Internal and External Factors‎

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Impact of Internal and External Factors on Bank Performance in Pakistan

Impact of Internal and External Factors on Bank Performance in Pakistan

efficient marketplace for over 60 years of trading securities. With specific research objectives, we extracted the relevant information from a pile of data and converted it into usable form through operationalization of variables (table 2). All the figures were in million Pakistani rupees except inflation that is represented as a percentage. Due to non-availability of quarterly data for all the banks, annual data was utilized in Pakistani rupees. The variables and their measurements are taken up from the previous literature to ensure profound comparison of our results with findings of prior researches. Dependent variable under analysis includes bank performance; regressors include internal factors such as capital adequacy, asset quality, management efficiency, earning quality, liquidity risk, and external factors like inflation, gross domestic product and stock market performance. The operationalization of variables is given in Table 2.
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The Impact of Liquidity Risk on Internal and External Factors

The Impact of Liquidity Risk on Internal and External Factors

Based on Waemustafa and Sukri (2013), they said that we need to understand how credit risk is formed in Islamic banks and conventional banks considering internal and external factors determinants. They suggest that banks assets mainly consist of loan while liabilities are deposit payable where any mismatch in asset and liability would contribute to liquidity risk and credit risk.

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Liquidity Risk Affect The Internal And External Factors

Liquidity Risk Affect The Internal And External Factors

The form of analysis is based on the actual element that is being scrutinize in a study. Individual, groups, organization or an artifact can be an entity of analysis. In this sector, the firm will be the unit of analysis of the study. Basically, all companies of the cosmetics industry located in United States which indicate as the sample of population in this study. To conduct the study, only one company will be chosen from this population as a sample, for example, Estee Lauder Companies in New York, United States. In order to compute in detail. The analysis of data from the five years annual report are taken to measure the internal and external which is dependent variable (liquidity risk of Quick Ratio) and the independent variables (internal and external factors) starting from year 2014 to 2018.
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Internal and External Factors Explaining Chilean Economic Activity

Internal and External Factors Explaining Chilean Economic Activity

The objective of this work was to identify which factors are the most important to explain the contraction of economic activity observed during the last three years. To this end I used two methodological approaches that suggest the following explanation: (1) the fall in the growth rate of the economy is explained by external factors, probably related with the end of the mining boom, (2) the low growth rates observed since then are explained by a combination of internal and external factors, among which prevail the internal factors.
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Internal and external factors affect the company’s perfomance

Internal and external factors affect the company’s perfomance

This study aims to identify the internal and external factor for Hiap Seng Engineering Ltd. whereby it is the one of the oil and gas company in Singapore. To achieve this objective, internal factors (credit risk, perfomance, corporate governance index, liquidity risk and operational risk) and external factors (market risk, inflation, gross domestic product, inflation, STDV and exchange rate) were used in this study. Hence, in this chapter, the discussion will be based on the findings in chapter four. Conclusion and recommendations for future research are included in this chapter.
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Study of Relationship of Company’s Performance with Internal and External Factors on Maxis Berhad

Study of Relationship of Company’s Performance with Internal and External Factors on Maxis Berhad

The purpose of the study is to investigate how the Maxis Berhad internal factors and external factors influence the company’s performance. The financial information is obtained from annual report of Maxis Berhad starting from year 2011 to 2015. The measurement of return on assets is used to see the overall performance of Maxis Berhad in 5 years which beyond benchmark. The additional measurement is the corporate index score, board remuneration, asset size, net profit margin, GDP growth rate, inflation, unemployment rate and exchange rate. To see the relationship of risk factors to the profitability, this paper is utilizing liquidity (current ratio), leverage (debt to equity ratio) and market risk (standard deviation). Data was analysed by utilizing regression and correlation. The regression analysis and correlation shows only one variable is significant to R OA which is market risk with the highest impact to the company’s performance. However, the liquidity risk is not significant to ROA with p value = 0.130. While for the macroeconomic factor, GDP growth rate is also not significant to the company’s performan ce with low impact to the return on assets.
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The Impact Of Internal And External Factors On Student Entrepreneurial Intention

The Impact Of Internal And External Factors On Student Entrepreneurial Intention

I declare that this project paper entitled “The Impact of Internal and External Factors on Student Entrepreneurial Intention” is the result of my own research except as cited in the references. The project paper has not been accepted for any degree and is not concurrently submitted in candidature of any other degree.

