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Defining and identifying the knowledge economy in Scotland: a regional perspective on a global phenomenon

Defining and identifying the knowledge economy in Scotland: a regional perspective on a global phenomenon

In the first instance, the OECD’s definitions relate strongly to manufacturing processes and industries, whereas for many advanced economies, there is a strong prima facie case for believing that elements of their business (and even personal) service sectors would be integral components of their domestic “knowledge economies” on any sensible definition. Furthermore, even within manufacturing itself the OECD schema essentially classifies industries/commodities as “High Technology”, “Medium Technology”, etc, on the basis of their total (i.e.world-wide) production factors content; including, in particular, their embodied total skilled labour content. Whilst such a “global technological perspective” may be appropriate for organisations with an international remit such as the OECD, it is of far less immediate policy relevance to individual nations or regions, for which it is the domestic factor content of the parts of the production chain in which they are actually involved that defines and classifies local economic activities as part of the domestic “high technology” or “knowledge” industrial base.

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PROBLEMS OF NARCISSISM IN EDUCATION: THE CULTURE OF NARCISSISM AS A DANGEROUS GLOBAL PHENOMENON FOR THE FUTURE

PROBLEMS OF NARCISSISM IN EDUCATION: THE CULTURE OF NARCISSISM AS A DANGEROUS GLOBAL PHENOMENON FOR THE FUTURE

As a result of this absence of great societal goals, postmodern man has gradually closed up in his mortal finitude, stripped of all metaphysical support in religion (in the original Calvinist theism) or in categorical moral imperatives (the Enlightenment ideal of autonomous morality). This loss of an overall meaning of life goes hand in hand with another phenomenon that causes many problems today, especially in the field of education and people’s attitude to work: indifference. Indifference is apathy of a new style (Lipovetsky, 2005, p. 51), stemming from the fact that our society does not recognize any priority, definitive codification or center, but only a ceaseless selection from a chain of equal stimulations (Lipovetsky, 2005, p. 53). This new kind of apathy toward learning anything new is not caused by any distress, but rather by an excess of constantly alternating stimuli, which ultimately causes that the more rights, comforts, possibilities and information society gives us, the less we care about them (Lipovetsky, 2005, p. 53).

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Disability as Socio Political and Biomedical Construct: A Passionate and Pensive Reappraisal of a Global Phenomenon

Disability as Socio Political and Biomedical Construct: A Passionate and Pensive Reappraisal of a Global Phenomenon

DOI: 10.4236/sm.2019.94017 264 Sociology Mind reputation as the son of a traditional head of a social group brings us to another manifestation of disability. When he arrived at the Sao Paulo hospital for treat- ment, the chief surgeon picked special interest in his case not just because, ac- cording to him, it was the first transplant of an Indian from province, but also because of his status and his family background (emphasis, mine). Dr. Medina admitted that he gave far more attention to Domba, as a “wild”, culturally active Indian than he gave to “ordinary” patients (emphasis mine). If they were ordi- nary, they had no status like Domba, so they are “deviants” and only needed second class treatment. Disability is represented here as low social status. Dr. Medina went as far as skipping many other patients who were on the waiting list for kidney before Domba and gave him not just the priority, but a “very good kidney”. In an interview, he reasoned, the Brazilian Indians have suffered so much. Romdo highlighted a remarkable shift to the cultural constructs and re- presentations of disability. He reasoned that his son’s sickness resulted from his (Domba’s) refusal to pierce his lip and to wear a lip disk, a traditional Suya ri- tual, apparently with protective potentials. Hence he represented disability dif- ferently, as a “strain in community relationships”. Dr. Medina’s defense which is similar to Romdo’s claim was in line with the personal tragedy theory which lo- cates problem in the body and views disabled person as weak and needing help. The medical phenomenon of organ transplant raises the awareness of most of Suya cosmology and practices which were at variance with, and therefore non-conforming to the western medical practices. They operated in two differ- ent socio-cultural settings that are anchored on divergent normative values and standards, which call for a critical review of the manifest suppression of differ- ence as it affects disparate forms of biosociality. The Suya people would as soon at birth eliminate a child born with visible deformity (disabilities-represented as unwanted visible physical deformity in Suya traditional society), but what hap- pened to Domba was internal and invisible, and developed gradually as he grew into maturity. We are also faced here with critical issues for understanding dis- abilities among the Suya. First of all, we realize the double consciousness of human person. Domba’s body had a disease (disability located in the body, cor- poreal being), not him (his soul or spirit) for which his kin and community knew him.

