Impact factor (IF)

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THE SCENARIO OF PHARMACY JOURNALS WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON IMPACT FACTOR

THE SCENARIO OF PHARMACY JOURNALS WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON IMPACT FACTOR

In many countries, Impact Factor (IF) is one of the criteria applied to evaluate not only the status of scientific journals, but also the publication output of scientists. In these evaluation exercises, Impact Factor is frequently considered as an indicator of research quality and scientific excellence. Sometimes, publication in mainstream journals or impact journals defined as those with an IF, i.e. those covered by the Journal Citation Reports used as the only evaluation criteria in such a way that scientific tribunals pay more attention to the IF of the journal than to the quality of the scientific contribution itself. Impact factor in simple terms indicates the rating of journal articles. It has been defined by different experts since 1960s. Dr. Eugene Garfield who was the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information, currently the chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific, Philadelphia first mentioned the idea of an Impact Factor in Science in 1955. Presently, Leo Egghe interprets the impact factor of a journal as the average of a number of independent and identically distributed random variables. Each random variable represents the number of citations of one of the articles published in the journal. Impact factors are
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Causes for the Persistence of Impact Factor Mania

Causes for the Persistence of Impact Factor Mania

A boycott of high-impact journals. Nobelist and eLife Editor- in-Chief Randy Schekman has recently criticized the monopoly of what he calls “luxury journals” in an editorial published in the British newspaper The Guardian. Schekman has vowed not to publish hereafter in Nature, Cell, and Science, stating that the dis- proportionate rewards associated with publishing in those jour- nals distorts science in a manner akin to the effects of large bo- nuses on the banking industry (53). Although such efforts are well-intentioned, we are skeptical that boycotting the impact fac- tor or the “luxury journals” will be effective, because the econom- ics of current science dictate that scientists who succeed in pub- lishing in such journals will accrue disproportionate rewards. This will continue to be an irresistible attraction. Even if the journal impact factor were to disappear tomorrow, the prestige associated with certain journals would persist, and authors would continue to try to publish there. Most scientists do not actually know the impact factor of individual journals— only that publication in such journals is highly sought after and respected. For instance, it is not widely known that Science is actually only ranked 20th among all journals in impact factor, lower than journals such as CA—A Cancer Journal for Clinicians and Advanced Physics. Simi- larly, we fear that boycotts of specific prestigious journals may hurt the trainees of those laboratories by depriving them of high- visibility venues for their work. In lieu of Science, Nature, or Cell, Schekman has recommended that authors submit their best pa- pers to eLife. However, the managing executive editor has de- scribed eLife as “a very selective journal,” further noting that “it’s likely that the rejection rate will be quite high” (54). As long as a critical mass of scientists continues to submit their best work to highly selective journals, impact factor mania, or its equivalent, is likely to persist.
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Does the Journal Impact Factor help make a Good Indicator of Academic Performance?

Does the Journal Impact Factor help make a Good Indicator of Academic Performance?

Even the scholars in medical sciences (that have a very high IF) question the validity of the journal impact factor as a measure of relevance of individual articles or scholars [5]. Some scholars hold that the rise of the Journal Impact Factor is a result of the perceived value of quantification measures in the contemporary society and the restructuring of capitalism. A key implication of this acceptance is an increase in global academic dependency [6]. It may be noted that in India we have hardly any journal that has an impact factor greater than one. For example, even the IDEAS (which is especially indexing economics and some statistics journals) index only six Indian journals in economics and the highest IF is less than one; interestingly, the Indian Economic Review, of the reputed Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics has an impact factor only about 0.24. For physical and life sciences journals too, the conditions are not much better.
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The impact factor fallacy