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The Relationship Between Liquidity Risk and Internal and External Factors in TCL Corporation

The Relationship Between Liquidity Risk and Internal and External Factors in TCL Corporation

For this study I decided to select TCL Corporation. TCL Corporation have involved in a huge bribery scandal in 2014. To conduct this research, five-year data from annual report of TCL Corporation was extracted start from year 2014 to 2018. The data was used to analyse TCL Corporation and to calculate the internal factors like return on asset (ROA), average collection period, operation ratio and operating margin. In addition, data for the external factors like Gross Domestic Product (GDP), inflation rate, exchange rate and standard deviation are derived from Yahoo Finance and Focus Economics.
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INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FACTORS AFFECTING TAXPAYER COMPLIANCE OF TAX AMNESTY PARTICIPANTS

INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FACTORS AFFECTING TAXPAYER COMPLIANCE OF TAX AMNESTY PARTICIPANTS

In addition to external factors, internal factors in the taxpayer are also important to be known by the tax authorities. No matter how much effort is made, if the problematic actually exists in the taxpayer, the efforts made by the DGT are never effective. Caroll (1987) revealed that motivation from internal factors more influenced the level of tax compliance. The same thing was expressed by Ghosh and Crain (1996) and James et al. (2001). Internal factors include awareness of taxpayers (personal awareness), knowledge of taxation, moral obligations of taxpayers and accounting systems used by corporate taxpayers.
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A study of relationship between performance with internal and external factors

A study of relationship between performance with internal and external factors

According to the correlation table (Table 4.2), there is existence of proof that performance is affected by the company-specific (internal) factors and macroeconomics (external) factors. The correlation table shows that operational ratio has very high negative relationship with ROA and significantly associated with performance, with a p<value of 0.001. This indicates that when operational ratio increase, the ROA decrease. According to the coefficient table (Table 4.2), operational ratio is negative and mainly affects ROA. Operational ratio represents operational risk. Hence, these two value means that when operational risk increases, then the performance of the company decreases. This is because when company experience network failure or system failure, incorrectly applied rates in billing systems, fraud, and many more lead to weaken the performance of the company as company spend more money on recovering this and decrease the revenue.
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“Effect OF ROA towards Internal Factors and External Factors for MMC Corporation Berhad"

“Effect OF ROA towards Internal Factors and External Factors for MMC Corporation Berhad"

This topic will use 6 internal factors and 5 external factors. The internal factors that will include on this topic to run the date which is the current ratio, quick ratio, average-collection period, debt to income, operational ratio, and operating margin. However, the external factors that will measure whether it is significant or not in Model 3 which is to combine with internal factors. The elements that will include external factors which are the growth of domestic profit (GDP), inflation rate, interest rate, exchange rate, and standard deviation. Thus, the company performance will be using the ROA as the dependent variable which is to know how well the company uses its assets and how profitable a company will be. Furthermore, we will run the date and to make sure it is significant or not which is SPSS (IBM Statistical Package for the Social Science) Statistics version 25.
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An Analysis of the Internal and External Factors that Affect United Continental Holdings

An Analysis of the Internal and External Factors that Affect United Continental Holdings

Multiple linear regression is a method of modelling the linear relationship between one dependent and one or more independent variables. It is one of the most widely used methods of statistics Regression analysis seems to be a very common method in use in banking and financial literature to describe the factors that influence of bank success (Ongore and Kusa, 2013; Sharifi and Akhter, 2016) for three different dependent variables based on a common five independent variables. The general form of the multiple linear regression equation is as follows:

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An Analysis of Corporate Governance in Internal and External factors of Fiat Chrysler Automobile

An Analysis of Corporate Governance in Internal and External factors of Fiat Chrysler Automobile

This study will examine the how the impact of liquidity risk correlated with the company return on asset ratio (ROA) on Fiat Chrysler Automotive and will explained the impact using the corporate governance perspective. To support this study the usage of the internal data in the company and external data in macroeconomy will be analysed using two methods. The first method that using in this study is the descriptive data. The data that use in the descriptive data is obtained from the company 5 years annual report which is from 2014 to 2018 and calculates it using Excel. The data will be explained with the four risk which is credit risk, market risk, operational risk and followed by credit risk. The next method is the SPSS analysis. In SPSS analysis three models of data have been run to achieve all the results. The first model is company's internal data from FCA’s 2014 – 2018 annual report, the second model is external data related to the macroeconomy in the United States which obtained from World Bank and last but not least the third model that combines both internal and external data.
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WHAT CONTRIBUTES TO STUDENTS’ SUCCESS IN LEARNING TO SPEAK ENGLISH

WHAT CONTRIBUTES TO STUDENTS’ SUCCESS IN LEARNING TO SPEAK ENGLISH

Abstract: This study deals with speaking achievement of eighth semester students in English Department of one university in Nusa Tenggara Barat - Indonesia in academic year 2013/2014. The purpose of this study was to find out factors that help students succeed in learning speaking. The method of this research is qualitative research that focuses on case study. The subjects of this study were the eighth semester students who got an A in Speaking I, II and III subjects. Four students were recruited as the research subjects consisting of one female and three males. The data about the students were obtained from the academic databases in the English Department. In collecting the data, semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data, then, were analyzed through some stages namely transcribing data, reducing data, displaying data and drawing conclusion. The result of this study showed that factors contributing to students speaking achievement consist of internal and external factors. The internal factors include motivation and interests, while the external factors involve family, school condition and society.
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Long Walk To Quality Improvement: Investigating Factors Causing Low English Proficiency Among Indonesian Efl Students

Long Walk To Quality Improvement: Investigating Factors Causing Low English Proficiency Among Indonesian Efl Students

Abstract: Indonesian students have learned English for many years from elementary to university. However, English proficiency among most Indonesian students is not improved significantly. Therefore, this qualitative research with case study approach aims to find out factors causing low English proficiency among Indonesian university students. There were six heterogeneous participants coming from all over Indonesia in this research that the researchers got through purposive sampling. The data were collected mainly through individual interview. All interview data were recorded, transcribed, analyzed, and divided into themes. To develop the trustworthiness of the research, the researcher did member checking. The findings show that there were two major factors causing Indonesian university students have low English proficiency namely internal and external factors. Internal factors consist of low motivation and learning anxiety, and external factors consist of inappropriate teaching method, class size, and poor E nglish environment. Further, suggestions and recommendations are offered to all related parties.
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An Analysis of Public Participation on Critical Land, in Randangan Watershed, Pohuwatoregency

An Analysis of Public Participation on Critical Land, in Randangan Watershed, Pohuwatoregency

Abstract. The aims of this study are to identify the public participation level in the planning, implementation stages and evaluation on the activity of critical land rehabilitation of Randangan watershed as well as to examine the association of internal and external factors with public participation level on the critical land rehabilitation activity at Randangan watershed. This study was conducted at Randangan watershed, Pohuwato regency, Gorontalao province from September to November 2015. The study was used survey approarch and purposively determined. There were 60 samples from 150 population collected through systematic random sampling. The data were analysed with internal and external factors associated with the public participation level. The result indicated that the public participation level on the critical land rehabilitation on Randangan watershed in Pohuwato regency at the level of planning is low, while on the implementation stage is moderate and the factors that related to the critical land rehabilitation covered internal factors such as age, education, land width and earning level. Meanwhile, the external factors are intensity of socialization program, the role of companion and availability of rehabilitation infrastructure. The internal and external factors had strong correlation with public participation level is significant, a=0.05, consisted of land width at implementation stage (-0.283*), and intensity of program socialization at evaluation stage (0.293*).
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An Analysis of the External and Internal Factors Affecting Honda Motor Company’s Performance

