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Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Screening for latent tuberculosis infection among undocumented immigrants in Swiss healthcare centres; a descriptive exploratory study

Screening for latent tuberculosis infection among undocumented immigrants in Swiss healthcare centres; a descriptive exploratory study

... for tuberculosis among immigrants is performed in many developed countries with the aim of detecting and treating the active disease [10,11] or a latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) ...

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Prevalence and risk factors of latent tuberculosis infection among health care workers in Malaysia

Prevalence and risk factors of latent tuberculosis infection among health care workers in Malaysia

... with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) are assumed to harbour viable tubercle bacilli in their ...Mycobacterium tuberculosis, ...Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens, namely ...

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Treatment completion for latent tuberculosis infection in Norway: a prospective cohort study

Treatment completion for latent tuberculosis infection in Norway: a prospective cohort study

... of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in groups at high risk for tuberculosis (TB) disease is a cornerstone in the global strategy to eliminate TB ...

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Eligibility for and outcome of treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in a cohort of HIV infected people in Spain

Eligibility for and outcome of treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in a cohort of HIV infected people in Spain

... Marcos FJ, Díez F, Escribano JC, Canueto J, Lozano F, Pasquau J, Hernández JJ, Márquez M, Kindelán JM, Grupo Andaluz para el estudio de las Enfermedades Infecciosas (GAEI): Ensayo clínico aleatorizado para evaluar tres ...

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Management of tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in human immunodeficiency virus infected persons

Management of tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection in human immunodeficiency virus infected persons

... CD4 count of 113 cells/mL and was diagnosed with pulmonary and nodal tuberculosis (TB). He started highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) 4 weeks after TB treatment. Three weeks after starting HAART he had ...

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Mechanisms of reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection due to SIV coinfection

Mechanisms of reactivation of latent tuberculosis infection due to SIV coinfection

... Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection to estab- lish TB latency (Figure 1A and Supplemental Table 1; supplemental material available online with this article; ...TB infection, a subset of 16 ...

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Risk of latent tuberculosis infection in children living in households with tuberculosis patients: a cross sectional survey in remote northern Lao People's Democratic Republic

Risk of latent tuberculosis infection in children living in households with tuberculosis patients: a cross sectional survey in remote northern Lao People's Democratic Republic

... Despite some limitations, i.e. 17.2% of contact could not be traced for interviews, our study documents that a high proportion of children living in households with TB patients have a LTBI (31.0%). This finding ...

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Latent tuberculosis infection and associated risk factors among people living with HIV and apparently healthy blood donors at the University of Gondar referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

Latent tuberculosis infection and associated risk factors among people living with HIV and apparently healthy blood donors at the University of Gondar referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

... Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in immuno- compromised individuals may progress to severe active tuberculosis (TB) disease and serve as a reservoir for future transmission of TB disease ...

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Global burden of latent multidrug-resistant tuberculosis : trends and estimates based on mathematical modelling

Global burden of latent multidrug-resistant tuberculosis : trends and estimates based on mathematical modelling

... OR latent OR LTBI) AND burden AND model* AND (“resist*” OR “multidrug*” OR “MDR-” OR drug-resistant)” for articles published in English up to Nov 1, ...of infection), who estimated total global ...

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Prevalence and risk factors for latent tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers in Nampula Central Hospital, Mozambique

Prevalence and risk factors for latent tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers in Nampula Central Hospital, Mozambique

... In conclusion, amongst the risk factors for LTBI in our study we found positive, though non-significant, associa- tions with increasing age, being female, working in the medical domain, working for a longer duration in ...

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Interaction of nutritional status and diabetes on active and latent tuberculosis: a cross sectional analysis

Interaction of nutritional status and diabetes on active and latent tuberculosis: a cross sectional analysis

... Our findings consistently support the inverse associ- ation of BMI with active TB risk and increased risk of TB from diabetes [5, 7]. Our observation of highly sig- nificant multiplicative and additive BMI-diabetes ...

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Estimation of the Prevalence of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Household contacts of Sputum Culture Positive Tuberculosis Patients in Vellore, South India.

Estimation of the Prevalence of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Household contacts of Sputum Culture Positive Tuberculosis Patients in Vellore, South India.

... pulmonary tuberculosis may be infected if the index case coughs and expels Mycobacteria into the ...develop tuberculosis disease within their ...from infection to disease will depend on several ...

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A scoping review of cost effectiveness of screening and treatment for latent tuberculosis infection in migrants from high incidence countries

A scoping review of cost effectiveness of screening and treatment for latent tuberculosis infection in migrants from high incidence countries

... Growing consensus indicates that progress in TB con- trol in the low- and middle-income world will require not only investment in strengthening TB control pro- grams, diagnostics, and treatment but also action on the ...

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The latent tuberculosis infection cascade of care in Iqaluit, Nunavut, 2012–2016

The latent tuberculosis infection cascade of care in Iqaluit, Nunavut, 2012–2016

... In our study, non-initiation of treatment among pa- tients for whom treatment was recommended repre- sented the largest source of loss of TST positive patients from the cascade of care. The increased risk of non- ...

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Initiation and completion rates for latent tuberculosis infection treatment: a systematic review

Initiation and completion rates for latent tuberculosis infection treatment: a systematic review

... This systematic review found that initiation and com- pletion rates for LTBI treatment regimens were fre- quently suboptimal and varied greatly within and across different populations. Population groups with a higher ...

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The use of anti-tuberculosis therapy for latent TB infection

The use of anti-tuberculosis therapy for latent TB infection

... Abstract: Tuberculosis infection is of global public health significance, with millions of incident cases each ...of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI); potentially acquired years ...

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QuantiFERON TB Gold In tube test for the diagnosis of active and latent tuberculosis in selected health facilities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

QuantiFERON TB Gold In tube test for the diagnosis of active and latent tuberculosis in selected health facilities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

... Tuberculosis (TB) is still one of the deadly infectious dis- eases worldwide. It is estimated that around one-third of the world’s population is infected with latent TB (LTBI) with 5–10% life time risk of ...

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Point Counterpoint: Should Interferon Gamma Release Assays Become the Standard Method for Screening Patients for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections in the United States?

Point Counterpoint: Should Interferon Gamma Release Assays Become the Standard Method for Screening Patients for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections in the United States?

... immunity or DTH. The phenomenon of major histo- compatibility complex (MHC) restriction has ren- dered simple assay systems that could be used for many individuals difficult to develop. Historically, the few in vitro CMI ...

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ORFeome based identification of biomarkers for serodiagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis latent infection

ORFeome based identification of biomarkers for serodiagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis latent infection

... from latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection to active tuberculosis ...M. tuberculosis ORFeome was divided into three distinct sets based on the reactivity of sera: (i) the top ...

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Treatment completion for latent tuberculosis infection: a retrospective cohort study comparing 9 months of isoniazid, 4 months of rifampin and 3 months of isoniazid and rifapentine

Treatment completion for latent tuberculosis infection: a retrospective cohort study comparing 9 months of isoniazid, 4 months of rifampin and 3 months of isoniazid and rifapentine

... The results of this study have important practical im- plications for providers, patients, and health care sys- tems. The two regimens likely have similar side effect profiles [15, 26], but four months of rifampin does ...

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