The impact factor fallacy

Like the argument from ignorance, the argument from expert opinion and the ad hominem argument are not always bad arguments. Their quality varies as a function of how informative the authority status, or the personal attributes of the instance endorsing them, is for the problem at hand. Policy decisions are routinely based on the advice of experts, and there seems to be agreement that this is a good thing to do, as long as the experts are really considered experts in their field and their advice is not biased (Harris et al., 2016; c.f. Sloman and Fernbach, 2017). Dismissing an argument because of personal attributes of a person endorsing it is often more difficult, because it has to be made plausible that those attributes are relevant to the quality of the argument. For example, that one does not need to be a mother to be qualified for being prime minister seems obvious, whereas a case of a person applying to a position against gender discrimination, who in his private life beats his wife, is likely to be more controversial. In the case of the JIF, we would have to justify why we think that a low impact factor indicates that a particular journal is of low quality, and why this low quality can be transferred to a particular paper within it. Such a judgment requires further information about the journal and about the paper at hand to be justified, which is usually not provided and difficult to obtain since it might e.g., not be clear if review processes in lower JIF journals are less able to detect errors (Brembs, 2018). Thus, whereas a high impact factor may add to the reputation of a journal, a low impact factor does not warrant a bad reputation, but rather provides insufficient information about reputation (see Table 1 for examples of the inductive and deductive fallacies as discussed here).
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The level of non-citation of articles within a journal as a measure of quality: a comparison to the impact factor

The level of non-citation of articles within a journal as a measure of quality: a comparison to the impact factor

Despite these limitations, citation counts provide a con- venient and objective method of ranking articles and jour- nals. It is therefore important to use the most appropriate and transparent way of communicating this information, particularly if such rankings are used to define quality. The criticism of the impact factor itself has grown as its influence increases. Articles such as editorials, letters and news items are classified as "non-source" items and as such does not count towards the total number of articles used to calculate the impact factor. However, such items may attract numerous citations which are counted towards a journal's impact factor. Journals may increase the number of non-source items to artificially increase impact factors[14]. It is also suggested that the calculation provides a method for comparing journals regardless of their size[5]. However journal size may be a confounding factor- journals publishing more articles tend to have higher impact factors per se[15]. Small journals may be disadvantaged by this bias. Most importantly impact fac- tor does not communicate any information about the citation distribution to the reader.
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Reliability of journal impact factor rankings

Reliability of journal impact factor rankings

This proposal also applies to other journal performance indicators that may be used. For example, the immediacy index is the number of citations received by a journal in the last complete year, divided by the number of articles published by that journal in that year. It therefore gives a measure of how quickly articles from a journal are cited. Like the journal impact factor, it avoids any advantage to larger journals, but it may advantage those that publish more frequently. This measure has more uncertainty asso- ciated with it than for the journal impact factor (data not shown) because it is based on a shorter time period. Even if only broad banding of journal immediacy index ranks are used, most journals outside the top ones could not confidently identify whether they were ranked in the top or bottom halves of the table.
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REAL IMPACT OF IMPACT FACTOR RESEARCH JOURNALS ON RESEARCH PAPERS

REAL IMPACT OF IMPACT FACTOR RESEARCH JOURNALS ON RESEARCH PAPERS

Journal Impact Factor (JIF) means average number of citations to articles published in journals, books, thesis, project reports, news papers, conference/ seminar proceedings, documents published in internet, notes and any other approved documents. It is calculated in yearly/half- yearly/ Quarterly/Monthly for the journals that are indexed in Journal Reference Reports (JRR).Objective: We analyzed to what extent impact factor affects the quality of journal & is that the only factor which affects the quality of journal. Method: Factors affecting quality of research papers considered, analyzed and correlation with journal impact factor will be established. Conclusion: Factors affecting quality of journals have no impact on Journal’s Impact Factor. Implications: Analyzing journals through impact factor, does not ensure researcher to get quality data for references and hence dependency on journal impact factor is questionable.
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An application of value engineering to industrial project

An application of value engineering to industrial project

The initial estimates which are prepared should be maximum in accordance to the project and it is necessary as it can directly affect the fund requirements in the execution of project. It is necessary to identify the necessity of VE in any project. The VE can only be applied on projects which can have considerable cost benefit. Hence it is useful if we apply value Table 14 Impact factor and cost reduction final analysis

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With or without h-index? Comparing aggregates of rankings based on seven popular bibliometric indicators

With or without h-index? Comparing aggregates of rankings based on seven popular bibliometric indicators