An Analysis of the External and Internal Factors Affecting Honda Motor Company’s Performance

Profitability is primarily goals of a company and it is important to an organization to be profitable and survive in a long run. The aim of this study is to determine the company performance towards internal and external factors for Honda Motor Company Ltd in Japan. The data analysis shows that firm-specific factors (debt to income) and macroeconomics influence the profitability of the company. This study covers all the latest financial statement from 2014 until 2018. This analysis will help the investors directly and indirectly on either the company is worth to invest or not. This is because this study contains all five years of information for the investor to compare. This study also studies how the economics of a country can influence Honda Motor Company within five years.
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What Explains the Varying Degree of Export?  Internal or External Factors

What Explains the Varying Degree of Export? Internal or External Factors

Penrose (1959, p. 9) defined a firm as ‘a collection of physical and human resources’ and pointed to the heterogeneity of these resources. The term ‘resource’ is conceived widely as ‘anything that can be thought of as a strength or a weakness’ of the firm. The literature has addressed implicitly many resource issues. Following Penrose (1959), entrepreneurial resource refers to the characteristics of business owners, who are primarily responsible for the growth of the firm (Penrose, 1959; Dobbs & Hamilton, 2007). The relationship be- tween decision-maker characteristics and the degree of export has been a much-re- searched issue. RBV provides a theoretical framework in which the variable can be an- chored. Early research from Miesenbock (1988) argued that the key variable in business export is the decision-maker in a firm. Vatne (1995) presented a model on the export of SMEs in manufacturing activities, suggesting that social networking and an entrepreneur’s quality may influence a firm’s ability to identify and acquire external resources. Later, O’Farrell, Wood and Zheng (1998) extended the model to incorporate the export of SMEs engaged in business service activities. They asserted that a variety of demand-side factors affect the reasons for foreign market entry, while supply-side factors can influence a busi- ness service firm’s ability to export. The supply of suitably educated and experienced busi- ness owners with a wide variety of entrepreneurial resource can lead to higher proclivity towards the export of firms that have internal competencies to sell specialised and inno- vative services internationally. Cooper (1994) suggested that the single most important influence upon the ability of an individual is the previous work experience of a founder. According to current research, the central mechanisms of the decision-maker include en- trepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial risk attitude (Chrupała-Pniak, 2017; Daw- son & Henley, 2012; Kowalik, 2017; Westhead, 1995). Therefore, we posit:
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An Analysis of the External and Internal Factors Affecting Subaru Corporation’s Performance

An Analysis of the External and Internal Factors Affecting Subaru Corporation’s Performance

The objective of a company to maximize the profit and minimize the cost. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the internal and external factors and the performance of Subaru Corporation in Japan. The data analysis shows that the operating margin and the exchange rate are affected the profitability of the Subaru the most. The study used the annual report of Subaru Corporation from year 2014 until year 2018. The analysis will help the investor to invest smartly because all the data of the company is shown. In the end of the study, there are few suggestions for Subaru Corporation for them to improve the performance of the company.
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Determinants of profitability according to groups of banks in Albania

Determinants of profitability according to groups of banks in Albania

categorized into two groups, internal and external factors. The objective of the study is to determine the factors that affect the profitability in commercial banks, to show how they differ according to groups of the banks and making some recommendations which can help the management. A panel data with all the commercial banks that operate in Albania is analyzed for the period 2009-2014. To measure the profitability is used the independent variable return on assets. Banking specific factors that are used in this study include variables such as bank size, asset management, credit risk, liquidity of assets, capital adequacy, operational efficiency and cost of financing. On the other hand is taken into consideration only one industry specific factor, which is the concentration and
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