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ROLE OF CORRUPTION IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION

ROLE OF CORRUPTION IN HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION

Corruption nowadays has become a global phenomenon which every society faces though its degree of intensity varies from country to country and region to region. Despite human rights long history, there is no single universally agreed upon definition of corruption which can be substantiated. Furthermore, its causes, forms and impacts are diverse and multi-faceted. Understanding corruption by itself is a confusing and diverse undertaking. However, it is accepted and agreed that corruption is injurious to public administration, undermines democracy, degrades the moral fabrics of the society and violates human rights and social fabric of the society. The pain of corruption touches to all the human beings but it disproportionately affects the vulnerable sections of the society since they are weak and prone to ill effects in a notorious way. It reinforces discrimination, exclusion and arbitrariness prevalent in a society. Corruption is a universal problem undermining universal value- human rights that affects poor and down trodden people in a big way. However, on the contrary, guarantying human rights to each strata of society whether rich or poor in general and ensuring non- discrimination and participation in particular are useful preventive tools for corruption as they ultimately empower the society and create social accountability. The article explores the relationships between corruption and human rights in a broader way. It is argued that, the struggle to promote human rights and the campaign against corruption share a great deal of common ground since they intersect with each other. Both are struggling for the orderly and decent life of humans rooted in dignity and equality which is desired by all the human beings throughout the world. The article concludes the discussion by asserting that a concerted and inclusive approach is essential to overcome the problems of corruption and the violations of human rights prevalent universally.

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CONVERSION OF AT-GRADE INTERSECTION INTO GRADE SEPARATED INTERSECTION AT AKOLA CITY: A SUSTAINABLE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

CONVERSION OF AT-GRADE INTERSECTION INTO GRADE SEPARATED INTERSECTION AT AKOLA CITY: A SUSTAINABLE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

Organized by C.O.E.T, Akola & IWWA, Amravati Center. Available Online at www.ijpret.com 471 The urban traffic congestion has become a global phenomenon, it requires effective controls to regulate the traffic and optimize delay and congestion at the traffic at the intersection. Results of different parameters related to signalize inter section such as traffic flow data, accident data are analyzed. The pedestrian should the conclusion is carried out that the traffic volume of tower square is increasing and it may be needed to improve present signalized condition or present geometric condition. So, grade separation to be provided.

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Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists

Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists

generating. The study was powered for the primary out- come variables, not the secondary outcome variables. Therefore, the analyses in Tables 5 and 6 are vulnerable to type 1 or type 2 errors. In sum, the findings reported here: (1) adds Spain to a list of other countries in what appears to be a growing global phenomenon of under-utilization of the preventive sealants [14-19,27]; and (2) expands the list of behavioral metrics around dental sealant knowledge and attitudes to include opinions and values that do not appear to adequately relate practice behavior. The survey did not, however: (1) determine the relationship of KOVP

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Hearing the silences: Adult Nigerian women's accounts of 'early marriages'

Hearing the silences: Adult Nigerian women's accounts of 'early marriages'

‘Early marriage’ is a relatively common, but under-researched global phenomenon, associated with poor health, mental health, educational and occupational outcomes, particularly for young girls. In this article, we draw on qualitative interviews with 6 Nigerian women from Sokoto State, who were married between the ages of 8 and 15. The interviews explored young women’s experiences of the transition to marriage, being married, pregnancy and their understanding of the marital and parental role. Using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis, we explore women’s constrained articulations of their experiences of early marriage, as they are constituted within a social context where the identity of ‘woman’ is bound up in values and practices around marriage and motherhood. We explore the complexity of ‘hearing’ women’s experiences when their identities are bound up in culturally overdetermined ideas of femininity that function explicitly to silence and constrain the spaces in which women can speak.

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Recent progress in EDF-based methods applied to nuclear properties

Recent progress in EDF-based methods applied to nuclear properties

Various nuclear phenomenon have to be described: the quantum liquid behavior of the nucleus as well as the clusters states are maybe the most prominent features in nuclei. The interplay with the nuclear equation of state for possible astrophysical applications is also of relevance. To get a global and unified picture of the nucleus, EDF methods seem therefore to be well adapted. The formalism of EDF shall not be recalled here, and can be found in many reviews [4, 5]. Schematically, these approaches rely on a density functional, which is mainly of Skyrme, Gogny or relativistic type. Given this functional, which typically encompasses a dozen of constants, the many body treatment is parameter free and only technical refinements are allowed in the many body framework. It should be noted that the EDF constants are usually determined by fitting nuclear masses or radii and therefore the EDF includes in this way effective many body correlations, as illustrated by the accurate prediction