(b) What a decision-maker can do if there are several rankings but he/she needs just one? Thus, we began with analysis of correlations between the rankings based on seven popular indicators, which are impact factor (IF), 5-year impact factor (IF-5), immediacy index (II), article influence score (AI), h-index (Hirsch), SNIP and SJR. This had already been done in a number of comparative studies, which were focused either on indicators from different databases (Archambault et al., 2009; Delgado & Repiso, 2013; Leydesdorff, 2009), or on citation, network and usage metrics (Bollen et al., 2009). The reviews of Waltman (2016), Rousseau (2002) and Glänzel (2003) may serve as an introduction to the vast literature on citation indicators. In agreement with the previous results, we confirmed that all rankings are
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A study on consumer buying behavior towards health Insurance in Kanpur

A study on consumer buying behavior towards health Insurance in Kanpur

International Journal in Management and Social Science (Impact Factor- 6.178).. Introduction:.[r]

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Title :    CLOUD CONTROLLER FOR DELAY MINIMIZATION UNDER BUDGET CONSTRAINT USING NEAREST NEIGHBORAuthor (s) : M. Deepa , G. Saravanan

Title : CLOUD CONTROLLER FOR DELAY MINIMIZATION UNDER BUDGET CONSTRAINT USING NEAREST NEIGHBORAuthor (s) : M. Deepa , G. Saravanan

scheduling among VMs. In this paper, we present the experimental research on performance interference in parallel processing of CPU-intensive and network-intensive workloads on Xen virtual machine monitor (VMM). Based on our study, we conclude with five key findings which are critical for effective performance management and tuning in virtualized clouds. First, colocating network- intensive workloads in isolated VMs incurs high overheads of switches and events in Dom0 and VMM. Second, colocating CPU-intensive workloads in isolated VMs incurs high CPU contention due to fast I/O processing in I/O channel. Third, running CPU-intensive and network-intensive workloads in conjunction incurs the least resource contention, delivering higher aggregate performance. Fourth, performance of network-intensive workload is insensitive to CPU assignment among VMs, whereas adaptive CPU assignment among VMs is critical to CPU-intensive workload. The more CPUs pinned on Dom0 the worse performance is achieved by CPU-intensive workload. Last, due to fast I/O processing in I/O channel, limitation on grant table is a potential bottleneck in Xen. We argue that identifying the factors that impact the total demand of exchanged memory pages is important to the in-depth understanding of interference costs in Dom0 and VMM.
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Title :    IDENTIFYING AND DETECTING LUNG CANCER SPOTS USING CT IMAGE Author (s) : Raicy Roy, G. Saravanan

Title : IDENTIFYING AND DETECTING LUNG CANCER SPOTS USING CT IMAGE Author (s) : Raicy Roy, G. Saravanan

With the help of segmentation we can identify the cancer spots regions that are affected in the lung image as final output... Figure 5.1: System Architecture Diagram.[r]

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Title :    OPTIMAL STOCHASTIC LOCATION UPDATES IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKSAuthor (s) : S. Deepa, K. P. Giridhar, Maling prabhu

Title : OPTIMAL STOCHASTIC LOCATION UPDATES IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKSAuthor (s) : S. Deepa, K. P. Giridhar, Maling prabhu

out the network, mobile nodes must cooperate in hand-ling network topology functions. It is very challenging issue in order to maintain the location information of the mobil[r]

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Title :    Design-Efficient Approximate Multiplication Circuits through Partial Product Perforation Author (s) : G.Naren Srivatsav and Shery Radley

Title : Design-Efficient Approximate Multiplication Circuits through Partial Product Perforation Author (s) : G.Naren Srivatsav and Shery Radley

In this paper work we have proposed the partial product perforation technique to produce approximate hardware multipliers. The proposed technique eliminates a number of partial products and thus enabling power and high area saving at the same time retaining high accuracy. Under rigorous error analysis, we have analytically characterized the induced error metrics and thereby proving that the error is bounded and predictable. We also proposed two error correction methods that help in trading a small increase in power for high error reduction. We also explored product perforation on a large set of multiplier architectures and evaluated its impact on different architectures and error bounds. While comparing to the state-of the-art approximation techniques, we showcased that the proposed approach can achieve significant gains in area, power and quality metrics of image processing and data analytics algorithms. Finally, we proved that our technique is scalable and can offer better results when the multiplier‟s bit width increases.
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Title :    LICENSE AUTHENTICATION SECURITY SYSTEM USING RFID Author (s) : B. Nagaraj, S. Sarankumar

