity of water, and maintain correct timing of water. This is possible only through a systematic irrigation system. By the construction of proper distribution system, the yield of crop may be increased because of controlled water supply. In present irrigation system, a farmer cannot check the moisture level of soil. A new idea for saving each drop of water by the way to test the soil condition before supplying water to the crop field. Hence sometimes it may happen that the watering is more than the need of the crop and sometimes water doesn’t reach upto the roots of the plants. This will waste the water and efforts. If water doesn’t reach upto the plants roots then it will directly affect the plant growth and profit.
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Productivity of fertirrigated sugarcane in subsurface drip irrigation system

Productivity of fertirrigated sugarcane in subsurface drip irrigation system

Drip irrigation systems have proved to be highly efficient in water-saving in agriculture. The formation of a wetted bulb in the cultivated soil, especially in areas of intense microorganism activity and high concentration of the culture´s root system is reported (Thorburn et al., 2003). Since nutrient balance is associated with the correct management of irrigation water, nitrogenated fertilizers in the soil undergo chemical and microbial

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The development of technology to adapt and maximise the drip irrigation system

The development of technology to adapt and maximise the drip irrigation system

Late irrigation treatments (from 2 weeks prior to harvest and through the harvest period) had little effect. There was no advantage in increasing the late irrigation appli[r]

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Remote Scheduling System for Drip Irrigation System Using Geographic Information System

Remote Scheduling System for Drip Irrigation System Using Geographic Information System

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Abstract The Internet is widely accessible in Tanzania. Most of the technologies used in different organiza- tions have changed to address their functions using web based information systems. In this paper, attempt is made to design software system using geographical information system (GIS) for the spa- tial and temporal distribution of irrigation supply for large-scale drip irrigation systems in Tanza- nia. Map based information system has gained popularity after evolution of simple tools to present spatial information using Internet. Due to water scarcity, it is envisioned that by 2050 the world won’t have enough water for communities, industries and agriculture. Web based precision irriga- tion system refers to deployment of remotely precision irrigation services using the application interface that connects to the Internet. Hence, this study presents the GIS in the context of preci- sion farming to achieve precision irrigation strategy with special reference to precision farming of tea in Tanzania. The GIS-based irrigation scheduling system was designed for the scheduling daily drip irrigation water deliveries and regular monitoring of irrigation delivery performance for maximum yield. The “Scheduling” program computes the right amount of irrigation deliveries based on tea water requirements. The “Monitoring” program gives information on the uniformity of water distribution and the shortfall or excess.
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Remote Scheduling System for Drip Irrigation System Using Geographic Information System

Remote Scheduling System for Drip Irrigation System Using Geographic Information System

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Abstract The Internet is widely accessible in Tanzania. Most of the technologies used in different organiza- tions have changed to address their functions using web based information systems. In this paper, attempt is made to design software system using geographical information system (GIS) for the spa- tial and temporal distribution of irrigation supply for large-scale drip irrigation systems in Tanza- nia. Map based information system has gained popularity after evolution of simple tools to present spatial information using Internet. Due to water scarcity, it is envisioned that by 2050 the world won’t have enough water for communities, industries and agriculture. Web based precision irriga- tion system refers to deployment of remotely precision irrigation services using the application interface that connects to the Internet. Hence, this study presents the GIS in the context of preci- sion farming to achieve precision irrigation strategy with special reference to precision farming of tea in Tanzania. The GIS-based irrigation scheduling system was designed for the scheduling daily drip irrigation water deliveries and regular monitoring of irrigation delivery performance for maximum yield. The “Scheduling” program computes the right amount of irrigation deliveries based on tea water requirements. The “Monitoring” program gives information on the uniformity of water distribution and the shortfall or excess.
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