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TERRORISM, AS SOCIAL-POLITICAL PHENOMENON AND IMPEDING FACTOR FOR GLOBAL BUSINESS

TERRORISM, AS SOCIAL-POLITICAL PHENOMENON AND IMPEDING FACTOR FOR GLOBAL BUSINESS

It is important for the fast economic development of Georgia to be competitive at the global level. Swiss organization World Economic Forum (WEF) publishes annual reports from 1979, in which competitiveness and business environment of the world countries is analyzed. The present report assists the governments to reveal the factors impeding the economic development and the business sector – to adopt decisions on future investments. The Global Competitiveness Report of 2014 was published by the WEF this September. Competitiveness of 144 countries is studied in the report. The analysis was conducted based on the data of 2013. Each country was assessed by 119 criteria, and the source for the data of 33 criteria (e.g. debt of government, budget deficit, inflation, level of taxes, export, average duration of life, amount of students and pupils, etc) is official statistical data of the country, and for the rest of criteria (e.g. tights of ownership, trust to politicians, independence of court, transparency of policy, criminal, level of medicine and education, quality of infrastructure, etc) the source of information is direct questioning of small, medium and large enterprises conducted by World Economic Forum. The questioning is confidential and the possibility to see the answers of the companies has only the Swiss side. From Georgia almost 200 companies participate in the research, which are selected by the arbitrary principle each year. Proceeding from this, the mentioned research is based more on the attitude, apprehension of the business environment of the entrepreneurs than on official statistical information.

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The European Union and the United States: Studying Competition, Convergence and the EU’s Role(s) in the World Arena

The European Union and the United States: Studying Competition, Convergence and the EU’s Role(s) in the World Arena

From the initial observation that ‘contexts, processes and outputs matter’, this section has attempted to develop a more nuanced view of how they have mattered and do matter in EU-US relations, and linked them in a rudimentary fashion to the ways in which the EU-US system affects both the participants in it and the broader global arena. One of the key features that have emerged from this discussion is complexity and variety. In other words, alongside the complexity and variety of the EU-US policy agenda we have to set complexity and variety of contexts shaping the system, processes driving it and outputs linking it to both broader and narrower arenas of world economic and political life. In the final section of the paper, the discussion turns to some of the implications of these features for the participants – specifically, the role of the EU both within the system and in the broader global arena.

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Space, time, body: The challenges of law in the Dromocratic era

Space, time, body: The challenges of law in the Dromocratic era

The new way, global and local, are one and, even simultaneously, none; globalization (or globalism) and location (or localism) remain dissolved. The phenomenon covered by that fission in the significant and the signified plane equates, in an empirical-metaphorical language, an invisible and irreversible socio-technical link between the concrete context of existence -- representative ambience of the site of the coupling experience between human and machine, point of communicational access/reception/retransmission -- and the audio/visual universe of the (mass or interactive) global network, as a modern dimension representative of the satellitized world culture. (TRIVINHO, 2005). When entering that other "place" - neither local nor global -, the individual becomes fluid, whose resource to "materialize" uses the machine and its programs to approach reality. In a certain way, the other in "flesh and bone", fixed in the territory, with ID and diverse social responsibilities, enters in disadvantage relating to that fluid-virtual, because it still did not have some responsibilities determined in order to be legitimized as a subject; what one has in this case is the mediatic or mediatized subject in detriment of the one inserted on societal and legal molds. That is why he (she) is at the same time in awe and frightened. On that approach, Santos (2001) mentions:

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Sensitivity of simulated CO 2concentration to regridding of global fossil fuel CO 2emissions

Sensitivity of simulated CO 2concentration to regridding of global fossil fuel CO 2emissions

Le Quéré, C., Andres, R. J., Boden, T., Conway, T., Houghton, R. A., House, J. I., Marland, G., Peters, G. P., van der Werf, G. R., Ahlström, A., Andrew, R. M., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Ciais, P., Doney, S. C., Enright, C., Friedlingstein, P., Huntingford, C., Jain, A. K., Jourdain, C., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Klein Gold- ewijk, K., Levis, S., Levy, P., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Raupach, M. R., Schwinger, J., Sitch, S., Stocker, B. D., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., and Zeng, N.: The global carbon budget 1959–2011, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 165–185, doi:10.5194/essd-5-165-2013, 2013. Masarie, K. A. and Tans, P. P.: Extension and Integration of Atmo- spheric Carbon Dioxide Data into a Globally Consistent Mea- surement Record, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 11593–11610, 1995. Lock, A. P., Brown, A. R., Bush, M. R., Martin, G. M., and Smith,