Title : LICENSE AUTHENTICATION SECURITY SYSTEM USING RFID Author (s) : B. Nagaraj, S. Sarankumar

International Journal of Inventions in Computer Science and Engineering, Volume 4 Issue 12 Nov/Dec 2017.. SarankumarB[r]

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Title :    ANALYSIS OF SECURE DISTRIBUTED DEDUPLICATION SECRET DATA IN CLOUD COMPUTINGAuthor (s) : S.R. Manikandan, G. Sivakumar , K. J. Jagdish

Title : ANALYSIS OF SECURE DISTRIBUTED DEDUPLICATION SECRET DATA IN CLOUD COMPUTINGAuthor (s) : S.R. Manikandan, G. Sivakumar , K. J. Jagdish

repetitive data and has been widely used in cloud storage to reduce disk space and save bandwidth.. To.[r]

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Title :    A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION WITH HYBRID
REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE Author (s) : C. MALARVIZHI AND K. SUGANYA

Title : A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION WITH HYBRID REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE Author (s) : C. MALARVIZHI AND K. SUGANYA

A semantic network is widely used knowledge representation technique. Semantic network is a KR technique in which the relationship between class and objects are represented by[r]

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Title :   OPTIMIZATION OF EFFICIENT ROUTING IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKSAuthor (s) : R. Sujatha, S. Pavithra, R. Kanimozhi

Title : OPTIMIZATION OF EFFICIENT ROUTING IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKSAuthor (s) : R. Sujatha, S. Pavithra, R. Kanimozhi

It is mainly based on modification of widely accepted Ad Hoc Distance Vector (AODV) protocol to fit in cognitive radio networks. The resulting protocol has been designed according to t[r]

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Title :  EFFICIENT ENERGY FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING SLEEP CONTROL MECHANISM Author (s) : Vasumathy.S Dr. Sengaliappan.M

Title : EFFICIENT ENERGY FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING SLEEP CONTROL MECHANISM Author (s) : Vasumathy.S Dr. Sengaliappan.M

Algorithm 3: Distributed Data Forecasting and Sleep Mechanism based clusters forming Input: Node nj , time period (Tk, Tl),. Output: Rs of nj in time period T = (Tk, Tl)[r]

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Title :    ADVANCED PRICING AND LOAD SHARING FOR EFFECTIVE ENERGY SAVING WITH COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONSAuthor (s) : L.R. Neelamegam , G. Saravanan

Title : ADVANCED PRICING AND LOAD SHARING FOR EFFECTIVE ENERGY SAVING WITH COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONSAuthor (s) : L.R. Neelamegam , G. Saravanan

applications. In this introductory chapter we will briefly review the history of wireless networks, from the smoke signals of the Pre-industrial age to the cellular, satellite, and other wireless networks of today. We then discuss the wireless vision in more detail, including the technical challenges that must be overcome to make this vision a reality. We will also describe the current wireless systems in operation today as well as emerging systems and standards. The huge gap between the performance of current systems and the vision for future systems indicates that much research remains to be done to make the wireless vision a reality. The technical problems that must be solved to make the wireless vision a reality extend across all levels of the system design. At the hardware level the terminal must have multiple modes of operation to support the different applications and media. Desktop computers currently have the capability to process voice, image, text, and video data, but breakthroughs in circuit design are required to implement multimode operation in a small, lightweight, handheld device. Since most people don’t want to carry around a twenty pound battery, the signal processing and communications hardware of the portable terminal must consume very little power, which will impact higher levels of the system design. Many of the signal processing techniques required for efficient spectral utilization and networking demand much processing power, precluding the use of low power devices. Hardware advances for low power circuits with
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