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Searching for a Critical Phenomenon

Searching for a Critical Phenomenon

Abstract Critical phenomena are a part of physical science that deal with phase transitions accompanied by singularities like “critical opalescence” and “λ-anomalies”. The theory of critical phenomena assumes phase transitions are a cooperative process driven by thermal fluctuations and subject to statistical mechanics. Ferromagnetic phase transition is usually used as a typical critical phenomenon to analyze. Many theoretical physicists viewed the λ-anomalies as the most important unsolved problem in theoretical physics. In this article hard evidence is presented that the actual molecular mechanism of all phase transitions in solids, including ferromagnetic, is antithesis to the models utilized in the theories of critical phenomena. Real phase transitions materialize by rearrangement of crystal structure according to the universal nucleation-and-growth mechanism. It is the crystal rearrangement which alters the electric, magnetic, optical, etc. properties. The process is not cooperative; thermal fluctuations are not involved; statistical mechanics is not applicable. Another part of this article is devoted to the singularities. (1) “λ-Anomalies”. Believing that these peaks are heat capacity is a case of mistaken identity: they are latent heat of structural phase transitions. The same is true about the notorious “heat capacity λ-anomaly” in the liquid helium phase transition: it is a latent heat as well. (b) “Critical opalescence”. The literature for the subject was examined. The opalescence in solid-state phase transitions, observed by different authors, turns out not fluctuation-related. It is a light scattering by nuclei and interfaces of arising new phase. The only type of phase transition that stays somewhat apart from the above-enumerated is the liquid – gas in its critical point. The case was reconsidered. The physical cause of inability to compress gas into liquid is explained. The observed opalescence is a cloud of tiny drops of liquid phase appearing; no fluctuations are involved. The case is not “critical” either.

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THE PHENOMENON OF SILYBUM MARIANUM

THE PHENOMENON OF SILYBUM MARIANUM

Public health has been the most important biosocial problem for years. Human exist- ence in a technologically transformed envi- ronment leads inevitably to environmentally induced changes, which are the metabolic substrates for the multifactorial diseases. In the current situation, the maintenance of the dynamic constancy of the environment and the balance of interspecies relationships are essential as a foundation for successful in- teractions in the global ecosystem. This ap- proach considers the objects of animate and inanimate nature as carriers of biologically active substances accumulated in various species. The optimal source of these com- pounds are plants, as they are capable for self-reliance, preservation of species, syn- thesis of biopolymers, aliphatic and polycy- clic substances with complex structure and different regulatory properties [1, 2, 3, 4]. These natural compounds are similar to the human being, as they ingested to the organ- ism historically via food chains and partici- pated in metabolism.

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Resilience phenomenon reflection

Resilience phenomenon reflection

The implementation of the educational system of resilience was built on a principle that any phenomenon may be conceptualized – evidently – in a twofold way: either through comparing it to other likewise phenomena or through discovering its own unique nature. Studies of man, according to P. S. Gurevich, from “outside” supposes interpretation of a man’s relations with the surrounding world of nature and culture (social environment) whereas the approximation to the man’s mystery from “inside” is inherent with understanding the modus of the man’s existence (bodily and spiritual, emotional and volitional) [11]. This approach allowed us to consider a native and spiritual pattern in the educational system we created (physical and emotional) with an opportunity to intensify the process of searching, gaining, and collecting knowledge of an expedient and organized process of shaping and developing a person (scientific and methodic). A good example of this is a theory of an educational system elaborated 45 years ago by N. V. Kuzmina (1980). We agree with the author and believe that in different years there were applied research based on that model.

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Sport as a social phenomenon

Sport as a social phenomenon

This statement is based on the analysis of works on the sociology of labor (B. M. Genkin, O. V. Romashov, M. P. Lukashevich, N. A. Seroshtan, etc.), confirming that the socio-cultural phenomenon of “sport (sporting activities)” meets the basic characteristics of a labor (professional) activity, such as: a) relatively long, independent performance of certain activities (sports training and participation in sport events) as opposed to athletic and recreational activities that can have non-permanent and short-term character; b) it requires special education and special skills necessary for successful participation in a certain type of sport events, in addition to general psycho-physiological and medical ideas about psychosomatic health and methods of its strengthening; c) it forms a certain professional behavior (professional self-awareness, professional motivation, professional ethics, models of professional actions), having both common features and specific ones depending on the sport (sports activity); d) is manifests itself in personal professional deformities related to the specifics of sport (sports activity), which are not characteristic of physical culture and recreation activities; e) is manifested in the special status of representatives of sports (sports activities) in the public consciousness (including the level of laws and other official regulatory documents), which is also not typical for physical culture and recreation.

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Super Compressibility Phenomenon

Super Compressibility Phenomenon

Super high density energy field is detected in gas flowing from the nozzle with a central cone [1,2]. This nozzle is the resonator and dynamic emitter as in [3]. The emission of electromagnetic radiation of high energy during su- percompressibility and superdensity jump in supersonic spiraled jet [4] is observed. The phenomenon of super- compressibility and superdensity jump in under-expan- ded submerged jet on output of the dynamic emitter re- sults to the arising of super high density energy field in continuous media. In our experiments vapor jets form channels of stationary boundary layers with progressing strong compression of jet transverse and longitudinal cross-sections. Here we discuss the result of adiabatic expansion of the gas in dynamic emitter that results to the jet internal energy decreasing and its kinetic energy increasing. The measurements show that supercompres- sibility of supersonic jet has nonlinear character.

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UDC 811’22 NARRATIVE DISCOURSE AS AN EMERGENT PHENOMENON: GLOBAL SEMIOTIC APPROACH Inna Livytska,

UDC 811’22 NARRATIVE DISCOURSE AS AN EMERGENT PHENOMENON: GLOBAL SEMIOTIC APPROACH Inna Livytska,

This theoretical paper continues a spectrum of research on sign character of narrative discourse on the background of modern post-classical theory of narrativity. It aims to uncover the relationships between the meaning of the narrative text and a sign signitication, assuming an intentional character of the narrative discourse governed by telic aspects (global semiotics). Global semiotic approach (Thomas Sebeok, 2001) views a narrative discourse as a self-organizing entity with purposeful (telic) character of all its constituent parts which turn a static text into a dynamic whole in the process of reading/perception/interpretation. The key notion for analysis of emergency is the term Umwelt (Jakob von Uexküll) to denote the perceptional world in which an organism (and a human) exists and acts as a subject. Therefore, Umwelt represents human’s perceptual boundary, which modifies the surrounding in accordance with the human’s subjective perspective. As Umwelt can be attributed to both biological and abiotic texts, meaning creation in the narrative discourse is compared to a semiotic study of comparative Umwelten (Cobley, 2014) where narrative is defined as a modeling device for the world creation through embodied subjectivity. It has been confirmed, that stressing on the subjective sphere of information eхchange and processing from the position of global semiotics necessitates introduction of basic principles of biosemiotics (i.e. semiotic scaffolding etc.) and teleology (i.e. cause, purpose, result) to analysis of narrative discourse and it constitutes the perspectives for further research in this domain.

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Global bifurcation results for general Laplacian problems

Global bifurcation results for general Laplacian problems

This article is organized as follows: In Section 2, we set up the equivalent integral operator of (P) and compute the degree of this operator. In Section 3, we verify the existence of global bifurcation having bifurcation points at zero and infinity simulta- neously. In Section 4, we introduce an existence result as an application of the pre- vious result and give some examples.

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The Chinese economy: making a global niche

The Chinese economy: making a global niche

channels through which China has (and would continue to) impinged upon the global economy. The former would affect other economies by way of changes in terms-of-trade (TOT), while the financial channel can have a wider impact. As China is still a large exporter of labor-intensive light manufactures, the world market prices of this category of products have softened because it became the price setter for this category of tradable goods. The developing economies that were labor-abundant like China and exported labor-intensive light manufactures, and competed against Chinese exports in the third-country markets, fond that their TOT turned against them. This country group suffered due to intense competition from China. In an extreme situation, China’s competitive pressure could even create a price deflation in these countries. Often the same logic is extended further, resulting in fears of extreme deterioration in the TOT for this group of developing countries. It is even argued that competition from China may completely eliminate labor-intensive products of the other developing economies from the global markets, for sure a despondent scenario. This kind of thinking led to some analysts arguing that competitive pressure from China was partly responsible for triggering the Asian crisis of 1997-98 (Parker and Lee, 2000; Loungani, 2000). Conversely, this trend has benefited some developing economies that are net importers of labor-intensive manufactures. These developing economies would benefit from China’s competitive pricing and the resulting improvement in their TOT.

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